Search Results for "star-formation-world-scientific-series-in-astrophysics"

Star Formation

Star Formation

  • Author: Mark R Krumholz
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9813142057
  • Category:
  • Page: 528
  • View: 4849
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This book provides a modern introduction to the study of star formation, at a level suitable for graduate students or advanced undergraduates in astrophysics. The first third of the book provides a review of the observational phenomenology and then the basic physical processes that are important for star formation. The remainder then discusses the major observational results and theoretical models for star formation on scales from galactic down to planetary. The book includes recommendations for complementary reading from the research literature, as well as five problem sets with solutions. Request Inspection Copy

Formation and Evolution of Black Holes in the Galaxy

Formation and Evolution of Black Holes in the Galaxy

Selected Papers with Commentary

  • Author: Gerald Edward Brown,Chang-Hwan Lee
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789812382504
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 506
  • View: 8460
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In published papers H A Bethe and G E Brown worked out the collapse of large stars and supernova explosions. They went on to evolve binaries of compact stars, finding that in the standard scenario the first formed neutron star always went into a black hole in common envelope evolution. C-H Lee joined them in the study of black hole binaries and gamma ray bursts. They found the black holes to be the fossils of the gamma ray bursts. From their properties they could reconstruct features of the burst and of the accompanying hypernova explosions. This invaluable book contains 23 papers on astrophysics, chiefly on compact objects, written over 23 years. The papers are accompanied by illuminating commentary. In addition there is an appendix on kaon condensation which the editors believe to be relevant to the equation of state in neutron stars, and to explain why black holes are formed at relatively low masses.

Principles of Star Formation

Principles of Star Formation

  • Author: Peter Bodenheimer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783642150630
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 348
  • View: 491
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Understanding star formation is one of the key fields in present-day astrophysics. This book treats a wide variety of the physical processes involved, as well as the main observational discoveries, with key points being discussed in detail. The current star formation in our galaxy is emphasized, because the most detailed observations are available for this case. The book presents a comparison of the various scenarios for star formation, discusses the basic physics underlying each one, and follows in detail the history of a star from its initial state in the interstellar gas to its becoming a condensed object in equilibrium. Both theoretical and observational evidence to support the validity of the general evolutionary path are presented, and methods for comparing the two are emphasized. The author is a recognized expert in calculations of the evolution of protostars, the structure and evolution of disks, and stellar evolution in general. This book will be of value to graduate students in astronomy and astrophysics as well as to active researchers in the field.

The Encyclopedia of Cosmology

The Encyclopedia of Cosmology

  • Author: Giovanni G. Fazio
  • Publisher: World Scientific Series in Ast
  • ISBN: 9789814656191
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1400
  • View: 5474
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The Encyclopedia of Cosmology is a new and exciting project which will be a major, long-lasting, seminal reference (a set of four major volumes) at the graduate student level, laid out by the most prominent, respected researchers in the general field of Cosmology. These volumes will be a comprehensive review of the most important concepts and current status in the field of Cosmology of the Universe, covering both theory and observation.One of the most exciting parts of the encyclopedia is that it will exist in both print and, more importantly, electronic forms, perhaps even with some level of interactivity with material such as expanded explanations, movie clips, dynamic pictures, examples of on-line computation, etc. The electronic version will also reflect constant updates of the material. It will be a truly unique publication, unlike anything any of us have seen or known of in existence today.This comprehensive encyclopedia is edited by Dr. Giovanni Fazio from Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, with an advisory board comprised of renowned scientists: Lars Hernquist and Abraham Loeb (Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics), and Christopher McKee (UC Berkeley). Each volume is authored/edited by a specialist in the area: Galaxy Formation and Evolution by Rennan Barkana (Tel Aviv University), Numerical Simulations in Cosmology edited by Kentaro Nagamine (Osaka University / University of Nevada), Dark Energy edited by Shinji Tsujikawa (Tokyo University of Science), and Dark Matter by Jihn Kim (Seoul National University).

An Invitation to Astrophysics

An Invitation to Astrophysics

  • Author: Thanu Padmanabhan
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9812566384
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 362
  • View: 7385
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This unique book provides a clear and lucid description of several aspects of astrophysics and cosmology in a language understandable to a physicist or beginner in astrophysics. It presents the key topics in all branches of astrophysics and cosmology in a simple and concise language. The emphasis is on currently active research areas and exciting new frontiers rather than on more pedantic topics. Many complicated results are introduced with simple, novel derivations which strengthen the conceptual understanding of the subject. The book also contains over one hundred exercises which will help students in their self study.Undergraduate and graduate students in physics and astrophysics as well as all physicists who are interested in obtaining a quick grasp of astrophysical concepts will find this book useful.

From Black Clouds to Black Holes

From Black Clouds to Black Holes

Second Edition

  • Author: Jayant V Narlikar
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9813103191
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 172
  • View: 3258
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This book describes in nontechnical language one of the success stories of modern (twentieth-century) astronomy. It presents us with the physical picture of what constitutes a star, a description of how a star evolves with time, how its shape and brightness change, how it manufactures the chemical elements deep in its interior, what makes it explode… The presentation also includes exotic objects such as supernovae, pulsars, neutron stars and white dwarfs, and of course, black holes. This revised edition brings the discussion up to date with the inclusion of astronomical events like Supernova 1987A and findings from the Hubble Space Telescope as well as other observations. The book is appropriate as supplementary material for an elementary course on astronomy and astrophysics.

30 Years of the Landau Institute

30 Years of the Landau Institute

Selected Papers

  • Author: Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810222536
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 774
  • View: 2580
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The Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics was created in 1965 by a group of LD Landau's pupils. Very soon, it was widely recognized as one of the world's leading centers in theoretical physics. According to Science Magazine, the Institute in the eighties had the highest citation index among all the scientific organizations in the former Soviet Union. This collection of the best papers of the Institute reflects the development of the many directions in the exact sciences during the last 30 years. The reader can find the original formulations of well-known notions in condensed matter theory, quantum field theory, mathematical physics and astrophysics, which were introduced by members of the Landau Institute.The following are some of the achievements described in this book: monopoles (A Polyakov), instantons (A Belavin et al.), weak crystallization (S Brazovskii), spin superfluidity (I Fomin), finite band potentials (S Novikov) and paraconductivity (A Larkin, L Aslamasov).

The Chaotic Universe

The Chaotic Universe

Proceedings of the Second ICRA Network Workshop, Rome, Pescara, Italy, 1-5 February 1999

  • Author: V. G. Gurzadyan,Remo Ruffini
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810242558
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 668
  • View: 5982
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This unique volume is a collection of papers on various problems in astrophysics and cosmology ? from planetary motion to the arrow of time ? that are closely linked by the common spirit, technique and methodology of chaos.

Dust in the Universe

Dust in the Universe

Similarities and Differences

  • Author: K. S. Krishna Swamy
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9812562931
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 8083
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- First book to present a comprehensive study of dust in the universe

Accessory to War: The Unspoken Alliance Between Astrophysics and the Military

Accessory to War: The Unspoken Alliance Between Astrophysics and the Military

  • Author: Neil deGrasse Tyson,Avis Lang
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 039328543X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 411
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An exploration of the age-old complicity between skywatchers and warfighters, from the best-selling author of Astrophysics for People in a Hurry. In this fascinating foray into the centuries-old relationship between science and military power, acclaimed astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson and writer-researcher Avis Lang examine how the methods and tools of astrophysics have been enlisted in the service of war. "The overlap is strong, and the knowledge flows in both directions," say the authors, because astrophysicists and military planners care about many of the same things: multi-spectral detection, ranging, tracking, imaging, high ground, nuclear fusion, and access to space. Tyson and Lang call it a "curiously complicit" alliance. "The universe is both the ultimate frontier and the highest of high grounds," they write. "Shared by both space scientists and space warriors, it’s a laboratory for one and a battlefield for the other. The explorer wants to understand it; the soldier wants to dominate it. But without the right technology—which is more or less the same technology for both parties—nobody can get to it, operate in it, scrutinize it, dominate it, or use it to their advantage and someone else’s disadvantage." Spanning early celestial navigation to satellite-enabled warfare, Accessory to War is a richly researched and provocative examination of the intersection of science, technology, industry, and power that will introduce Tyson’s millions of fans to yet another dimension of how the universe has shaped our lives and our world.

Exploring the Universe

Exploring the Universe

A Festschrift in Honor of Riccardo Giacconi

  • Author: Herbert Gursky,Remo Ruffini,Luigi Stella
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810244231
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 383
  • View: 6785
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This volume is dedicated to Riccardo Giacconi for his sixty-fifth birthday, on the occasion of his being awarded a ?Laurea Honoris Causa? in physics at the University of Rome ?La Sapienza?. A meeting was held in his honor, and presentations were given that reflected the state-of-the-art of research on subjects related to Giacconi's scientific interests and achievements through the decades. This volume is based upon the papers presented at that meeting. It provides a tribute to Riccardo Giacconi for his outstanding contributions towards opening up the entire field of high energy astrophysics.

How Did the First Stars and Galaxies Form?

How Did the First Stars and Galaxies Form?

  • Author: Abraham Loeb
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400834068
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 7657
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Though astrophysicists have developed a theoretical framework for understanding how the first stars and galaxies formed, only now are we able to begin testing those theories with actual observations of the very distant, early universe. We are entering a new and exciting era of discovery that will advance the frontiers of knowledge, and this book couldn't be more timely. It covers all the basic concepts in cosmology, drawing on insights from an astronomer who has pioneered much of this research over the past two decades. Abraham Loeb starts from first principles, tracing the theoretical foundations of cosmology and carefully explaining the physics behind them. Topics include the gravitational growth of perturbations in an expanding universe, the abundance and properties of dark matter halos and galaxies, reionization, the observational methods used to detect the earliest galaxies and probe the diffuse gas between them--and much more. Cosmology seeks to solve the fundamental mystery of our cosmic origins. This book offers a succinct and accessible primer at a time when breathtaking technological advances promise a wealth of new observational data on the first stars and galaxies. Provides a concise introduction to cosmology Covers all the basic concepts Gives an overview of the gravitational growth of perturbations in an expanding universe Explains the process of reionization Describes the observational methods used to detect the earliest galaxies

A Career in Theoretical Physics

A Career in Theoretical Physics

  • Author: Philip W. Anderson
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810217181
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 678
  • View: 7249
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Theory of ferroelectric behaviour of barium titanate. Use of stochastic methods in line broadening problems. Theory of dirty superconductors.

Stellar Spectral Classification

Stellar Spectral Classification

  • Author: Richard O. Gray,Christopher J. Corbally,Adam J. Burgasser
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691125114
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 592
  • View: 2533
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Written by leading experts in the field, Stellar Spectral Classification is the only book to comprehensively discuss both the foundations and most up-to-date techniques of MK and other spectral classification systems. Definitive and encyclopedic, the book introduces the astrophysics of spectroscopy, reviews the entire field of stellar astronomy, and shows how the well-tested methods of spectral classification are a powerful discovery tool for graduate students and researchers working in astronomy and astrophysics. The book begins with a historical survey, followed by chapters discussing the entire range of stellar phenomena, from brown dwarfs to supernovae. The authors account for advances in the field, including the addition of the L and T dwarf classes; the revision of the carbon star, Wolf-Rayet, and white dwarf classification schemes; and the application of neural nets to spectral classification. Copious figures illustrate the morphology of stellar spectra, and the book incorporates recent discoveries from earth-based and satellite data. Many examples of spectra are given in the red, ultraviolet, and infrared regions, as well as in the traditional blue-violet optical region, all of which are useful for researchers identifying stellar and galactic spectra. This essential reference includes a glossary, handy appendixes and tables, an index, and a Web-based resource of spectra. In addition to the authors, the contributors are Adam J. Burgasser, Margaret M. Hanson, J. Davy Kirkpatrick, and Nolan R. Walborn.

Dark Matter and Cosmic Web Story

Dark Matter and Cosmic Web Story

  • Author: Jaan Einasto
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814551066
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 364
  • View: 5210
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The concepts of dark matter and the cosmic web are some of the most significant developments in cosmology in the past century. They have decisively changed the classical cosmological paradigm, which was first elaborated upon during the first half of the 20th century but ran into serious problems in the second half. Today, they are integral parts of modern cosmology, which explains everything from the Big Bang to inflation to the large scale structure of the Universe. Dark Matter and Cosmic Web Story describes the contributions that led to a paradigm shift from the Eastern point of view. It describes the problems with the classical view, the attempts to solve them, the difficulties encountered by those solutions, and the conferences where the merits of the new concepts were debated. Amidst the science, the story of scientific work in a small country occupied by the Soviet Union and the tumultuous events that led to its breakup are detailed as well. This book is accompanied by a website which contains additional material: copies of the originals of some crucial papers, astronomical movies, and movies which showcase the private life of the author. The link is given below: http://www.aai.ee/~einasto/DarkMatter/ Contents:PrologueClassical Cosmological ParadigmGalactic Models and Dark Matter in the Solar VicinityGlobal Dark MatterThe Cosmic WebThe Nature of Dark MatterThe Structure of the Cosmic WebCosmic Inflation, Dark Energy and the Evolution of the UniverseEpilogue Readership: Students and professionals in astrophysics, cosmology and physics; non-experts interested in the history of science, and the life and social activity of scientists in a country occupied by Soviet Union for 50 years. Keywords:Dark Matter;Cosmic Web;Large-Scale Structure of the UniverseKey Features:The development of the concepts of dark matter and the cosmic web as a change in the worldview (paradigm) in cosmology is describedA personal view of the development of dark matter and cosmic web concepts as seen by a non-Western scientistDescription of scientific work and social activity in a small country occupied by the Soviet Union; the participation of scientists in processes which led to the collapse of the Soviet Empire, and to the end of the Cold WarReviews: “A deeply humane but also political account, the book offers a fascinating insider tour into one of the most important processes of cosmology. Einasto a pioneer of dark matter research offers a thorough scientific description of the discovery of dark matter.” Anne Liljeström Editor Stars and Universe “A fascinating combination of the scientific history of dark matter with personal recollections, by an author who was there both for the discovery of DM and for the (singing revolution) in Estonia.” Virginia Trimble Professor of Astronomy University of California, Irvine

Galaxies, Quasars, and Cosmology

Galaxies, Quasars, and Cosmology

  • Author: Lizhi Fang
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789971978938
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 221
  • View: 3985
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This volume comprises lectures delivered at the First Equatorial School of Relativistic Astrophysics. It covers various topics related to observational and theoretical problems of galaxies, quasars and cosmology. The aim is to analyze current problems.

Dynamics and Evolution of Galactic Nuclei

Dynamics and Evolution of Galactic Nuclei

  • Author: David Merritt
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400846129
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 309
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Deep within galaxies like the Milky Way, astronomers have found a fascinating legacy of Einstein's general theory of relativity: supermassive black holes. Connected to the evolution of the galaxies that contain these black holes, galactic nuclei are the sites of uniquely energetic events, including quasars, stellar tidal disruptions, and the generation of gravitational waves. This textbook is the first comprehensive introduction to dynamical processes occurring in the vicinity of supermassive black holes in their galactic environment. Filling a critical gap, it is an authoritative resource for astrophysics and physics graduate students, and researchers focusing on galactic nuclei, the astrophysics of massive black holes, galactic dynamics, and gravitational wave detection. It is an ideal text for an advanced graduate-level course on galactic nuclei and as supplementary reading in graduate-level courses on high-energy astrophysics and galactic dynamics. David Merritt summarizes the theoretical work of the last three decades on the evolution of galactic nuclei, the formation of massive black holes, and the interaction between black holes and stars. He explores in depth such important topics as observations of galactic nuclei, dynamical models, weighing black holes, motion near supermassive black holes, evolution of nuclei due to gravitational encounters, loss cone theory, and binary supermassive black holes. Self-contained and up-to-date, the textbook includes a summary of the current literature and previously unpublished work by the author. For researchers working on active galactic nuclei, galaxy evolution, and the generation of gravitational waves, this book will be an essential resource.

The Tai Chi in Star Formation

The Tai Chi in Star Formation

  • Author: Hua-bai Li
  • Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 1681742942
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 64
  • View: 1164
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Tai Chi, a Chinese martial art developed based on the laws of nature, emphasises how 'to conquer the unyielding with the yielding.' The recent observation of star formation shows that stars result from the interaction between gravity, turbulence and magnetic fields. This interaction again follows the natural rules that inspired Tai Chi. For example, if self-gravity is the force that dominates, the molecular cloud will collapse isotropically, which compresses magnetic field lines. The density of the yielding field lines increases until magnetic pressure reaches the critical value to support the cloud against the gravitational force in directions perpendicular to the field lines (Lorentz force). Then gravity gives way to Lorentz force, accumulating gas only along the field lines till the gas density achieves the critical value to again compress the field lines. The Tai Chi goes on in a self similar way.

Stellar Evolution, Nuclear Astrophysics, and Nucleogenesis

Stellar Evolution, Nuclear Astrophysics, and Nucleogenesis

  • Author: A. G. W. Cameron,David Miles Kahl,Jordi Jose
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486498557
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 206
  • View: 2548
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Along with classic papers byFowler, Hoyle, and the Burbidges,this work stands as a key foundationin the development of nuclear astrophysics. Long out ofprint and very hard to find, this remarkable work has beenedited and re-typeset by an atomic expert. Now availablein an affordable paperback edition for the very first time,it addresses interrelated questions — What are stars? Howdoes the sun shine? Why is gold so rare, and Where did theelements come from? — that have puzzled observers fromtime immemorial.Edited and re-typeset reprint of the original Atomic Energy ofCanada, Ltd., 1957 edition.

Hot Interstellar Matter in Elliptical Galaxies

Hot Interstellar Matter in Elliptical Galaxies

  • Author: Dong-Woo Kim,Silvia Pellegrini
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461405807
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 4334
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Based on a number of new discoveries resulting from 10 years of Chandra and XMM-Newton observations and corresponding theoretical works, this is the first book to address significant progress in the research of the Hot Interstellar Matter in Elliptical Galaxies. A fundamental understanding of the physical properties of the hot ISM in elliptical galaxies is critical, because they are directly related to the formation and evolution of elliptical galaxies via star formation episodes, environmental effects such as stripping, infall, and mergers, and the growth of super-massive black holes. Thanks to the outstanding spatial resolution of Chandra and the large collecting area of XMM-Newton, various fine structures of the hot gas have been imaged in detail and key physical quantities have been accurately measured, allowing theoretical interpretations/predictions to be compared and tested against observational results. This book will bring all readers up-to-date on this essential field of research.