Search Results for "the-emergence-of-civilisation-the-cyclades-and-the-aegean-in-the-third-millennium-bc"

The Emergence of Civilisation

The Emergence of Civilisation

The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium BC

  • Author: Colin Renfrew
  • Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
  • ISBN: 9780977409464
  • Category: History
  • Page: 634
  • View: 4722
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Unavailable for too long, this new edition reprints the original text of Renfrew's groundbreaking study, supplemented with a new introduction by the author and a foreword by John Cherry (Joukowsky Family Professor of Archaeology, Brown University), in order to make this landmark publication available once again to the scholarly community. The Emergence of Civilisation describes in detail the processes at work during the millennium which preceded the development of prehistoric Aegean civilisation and, using the framework of a systems model, offers insight into the forces transforming an early farming society into a full civilisation, possessing a social organisation, craft technology and palatial centres far beyond the scope of a simple subsistence economy. Part I (Culture Sequence) presents a detailed survey of Aegean archaeology and chronology in the third millennium BC. Special attention is given to the Cycladic Islands. The ensuing study of Culture Process (Part II) focuses successively on population, farming and subsistence, metallurgy, craft technology, social organisation, symbolic systems (language, art, religion) and communication.

The Emergence of Civilisation

The Emergence of Civilisation

The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B.C.

  • Author: Colin Renfrew
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Civilisation égéenne
  • Page: 627
  • View: 1158
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Prehistory

Prehistory

The Making of the Human Mind

  • Author: Colin Renfrew
  • Publisher: Modern Library Chronicles
  • ISBN: 0812976614
  • Category: History
  • Page: 219
  • View: 5504
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In this invaluable, brief account of human development prior to the last four millennia, Colin Renfrew delivers a meticulously researched and passionately argued chronicle about our life on earth, and our ongoing quest to understand it.

Myrtos

Myrtos

an early Bronze Age settlement in Crete

  • Author: Peter M. Warren
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Bronze age
  • Page: 441
  • View: 5440
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The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

  • Author: A. Bernard Knapp,Peter van Dommelen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 131619406X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1635
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The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean offers new insights into the material and social practices of many different Mediterranean peoples during the Bronze and Iron Ages, presenting in particular those features that both connect and distinguish them. Contributors discuss in depth a range of topics that motivate and structure Mediterranean archaeology today, including insularity and connectivity; mobility, migration, and colonization; hybridization and cultural encounters; materiality, memory, and identity; community and household; life and death; and ritual and ideology. The volume's broad coverage of different approaches and contemporary archaeological practices will help practitioners of Mediterranean archaeology to move the subject forward in new and dynamic ways. Together, the essays in this volume shed new light on the people, ideas, and materials that make up the world of Mediterranean archaeology today, beyond the borders that separate Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

Inside the City in the Greek World

Inside the City in the Greek World

  • Author: Laura Preston
  • Publisher: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN: 1782973192
  • Category: History
  • Page: 144
  • View: 867
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The publication of the papers presented in this volume marks an important step in the study of ancient cities. Despite having long been a focus of archaeological investigation and analysis, until relatively recently they have tended to be described rather than analysed. These eleven papers concentrate on analysing ancient urban centres from within, exploring some of the ways in which people lived in, perceived and modified their built environments. The papers span several time periods, from the Bronze Age to the Hellenistic era as well as geographic locations from Italy to Beirut. The title of this volume thus incorporates two meanings of Greek: the territory of the modern nation-state and areas of the ancient world with cultural influences from the Aegean. The diversity of ancient urban forms is therefore fully recognised and celebrated.

Early Cycladic Sculpture in Context

Early Cycladic Sculpture in Context

  • Author: Marissa Marthari,Colin Renfrew,Michael Boyd
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 1785701967
  • Category: History
  • Page: 544
  • View: 4790
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The sculpture of the early bronze age Cyclades has been systematically studied since the time of Christos Tsountas at the end of the 19th century. But that study has been hampered by the circumstance that so many of the subsequent finds come from unauthorised excavations, where the archaeological context was irretrievably lost. Largely for that reason there are still many problems surrounding the chronology, the function and the meaning of Early Cycladic sculpture. This lavishly illustrated and comprehensive re-asssement sets out to rectify that situation by publishing finds which have been recovered in controlled excavations in recent years, as well as earlier finds for which better documentation can now be provided. Using the material from recent excavation projects, and drawing on the papers presented at a symposium held in Athens in 2014, it is possible now to undertake a fresh overview of the entire body of sculpture from the Cycladic islands which has been found in secure archaeological contexts. Beginning with early examples from Neolithic settlement sites and extending into a consideration of material found in later contexts, the 35 chapters are divided into sections which examine sculpture from settlements, cemeteries and the sanctuary at Kavos, concluding with a discussion of material, techniques and aspects of manufacture.

Black Athena Writes Back

Black Athena Writes Back

Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics

  • Author: Martin Bernal
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822380072
  • Category: History
  • Page: 576
  • View: 5709
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In Black Athena Writes Back Martin Bernal responds to the passionate debates set off by the 1987 publication of his book Black Athena. Producing a shock wave of reaction from scholars, Black Athena argued that the development of Greek civilization was heavily influenced by Afroasiatic civilizations. Moreover, Bernal asserted that this knowledge had been deliberately obscured by the rampant racism of nineteenth-century Europeans who could not abide the notion that Greek society—for centuries recognized as the originating culture of Europe—had its origins in Africa and Southwest Asia. The subsequent rancor among classicists over Bernal’s theory and accusations was picked up in the popular media, and his suggestion that Greek culture had its origin in Africa was widely derided. In a report on 60 Minutes, for example, it was suggested that Bernal’s hypothesis was essentially an attempt to provide blacks with self-esteem so that they would feel included in the march of progress. In Black Athena Writes Back Bernal provides additional documentation to back up his thesis, as well as offering persuasive explanations of why traditional scholarship on the subject remains inaccurate and why specific arguments lobbed against his theories are themselves faulty. Black Athena Writes Back requires no prior familiarity with either the Black Athena hypothesis or with the arguments advanced against it. It will be essential reading for those who have been following this long-running debate, as well as for those just discovering this fascinating subject.

The Origins and Ancient History of Wine

The Origins and Ancient History of Wine

Food and Nutrition in History and Antropology

  • Author: Patrick E. McGovern,Stuart J. Fleming,Solomon H. Katz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135300941
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 440
  • View: 3511
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This volume presents contemporary evidence scientific, archaeological, botanical, textual, and historical for major revisions in our understanding of winemaking in antiquity. Among the subjects covered are the domestication of the Vinifera grape, the wine trade, the iconography of ancient wine, and the analytical and archaeological challenges posed by ancient wines. The essayists argue that wine existed as long ago as 3500 BC, almost half a millennium earlier than experts believed. Discover named these findings among the most important in 1991. Featuring the work of 23 internationally known scholars and writers, the book offers the first wide ranging treatment of wine in the early history of western Asia and the Mediterranean. Comprehensive and accessible while providing full documentation, it is sure to serve as a catalyst for future research.

Escaping the Labyrinth

Escaping the Labyrinth

The Cretan Neolithic in Context

  • Author: Valasia Isaakidou,P. Tomkins
  • Publisher: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN: 1782974903
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5880
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Beneath the Bronze Age 'Palace of Minos', Neolithic Knossos is one of the earliest known farming settlements in Europe and perhaps the longest-lived. For 3000 years, Neolithic Knossos was also perhaps one of very few settlements on Crete and, for much of this time, maintained a distinctive material culture. This volume radically enhances understanding of the important, but hitherto little known, Neolithic settlement and culture of Crete. Thirteen papers, from the tenth Sheffield Aegean Round Table in January 2006, explore two aspects of the Cretan Neolithic: the results of recent re-analysis of a range of bodies of material from J.D. Evans' excavations at EN-FN Knossos; and new insights into the Cretan Late and Final Neolithic and the contentious belated colonisation of the rest of the island, drawing on both new and old fieldwork. Papers in the first group examine the idiosyncratic Knossian ceramic chronology (P. Tomkins), human figurines from a gender perspective (M. Mina), funerary practices (S. Triantaphyllou), chipped stone technology (J. Conolly), land and-use and its social implications (V. Isaakidou). Those in the second group, present a re-evaluation of LN Katsambas (N. Galanidou and K. Mandeli), evidence for later Neolithic exploration of eastern Crete (T. Strasser), Ceremony and consumption at late Final Neolithic Phaistos (S. Todaro and S. Di Tonto), Final Neolithic settlement patterns (K. Nowicki), the transition to the Early Bronze Age at Kephala Petra (Y. Papadatos), and a critical appraisal of Final Neolithic 'marginal colonisation' (P. Halstead). In conclusion, C. Broodbank places the Cretan Neolithic within its wider Mediterranean context and J.D. Evans provides an autobiographical account of a lifetime of insular Neolithic exploration.

History of Humanity: From the third millennium to the seventh century B.C.

History of Humanity: From the third millennium to the seventh century B.C.

  • Author: Sigfried J. de Laet,Ahmad Hasan Dani
  • Publisher: UNESCO
  • ISBN: 9789231028113
  • Category: Civilization
  • Page: 569
  • View: 6111
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The second volume covers the first two and a half thousand years of recorded history, from the start of the Bronze Age 5,000 years ago to the beginnings of the Iron Age. Written by a team of over sixty specialists, this volume includes a comprehensive bibliography and a detailed index.

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

  • Author: Keith Roberts
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526857
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3883
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To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three) In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.

The Iraq War and Its Consequences

The Iraq War and Its Consequences

Thoughts of Nobel Peace Laureates and Eminent Scholars

  • Author: Irwin Abrams,Gungwu Wang
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789812385901
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 443
  • View: 9907
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The Iraq War and its Consequences is the first and only book that brings together more than 30 Nobel Peace laureates and eminent scholars to offer opinions, analyses and insights on the war that has drawn both widespread opposition and strong support. In conclusion, there are two sermons related to the war by Gunnar Stalsett, the Bishop of Oslo.

Final Neolithic Crete and the Southeast Aegean

Final Neolithic Crete and the Southeast Aegean

  • Author: Krzysztof Nowicki
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 1614510377
  • Category: History
  • Page: 508
  • View: 7091
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This book presents an archaeological study of Crete in transition from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age (c. 4000 to 3000 BC) within the broader South Aegean context. The study, based on the author’s own fieldwork, contains a gazetteer of over 170 sites. The material from these sites will prompt archaeologists in Greece, Turkey, and the Middle East to reconsider their understanding of the foundation of Bronze Age civilization in the Aegean.

What Is Archaeology?

What Is Archaeology?

An Essay on the Nature of Archaeological Research

  • Author: Paul Courbin
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226116563
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 197
  • View: 7884
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Paul Courbin puts forward a penetrating and eloquent critique of the New Archeology, a movement of primarily American and British archaeologists that began in the 1960s and continues today. The New Archeologists dropped the "ae" spelling, symbolizing their intent to put the field on a modern and scientific footing. They questioned the bases, the objectives, and consequently the methods of traditional archaeology. Courbin examines this movement, its latent philosophy, its methods and their application, its theories, and its results. He declares that the record shows a devastating failure. The New Archeologists, he contends, may have developed scientific hypotheses, but in most cases they failed to carry out what is necessary to test their theories, thus contradicting the very goals they had set for the discipline. Reevaluating the field as a whole, Courbin asks, What is archaeology? He distinguishes it from such related fields as history and anthropology, emphatically arguing that the primary task of archaeology is what the archaeologist alone can accomplish: the establishment of facts—stratigraphies, time sequences, and identification tools, bones, potsherds, and so on. When archaeological findings lead to historical or anthropological conclusions, as they very often do, archaeologists must be aware that this involves a specific change in their work; they are no longer archaeologists proper. The archaeologist's work, Courbin stresses, is not a humble auxiliary of anthropology or history, but the foundation upon which historians and anthropologists of ancient civilizations will build and without which their theories cannot but collapse. What Is Archaeology? was originally published in French in 1982.

The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean

  • Author: Eric H. Cline
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019024075X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 976
  • View: 1016
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The Greek Bronze Age, roughly 3000 to 1000 BCE, witnessed the flourishing of the Minoan and Mycenean civilizations, the earliest expansion of trade in the Aegean and wider Mediterranean Sea, the development of artistic techniques in a variety of media, and the evolution of early Greek religious practices and mythology. The period also witnessed a violent conflict in Asia Minor between warring peoples in the region, a conflict commonly believed to be the historical basis for Homer's Trojan War. The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean provides a detailed survey of these fascinating aspects of the period, and many others, in sixty-six newly commissioned articles. Divided into four sections, the handbook begins with Background and Definitions, which contains articles establishing the discipline in its historical, geographical, and chronological settings and in its relation to other disciplines. The second section, Chronology and Geography, contains articles examining the Bronze Age Aegean by chronological period (Early Bronze Age, Middle Bronze Age, Late Bronze Age). Each of the periods are further subdivided geographically, so that individual articles are concerned with Mainland Greece during the Early Bronze Age, Crete during the Early Bronze Age, the Cycladic Islands during the Early Bronze Age, and the same for the Middle Bronze Age, followed by the Late Bronze Age. The third section, Thematic and Specific Topics, includes articles examining thematic topics that cannot be done justice in a strictly chronological/geographical treatment, including religion, state and society, trade, warfare, pottery, writing, and burial customs, as well as specific events, such as the eruption of Santorini and the Trojan War. The fourth section, Specific Sites and Areas, contains articles examining the most important regions and sites in the Bronze Age Aegean, including Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos, Knossos, Kommos, Rhodes, the northern Aegean, and the Uluburun shipwreck, as well as adjacent areas such as the Levant, Egypt, and the western Mediterranean. Containing new work by an international team of experts, The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean represents the most comprehensive, authoritative, and up-to-date single-volume survey of the field. It will be indispensable for scholars and advanced students alike.

Sculptors of the Cyclades

Sculptors of the Cyclades

individual and tradition in the third millennium B.C.

  • Author: Pat Getz-Gentle,Pat Getz-Preziosi
  • Publisher: Univ of Michigan Pr
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 254
  • View: 8918
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Discusses the culture of the Cyclades and the work of 16 artists who lived between ca. 3000 and 2200 B.C.

The Emergence of Civilisation Revisited

The Emergence of Civilisation Revisited

  • Author: John C. Barrett,Paul Halstead
  • Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
  • ISBN: 9781842171660
  • Category: History
  • Page: 274
  • View: 8721
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The history of archaeology is a history of great discoveries and a history of the debate about the human condition. It is a history of how we understand and link to our history, and it is unsurprising then that archaeology changes over time, bringing new perspectives to our view of the past. Thirty years on from Colin Renfrew's landmark publication, The Emergence of Civilisation, a group of Aegean prehistorians came together as part of the Sheffield Centre for Aegean Archaeology's Round Table discussions to acknowledge this ground-breaking work and to bring the subject up to date. They focus on the themes that Renfrew brought to archaeology through this work, and which continue to be of significance today: the way we characterise the context and the nature of change; the methodological procedures that should be followed; and the interpretation of the dynamics of past societies. Fourteen papers from the discussions, including contributions from John Cherry, Todd Whitelaw and Renfrew himself, examine a fascinating and diverse section of topics including; settlement, leadership and social status.

Aegean Metalwork of the Early and Middle Bronze Age

Aegean Metalwork of the Early and Middle Bronze Age

  • Author: Keith Branigan
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Aegean Sea Region
  • Page: 216
  • View: 9889
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