Search Results for "the-cuban-revolution-origins-course-and-legacy"

The Cuban Revolution

The Cuban Revolution

Origins, Course, and Legacy

  • Author: Marifeli Pérez-Stable
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195127492
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 2259
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This timely and provocative study provides a reexamination of the achievements and failures of the Cuban revolution, placing it firmly within the context of twentieth century Cuban history. Beginning with the inauguration of the republic in 1902 and addressing Castro's triumphant entry into Santiago de Cuba in 1959, The Cuban Revolution highlights the factors which made Cuba susceptible to revolution, including its one-crop (sugar) economy and U.S. interference in Cuban affairs. While identifying nationalism and the struggle for social justice as the legitimate forces behind the revolution, Pérez-Stable also provides insight into the problems facing Castro's Cuba. Arguing that the revolution actually ended in 1970, she blames its defeat on the regime's profitable yet doomed dependence on the Soviet Union. She further charges that Cuba's leaders failed to diversify the country's economy, to sustain development, or to create democratic institutions. Now in its second edition, The Cuban Revolution has been updated to include an entirely new chapter on the changes affecting Cuba's policies and economy since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the failure of communism in general. The second edition also includes a new preface, an up-to-date bibliography, and a thoroughly revised concluding chapter summing up the prospects and possibilities of Cuba's future in the twenty-first century. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in Latin American history and politics, The Cuban Revolution offers students fresh insights into the successes and failures of the Cuban Revolution.

The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered

The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered

  • Author: Samuel Farber
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 9780807877098
  • Category: History
  • Page: 230
  • View: 9615
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Analyzing the crucial period of the Cuban Revolution from 1959 to 1961, Samuel Farber challenges dominant scholarly and popular views of the revolution's sources, shape, and historical trajectory. Unlike many observers, who treat Cuba's revolutionary leaders as having merely reacted to U.S. policies or domestic socioeconomic conditions, Farber shows that revolutionary leaders, while acting under serious constraints, were nevertheless autonomous agents pursuing their own independent ideological visions, although not necessarily according to a master plan. Exploring how historical conflicts between U.S. and Cuban interests colored the reactions of both nations' leaders after the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista, Farber argues that the structure of Cuba's economy and politics in the first half of the twentieth century made the island ripe for radical social and economic change, and the ascendant Soviet Union was on hand to provide early assistance. Taking advantage of recently declassified U.S. and Soviet documents as well as biographical and narrative literature from Cuba, Farber focuses on three key years to explain how the Cuban rebellion rapidly evolved from a multiclass, antidictatorial movement into a full-fledged social revolution.

Mein Bruder Che

Mein Bruder Che

  • Author: Juan Martín Guevara,Armelle Vincent
  • Publisher: Tropen
  • ISBN: 3608108750
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 352
  • View: 1490
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Als die Guevaras aus den Schlagzeilen der Tageszeitungen vom Tod Ches erfahren, beschließen sie, sich in Schweigen zu hüllen. Jetzt, fünfzig Jahre später, ist für seinen jüngeren Bruder Juan Martín der Augenblick gekommen, der Welt seine Erinnerungen mitzuteilen und zu enthüllen, wie Che wirklich war. Wer war Che Guevara? Arzt, Rebell, Revolutionär, Freund und Kampfgefährte von Fidel Castro. Charismatisch und grausam war er, Menschenfreund und Frauenheld, der den Kongo, Bolivien und ganz Lateinamerika befreien wollte. Doch der begnadete Guerillaführer gerät in einen Hinterhalt und wird am 9. Oktober 1967 erschossen. Seine Kritiker atmen auf, als sich die Nachricht von seinem Tod wie ein Lauffeuer um die Welt verbreitet. Aber sie freuen sich zu früh: Che Guevara wird jetzt erst wirklich populär. In dieser Autobiographie lässt Juan Martín seinen Bruder wieder aufleben, berichtet von der unvergleichlichen Zeit, die er 1959 inmitten der kubanischen Revolution an seiner Seite erlebte, und erinnert sich an den idealistischen Abenteurer ebenso wie an den engagierten Intellektuellen. Eine der umstrittensten Gestalten des 20. Jahrhunderts erscheint damit in ganz neuem Licht. »Seien wir realistisch – versuchen wir das Unmögliche.« Che Guevara

Antiracism in Cuba

Antiracism in Cuba

The Unfinished Revolution

  • Author: Devyn Spence Benson
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 146962673X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 334
  • View: 1114
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Analyzing the ideology and rhetoric around race in Cuba and south Florida during the early years of the Cuban revolution, Devyn Spence Benson argues that ideas, stereotypes, and discriminatory practices relating to racial difference persisted despite major efforts by the Cuban state to generate social equality. Drawing on Cuban and U.S. archival materials and face-to-face interviews, Benson examines 1960s government programs and campaigns against discrimination, showing how such programs frequently negated their efforts by reproducing racist images and idioms in revolutionary propaganda, cartoons, and school materials. Building on nineteenth-century discourses that imagined Cuba as a raceless space, revolutionary leaders embraced a narrow definition of blackness, often seeming to suggest that Afro-Cubans had to discard their blackness to join the revolution. This was and remains a false dichotomy for many Cubans of color, Benson demonstrates. While some Afro-Cubans agreed with the revolution's sentiments about racial transcendence--"not blacks, not whites, only Cubans--others found ways to use state rhetoric to demand additional reforms. Still others, finding a revolution that disavowed blackness unsettling and paternalistic, fought to insert black history and African culture into revolutionary nationalisms. Despite such efforts by Afro-Cubans and radical government-sponsored integration programs, racism has persisted throughout the revolution in subtle but lasting ways.

Der Todeskampf des Kapitalismus und die Aufgaben der Vierten Internationale

Der Todeskampf des Kapitalismus und die Aufgaben der Vierten Internationale

das Übergangsprogramm

  • Author: Leo Trotzki,Lev Davidovič Trockij
  • Publisher: MEHRING Verlag GmbH
  • ISBN: 9783886340415
  • Category: Communism
  • Page: 298
  • View: 1600
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Inside the Cuban Revolution

Inside the Cuban Revolution

  • Author: Julia Sweig
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674016125
  • Category: History
  • Page: 254
  • View: 5589
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Sweig shatters the mythology surrounding the Cuban Revolution in a compelling revisionist history that reconsiders the revolutionary roles of Castro and Guevara and restores to a central position the leadership of the Llano. Granted unprecedented access to the classified records of Castro's 26th of July Movement's underground operatives--the only scholar inside or outside of Cuba allowed access to the complete collection in the Cuban Council of State's Office of Historic Affairs--she details the debates between Castro's mountain-based guerrilla movement and the urban revolutionaries in Havana, Santiago, and other cities.

CIA

CIA

die ganze Geschichte

  • Author: Tim Weiner
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783596190591
  • Category:
  • Page: 864
  • View: 8310
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Warten auf Schnee in Havanna

Warten auf Schnee in Havanna

Bekenntnisse eines kubanischen Jungen

  • Author: Carlos M. N. Eire
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783453400962
  • Category:
  • Page: 188
  • View: 5514
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The United States and Cuba

The United States and Cuba

Intimate Enemies

  • Author: Marifeli Pérez-Stable
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135221359
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 9678
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A great power and a weaker, rival neighbor can eventually have normal relations. Prior to 1959, Cuba and the United States didn’t have a mutually beneficial and respectful relationship, and amid the Cold War, Cuba’s alliance with the Soviet Union made U.S.-Cuba normality even more elusive. What the United States and Cuba now face is relating to each other as normally as possible, a task made all the more difficult by the shadow of the Cold War. After 1989, regime change returned to the heart of U.S.-Cuba policy, a major obstacle for Washington-Havana dialogue. In turn, Cuban leaders have generally shirked their responsibility to do their part to ease the fifty-year enmity with the United States. This book systematically covers the background of U.S.-Cuban relations after the Cold War and explores tensions that extend into the twenty-first century. The author explores the future of this strained relationship under Obama's presidency and in a post-Castro Cuba.

Rhythms of Race

Rhythms of Race

Cuban Musicians and the Making of Latino New York City and Miami, 1940-1960

  • Author: Christina D. Abreu
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469620855
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 322
  • View: 5459
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Among the nearly 90,000 Cubans who settled in New York City and Miami in the 1940s and 1950s were numerous musicians and entertainers, black and white, who did more than fill dance halls with the rhythms of the rumba, mambo, and cha cha cha. In her history of music and race in midcentury America, Christina D. Abreu argues that these musicians, through their work in music festivals, nightclubs, social clubs, and television and film productions, played central roles in the development of Cuban, Afro-Cuban, Latino, and Afro-Latino identities and communities. Abreu draws from previously untapped oral histories, cultural materials, and Spanish-language media to uncover the lives and broader social and cultural significance of these vibrant performers. Keeping in view the wider context of the domestic and international entertainment industries, Abreu underscores how the racially diverse musicians in her study were also migrants and laborers. Her focus on the Cuban presence in New York City and Miami before the Cuban Revolution of 1959 offers a much needed critique of the post-1959 bias in Cuban American studies as well as insights into important connections between Cuban migration and other twentieth-century Latino migrations.

On Becoming Cuban

On Becoming Cuban

Identity, Nationality, and Culture

  • Author: Louis A. Pérez Jr.
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469601419
  • Category: History
  • Page: 608
  • View: 8922
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With this masterful work, Louis A. Perez Jr. transforms the way we view Cuba and its relationship with the United States. On Becoming Cuban is a sweeping cultural history of the sustained encounter between the peoples of the two countries and of the ways that this encounter helped shape Cubans' identity, nationality, and sense of modernity from the early 1850s until the revolution of 1959. Using an enormous range of Cuban and U.S. sources--from archival records and oral interviews to popular magazines, novels, and motion pictures--Perez reveals a powerful web of everyday, bilateral connections between the United States and Cuba and shows how U.S. cultural forms had a critical influence on the development of Cubans' sense of themselves as a people and as a nation. He also articulates the cultural context for the revolution that erupted in Cuba in 1959. In the middle of the twentieth century, Perez argues, when economic hard times and political crises combined to make Cubans painfully aware that their American-influenced expectations of prosperity and modernity would not be realized, the stage was set for revolution.

Visions of Power in Cuba

Visions of Power in Cuba

Revolution, Redemption, and Resistance, 1959-1971

  • Author: Lillian Guerra
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 0807837369
  • Category: History
  • Page: 488
  • View: 5216
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In the tumultuous first decade of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro and other leaders saturated the media with altruistic images of themselves in a campaign to win the hearts of Cuba's six million citizens. In Visions of Power in Cuba, Lillian Guerra argues that these visual representations explained rapidly occurring events and encouraged radical change and mutual self-sacrifice. Mass rallies and labor mobilizations of unprecedented scale produced tangible evidence of what Fidel Castro called "unanimous support" for a revolution whose "moral power" defied U.S. control. Yet participation in state-orchestrated spectacles quickly became a requirement for political inclusion in a new Cuba that policed most forms of dissent. Devoted revolutionaries who resisted disastrous economic policies, exposed post-1959 racism, and challenged gender norms set by Cuba's one-party state increasingly found themselves marginalized, silenced, or jailed. Using previously unexplored sources, Guerra focuses on the lived experiences of citizens, including peasants, intellectuals, former prostitutes, black activists, and filmmakers, as they struggled to author their own scripts of revolution by resisting repression, defying state-imposed boundaries, and working for anti-imperial redemption in a truly free Cuba.

The Riddle of Latin America

The Riddle of Latin America

  • Author: Kris Lane,Matthew Restall
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1133707041
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 8720
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THE RIDDLE OF LATIN AMERICA explores the promise and paradox of Latin America in a novel way by giving equal weight to the colonial and national periods. This is essential because in Latin America colonialism started early and independence came late. The aim of this book is to provide unfamiliar readers with a more balanced, interpretive view of Latin America's long and complex history by identifying key patterns and trends and tracing them across time and space. Within chapters THE RIDDLE OF LATIN AMERICA takes a regional rather than country-by-country approach, treating, for example, the Greater Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, the Andes, the Southern Cone, and Brazil. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Sexual Revolutions in Cuba

Sexual Revolutions in Cuba

Passion, Politics, and Memory

  • Author: Carrie Hamilton
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 0807882518
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6715
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In Sexual Revolutions in Cuba Carrie Hamilton delves into the relationship between passion and politics in revolutionary Cuba to present a comprehensive history of sexuality on the island from the triumph of the Revolution in 1959 into the twenty-first century. Drawing on an unused body of oral history interviews as well as press accounts, literary works, and other published sources, Hamilton pushes beyond official government rhetoric and explores how the wider changes initiated by the Revolution have affected the sexual lives of Cuban citizens. She foregrounds the memories and emotions of ordinary Cubans and compares these experiences with changing policies and wider social, political, and economic developments to reveal the complex dynamic between sexual desire and repression in revolutionary Cuba. Showing how revolutionary and prerevolutionary values coexist in a potent and sometimes contradictory mix, Hamilton addresses changing patterns in heterosexual relations, competing views of masculinity and femininity, same-sex relationships and homophobia, AIDS, sexual violence, interracial relationships, and sexual tourism. Hamilton's examination of sexual experiences across generations and social groups demonstrates that sexual politics have been integral to the construction of a new revolutionary Cuban society.

Escape to Miami

Escape to Miami

An Oral History of the Cuban Rafter Crisis

  • Author: Elizabeth Campisi
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199394423
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 3204
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While the Naval base in Guant?namo Bay, Cuba is well-known for its infamous prison camp, few people are aware of its prior use as an immigrant detention center for Haitian and Cuban refugees. Beginning in August 1994, the United States government declared that thousands of Cubans who had launched themselves into the Florida Straits on rickety rafts were "illegal refugees" and sent them to join over fifteen thousand Haitians already being held on Guant?namo after fleeing a violent coup in Haiti. Escape to Miami recounts the gripping stories of the rafters who were detained in Guant?namo during the 1994-1996 Cuban Rafter Crisis. After working in the camps for a year as an employee of the U.S. Justice Department, Elizabeth Campisi conducted life history interviews with twelve of the rafters, chronicling their departures from Cuba, their rafting trips, life on the base, and their initial experiences in Cuban Miami. Through these remarkable narratives, the book details the ways in which the rafters used creative expression, such as performance and artwork, to cope with the traumas they experienced in the camp. Campisi explores these coping mechanisms, showing that, when people work through individually-traumatic experiences as a group, the new meanings they create during that process can come together to change existing cultures or create new ones. Vivid and engaging, Escape to Miami gives voice to the untold stories of Guant?namo. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in policy, Latin American history, and human rights.

Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction

Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction

  • Author: Jack A. Goldstone
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199858527
  • Category: History
  • Page: 240
  • View: 4482
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From 1789 in France to 2011 in Cairo, revolutions have shaken the world. In their pursuit of social justice, revolutionaries have taken on the assembled might of monarchies, empires, and dictatorships. They have often, though not always, sparked cataclysmic violence, and have at times won miraculous victories, though at other times suffered devastating defeat. This Very Short Introduction illuminates the revolutionaries, their strategies, their successes and failures, and the ways in which revolutions continue to dominate world events and the popular imagination. Starting with the city-states of ancient Greece and Rome, Jack Goldstone traces the development of revolutions through the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment and liberal constitutional revolutions such as in America, and their opposite--the communist revolutions of the 20th century. He shows how revolutions overturned dictators in Nicaragua and Iran and brought the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and examines the new wave of non-violent "color" revolutions-the Philippines' Yellow Revolution, Ukraine's Orange Revolution--and the Arab Uprisings of 2011-12 that rocked the Middle East. Goldstone also sheds light on the major theories of revolution, exploring the causes of revolutionary waves, the role of revolutionary leaders, the strategies and processes of revolutionary change, and the intersection between revolutions and shifting patterns of global power. Finally, the author examines the reasons for diverse revolutionary outcomes, from democracy to civil war and authoritarian rule, and the likely future of revolution in years to come. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

The Politics of the Internet in Third World Development

The Politics of the Internet in Third World Development

Challenges in Contrasting Regimes with Case Studies of Costa Rica and Cuba

  • Author: Bert Hoffmann
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135931577
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 4426
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This book examines the political and developmental implications of the new information and communication technologies (NICT) in the Third World. Whereas the concept of the "digital divide" tends to focus on technological and quantitative indicators, this work stresses the crucial role played by the political regime type, the pursued development model and the specific configuration of actors and decision-making dynamics. Two starkly contrasting Third World countries, state-socialist Cuba and the Latin America's "show-case democracy" Costa Rica, were chosen for two in-depth empirical country studies.

The Idea of Cuba

The Idea of Cuba

  • Author: Alex Harris
  • Publisher: UNM Press
  • ISBN: 9780826341396
  • Category: Photography
  • Page: 136
  • View: 8659
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This journey into contemporary Cuba by photographer and writer Alex Harris is both an evocation of life on the island and an original meditation on the nature of documentary photography that reveals what Harris has learned over thirty-five years as a documentary photographer. Like his mentor, Walker Evans, who photographed Cuba at 1933 at a pivotal moment, Harris arrived in Cuba with his camera at a crossroads in Cuban history. Well known for other thirty-five years of photographic work in the Hispanic Southwest, Alaska, and the American South, Harris made three trips to Cuba to photograph a nation coming to grips with the economic and social devastation that followed the collapse of the socialist bloc in 1989, a nation beginning to imagine a future without Fidel Castro. On each trip to Cuba, Harris used a different approach to peer deeper into the fabric of Cuban society. In the foreground of Harris's photographs and text are some of the archetypes of contemporary Cuban life: the indomitable 1950s American car, the beautiful young woman, and the revered revolutionary hero. Yet Harris recasts these symbols. We don't look at the car, but through it to consider the tangled relationship between Cuba and the United States.

Der wahre Fidel Castro

Der wahre Fidel Castro

  • Author: Leycester Coltman
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783538072008
  • Category:
  • Page: 464
  • View: 5233
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