Search Results for "the-ego-tunnel-the-science-of-the-mind-and-the-myth-of-the-self"

Der Ego-Tunnel

Der Ego-Tunnel

Eine neue Philosophie des Selbst: Von der Hirnforschung zur Bewusstseinsethik

  • Author: Thomas Metzinger
  • Publisher: Piper Verlag
  • ISBN: 3492964966
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 464
  • View: 9079
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Unser »Selbst« existiert gar nicht. Dies beweisen, so der Philosoph und Bewusstseinsforscher Thomas Metzinger, die Erkenntnisse der aktuellen Forschung. Aber was bedeutet das für unser Menschenbild? Was sind die technologischen und kulturellen Konsequenzen? Brauchen wir neben der Neuroethik auch eine Bewusstseinsethik? Der Ego-Tunnel eröffnet einen ebenso faszinierenden wie fundierten Zugang zur geheimnisvollen Welt des menschlichen Geistes.

Der Ego-Tunnel

Der Ego-Tunnel

Eine neue Philosophie des Selbst: Von der Hirnforschung zur Bewusstseinsethik

  • Author: Thomas Metzinger
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783492305334
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 464
  • View: 9114
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Der Ego-Tunnel

Der Ego-Tunnel

eine neue Philosophie des Selbst ; von der Hirnforschung zur Bewusstseinsethik

  • Author: Thomas Metzinger,Thorsten Schmidt
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783833307195
  • Category:
  • Page: 378
  • View: 5359
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Unser "Selbst" existiert gar nicht. Das bewusst erlebte Ich wird lediglich von unserem Gehirn erzeugt, und was wir wahrnehmen, ist nichts als "ein virtuelles Selbst in einer virtuellen Realität". Dies beweisen, so der Philosoph und Bewusstseinsforscher Thomas Metzinger, die Erkenntnisse der aktuellen Forschung. Aber was bedeutet das für unser Menschenbild? Was sind die technologischen und kulturellen Konsequenzen? Brauchen wir neben der Neuroethik auch eine Bewusstseinsethik? In einer Zeit, in der Hirnforschung, Kognitionswissenschaften und Neuroethik so kontrovers diskutiert werden wie einst die Evolutionstheorie, eröffnet Der Ego-Tunnel einen ebenso faszinierenden wie fundierten Zugang zur geheimnisvollen Welt des menschlichen Geistes.

The Ego Tunnel

The Ego Tunnel

The Science of the Mind and the Myth of the Self

  • Author: Thomas Metzinger
  • Publisher: Hachette UK
  • ISBN: 0786744421
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3480
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We're used to thinking about the self as an independent entity, something that we either have or are. In The Ego Tunnel, philosopher Thomas Metzinger claims otherwise: No such thing as a self exists. The conscious self is the content of a model created by our brain—an internal image, but one we cannot experience as an image. Everything we experience is “a virtual self in a virtual reality.” But if the self is not “real,” why and how did it evolve? How does the brain construct it? Do we still have souls, free will, personal autonomy, or moral accountability? In a time when the science of cognition is becoming as controversial as evolution, The Ego Tunnel provides a stunningly original take on the mystery of the mind.

übernatürlich? natürlich!

übernatürlich? natürlich!

Warum wir an das Unglaubliche glauben

  • Author: Bruce M. Hood
  • Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783827425430
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 454
  • View: 4829
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Die Wissenschaft vom (Aber-)Glauben Heutzutage trennen wir die Welt oft in eine Sphäre des Natürlichen und eine des Übernatürlichen. Unsere fünf Sinne erlauben uns, die natürliche Welt wahrzunehmen und zu verstehen, doch diese Sinne – das Sehen, das Riechen, das Schmecken, das Fühlen und das Hören – erklären nicht unseren Sinn für das Übernatürliche. In Natürlich übernatürlich beleuchtet Bruce Hood, auf welche Weise wir Menschen das Übernatürliche begreifen, und liefert uns einen fundierten Einblick in die Gründe, warum wir (an) das Unglaubliche glauben. _____ Die Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung ist religiös oder glaubt an übernatürliche Phänomene. In den USA glauben neun von zehn Erwachsenen an Gott, und eine aktuelle Gallup-Umfrage zeigte, das etwa drei von vier Amerikanern in irgendeiner Form an Telepathie, Präkognition, Geister oder die Wiedergeburt glauben. Woher rührt dieses übernatürliche Gedankengut? Werden wir von unseren Eltern, von Kirchen und Medien indoktriniert, oder entstehen diese Glaubensinhalte auf andere Weise? In Natürlich übernatürlich gewährt uns der mehrfach ausgezeichnete Kognitionspsychologe Bruce M. Hood tiefe Einblicke in die Wissenschaft des Glauben an das Übernatürliche. Aberglaube und magisches Denken sind allgegenwärtig. Viele von uns drücken jemandem die Daumen, klopfen auf Holz, meiden schwarze Katzen oder gehen nicht unter Leitern hindurch. Der Tennisspieler John McEnroe weigerte sich, zwischen den Ballwechseln auf die weißen Linien des Platzes zu treten. Der Baseballspieler Wade Boggs bestand darauf, vor jedem Spiel der Boston Red Sox ein Hähnchen zum Abendessen zu verzehren. Präsident Barack Obama spielte am Morgen seines Siegs bei der Vorwahl in Iowa Basketball und setzte diese Gewohnheit dann an jedem weiteren Wahltag fort. Das übernatürliche Denken umfasst auch erhabenere Vorstellungen, etwa die sentimentalen Gefühle, die wir mit Fotos unserer Lieben verbinden, Trauringe und Teddybären. Auch der spirituellen Glaube und die Hoffnung auf ein Jenseits gehören dazu. Aber wir leben doch in einem modernen, wissenschaftlichen Zeitalter – warum also halten wir an solchen Verhaltensweisen und Glaubenssystemen fest? Wie sich zeigt, ist der Glaube an Dinge jenseits des Rationalen und Natürlichen allen Menschen gemein und taucht schon früh in der Kindheit auf. Tatsächlich ist, so Hood, dieser „Übersinn“ etwas, mit dem wir geboren werden - ein Sinn, den wir im Laufe des Lebens weiter entwickeln und der essenziell ist für die Art, wie wir die Welt verstehen. Ohne ihn könnten wir gar nicht leben! Unser Geist ist von vornherein darauf ausgerichtet, zu glauben, dass unsichtbare Muster, Kräfte und Wesenheiten die Welt durchdringen. Insofern ist es eher unwahrscheinlich, dass Versuche, den übernatürlichen Glauben oder abergläubische Verhaltensweisen zu verbannen, Erfolg haben werden. Diese gemeinsamen Glaubensvorstellungen und "heiligen" Werte sind wesentliche Grundlagen für den Zusammenhalt unserer Gesellschaft, denn sie helfen uns, eine tiefere Verbindung zwischen uns zu sehen.

The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood

The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood

  • Author: Paul Verhaeghen,Christopher Hertzog
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199383073
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 480
  • View: 1244
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Over the last decade, the field of socio-emotional development and aging has rapidly expanded, with many new theories and empirical findings emerging. This trend is consistent with the broader movement in psychology to consider social, motivational, and emotional influences on cognition and behavior. The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood provides the first overview of a new field of adult development that has emerged out of conceptualizations and research at the intersections between socioemotional development, social cognition, emotion, coping, and everyday problem solving. This field roundly rejects a universal deficit model of aging, highlighting instead the dynamic nature of socio-emotional development and the differentiation of individual trajectories of development as a function of variation in contextual and experiential influences. It emphasizes the need for a cross-level examination (from biology and neuroscience to cognitive and social psychology) of the determinants of emotional and socio-emotional behavior. This volume also serves as a tribute to the late Fredda Blanchard-Fields, whose thinking and empirical research contributed extensively to a life-span developmental view of emotion, problem solving, and social cognition. Its chapters cover multiple aspects of adulthood and aging, presenting developmental perspectives on emotion; antecedents and consequences of emotion in context; everyday problem solving; social cognition; goals and goal-related behaviors; and wisdom. The landmark volume in this new field, The Oxford Handbook of Emotion, Social Cognition, and Problem Solving in Adulthood is an important resource for cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as researchers and graduate students in the field of aging, emotion studies, and social psychology.

Kultur, Spätzündung der Evolution?

Kultur, Spätzündung der Evolution?

Antworten auf Fragen an die Evolutions- und Erkenntnistheorie

  • Author: Rupert Riedl
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Connaissance, Théorie de la
  • Page: 355
  • View: 3049
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Waking, Dreaming, Being

Waking, Dreaming, Being

Self and Consciousness in Neuroscience, Meditation, and Philosophy

  • Author: Evan Thompson
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231538316
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 480
  • View: 1236
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A renowned philosopher of the mind, also known for his groundbreaking work on Buddhism and cognitive science, Evan Thompson combines the latest neuroscience research on sleep, dreaming, and meditation with Indian and Western philosophy of mind, casting new light on the self and its relation to the brain. Thompson shows how the self is a changing process, not a static thing. When we are awake we identify with our body, but if we let our mind wander or daydream, we project a mentally imagined self into the remembered past or anticipated future. As we fall asleep, the impression of being a bounded self distinct from the world dissolves, but the self reappears in the dream state. If we have a lucid dream, we no longer identify only with the self within the dream. Our sense of self now includes our dreaming self, the "I" as dreamer. Finally, as we meditate—either in the waking state or in a lucid dream—we can observe whatever images or thoughts arise and how we tend to identify with them as "me." We can also experience sheer awareness itself, distinct from the changing contents that make up our image of the self. Contemplative traditions say that we can learn to let go of the self, so that when we die we can witness its dissolution with equanimity. Thompson weaves together neuroscience, philosophy, and personal narrative to depict these transformations, adding uncommon depth to life's profound questions. Contemplative experience comes to illuminate scientific findings, and scientific evidence enriches the vast knowledge acquired by contemplatives.

Networks of Mind: Learning, Culture, Neuroscience

Networks of Mind: Learning, Culture, Neuroscience

  • Author: Kathy Hall,Alicia Curtin,Vanessa Rutherford
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317913760
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 240
  • View: 6604
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This ground breaking book is unique in bringing together two perspectives on learning - sociocultural theory and neuroscience. Drawing on both perspectives, it foregrounds important developments in our understanding of what learning is, where and how learning occurs and what we can do to understand learning as an everyday process. Leading experts from both disciplines demonstrate how sociocultural ideas (such as the relevance of experience, opportunity to learn, environment, personal histories, meaning, participation, memory, and feelings of belonging) align with and reflect upon new understandings emerging from neuroscience concerning plasticity and neural networks. Among the themes critically examined are the following: Mind and brain Culture Ability and talent Success and failure Memory Language Emotion Aimed at and accessible to a broad audience and drawing on both schools of thought, Networks of Mind employs case studies, vignettes and real life examples to demonstrate that, though the language of sociocultural theory and that of neuroscience appear very different, ultimately the concepts of both perspectives align and converge around some key ideas. The book shows where both perspectives overlap, collide and diverge in their assumptions and understanding of fundamental aspects of human flourishing. It shows how neuroscience confirms some of the key messages already well established by sociocultural theory, specifically the importance of opportunity to learn. It also argues that the ascendency of neuroscience may result in the marginalization of sociocultural science, though the latter, it argues, has enormous explanatory power for understanding and promoting learning, and for understanding how learning is afforded and constrained.

Speculative Realism

Speculative Realism

Problems and Prospects

  • Author: Peter Gratton
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1441188029
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 272
  • View: 7406
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Speculative realism is one of the most talked-about movements in recent Continental philosophy. It has been discussed widely amongst the younger generation of Continental philosophers seeking new philosophical approaches and promises to form the cornerstone of future debates in the field. This book introduces the contexts out of which speculative realism has emerged and provides an overview of the major contributors and latest developments. It guides the reader through the important questions asked by realism (what can I know? what is reality?), examining philosophy's perennial questions in new ways. The book begins with the speculative realist's critique of 'correlationism', the view that we can never reach what is real beneath our language systems, our means for perception, or our finite manner of being-in-the-world. It goes on to critically review the work of the movement's most important thinkers, including Quentin Meillassoux, Ray Brassier, and Graham Harman, but also other important writers such as Jane Bennett and Catherine Malabou whose writings delineate alternative approaches to the real. It interrogates the crucial questions these thinkers have raised and concludes with a look toward the future of speculative realism, especially as it relates to the reality of time.

Brain Evolution, Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia

Brain Evolution, Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia

  • Author: Paolo Brambilla,Andrea Marini
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134694423
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 252
  • View: 6556
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This book provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas which support language in humans are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia, with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings. Divided into three sections the book covers: • brain evolution and language phylogenesis • brain abnormalities in schizophrenia • psychopathology and schizophrenia. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.

Sociality

Sociality

New Directions

  • Author: Nicholas J. Long
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 0857457896
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 217
  • View: 2127
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The notion of 'sociality' is now widely used within the social sciences and humanities. However, what is meant by the term varies radically, and the contributors here, through compelling and wide ranging essays, identify the strengths and weaknesses of current definitions and their deployment in the social sciences. By developing their own rigorous and innovative theory of human sociality, they re-set the framework of the debate and open up new possibilities for conceptualizing other forms of sociality, such as that of animals or materials. Cases from Asia, Africa, the Americas and Europe explore the new directions of human sociality, illuminating how and why it is transformed when human beings engage with such major issues as economic downturn, climate change, new regimes of occupational and psychological therapy, technological innovations in robotics and the creation of new online, 'virtual' environments. This book is an invaluable resource, not only for research and teaching, but for anyone interested in the question of what makes us social.

A Short History of Stupid

A Short History of Stupid

The Decline of Reason and Why Public Debate Makes Us Want to Scream

  • Author: Helen Razer,Bernard Keane
  • Publisher: Allen & Unwin
  • ISBN: 1743437234
  • Category: Humor
  • Page: 336
  • View: 3512
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How did everything get so dumb? How did we become hostages to idiocy? What must we do to be freed from a captor whose ransom note simply reads, 'D'oh'? The deteriorating quality of our public debate and the dwindling of common sense in media, politics and culture can drive you to despair and rage. It certainly drove writers Helen Razer and Bernard Keane to a desperate act: befriending each other for long enough to write a book. Join forces with these uneasy allies to fight against a world that has lost its reason. Explore what's behind the remorseless spread of idiocy, and why there's just so much damn Stupid around you. Stupid isn't just ignorance; it's not just laziness. Worse than the absence of thought, Stupid is a virus that drains our productivity and leaves us sick and diminished. And Stupid has a long, complex and terrible past, one we need to understand in order to defeat it. A Short History of Stupid traces the origins of this maddening ill, examining the different ways in which we've been afflicted over the last three thousand years. It damns those who have spread Stupid and celebrates the brave few who resisted. It shows how Stupid tightens the grubby grip of the foolish around our throats. Hilarious, smart, unpleasant, infuriating and rude, A Short History of Stupid is at once a provocation and a comfort. It will spark debate, soothe the terminally frustrated and outrage the righteously Stupid. It is a book whose Stupid time has come.

Non-Photographie / Photo-Fiktion

Non-Photographie / Photo-Fiktion

  • Author: François Laruelle
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783883963396
  • Category:
  • Page: 192
  • View: 521
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Cassavetes über Cassavetes

Cassavetes über Cassavetes

  • Author: John Cassavetes
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783886612567
  • Category:
  • Page: 689
  • View: 6790
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New Scientist

New Scientist

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7513
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Die Kunst der Revolte

Die Kunst der Revolte

Snowden, Assange, Manning

  • Author: Geoffroy de Lagasnerie
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518744348
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 158
  • View: 1758
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Edward Snowden, Julian Assange und Chelsea Manning sind entscheidende Akteure in den zentralen Auseinandersetzungen unseres Internetzeitalters um Freiheit und Überwachung, Geheimdienste, Krieg und Terrorismus. Für den jungen französischen Philosophen Geoffroy de Lagasnerie sind sie aber noch mehr als das: Sie sind »exemplarische Figuren« einer neuen Kunst der Revolte, einer neuen Form des politischen Handelns und Subjektseins. Sein scharfsinniger Essay trifft ins Herz der Gegenwart. Das Prinzip der Anonymität, wie es WikiLeaks, aber auch die Hackergruppe Anonymous praktizieren, und die Gesten der Flucht und des Exils von Snowden und Assange brechen mit den traditionellen Formen des zivilen Ungehorsams. Sie fordern uns dazu auf, die demokratische Öffentlichkeit und den politischen Raum neu zu denken: Was bedeutet es heute, politisch das Wort zu ergreifen, ein Bürger, ein Teil eines Kollektivs zu sein? Mit ihren Aktionen formulieren diese Internetaktivisten und Hacker für de Lagasnerie nicht weniger als eine neue kritische Theorie und entwerfen ein Ideal der Emanzipation in pluralen, heterogenen und flüchtigen Gemeinschaften.

Philosophy, Neuroscience and Consciousness

Philosophy, Neuroscience and Consciousness

  • Author: Rex Welshon
  • Publisher: Acumen Publishing
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Consciousness
  • Page: 389
  • View: 9060
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Explaining consciousness is one of the last great unanswered scientific and philosophical problems. Immediately known, familiar and obvious, consciousness in also baffling, opaque and strange. How and when did we become conscious? What exactly is consciousness? A gift from God? Some kind of emergent property of our brain? A sequence of electrical sparks off electro-chemical neural activity? This introduction to these and many of the other problems posed by consciousness discusses the most important work of cognitive science, neurophysiology and philosophy of the past thirty years and presents an up to date assessment of the issues and debates. The reader is first introduced to the way that consciousness has been thought about in the history of philosophy and psychology. The author then presents an informal and largely non-technical account of the properties of consciousness that are thought to be the most paradigmatic and problematic. Recent scientific work on consciousness, from neurophysiological studies of the brain and evolutionary studies of the development of consciousness to computational theories of the mind are then examined and the philosophical problems that these accounts raise are systematically introduced. The final chapters of the book consider more practical matters by addressing self-deception, neuroses, the unconscious and notions of the self, before concluding with an assessment of the future for psychology and the philosophy of mind.