Search Results for "surveillance-critical-concepts-in-criminology"

Surveillance

Surveillance

  • Author: Benjamin Goold
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780415458191
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1413
  • View: 9902
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Over the past fifty years, the apparatus of surveillance in modern societies has expanded to such an extent that almost every aspect of our public and private lives is now open to scrutiny and analysis. Each time we walk down a city street or pass through a shopping centre, CCTV cameras record our every move. Credit card and online purchases are logged and used to construct ever more detailed profiles of our consumption patterns and preferences. Personal information held by a bewildering array of state and private organizations is becoming increasingly centralized and searchable. As a result, modern life and citizenship is now intimately bound up with surveillance and the construction of data profiles, profiles that are largely beyond our power to alter or amend, and which may bear little resemblance to how we see ourselves (or want to be seen). Combining fear of crime and a desire for social control, surveillance is an inescapable fact of modern life. Research on surveillance—conducted by governments, academics, and the private sector—has exploded in recent years and this new title in the Routledge series, Critical Concepts in Criminology, addresses the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of this rapidly growing and ever more complex corpus of interdisciplinary scholarly literature. Edited by Benjamin Goold of Oxford University's Centre for Criminology and organized into three principal parts, Surveillance is a four-volume collection of the foundational and the very best cutting-edge scholarship. Surveillance is fully indexed and includes a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context. An essential reference collection, it is destined to be valued by scholars and students of criminology—as well as those working in the allied fields of sociology, politics, and urban studies—as a vital one-stop research and pedagogic resource.

ICEG2006-Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on e-Government

ICEG2006-Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on e-Government

ICEG2006

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Academic Conferences Limited
  • ISBN: 1906638772
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7753
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Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies

Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies

  • Author: Kirstie Ball,Kevin Haggerty,David Lyon
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136711074
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 460
  • View: 741
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Surveillance is a central organizing practice. Gathering personal data and processing them in searchable databases drives administrative efficiency but also raises questions about security, governance, civil liberties and privacy. Surveillance is both globalized in cooperative schemes, such as sharing biometric data, and localized in the daily minutiae of social life. This innovative Handbook explores the empirical, theoretical and ethical issues around surveillance and its use in daily life. With a collection of over forty essays from the leading names in surveillance studies, the Handbook takes a truly multi-disciplinary approach to critically question issues of: surveillance and population control policing, intelligence and war production and consumption new media security identification regulation and resistance. The Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies is an international, accessible, definitive and comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing multi-disciplinary field of surveillance studies. The Handbook’s direct, authoritative style will appeal to a wide range of scholars and students in the social sciences, arts and humanities.

Handbook of Critical Criminology

Handbook of Critical Criminology

  • Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135192804
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 552
  • View: 6608
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The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology explores the most-up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. In addition to including cutting edge, original contributions made by many leading experts in the field, this book is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for students, faculty, policy makers, and practitioners.

Criminological Perspectives

Criminological Perspectives

Essential Readings

  • Author: Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446275515
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 768
  • View: 2157
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This revised and expanded Third Edition of the internationally acclaimed Criminological Perspectives is the most comprehensive reader available in the field. Wide-ranging and global in scope and coverage, Criminological Perspectives will enable you to critically engage with the various concepts and theoretical positions that you'll encounter throughout your studies. In addition to essays that have had a seminal influence on the development of criminology, new articles have been included to cover topics of contemporary criminological significance, including: - surveillance - digitized crime - terrorism and political violence - environmental crime - human trafficking - techno-social networks - narco-crime - global inequalities The 56 articles are organised thematically, complete with introductions that place them in context and to illustrate the approaches taken by different schools of criminological thought. Criminological Perspectives will prove an indispensible resource, whether you're studying criminology, criminal justice studies, socio-legal studies, penology, security studies, surveillance studies, or sociology.

Dark Matters

Dark Matters

On the Surveillance of Blackness

  • Author: Simone Browne
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780822359388
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 6583
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Simone Browne shows how racial ideologies and the long history of policing black bodies under transatlantic slavery structure contemporary surveillance technologies and practices. Analyzing a wide array of archival and contemporary texts, she demonstrates how surveillance reifies boundaries, borders, and bodies around racial lines.

The Corporate Criminal

The Corporate Criminal

Why Corporations Must Be Abolished

  • Author: Steve Tombs,David Whyte
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135264341
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 226
  • View: 7300
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Drawing upon a wide range of sources of empirical evidence, historical analysis and theoretical argument, this book shows beyond any doubt that the private, profit-making, corporation is a habitual and routine offender. The book dissects the myth that the corporation can be a rational, responsible, 'citizen'. It shows how in its present form, the corporation is permitted, licensed and encouraged to systematically kill, maim and steal for profit. Corporations are constructed through law and politics in ways that impel them to cause harm to people and the environment. In other words, criminality is part of the DNA of the modern corporation. Therefore, the authors argue, the corporation cannot be easily reformed. The only feasible solution to this 'crime' problem is to abolish the legal and political privileges that enable the corporation to act with impunity.

Social Media as Surveillance

Social Media as Surveillance

Rethinking Visibility in a Converging World

  • Author: Daniel Trottier
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317053826
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 6853
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While there is a lot of popular and academic interest in social media, this is the first academic work which addresses its growing presence in the surveillance of everyday life. Some scholars have considered its impact on privacy, but these efforts overlook the broader risks for users. Commonsense recommendations of care and vigilance are not enough, as attempts to manage an individual presence are complicated by the features which make social media 'social'. Facebook friends routinely expose each other, and this information leaks from one context to another. This book develops a surveillance studies approach to social media by presenting first hand ethnographic research with a variety of personal and professional social media users. Using Facebook as a case-study, it describes growing monitoring practices that involve social media. What makes this study unique is that it not only considers social media surveillance as multi-purpose, but also shows how these different purposes augment one another, leading to a rapid spread of surveillance and visibility. Individual, institutional, market-based, security and intelligence forms of surveillance therefore co-exist with each other on the same site. Not only are they drawing from the same interface and information, but these practices also augment each other. This groundbreaking research considers the rapid growth and volatility of social media technology by treating these aspects as central to social media surveillance.

Security

Security

  • Author: Lucia Zedner
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135249016
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 2526
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Just a decade ago security had little claim to criminological attention. Today a combination of disciplinary paradigm shifts, policy changes, and world political events have pushed security to the forefront of the criminological agenda. Distinctions between public safety and private protection, policing and security services, national and international security are being eroded. Post-9/11 the pursuit of security has been hotly debated not least because countering terrorism raises the stakes and licenses extraordinary measures. Security has become a central plank of public policy, a topical political issue, and lucrative focus of private venture but it is not without costs, problems, and paradoxes. As security governs our lives, governing security become a priority. This book provides a brief, authoritative introduction to the history of security from Hobbes to the present day and a timely guide to contemporary security politics and dilemmas. It argues that the pursuit of security poses a significant challenge for criminal justice practices and values. It defends security as public good and suggests a framework of principles by which it might better be governed. Engaging with major academic debates in criminology, law, international relations, politics, and sociology, this book stands at the vanguard of interdisciplinary writing on security.

Feminist Surveillance Studies

Feminist Surveillance Studies

  • Author: Rachel E. Dubrofsky,Shoshana Amielle Magnet
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780822358923
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6380
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Questions of gender, race, class, and sexuality have largely been left unexamined in surveillance studies. The contributors to this field-defining collection take up these questions, and in so doing provide new directions for analyzing surveillance. They use feminist theory to expose the ways in which surveillance practices and technologies are tied to systemic forms of discrimination that serve to normalize whiteness, able-bodiedness, capitalism, and heterosexuality. The essays discuss the implications of, among others, patriarchal surveillance in colonial North America, surveillance aimed at curbing the trafficking of women, women presented as having agency in the creation of the images that display their bodies via social media, full-body airport scanners, and mainstream news media discussion of honour killings in Canada and the concomitant surveillance of Muslim bodies.

Surveillance and Democracy in Europe

Surveillance and Democracy in Europe

Courting Controversy?

  • Author: William Webster,Kirstie Ball
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317270770
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 168
  • View: 4607
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Many contemporary surveillance practices take place in information infrastructures which are from the public domain. Although they have far reaching consequences for both citizens and their rights, they are not always subject to regulatory demands and oversight. This being said, democratic fora where citizens and institutions may question such practices cannot be mobilised without widespread awareness of the dangers and consequences of surveillance practices and who is responsible for them. Through an analysis of surveillance controversies across Europe, this book not only examines the troublesome relationship between surveillance and democracy; but also highlights the vested interests which maintain the status quo. Using a participatory theory lens, Surveillance and Democracy in Europe reveals the historical, social, political and legal antecedents of the current state of affairs. Arguing that participation is a sensitising concept which enables a wide array of surveillance practices and processes to be interrogated, this insightful volume will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as public administration and policy, political studies, organisational behaviour and surveillance and privacy.

Critical Theory and Social Media

Critical Theory and Social Media

Between Emancipation and Commodification

  • Author: Thomas Allmer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317612329
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 214
  • View: 9088
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Social media platforms such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter are enormously popular: they are continuously ranked among the most frequently accessed websites worldwide. However there are as yet few studies which combine critical theoretical and empirical research in the context of digital and social media. The aim of this book is to study the constraints and emancipatory potentials of new media and to assess to what extent digital and social media can contribute to strengthen the idea of the communication and network commons, and a commons-based information society. Based on a critical theory and political economy approach, this book explores: the foundational concepts of a critical theory of media, technology, and society users’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards the antagonistic character and the potentials and risks of social media whether technological and/or social changes are required in order to bring about real social media and human liberation. Critical Theory and Social Media examines both academic discourse on, and users’ responses to, new media, making it a valuable tool for international scholars and students of sociology, media and communication studies, social theory, new media, and information society studies. Its clear and interesting insights into corporate practices of the global new media sector will mean that it appeals to critical social media users around the world.

Fixing Broken Windows

Fixing Broken Windows

Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities

  • Author: George L. Kelling,Catherine M. Coles
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 0684837382
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 319
  • View: 8225
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Cites successful examples of community-based policing

Media and Crime in the U.S.

Media and Crime in the U.S.

  • Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Travis Linnemann
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1483373916
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 5862
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The rise of mobile and social media means that everyday crime news is now more immediate, more visual, and more democratically produced than ever. Offering new and innovative ways of understanding the relationship between media and crime, Media and Crime in the U.S. critically examines the influence of media coverage of crimes on culture and identity in the United States and across the globe. With comprehensive coverage of the theories, research, and key issues, acclaimed author Yvonne Jewkes and award-winning professor Travis Linnemann have come together to shed light on some of the most troubling questions surrounding media and crime today.

Surveillance Studies

Surveillance Studies

An Overview

  • Author: David Lyon
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 0745635911
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 243
  • View: 5872
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The study of surveillance is more relevant than ever before. The fast growth of the field of surveillance studies reflects both the urgency of civil liberties and privacy questions in the war on terror era and the classical social science debates over the power of watching and classification, from Bentham to Foucault and beyond. In this overview, David Lyon, one of the pioneers of surveillance studies, fuses with aplomb classical debates and contemporary examples to provide the most accessible and up-to-date introduction to surveillance available. The book takes in surveillance studies in all its breadth, from local face-to-face oversight through technical developments in closed-circuit TV, radio frequency identification and biometrics to global trends that integrate surveillance systems internationally. Surveillance is understood in its ambiguity, from caring to controlling, and the role of visibility of the surveilled is taken as seriously as the powers of observing, classifying and judging. The book draws on international examples and on the insights of several disciplines; sociologists, political scientists and geographers will recognize key issues from their work here, but so will people from media, culture, organization, technology and policy studies. This illustrates the diverse strands of thought and critique available, while at the same time the book makes its own distinct contribution and offers tools for evaluating both surveillance trends and the theories that explain them. This book is the perfect introduction for anyone wanting to understand surveillance as a phenomenon and the tools for analysing it further, and will be essential reading for students and scholars alike.

Critical Criminology

Critical Criminology

  • Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780415660761
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 1616
  • View: 3750
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Critical Criminology is now a well-established—if heterogeneous and contentious—field of study. The work of critical criminologists supports numerous international journals, regional organizations, and global conferences. As the field continues to flourish as never before, this new title from Routledge, edited by two distinguished scholars, meets the need for an authoritative, one-stop reference work to make sense of the wide range of approaches, theories, and concepts that have informed Critical Criminology. In four volumes, the collection assembles the best and most influential empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists from around the world, with special attention to new directions in the field—such as cultural criminology, masculinities studies, and feminist criminologies. The gathered works cover not only the history of Critical Criminology and cutting-edge theories, but also explore a variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. With a full index, together with a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editors, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context, Critical Criminology is an essential work of reference. The collection will be particularly useful as a database allowing scattered and often fugitive material to be easily located. It will also be welcomed as a crucial tool permitting rapid access to less familiar—and sometimes overlooked—texts. For researchers, students, and policy-makers, it is an essential one-stop research and pedagogic resource.

Green Criminology

Green Criminology

Critical Concepts in Criminology

  • Author: Robert Douglas White
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780415813006
  • Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5966
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"Green Criminology embraces a wide and rapidly growing network of researchers and scholars around the world who are actively engaged in the study of environmental crime and ecological justice. Transgressions against humans, eco-systems, and animals constitute the main focus of Green Criminology and this new four-volume collection from Routledge provides an authoritative, one-stop reference work to make sense of the wide range of approaches, theories, and concepts that have informed its development and growth.Themes covered in the collection include: the conceptual foundations of Green Criminology; victimization and offending; criminal-justice responses to environmental crime; and emerging environmental issues, such as climate change, that demand urgent criminological attention. Topics range from transnational environmental crimes, such as the illegal dumping of waste and illegal trade in wildlife, through to prosecution and sentencing in relation to environmental crimes.Each volume provides a provocative and stimulating showcase of criminological research, scholarship, and commentary dealing with the nature and dynamics of environmental crime. The volumes are structured to provide users with a strong sense of the theories, methodological approaches, conceptual innovations, and empirical research of Green Criminology. Together, they constitute an essential work of reference for anyone interested in social and environmental transformations and justice from a criminological perspective"--

What is Criminology?

What is Criminology?

  • Author: Mary Bosworth,Carolyn Hoyle
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199571821
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 551
  • View: 1730
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Essential reading for all academics and advanced students of criminology, this collection of specially-commissioned essays by leading international criminologists examines the current state of the discipline. The essays critically examine the subject's conceptual foundations, aims, methods, boundaries, and impact.

Essential Criminology

Essential Criminology

  • Author: Mark M. Lanier
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429973519
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 434
  • View: 7206
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In the fourth edition of Essential Criminology, authors Mark M. Lanier, Stuart Henry, and Desire .M. Anastasia build upon this best-selling critical review of criminology, which has become essential reading for students of criminology in the 21st century. Designed as an alternative to overly comprehensive, lengthy, and expensive introductory texts, Essential Criminology is, as its title implies, a concise overview of the field. The book guides students through the various definitions of crime and the different ways crime is measured. It then covers the major theories of crime, from individual-level, classical, and rational choice to biological, psychological, social learning, social control, and interactionist perspectives. In this latest edition, the authors explore the kind of criminology that is needed for the globally interdependent twenty-first century. With cutting-edge updates, illustrative real-world examples, and new study tools for students, this text is a necessity for both undergraduate and graduate courses in criminology.