Search Results for "taking-stock-of-delinquency"

Taking Stock of Delinquency

Taking Stock of Delinquency

An Overview of Findings from Contemporary Longitudinal Studies

  • Author: Terence P. Thornberry,Marvin D. Krohn
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0306479451
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 332
  • View: 3250
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume is the comprehensive synthesis of the empirical findings of seven important ongoing longitudinal studies of delinquency. It aims to examine the extent to which these studies answer the basic question of the origins of delinquent and criminal careers despite their varying guiding theories, methods, and settings. This book is an important resource for criminologists, psychologists, sociologists, and students on juvenile delinquency, criminology, developmental psychology, and deviant behavior.

Taking Stock

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory

  • Author: Francis T. Cullen,John Wright,Kristie Blevins
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412809832
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 468
  • View: 1774
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. The very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competing paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Their challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development. The volume begins with an assessment of three perspectives that have long been at the core of criminology: social learning theory, control theory, and strain theory. Drawing on these traditions, two major contemporary macro-level theories of crime have emerged and are here reviewed: institutional-anomie theory and collective efficacy theory. Critical criminology has yielded diverse contributions discussed in essays on feminist theories, radical criminology, peacemaking criminology, and the effects of racial segregation. The volume includes chapters examining Moffitt's insights on life-course persistent/adolescent-limited anti-social behavior and Sampson and Laub's life-course theory of crime. In addition, David Farrington provides a comprehensive assessment of the adequacy of the leading developmental and life-course theories of crime. Finally, Taking Stock presents essays that review the status of perspectives that have direct implications for the use of criminological knowledge to control crime. Taken together, these chapters provide a comprehensive update of the field's leading theories of crime. The volume will be of interest to criminological scholars and will be ideal for classroom use in courses reviewing contemporary theories of criminal behavior.

Health Issues in the Black Community

Health Issues in the Black Community

  • Author: Ronald L. Braithwaite,Sandra E. Taylor,Henrie M. Treadwell
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780470552667
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 650
  • View: 4627
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Health Issues in the Black Community Third Edition Ronald L. Braithwaite I Sandra E. Taylor I Henrie M. Treadwell Health Issues in the Black Community "The outstanding editors and authors of Health Issues in the Black Community have placed in clear perspective the challenges and opportunities we face in working to achieve the goal of health equity in America." — David Satcher, MD, PhD, 16th Surgeon General of the United States and director, Satcher Health Leadership Institute at Morehouse School of Medicine "Eliminating health disparities must be a central goal of any forward thinking national health policy. Health Issues in the Black Community makes a valuable contribution to a much-needed dialogue by focusing on the challenges of the black community." — Marc Morial, Esq., president, National Urban League "Health Issues in the Black Community illuminates comprehensively the range of health conditions specifically affecting African Americans, and the health disparities both within the black community and between racial and ethnic groups. Each chapter, whether addressing the health of African Americans by age, gender, type of disease, condition or behavior, is well-detailed and tells an important story. Together, they offer practitioners, consumers, scholars, and policymakers a crucial roadmap to address and change the social determinants of health, reduce disparities, and create more equal treatment for all Americans." — Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, MD, MBA, president, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation "I recommend Health Issues in the Black Community as a must-read for anyone concerned about the future of the African American community. Health disparities continues to be one of the major issues confronting the black community. This book will help to highlight the issues and keep attention focused on the work to be done." — Elsie Scott, PhD, president of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation "This book is the definitive examination of health issues in black America—issues sadly overlooked and downplayed in our culture and society. I congratulate Drs. Braithwaite, Taylor, and Treadwell for their monumental book." — Cornel West, PhD, professor, Princeton University

Treatment of Childhood Disorders

Treatment of Childhood Disorders

  • Author: Eric J. Mash,Russell A. Barkley
  • Publisher: Guilford Press
  • ISBN: 1572309210
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 884
  • View: 6642
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This major professional reference and text offers an authoritative review of evidence-based treatments for the most prevalent child and adolescent problems. Leading contributors present applications for anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, ADHD, autistic spectrum disorders, learning disabilities, the effects of maltreatment, substance use, and more.

Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency

Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency

A Comprehensive Framework

  • Author: James C. Howell
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412956382
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 377
  • View: 5680
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This text aims to inform students about the latest research and the most promising and effective programs and provides a wealth of information for understanding, preventing and controlling juvenile delinquency. The history of current juvenile justice system policies and practices is examined, including the juvenile violence ′epidemic.′ Key myths about juvenile violence and the ability of the juvenile justice system to handle modern-day juvenile delinquents are discussed in depth. Developmental theories of juvenile delinquency are applied to understanding how juvenile offender careers evolve. Effective prevention and rehabilitation programs and what does not work are reviewed. And finally, a comprehensive framework for building a continuum of effective programs is presented. This book is intended as a supplementary text for undergraduate and graduate courses in juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and violent offender intervention courses. It is also essential reading for juvenile justice and social services research and development specialists.

Integrated Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending

Integrated Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending

  • Author: David P. Farrington
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 1412809282
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 279
  • View: 2885
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Developmental and life-course criminology aims to provide information about how offending and antisocial behavior develops, about risk and protective factors at different ages, and about the effects of life events on the course of development. This volume advances knowledge about these theories of offender behavior, many of which have been formulated only in the last twenty years. It also integrates knowledge about individual, family, peer, school, neighborhood, community, and situational influences on offender behavior, and combines key elements of earlier theories such as strain, social learning, differential association, and control theory. Contributors Benjamin B. Lahey and Irwin D. Waldman focus on antisocial propensity and the importance of biological and individual factors. Alex R. Piquero and Terrie E. Moffitt distinguish between life-course-persistent and adolescent-limited offenders. David P. Farrington presents the Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential (ICAP) theory, which distinguishes between long-term and short-term influences on antisocial potential. Richard F. Catalano, J. David Hawkins, and their colleagues test the Social Development Model (SDM). Marc Le Blanc proposes an integrated multi-layered control theory, in which criminal behavior depends on bonding to society, psychological development, modeling, and constraints. Robert J. Sampson and John H. Laub hypothesize that offending is inhibited by the strength of bonding to family, peers, schools, and later adult social institutions such as marriage and jobs. Terence P. Thornberry and Marvin D. Krohn propose an interactional theory, of antisocial behavior. Per-Olof H. Witkstr�m's developmental ecological action theory emphasizes the importance of situational factors: opportunities cause temptation, friction produces provocation, and monitoring and the risk of sanctions have deterrent effects.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

  • Author: Rosemary Gartner,Bill McCarthy
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199397295
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 768
  • View: 8460
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Research on gender, sex, and crime today remains focused on topics that have been a mainstay of the field for several decades, but it has also recently expanded to include studies from a variety of disciplines, a growing number of countries, and on a wider range of crimes. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime reflects this growing diversity and provides authoritative overviews of current research and theory on how gender and sex shape crime and criminal justice responses to it. The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime offers an unparalleled and comprehensive view of the connections among gender, sex, and crime in the United States and in many other countries. Its insights illuminate both traditional areas of study in the field and pathways for developing cutting-edge research questions.

Developmental and Life-Course Criminology: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Developmental and Life-Course Criminology: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

  • Author: Oxford University Press
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780199803347
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 16
  • View: 4937
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Developmental Assessment of the School-Aged Child with Developmental Disabilities

Developmental Assessment of the School-Aged Child with Developmental Disabilities

A Clinician's Guide

  • Author: M. S. Thambirajah
  • Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780857003256
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4968
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Children and adolescents with emotional and behavioural problems who are referred to mental health services for assessment often have undiagnosed mild learning disabilities, and this guide is written for clinicians involved in making such assessments. It provides full guidance on common developmental disorders and their assessment, focusing on mild to moderate disabilities in the school-aged child. It covers intellectual disabilities, dyslexia, dyscalculia (mathematical disability), autism spectrum disorders, speech and language impairment, developmental coordination disorder, and emotional and personality development. Each chapter includes an account of normal development, including developmental milestones, an overview of the disorder, and its clinical assessment. This important professional guide will be invaluable for all child health and mental health professionals and trainees, including paediatricians, psychiatrists, mental health workers, clinical psychologists and educational psychologists.

The Long View of Crime: A Synthesis of Longitudinal Research

The Long View of Crime: A Synthesis of Longitudinal Research

  • Author: Akiva M. Liberman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0387711651
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 318
  • View: 7430
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume examines longitudinal research in relation to crime and delinquency, and brings together prominent scholars in criminology to discuss theory, methodology, and impact of longitudinal studies in criminology. It answers a key question in Criminology: What have we learned from recent longitudinal studies of crime and delinquency? The volume includes a synthesis of longitudinal studies in criminology over the last 25 years and an appendix.

Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Delinquency

  • Author: Clemens Bartollas
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 562
  • View: 1901
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Juvenile Delinquency" provides a comprehensive, cutting-edge overview of all aspects of juvenile delinquency with a sociological focus. As Simon Dinitz, Ohio State University, says "Clemens Bartollas is genuinely interested in delinquents and in all those who work with and have contact with delinquents. This book reflects Professor Bartollas' abiding intellectual and emotional commitment to understanding and reducing delinquency, as well as ameliorating the personal and social ills that generate the massive delinquency problems not only in the United States but also in nearly all modern industrial nations." Every edition is thoroughly updated to reflect current research. Some exciting new updates in this edition: A new emphasis on the importance of human agency, or the interpretation and meaning that delinquents themselves bring to their social world¬ - as hot area within juvenile delinquency research. Coverage of delinquency across the life course, one of the most promising and exciting perspectives in studying delinquency today, can be found in each chapter. Increased focus on race and delinquency, especially in Chapters 7 and 10, allows for an examination of how racial factors affect the definition, handling, and processing of juvenile delinquents. An updated Chapter 10, "Gang Delinquency" provides more explanation of female gangs. Increased coverage of international juvenile justice in Chapters 14 and 15.

When Crime Appears

When Crime Appears

The Role of Emergence

  • Author: Jean Marie McGloin,Christopher J. Sullivan,Leslie W. Kennedy
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136624481
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 676
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In recent years, the idea of emergence, which suggests that observed patterns in behavior and events are not fully reductive and stem from complex lower-level interactions, has begun to take hold in the social sciences. Criminologists have started to use this framework to improve our general understanding of the etiology of crime and criminal behavior. When Crime Appears: The Role of Emergence is concerned with our ability to make sense of the complex underpinnings of the end-stage patterns and events that we see in studying crime and offers an early narrative on the concept of emergence as it pertains to criminological research. Collectively, the chapters in this volume provide a sense of why the emergence framework could be useful, outlines its core conceptual properties, provides some examples of its potential application, and presents some discussion of methodological and analytic issues related to its adoption.

Bad Apples

Bad Apples

Identify, Prevent & Manage Negative Behavior at Work

  • Author: A. Furnham,J. Taylor
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230303846
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 319
  • View: 4628
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In a difficult economic climate it is more important than ever to manage bad behaviour in the workplace and minimize the damage negative and destructive employees can have on an organization. This book looks at the problems companies can face but also shows how to resolve these issues and work towards a positive outcome.

Case Studies in Sexual Deviance

Case Studies in Sexual Deviance

Toward Evidence Based Practice

  • Author: William T. O'Donohue
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134502621
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 248
  • View: 9601
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The assessment and treatment of sexual deviance can be very difficult tasks, and it can be hard to find mentors to provide initial skills training and help in navigating the many complexities of a particular case. This book presents a series of case studies from international experts in the field that depict the evidence-based assessment and treatment of a variety of paraphilias. Intended as learning tools readers can use as models and from which they can gain insight, these case studies are offered as exemplars of clinical problem solving. The authors of each chapter provide research evidence that justifies treatment decisions, explain their assessment strategies and case formulations, and provide information about how to navigate common problems a clinician will encounter, such as denial, poor motivation, and co-morbid problems. A variety of assessment instruments and treatment strategies are also illustrated. Both new and experienced clinicians will find this book to be an invaluable resource in their own work.

Juvenile Delinquency: The Core

Juvenile Delinquency: The Core

  • Author: Larry J. Siegel,Brandon C. Welsh
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1305856619
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 512
  • View: 7592
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Succinct but thorough and cutting edge, Siegel and Welsh's JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: THE CORE, 6th Edition presents theory, policy, relevant legal cases, and the latest research in a value-priced, student-friendly paperback. This brief text is acclaimed for its authority and balance as well as the authors' ability to completely engage students in the juvenile delinquency course. In around 500 pages, Siegel and Welsh help students understand the nature of delinquency, its causes and correlates, and current strategies being used to control or eliminate its occurrence. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Developmental criminology and its discontents

Developmental criminology and its discontents

trajectories of crime from childhood to old age

  • Author: Robert J. Sampson,John H. Laub,American Academy of Political and Social Science
  • Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
  • ISBN: 9781412936781
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 307
  • View: 7812
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Life-course criminology has generated new energy and provoked sharp debate over competing ideas about the fundamental relationship between age and crime. A major catalyst for this debate - a 2003 American Society of Criminology (ASC) conference session entitled "Age, Crime, and Human Development: The Future of Life-Course Criminology," chaired by the editors of this issue - provided a springboard for this special issue of The Annals. With an eye to the future, this special issue provides critical debate on patterns of age and crime across the full life course - from infancy to late adulthood. Criminal career topics such as onset, continuation, termination, and career length are also discussed, along with the viability of developmental and taxonomic theories of crime, the suitability of existing data archives to test theories, and the prospects for marrying longitudinal and experimental studies. The distinguished papers that appear in this compelling collection include the full set of presentations from the inaugural Albany Symposium on Crime and Justice: "Developmental Criminology and Its Discontents: Offender Typologies and Trajectories of Crime," which took place in April 2005 and built upon the questions raised at the ASC conference session. In addition to the revised original papers and commentaries from the Albany symposium, this journal also includes never-before-published responses to the commentaries by each of the papers' authors. An overview by Alfred Blumstein of the central issues raised at the symposium and a book-review essay by Hans-Jürgen Kerner rounds out the volume and collectively provides a comprehensive representation of the provocative discussion ignited by these intriguing session panels. Centered on the fundamental discussions raised by the life-course paradigm in criminology, this historical issue of The Annals will potentially shape the theoretical and research agenda for years to come. It is an essential resource for scholars, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of criminology, sociology, psychology, criminal justice, aging, human development, and social policy. With a diverse set of viewpoints, this well-rounded and in-depth look at age, crime, and human development is a valuable contribution to existing studies and will serve as a foundation for future research into this lively topic.

Key Issues in Criminal Career Research

Key Issues in Criminal Career Research

New Analyses of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development

  • Author: Alex R. Piquero,David P. Farrington,Alfred Blumstein
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521613095
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 7337
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This 2007 book examines several contentious and under-studied criminal career issues using one of the world's most important longitudinal studies, the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development (CSDD), a longitudinal study of 411 South London boys followed in criminal records to age 40. The analysis reported in the book explores issues related to prevalence, offending frequency, specialization, onset sequences, co-offending, chronicity, career length, and trajectory estimation. The results of the study are considered in the context of developmental/life-course theories, and the authors outline an agenda for criminal career research generally, and within the context of the CSDD specifically.

Developmental and Life Course Studies in Delinquency and Crime

Developmental and Life Course Studies in Delinquency and Crime

A Review of Contemporary Dutch Research

  • Author: Arjan Blokland,Paul Nieuwbeerta
  • Publisher: Eleven International Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 351
  • View: 616
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book brings together some of the best empirical studies in Dutch Development and Life Course research. Developmental and life course criminology (DLC) is an exciting and rapidly growing research area within the larger field of criminology. DLC focuses on explaining the development of anti-social, delinquent and criminal behavior from childhood to adulthood. In doing so, DLC embraces insights from a wide range of academic disciplines including behavioral genetics, developmental psychology and psychiatry, criminology, and life course sociology. Much DLC research is based on Anglo-American data. The number of longitudinal studies and researchers on DLC topics in the Netherlands however, is substantial and increasing. Based on first-rate Dutch research this book covers major topics in DLC. These include the role of individual characteristics, family environment and peers in delinquent development, as well as whether life events and interventions can act as ‘turning points’, and reroute developmental trajectories. The book’s introductory chapter briefly introduces the key points of debate within DLC. Sections introductions further place the selected readings within the larger DLC frame. The book gives an overview of contemporary Dutch DLC research. It also provides a useful introduction to DLC for researchers and students in criminology, psychology, psychiatry and related disciplines, interested in the way criminal behavior progresses over time.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

  • Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019020883X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 960
  • View: 7635
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.

Routledge International Handbook of Psychopathy and Crime

Routledge International Handbook of Psychopathy and Crime

  • Author: Matt DeLisi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351619152
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 686
  • View: 2861
DOWNLOAD NOW »
For over two centuries, psychopathy has stood as perhaps the most formidable risk factor for antisocial behavior, crime, and violence. The Routledge International Handbook of Psychopathy and Crime presents the state-of-the-art on the full landscape of research on antisocial behavior that employs psychopathy as a central correlate. It is the largest and most comprehensive work of its kind, and includes contributions from renowned scholars from around the world. Organized into five distinctive sections, this book covers the etiology of psychopathy; the measurement of psychopathy; the association between psychopathy and diverse forms of homicidal and sexual offending, including serial murder, sexual homicide, rape and child molestation; criminal careers and psychopathy; the role of psychopathy in criminal justice system supervision, including institutional misconduct, noncompliance, and recidivism. This book is an essential resource for students and researchers in criminology, psychology, and criminal justice and will be of interested to all those interested in criminal behavior, sexual and violent crime, forensic psychology and forensic mental health.