Search Results for "streets-and-the-shaping-of-towns-and-cities"

Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities

Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities

  • Author: Michael Southworth,Eran Ben-Joseph
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • ISBN: 9781610911092
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 208
  • View: 1677
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The topic of streets and street design is of compelling interest today as public officials, developers, and community activists seek to reshape urban patterns to achieve more sustainable forms of growth and development. Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities traces ideas about street design and layout back to the early industrial era in London suburbs and then on through their institutionalization in housing and transportation planning in the United States. It critiques the situation we are in and suggests some ways out that are less rigidly controlled, more flexible, and responsive to local conditions. Originally published in 1997, this edition includes a new introduction that addresses topics of current interest including revised standards from the Institute of Transportation Engineers; changes in city plans and development standards following New Urbanist, Smart Growth, and sustainability principles; traffic calming; and ecologically oriented street design.

Regulating Place

Regulating Place

Standards and the Shaping of Urban America

  • Author: Eran Ben-Joseph,Terry S. Szold
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415948746
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 387
  • View: 7603
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Tracing how codes arose when they did, and how they were adapted over time, the authors examine the increasing influence of regulatory codes over urban design and planning in the past century.

Companion to Urban Design

Companion to Urban Design

  • Author: Tridib Banerjee,Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136920080
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 736
  • View: 6829
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Today the practice of urban design has forged a distinctive identity with applications at many different scales – ranging from the block or street scale to the scale of metropolitan and regional landscapes. Urban design interfaces many aspects of contemporary public policy – multiculturalism, healthy cities, environmental justice, economic development, climate change, energy conservations, protection of natural environments, sustainable development, community liveability, and the like. The field now comprises a core body of knowledge that enfolds a right history of ideas, paradigms, principles, tools, research and applications, enriched by electric influences from the humanities, and social and natural sciences. Companion to Urban Design includes more than fifty original contributions from internationally recognized authorities in the field. These contributions address the following questions: What are the important ideas that have shaped the field and the current practice of urban design? What are the major methods and processes that have influenced the practice of urban design at various scales? What are the current innovations relevant to the pedagogy of urban design? What are the lingering debates, conflicts ad contradictions in the theory and practice of urban design? How could urban design respond to the contemporary challenges of climate change, sustainability, active living initiatives, globalization, and the like? What are the significant disciplinary influences on the theory, research and practice of urban design in recent times? There has never before been a more authoritative and comprehensive companion that includes core, foundational and pioneering ideas and concepts of urban design. This book serves as an invaluable guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students, future professionals, and practitioners interested in architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning, but also in urban studies, urban affairs, geography, and related fields.

Zoned in the USA

Zoned in the USA

The Origins and Implications of American Land-Use Regulation

  • Author: Sonia A. Hirt
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801454700
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 1256
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Why are American cities, suburbs, and towns so distinct? Compared to European cities, those in the United States are characterized by lower densities and greater distances; neat, geometric layouts; an abundance of green space; a greater level of social segregation reflected in space; and—perhaps most noticeably—a greater share of individual, single-family detached housing. In Zoned in the USA, Sonia A. Hirt argues that zoning laws are among the important but understudied reasons for the cross-continental differences. Hirt shows that rather than being imported from Europe, U.S. municipal zoning law was in fact an institution that quickly developed its own, distinctly American profile. A distinct spatial culture of individualism—founded on an ideal of separate, single-family residences apart from the dirt and turmoil of industrial and agricultural production—has driven much of municipal regulation, defined land-use, and, ultimately, shaped American life. Hirt explores municipal zoning from a comparative and international perspective, drawing on archival resources and contemporary land-use laws from England, Germany, France, Australia, Russia, Canada, and Japan to challenge assumptions about American cities and the laws that guide them.

ReThinking a Lot

ReThinking a Lot

The Design and Culture of Parking

  • Author: Eran Ben-Joseph
  • Publisher: Mit Press
  • ISBN: 9780262527545
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 184
  • View: 7243
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There are an estimated 600,000,000 passenger cars in the world, and that number is increasing every day. So too is Earth's supply of parking spaces. In some cities, parking lots cover more than one-third of the metropolitan footprint. It's official: we have paved paradise and put up a parking lot. In ReThinking a Lot, Eran Ben-Joseph shares a different vision for parking's future. Parking lots, he writes, are ripe for transformation. After all, their design and function has not been rethought since the 1950s. With this book, Ben-Joseph pushes the parking lot into the twenty-first century. Ben-Joseph shows that parking lots can be aesthetically pleasing, environmentally and architecturally responsible, and used for something other than car storage. He introduces us to some of the many alternative and nonparking purposes that parking lots have served -- from RV campgrounds to stages for "Shakespeare in the Parking Lot." He shows us parking lots that are lushly planted with trees and flowers and beautifully integrated with the rest of the built environment. With purposeful design, Ben-Joseph argues, parking lots could be significant public places, contributing as much to their communities as great boulevards, parks, or plazas. For all the acreage they cover, parking lots have received scant attention. It's time to change that; it's time to rethink the lot.

Public and Private Spaces of the City

Public and Private Spaces of the City

  • Author: Ali Madanipour
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134519869
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6835
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The relationship between public and private spheres is one of the key concerns of the modern society. This book investigates this relationship, especially as manifested in the urban space with its social and psychological significance. Through theoretical and historical examination, it explores how and why the space of human socities is subdivided into public and private sections. It starts with the private, interior space of the mind and moves step by step, through the body, home, neighborhood and the city, outwards to the most public, impersonal spaces, exploring the nature of each realm and their complex, interdependent realtionships. A stimulating and thought provoking book for any architect, architectural historian, urban planner or designer.

The Moral Economy of Cities

The Moral Economy of Cities

Shaping Good Citizens

  • Author: Evelyn Sharon Ruppert
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 0802038867
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 292
  • View: 2978
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Using the redevelopment of the Yonge-Dundas intersection in downtown Toronto in the mid-1990s as a case study, Ruppert examines the language of planners, urban designers, architects, and marketing analysts to reveal the extent to which moralization legitimizes these professions in the public eye.

Governance, Pianificazione e Valutazione Strategica

Governance, Pianificazione e Valutazione Strategica

Sviluppo sostenibile e governance nella pianificazione urbanistica

  • Author: Corrado Zoppi
  • Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa
  • ISBN: 8849264178
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 384
  • View: 7692
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Elemento di significativa innovazione che la Valutazione ambientale strategica (VAS) propone al campo disciplinare della pianificazione territoriale è l'impostazione plurale e partecipativa del processo valutativo, che si pone non come esogeno rispetto al processo stesso, ma come parte qualificante e fondante. Una partecipazione che non è prerogativa di pochi, che non è il teatrino, falso e autoreferenziale, di processi decisionali già sviluppati e sostanzialmente conclusi attraverso negoziazioni fuori dal controllo della pubblica opinione, e, come tali, facilmente caratterizzate dalla dialettica fra gli interessi di pochi. La VAS, che fonda il processo di piano e si identifica con esso, è pianificazione/valutazione di comunità, è metodo e prassi di community visioning. La scala dei problemi da affrontare è, naturalmente, questione fondamentale da analizzare e tenere presente, nella progettazione del processo. Si tratta di generare un movimento di discussione pubblico in cui le istanze, le opinioni, i bisogni, si manifestino, soprattutto in termini di diversità e conflittualità, cosí da far sí che il processo di community visioning abbia una base solida e riconosciuta nella sintesi della discussione mediatica sviluppata. Il processo di VAS delineato dalla Direttiva 2001/42/CE si configura come occasione importantissima di sperimentazione di nuove metodologie di governance territoriale, in cui l'interazione cooperativa tra pubblica amministrazione, comunità scientifica, professionisti e società locali, gioca un ruolo fondamentale per l'efficacia dei processi.

Street Design

Street Design

The Secret to Great Cities and Towns

  • Author: Victor Dover,John Massengale
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118415949
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 416
  • View: 2268
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"The best streets in the world's villages, towns, andcities—whether modest or grand—continually remind onethat simplicity is part of the recipe for success in this art. Theadvice of Victor Dover and John Massengale, their historic examplesand their own designs, reflect that simplicity." —From the Foreword by HRH The Prince of Wales “Street Design is a lucid, practical andaltogether indispensable guide for envisioning andcreating vibrant 21st century towns and cities. It should berequired reading for every local political leader, planner,architect, real estate developer and engaged urban citizen inAmerica." —Kurt Andersen, host of Studio360 and author of TrueBelievers "We are going to start walking around the places we live again,and as that occurs and becomes normal, we will rapidly redevelop ademand for higher quality in building at the human scale." —From the Afterword by James Howard Kunstler “Your charrette traveling library must include theimportant Street Design book by Victor Dover and JohnMassengale.”—Bill Lennertz, ExecutiveDirector, National Charrette Institute “What an amazing resource! For those who wish thatmy book, Walkable City, had pictures, this is the book foryou. If either your work or your play includes the making ofplaces, you will find Street Design to be an invaluabletool.” —Jeff Speck, AICP, CNU-A, LEED-AP,Hon. ASLA Written by two accomplished architects and urban designers, thisuser-friendly street design manual shows both how to design newstreets and enhance existing ones. It offers step-by-stepinstruction and shares examples of excellent streets, examining theelements that make them successful as well as how they weredesigned and created. Topics also include strategies for shapingspace in the public right-of-way through correct building height tostreet width ratios, terminated vistas, landscaping, and streetgeometry. This book is a valuable resource for urban designers,planners, architects, and engineers. With guest essays from: Kaid Benfield, David Brussat, JavierCenicacelaya, Hank Dittmar, Andres Duany, Douglas Duany, EmilyGlavey, Chip Kaufman, Ethan Kent, Marieanne Khoury-Vogt, LéonKrier, Gianni Longo, Thomas Low, Laura Lyon, Chuck Marohn, PaulMurrain, John Norquist, Stefanos Polyzoides, Gabriele Tagliaventiand Erik Vogt.

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions: December 2012 Issue

Development Challenges, South-South Solutions: December 2012 Issue

E-newsletter of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation in UNDP

  • Author: David South, Writer
  • Publisher: DSConsulting
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 18
  • View: 3202
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Development Challenges, South-South Solutions is the monthly e-newsletter of the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation in UNDP (www.southerninnovator.org). It has been published every month since 2006. Its sister publication, Southern Innovator magazine, has been published since 2011.

Borderland

Borderland

Origins of the American Suburb, 1820-1939

  • Author: John R. Stilgoe
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300048667
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 353
  • View: 7696
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This text portrays the American suburbs from their beginnings in the mid-1800s to the onset of World War II and focuses on their appearance, people's reaction to them and their importance to society.

Renaissance Architecture

Renaissance Architecture

  • Author: Christy Anderson
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191625256
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 272
  • View: 6694
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The Renaissance was a diverse phenomenon, marked by innovation and economic expansion, the rise of powerful rulers, religious reforms, and social change. Encompassing the entire continent, Renaissance Architecture examines the rich variety of buildings that emerged during these seminal centuries of European history. Although marked by the rise of powerful individuals, both patrons and architects, the Renaissance was equally a time of growing group identities and communities - and architecture provided the public face to these new identities . Religious reforms in northern Europe, spurred on by Martin Luther, rejected traditional church function and decoration, and proposed new models. Political ambitions required new buildings to satisfy court rituals. Territory, nature, and art intersected to shape new landscapes and building types. Classicism came to be the international language of an educated architect and an ambitious patron, drawing on the legacy of ancient Rome. Yet the richness of the medieval tradition continued to be used throughout Europe, often alongside classical buildings. Examining each of these areas by turn, this book offers a broad cultural history of the period as well as a completely new approach to the history of Renaissance architecture. The work of well-known architects such as Michelangelo and Andrea Palladio is examined alongside lesser known though no less innovative designers such as Juan Guas in Portugal and Benedikt Ried in Prague and Eastern Europe. Drawing on the latest research, it also covers more recent areas of interest such as the story of women as patrons and the emotional effect of Renaissance buildings, as well as the impact of architectural publications and travel on the emerging new architectural culture across Europe. As such, it provides a compelling introduction to the subject for all those interested in the history of architecture, society, and culture in the Renaissance, and European culture in general.

房地产开发

房地产开发

原理与程序

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: 中信出版社
  • ISBN: 9787800738340
  • Category: Real estate development
  • Page: 588
  • View: 8689
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全书分为八篇。介绍了在开发过程决策阶段需要的金融工具;讨论了公共部门对开发的看法;讲述了从合同谈判到开工建设再到正式竣工投入使用过程中所涉及的多方面问题等。

The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia

The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia

  • Author: Christopher E. Hendricks
  • Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
  • ISBN: 9781572335431
  • Category: History
  • Page: 186
  • View: 1982
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For decades historians and historical geographers have neglected the study of town life in the colonial South, simply portraying towns as the result of increasing population density. The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia, the first comprehensive study of town development in the interior of the colonial South, marshals evidence that planned urban settlements were the essential agents in accelerating westward expansion. Through the analysis of twenty-five attempts to create towns in the Virginia backcountry, the work demonstrates there was a distinctly southern urbanmovement in the colonial period. It explores the factors that lead to the success or failure of a community and examines how each backcountry region operated as an economic unit uniquely suited to its development. Towns opened up land, attracting people to move into new areas or participate in new business opportunities. They furthered settlement, influenced immigration, created family and socialnetworks, and fostered the development of trade and systems of credit. The actions of a few individuals and groups of people resulted in the rapid occupation, settlement, and development of the Virginia backcountry through the consciouscreation of economic and social forces. The most complete study of southern towns since John Reps’s Tidewater Towns, The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia offers a new understanding of property ownership, burgeoning trade, and immigration factors–the very elements of urban centers–in backcountry Virginia.

J. C. Nichols and the Shaping of Kansas City

J. C. Nichols and the Shaping of Kansas City

Innovation in Planned Residential Communities

  • Author: William S. Worley
  • Publisher: University of Missouri Press
  • ISBN: 0826273092
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 352
  • View: 8137
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Born and reared on the outskirts of Kansas City in Olathe, Kansas, Jesse Clyde Nichols (1880-1950) was a creative genius in land development. He grew up witnessing the cycles of development and decline characteristics of Kansas City and other American cities during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These early memories contributed to his interest in real estate and led him to pursue his goal of neighborhoods in Kansas City, an idea unfamiliar to that city and a rarity across the United States. J.C. Nichols was one of the first developers in the country to lure buyers with a combination of such attractions as paved streets, sidewalks, landscaped areas, and access to water and sewers. He also initiated restrictive covenants and to control the use of structures built in and around his neighborhoods. In addition, Nichols was involved in the placement of services such as schools, churches, and recreation and shopping areas, all of which were essential to the success of his developments. In 1923, Nichols and his company developed the Country Club Plaza, the first of many regional shopping centers built in anticipation of the increased use of automobiles. Known throughout the United States, the Plaza is a lasting tribute to the creativity of J.C. Nichols and his legacy to the United States. With single-mindedness of purpose and unwavering devotion to achievement, J.C. Nichols left an indelible imprint on the Kansas City metropolitan area, and thereby influenced the design and development of major residential and commercial areas throughout the United States as well. Based on extensive research, J.C. Nichols and the Shaping of Kansas City is a valuable study of one of the most influential entrepreneurs in American land development.

New York and the First World War

New York and the First World War

Shaping an American City

  • Author: Dr Ross J Wilson
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1472419510
  • Category: History
  • Page: 274
  • View: 5382
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The First World War constitutes a point in the history of New York when its character and identity were challenged, recast and reinforced. Due to its pre-eminent position as a financial and trading centre, its role in the conflict was realised far sooner than elsewhere in the United States. This book uses city, state and federal archives, newspaper reports, publications, leaflets and the well-established ethnic press in the city at the turn of the century to explore how the city and its citizens responded to their role in the First World War, from the outbreak in August 1914, through the official entry of the United States in to the war in 1917, and after the cessation of hostilities in the memorials and monuments to the conflict. The war and its aftermath forever altered politics, economics and social identities within the city, but its import is largely obscured in the history of the twentieth century. This book therefore fills an important gap in the histories of New York and the First World War.

Shaping the Accountancy Profession (RLE Accounting)

Shaping the Accountancy Profession (RLE Accounting)

The Story of Three Scottish Pioneers

  • Author: Thomas A. Lee
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317975618
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 262
  • View: 5377
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The emergence of an accountancy profession in Scotland is described in the context of three leading Chartered Accountants, whose careers spanned the second half of the nineteenth century and early part of the twentieth century: George Auldjo Jamieson (21828-1900), Alexander Sloan (1843-1927) and Richard Brown (1856-1918). Each biography reveals the man involved in the professionalisation events, and is described within a broader personal context associated with Victorian Scotland.

Canadian Journal of Urban Research

Canadian Journal of Urban Research

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Cities and towns
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1154
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The Bull Ring Uncovered

The Bull Ring Uncovered

Excavations at Edgbaston Street, Moor Street, Park Street and The Row, Birmingham City Centre, 1997-2001

  • Author: Catharine Patrick,Stephanie Ratkai
  • Publisher: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN: 1782978720
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 440
  • View: 1317
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The excavations in the centre of Birmingham uncovered evidence of habitation from prehistoric and Roman times, but the 12th to 19th centuries presented by far the most evidence, from artefacts, environmental samples and structural remains. The medieval industrial past was of particular interest, with tanning and the manufacture of hemp and linen all playing a large role in the city's prosperity. Metal working reached its peak in the seventeenth century, with brass founding becoming important from the eighteenth century onwards. Most of the artefactual evidence attests to Birmingham's industrial past, indeed the evidence for domestic life is comparatively scant, with an anomalous burial of two people at Park Street presenting something of a mystery. This volume presents insights into the early industrial past of this important city and is an invaluable record covering eight hundred years of occupation.

Warren G. Magnuson and the Shaping of Twentieth-Century America

Warren G. Magnuson and the Shaping of Twentieth-Century America

  • Author: Shelby Scates
  • Publisher: University of Washington Press
  • ISBN: 0295802219
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 403
  • View: 5165
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Warren G. Magnuson served as U.S. senator from the state of Washington for six terms. The sheer sweep of his accomplishments is astonishing: authoring the 1964 Civil Rights Act, protecting Puget Sound, saving Boeing for Seattle, championing consumer protection legislation, reorganizing the railroads, and godfathering the electrification of the Pacific Northwest by pressing for Columbia and Snake River dams. He pushed for federal aid to education, kept Pentagon budgets down, and established the National Institutes of Health while arguing throughout the McCarthy era against U.S. isolation from China. He was also a whiskey-and-poker companion to Presidents Roosevelt, Truman, Kennedy, and Johnson.