Search Results for "the-framework-of-plasma-physics-frontiers-in-physics"

The Framework Of Plasma Physics

The Framework Of Plasma Physics

  • Author: Richard D. Hazeltine
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0429982437
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 758
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Plasma physics is a necessary part of our understanding of stellar and galactic structure. It determines the magnetospheric environment of the earth and other planets; it forms the research frontier in such areas as nuclear fusion, advanced accelerators, and high power lasers; and its applications to various industrial processes (such as computer chip manufacture) are rapidly increasing. It is thus a subject with a long list of scientific and technological applications. This book provides the scientific background for understanding such applications, but it emphasizes something else: the intrinsic scientific interest of the plasma state. It attempts to develop an understanding of this state, and of plasma behavior, as thoroughly and systematically as possible. The book was written with the graduate student in mind, but most of the material would also fit into an upper-level undergraduate course.

Basic Principles Of Plasma Physics

Basic Principles Of Plasma Physics

A Statistical Approach

  • Author: Setsuo Ichimaru
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0429970668
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 3201
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The book describes a statistical approach to the basics of plasma physics.

Frontiers in Fusion Research

Frontiers in Fusion Research

Physics and Fusion

  • Author: Mitsuru Kikuchi
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781849964111
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 270
  • View: 6143
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Frontiers in Fusion Research provides a systematic overview of the latest physical principles of fusion and plasma confinement. It is primarily devoted to the principle of magnetic plasma confinement, that has been systematized through 50 years of fusion research. Frontiers in Fusion Research begins with an introduction to the study of plasma, discussing the astronomical birth of hydrogen energy and the beginnings of human attempts to harness the Sun’s energy for use on Earth. It moves on to chapters that cover a variety of topics such as: • charged particle motion, • plasma kinetic theory, • wave dynamics, • force equilibrium, and • plasma turbulence. The final part of the book describes the characteristics of fusion as a source of energy and examines the current status of this particular field of research. Anyone with a grasp of basic quantum and analytical mechanics, especially physicists and researchers from a range of different backgrounds, may find Frontiers in Fusion Research an interesting and informative guide to the physics of magnetic confinement.

Frontiers in Dusty Plasmas

Frontiers in Dusty Plasmas

  • Author: Y. Nakamura,T. Yokota,P.K. Shukla
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9780080532035
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 580
  • View: 2962
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The study of dusty plasmas is now in a vigorous state of development. Dust and plasma coexist in a vast variety of cosmic environments and their research received a major boost in the early 80's with the Voyager spacecraft observations of peculiar features in the Saturnian ring system (e.g. the radial spokes) which could not be explained purely in gravitational terms. In addition, dust streams were measured by the Galileo spacecraft in the Jovian magnetosphere and charged dust in the earth's mesosphere was detected by a direct rocket experiment. Since then the area has greatly expanded with dedicated laboratory experiments verifying aspects of basic physics of charged dust grains in plasmas. These proceedings contain invited and poster papers which were presented by scientists active in the field from more than twenty countries. The material contains new aspects of collective interactions in dusty plasmas. For example, discoveries of dust-acoustic Mach cones, dust ion-acoustic shocks, great dust voids, vortex formation, dust crystallization under microgravity, coexistence of positive negative dust grains in the mesosphere and dust in tokamaks. The more theoretical and simulation studies focus on dynamical and structural properties and kinetic theories of strongly coupled dusty plasmas, as well as on self-organizations and structures, in addition to identifying forces (viz. wakefields, electrostatic and dipolar interactions etc.), which are responsible for charged dust grain attraction and phase transitions. The resulting book is a valuable, state-of-the-art review of the field of dusty plasma physics and will be welcomed by both researchers and graduate students who want to keep up to date in this rapidly growing field.

Plasma Confinement

Plasma Confinement

  • Author: R. D. Hazeltine,J. D. Meiss
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486151034
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 480
  • View: 7545
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Graduate-level text examines the essential physics underlying international research in magnetic confinement fusion with accounts of fundamental concepts behind methods of confining plasma at or near thermonuclear conditions. 1992 edition.

Computational Plasma Physics

Computational Plasma Physics

With Applications To Fusion And Astrophysics

  • Author: Toshi Tajima
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0429970021
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 528
  • View: 1888
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The physics of plasmas is an extremely rich and complex subject as the variety of topics addressed in this book demonstrates. This richness and complexity demands new and powerful techniques for investigating plasma physics. An outgrowth from his graduate course teaching, now with corrections, Tajima's text provides not only a lucid introduction to computational plasma physics, but also offers the reader many examples of the way numerical modeling, properly handled, can provide valuable physical understanding of the nonlinear aspects so often encountered in both laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. Included here are computational methods for modern nonlinear physics as applied to hydrodynamic turbulence, solitons, fast reconnection of magnetic fields, anomalous transports, dynamics of the sun, and more. The text contains examples of problems now solved using computational techniques including those concerning finite-size particles, spectral techniques, implicit differencing, gyrokinetic approaches, and particle simulation.

The Physics Of Laser Plasma Interactions

The Physics Of Laser Plasma Interactions

  • Author: William Kruer
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • ISBN: 9780813340838
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 202
  • View: 5243
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Based on a graduate course in plasma physics taught at University of California, Davis, this classic book provides a concise overview and a physically-motivated treatment of the major plasma processes which determine the interaction of intense light waves with plasmas. It also includes a discussion of basic plasma concepts, plasma simulation using particle codes, and laser plasma experiments. This is the most elementary book currently available that successfully blends theory, simulation, and experiment, and presents a clear exposition of the major physical processes involved in laser-plasma interactions. This was also the first book on the topic by anyone involved in the United States Laser Fusion Program. Dr. Kruer has more than 30 years of active participation in this field.

Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics:

Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics:

The X-Games of Contemporary Science

  • Author: Plasma Science Committee,Committee on High Energy Density Plasma Physics,National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 030908637X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 3444
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Recent scientific and technical advances have made it possible to create matter in the laboratory under conditions relevant to astrophysical systems such as supernovae and black holes. These advances will also benefit inertial confinement fusion research and the nation’s nuclear weapon’s program. The report describes the major research facilities on which such high energy density conditions can be achieved and lists a number of key scientific questions about high energy density physics that can be addressed by this research. Several recommendations are presented that would facilitate the development of a comprehensive strategy for realizing these research opportunities.

Lie Algebras In Particle Physics

Lie Algebras In Particle Physics

from Isospin To Unified Theories

  • Author: Howard Georgi
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0429978847
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 340
  • View: 8125
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Howard Georgi is the co-inventor (with Sheldon Glashow) of the SU(5) theory. This extensively revised and updated edition of his classic text makes the theory of Lie groups accessible to graduate students, while offering a perspective on the way in which knowledge of such groups can provide an insight into the development of unified theories of strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions.

Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics:

Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics:

The X-Games of Contemporary Science

  • Author: Plasma Science Committee,Committee on High Energy Density Plasma Physics,National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 030908637X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 5635
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Recent scientific and technical advances have made it possible to create matter in the laboratory under conditions relevant to astrophysical systems such as supernovae and black holes. These advances will also benefit inertial confinement fusion research and the nation’s nuclear weapon’s program. The report describes the major research facilities on which such high energy density conditions can be achieved and lists a number of key scientific questions about high energy density physics that can be addressed by this research. Several recommendations are presented that would facilitate the development of a comprehensive strategy for realizing these research opportunities.

Plasma Science:

Plasma Science:

Advancing Knowledge in the National Interest

  • Author: Board on Physics and Astronomy,Plasma Science Committee,Plasma 2010 Committee,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309109434
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 1829
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As part of its current physics decadal survey, Physics 2010, the NRC was asked by the DOE, NSF, and NASA to carry out an assessment of and outlook for the broad field of plasma science and engineering over the next several years. The study was to focus on progress in plasma research, identify the most compelling new scientific opportunities, evaluate prospects for broader application of plasmas, and offer guidance to realize these opportunities. The study paid particular attention to these last two points. This "demand-side" perspective provided a clear look at what plasma research can do to help achieve national goals of fusion energy, economic competitiveness, and nuclear weapons stockpile stewardship. The report provides an examination of the broad themes that frame plasma research: low-temperature plasma science and engineering; plasma physics at high energy density; plasma science of magnetic fusion; space and astrophysical science; and basic plasma science. Within those themes, the report offers a bold vision for future developments in plasma science.

Classical Field Theory

Classical Field Theory

On Electrodynamics, Non-Abelian Gauge Theories and Gravitation

  • Author: Florian Scheck
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3662555794
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 5967
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Scheck’s successful textbook presents a comprehensive treatment, ideally suited for a one-semester course. The textbook describes Maxwell's equations first in their integral, directly testable form, then moves on to their local formulation. The first two chapters cover all essential properties of Maxwell's equations, including their symmetries and their covariance in a modern notation. Chapter 3 is devoted to Maxwell's theory as a classical field theory and to solutions of the wave equation. Chapter 4 deals with important applications of Maxwell's theory. It includes topical subjects such as metamaterials with negative refraction index and solutions of Helmholtz' equation in paraxial approximation relevant for the description of laser beams. Chapter 5 describes non-Abelian gauge theories from a classical, geometric point of view, in analogy to Maxwell's theory as a prototype, and culminates in an application to the U(2) theory relevant for electroweak interactions. The last chapter 6 gives a concise summary of semi-Riemannian geometry as the framework for the classical field theory of gravitation. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the Schwarzschild solution of Einstein's equations and the classical tests of general relativity. The new concept of this edition presents the content divided into two tracks: the fast track for master's students, providing the essentials, and the intensive track for all wanting to get in depth knowledge of the field. Cleary labeled material and sections guide students through the preferred level of treatment. Numerous problems and worked examples will provide successful access to Classical Field Theory.

The Higgs Hunter's Guide

The Higgs Hunter's Guide

  • Author: John F. Gunion
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0429976070
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 5553
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The Higgs Hunter's Guide is a definitive and comprehensive guide to the physics of Higgs bosons. In particular, it discusses the extended Higgs sectors required by those recent theoretical approaches that go beyond the Standard Model, including supersymmetry and superstring-inspired models.

Frontiers in Modern Plasma Physics

Frontiers in Modern Plasma Physics

2008 ICTP International Workshop on the Frontiers of Modern Plasma Physics

  • Author: Padma K. Shukla,Bengt Eliasson,Lennart Stenflo
  • Publisher: American Inst. of Physics
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 622
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The main focus of the workshop was on tokamak physics and magnetic confinement fusion, plasma turbulence, dusty plasmas, intense laser-plasma interactions, plasma based particle acceleration, and quantum plasmas including quantum electrodynamic effects. The aim of the workshop was also to provide training for young scientists from all over the world, mainly from third world countries, and to give them the opportunity to interact with the senior scientists in an informal manner. A selected number of papers by the invited speakers appears in this book.

Solar Neutrinos

Solar Neutrinos

The First Thirty Years

  • Author: Raymond Davis, Jr.
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0429971362
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 488
  • View: 2714
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The papers reprinted in this book depict a research field that is poised to answer some of the fundamental questions of twentieth-century physics and astronomy: How does the sun shine? What is the dark matter? Is there new physics beyond the ?standard model??This book is of interest to students as well as active researchers in the scientific areas spanned by the reprinted papers, which include physics, chemistry, astronomy, geology, and engineering. Historians of science, some of whom have already used the solar neutrino problem as a case study, will also find this collection a rich source of examples and insights.Solar Neutrinos gives one the special feeling of being present at the birth of a scientific field. The physical ideas are presented with a simplicity that is unusual in review of papers. By delving into the scientific landmarks reprinted here, one can see clearly how researchers-starting with a paucity of data and with conflicting hypothesis-struggled together to grope their way to a better understanding of the sun and of weak interaction physics. Three new papers have been added to the present paperback version; these papers represent breakthroughs in the field since the original 1994 hardcopy publication.

Fluids in Porous Media

Fluids in Porous Media

  • Author: Henk Huinink
  • Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 1681742985
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 115
  • View: 9781
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This book introduces the reader into the field of the physics of processes occurring in porous media. It targets Master and PhD students who need to gain fundamental understanding the impact of confinement on transport and phase change processes. The book gives brief overviews of topics like thermodynamics, capillarity and fluid mechanics in order to launch the reader smoothly into the realm of porous media. In-depth discussions are given of phase change phenomena in porous media, single phase flow, unsaturated flow and multiphase flow. In order to make the topics concrete the book contains numerous example calculations. Further, as much experimental data as possible is plugged in to give the reader the ability to quantify phenomena.

Relativity Matters

Relativity Matters

From Einstein's EMC2 to Laser Particle Acceleration and Quark-Gluon Plasma

  • Author: Johann Rafelski
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319512315
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 468
  • View: 6556
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Rafelski presents Special Relativity in a language deemed accessible to students without any topical preparation - avoiding the burden of geometry, tensor calculus, and space-time symmetries – and yet advancing in highly contemporary context all the way to research frontiers. Special Relativity is presented such that nothing remains a paradox or just apparent, but rather is explained. A text of similar character, content, and scope, has not been available before. This book describes Special Relativity when rigid material bodies are introduced describing the reality of body contraction; it shows the relevance of acceleration and the necessary evolution of the theoretical framework when acceleration is critical. This book also presents the evolving views of Einstein about the aether. In addition to a careful and elementary introduction to relativity complete with exercises, worked examples and many discussions, this volume connects to current research topics so that readers can explore Special Relativity from the foundation to the frontier.

Dynamics of Galaxies

Dynamics of Galaxies

  • Author: Giuseppe Bertin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107000548
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 484
  • View: 3613
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Provides advanced students with an introduction to modern galactic dynamics, and equips them with useful observational and theoretical tools.

Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

  • Author: W. Maxwell Cowan,Thomas M. Jessell,Stephen Lawrence Zipursky
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0195111664
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 563
  • View: 4803
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Comprehensive, up-to-date and authoritative, this volume covers all the recent advances in understanding the early events of neural development at the molecular and cellular levels. The authors detail the applications of molecular genetic methods to the study of neural induction, neuronal phenotypes and processes, and the formation of specific patterns of connections. They analyze the new information generated through modern techniques for identifying, cloning, deleting and introducing specific genes, for labeling neuronal or glial precursors, and for imaging individual neurons or parts of neurons. Other chapters focus on the increasing use of a variety of model organisms: fruit flies, nematode worms, zebra fish, xenopus frogs, chicks, and mice. The improved conservation of DNA and protein sequences, and the availability of gene and protein databases have made it possible to rapidly identify gene homologues in organisms sometimes separated by hundreds of millions of years of evolution. This volume features several chapters co-authored by investigators one of whom works on vertebrates and the other on invertebrates. They demonstrate clearly that although the nervous systems of a fruit fly and a mouse, for example, are quite different in appearance and organization, many of the same molecular players and cellular processes are involved in their assembly. Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development will be of great practical interest to researchers, graduate students and post-doctoral fellows in developmental, cell and molecular biology, genetics, and neuroscience.

Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics

Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Geophysics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6052
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