Search Results for "splintering-urbanism-networked-infrastructures-technological-mobilites-and-the-urban-condition"

Splintering Urbanism

Splintering Urbanism

Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities and the Urban Condition

  • Author: Steve Graham,Simon Marvin
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113465698X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 512
  • View: 6566
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Splintering Urbanism makes an international and interdisciplinary analysis of the complex interactions between infrastructure networks and urban spaces. It delivers a new and powerful way of understanding contemporary urban change, bringing together discussions about: *globalization and the city *technology and society *urban space and urban networks *infrastructure and the built environment *developed, developing and post-communist worlds. With a range of case studies, illustrations and boxed examples, from New York to Jakarta, Johannesberg to Manila and Sao Paolo to Melbourne, Splintering Urbanism demonstrates the latest social, urban and technological theories, which give us an understanding of our contemporary metropolis.

The Cybercities Reader

The Cybercities Reader

  • Author: Stephen Graham
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415279567
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 444
  • View: 2268
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How do the multifaceted realities of city regions interrelate in practice with new technologies in different ways in different places? This reader explores this question, providing an international and interdisciplinary analysis of the relationships between cities, urban life and new technologies.

Telecommunications and the City

Telecommunications and the City

Electronic Spaces, Urban Places

  • Author: Steve Graham,Simon Marvin
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134813929
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 456
  • View: 5941
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Telecommunications and the City provides the first critical and state-of-the-art review of the relations between telecommunications and all aspects of city development and management. Drawing on a range of theoretical approaches and a wide body of recent research, the book addresses key academic and policy debates about technological change and the future of cities with a fresh perspective. Through this approach, the complex and crucial transformations underway in cities in which telecommunications have central importance are mapped out and illustrated. Key areas where telecommunications impinge on the economic, social, physical, enviromental and institutional development of cities are illustrated by using boxed extracts and wide range of case study examples from Europe, Japan and North America. Rejecting the extremes of optimism and pessimism in current hype about cities and telecommunications, Telecommunications and the City offers a sophisticated new perspective through which city-telecommunications relations can be understood.

Urbanism and Transport

Urbanism and Transport

Building Blocks for Architects and City and Transport Planners

  • Author: Helmut Holzapfel
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317631005
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 116
  • View: 317
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Helmut Holzapfel’s Urbanism and Transport, a bestseller in its own country, now available in English, examines the history and the future of urban design for transport in major European cities. Urbanism and Transport shows how the automobile has come to dominate the urban landscape of cities throughout the world, providing thought-provoking analysis of the societal and ideological precursors that have given rise to these developments. It describes the transformation that occurred in urban life through the ongoing separation of social functions that began in the 1920s and has continued to produce today's phenomenon of fractured urban experience – a sort of island urbanism. Professor Holzapfel examines the vital relation between the house and the street in the urban environment and explains the importance of small-scale, mixed-use urban development for humane city living, contrasting such developments with the overpowering role that the automobile typically plays in today's cities. Taking the insights gained from its historical analysis with a special focus on Germany and the rise of fascism, the book provides recommendations for architects and engineers on how urban spaces, streets, structures and transport networks can be more successfully integrated in the present day. Urbanism and Transport is a key resource for architects, transport engineers, urban and spatial planners, and students providing essential basic knowledge about the urban situation and the challenges of reclaiming cities to serve the basic needs of people rather than the imperatives of automobile transport.

Disrupted Cities

Disrupted Cities

When Infrastructure Fails

  • Author: Stephen Graham
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135851980
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 7921
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Bringing together leading researchers from geography, political science, sociology, public policy and technology studies, Disrupted Cities exposes the politics of well-known disruptions such as devastation of New Orleans in 2005, the global SARS outbreak in 2002-3, and the great power collapse in the North Eastern US in 2003. But the book also excavates the politics of more hidden disruptions: the clogging of city sewers with fat; the day-to-day infrastructural collapses which dominate urban life in much of the global south; the deliberate devastation of urban infrastructure by state militaries; and the ways in which alleged threats of infrastructural disruption have been used to radically reorganize cities as part of the ‘war on terror’. Accessible, topical and state-of-the art, Disrupted Cities will be required reading for anyone interested in the intersections of technology, security and urban life as we plunge headlong into this quintessentially urban century. The book’s blend of cutting-edge theory with visceral events means that it will be particularly useful for illuminating urban courses within geography, sociology, planning, anthropology, political science, public policy, architecture and technology studies.

Cities, War, and Terrorism

Cities, War, and Terrorism

Towards an Urban Geopolitics

  • Author: Stephen Graham
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0470753021
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 9562
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Cities, War and Terrorism is the first book to look critically at the ways in which warfare, terrorism and counter-terrorism policies intersect in cities in the post Cold-War period. A path-breaking exploration of the intersections of war, terrorism and cities Argues that contemporary cities are the key strategic sites of geopolitical conflict Written by the world’s leading analysts of the intersections of urban space and military and terrorist violence Draws on cutting-edge research from geography, history, architecture, planning, sociology, critical theory, politics, international relations and military studies Provides up-to-date empirical analyses of specific conflicts, including 9/11, the “War on Terrorism”, the Balkan wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and urban antiglobalization battles Offers lay readers a sophisticated perspective on the violence that is engulfing our increasingly urbanised world

Geographies of Mobilities: Practices, Spaces, Subjects

Geographies of Mobilities: Practices, Spaces, Subjects

  • Author: Dr Peter Merriman,Professor Tim Cresswell
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409488918
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1034
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Over the past fifteen years or so, there has been a widespread and increasing fascination with the theme of mobility across the social sciences and humanities. Of course, geographers have always had an interest in mobility, but as yet they have not viewed this in the same 'mobility turn' as in other disciplines where it has been used to critique the standard approaches to the subjects. This text brings together leading academics to provide a revitalised 'geography of mobilities' informed by this wider 'mobility turn'. It makes connections between the seemingly disparate sub-disciplinary worlds of migration, transport and tourism, suggesting that each has much to learn from each other through the ontological and epistemological concern for mobility.

Infrastructural Lives

Infrastructural Lives

Urban Infrastructure in Context

  • Author: Stephen Graham,Colin McFarlane
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131768639X
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 262
  • View: 6543
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Infrastructural Lives is the first book to describe the everyday experience and politics of urban infrastructures. It focuses on a range of infrastructures in both the global South and North. The book examines how day-to-day experience and perception of infrastructure provides a new and powerful lens to view urban sustainability, politics, economics, cultures and ecologies. An interdisciplinary group of leading and emerging urban researchers examine critical questions about urban infrastructure in different global contexts. The chapters address water, sanitation, and waste politics in Mumbai, Kampala and Tyneside, analyse the use of infrastructure in the dispossession of Palestinian communities, explore the pacification of Rio’s favelas in the run-up to the 2014 World Cup, describe how people’s bodies and lives effectively operate as ‘infrastructure’ in many major cities, and also explores tentative experiments with low-carbon infrastructures. These diverse cases and perspectives are connected by a shared sense of infrastructure not just as a ‘thing’, a ‘system’, or an ‘output,’ but as a complex social and technological process that enables – or disables – particular kinds of action in the city. Infrastructural Lives is crucial reading for academics, researchers, students and practitioners in urban studies globally.

Rural Homelessness

Rural Homelessness

Issues, Experiences and Policy Responses

  • Author: Cloke, Paul,Milbourne, Paul,Rebekah Widdowfield
  • Publisher: Policy Press
  • ISBN: 1861343469
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 245
  • View: 6168
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Rural homelessness explores the shifting policy context of homelessness and social exclusion in relation to rural areas in the UK and other countries in the developed world. Drawing on the first comprehensive survey of rural homelessness in the UK, the book positions these findings within a wider international context.

Perspectives and Implications for the Development of Information Infrastructures

Perspectives and Implications for the Development of Information Infrastructures

  • Author: Constantinides, Panos
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1466616237
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 372
  • View: 1464
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In the same way that infrastructures such as transportation, electricity, sewage, and water supply are widely assumed to be integrators of urban spaces, information infrastructures are assumed to be integrators of information spaces. With the advent of Web 2.0 and new types of information infrastructures such as online social networks and smart mobile platforms, a more in-depth understanding of the various rights to access, use, develop, and modify information infrastructure resources is necessary. Perspectives and Implications for the Development of Information Infrastructures aims at addressing this need by offering a fresh new perspective on information infrastructure development. It achieves this by drawing on and adapting theory that was initially developed to study natural resource commons arrangements such as inshore fisheries, forests, irrigation systems, and pastures, while placing great emphasis on the complex problems and social dilemmas that often arise in the negotiations.

Kuwait Transformed

Kuwait Transformed

A History of Oil and Urban Life

  • Author: Farah Al-Nakib
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 0804798575
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 3104
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As the first Gulf city to experience oil urbanization, Kuwait City's transformation in the mid-twentieth century inaugurated a now-familiar regional narrative: a small traditional town of mudbrick courtyard houses and plentiful foot traffic transformed into a modern city with marble-fronted buildings, vast suburbs, and wide highways. In Kuwait Transformed, Farah Al-Nakib connects the city's past and present, from its settlement in 1716 to the twenty-first century, through the bridge of oil discovery. She traces the relationships between the urban landscape, patterns and practices of everyday life, and social behaviors and relations in Kuwait. The history that emerges reveals how decades of urban planning, suburbanization, and privatization have eroded an open, tolerant society and given rise to the insularity, xenophobia, and divisiveness that characterize Kuwaiti social relations today. The book makes a call for a restoration of the city that modern planning eliminated. But this is not simply a case of nostalgia for a lost landscape, lifestyle, or community. It is a claim for a "right to the city"—the right of all inhabitants to shape and use the spaces of their city to meet their own needs and desires.

New Chinese Migrations

New Chinese Migrations

Mobility, Home, and Inspirations

  • Author: Yuk Wah Chan,Sin Yee Koh
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351670565
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 5981
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With the rapid economic development of China and the overall shift in the global political economy, there is now the emergence of new Chinese on the move. These new Chinese migrants and diasporas are pioneers in the establishment of multiple homes in new geographical locations, the development of new (global and hybrid) Chinese identities, and the creation of new (political, economic and social) inspirations through their mobile lives. This book identifies and examines new forms and paths of Chinese migration since the 1980s. It provides updated trends of migration movements of the Chinese, including their emergent geographies. With chapters highlighting the diversities and complexities of these new waves of Chinese migration, this volume offers novel insights to enrich our understanding of Asian mobility in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The book will be of interest to academics examining migration, mobility, diaspora, Chinese identity, overseas Chinese studies and Asian diaspora studies.

Placing London

Placing London

From Imperial Capital to Global City

  • Author: John Eade
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781571818034
  • Category: History
  • Page: 198
  • View: 778
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"[The] book is neatly divided into three tours of the focal districts of Central London [and] replete with lurid and dangerous sights and sounds ... I am lured by Eade's new manual to travel to London to sample samosas, discover provocative multicultural art and theater, and make nocturnal sorties for the hoisting of ales." . Urban Affairs "[The author] writes clearly and with feeling ... [The information] is always plausible and well documented." . Contemporary Sociology ..". an excellent ... wonderful collection of essays." . Friends Newsletter, Max Kade Institute "An impressive and scholarly analysis ... a profound, college-level retrospective and highly recommended." . The Midwest Book Review ..". a timely and innovative study. The scholarship is sound and the book is well organised and clearly written." . Les Back, Goldsmiths College London continues to fascinate a vast audience across the world, and an extensive, diverse literature now exists describing and analyzing this metropolis. The central question - what is London? - has produced many answers but none of them, the author argues, uncovers the complex ways in which knowledge is constructed in the diverse attempts to represent places and people. On the contrary: a gulf has opened up between analysis of contemporary London as a global, postcolonial city, on the one hand, and historical accounts of the imperial capital on the other. The author shows how the gap can be bridged by combining an analysis of the representation over time by various experts of London and certain localities with an investigation of the ways in which residents have represented their communities through struggles over symbolic and material resources. John Eade is Reader in the Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, University of Surrey, Roehampton.

Invisible Ink

Invisible Ink

Navigating Racism in Corporate America

  • Author: Stephen Graham
  • Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • ISBN: 9781541171176
  • Category: Discrimination in employment
  • Page: 220
  • View: 2001
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An Ivy League degree propelled Stephen Graham into the world of corporate law. There he expected to be judged on his accomplishments-and he was. But unlike his white colleagues, Graham had to fight against a constant undercurrent of racial bias. Invisible Ink recounts Graham's experiences with bias and racism in corporate America. Unlike racially motivated violence or overt bigotry, racial bias in the business world is usually subtle, often going undetected unless coaxed to the surface. Such racism is insidious and deeply ingrained in corporate America. Succeeding means battling against prejudice on a daily basis-all while white colleagues maintain racial bias doesn't exist or is of no consequence, dismissing attempts to confront prejudice as "playing the race card." Such is the environment Graham has navigated throughout his corporate career. His personal stories reveal the ever-changing contours of a racial bias that denigrates and demeans through continuous, low-grade attacks, grinding down its victims over time. That Graham succeeded in such an environment is a testament to his talent and dedication. That such an environment should exist at all is indefensible.

Cities Under Siege

Cities Under Siege

The New Military Urbanism

  • Author: Stephen Graham
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1844677621
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 402
  • View: 7827
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A powerful exposé of how political violence operates through the spaces of urban life. Cities are the new battleground of our increasingly urban world. From the slums of the global South to the wealthy financial centers of the West, Cities Under Siege traces the spread of political violence through the sites, spaces, infrastructure and symbols of the world’s rapidly expanding metropolitan areas. Drawing on a wealth of original research, Stephen Graham shows how Western militaries and security forces now perceive all urban terrain as a conflict zone inhabited by lurking shadow enemies. Urban inhabitants have become targets that need to be continually tracked, scanned and controlled. Graham examines the transformation of Western armies into high-tech urban counter-insurgency forces. He looks at the militarization and surveillance of international borders, the use of ‘security’ concerns to suppress democratic dissent, and the enacting of legislation to suspend civilian law. In doing so, he reveals how the New Military Urbanism permeates the entire fabric of urban life, from subway and transport networks hardwired with high-tech ‘command and control’ systems to the insidious militarization of a popular culture corrupted by the all-pervasive discourse of ‘terrorism.’

The Postmodern Urban Condition

The Postmodern Urban Condition

  • Author: Michael J. Dear
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN: 9780631209881
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 2046
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This book will change the way we understand cities. It provides readers with not only an introduction to cities and urbanism in the postmodern world but also overturns many common assumptions about urban structure.

Code and the City

Code and the City

  • Author: Rob Kitchin,Sung-Yueh Perng
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317413814
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 8456
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Software has become essential to the functioning of cities. It is deeply embedded into the systems and infrastructure of the built environment and is entrenched in the management and governance of urban societies. Software-enabled technologies and services enhance the ways in which we understand and plan cities. It even has an effect on how we manage urban services and utilities. Code and the City explores the extent and depth of the ways in which software mediates how people work, consume, communication, travel and play. The reach of these systems is set to become even more pervasive through efforts to create smart cities: cities that employ ICTs to underpin and drive their economy and governance. Yet, despite the roll-out of software-enabled systems across all aspects of city life, the relationship between code and the city has barely been explored from a critical social science perspective. This collection of essays seeks to fill that gap, and offers an interdisciplinary examination of the relationship between software and contemporary urbanism. This book will be of interest to those researching or studying smart cities and urban infrastructure.

Smart Urbanism

Smart Urbanism

Utopian vision or false dawn?

  • Author: Simon Marvin,Andrés Luque-Ayala,Colin McFarlane
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317549325
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 212
  • View: 8229
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Smart Urbanism (SU) – the rebuilding of cities through the integration of digital technologies with buildings, neighbourhoods, networked infrastructures and people – is being represented as a unique emerging ‘solution’ to the majority of problems faced by cities today. SU discourses, enacted by technology companies, national governments and supranational agencies alike, claim a supremacy of urban digital technologies for managing and controlling infrastructures, achieving greater effectiveness in managing service demand and reducing carbon emissions, developing greater social interaction and community networks, providing new services around health and social care etc. Smart urbanism is being represented as the response to almost every facet of the contemporary urban question. This book explores this common conception of the problematic of smart urbanism and critically address what new capabilities are being created by whom and with what exclusions; how these are being developed - and contested; where is this happening both within and between cities; and, with what sorts of social and material consequences. The aim of the book is to identify and convene a currently fragmented and disconnected group of researchers, commentators, developers and users from both within and outside the mainstream SU discourse, including several of those that adopt a more critical perspective, to assess ‘what’ problems of the city smartness can address The volume provides the first internationally comparative assessment of SU in cities of the global north and south, critically evaluates whether current visions of SU are able to achieve their potential; and then identifies alternative trajectories for SU that hold radical promise for reshaping cities.

E-topia

E-topia

"Urban Life, Jim--but Not as We Know It"

  • Author: William John Mitchell
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262632058
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 7715
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A unique, insightful study of the effects of the internet on urban architecture predicts major changes in telecommunication infrastructure, highways, corporate buildings, and personal dwellings in the near future.

Aerial Life

Aerial Life

Spaces, Mobilities, Affects

  • Author: Peter Adey
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9781444391343
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 4663
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NOMINATED AND SHORT LISTED FOR THE SURVEILLANCE STUDIES BOOK PRIZE 2011! This theoretically informed research explores what the development and transformation of air travel has meant for societies and individuals. Brings together a number of interdisciplinary approaches towards the aeroplane and its relation to society Presents an original theory that our societies are aerial societies, or 'aerealities', and shows how we are both enabled and threatened by aerial mobility Features a series of detailed international case studies which map the history of aviation over the past century - from the promises of early flight, to World War II bombing campaigns, and to the rise of international terrorism today Demonstrates the transformational capacity of air transport to shape societies, bodies and individual identities Offers startling historical evidence and bold new ideas about how the social and material spaces of the aeroplane are considered in the modern era