Search Results for "the-changing-profile-of-the-natural-law"

The Changing Profile of the Natural Law

The Changing Profile of the Natural Law

  • Author: Michael Bertram Crowe
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401509131
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 321
  • View: 7711
DOWNLOAD NOW »
It has more than once been observed that funeral orations for the natural law have always been premature. ! The implication that the concept has a continuing vitality, giving the lie to the prophets of its doom, is justification for yet another book on a subject, now as much as ever in the two and a half millenia of its history a matter of controversy. The history of the natural law has often been written -or at least the history of the concept in the Western European Greco 2 Roman tradition. This study does not claim to be a history, although its method is primarily historical and its subject is an idea that, more perhaps than most, has been shaped by its history. The omissions, Hobbes, Vico, Kant, Hegel for example, amply demonstrate that this is not a systematic history. On the other hand it accepts that In an orderly preparation for the study of natural law the most impor tant step would be to list the main modifications undergone by the notion of natural law as a result of doctrinal and historical cir cumstances? 1 Bergbohm, Jurisprudenz und Rechtsphilosophie, cited in a. M. Manser, Vas Natu"echt in Thomistischer Beleuchtung, p. 1; cf. A. P. d'Entreves, Natural Law, p. 13: "It was declared dead, never to rise again from its ashes. Yet natural law has survived and still calls for discussion. " 2 A.

The Development of Moral Theology

The Development of Moral Theology

Five Strands

  • Author: Charles E. Curran
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 1626160198
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3371
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Charles Curran in his newest book The Development of Moral Theology: Five Strands, brings a unique historical and critical analysis to the five strands that differentiate Catholic moral theology from other approaches to Christian ethics—sin and the manuals of moral theology, the teaching of Thomas Aquinas and later Thomists, natural law, the role of authoritative church teaching in moral areas, and Vatican II. Significant changes have occurred over the course of these historical developments. In addition, pluralism and diversity exist even today, as illustrated, for example, in the theory of natural law proposed by Cardinal Ratzinger. In light of these realities, Curran proposes his understanding of how the strands should influence moral theology today. A concluding chapter highlights the need for a truly theological approach and calls for a significant change in the way that the papal teaching office functions today and its understanding of natural law. In a work useful to anyone who studies Catholic moral theology, The Development of Moral Theology underscores, in the light of the historical development of these strands, the importance of a truly theological and critical approach to moral theology that has significant ramifications for the life of the Catholic church.

Nature as Reason

Nature as Reason

A Thomistic Theory of the Natural Law

  • Author: Jean Porter
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780802849069
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 420
  • View: 7680
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This noteworthy book develops a new theory of the natural law that takes its orientation from the account of the natural law developed by Thomas Aquinas, as interpreted and supplemented in the context of scholastic theology in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Though this history might seem irrelevant to twenty-first-century life, Jean Porter shows that the scholastic approach to the natural law still has much to contribute to the contemporary discussion of Christian ethics. Aquinas and his interlocutors provide a way of thinking about the natural law that is distinctively theological while at the same time remaining open to other intellectual perspectives, including those of science. In the course of her work, Porter examines the scholastics' assumptions and beliefs about nature, Aquinas's account of happiness, and the overarching claim that reason can generate moral norms. Ultimately, Porter argues that a Thomistic theory of the natural law is well suited to provide a starting point for developing a more nuanced account of the relationship between specific beliefs and practices. While Aquinas's approach to the natural law may not provide a system of ethical norms that is both universally compelling and detailed enough to be practical, it does offer something that is arguably more valuable -- namely, a way of reflecting theologically on the phenomenon of human morality.

Reassessing Legal Humanism and its Claims

Reassessing Legal Humanism and its Claims

  • Author: Paul J du Plessis
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 1474408869
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 408
  • View: 1735
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a fundamental reassessment of the nature and impact of legal humanism on the development of law in Europe. It brings together the foremost international experts in related fields such as legal and intellectual history to debate central issues surrounding this movement.

Poverty and Morality

Poverty and Morality

Religious and Secular Perspectives

  • Author: William A. Galston,Peter H. Hoffenberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139491067
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9087
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This multi-authored book explores the ways that many influential ethical traditions - secular and religious, Western and non-Western - wrestle with the moral dimensions of poverty and the needs of the poor. These traditions include Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism, among the religious perspectives; classical liberalism, feminism, liberal-egalitarianism, and Marxism, among the secular; and natural law, which might be claimed by both. The basic questions addressed by each of these traditions are linked to several overarching themes: what poverty is, the particular vulnerabilities of high-risk groups, responsibility for the occurrence of poverty, preferred remedies, how responsibility for its alleviation is distributed, and priorities in the delivery of assistance. This volume features an introduction to the types, scope, and causes of poverty in the modern world and concludes with Michael Walzer's broadly conceived commentary, which provides a direct comparison of the presented views and makes suggestions for further study and policy.

The Ends of the Moral Virtues and the First Principles of Practical Reason in Thomas Aquinas

The Ends of the Moral Virtues and the First Principles of Practical Reason in Thomas Aquinas

  • Author: Farrell Dominic
  • Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop
  • ISBN: 8878392308
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 359
  • View: 8346
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How do ordinary people come to know what is virtuous? Do our moral convictions merely reflect our cultural background and upbringing, or do we somehow understand what is virtuous by ourselves and in a failsafe manner? Thomas Aquinas believes that we do. In his view practical reason is guided by our natural knowledge of the end of the moral virtues. The ends of the moral virtues pre-exist in practical reason (Summa theologiae II-II.47.6-7). This book delves into this argument, its historical background, and its implications for Aquinas' account of the cognitive foundations of deliberation. For Thomas, the naturally known overarching ends of the moral virtues and human life are love for God, self and others. They are first principles of practical reason. This order of love determines the content, logic and workings of natural law. In this way, Aquinas not only develops a compelling account of natural law, but also bridges the gap between natural law and virtue. The fundamental content of natural law is tied up with the shape and structure of the moral virtues. Aquinas' innovative wedding of Aristotelian and Augustinian accounts of deliberation constitutes an important chapter within mediaeval moral philosophy. It can also contribute much to contemporary reflection on practical reason, natural law and virtue ethics.

Natural and Divine Law

Natural and Divine Law

Reclaiming the Tradition for Christian Ethics

  • Author: Jean Porter
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780802846976
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 340
  • View: 821
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Though the concept of natural law took center stage during the Middle Ages, the theological aspects of this august intellectual tradition have been largely forgotten by the modern church. In this book ethicist Jean Porter shows the continuing significance of the natural law tradition for Christian ethics. Based on a careful analysis of natural law as it emerged in the medieval period, Porter's work explores several important scholastic theologians and canonists whose writings are not only worthy of study in their own right but also make important contributions to moral reflection today.

Natural Law and Moral Philosophy

Natural Law and Moral Philosophy

From Grotius to the Scottish Enlightenment

  • Author: Knud Haakonssen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521498029
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 386
  • View: 8077
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Providing the most comprehensive guide to modern natural law theory available, this major contribution to the history of philosophy sets out the full background to liberal ideas of rights and contractarianism, and offers an extensive study of the Scottish Enlightenment.

The Tasks of Philosophy

The Tasks of Philosophy

Selected Essays, Volume 1

  • Author: Alasdair MacIntyre
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521854377
  • Category: History
  • Page: 230
  • View: 7560
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this volume, first published in 2006, Alasdair MacIntyre examines some fundamental philosophical questions in this first of two volumes of selected essays.

The Tasks of Philosophy: Volume 1

The Tasks of Philosophy: Volume 1

Selected Essays

  • Author: Alasdair MacIntyre
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139452601
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8640
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How should we respond when some of our basic beliefs are put into question? What makes a human body distinctively human? Why is truth an important good? These are among the questions explored in this 2006 collection of essays by Alasdair MacIntyre, one of the most creative and influential philosophers working today. Ten of MacIntyre's most influential essays written over almost thirty years are collected together here for the first time. They range over such topics as the issues raised by different types of relativism, what it is about human beings that cannot be understood by the natural sciences, the relationship between the ends of life and the ends of philosophical writing, and the relationship of moral philosophy to contemporary social practice. They will appeal to a wide range of readers across philosophy and especially in moral philosophy, political philosophy, and theology.

After the Natural Law

After the Natural Law

How the Classical Worldview Supports Our Modern Moral and Political Views

  • Author: John Lawrence Hill
  • Publisher: Ignatius Press
  • ISBN: 1621640175
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 306
  • View: 981
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The "natural law" worldview developed over the course of almost two thousand years beginning with Plato and Aristotle and culminating with St. Thomas Aquinas in the thirteenth century. This tradition holds that the world is ordered, intelligible and good, that there are objective moral truths which we can know and that human beings can achieve true happiness only by following our inborn nature, which draws us toward our own perfection. Most accounts of the natural law are based on a God-centered understanding of the world. After the Natural Law traces this tradition from Plato and Aristotle to Thomas Aquinas and then describes how and why modern philosophers such as Descartes, Locke and Hobbes began to chip away at this foundation. The book argues that natural law is a necessary foundation for our most important moral and political values – freedom, human rights, equality, responsibility and human dignity, among others. Without a theory of natural law, these values lose their coherence: we literally cannot make sense of them given the assumptions of modern philosophy. Part I of the book traces the development of natural law theory from Plato and Aristotle through the crowning achievement of Thomas Aquinas. Part II explores how modern philosophers have systematically chipped away at the only coherent foundation for these values. As a result, our most important moral and political ideals today are incoherent. Modern political and moral thinkers have been led either to dilute the meaning of such terms as freedom or the moral good – or abandon these ideas altogether. Thus, modern philosophy and political thought are leading us either toward anarchy or totalitarianism. The conclusion, entitled "Why God Matters", shows how even the philosophical assumptions of the natural law depend on a personal God.

Cultural Diversity, Educational Equity, and the Transformation of Higher Education

Cultural Diversity, Educational Equity, and the Transformation of Higher Education

Group Profiles as a Guide to Policy and Programming

  • Author: Michael Benjamin
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275955441
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 212
  • View: 6745
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Constructs detailed profiles of selected ethnic minority groups and uses those profiles as a basis for reconstructing cultural diversity policy and programming in North American colleges and universities. Considers African Americans, Black Caribbean Canadians, Hispanics, and Asians, and uses Jews as

Culture and the Thomist Tradition

Culture and the Thomist Tradition

After Vatican II

  • Author: Tracey Rowland
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415305273
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 226
  • View: 6962
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Thomism's influence upon the development of Catholicism is difficult to overestimate - but how secure is its grip on the challenges that face contemporary society? Culture and the Thomist Tradition examines the crisis of Thomism today as thrown into relief by Vatican II, the twenty-first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church. Following the Church's declarations on culture in the document Gaudium et spes - the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World - it was widely presumed that a mandate had been given for transposing ecclesiastical culture into the idioms of modernity. But, says Tracey Rowland, such an understanding is not only based on a facile reading of the Conciliar documents, but was made possible by Thomism's own failure to demonstrate a workable theology of culture that might guide the Church through such transpositions. A Thomism that fails to specify the precise rôle of culture in moral fomration is problematice in a multicultural age, where Christians are exposed to a complex matrix of institutions and traditions both theistic and secular. The ambivalence of the Thomist tradition to modernity, and modern conceptions of rationality, also impedes its ability to successfully engage with the arguments of rivial traditions. Must a genuinely progressive Thomism learn to accomodate modernity? In opposition to such a stance, and in support of those who have resisted the trend in post-Conciliarliturgy to mimic the modernistic forms of mass culture, Culture and the Thomist Tradition musters a synthesis of the theological critiques of modernity to be found in the works of Alasdair MacIntyre, scholars of the international 'Communio' project and the Radical Orthodoxy circle. This synthesis, intended as a post-modern Augustinian Thomism, provides an account of the rôle of culture, memory and narrative tradition in the formation of intellectual and moral character. Re-evaluating the outcome of Vatican II, and forming the basis of a much-needed Thomist theology of culture, the book argues that the anti-beauty orientation of mass culture acts as a barrier to the theological virtue of hope, and ultimately fosters despair and atheism.

Science Talk

Science Talk

Changing Notions of Science in American Culture

  • Author: Daniel Patrick Thurs
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN: 0813541522
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 5229
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Science news is met by the public with a mixture of fascination and disengagement. On the one hand, Americans are inflamed by topics ranging from the question of whether or not Pluto is a planet to the ethics of stem-cell research. But the complexity of scientific research can also be confusing and overwhelming, causing many to divert their attentions elsewhere and leave science to the “experts.” Whether they follow science news closely or not, Americans take for granted that discoveries in the sciences are occurring constantly. Few, however, stop to consider how these advances—and the debates they sometimes lead to—contribute to the changing definition of the term “science” itself. Going beyond the issue-centered debates, Daniel Patrick Thurs examines what these controversies say about how we understand science now and in the future. Drawing on his analysis of magazines, newspapers, journals and other forms of public discourse, Thurs describes how science—originally used as a synonym for general knowledge—became a term to distinguish particular subjects as elite forms of study accessible only to the highly educated.

The biology of business

The biology of business

decoding the natural laws of enterprise

  • Author: John Henry Clippinger
  • Publisher: Jossey-Bass
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 287
  • View: 9211
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The challenge to all forms of complex organizations, business included, is surviving on the "fitness landscape" in which they find themselves. It is a landscape where survival is a race against time -- locating the right organizational options before extinction. The seven principles for reaching "the sweet spot"--where chaos and stability are balanced for maximum organizational fitness--are outlined in this book.

The Changing Constitution

The Changing Constitution

  • Author: Sir Jeffrey Jowell,Dawn Oliver
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199205110
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 443
  • View: 3299
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since its first edition in 1985, The Changing Constitution has cemented its reputation for providing concise, scholarly and thought-provoking essays on the key issues surrounding the UK's constitutional development, and the current debates around reform. The sixth edition of a highly successful volume provides a thorough review of the latest developments in constitutional reform. It includes a new chapter on 'Constitutional Watchdogs' and expanded consideration of freedom of information and the control of public expenditure. Professors Jowell and Oliver have brought together nineteen expert contributors to offer an invaluable source of material and analysis for all students of public law.

A Dictionary of Science, Literature, & Art

A Dictionary of Science, Literature, & Art

Comprising the History, Description, and Scientific Principles of Every Branch of Human Knowledge; with the Derivation and Definition of All the Terms in General Use

  • Author: William Thomas Brande
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 1423
  • View: 8577
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Offshore Oil and Gas Installations Security

Offshore Oil and Gas Installations Security

An International Perspective

  • Author: Mikhail Kashubsky
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1317746147
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 520
  • View: 8323
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Oil and natural gas, which today account for over 60% of the world’s energy supply, are often produced by offshore platforms. One third of all oil and gas comes from the offshore sector. However, offshore oil and gas installations are generally considered intrinsically vulnerable to deliberate attacks. The changing security landscape and concerns about the threats of terrorism and piracy to offshore oil and gas installations are major issues for energy companies and governments worldwide. But, how common are attacks on offshore oil and gas installations? Who attacks offshore installations? Why are they attacked? How are they attacked? How is their security regulated at the international level? How has the oil industry responded? This timely and first of its kind publication answers these questions and examines the protection and security of offshore oil and gas installations from a global, industry-wide and company-level perspective. Looking at attacks on offshore installations that occurred throughout history of the offshore petroleum industry, it examines the different types of security threats facing offshore installations, the factors that make offshore installations attractive targets, the nature of attacks and the potentially devastating impacts that can result from attacks on these important facilities. It then examines the international legal framework, state practice and international oil and gas industry responses that aim to address this vital problem. Crucially, the book includes a comprehensive dataset of attacks and security incidents involving offshore oil and gas installations entitled the Offshore Installations Attack Dataset (OIAD). This is an indispensable reference work for oil and gas industry professionals, company security officers, policy makers, maritime lawyers and academics worldwide.

Self-Similarity Simplification Approaches for the Modeling and Analysis of Rockwell Hardness Indentation

Self-Similarity Simplification Approaches for the Modeling and Analysis of Rockwell Hardness Indentation

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781422318423
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5211
DOWNLOAD NOW »