Search Results for "the-changing-worlds-of-geography-a-critical-guide-to-concepts-and-methods"

The Changing Worlds of Géography

The Changing Worlds of Géography

A Critical Guide to Concepts and Methods

  • Author: James Harold Bird
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 299
  • View: 4216
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This guide to the methodology of geography surveys proposed approaches to geography and assesses their advantages and disadvantages. Bird discusses scale in geography, behavioral geography, systems, physical geography, and creativity and change in geography.

Key Concepts in Geography

Key Concepts in Geography

  • Author: Nicholas Clifford,Sarah Holloway,Stephen P Rice,Gill Valentine
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446206653
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 480
  • View: 5173
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"This book clearly outlines key concepts that all geographers should readily be able to explain. It does so in a highly accessible way. It is likely to be a text that my students will return to throughout their degree." - Dr Karen Parkhill, Bangor University "The editors have done a fantastic job. This second edition is really accessible to the student and provides the key literature in the key geographical terms of scale, space, time, place and landscape." - Dr Elias Symeonakis, Manchester Metropolitan University "An excellent introductory text for accessible overviews of key concepts across human and physical geography." - Professor Patrick Devine-Wright, Exeter University Including ten new chapters on nature, globalization, development and risk, and a new section on practicing geography, this is a completely revised and updated edition of the best-selling, standard student resource. Key Concepts in Geography explains the key terms - space, time, place, scale, landscape - that define the language of geography. It is unique in the reference literature as it provides in one volume concepts from both human geography and physical geography. Four introductory chapters on different intellectual traditions in geography situate and introduce the entries on the key concepts. Each entry then comprises a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. Written in an accessible way by established figures in the discipline, the definitions provide thorough explanations of all the core concepts that undergraduates of geography must understand to complete their degree.

GEOGRAPHY - Volume I

GEOGRAPHY - Volume I

  • Author: Maria Sala
  • Publisher: EOLSS Publications
  • ISBN: 190583960X
  • Category:
  • Page: 482
  • View: 1526
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Geography is a component of Encyclopedia of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Geographical perceptions can be traced from very ancient cultures, although geography as a science started its development during the eighteen century, it was firmly established after the Darwinian revolution and many of its fundamentals appeared during the nineteenth century. The history of geography is closely connected with the history of human society Geography embraces both the physical and human worlds, and aims to bridge natural and human sciences. For a geographer, although the environment and its conservation is a crucial item, it is also fundamentally concerned with the living standards of humankind. Although its wide embrace may be seen as a weakness, diversification is also strength and an attraction. Approaches are multidisciplinary, exploring the complex linkages between the cultural and the natural. These favor cross-cultural communication and mutual understanding at a global scale. There is a geographical basis to most of the outstanding political problems, and geographical reasons to explain them. The subject matter of the geography theme is presented basically on how the subject matter is taught presently at the universities, and following the many paths its practitioners are following in doing research. It introduces modern subject matters and goes much further than a simple description of places and travels. The theme has been divided into four main topics: Foundations, Physical Geography, Human Geography, and Technical matters. The scope of the foundation topic is to present an overview of the basis of the geographical field, its scope, history, methods, and its importance in education. The chapters included are Main Stages of the Development, Theory and Methods, and Geographical Education. The Physical Geography topic includes the historical background of the geographical study of the Earth natural environment, and the main fields cultivated by geographers. It consists of eight chapters on basic research fields, which are Geomorphology, Climatology, Hydrology, Biogeography, Soil Geography, Coastal Systems, Ocean Geography, Mountain Geoecology, and two chapters on environmental issues: Natural Hazards and Land Degradation and Desertification. In the Human Geography topic six chapters discuss the more current fields, that is: Population, Cultural and Social, Agricultural and Rural, Industries and Transport, Economic Activities and Urban Geography. Three chapters present subjects developed more recently: Medical, Political and Tourism geographies. Finally, the Regional approach is presented as the most traditional and integrative field. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Confronting Scale in Archaeology

Confronting Scale in Archaeology

Issues of Theory and Practice

  • Author: Gary Lock
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780387757018
  • Category: History
  • Page: 280
  • View: 2602
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Without realizing, most archaeologists shift within a scale of interpretation of material culture. Material data is interpreted from the scale of an individual in a specific place and time and then shifts to the complex dynamics of cultural groups extending over time and space. This ignoring of scale is the "concession" archaeologists make to interpretation. The introduction of geographical information systems (GIS) remote sensing, and virtual reality have expanded the scale at which data is interpreted even more, using multiple scales at the same time without recognizing the significance of their actions. This book discusses the cultural, social and spatial aspects of scale and its impact on archaeology in practical and applicable cases. Each author takes one of the fundamental elements of archaeology - from the experience of time and space to the visualization of individuals, sites and landscapes to the intricacies of archaeological discourse - and shows how an awareness of scale can create new and exciting interpretations.

Systems Approaches and Their Application

Systems Approaches and Their Application

Examples from Sweden

  • Author: Mats-Olov Olsson,Gunnar Sjöstedt
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9781402023705
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 340
  • View: 9629
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This book describes the application of systems thinking across a broad field of cases representing research, teaching, decision support and construction. All cases are presented by experts who have actually been involved in the activities they describe. The broad selection of cases captures the great variation of systems thinking, and how it is integrated into models and theories and solid knowledge pertaining to different substantive areas.

Unifying Geography

Unifying Geography

Common Heritage, Shared Future

  • Author: David T. Herbert,Professor of Geography and Vice-Principal David T Herbert,John A. Matthews
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134405138
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 3586
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It can be argued that the differences in content and approach between physical and human geography, and also within its sub-disciplines, are often overemphasised. The result is that geography is often seen as a diverse and dynamic subject, but also as a disorganised and fragmenting one, without a focus. Unifying Geography focuses on the plural and competing versions of unity that characterise the discipline, which give it cohesion and differentiate it from related fields of knowledge. Each of the chapters is co-authored by both a leading physical and a human geographer. Themes identified include those of the traditional core as well as new and developing topics that are based on subject matter, concepts, methodology, theory, techniques and applications. Through its identification of unifying themes, the book will provide students with a meaningful framework through which to understand the nature of the geographical discipline. Unifying Geography will give the discipline renewed strength and direction, thus improving its status both within and outside geography.

Atlas of Global Development

Atlas of Global Development

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 0821386646
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 144
  • View: 8659
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For the first time, the Atlas comes with the new World Bank e-Atlas of Global Development. Map and graph 179 indicators from the World Bank's development database. Features include worldwide mapping, timeline graphing, ranking tables, easy navigation, comparative mode, and exporting and sharing of graphics."--Back cover.

21st Century Geography

21st Century Geography

  • Author: Joseph P. Stoltman
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 141297464X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 883
  • View: 2588
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This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Future Survey Annual 1988-1989

Future Survey Annual 1988-1989

A Guide to the Recent Literature of Trends, Forecasts and Policy Proposals

  • Author: Michael Marien,Lane Jennings
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780930242350
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 212
  • View: 3030
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BMW Z-cars have carved a huge reputation for themselves in a very short time. From the revolutionary and innovative Z1 of the late 1980s to the beautiful and exclusive Z8 of more recent times, via the popular Z3 and its controversial replacement, the Z4, the family has made BMW's name in the increasingly competitive sports-car market.

The Index

The Index

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7821
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The Index ...

The Index ...

A Weekly Paper

  • Author: Benjamin Franklin Underwood
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1232
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Scientific American

Scientific American

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4705
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Visual Methodologies

Visual Methodologies

An Introduction to Researching with Visual Materials

  • Author: Gillian Rose
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446254011
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 5416
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"If you need to carry out research into visuals then Rose's book provides straight forward practical assistance for how to do so... She explains clearly how we can deal with the visual from diverse approaches such as content analysis, semiotics, psychoanalysis and discourse analysis, all explained carefully, using examples, in terms of the stages of a research project." - David Machin, Cardiff University "The authoritative introductory text on the methods of visual research. Conveying the richness and excitement of visual culture research, Rose expertly navigates across a range of methodologies, explaining in detail their particular usefulness and limitations through practical examples." - Julie Doyle, University of Brighton "A welcome overview of the state of the field. Visual Methodologies succeeds both as an introductory text, certain to be widely adopted in the classroom, and as a sophisticated refresher course for those who have followed the rapid maturation of this remarkable interdisciplinary discourse - Martin Jay, University of California, Berkeley With over 25,000 copies sold worldwide, Gillian Rose's book is the bestselling critical introduction to the study and analysis of visual culture. Each chapter provides a rigorous examination and demonstration of an individual methodology, with case studies, colour images, suggested further reading and visual examples throughout. Reflecting changes in the way society consumes and creates its visual content, the updated Third Edition includes: A companion website featuring additional examples of digital media, social media, and moving images. Visit www.sagepub.co.uk/rose An additional chapter and expanded coverage on social and new media, and more information on the mass media in general (TV, print and broadcasting) An expanded focus on how each method can be used in relation to a range of different visual materials A new chapter on how to use visual materials for research and the presentation of research findings. A now classic text, the book will be used by undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers and academics looking to understand and clearly grasp the complex debates and ideas in visual analysis and interpretation.

Aid on the Edge of Chaos

Aid on the Edge of Chaos

Rethinking International Cooperation in a Complex World

  • Author: Ben Ramalingam
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191503444
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 480
  • View: 2806
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Many agree that the foreign aid system - which today involves virtually every nation on earth - needs drastic change. But there is much conflict as to what should be done. In Aid on the Edge of Chaos, Ben Ramalingam argues that what is most needed is the creative and innovative transformation of how aid works. Foreign aid today is dominated by linear, mechanistic ideas that emerged from early twentieth century industry, and are ill-suited to the world we face today. The problems and systems aid agencies deal with on a daily basis have more in common with ecosystems than machines: they are interconnected, diverse, and dynamic; they cannot be just simply re-engineered or fixed. Outside of aid, social scientists, economists, business leaders, and policy makers have started applying innovative and scientific approaches to such problems, informed by ideas from the 'new science' of complex adaptive systems. Inspired by these efforts, aid practitioners and researchers have started experimenting with such approaches in their own work. This book showcases the experiences, insights, and often remarkable results of innovative thinkers and practitioners who are working to bring these approaches into the mainstream of aid. From transforming child malnutrition to rethinking economic growth, from building peace to reversing desertification, from rural Vietnam to urban Kenya, the ideas of complex systems thinking are starting to be used to make foreign aid more relevant, more appropriate, and more catalytic. Aid on the Edge of Chaos argues that such ideas and approaches should play a vital part of the transformation of aid. Aid should move from being an imperfect post-World War II global resource transfer system, to a new form of global cooperation that is truly fit for the twenty-first century.

Teacher Development in Action

Teacher Development in Action

Understanding Language Teachers' Conceptual Change

  • Author: M. Kubanyiova
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230348424
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 220
  • View: 1391
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Bringing together multiple sources of data and combining existing theories across language teacher cognition, teacher education, second language motivation and psychology, this empirically-grounded analysis of teacher development in action offers new insights into the complex and dynamic nature of language teachers' conceptual change.

Phylogenies in Ecology

Phylogenies in Ecology

A Guide to Concepts and Methods

  • Author: Marc W. Cadotte,T. Jonathan Davies
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400881196
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 780
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Phylogenies in Ecology is the first book to critically review the application of phylogenetic methods in ecology, and it serves as a primer to working ecologists and students of ecology wishing to understand these methods. This book demonstrates how phylogenetic information is transforming ecology by offering fresh ways to estimate the similarities and differences among species, and by providing deeper, evolutionary-based insights on species distributions, coexistence, and niche partitioning. Marc Cadotte and Jonathan Davies examine this emerging area's explosive growth, allowing for this new body of hypotheses testing. Cadotte and Davies systematically look at all the main areas of current ecophylogenetic methodology, testing, and inference. Each chapter of their book covers a unique topic, emphasizes key assumptions, and introduces the appropriate statistical methods and null models required for testing phylogenetically informed hypotheses. The applications presented throughout are supported and connected by examples relying on real-world data that have been analyzed using the open-source programming language, R. Showing how phylogenetic methods are shedding light on fundamental ecological questions related to species coexistence, conservation, and global change, Phylogenies in Ecology will interest anyone who thinks that evolution might be important in their data.

Community Practice

Community Practice

Theories and Skills for Social Workers

  • Author: David A. Hardcastle
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199842650
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 456
  • View: 3659
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For almost two decades, Community Practice has been a definitive text for social workers, community practitioners, and students eager to help individuals contribute to and use community resources or work to change oppressive community structures. In this third edition, a wealth of new charts and cases spotlight the linkages between theoretical orientations and practical skills, with an enhanced emphasis on the inherently political nature of social work and community practice. Boxes, examples, and exercises illustrate the range of skills and strategies available to savvy community practitioners in the 21st century, including networking, marketing and staging, political advocacy, and leveraging information and communication technologies. Other features include: - New material on community practice ethics, critical practice skills, community assessment and assets inventory and mapping, social problem analysis, and applying community ractice skills to casework practice - Consideration of post-9/11 community challenges - Discussion on the changing ethnic composition of America and what this means for practitioners - An exploration of a vastly changed political landscape following the election of President Obama, the Great Recession, the rise of the Tea Party, and the increasing political and corporate use of pseudo-grassroots endeavors - A completely revamped instructor's manual available online at www.oup.com/us/communitypractice This fully revised classic text provides a comprehensive and integrated overview of the community theory and skills fundamental to all areas of social work practice. Broad in scope and intensive in analysis, it is suitable for undergraduate as well as graduate study. Community Practice offers students and practitioners the tools necessary to promote the welfare of individuals and communities by tapping into the ecological foundations of community and social work practice.

The Age of Steel

The Age of Steel

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Iron industry and trade
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8090
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Geschichte der Universität in Europa

Geschichte der Universität in Europa

  • Author: Walter Rüegg
  • Publisher: C.H.Beck
  • ISBN: 9783406369551
  • Category: Universities and colleges
  • Page: 559
  • View: 6587
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Geography

Geography

History and Concepts

  • Author: Arild Holt-Jensen
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1412946492
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 894
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This now standard student reference has been totally revised and updated. It remains the definitive introduction to the history, philosophy, and methodology of human geography. The book is organized into five sections: An historical overview of the discipline and an explanation of its organization; with more on the growth of spatial sciences, Geographical Information Systems, and ways of representing the world An examination of geography from Antiquity to the early modern period An analysis of paradigm shifts in geography, the philosophy of science, and the quantitative revolution; A critical discussion of positivism, empiricism, structuration theory, realism; as well as an introduction to core themes and concepts in current geographical thought including space, place, and post-modernism A review of global processes and local responses, from economic globalization to global environmental change