# Search Results for "tensors-mathematics-of-differential-geometry-and-relativity"

## TENSORS

*MATHEMATICS OF DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY AND RELATIVITY*

**Author**: AHSAN, ZAFAR**Publisher:**PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.**ISBN:**812035088X**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**240**View:**6262

The principal aim of analysis of tensors is to investigate those relations which remain valid when we change from one coordinate system to another. This book on Tensors requires only a knowledge of elementary calculus, differential equations and classical mechanics as pre-requisites. It provides the readers with all the information about the tensors along with the derivation of all the tensorial relations/equations in a simple manner. The book also deals in detail with topics of importance to the study of special and general relativity and the geometry of differentiable manifolds with a crystal clear exposition. The concepts dealt within the book are well supported by a number of solved examples. A carefully selected set of unsolved problems is also given at the end of each chapter, and the answers and hints for the solution of these problems are given at the end of the book. The applications of tensors to the fields of differential geometry, relativity, cosmology and electromagnetism is another attraction of the present book. This book is intended to serve as text for postgraduate students of mathematics, physics and engineering. It is ideally suited for both students and teachers who are engaged in research in General Theory of Relativity and Differential Geometry.

## TEXTBOOK OF TENSOR CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY

**Author**: PRASUN KUMAR NAYAK**Publisher:**PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.**ISBN:**812034507X**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**552**View:**5039

Primarily intended for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of mathematics, this textbook covers both geometry and tensor in a single volume. This book aims to provide a conceptual exposition of the fundamental results in the theory of tensors. It also illustrates the applications of tensors to differential geometry, mechanics and relativity. Organized in ten chapters, it provides the origin and nature of the tensor along with the scope of the tensor calculus. Besides this, it also discusses N-dimensional Riemannian space, characteristic peculiarity of Riemannian space, intrinsic property of surfaces, and properties and transformation of Christoffel’s symbols. Besides the students of mathematics, this book will be equally useful for the postgraduate students of physics. KEY FEATURES : Contains 250 worked out examples Includes more than 350 unsolved problems Gives thorough foundation in Tensors

## Differential Geometry and Relativity Theory

*An Introduction*

**Author**: Richard L. Faber**Publisher:**CRC Press**ISBN:**9780824717490**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**272**View:**9856

Differentilil Geometry and Relativity Theory: An Introduction approaches relativity asa geometric theory of space and time in which gravity is a manifestation of space-timecurvature, rathe1 than a force. Uniting differential geometry and both special and generalrelativity in a single source, this easy-to-understand text opens the general theory of relativityto mathematics majors having a backgr.ound only in multivariable calculus and linearalgebra.The book offers a broad overview of the physical foundations and mathematical details ofrelativity, and presents concrete physical interpretations of numerous abstract concepts inRiemannian geometry. The work is profusely illustrated with diagrams aiding in the understandingof proofs and explanations. Appendices feature important material on vectoranalysis and hyperbolic functions.Differential Geometry and Relativity Theory: An Introduction serves as the ideal textfor high-level undergraduate couues in mathematics and physics, and includes a solutionsmanual augmenting classroom study. It is an invaluable reference for mathematicians interestedin differential and IUemannian geometry, or the special and general theories ofrelativity

## Differential Geometry and Lie Groups for Physicists

**Author**: Marián Fecko**Publisher:**Cambridge University Press**ISBN:**1139458035**Category:**Science**Page:**N.A**View:**9793

Differential geometry plays an increasingly important role in modern theoretical physics and applied mathematics. This textbook gives an introduction to geometrical topics useful in theoretical physics and applied mathematics, covering: manifolds, tensor fields, differential forms, connections, symplectic geometry, actions of Lie groups, bundles, spinors, and so on. Written in an informal style, the author places a strong emphasis on developing the understanding of the general theory through more than 1000 simple exercises, with complete solutions or detailed hints. The book will prepare readers for studying modern treatments of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, electromagnetism, gauge fields, relativity and gravitation. Differential Geometry and Lie Groups for Physicists is well suited for courses in physics, mathematics and engineering for advanced undergraduate or graduate students, and can also be used for active self-study. The required mathematical background knowledge does not go beyond the level of standard introductory undergraduate mathematics courses.

## Tensor Calculus

*A Concise Course*

**Author**: Barry Spain**Publisher:**Courier Corporation**ISBN:**0486428311**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**125**View:**2909

A compact exposition of the theory of tensors, this text also illustrates the power of the tensor technique by its applications to differential geometry, elasticity, and relativity. Explores tensor algebra, the line element, covariant differentiation, geodesics and parallelism, and curvature tensor. Also covers Euclidean 3-dimensional differential geometry, Cartesian tensors and elasticity, and the theory of relativity. 1960 edition.

## Differential Geometry and Relativity

*A Volume in Honour of André Lichnerowicz on His 60th Birthday*

**Author**: M. Cahen,M. Flato**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media**ISBN:**9401015082**Category:**Science**Page:**320**View:**7522

On the occasion of the sixtieth birthday of Andre Lichnerowicz a number of his friends, many of whom have been his students or coworkers, decided to celebrate this event by preparing a jubilee volume of contributed articles in the two main fields of research marked by Lichnerowicz's work, namely differential geometry and mathematical physics. Limitations of space and time did not enable us to include papers from all Lichnerowicz's friends nor from all his former students. It was equally impossible to reflect in a single book the great variety of subjects tackled by Lichnerowicz. In spite of these limitations, we hope that this book reflects some of the present trends of fields in which he worked, and some of the subjects to which he contributed in his long - and not yet finished - career. This career was very much marked by the influence of his masters, Elie Cartan who introduced him to research in mathematics, mainly in geometry and its relations with mathematical physics, and Georges Darmois who developed his interest for mechanics and physics, especially the theory of relativity and electromagnetism. This par ticular combination, and his personal talent, made of him a natural scientific heir and continuator of the French mathematical physics school in the tradition of Henri Poincare. Some of his works would even be best qualified by a new field name, that of physical ma thematics: branches of pure mathematics entirely motivated by physics.

## From Riemann to Differential Geometry and Relativity

**Author**: Lizhen Ji,Athanase Papadopoulos,Sumio Yamada**Publisher:**Springer**ISBN:**3319600397**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**647**View:**2890

This book explores the work of Bernhard Riemann and its impact on mathematics, philosophy and physics. It features contributions from a range of fields, historical expositions, and selected research articles that were motivated by Riemann’s ideas and demonstrate their timelessness. The editors are convinced of the tremendous value of going into Riemann’s work in depth, investigating his original ideas, integrating them into a broader perspective, and establishing ties with modern science and philosophy. Accordingly, the contributors to this volume are mathematicians, physicists, philosophers and historians of science. The book offers a unique resource for students and researchers in the fields of mathematics, physics and philosophy, historians of science, and more generally to a wide range of readers interested in the history of ideas.

## Differential Geometry

**Author**: J. J. Stoker**Publisher:**John Wiley & Sons**ISBN:**1118165470**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**432**View:**4371

This classic work is now available in an unabridged paperback edition. Stoker makes this fertile branch of mathematics accessible to the nonspecialist by the use of three different notations: vector algebra and calculus, tensor calculus, and the notation devised by Cartan, which employs invariant differential forms as elements in an algebra due to Grassman, combined with an operation called exterior differentiation. Assumed are a passing acquaintance with linear algebra and the basic elements of analysis.

## Differential Geometry And Tensors

**Author**: K.K. Dube**Publisher:**I. K. International Pvt Ltd**ISBN:**9380026587**Category:****Page:**382**View:**9568

The purpose of this book is to give a simple, lucid, rigorous and comprehensive account of fundamental notions of Differential Geometry and Tensors. The book is self-contained and divided in two parts. Section A deals with Differential Geometry and Section B is devoted to the study of Tensors. Section A deals with: " Theory of curves, envelopes and developables. " Curves on surfaces and fundamental magnitudes, curvature of surfaces and lines of curvature. " Fundamental equations of surface theory. " Geodesics. Section B deals with: " Tensor algebra. " Tensor calculus. " Christoffel symbols and their properties. " Riemann symbols and Einstein space, and their properties. " Physical components of contravariant and covariant vectors. " Geodesics and Parallelism of vectors. " Differentiable manifolds, charts, atlases.

## Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

**Author**: Mikio Nakahara**Publisher:**Springer-Verlag**ISBN:**3662453002**Category:**Science**Page:**597**View:**3696

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

## Differential Geometry

*Connections, Curvature, and Characteristic Classes*

**Author**: Loring W. Tu**Publisher:**Springer**ISBN:**3319550845**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**347**View:**9988

This text presents a graduate-level introduction to differential geometry for mathematics and physics students. The exposition follows the historical development of the concepts of connection and curvature with the goal of explaining the Chern–Weil theory of characteristic classes on a principal bundle. Along the way we encounter some of the high points in the history of differential geometry, for example, Gauss' Theorema Egregium and the Gauss–Bonnet theorem. Exercises throughout the book test the reader’s understanding of the material and sometimes illustrate extensions of the theory. Initially, the prerequisites for the reader include a passing familiarity with manifolds. After the first chapter, it becomes necessary to understand and manipulate differential forms. A knowledge of de Rham cohomology is required for the last third of the text. Prerequisite material is contained in author's text An Introduction to Manifolds, and can be learned in one semester. For the benefit of the reader and to establish common notations, Appendix A recalls the basics of manifold theory. Additionally, in an attempt to make the exposition more self-contained, sections on algebraic constructions such as the tensor product and the exterior power are included. Differential geometry, as its name implies, is the study of geometry using differential calculus. It dates back to Newton and Leibniz in the seventeenth century, but it was not until the nineteenth century, with the work of Gauss on surfaces and Riemann on the curvature tensor, that differential geometry flourished and its modern foundation was laid. Over the past one hundred years, differential geometry has proven indispensable to an understanding of the physical world, in Einstein's general theory of relativity, in the theory of gravitation, in gauge theory, and now in string theory. Differential geometry is also useful in topology, several complex variables, algebraic geometry, complex manifolds, and dynamical systems, among other fields. The field has even found applications to group theory as in Gromov's work and to probability theory as in Diaconis's work. It is not too far-fetched to argue that differential geometry should be in every mathematician's arsenal.

## Differential Forms and the Geometry of General Relativity

**Author**: Tevian Dray**Publisher:**CRC Press**ISBN:**1466510005**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**321**View:**8170

Differential Forms and the Geometry of General Relativity provides readers with a coherent path to understanding relativity. Requiring little more than calculus and some linear algebra, it helps readers learn just enough differential geometry to grasp the basics of general relativity. The book contains two intertwined but distinct halves. Designed for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in mathematics or physics, most of the text requires little more than familiarity with calculus and linear algebra. The first half presents an introduction to general relativity that describes some of the surprising implications of relativity without introducing more formalism than necessary. This nonstandard approach uses differential forms rather than tensor calculus and minimizes the use of "index gymnastics" as much as possible. The second half of the book takes a more detailed look at the mathematics of differential forms. It covers the theory behind the mathematics used in the first half by emphasizing a conceptual understanding instead of formal proofs. The book provides a language to describe curvature, the key geometric idea in general relativity.

## DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY OF MANIFOLDS

**Author**: QUDDUS KHAN**Publisher:**PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.**ISBN:**8120346505**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**256**View:**4669

Curves and surfaces are objects that everyone can see, and many of the questions that can be asked about them are natural and easily understood. Differential geometry is concerned with the precise mathematical formulation of some of these questions, while trying to answer them using calculus techniques. The geometry of differentiable manifolds with structures is one of the most important branches of modern differential geometry. This well-written book discusses the theory of differential and Riemannian manifolds to help students understand the basic structures and consequent developments. While introducing concepts such as bundles, exterior algebra and calculus, Lie group and its algebra and calculus, Riemannian geometry, submanifolds and hypersurfaces, almost complex manifolds, etc., enough care has been taken to provide necessary details which enable the reader to grasp them easily. The material of this book has been successfully tried in classroom teaching. The book is designed for the postgraduate students of Mathematics. It will also be useful to the researchers working in the field of differential geometry and its applications to general theory of relativity and cosmology, and other applied areas. KEY FEATURES Provides basic concepts in an easy-to-understand style. Presents the subject in a natural way. Follows a coordinate-free approach. Includes a large number of solved examples and illuminating illustrations. Gives notes and remarks at appropriate places.

## Tensor Analysis and Elementary Differential Geometry for Physicists and Engineers

**Author**: Hung Nguyen-Schäfer,Jan-Philip Schmidt**Publisher:**Springer**ISBN:**3662484978**Category:**Technology & Engineering**Page:**376**View:**7576

This book presents tensors and differential geometry in a comprehensive and approachable manner, providing a bridge from the place where physics and engineering mathematics end, and the place where tensor analysis begins. Among the topics examined are tensor analysis, elementary differential geometry of moving surfaces, and k-differential forms. The book includes numerous examples with solutions and concrete calculations, which guide readers through these complex topics step by step. Mindful of the practical needs of engineers and physicists, book favors simplicity over a more rigorous, formal approach. The book shows readers how to work with tensors and differential geometry and how to apply them to modeling the physical and engineering world. The authors provide chapter-length treatment of topics at the intersection of advanced mathematics, and physics and engineering: • General Basis and Bra-Ket Notation • Tensor Analysis • Elementary Differential Geometry • Differential Forms • Applications of Tensors and Differential Geometry • Tensors and Bra-Ket Notation in Quantum Mechanics The text reviews methods and applications in computational fluid dynamics; continuum mechanics; electrodynamics in special relativity; cosmology in the Minkowski four-dimensional space time; and relativistic and non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Tensor Analysis and Elementary Differential Geometry for Physicists and Engineers benefits research scientists and practicing engineers in a variety of fields, who use tensor analysis and differential geometry in the context of applied physics, and electrical and mechanical engineering. It will also interest graduate students in applied physics and engineering.

## Elements of Tensor Calculus

**Author**: A. Lichnerowicz**Publisher:**Courier Dover Publications**ISBN:**0486805174**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**176**View:**6648

Part I: rigorous presentation of tensor calculus as a develoment of vector analysis. Part II: important applications of tensor calculus. Concluding section: field equations of general relativity theory. 1962 edition.

## An Introduction to General Relativity

**Author**: L. P. Hughston,K. P. Tod**Publisher:**Cambridge University Press**ISBN:**9780521339438**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**183**View:**5528

This textbook provides an introduction to general relativity for mathematics undergraduates or graduate physicists. After a review of Cartesian tensor notation and special relativity the concepts of Riemannian differential geometry are introducted. More emphasis is placed on an intuitive grasp of the subject and a calculational facility than on a rigorous mathematical exposition. General relativity is then presented as a relativistic theory of gravity reducing in the appropriate limits to Newtonian gravity or special relativity. The Schwarzchild solution is derived and the gravitational red-shift, time dilation and classic tests of general relativity are discussed. There is a brief account of gravitational collapse and black holes based on the extended Schwarzchild solution. Other vacuum solutions are described, motivated by their counterparts in linearised general relativity. The book ends with chapters on cosmological solutions to the field equations. There are exercises attached to each chapter, some of which extend the development given in the text.

## The Mathematics of Relativity for the Rest of Us

**Author**: Louis S. Jagerman**Publisher:**Trafford Publishing**ISBN:**155212567X**Category:**Science**Page:**447**View:**2951

The Mathematics of Relativity for the Rest of Us is intended to give the generally educated reader a thorough and factual understanding of Einstein's theory of relativity - including the difficult mathematical concepts, even if the reader is not trained in higher mathematics.

## Introduction to Vector and Tensor Analysis

**Author**: Robert C. Wrede**Publisher:**Courier Corporation**ISBN:**0486137112**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**418**View:**2885

Examines general Cartesian coordinates, the cross product, Einstein's special theory of relativity, bases in general coordinate systems, maxima and minima of functions of two variables, line integrals, integral theorems, and more. 1963 edition.

## Explorations in Mathematical Physics

*The Concepts Behind an Elegant Language*

**Author**: Don Koks**Publisher:**Springer Science & Business Media**ISBN:**0387327932**Category:**Science**Page:**539**View:**7286

Have you ever wondered why the language of modern physics centres on geometry? Or how quantum operators and Dirac brackets work? What a convolution really is? What tensors are all about? Or what field theory and lagrangians are, and why gravity is described as curvature? This book takes you on a tour of the main ideas forming the language of modern mathematical physics. Here you will meet novel approaches to concepts such as determinants and geometry, wave function evolution, statistics, signal processing, and three-dimensional rotations. You will see how the accelerated frames of special relativity tell us about gravity. On the journey, you will discover how tensor notation relates to vector calculus, how differential geometry is built on intuitive concepts, and how variational calculus leads to field theory. You will meet quantum measurement theory, along with Green functions and the art of complex integration, and finally general relativity and cosmology. The book takes a fresh approach to tensor analysis built solely on the metric and vectors, with no need for one-forms. This gives a much more geometrical and intuitive insight into vector and tensor calculus, together with general relativity, than do traditional, more abstract methods. Don Koks is a physicist at the Defence Science and Technology Organisation in Adelaide, Australia. His doctorate in quantum cosmology was obtained from the Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics at Adelaide University. Prior work at the University of Auckland specialised in applied accelerator physics, along with pure and applied mathematics.

## Differentialgleichungen und Mathematische Modellbildung

*Eine praxisnahe Einführung unter Berücksichtigung der Symmetrie-Analyse*

**Author**: Nail H. Ibragimov**Publisher:**Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG**ISBN:**3110492849**Category:**Mathematics**Page:**378**View:**2319

Dieses Lehrbuch führt in das Gebiet der Differentialgleichungen und der mathematischen Modellbildung ein. Dabei werden etablierte und moderne Rechenmethoden besprochen und es wird erläutert, wie diese zur mathematischen Modellierung benutzt werden können. Lie-Gruppen und deren Einsatz zur Lösung von Differentialgleichungen spielen dabei eine tragende Rolle. Es werden gewöhnliche und partielle Differentialgleichungen verschiedener Ordnung behandelt, aus denen individuell Beispiele ausgewählt werden können. In seinem modularen und einfach zu folgenden Aufbau ist dieses Buch ideal für Studenten und Wissenschaftler, die mit mathematischen Modellen umgehen müssen. Inhalt Ausgewählte Kapitel der Analysis Mathematische Modelle Gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen, traditionelle Lösungsmethoden Partielle Differentialgleichungen erster Ordnung Lineare partielle Differentialgleichungen zweiter Ordnung Nichtlineare gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen Nichtlineare Partielle Differentialgleichungen Verallgemeinerte Funktionen oder Distributionen Invarianzprinzip und Fundamentallösung