Search Results for "the-expansion-of-central-europe-in-the-middle-ages"

The Expansion of Central Europe in the Middle Ages

The Expansion of Central Europe in the Middle Ages

  • Author: Nora Berend
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351890085
  • Category: History
  • Page: 544
  • View: 7669
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This volume brings together a set of key studies on the history of medieval Central Europe (Bohemia, Hungary, Poland), along with others specially commissioned for the book or translated, and a new introduction. This region was both an area of immigration, and one of polities in expansion. Such expansion included the settlement and exploitation of previously empty lands as well as rulers' attempts to incorporate new territories under their rule, although these attempts did not always succeed. Often, German immigration has been prioritized in scholarship, and the medieval expansion of Central Europe has been equated with the expansion of Germans. Debates then focused on the positive or negative contribution of Germans to local life, and the consequences of their settlement. This perspective, however, distorts our understanding of medieval processes. On the one hand, Central Europe was not a passive recipient of immigrants. Local rulers and eventually nobles benefited from and encouraged immigration; they played an active role. On the other hand, German immigration was not a unified movement, and cannot be equated with a drang nach osten. Finally, not just Germans, but also various Romance-speaking and other immigrant groups settled in Central Europe. This volume, therefore, seeks to present a more complex picture of medieval expansion in Central Europe.

Central Europe in the High Middle Ages

Central Europe in the High Middle Ages

Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, c.900–c.1300

  • Author: Nora Berend,Przemysław Urbańczyk,Przemysław Wiszewski
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521781566
  • Category: History
  • Page: 550
  • View: 6816
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A groundbreaking comparative history of the formation of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, from their origins in the eleventh century.

The Central Middle Ages

The Central Middle Ages

Europe 950-1320

  • Author: Daniel Power
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199253110
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 7091
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This new volume in the Short Oxford History of Europe series traces the history of Europe in the central middle ages (c.950-1320), an age of far-reaching change for the continent. Seven expert contributors consider the history of this period from a variety of perspectives, including political, social, economic, religious and intellectual history. - ;The period from the late tenth to the early fourteenth centuries was one of the most dynamic in European history. Latin Christendom found a new confidence which has left its mark upon the landscape in the form of the great cathedrals and castles, w.

Medieval Ethnographies

Medieval Ethnographies

European Perceptions of the World Beyond

  • Author: Joan-Pau Rubiés
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351918613
  • Category: History
  • Page: 466
  • View: 8022
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From the twelfth century, a growing sense of cultural confidence in the Latin West (at the same time that the central lands of Islam suffered from numerous waves of conquest and devastation) was accompanied by the increasing importance of the genre of empirical ethnographies. From a a global perspective what is most distinctive of Europe is the genre's long-term impact rather than its mere empirical potential, or its ethnocentrism (all of which can also be found in China and in Islamic cultures). Hence what needs emphasizing is the multiplication of original writings over time, their increased circulation, and their authoritative status as a 'scientific' discourse. The empirical bent was more characteristic of travel accounts than of theological disputations - in fact, the less elaborate the theological discourse, the stronger the ethnographic impulse (although many travel writers were clerics). This anthology of classic articles in the history of medieval ethnographies illustrates this theme with reference to the contexts and genres of travel writing, the transformation of enduring myths (ranging from oriental marvels to the virtuous ascetics of India or Prester John), the practical expression of particular encounters from the Mongols to the Atlantic, and the various attempts to explain cultural differences, either through the concept of barbarism, or through geography and climate.

Manufacturing a Past for the Present

Manufacturing a Past for the Present

Forgery and Authenticity in Medievalist Texts and Objects in Nineteenth-Century Europe

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004276815
  • Category: History
  • Page: 360
  • View: 7899
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Manufacturing a Past for the Present contains a series of essays on forgeries and manipulated texts and objects mainly in the service of modern nations emerging during the long nineteenth century, and reflections on the related debates on authenticity.

The West European City

The West European City

A Geographical Interpretation

  • Author: Robert E. Dickinson
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 9780415177115
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 582
  • View: 7872
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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Seafarers, Merchants and Pirates in the Middle Ages

Seafarers, Merchants and Pirates in the Middle Ages

  • Author: Dirk Meier
  • Publisher: Boydell Press
  • ISBN: 9781843832379
  • Category: History
  • Page: 184
  • View: 2385
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In this engaging and highly-illustrated volume, Dirk Meier brings to life the world of the medieval seaman, based on evidence from ship excavations and contemporary accounts of voyages.

The Expansion of England

The Expansion of England

Two Courses of Lectures

  • Author: John Robert Seeley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110802355X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 322
  • View: 4662
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This 1883 work examines the history of the British Empire and its position in the world, past, present and future.

Gold

Gold

History and Genesis of Deposits

  • Author: Boyle
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461319692
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 676
  • View: 9378
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GOLD: History and Genesis of Deposits is the product of an effort by the Society of Economic Geologists to publish materials that will expand knowl edge concerning timely, specific topics important to the study of economic geology and to economic geologists. A volume on gold was selected for a general review-type publication because of the importance of the gold mining industry in the 1980s. The officers and council of the Society of Economic Geologists authorized the preparation of this book on gold in 1981, and Dr. Robert W. Boyle was selected as its author. Dr. Boyle has extensive experience in the study of gold deposits. He has an international reputation and a broad interest and understanding of the gold mining industry, the origin of gold deposits, and the history of gold as a metal and ore from prehistoric times to recent. Dr. Boyle uses important publications on gold deposits as source materials to document the various pathways of geological thought over time to introduce the reader to modern concepts. The book contains a wealth of information concerning gold.

The Medieval Expansion of Europe

The Medieval Expansion of Europe

  • Author: J. R. S. Phillips
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198207405
  • Category: History
  • Page: 306
  • View: 3181
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Between the year 1000 and the middle of the fourteenth century a remarkable series of events unfolded as Europeans made contact with a very substantial part of the inhabited world, much of it never previously known to or suspected by them. Leif Ericsson and other Vikings from Greenland discovered North America; European crusading armies established themselves in Syria and Palestine; Marco Polo and other Italian merchants, and missionaries such as John of Monte Corvino penetrated the dominions of the Mongol great Khans as far as China; the Vivaldi brothers sought to open a sea route to India; Jaime Ferrer was lured by dreams of locating the source of West African gold; and the Atlantic island groups, the canaries, Madeira, and the Azores, were all discovered. For this Clarendon Paperback edition, Professor Phillips has added a new Foreword and Conclusion, as well as a bibliographical essay, surveying recent work in what is becoming a thriving area of research.

Communities of Devotion

Communities of Devotion

Religious Orders and Society in East Central Europe, 1450–1800

  • Author: Dr Elaine Fulton,Dr Maria Craciun
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409482448
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 302
  • View: 7763
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Between the later middle ages and the eighteenth century, religious orders were in the vanguard of reform movements within the Christian church. Recent scholarship on medieval Europe has emphasised how mendicants exercised a significant influence on the religiosity of the laity by actually shaping their spirituality and piety. In a similar way for the early modern period, religious orders have been credited with disseminating Tridentine reform, training new clergy, gaining new converts and bringing those who had strayed back into the fold. Much about this process, however, still remains unknown, particularly with regards to east central Europe. Exploring the complex relationship between western monasticism and lay society in east central Europe across a broad chronological timeframe, this collection provides a re-examination of the level and nature of interaction between members of religious orders and the communities around them. That the studies in this collection are all located in east central Europe - Transylvania, Hungary, Austria, and Bohemia- fulfils a second key aim of the volume: the examination of clerical and lay piety in a region of Europe almost entirely ignored by western scholarship. As such the volume provides an important addition to current scholarship, showcasing fresh research on a subject and region on which little has been published in English. The volume further contributes to the reintegration of eastern and western European history, expanding the existing parameters of scholarly discourse into late medieval and early modern religious practice and piety.

East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500

East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500

  • Author: Jean W Sedlar
  • Publisher: University of Washington Press
  • ISBN: 0295972912
  • Category: History
  • Page: 556
  • View: 1672
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Although the Middle Ages saw brilliant achievements in the diverse nations of East Central Europe, this period has been almost totally neglected in Western historical scholarship. East Central Europe in the Middle Ages provides a much-needed overview of the history of the region from the time when the present nationalities established their state structures and adopted Christianity up to the Ottoman conquest. Jean Sedlar’s excellent synthesis clarifies what was going on in Europe between the Elbe and the Ukraine during the Middle Ages, making available for the first time in a single volume information necessary to a fuller understanding of the early history of present-day Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and the former Yugoslavia.

West European City Ils 179

West European City Ils 179

  • Author: Robert E Dickinson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136259708
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 6620
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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216

The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216

  • Author: Hugh M. Thomas
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191007013
  • Category: History
  • Page: 480
  • View: 4076
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The secular clergy - priests and other clerics outside of monastic orders - were among the most influential and powerful groups in European society during the central Middle Ages. The secular clergy got their title from the Latin word for world, saeculum, and secular clerics kept the Church running in the world beyond the cloister wall, with responsibility for the bulk of pastoral care and ecclesiastical administration. This gave them enormous religious influence, although they were considered too worldly by many contemporary moralists - trying, for instance, to oppose the elimination of clerical marriage and concubinage. Although their worldliness created many tensions, it also gave the secular clergy much worldly influence. Contemporaries treated elite secular clerics as equivalent to knights, and some were as wealthy as minor barons. Secular clerics had a huge role in the rise of royal bureaucracy, one of the key historical developments of the period. They were instrumental to the intellectual and cultural flowering of the twelfth century, the rise of the schools, the creation of the book trade, and the invention of universities. They performed music, produced literature in a variety of genres and languages, and patronized art and architecture. Indeed, this volume argues that they contributed more than any other group to the Twelfth-Century Renaissance. Yet the secular clergy as a group have received almost no attention from scholars, unlike monks, nuns, or secular nobles. In The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216, Hugh Thomas aims to correct this deficiency through a major study of the secular clergy below the level of bishop in England from 1066 to 1216.

Introduction to Medieval Europe 300–1500

Introduction to Medieval Europe 300–1500

  • Author: Wim Blockmans,Peter Hoppenbrouwers
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351598449
  • Category: History
  • Page: 498
  • View: 1600
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Introduction to Medieval Europe 300–1500 provides a comprehensive survey of this complex and varied formative period of European history, covering themes as diverse as barbarian migrations, the impact of Christianisation, the formation of nations and states, the emergence of an expansionist commercial economy, the growth of cities, the Crusades, the effects of plague, and the intellectual and cultural life of the Middle Ages. The book explores the driving forces behind the formation of medieval society and the directions in which it developed and changed. In doing this, the authors cover a wide geographic expanse, including Western interactions with the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic World. This third edition contains a wealth of new features that help to bring this fascinating era to life, including: • A number of new maps and images to further understanding of the period • Clear signposting and extended discussions of key topics such as feudalism and gender • Expanded geographic coverage into Eastern Europe and the Middle East. ? The book is accompanied by a companion website which is a free resource that features, for instructors, assignable discussion questions and all of the images and maps in the book available to download, and for students, a comparative interactive timeline of the period and links to useful websites. New to this edition are suggested medieval films and novels to be assigned alongside each chapter. Clear and stimulating, the third edition of Introduction to Medieval Europe is the ideal companion to studying Europe in the Middle Ages at undergraduate level.

Family History Revisited

Family History Revisited

Comparative Perspectives

  • Author: Richard Wall,Tamara K. Hareven,Josef Ehmer
  • Publisher: University of Delaware Press
  • ISBN: 9780874136876
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 403
  • View: 2389
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This collection of original essays by the leading scholars on the historical study of the family covers topics ranging from the timing of marriage and chldbearing to love, family relations, gender roles, aging, the relations between generations, and family and household dynamics among various social classes. The essays point to new directions in the field by examining the dimensions of family relations such as the role of love in the life of peasants, the interaction of children born out of wedlock with their fathers, the impact of property on family relations and the role of culture, as well as social structure in explaining family and life course patterns. Essays by Tamara Hareven and Peter Laslett discuss general developments in this field and their relationship to the larger understanding of social change.

Atlas of Medieval Europe

Atlas of Medieval Europe

  • Author: David Ditchburn,Angus Mackay
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134806922
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3359
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Covering the period from the fall of the Roman Empire through to the beginnings of the Renaissance, this is an indispensable volume which brings the complex and colourful history of the Middle Ages to life. Key features: * geographical coverage extends to the broadest definition of Europe from the Atlantic coast to the Russian steppes * each map approaches a separate issue or series of events in Medieval history, whilst a commentary locates it in its broader context * as a body, the maps provide a vivid representation of the development of nations, peoples and social structures. With over 140 maps, expert commentaries and an extensive bibliography, this is the essential reference for those who are striving to understand the fundamental issues of this period.

A Social and Religious History of the Jews: Late Middle Ages and the era of European expansion, 1200-1650

A Social and Religious History of the Jews: Late Middle Ages and the era of European expansion, 1200-1650

  • Author: Salo Wittmayer Baron
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231088558
  • Category: History
  • Page: 620
  • View: 1647
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Why do smokers claim that the first cigarette of the day is the best? What is the biological basis behind some heavy drinkers' belief that the "hair-of-the-dog" method alleviates the effects of a hangover? Why does marijuana seem to affect ones problem-solving capacity? Intoxicating Minds is, in the author's words, "a grand excavation of drug myth." Neither extolling nor condemning drug use, it is a story of scientific and artistic achievement, war and greed, empires and religions, and lessons for the future. Ciaran Regan looks at each class of drugs, describing the historical evolution of their use, explaining how they work within the brain's neurophysiology, and outlining the basic pharmacology of those substances. From a consideration of the effect of stimulants, such as caffeine and nicotine, and the reasons and consequences of their sudden popularity in the seventeenth century, the book moves to a discussion of more modern stimulants, such as cocaine and ecstasy. In addition, Regan explains how we process memory, the nature of thought disorders, and therapies for treating depression and schizophrenia. Regan then considers psychedelic drugs and their perceived mystical properties and traces the history of placebos to ancient civilizations. Finally, Intoxicating Minds considers the physical consequences of our co-evolution with drugs--how they have altered our very being--and offers a glimpse of the brave new world of drug therapies.

The Conversion of Scandinavia

The Conversion of Scandinavia

Vikings, Merchants, and Missionaries in the Remaking of Northern Europe

  • Author: Anders Winroth
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300170262
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9617
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In this book a MacArthur Award-winning scholar argues for a radically new interpretation of the conversion of Scandinavia from paganism to Christianity in the early Middle Ages. Overturning the received narrative of Europe's military and religious conquest and colonization of the region, Anders Winroth contends that rather than acting as passive recipients, Scandinavians converted to Christianity because it was in individual chieftains' political, economic, and cultural interests to do so. Through a painstaking analysis and historical reconstruction of both archeological and literary sources, and drawing on scholarly work that has been unavailable in English, Winroth opens up new avenues for studying European ascendency and the expansion of Christianity in the medieval period.

A Short History of the Middle Ages, Volume II

A Short History of the Middle Ages, Volume II

From c.900 to c.1500, Fourth Edition

  • Author: Barbara H. Rosenwein
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442606177
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4316
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Barbara H. Rosenwein's bestselling survey text continues to stand out by integrating the history of three medieval civilizations (European, Byzantine, and Islamic) in a lively narrative that is complemented beautifully by full-color plates, maps, and genealogies. The fourth edition begins with an essay entitled "Why the Middle Ages Matter Today," and the book now covers East Central Europe in some depth. New plates and maps have been added along with a new "Seeing the Middle Ages" feature. The sections for further reading have been updated, and ancillary materials, including study questions, can be found on the History Matters website (www.utphistorymatters.com).