Search Results for "the-emergence-of-civilisation-the-cyclades-and-the-aegean-in-the-third-millennium-bc"

The Emergence of Civilisation

The Emergence of Civilisation

The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium BC

  • Author: Colin Renfrew
  • Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
  • ISBN: 9780977409464
  • Category: History
  • Page: 634
  • View: 3038
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Unavailable for too long, this new edition reprints the original text of Renfrew's groundbreaking study, supplemented with a new introduction by the author and a foreword by John Cherry (Joukowsky Family Professor of Archaeology, Brown University), in order to make this landmark publication available once again to the scholarly community. The Emergence of Civilisation describes in detail the processes at work during the millennium which preceded the development of prehistoric Aegean civilisation and, using the framework of a systems model, offers insight into the forces transforming an early farming society into a full civilisation, possessing a social organisation, craft technology and palatial centres far beyond the scope of a simple subsistence economy. Part I (Culture Sequence) presents a detailed survey of Aegean archaeology and chronology in the third millennium BC. Special attention is given to the Cycladic Islands. The ensuing study of Culture Process (Part II) focuses successively on population, farming and subsistence, metallurgy, craft technology, social organisation, symbolic systems (language, art, religion) and communication.

Das Rätsel der Donauzivilisation

Das Rätsel der Donauzivilisation

Die Entdeckung der ältesten Hochkultur Europas

  • Author: Harald Haarmann
  • Publisher: C.H.Beck
  • ISBN: 3406622119
  • Category: History
  • Page: 286
  • View: 8429
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In den letzten Jahren haben Archäologen immer mehr Belege dafür gefunden, dass es zwischen dem 6. und dem 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. auf dem Balkan eine Hochkultur gab, die bereits vor den Mesopotamiern die Schrift kannte. Harald Haarmann führt in diesem Buch erstmals umfassend in diese bisher unbekannte, in vielem noch rätselhafte alteuropäische Kultur ein. Er beschreibt Handelswege und Siedlungen, Kunst und Handwerk, Mythologie und Schrift der Donauzivilisation, geht ihren Ursprüngen am Schwarzen Meer nach und zeigt auf, welchen Einfluss sie auf die Kultur der griechischen Antike und des Vorderen Orients hatte.

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

  • Author: A. Bernard Knapp,Peter van Dommelen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 131619406X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2466
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The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean offers new insights into the material and social practices of many different Mediterranean peoples during the Bronze and Iron Ages, presenting in particular those features that both connect and distinguish them. Contributors discuss in depth a range of topics that motivate and structure Mediterranean archaeology today, including insularity and connectivity; mobility, migration, and colonization; hybridization and cultural encounters; materiality, memory, and identity; community and household; life and death; and ritual and ideology. The volume's broad coverage of different approaches and contemporary archaeological practices will help practitioners of Mediterranean archaeology to move the subject forward in new and dynamic ways. Together, the essays in this volume shed new light on the people, ideas, and materials that make up the world of Mediterranean archaeology today, beyond the borders that separate Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

Black Athena Writes Back

Black Athena Writes Back

Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics

  • Author: Martin Bernal
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822380072
  • Category: History
  • Page: 576
  • View: 8227
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In Black Athena Writes Back Martin Bernal responds to the passionate debates set off by the 1987 publication of his book Black Athena. Producing a shock wave of reaction from scholars, Black Athena argued that the development of Greek civilization was heavily influenced by Afroasiatic civilizations. Moreover, Bernal asserted that this knowledge had been deliberately obscured by the rampant racism of nineteenth-century Europeans who could not abide the notion that Greek society—for centuries recognized as the originating culture of Europe—had its origins in Africa and Southwest Asia. The subsequent rancor among classicists over Bernal’s theory and accusations was picked up in the popular media, and his suggestion that Greek culture had its origin in Africa was widely derided. In a report on 60 Minutes, for example, it was suggested that Bernal’s hypothesis was essentially an attempt to provide blacks with self-esteem so that they would feel included in the march of progress. In Black Athena Writes Back Bernal provides additional documentation to back up his thesis, as well as offering persuasive explanations of why traditional scholarship on the subject remains inaccurate and why specific arguments lobbed against his theories are themselves faulty. Black Athena Writes Back requires no prior familiarity with either the Black Athena hypothesis or with the arguments advanced against it. It will be essential reading for those who have been following this long-running debate, as well as for those just discovering this fascinating subject.

Inside the City in the Greek World

Inside the City in the Greek World

  • Author: Laura Preston
  • Publisher: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN: 1782973192
  • Category: History
  • Page: 144
  • View: 2870
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The publication of the papers presented in this volume marks an important step in the study of ancient cities. Despite having long been a focus of archaeological investigation and analysis, until relatively recently they have tended to be described rather than analysed. These eleven papers concentrate on analysing ancient urban centres from within, exploring some of the ways in which people lived in, perceived and modified their built environments. The papers span several time periods, from the Bronze Age to the Hellenistic era as well as geographic locations from Italy to Beirut. The title of this volume thus incorporates two meanings of Greek: the territory of the modern nation-state and areas of the ancient world with cultural influences from the Aegean. The diversity of ancient urban forms is therefore fully recognised and celebrated.

Basiswissen Archäologie

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

  • Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn
  • Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh
  • ISBN: 9783805339483
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 738
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Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)

The Iraq War and Its Consequences

The Iraq War and Its Consequences

Thoughts of Nobel Peace Laureates and Eminent Scholars

  • Author: Irwin Abrams,Gungwu Wang
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789812385901
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 443
  • View: 1269
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The Iraq War and its Consequences is the first and only book that brings together more than 30 Nobel Peace laureates and eminent scholars to offer opinions, analyses and insights on the war that has drawn both widespread opposition and strong support. In conclusion, there are two sermons related to the war by Gunnar Stalsett, the Bishop of Oslo.

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

  • Author: Keith Roberts
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231526857
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 368
  • View: 8023
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To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three) In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.

Displaying the Ideals of Antiquity

Displaying the Ideals of Antiquity

The Petrified Gaze

  • Author: Johannes Siapkas,Lena Sjögren
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136254013
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 254
  • View: 4891
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Displaying the Ideals of Antiquity investigates the study and display of ancient sculpture from archaeological, art historical, and museum studies perspectives. Ancient sculptures not only give us knowledge about ancient Greek and Roman pasts, but they also mediate ideals that inform modern perceptions of antiquity. This book analyzes how an art historical tradition establishes and preserves an idealized view of antiquity in classical archaeology and in museum exhibitions. The authors investigate how these ideals are kept alive today—an approach that often is neglected in studies on ancient reception.This book offers an international scope and illustrates how academic conceptual foundations influence museum exhibitions.This timely volume discusses contemporary museum exhibitions of ancient sculpture and clarifies how old discourses continue to affect museum exhibitions and conceptualizations of ancient sculptures. The authors analyze close to 100 museums around the world, and demonstrate the ways in which ancient sculptures are mediated across Europe and the West.

Material Evidence

Material Evidence

Learning from Archaeological Practice

  • Author: Robert Chapman,Alison Wylie
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317576225
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 2737
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How do archaeologists make effective use of physical traces and material culture as repositories of evidence? Material Evidence takes a resolutely case-based approach to this question, exploring instances of exemplary practice, key challenges, instructive failures, and innovative developments in the use of archaeological data as evidence. The goal is to bring to the surface the wisdom of practice, teasing out norms of archaeological reasoning from evidence. Archaeologists make compelling use of an enormously diverse range of material evidence, from garbage dumps to monuments, from finely crafted artifacts rich with cultural significance to the detritus of everyday life and the inadvertent transformation of landscapes over the long term. Each contributor to Material Evidence identifies a particular type of evidence with which they grapple and considers, with reference to concrete examples, how archaeologists construct evidential claims, critically assess them, and bring them to bear on pivotal questions about the cultural past. Historians, cultural anthropologists, philosophers, and science studies scholars are increasingly interested in working with material things as objects of inquiry and as evidence – and they acknowledge on all sides just how challenging this is. One of the central messages of the book is that close analysis of archaeological best practice can yield constructive guidelines for practice that have much to offer archaeologists and those in related fields.

What Is Archaeology?

What Is Archaeology?

An Essay on the Nature of Archaeological Research

  • Author: Paul Courbin
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226116563
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 197
  • View: 1393
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Paul Courbin puts forward a penetrating and eloquent critique of the New Archeology, a movement of primarily American and British archaeologists that began in the 1960s and continues today. The New Archeologists dropped the "ae" spelling, symbolizing their intent to put the field on a modern and scientific footing. They questioned the bases, the objectives, and consequently the methods of traditional archaeology. Courbin examines this movement, its latent philosophy, its methods and their application, its theories, and its results. He declares that the record shows a devastating failure. The New Archeologists, he contends, may have developed scientific hypotheses, but in most cases they failed to carry out what is necessary to test their theories, thus contradicting the very goals they had set for the discipline. Reevaluating the field as a whole, Courbin asks, What is archaeology? He distinguishes it from such related fields as history and anthropology, emphatically arguing that the primary task of archaeology is what the archaeologist alone can accomplish: the establishment of facts—stratigraphies, time sequences, and identification tools, bones, potsherds, and so on. When archaeological findings lead to historical or anthropological conclusions, as they very often do, archaeologists must be aware that this involves a specific change in their work; they are no longer archaeologists proper. The archaeologist's work, Courbin stresses, is not a humble auxiliary of anthropology or history, but the foundation upon which historians and anthropologists of ancient civilizations will build and without which their theories cannot but collapse. What Is Archaeology? was originally published in French in 1982.

Final Neolithic Crete and the Southeast Aegean

Final Neolithic Crete and the Southeast Aegean

  • Author: Krzysztof Nowicki
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 1614510377
  • Category: History
  • Page: 508
  • View: 9450
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This book presents an archaeological study of Crete in transition from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age (c. 4000 to 3000 BC) within the broader South Aegean context. The study, based on the author’s own fieldwork, contains a gazetteer of over 170 sites. The material from these sites will prompt archaeologists in Greece, Turkey, and the Middle East to reconsider their understanding of the foundation of Bronze Age civilization in the Aegean.

Der archaische Staat

Der archaische Staat

zur Soziologie charismatischer Herrschaft

  • Author: Stefan Breuer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political sociology
  • Page: 234
  • View: 1386
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Die Ägäische Frühzeit

Die Ägäische Frühzeit

Forschungsbericht 1975-1993. Das Neolithikum in Griechenland mit Ausnahme von Kreta und Zypern

  • Author: Nicholas Efstratiou
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 627
  • View: 3370
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Neuere Daten Zur Siedlungsgeschichte und Chronologie Der Kupferzeit Des Karpatenbeckens

Neuere Daten Zur Siedlungsgeschichte und Chronologie Der Kupferzeit Des Karpatenbeckens

  • Author: Tibor Kovács
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9789637421945
  • Category: Copper age
  • Page: 122
  • View: 1166
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Balkan - Urbanistik/Siedlungsstruktur - Wohngebäude.

Damaszener Mitteilungen

Damaszener Mitteilungen

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Damascus (Syria)
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9284
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Paradimi

Paradimi

  • Author: Γεώργιος Μπακαλάκης,Αγνή Σακελλαρίου
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Paradimi Site (Greece)
  • Page: 85
  • View: 9150
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Zwischen Karpaten und Ägäis

Zwischen Karpaten und Ägäis

Neolithikum und ältere Bronzezeit: Gedenkschrift für Viera Němejcová-Pavúková

  • Author: Viera Němejcová-Pavúková,Bernhard Hänsel,Etela Studeníková
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783896464217
  • Category: Archaeology
  • Page: 410
  • View: 9021
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Beiträge zur ur- und frühgeschichtlichen Archäologie des Mittelmeer-Kulturraumes

Beiträge zur ur- und frühgeschichtlichen Archäologie des Mittelmeer-Kulturraumes

  • Author: Jörg Rambach
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783774928312
  • Category: Mediterranean Region
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3021
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