Search Results for "stategraphy-toward-a-relational-anthropology-of-the-state-studies-in-social-analysis"

Stategraphy

Stategraphy

Toward a Relational Anthropology of the State

  • Author: Tatjana Thelen,Larissa Vetters,Keebet von Benda-Beckmann
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785337017
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 164
  • View: 8847
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Stategraphy-the ethnographic exploration of relational modes, boundary work, and forms of embeddedness of actors-offers crucial analytical avenues for researching the state. By exploring interactions and negotiations of local actors in different institutional settings, the contributors explore state transformations in relation to social security in a variety of locations spanning from Russia, Eastern Europe, and the Balkans to the United Kingdom and France. Fusing grounded empirical studies with rigorous theorizing, the volume provides new perspectives to broader related debates in social research and political analysis.

The Anthropology of Music

The Anthropology of Music

  • Author: Alan P. Merriam
  • Publisher: Northwestern University Press
  • ISBN: 9780810106079
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 358
  • View: 8018
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This is a comprehensive approach to music from the point of view of anthropology. The author maintains that ethnomusicology, by definition, must not divorce the sound-analysis of music from its cultural context of people thinking, acting, and creating.

The Interpretation of Cultures

The Interpretation of Cultures

  • Author: Clifford Geertz
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0465093566
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 2376
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In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

The Methods of Ethnology

The Methods of Ethnology

  • Author: Franz Boas
  • Publisher: Read Books Ltd
  • ISBN: 1473378206
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 21
  • View: 806
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This early work by Franz Boas was originally published in 1920 and we are now republishing it with a brand new introductory biography. 'The Methods of Ethnology' is a work on the techniques of anthropology. Franz Boas was born on July 9th 1958, in Minden, Westphalia. Even though Boas had a passion the natural sciences, he enrolled at the University at Kiel as an undergraduate in Physics. Boas completed his degree with a dissertation on the optical properties of water, before continuing his studies and receiving his doctorate in 1881. Boas became a professor of Anthropology at Columbia University in 1899 and founded the first Ph.D program in anthropology in America. He was also a leading figure in the creation of the American Anthropological Association (AAA). Franz Boas had a long career and a great impact on many areas of study. He died on 21st December 1942.

Reconnecting State and Kinship

Reconnecting State and Kinship

  • Author: Tatjana Thelen,Erdmute Alber
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812249518
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 5657
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Reconnecting State and Kinship seeks to overcome the traditional dichotomy between state and kinship, asking whether concepts associated with one sphere surface in the other, tracking the evolution of these concepts through time and space, and exploring how this binary is reinforced within the social sciences.

When the State Winks

When the State Winks

The Performance of Jewish Conversion in Israel

  • Author: Michal Kravel-Tovi
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231544812
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 310
  • View: 8946
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Religious conversion is often associated with ideals of religious sincerity. But in a society in which religious belonging is entangled with ethnonational citizenship and confers political privilege, a convert might well have multilayered motives. Over the last two decades, mass non-Jewish immigration to Israel, especially from the former Soviet Union, has sparked heated debates over the Jewish state’s conversion policy and intensified suspicion of converts’ sincerity. When the State Winks carefully traces the performance of state-endorsed Orthodox conversion to highlight the collaborative labor that goes into the making of the Israeli state and its Jewish citizens. In a rich ethnographic narrative based on fieldwork in conversion schools, rabbinic courts, and ritual bathhouses, Michal Kravel-Tovi follows conversion candidates—mostly secular young women from a former Soviet background—and state conversion agents, mostly religious Zionists caught between the contradictory demands of their nationalist and religious commitments. She complicates the popular perception that conversion is a “wink-wink” relationship in which both sides agree to treat the converts’ pretenses of observance as real. Instead, she demonstrates how their interdependent performances blur any clear boundary between sincere and empty conversions. Alongside detailed ethnography, When the State Winks develops new ways to think about the complex connection between religious conversion and the nation-state. Kravel-Tovi emphasizes how state power and morality is managed through “winking”—the subtle exchanges and performances that animate everyday institutional encounters between state and citizen. In a country marked by tension between official religiosity and a predominantly secular Jewish population, winking permits the state to save its Jewish face.

Inside Asylum Bureaucracy: Organizing Refugee Status Determination in Austria

Inside Asylum Bureaucracy: Organizing Refugee Status Determination in Austria

  • Author: Julia Dahlvik
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319633066
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 4274
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This open access monograph provides sociological insight into governmental action on the administration of asylum in the European context. It offers an in-depth understanding of how decision-making officials encounter and respond to structural contradictions in the asylum procedure produced by diverging legal, political, and administrative objectives. The study focuses on structural aspects on the one hand, such as legal and organisational elements, and aspects of agency on the other hand, examining the social practices and processes going on at the frontside and the backside of the administrative asylum system. Coverage is based on a case study using ethnographic methods, including qualitative interviews, participant observation, as well as artefact analysis. This case study is positioned within a broader context and allows for comparison within and beyond the European system, building a bridge to the international scientific community. In addition, the author links the empirical findings to sociological theory. She explains the identified patterns of social practice in asylum administration along the theories of social practices, social construction and structuration. This helps to contribute to the often missing theoretical development in this particular field of research. Overall, this book provides a sociological contribution to a key issue in today's debate on immigration in Europe and beyond. It will appeal to researchers, policy makers, administrators, and practitioners as well as students and readers interested in immigration and asylum.

Archives, Ancestors, Practices

Archives, Ancestors, Practices

Archaeology in the Light of its History

  • Author: Nathan Schlanger,Jarl Nordbladh
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 0857450654
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 2309
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In line with the resurgence of interest in the history of archaeology manifested over the past decade, this volume aims to highlight state-of-the art research across several topics and areas, and to stimulate new approaches and studies in the field. With their shared historiographical commitment, the authors, leading scholars and emerging researchers, draw from a wide range of case studies to address major themes such as historical sources and methods; questions of archaeological practices and the practical aspects of knowledge production; 'visualizing archaeology' and the multiple roles of iconography and imagery; and 'questions of identity' at local, national and international levels.

The Darjeeling Distinction

The Darjeeling Distinction

Labor and Justice on Fair-Trade Tea Plantations in India

  • Author: Sarah Besky
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520277392
  • Category: Cooking
  • Page: 233
  • View: 8195
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Nestled in the Himalayan foothills of Northeast India, Darjeeling is synonymous with some of the finest and most expensive tea in the world. It is also home to a violent movement for regional autonomy that, like the tea industry, dates back to the days of colonial rule. In this nuanced ethnography, Sarah Besky narrates the lives of tea workers in Darjeeling. She explores how notions of fairness, value, and justice shifted with the rise of fair-trade practices and postcolonial separatist politics in the region. This is the first book to explore how fair-trade operates in the context of large-scale plantations. Readers in a variety of disciplines—anthropology, sociology, geography, environmental studies, and food studies—will gain a critical perspective on how plantation life is changing as Darjeeling struggles to reinvent its signature commodity for twenty-first-century consumers. The Darjeeling Distinction challenges fair-trade policy and practice, exposing how trade initiatives often fail to consider the larger environmental, historical, and sociopolitical forces that shape the lives of the people they intended to support.

From the Midwife?s Bag to the Patient?s File

From the Midwife?s Bag to the Patient?s File

Public Health in Eastern Europe

  • Author: Friederike Kind-Kov cs,Heike Karge
  • Publisher: Central European University Press
  • ISBN: 9633862094
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 358
  • View: 3531
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This volume offers an analysis of the intertwined relationship between public health and the biopolitical dimensions of state- and nation building in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It challenges the idea of diverging paths towards modernity of Europe?s western and eastern countries by not only identifying ideas, discourses and practices of ?solving? public health issues that were shared among political regimes in the region; it also uncovers the ways in which, since the late nineteenth century, the biopolitical organization of the state both originated from and shaped an emerging common European framework. The broad range of local case studies stretches from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czechoslovakia, the GDR, Greece, and Hungary, to Poland, Serbia, the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia. Taking a time span that begins in the late nineteenth century and ends in the post-socialist era, the book makes an original contribution to scholarship examining the relationship between public health, medicine, and state- and nation building in Europe?s long twentieth century. Close readings and dense descriptions of local discourses and practices of ?public? health help to reflect on the transnational and global entanglements in the sphere of public health. In doing so, this volume facilitates comparisons on the regional, European, and global level. ÿ

Animism beyond the Soul

Animism beyond the Soul

Ontology, Reflexivity, and the Making of Anthropological Knowledge

  • Author: Katherine Swancutt,Mireille Mazard
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1785338676
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 160
  • View: 8653
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How might we envision animism through the lens of the ‘anthropology of anthropology’? The contributors to this volume offer compelling case studies that demonstrate how indigenous animistic practices, concepts, traditions, and ontologies are co-authored in highly reflexive ways by anthropologists and their interlocutors. They explore how native epistemologies, which inform anthropological notions during fieldwork, underpin the dialogues between researchers and their participants. In doing so, the contributors reveal ways in which indigenous thinkers might be influenced by anthropological concepts of the soul and, equally, how they might subtly or dramatically then transform those same concepts within anthropological theory.

Our Indigenous Ancestors

Our Indigenous Ancestors

A Cultural History of Museums, Science, and Identity in Argentina, 1877–1943

  • Author: Carolyne R. Larson
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271073179
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 3674
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Our Indigenous Ancestors complicates the history of the erasure of native cultures and the perceived domination of white, European heritage in Argentina through a study of anthropology museums in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Carolyne Larson demonstrates how scientists, collectors, the press, and the public engaged with Argentina’s native American artifacts and remains (and sometimes living peoples) in the process of constructing an “authentic” national heritage. She explores the founding and functioning of three museums in Argentina, as well as the origins and consolidation of Argentine archaeology and the professional lives of a handful of dynamic curators and archaeologists, using these institutions and individuals as a window onto nation building, modernization, urban-rural tensions, and problems of race and ethnicity in turn-of-the-century Argentina. Museums and archaeology, she argues, allowed Argentine elites to build a modern national identity distinct from the country’s indigenous past, even as it rested on a celebrated, extinct version of that past. As Larson shows, contrary to widespread belief, elements of Argentina’s native American past were reshaped and integrated into the construction of Argentine national identity as white and European at the turn of the century. Our Indigenous Ancestors provides a unique look at the folklore movement, nation building, science, institutional change, and the divide between elite, scientific, and popular culture in Argentina and the Americas at a time of rapid, sweeping changes in Latin American culture and society.

Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers

Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers

  • Author: J.M. Steele
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401595283
  • Category: History
  • Page: 324
  • View: 3320
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Eclipses have long been seen as important celestial phenomena, whether as omens affecting the future of kingdoms, or as useful astronomical events to help in deriving essential parameters for theories of the motion of the moon and sun. This is the first book to collect together all presently known records of timed eclipse observations and predictions from antiquity to the time of the invention of the telescope. In addition to cataloguing and assessing the accuracy of the various records, which come from regions as diverse as Ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Europe, the sources in which they are found are described in detail. Related questions such as what type of clocks were used to time the observations, how the eclipse predictions were made, and how these prediction schemes were derived from the available observations are also considered. The results of this investigation have important consequences for how we understand the relationship between observation and theory in early science and the role of astronomy in early cultures, and will be of interest to historians of science, astronomers, and ancient and medieval historians.

Political and Legal Transformations of an Indonesian Polity

Political and Legal Transformations of an Indonesian Polity

The Nagari from Colonisation to Decentralisation

  • Author: Franz von Benda-Beckmann,Keebet von Benda-Beckmann
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107038596
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 499
  • View: 5551
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Explores the relationships between matrilineal, Islamic and state law and investigates the dynamics of legal pluralism, governance and property relationships.

Geontologies

Geontologies

A Requiem to Late Liberalism

  • Author: Elizabeth A. Povinelli
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822373815
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 7383
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In Geontologies Elizabeth A. Povinelli continues her project of mapping the current conditions of late liberalism by offering a bold retheorization of power. Finding Foucauldian biopolitics unable to adequately reveal contemporary mechanisms of power and governance, Povinelli describes a mode of power she calls geontopower, which operates through the regulation of the distinction between Life and Nonlife and the figures of the Desert, the Animist, and the Virus. Geontologies examines this formation of power from the perspective of Indigenous Australian maneuvers against the settler state. And it probes how our contemporary critical languages—anthropogenic climate change, plasticity, new materialism, antinormativity—often unwittingly transform their struggles against geontopower into a deeper entwinement within it. A woman who became a river, a snakelike entity who spawns the fog, plesiosaurus fossils and vast networks of rock weirs: in asking how these different forms of existence refuse incorporation into the vocabularies of Western theory Povinelli provides a revelatory new way to understand a form of power long self-evident in certain regimes of settler late liberalism but now becoming visible much further beyond.

Death Rituals, Social Order and the Archaeology of Immortality in the Ancient World

Death Rituals, Social Order and the Archaeology of Immortality in the Ancient World

'Death Shall Have No Dominion'

  • Author: Colin Renfrew,Michael J. Boyd,Iain Morley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316368629
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8405
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Modern archaeology has amassed considerable evidence for the disposal of the dead through burials, cemeteries and other monuments. Drawing on this body of evidence, this book offers fresh insight into how early human societies conceived of death and the afterlife. The twenty-seven essays in this volume consider the rituals and responses to death in prehistoric societies across the world, from eastern Asia through Europe to the Americas, and from the very earliest times before developed religious beliefs offered scriptural answers to these questions. Compiled and written by leading prehistorians and archaeologists, this volume traces the emergence of death as a concept in early times, as well as a contributing factor to the formation of communities and social hierarchies, and sometimes the creation of divinities.

Affective States

Affective States

Entanglements, Suspensions, Suspicions

  • Author: Mateusz Laszczkowski,Madeleine Reeves
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 178533719X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 158
  • View: 2113
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In recent years, political and social theory has been transformed by the heterogeneous approaches to feeling and emotion jointly referred to as 'affect theory'. These range from psychological and social-constructivist approaches to emotion to feminist and post-human perspectives. Covering a wide spectrum of topics and ethnographic contexts-from engineering in the Andes to household rituals in rural China, from South African land restitution to migrant living in Moscow, and from elections in El Salvador to online and offline surveillance among political refugees from Uzbekistan and Eritrea-the chapters in this volume interrogate this 'affective turn' through the lens of fine-grained ethnographies of the state. The volume enhances the anthropological understanding of the various ways through which the state comes to be experienced as a visceral presence in social life.

Rules of Law and Laws of Ruling

Rules of Law and Laws of Ruling

On the Governance of Law

  • Author: Prof Dr Julia Eckert,Professor Franz von Benda-Beckmann,Professor Keebet von Benda-Beckmann
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409496554
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 302
  • View: 3678
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Offering an anthropological perspective, this volume explores the changing relations between law and governance, examining how changes in the structure of governance affect the relative social significance of law within situations of legal pluralism. The authors argue that there has been a re-regulation rather than a de-regulation, propagated by a plurality of regulative authorities and this re-regulation is accompanied by an increasing ideological dominance of rights talk and juridification of conflict. Drawing on insights into such processes, this volume explores the extent to which law is used both as a constitutive legitimation of governance and as the medium through which governance processes take place. Highlighting some of the paradoxes and the unintended consequences of these regulating processes and the ensuing dynamics, Rules of Law and Laws of Ruling will be a valuable resource for researchers and students working in the areas of legal anthropology and governance.

Introduction to Paleoanthropology

Introduction to Paleoanthropology

As Appears on Wikibooks, a Project of Wikipedia

  • Author: David Speakman
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780980070750
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 132
  • View: 5730
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This volume offers a comprehensive introduction to Paleoanthropology. Introduction to Paleoanthropology is one of the very few Wikibooks to gain the coveted "Featured Books" rating by the administrators of Wikibooks, a project of Wikipedia, attesting to its highly developed and comprehensive nature. This book can be used as an excellent High School or College level textbook, reference work, and/or a volume for general reading and learning. As a subset of physical anthropology, this field relies on the following: . Research Design: Understanding Human Evolution Evolution of hominoids from other primates starting around 8 million to 6 million years ago . Importance of physical anthropology Evidence of hominoid activity between 8 and 2.5 million years ago usually only consists of bone remains available for study. Because of this very incomplete picture of the time period from the fossil record, various aspects of physical anthropology (osteometry, evolutionary framework) are essential to explain evolution during these first millions of years. Evolution during this time is considered as the result of natural forces only. . Importance of related disciplines Paleoanthropologists need to be well-versed in other scientific disciplines and methods, including ecology, biology, genetics and primatology. Through several million years of evolution, humans eventually became a unique species. This process is similar to the evolution of other animals that are adapted to specific environments or "ecological niches." Animals adapted to niches usually play a specialized part in their ecosystem and rely on a specialized diet. Wikibooks is a collaborative book authoring website, where users from all overthe world work together to write textbooks and other types of instructional books on many topics. It is a Wikimedia project, operated by the same group of people who run Wikipedia, the Wikimedia Foundation. Wikibooks went online on 10 July 2003. Wikibooks is a collection of open-content textbooks. Wikipedia attracts 683 million visitors annually reading over 10 million articles in 253 languages, comprising a combined total of over 1.74 billion words for all Wikipedias. The English Wikipedia edition passed the 2,000,000- article mark on September 9, 2007, and as of May 31, 2008 it had over 2,396,000 articles consisting of over 1,034,000,000 words. This volume is published by Seven Treasures Publications, an independent book publisher unaffiliated with the Wikipedia Foundation, under the terms of the GNU license.

The Rise and Fall of Adam and Eve

The Rise and Fall of Adam and Eve

  • Author: Stephen Greenblatt
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 0393634582
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3730
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Stephen Greenblatt—Pulitzer Prize– and National Book Award–winning author of The Swerve and Will in the World—investigates the life of one of humankind’s greatest stories. Bolder, even, than the ambitious books for which Stephen Greenblatt is already renowned, The Rise and Fall of Adam and Eve explores the enduring story of humanity’s first parents. Comprising only a few ancient verses, the story of Adam and Eve has served as a mirror in which we seem to glimpse the whole, long history of our fears and desires, as both a hymn to human responsibility and a dark fable about human wretchedness. Tracking the tale into the deep past, Greenblatt uncovers the tremendous theological, artistic, and cultural investment over centuries that made these fictional figures so profoundly resonant in the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim worlds and, finally, so very “real” to millions of people even in the present. With the uncanny brilliance he previously brought to his depictions of William Shakespeare and Poggio Bracciolini (the humanist monk who is the protagonist of The Swerve), Greenblatt explores the intensely personal engagement of Augustine, Dürer, and Milton in this mammoth project of collective creation, while he also limns the diversity of the story’s offspring: rich allegory, vicious misogyny, deep moral insight, and some of the greatest triumphs of art and literature. The biblical origin story, Greenblatt argues, is a model for what the humanities still have to offer: not the scientific nature of things, but rather a deep encounter with problems that have gripped our species for as long as we can recall and that continue to fascinate and trouble us today.