Search Results for "sport-worlds-sociological-perspectives"

Sport Worlds

Sport Worlds

A Sociological Perspective

  • Author: Joseph A. Maguire
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics
  • ISBN: 9780880119726
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 242
  • View: 8527
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Sport Worlds: A Sociological Perspectivetakes a novel approach to tracing the intimate and extensive relationships between sport and other social worlds. By examining classic issues and current trends, the text offers students and practitioners alike a broad base of knowledge with which to challenge the everyday conventions and practices of sport. Joseph Maguire, Grant Jarvie, Louise Mansfield, and Joe Bradley deftly highlight the ways in which sport competitions are shaped more by what happens off the field than on. Using contemporary examples, the authors paint a historically relevant picture of how sport is an integral part of the global order, our local communities, and our individual identities. The text includes the following features: -A straightforward organization and easy-to-read style making it an essential reference for students and professionals studying sociology of sport -Clearly stated objectives and review questions at the start and end of each chapter that give readers a framework for learning and understanding key points throughout the text -Project suggestions in each chapter that allow readers to incorporate learning concepts into hands-on, real-life situations, furthering student comprehension -Narrative case studies based on current issues illustrating the global nature of the modern world of sport -Highlighted examples that allow readers to relate today's sport headlines to issues and trends beyond the final score -Debating points that engage readers in thought-provoking discussions, allowing readers to assess the sociology of sport issues for themselves Part I,"Sport Inside the World," examines a range of global systems, processes, and issues that characterize sport worlds. These include networks, boundaries, conventions, and challenges. Attention is given to issues such as migration, the environment, and politics. Part II,“Inside the Worlds of Sport,” focuses on the significance of sport in the emotional and social lives of people. Special focus is on questions of gender, place, space, and identities. Sport Worlds: A Sociological Perspectivekeenly illustrates how sport enters our lives from different paths, giving readers a fresh perspective from which to consider the true character and meaning of sport. For students, researchers, and professionals alike—be they participants, spectators, or consumers of sport—the text is an extensive resource that will enhance their overall experience in the world of sport.

A Sociological Perspective of Sport

A Sociological Perspective of Sport

  • Author: Wilbert Marcellus Leonard
  • Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 469
  • View: 5219
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A Sociological Perspective of Sport, Fifth Edition offers a comprehensive look at the social world of sport. The text is organized to show how sport is a vital component of major sociological concepts such as culture, social organization, socialization, deviance, small groups, collective behavior, mass media, and institutional interrelationships (education, politics, and religion). Chapters move from the "macro" perspective to the "micro" view to make the connection between sport and society clear. A Sociological Perspective of Sport is based on three central themes: sport is a social institution worthy of sociological examination like the more traditional institutions of marriage/family, politics, economy, religion, law, health/medicine, science, and education; sport is a microcosm of the larger society and as such reflects and reinforces the dominant ideology; and numerous institutional connections between sport and other societal institutions make it impossible for changes in one sphere not to have reverberating effects in all spheres.

Sociological Perspectives on Sport

Sociological Perspectives on Sport

The Games Outside the Games

  • Author: David Karen,Robert E. Washington
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317973933
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 654
  • View: 8618
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Sociological Perspectives on Sport: The Games Outside the Games seeks not only to inform students about the sports world but also to offer them analytical skills and the application of theoretical perspectives that deepen their awareness and understanding of social processes linking sports to the larger social world. With six original framing essays linking sport to a variety of topics, including race, class, gender, media, politics, deviance, and globalization, and 37 reprinted articles, this text/reader sets a new standard for excellence in teaching sports and society.

Contemporary Social and Sociological Theory

Contemporary Social and Sociological Theory

Visualizing Social Worlds

  • Author: Kenneth Allan
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1506319394
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 488
  • View: 5696
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In the Third Edition of Ken Allan's highly-praised Contemporary Social and Sociological Theory book, sociological theories and theorists are explored using a straightforward approach and conversational, jargon-free language. Filled with examples drawn from everyday life, this edition highlights diversity in contemporary society, exploring theories of race, gender, and sexuality that address some of today's most important social concerns. Through this textbook students will learn to think theoretically and apply to their own lives.

The Sociology of Early Childhood

The Sociology of Early Childhood

Young Children’s Lives and Worlds

  • Author: Yarrow Andrew,Jennifer Fane
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351612220
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 240
  • View: 8546
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The Sociology of Early Childhood brings a new perspective to the field of early childhood education, offering insights into how children's diverse backgrounds shape their life chances. This book will be invaluable for all early childhood educators and students, who want to explore the complexities of contemporary society. The book takes us through the lives of children from birth to eight years of age, highlighting key issues for babies, for toddlers and for older children, as they grow and learn. Exploring key aspects of inequality, such as gender, social class, race, disability, Indigeneity and sexuality, the sociological insights of this book help educators navigate their role as guides, mediators and advocates for young children. Whether it is understanding children's emotions, working with families, or understanding the challenges of climate change, this book will help, with practical and relevant knowledge. Traditional approaches to early childhood focus on individual children, often missing a critical awareness of social relationships. There has also been a narrow understanding of children's abilities at a given age or stage, which has ignored the significant impacts of power, privilege and disadvantage. Using sociological theory, the authors unpack how these big issues affect all aspects of children's lives, showing how children struggle to overcome the negative stereotypes which operate to diminish the life chances of many children. This book gives all those who care about or for young children the tools and understanding to become powerful advocates for a better childhood, and a better world.

Sport Matters

Sport Matters

Sociological Studies of Sport, Violence and Civilisation

  • Author: Eric Dunning
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134870140
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 9489
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1999 North American Society for the Sociology of Sport Annual Book Award Sport Matters offers a comprehensive introduction to the study of modern sport from a sociological perspective. It covers such topics as the history of sport, the development of ideas of 'fair play', sport and the emotions, the professionalization of sport, race-relations and sport and sport and gender. Unique in its cross-cultural analysis, it uses examples from around the globe, including sports spectator violence in North America, the growth of international soccer and the role of sport in the European identity.

Norbert Elias and the Analysis of History and Sport

Norbert Elias and the Analysis of History and Sport

Systematizing Figurational Sociology

  • Author: Joannes Van Gestel
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351212656
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 170
  • View: 8594
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In times when the social sciences have become increasingly fragmented and more focused on ‘the pieces of the puzzle’, the puzzle, as a topic in its own right, has slowly been moved towards the background. Nonetheless, as humanity becomes ever more globalized, there is a greater need for in-depth discussion on the theory behind the direction of humanity in history and the interrelationships between the different areas in which humans associate, including that of leisure and sport. At its heart, Norbert Elias and the Analysis of History and Sport explains both the course of history and how the roles that leisure and sport have occupied in it should be investigated. Exploring this from Norbert Elias’ figurational (or process sociological) standpoint, the book offers a unique perspective as Van Gestel approaches the theoretical concepts and ideas by systematizing the views of the iconic scholar and offers new insights into his central theory. Furthermore, drawing upon theoretical principles that are universal to humans rather than relative to a case study, Van Gestel offers an applicable guideline which explains phenomena beyond specific cultures or circumstances that have so far been a customary practice by process sociologists. Norbert Elias and the Analysis of History and Sport is a valuable title which will appeal to postgraduate students and scholars interested in fields such as social studies, leisure and sport studies, and history.

Sport Fitness Culture

Sport Fitness Culture

  • Author: Prof. Karin Volkwein-Caplan
  • Publisher: Meyer & Meyer Verlag
  • ISBN: 1782550410
  • Category: Sports & Recreation
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3145
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Sport|Fitness|Culture focuses on the influences of culture and society on human movement, such as sport, physical activity, and fitness. The text introduces and analyzes current issues of importance for those concerned with human movement and culture, whether it is in the context of teaching physical education, coordinating/ marketing sport and recreational programs, coaching or serving the general population – young and old – with any form of physical activity. Sport|Fitness|Culture incorporates interdisciplinary, cutting-edge work reflecting various research paradigms from these theoretical perspectives: sociology, psychology, history, philosophy, anthropology, gender and race studies and cultural studies. The fact that more and more people of all ages are participating in sport and physical activity means that serious attention must be paid to increasing awareness of the positive as well as the negative effects of such involvement. Indeed, sport has become a major socio-cultural factor in people’s lives. In the USA, there is hardly anyone who is not touched by this movement; however, people have very different experiences based on their cultural and socio-economic background, including gender, race/ethnicity, age, ability, as well as their sexual and religious orientations. This book will educate people about the importance of socio-cultural as well as psychological factors influencing people’s choices, opportunities, experiences and limitations in the domain of human movement.

No Slam Dunk

No Slam Dunk

Gender, Sport and the Unevenness of Social Change

  • Author: Cheryl Cooky,Michael A. Messner
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN: 0813592089
  • Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE
  • Page: 314
  • View: 4967
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In just a few decades, sport has undergone a radical gender transformation. However, Cheryl Cooky and Michael A. Messner suggest that the progress toward gender equity in sports is far from complete. The continuing barriers to full and equal participation for young people, the far lower pay for most elite-level women athletes, and the continuing dearth of fair and equal media coverage all underline how much still has yet to change before we see gender equality in sports. The chapters in No Slam Dunk show that is this not simply a story of an “unfinished revolution.” Rather, they contend, it is simplistic optimism to assume that we are currently nearing the conclusion of a story of linear progress that ends with a certain future of equality and justice. This book provides important theoretical and empirical insights into the contemporary world of sports to help explain the unevenness of social change and how, despite significant progress, gender equality in sports has been “No Slam Dunk.”

Violence

Violence

A Micro-sociological Theory

  • Author: Randall Collins
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400831753
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 584
  • View: 6826
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In the popular misconception fostered by blockbuster action movies and best-selling thrillers--not to mention conventional explanations by social scientists--violence is easy under certain conditions, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or family pathologies. Randall Collins challenges this view in Violence, arguing that violent confrontation goes against human physiological hardwiring. It is the exception, not the rule--regardless of the underlying conditions or motivations. Collins gives a comprehensive explanation of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video footage, cutting-edge forensics, and ethnography to examine violent situations up close as they actually happen--and his conclusions will surprise you. Violence comes neither easily nor automatically. Antagonists are by nature tense and fearful, and their confrontational anxieties put up a powerful emotional barrier against violence. Collins guides readers into the very real and disturbing worlds of human discord--from domestic abuse and schoolyard bullying to muggings, violent sports, and armed conflicts. He reveals how the fog of war pervades all violent encounters, limiting people mostly to bluster and bluff, and making violence, when it does occur, largely incompetent, often injuring someone other than its intended target. Collins shows how violence can be triggered only when pathways around this emotional barrier are presented. He explains why violence typically comes in the form of atrocities against the weak, ritualized exhibitions before audiences, or clandestine acts of terrorism and murder--and why a small number of individuals are competent at violence. Violence overturns standard views about the root causes of violence and offers solutions for confronting it in the future.

Social Networks and Music Worlds

Social Networks and Music Worlds

  • Author: Nick Crossley,Siobhan McAndrew,Paul Widdop
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317964764
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 2469
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Social networks are critical for the creation and consumption of music. This edited collection, Social Networks and Music Worlds, introduces students and scholars of music in society to the core concepts and tools of social network analysis. The collection showcases the use of these tools by sociologists, historians and musicologists, examining a variety of distinct 'music worlds', including post-punk, jazz, rap, folk, classical music, Ladyfest and the world of 'open mic' performances, on a number of different scales (local, national and international). In addition to their overarching Introduction, the editors offer a very clear and detailed introduction to the methodology of social network analysis for the uninitiated. The collection builds upon insights from canonic texts in the sociology of music, with the crucial innovation of examining musical network interaction via formal methods. With network analysis in the arts and humanities at an emergent stage, Social Networks and Music Worlds highlights its possibilities for non-scientists. Contributions hail from leading and emerging scholars who present social network graphs and data to represent different music worlds, locating individuals, resources and styles within them. The collection sits at the nexus of sociological, musicological and cultural studies traditions. Its range should ensure a large scholarly readership.

Divergent Social Worlds

Divergent Social Worlds

Neighborhood Crime and the Racial-Spatial Divide

  • Author: Ruth D. Peterson,Lauren J. Krivo
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • ISBN: 1610446771
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 184
  • View: 6918
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More than half a century after the first Jim Crow laws were dismantled, the majority of urban neighborhoods in the United States remain segregated by race. The degree of social and economic advantage or disadvantage that each community experiences—particularly its crime rate—is most often a reflection of which group is in the majority. As Ruth Peterson and Lauren Krivo note in Divergent Social Worlds, “Race, place, and crime are still inextricably linked in the minds of the public.” This book broadens the scope of single-city, black/white studies by using national data to compare local crime patterns in five racially distinct types of neighborhoods. Peterson and Krivo meticulously demonstrate how residential segregation creates and maintains inequality in neighborhood crime rates. Based on the authors’ groundbreaking National Neighborhood Crime Study (NNCS), Divergent Social Worlds provides a more complete picture of the social conditions underlying neighborhood crime patterns than has ever before been drawn. The study includes economic, social, and local investment data for nearly nine thousand neighborhoods in eighty-seven cities, and the findings reveal a pattern across neighborhoods of racialized separation among unequal groups. Residential segregation reproduces existing privilege or disadvantage in neighborhoods—such as adequate or inadequate schools, political representation, and local business—increasing the potential for crime and instability in impoverished non-white areas yet providing few opportunities for residents to improve conditions or leave. And the numbers bear this out. Among urban residents, more than two-thirds of all whites, half of all African Americans, and one-third of Latinos live in segregated local neighborhoods. More than 90 percent of white neighborhoods have low poverty, but this is only true for one quarter of black, Latino, and minority areas. Of the five types of neighborhoods studied, African American communities experience violent crime on average at a rate five times that of their white counterparts, with violence rates for Latino, minority, and integrated neighborhoods falling between the two extremes. Divergent Social Worlds lays to rest the popular misconception that persistently high crime rates in impoverished, non-white neighborhoods are merely the result of individual pathologies or, worse, inherent group criminality. Yet Peterson and Krivo also show that the reality of crime inequality in urban neighborhoods is no less alarming. Separate, the book emphasizes, is inherently unequal. Divergent Social Worlds lays the groundwork for closing the gap—and for next steps among organizers, policymakers, and future researchers. A Volume in the American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology

Beyond Sport for Development and Peace

Beyond Sport for Development and Peace

Transnational Perspectives on Theory, Policy and Practice

  • Author: Lyndsay M. C. Hayhurst,Tess Kay,Megan Chawansky
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317615492
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 1335
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Debates around the ‘sport for development and peace’ (SDP) movement have entered a new phase, moving on from simple questions surrounding the utility of sport as a tool of international development. Beyond Sport for Development and Peace argues that critical research and new perspectives and methodologies are necessary to balance the local aspects and global influences of sport and to better understand the power relations embedded in SDP on a transnational scale. As the era of the Millennium Development Goals gives way to a new agenda for sustainable development, this book considers the position of SDP. The book brings together contributors from 15 different countries across the developed and developing worlds, including academic researchers and ‘on the ground’ experts, practitioners and policy-makers, to provide one of the most diverse set of perspectives assembled in SDP scholarship. Looking to the renewed development agenda, its authors explore theoretical, policy and practical dimensions that address the broadening geographical and cultural spread of SDP, the emergence of issues such as child protection within it, its increased capacity for critical reflection on practice, and its potential for new collaborative approaches to knowledge production. Through its combination of academically-led chapters paired with practice-oriented ‘responses’ it offers an important reconceptualization of SDP as a contributor to development policy, and opens up important new avenues for studying and ‘practising’ SDP. Beyond Sport for Development and Peace is therefore essential reading for all researchers, advanced students, policy-makers and practitioners working in sport development or international development.

Sociology Looks at the Arts

Sociology Looks at the Arts

  • Author: Julia Rothenberg
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317913280
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 286
  • View: 9982
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Sociology Looks at the Arts is intended as a concise yet nuanced introduction to the sociology of art. This book will provide a foundation for teaching and discussing a range of questions and perspectives used by sociologists who study the relationship between the arts – including music, performing arts, visual arts, literature, film and new media – and society.

Global Capitalism

Global Capitalism

A Sociological Perspective

  • Author: Miguel A. Centeno,Joseph N. Cohen
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745655947
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 180
  • View: 2601
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The global financial crisis has challenged many of our most authoritative economic ideologies and policies. After thirty years of reshaping the world to conform to the market, governments and societies are now calling for a retreat to a yet undefined new economic order. In order to provide a guide to what the twenty-first-century economy might look like, this book revisits the great project of Global Capitalism. What did it actually entail? How far did it go? What were its strengths and failings? By deconstructing its core ideas and examining its empirical record, can we gain clues about how to move forward after the crisis? Miguel Centeno and Joseph Cohen define capitalism as a historically-evolving and socially-constructed institution, rooted in three core economic activities trade, finance and marketing and identify the three key challenges that any new economic system will need to surmount inequality, governance, and environmental sustainability. This accessible and engaging book will be essential reading for students of economic sociology, and all those interested in the construction of our economic future.

Social Perspectives in Lesbian and Gay Studies

Social Perspectives in Lesbian and Gay Studies

A Reader

  • Author: Peter M. Nardi,Beth E. Schneider
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136219315
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 640
  • View: 9914
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This comprehensive reader brings a social science perspective to an area hitherto dominated by the humanities. Through it, students will be able to follow the story of how sociology has come to engage with gay and lesbian issues from the 1950s to the present, from the earliest research on the underground worlds of gay men to the emergence of queer theory in the 1990s. Bringing together classic readings and the best work of younger scholars from all parts of the English-speaking world, this reader will be an invaluable resource for courses at undergraduate and graduate level in all areas of the sociology of sexuality and gender. Separate sections cover: * theoretical foundations * identity and community making * institutions and social change * challenges for the future. Each section begins with an introduction giving readers a brief guide to the readings in that section, contextualises them and relates them to one another and the book ends with an afterword by Ken Plummer summing up the present state of play and looking forward to the future.

Inner Lives and Social Worlds

Inner Lives and Social Worlds

Readings in Social Psychology

  • Author: James A. Holstein,Jaber F. Gubrium
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195147278
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 596
  • View: 4405
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Social interaction is the key to this book's approach to social psychology. The essays and readings offer a social psychology of everyday life that emphasises how people interacting with one another assemble both their inner lives and their social worlds. The anthology is designed for classroom adoption as the primary text in undergraduate social psychology courses, primarily those courses taught in the departments of sociology and social sciences.

Sports Science Handbook: I-Z

Sports Science Handbook: I-Z

  • Author: Simon P. R. Jenkins
  • Publisher: multi-science publishing
  • ISBN: 9780906522370
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 384
  • View: 6805
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A valuable reference source for professionals and academics in this field, this is an encyclopedia-dictionary of the many scientific and technical terms now encountered in kinesiology and exercise science.

Sport, Exercise and Social Theory

Sport, Exercise and Social Theory

An Introduction

  • Author: Gyozo Molnar,John Kelly
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136476393
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 3194
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Why are sport and exercise important? What can the study of sport and exercise tell us about wider society? Who holds the power in creating contemporary sport and exercise discourses? It is impossible to properly understand the role that sport and exercise play in contemporary society without knowing a little social theory. It is social theory that provides the vocabulary for our study of society, that helps us ask the right critical questions and that encourages us to look for the (real) story behind sport and exercise. Sport, Exercise and Social Theory is a concise and engaging introduction to the key theories that underpin the study of sport, exercise and society, including feminism, post-modernism, (Neo-)Marxism and the sociological imagination. Using vivid examples and descriptions of sport-related events and exercise practices, the book explains why social theories are important as well as how to use them, giving students the tools to navigate with confidence through any course in the sociology of sport and exercise. This book shows how theory can be used to debunk many of our traditional assumptions about sport and exercise and how they can be a useful window through which to observe wider society. Designed to be used by students who have never studied sociology before, and including a whole chapter on the practical application of social theory to their own study, it provides training in critical thinking and helps students to develop intellectual skills which will serve them throughout their professional and personal lives.

Women and Sport

Women and Sport

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: D. Margaret Costa,Sharon Ruth Guthrie
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics
  • ISBN: 9780873226868
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 399
  • View: 7178
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This provocative text--the product of more than 10 years of instruction and research--is the most comprehensive study to date on the past, present, and future of women and sport. An ideal textbook for upper division undergraduate and graduate students as well as a timely reference for scholars and researchers, Women and Sport: Interdisciplinary Perspectivessets the record straight about the women's sport experience. More than 20 expert contributors examine, analyze, and synthesize the issues surrounding women and sport from historical, biomedical, psychological, and sociological perspectives. Part Idiscusses the historical and cultural foundations of women's sport from ancient times to the modern era, as seen through the eyes of the participants and general public. Part IIexamines biomedical considerations, touching on such topics as body composition, cardiovascular fitness, gender differences in muscular strength, exercise-induced amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. Part IIIanalyzes the psychosocial dimensions of women's sport, including sociocultural, political, and economic factors that have led to changes for women in sport and reviews the oppression historically experienced by women and men in sport. Although the book is designed primarily as a text for upper division undergraduate and graduate courses in women's sport studies, the comprehensive nature of Women and Sport: Interdisciplinary Perspectivesmakes it equally appropriate for sport sociology, sport history, general women's studies, and gender-oriented psychology, sociology, and anthropology classes. In addition, female sport participants who want to know more about how their own sporting heritage has been influenced by social, psychological, and biomedical factors will find the book valuable.