Search Results for "sustaining-agriculture-and-rural-communities-v-6-research-in-rural-sociology-and-development"

Alternative Agrifood Movements

Alternative Agrifood Movements

Patterns of Convergence and Divergence

  • Author: Douglas Constance,Marie-Christine Renard,Marta G. Rivera-Ferre
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Pub Limited
  • ISBN: 9781784410902
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 350
  • View: 1867
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This volume explores the issues of convergence and divergence in alternative agrifood movements through a theoretical and empirical engagement of the topic by notable agrifood researchers from Europe, North America and South America. It probes the degree to which the numerous alternative agrifood movements that have emerged in recent years in responce to the legitimation crisis of conventional agriculture have converged around a central alternative thesis or pursued divergent paths of development. Some alternative agrifood movements represent radical critiques of conventional agriculture that challenge the existing system while other movements engage in reformist and accommodative approaches that are viewed as complimentary. The book begins with chapters that enhance the theoretical discussions on the pathways and obstacles to convergence followed by empirical case studies on organics, food sovereignty, landless workers, alternative food systems, and food policy councils.

Agriculture and Rural Development in a Globalizing World

Agriculture and Rural Development in a Globalizing World

Challenges and Opportunities

  • Author: Prabhu Pingali,Gershon Feder
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315314045
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 404
  • View: 9293
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Rapid structural transformation and urbanization are transforming agriculture and food production in rural areas across the world. This textbook provides a comprehensive review and assessment of the multi-faceted nature of agriculture and rural development, particularly in the developing world, where the greatest challenges occur. It is designed around five thematic parts: Agricultural Intensification and Technical Change; Political Economy of Agricultural Policies; Community and Rural Institutions; Agriculture, Nutrition, and Health; and Future Relevance of International Institutions. Each chapter presents a detailed but accessible review of the literature on the specific topic and discusses the frontiers in research and institutional changes needed as societies adapt to the transformation processes. All authors are eminent scholars with international reputations, who have been actively engaged in the contemporary debates around agricultural development and rural transformation.

Developing Sustainable Agriculture and Community

Developing Sustainable Agriculture and Community

  • Author: Lionel J. "Bo" Beaulieu,Jeffrey L. Jordan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317850602
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 104
  • View: 1090
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This book illustrates the ways in which communities can strengthen the links and set the stage for long-term partnerships between sustainable agriculture and sustainable rural community development initiatives. It provides lessons learned, first, from the community development literature that can help shape sustainable agriculture strategies, and second, from the sustainable agriculture literature that can prove useful in moulding sound and effective community development strategies. The threads that weave the chapters together is the commitment to a building and expanding the community capital resources that have important bearing on the sustainability of agriculture and the broader community of which it is a part. Certainly, the success of the agriculture/community partnerships is rooted in one critical ingredient – "social capital." To be effective over the long-term, sustainable development depends on a network of people, drawn from a wide array of interests, who have a strong trusting relationship with one another, and who are willing to work together in responding to the economic, environmental, and social challenges facing agriculture and community alike. At the same time, strategies that work to strengthen the stock of all seven types of community capitals are important to pursue. It is balanced investments in all seven types of community capitals that will contribute to the emergence of "community agency" -- the ability of local people to act in a proactive manner in managing, utilizing, and enhancing local resources. With the emergence of "community agency," an important step in the pursuit of a sustainable future for both agriculture and community is possible. This book was published as a special issue of Community Development.

Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan

Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan

  • Author: Iqrar Ahmad Khan,Muhammad Sarwar Khan
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1351208217
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 926
  • View: 1466
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Pakistan has a strong agrarian base and agriculture is its main factor in economic growth. Due to fixed cropping patterns, reliance on few major crops, narrow genetic pools, poor seed quality and changing climate, agriculture production is compromised throughout the country. This book provides an overview of trends and inadequacies in agriculture practices in Pakistan. It discusses land use, agricultural production and health, populace development, regional and international policies, and value-added products through improved supply-chain management. Ultimately identifying problems in the industry, it provides remedies to these problems and ways of moving forward towards improvement.

Farm Communities at the Crossroads

Farm Communities at the Crossroads

Challenge and Resistance

  • Author: University of Regina. Canadian Plains Research Center
  • Publisher: University of Regina Press
  • ISBN: 9780889771567
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 353
  • View: 7898
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In the last fifty years, farming and farm communities have been subject to relentless change in the face of an uncertain future.Farm Communities at the Crossroadsbrings together different areas of transformation and disciplines, offering a comprehensive set of perspectives on the transformation and possibilities of prairie rural communities in general and on farming in particular."

The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia

The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia

  • Author: Ian McAllister,Steve Dowrick,Riaz Hassan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139440479
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5821
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First published in 2003, The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia is a high-quality reference on significant research in Australian social sciences. The book is divided into three main sections, covering the central areas of the social sciences-economics, political science and sociology. Each section examines the significant research in the field, placing it within the context of broader debates about the nature of the social sciences and the ways in which institutional changes have shaped how they are defined, taught and researched.

Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies

Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies

  • Author: M. Dinesh Kumar,M.V.K. Sivamohan,Nitin Bassi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136251480
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7378
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This book addresses strategies for food security and sustainable agriculture in developing economies. The book focuses primarily on India, a fast developing economy, whose natural resource base comprising land and water supporting agricultural production is not only under enormous stress, but also complex and not amenable to a uniform strategy. It critically reviews issues which continue to dominate the debate on water management for agricultural and food production. The book examines the validity of the claim that large water resources projects cause serious social and environmental damages using global and national datasets. The authors examine claims that the future of Indian agriculture is in rain-fed farming supported by small water harvesting. They question whether water-abundant eastern India could become the granary of India, through a groundwater revolution with the right policy inputs. In the process, they look at the less researched aspect of the food security challenge, which is land scarcity in eastern India. The book analyzes the physical, economic and social impacts of large-scale adoption of micro irrigation systems, using a farming system approach for north Gujarat. Through an economic valuation of the multiple use benefits from tank systems in western Orissa, it shows how value of water from large public irrigation systems could be enhanced. The book also looks at the reasons for the limited success in bringing about the much needed institutional reforms in canal irrigation for securing higher productivity and equity using case studies of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Finally it addresses how other countries in the developing world, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa could learn from Indian experience.

A Future for Regional Australia

A Future for Regional Australia

Escaping Global Misfortune

  • Author: Ian Gray,Geoffrey Lawrence
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521002271
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 247
  • View: 1506
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This book interprets the predicament faced by Australia's regional people from their own perspective and proposes a means by which they can act together to find a secure future under globalisation. It argues that neoliberalism in combination with its 'real world' effects in economic policy are driving regional Australia further into social, environmental and economic decay. The book will be of great interest to all concerned about the future of regional Australia, and will make a lively and relevant text for students studying the social sciences in the countryside or in the major cities.

Guide to Sources for Agricultural and Biological Research

Guide to Sources for Agricultural and Biological Research

  • Author: J. Richard Blanchard,Lois Farrell
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 9780520032262
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 735
  • View: 2159
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A guide to information sources including abstracts and indexes, library catalogs, government publications, review literature, book reviews, congresses and conferences, dissertations, research in progress, translations, dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauri, abbreviations, directories, lists of periodicals, handbooks and yearbooks, works on experimental procedures, and classification systems.

Agriculture in Mediterranean Europe

Agriculture in Mediterranean Europe

Between Old and New Paradigms

  • Author: Dionisio Ortiz-Miranda,Ana Moragues-Faus,Eladio Arnalte Alegre
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN: 1781905975
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 315
  • View: 9684
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Mediterranean agriculture is by and large envisaged as a landscape of small farms of high nature value producing worldwide recognisable quality food products that make up the basis of the famous Mediterranean diet and shape Southern European cultures.

Integrated Land Use Planning for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development

Integrated Land Use Planning for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development

  • Author: M. V. Rao,V. Suresh Babu,Suman Chandra,G. Ravindra Chary
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1498720013
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 382
  • View: 5135
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Land represents an important resource for the economic life of a majority of people in the world. The way people handle and use land resources impacts their social and economic well-being as well as the sustained quality of land resources. Land use planning is also integral to water resources development and management for agriculture, industry, drinking water, and power generation. This valuable work brings to the forefront the state of practice of land use planning in India, highlighting governmental programs and research with wide-ranging chapters on important topics. Covering various agro-ecosystem, including irrigated, rainfed, coastal, semi-arid, arid (drylands), and hill and mountain (temperate) regions, this volume discusses a variety of issues related to sustainable agriculture and rural development. Chapters address the following questions: •What are the sources, scales, and quality of land resources and land use data for efficient planning • Which are the agroecological systems hot spots that are have been degraded? How can these areas be rejuvenated in terms of quality? • What should be the unit of planning for a holistic approach for the conservation and efficient use of natural resources at different administrative levels and domains? • What are the roles of state land use boards and district planning committees? • How can various programs be integrated and implemented by central and state agencies? • What are the technologies, new policies, and support systems required to address sustainable land use? • What are the legal issues? • What should be the role of communities in planning for poverty alleviation and integrated planning for sustainable agriculture based livelihoods? • What is the role GIS in sustainable agriculture and rural development? With high population growth, endemic poverty, and weak existing institutional capacity for land management, India (and other regions of the world) require strong scientific and strategically important land use policies and methods for sustainable development. This book helps to show the way. This volume is being published in association with the Centre for Agrarian Studies and Disaster Mitigation of the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD and PR).

The Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship in Agriculture and Rural Development

The Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship in Agriculture and Rural Development

  • Author: Gry Agnete Alsos,S. Carter,E. Ljunggren
  • Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 0857933248
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 336
  • View: 6768
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The agriculture sector around the world has experienced profound changes in recent years. This unique and path-breaking Handbook draws together the best current research in the area of entrepreneurship in agriculture, food production and rural development. Agriculture policy reforms have impacted farm incomes, while demand side changes have required the development of sophisticated market driven strategies. Farmers have demonstrated uneven abilities to adapt and adjust to these ongoing changes. The ability and propensity of farmers to engage in entrepreneurial behaviors is a key explanation of the different patterns of responses within the sector. This book examines these issues through three main themes. The first theme focuses on the firm and the individual entrepreneurs, exploring entrepreneurship within the farm sector. The second takes a sector and industry perspective, exploring new developments in food production and distribution systems. The third theme explores the inter-relationship between agricultural entrepreneurship and its spatial context. Contributions are drawn from international research settings (Scandinavia, Europe, Asia, North America, Australasia) and offer an interdisciplinary approach to the subject. This astute Handbook, which will challenge and enrich the current literature, will appeal to academics in entrepreneurship, small business studies, agriculture, rural studies, rural sociology and agricultural economics, as well as food industry economists, policymakers and all those interested in supporting agricultural and rural businesses.

Water Policy and Governance in South Asia

Water Policy and Governance in South Asia

Empowering Rural Communities

  • Author: M. Anwar Hossen
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1134996896
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 4266
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Dr. Hossen carried out an exceptional program of research in Bangladesh which focused on water governance in relation to human rights, international water law and environmental sustainability. His major argument is that eco-agricultural system encounters major disruptions due to a number of factors including regional hydropolitics and neoliberal and highly centralized approaches to water resource management that follow the principles of "ecocracy." In this context, Dr. Hossen explores three major questions: (i) How can local ecological knowledge be incorporated into national water policy? (ii) What strategies and reforms are required at the international watershed governance level? and (iii) How can human rights principles, including the principle of water as a human right, be used to formulate more effective water policy and governance principles? To answer these questions, Dr. Hossen explores the effects of regional hydropolitics on water management, focusing on three large engineering projects, the Farakka Barrage built by India on the Ganges River, and the Ganges-Kobodak (GK) and Gorai River Restoration (GRR) Projects in Bangladesh. This analysis is based on his research into local knowledge and farming practices during a year of fieldwork in 2011-12, focus group discussions, in-depth case studies and social survey methods. In addition to this primary data, he looks at extensive secondary documents from the government of Bangladesh pertaining to water management, agricultural modernization and institutional structures. The arguments herein are applicable particularly to the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin countries in South Asia but also to the river basins of other parts of the world.

Sustainable agriculture in the United States and France

Sustainable agriculture in the United States and France

A Polanyian perspective

  • Author: Mary Elizabeth Barham
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 602
  • View: 4537
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Gendered Fields

Gendered Fields

Rural Women, Agriculture, And Environment

  • Author: Carolyn E Sachs
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429973438
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 6826
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Migration and Agriculture

Migration and Agriculture

Mobility and change in the Mediterranean area

  • Author: Alessandra Corrado,Carlos de Castro,Domenico Perrotta
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131733440X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 370
  • View: 6487
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In recent years, Mediterranean agriculture has experienced important transformations which have led to new forms of labour and production, and in particular to a surge in the recruitment of migrant labour. The Mediterranean Basin represents a very interesting arena that is able to illustrate labour conditions and mobility, the competition among different farming models, and the consequences in terms of the proletarianization process, food crisis and diet changes. Migration and Agriculture brings together international contributors from across several disciplines to describe and analyse labour conditions and international migrations in relation to agri-food restructuring processes. This unique collection of articles connects migration issues with the proletarianization process and agrarian transitions that have affected Southern European as well as some Middle Eastern and Northern African countries in different ways. The chapters present case studies from a range of territories in the Mediterranean Basin, offering empirical data and theoretical analysis in order to grasp the complexity of the processes that are occurring. This book offers a uniquely comprehensive overview of migrations, territories and agro-food production in this key region, and will be an indispensable resource to scholars in migration studies, rural sociology, social geography and the political economy of agriculture.

Farmers' Cooperatives and Sustainable Food Systems in Europe

Farmers' Cooperatives and Sustainable Food Systems in Europe

  • Author: Raquel Ajates Gonzalez
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351216287
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 262
  • View: 1915
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Farmers' cooperatives are very prevalent in the European Union, where they account for approximately half of agricultural trade and thus are key to articulating rural realities and in shaping the sustainability credentials of European food and farming. This book analyses to what extent farmers' cooperatives are working to benefit their members, are showing concern for their communities and are promoting cooperative economies. It offers a multilevel set of theoretical, disciplinary, methodological, empirical and social perspectives, using the UK and Spain as contrasting examples, and analyses whether agricultural cooperatives contribute to achieving sustainable food systems. The book presents empirical data from diverse and rich case studies, from large, international cooperatives, to small, multi-stakeholder initiatives. This provides an alternative viewpoint to that of economics, which tends to dominate the study of agricultural cooperatives. The author presents a new theoretical framework that provides a novel lens to study farmers’ cooperatives as organisations deeply embedded in power dynamics of the food system and agricultural policy that shape and constraint their potential to adopt cooperative and sustainable practices. The book is a major addition to the study of agricultural cooperatives and their impact in the development of fairer and more sustainable food systems and it is one of the first detailed accounts of multi-stakeholder food and farming cooperatives in Europe. It is a valuable resource for all scholars working on cooperatives, as well as for students studying agricultural and food policy, environmental justice and rural sociology.

World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts

World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Agriculture
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7391
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Contested Agronomy

Contested Agronomy

Agricultural Research in a Changing World

  • Author: James Sumberg,John Thompson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136450254
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 232
  • View: 9207
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The dramatic increases in food prices experienced over the last four years, and their effects of hunger and food insecurity, as well as human-induced climate change and its implications for agriculture, food production and food security, are key topics within the field of agronomy and agricultural research. Contested Agronomy addresses these issues by exploring key developments since the mid-1970s, focusing in particular on the emergence of the neoliberal project and the rise of the participation and environmental agendas, taking into consideration how these have had profound impacts on the practice of agronomic research in the developing world especially over the last four decades. This book explores, through a series of case studies, the basis for a much needed ‘political agronomy’ analysis that highlights the impacts of problem framing and narratives, historical disjunctures, epistemic communities and the increasing pressure to demonstrate ‘success’ on both agricultural research and the farmers, processors and consumers it is meant to serve. Whilst being a fascinating and thought-provoking read for professionals in the Agriculture and Environmental sciences, it will also appeal to students and researchers in agricultural policy, development studies, geography, public administration, rural sociology, and science and technology studies.

Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture

Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture

An integrated systems research approach

  • Author: Ingrid Oborn,Bernard Vanlauwe,Michael Phillips,Richard Thomas,Willemien Brooijmans,Kwesi Atta-Krah
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317212002
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 388
  • View: 4908
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Sustainable intensification has recently been developed and adopted as a key concept and driver for research and policy in sustainable agriculture. It includes ecological, economic and social dimensions, where food and nutrition security, gender and equity are crucial components. This book describes different aspects of systems research in agriculture in its broadest sense, where the focus is moved from farming systems to livelihoods systems and institutional innovation. Much of the work represents outputs of the three CGIAR Research Programs on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics, Aquatic Agricultural Systems and Dryland Systems. The chapters are based around four themes: the conceptual underpinnings of systems research; sustainable intensification in practice; integrating nutrition, gender and equity in research for improved livelihoods; and systems and institutional innovation. While most of the case studies are from countries and agro-ecological zones in Africa, there are also some from Latin America, Southeast Asia and the Pacific.