Search Results for "streets-and-the-shaping-of-towns-and-cities"

Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities

Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities

  • Author: Michael Southworth,Eran Ben-Joseph
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • ISBN: 9781610911092
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 208
  • View: 5295
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The topic of streets and street design is of compelling interest today as public officials, developers, and community activists seek to reshape urban patterns to achieve more sustainable forms of growth and development. Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities traces ideas about street design and layout back to the early industrial era in London suburbs and then on through their institutionalization in housing and transportation planning in the United States. It critiques the situation we are in and suggests some ways out that are less rigidly controlled, more flexible, and responsive to local conditions. Originally published in 1997, this edition includes a new introduction that addresses topics of current interest including revised standards from the Institute of Transportation Engineers; changes in city plans and development standards following New Urbanist, Smart Growth, and sustainability principles; traffic calming; and ecologically oriented street design.

Regulating Place

Regulating Place

Standards and the Shaping of Urban America

  • Author: Eran Ben-Joseph,Terry S. Szold
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135933812
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 6950
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Tracing how codes arose when they did, and how they were adapted over time, the authors examine the increasing influence of regulatory codes over urban design and planning in the past century.

ReThinking a Lot

ReThinking a Lot

The Design and Culture of Parking

  • Author: Eran Ben-Joseph
  • Publisher: Mit Press
  • ISBN: 9780262527545
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 184
  • View: 3675
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There are an estimated 600,000,000 passenger cars in the world, and that number is increasing every day. So too is Earth's supply of parking spaces. In some cities, parking lots cover more than one-third of the metropolitan footprint. It's official: we have paved paradise and put up a parking lot. In ReThinking a Lot, Eran Ben-Joseph shares a different vision for parking's future. Parking lots, he writes, are ripe for transformation. After all, their design and function has not been rethought since the 1950s. With this book, Ben-Joseph pushes the parking lot into the twenty-first century. Ben-Joseph shows that parking lots can be aesthetically pleasing, environmentally and architecturally responsible, and used for something other than car storage. He introduces us to some of the many alternative and nonparking purposes that parking lots have served -- from RV campgrounds to stages for "Shakespeare in the Parking Lot." He shows us parking lots that are lushly planted with trees and flowers and beautifully integrated with the rest of the built environment. With purposeful design, Ben-Joseph argues, parking lots could be significant public places, contributing as much to their communities as great boulevards, parks, or plazas. For all the acreage they cover, parking lots have received scant attention. It's time to change that; it's time to rethink the lot.

The City Beautiful Movement

The City Beautiful Movement

  • Author: William H. Wilson
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801849787
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 365
  • View: 4893
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Critics of the turn-of-the-century's City Beautiful Movement denounced its projects—broad, tree-lined boulevards and monumental but low-lying civic buildings—as grandiose and unnecessary. In this masterful analysis, William H. Wilson sees the movement as its founders did: as an exercise in participatory politics aimed at changing the way citizens thought about cities.

Street Design

Street Design

The Secret to Great Cities and Towns

  • Author: Victor Dover,John Massengale
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118415949
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 416
  • View: 501
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"The best streets in the world's villages, towns, andcities—whether modest or grand—continually remind onethat simplicity is part of the recipe for success in this art. Theadvice of Victor Dover and John Massengale, their historic examplesand their own designs, reflect that simplicity." —From the Foreword by HRH The Prince of Wales “Street Design is a lucid, practical andaltogether indispensable guide for envisioning andcreating vibrant 21st century towns and cities. It should berequired reading for every local political leader, planner,architect, real estate developer and engaged urban citizen inAmerica." —Kurt Andersen, host of Studio360 and author of TrueBelievers "We are going to start walking around the places we live again,and as that occurs and becomes normal, we will rapidly redevelop ademand for higher quality in building at the human scale." —From the Afterword by James Howard Kunstler “Your charrette traveling library must include theimportant Street Design book by Victor Dover and JohnMassengale.”—Bill Lennertz, ExecutiveDirector, National Charrette Institute “What an amazing resource! For those who wish thatmy book, Walkable City, had pictures, this is the book foryou. If either your work or your play includes the making ofplaces, you will find Street Design to be an invaluabletool.” —Jeff Speck, AICP, CNU-A, LEED-AP,Hon. ASLA Written by two accomplished architects and urban designers, thisuser-friendly street design manual shows both how to design newstreets and enhance existing ones. It offers step-by-stepinstruction and shares examples of excellent streets, examining theelements that make them successful as well as how they weredesigned and created. Topics also include strategies for shapingspace in the public right-of-way through correct building height tostreet width ratios, terminated vistas, landscaping, and streetgeometry. This book is a valuable resource for urban designers,planners, architects, and engineers. With guest essays from: Kaid Benfield, David Brussat, JavierCenicacelaya, Hank Dittmar, Andres Duany, Douglas Duany, EmilyGlavey, Chip Kaufman, Ethan Kent, Marieanne Khoury-Vogt, LéonKrier, Gianni Longo, Thomas Low, Laura Lyon, Chuck Marohn, PaulMurrain, John Norquist, Stefanos Polyzoides, Gabriele Tagliaventiand Erik Vogt.

Companion to Urban Design

Companion to Urban Design

  • Author: Tridib Banerjee,Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136920080
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 736
  • View: 7929
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Today the practice of urban design has forged a distinctive identity with applications at many different scales – ranging from the block or street scale to the scale of metropolitan and regional landscapes. Urban design interfaces many aspects of contemporary public policy – multiculturalism, healthy cities, environmental justice, economic development, climate change, energy conservations, protection of natural environments, sustainable development, community liveability, and the like. The field now comprises a core body of knowledge that enfolds a right history of ideas, paradigms, principles, tools, research and applications, enriched by electric influences from the humanities, and social and natural sciences. Companion to Urban Design includes more than fifty original contributions from internationally recognized authorities in the field. These contributions address the following questions: What are the important ideas that have shaped the field and the current practice of urban design? What are the major methods and processes that have influenced the practice of urban design at various scales? What are the current innovations relevant to the pedagogy of urban design? What are the lingering debates, conflicts ad contradictions in the theory and practice of urban design? How could urban design respond to the contemporary challenges of climate change, sustainability, active living initiatives, globalization, and the like? What are the significant disciplinary influences on the theory, research and practice of urban design in recent times? There has never before been a more authoritative and comprehensive companion that includes core, foundational and pioneering ideas and concepts of urban design. This book serves as an invaluable guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students, future professionals, and practitioners interested in architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning, but also in urban studies, urban affairs, geography, and related fields.

Zoned in the USA

Zoned in the USA

The Origins and Implications of American Land-Use Regulation

  • Author: Sonia A. Hirt
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801454700
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 8268
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Why are American cities, suburbs, and towns so distinct? Compared to European cities, those in the United States are characterized by lower densities and greater distances; neat, geometric layouts; an abundance of green space; a greater level of social segregation reflected in space; and—perhaps most noticeably—a greater share of individual, single-family detached housing. In Zoned in the USA, Sonia A. Hirt argues that zoning laws are among the important but understudied reasons for the cross-continental differences. Hirt shows that rather than being imported from Europe, U.S. municipal zoning law was in fact an institution that quickly developed its own, distinctly American profile. A distinct spatial culture of individualism—founded on an ideal of separate, single-family residences apart from the dirt and turmoil of industrial and agricultural production—has driven much of municipal regulation, defined land-use, and, ultimately, shaped American life. Hirt explores municipal zoning from a comparative and international perspective, drawing on archival resources and contemporary land-use laws from England, Germany, France, Australia, Russia, Canada, and Japan to challenge assumptions about American cities and the laws that guide them.

Das Bild der Stadt

Das Bild der Stadt

  • Author: Kevin Lynch
  • Publisher: Birkhäuser
  • ISBN: 3035602166
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 215
  • View: 4723
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Wie orientieren wir uns in einer Stadt? Woher rühren unsere ganz fest umrissenen visuellen Vorstellungen? Um diese Fragen beantworten zu können, studierte Kevin Lynch die Erfahrungen von Menschen und zeigt damit, wie man das Bild der Stadt wieder lebendiger und einprägsamer machen könnte.

Urban Growth and the Medieval Church

Urban Growth and the Medieval Church

Gloucester and Worcester

  • Author: Nigel Baker,Richard Holt
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 9780754602668
  • Category: History
  • Page: 413
  • View: 9558
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Although the Church played a major role in the development of towns and cities from the earliest times, many important aspects of the early stages of urbanization in England are still poorly understood.Urban Growth and the Medieval Church employs a wealth of historical and archaeological evidence from two key towns - Gloucester and Worcester - to provide a comprehensive picture of their respective developments throughout the medieval period. Only then can the crucial role played by the Church, in shaping the spiritual, social, economic and cultural development of the urban environment, be discovered.

City Sense and City Design

City Sense and City Design

Writings and Projects of Kevin Lynch

  • Author: Kevin Lynch
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262620956
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 853
  • View: 6418
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A collection completing the record of one of the foremost environmental design theorists of our time.

Shaping the City

Shaping the City

Studies in History, Theory and Urban Design

  • Author: Rodolphe El-Khoury,Edwards Robbins
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317342267
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 376
  • View: 3546
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Taking on the key issues in urban design, Shaping the City examines the critical ideas that have driven these themes and debates through a study of particular cities at important periods in their development. As well as retaining crucial discussions about cities such as Los Angeles, Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Philadelphia, and Brasilia at particular moments in their history that exemplified the problems and themes at hand like the mega-city, the post-colonial city and New Urbanism, in this new edition the editors have introduced new case studies critical to any study of contemporary urbanism – China, Dubai, Tijuana and the wider issues of informal cities in the Global South. The book serves as both a textbook for classes in urban design, planning and theory and is also attractive to the increasing interest in urbanism by scholars in other fields. Shaping the City provides an essential overview of the range and variety of urbanisms and urban issues that are critical to an understanding of contemporary urbanism.

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

  • Author: Jane Jacobs
  • Publisher: Birkhäuser
  • ISBN: 3035602123
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 220
  • View: 2041
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In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Public and Private Spaces of the City

Public and Private Spaces of the City

  • Author: Ali Madanipour
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134519869
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6729
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The relationship between public and private spheres is one of the key concerns of the modern society. This book investigates this relationship, especially as manifested in the urban space with its social and psychological significance. Through theoretical and historical examination, it explores how and why the space of human socities is subdivided into public and private sections. It starts with the private, interior space of the mind and moves step by step, through the body, home, neighborhood and the city, outwards to the most public, impersonal spaces, exploring the nature of each realm and their complex, interdependent realtionships. A stimulating and thought provoking book for any architect, architectural historian, urban planner or designer.

Borderland

Borderland

Origins of the American Suburb, 1820-1939

  • Author: John R. Stilgoe
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300048667
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 353
  • View: 6165
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This text portrays the American suburbs from their beginnings in the mid-1800s to the onset of World War II and focuses on their appearance, people's reaction to them and their importance to society.

The Moral Economy of Cities

The Moral Economy of Cities

Shaping Good Citizens

  • Author: Evelyn Sharon Ruppert
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 0802038867
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 292
  • View: 4145
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Using the redevelopment of the Yonge-Dundas intersection in downtown Toronto in the mid-1990s as a case study, Ruppert examines the language of planners, urban designers, architects, and marketing analysts to reveal the extent to which moralization legitimizes these professions in the public eye.

Cities and Natural Process

Cities and Natural Process

A Basis for Sustainability

  • Author: Michael Hough
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415298544
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 292
  • View: 4671
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This key book is a revised and updated discussion of the fundamental conflict in the perception of nature, and an expression of the essential need for an environmental view when approaching urban design. Whilst retaining the existing structure, each of the chapters has been revised to take into account recent theoretical and practical developments. A completely new concluding chapter has been added which draws together the themes of the volume and links these to broader landscape issues such as greenway systems, landscape ecology and green infrastructure.

Governance, Pianificazione e Valutazione Strategica

Governance, Pianificazione e Valutazione Strategica

Sviluppo sostenibile e governance nella pianificazione urbanistica

  • Author: Corrado Zoppi
  • Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa
  • ISBN: 8849264178
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 384
  • View: 4266
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Elemento di significativa innovazione che la Valutazione ambientale strategica (VAS) propone al campo disciplinare della pianificazione territoriale è l'impostazione plurale e partecipativa del processo valutativo, che si pone non come esogeno rispetto al processo stesso, ma come parte qualificante e fondante. Una partecipazione che non è prerogativa di pochi, che non è il teatrino, falso e autoreferenziale, di processi decisionali già sviluppati e sostanzialmente conclusi attraverso negoziazioni fuori dal controllo della pubblica opinione, e, come tali, facilmente caratterizzate dalla dialettica fra gli interessi di pochi. La VAS, che fonda il processo di piano e si identifica con esso, è pianificazione/valutazione di comunità, è metodo e prassi di community visioning. La scala dei problemi da affrontare è, naturalmente, questione fondamentale da analizzare e tenere presente, nella progettazione del processo. Si tratta di generare un movimento di discussione pubblico in cui le istanze, le opinioni, i bisogni, si manifestino, soprattutto in termini di diversità e conflittualità, cosí da far sí che il processo di community visioning abbia una base solida e riconosciuta nella sintesi della discussione mediatica sviluppata. Il processo di VAS delineato dalla Direttiva 2001/42/CE si configura come occasione importantissima di sperimentazione di nuove metodologie di governance territoriale, in cui l'interazione cooperativa tra pubblica amministrazione, comunità scientifica, professionisti e società locali, gioca un ruolo fondamentale per l'efficacia dei processi.

The Regional City

The Regional City

  • Author: Peter Calthorpe,William Fulton
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • ISBN: 1597266213
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 328
  • View: 2928
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Most Americans today do not live in discrete cities and towns, but rather in an aggregation of cities and suburbs that forms one basic economic, multi-cultural, environmental and civic entity. These "regional cities” have the potential to significantly improve the quality of our lives--to provide interconnected and diverse economic centers, transportation choices, and a variety of human-scale communities. In The Regional City, two of the most innovative thinkers in the field of land use planning and design offer a detailed look at this new metropolitan form and explain how regional-scale planning and design can help direct growth wisely and reverse current trends in land use. The authors: •discuss the nature and underpinnings of this new metropolitan form •present their view of the policies and physical design principles required for metropolitan areas to transform themselves into regional cities •document the combination of physical design and social and economic policies that are being used across the country •consider the main factors that are shaping metropolitan regions today, including the maturation of sprawling suburbs and the renewal of urban neighborhoods Featuring full-color graphics and in-depth case studies, The Regional City offers a thorough examination of the concept of regional planning along with examples of successful initiatives from around the country. It will be must reading for planners, architects, landscape architects, local officials, real estate developers, community development professionals, and for students in architecture, urban planning, and policy.

The Shaping of America

The Shaping of America

A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History

  • Author: Donald William Meinig
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300062908
  • Category: History
  • Page: 656
  • View: 406
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V.1. Atlantic America, 1492-1800, V.2. Continental America, 1800-1967.

Collage city

Collage city

  • Author: Colin Rowe,Fred Koetter
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Architecture, Modern
  • Page: 286
  • View: 1507
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