Search Results for "the-future-of-criminology"

The Future of Criminology

The Future of Criminology

  • Author: Rolf Loeber,Brandon C. Welsh
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199917949
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4345
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Criminology is a dynamic and evolving field of study. In recent decades, the study of the causes, development, prevention, and treatment of juvenile delinquency and adult crime has produced many important discoveries. This volume addresses two questions about crucial topics facing criminology - from causation to prevention to public policy: Where are we now? What does the future hold? Rolf Loeber and Brandon C. Welsh lead a team of more than forty top scholars from across the world to present the future of research, policy, and practice in the discipline.

Criminological Theories

Criminological Theories

Bridging the Past to the Future

  • Author: Suzette Cote
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 0761925031
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 411
  • View: 5281
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This book is an anthology of 34 previously published articles and book exerpts that focus on the major theories, past and present, that inform criminology today. While there are a variety of readers available in criminological theory, Cote provides a greater emphasis on some of the novel, newer theories, and some of the often overlooked theoretical perspectives - particularly the newer integrative perspectives. Additionally, an innovative section early in the book contains articles looking at the points where theory and research in the fields of criminology and criminal justice merge and diverge. Features/Benefits: · Some new perspectives not often seen in theory readers · There is a greater emphasis on issues of gender, race, and class within criminological theories and criminality giving the book a more contemporary feel. · The anthology includes and expands on topics typically neglected in other texts, namely white-collar crime; developmental criminology; new penology; postmodern and constitutive theories; and integrated theories that consider genetics, psychology, and environmental approaches. · Brief overviews introducing each article discuss the author, the article's important points, and a context for its development and value. · Discussion questions at the end of each theory section.

The Futures of Criminology

The Futures of Criminology

  • Author: David Nelken
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 250
  • View: 743
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Taking stock of exciting recent developments in criminology, this book sets it in the context of contemporary intellectual debates. Distinguished international criminologists present a critical survey of the theoretical accomplishments of the field and their viability for the future, with proposals to change ways of analyzing current developments in crime and crime control. The wide-ranging discussions are fundamental to the re-examination of criminology. They include the limits of criminology's ability to be reflexive; the reasons for criminology's fragmentation; the encounter between criminology and postmodernism; the emergence of actuarial justice; and the insights to be gained from comparative criminology.

The Future of Policing

The Future of Policing

  • Author: Jennifer M. Brown
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136758844
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 522
  • View: 1840
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The police service in England and Wales is facing major challenges in its financing, political oversight and reorganisation of its structures. Current economic conditions have created a wholly new environment whereby cost saving is permitting hitherto unthinkable changes in the style and means of delivery of policing services. In the context of these proposed changes Lord Stevens, formerly Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service was asked to chair an Independent Commission looking into the future of policing. The Commission has a wide ranging remit and the papers in this book offer up-to-date analysis of contemporary problems from the novel perspective of developing a reform agenda to assist the Commission. Bringing together contributions from both key academic thinkers and police professionals, this book discusses new policing paradigms, lays out a case for an evidence-based practice approach and draws attention to developing areas such as terrorism, public order and hate crime. Policing is too important to be left to politicians, as the health of a democracy may be judged by the relationship between the police and the public. The aim of this book is to question and present analyses of problems offer new ideas and propose realistically achievable solutions without being so timid as to preserve the status quo. It will be of interest to both academics and students in the fields of criminology and policing studies, as well as professionals in the policing service, NGOs and local authority organisations.

The Constitution and the Future of Criminal Justice in America

The Constitution and the Future of Criminal Justice in America

  • Author: John T. Parry,L. Song Richardson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781107605220
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 348
  • View: 6953
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The Future of Criminal Justice in America brings together leading scholars from law, psychology, and criminology to address timely and important topics in U.S. criminal justice. The book tackles cutting-edge issues related to terrorism, immigration, and transnational crime, and to the increasingly important connections between criminal law and the fields of social science and neuroscience. It also provides critical new perspectives on intractable problems such as the right to counsel, race and policing, and the proper balance between security and privacy. By putting legal theory and doctrine into a concrete and accessible context, the book will advance public policy and scholarly debates alike. This collection of essays is appropriate for anyone interested in understanding the current state of criminal justice and its future challenges.

The Future of Rational Choice for Crime Prevention

The Future of Rational Choice for Crime Prevention

  • Author: Danielle M. Reynald,Benoit Leclerc
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315441187
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 118
  • View: 6122
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The rational choice perspective (RCP) is currently the core theoretical approach underpinning situational crime prevention (SCP). To date, many crimes have been studied through the lens of RCP, which increased our understanding of these phenomena, how they are committed and how they could potentially be prevented through SCP. This book, designed with the hope of moving RCP forward for SCP purposes, takes a challenging but novel step in providing leading experts from different disciplines with the opportunity to express themselves on how we could best achieve this task. This book explores various perspectives, which include the development of frameworks based on the role of situations in crime or forensic sciences for improving crime prevention practices. The need to consider affective states and other offender-related factors to improve our understanding of offender decision-making models is highlighted as a means to better predict which SCP mechanisms may be most useful in discouraging particular types of offenders. Finally, it is also argued that the use of RCP should be more pragmatic and that this perspective should be preserved and adapted based on what we find in our experiments. Taken together, these theoretically distinctive and challenging contributions ultimately guide how crime prevention practices could be best approached in the future.

The Development of Criminological Thought

The Development of Criminological Thought

Context, Theory and Policy

  • Author: Chad Posick
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317278615
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 234
  • View: 703
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This book focuses on the history and development of criminological thought from the pre-Enlightenment period to the present and offers a detailed and chronological overview of competing theoretical perspectives in criminology in their social and political context. This book covers: A discussion of how major theorists came to espouse their ideas and how the social context of the time influenced the development criminological thought; An exploration of the scientific method and the way in which theories are tested; Details of the origins of each theory as well as their recent developments in scholarship and research; Comparative and international research in theory; The empirical support for theory and the relationship between research and policy; Biosocial and developmental criminology, including the biosocial underpinnings of criminal behavior and the influence of neuroscience and brain psychology; Theoretical applications for explaining different crime types, such as genocide, white-collar crime, and environmental crime; A summary of the current state of criminological knowledge and a vision for the future of criminology. The book includes lists of further reading and chapter summaries, and is supported by timelines of key works and events. This book is essential reading for courses on criminological theory, criminal behaviour, criminal psychology and biosocial criminology.

Criminology

Criminology

Past, Present, and Future : a Critical Overview

  • Author: Ezzat A. Fattah
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 343
  • View: 7066
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Fattah (criminology, Simon Fraser U., Canada), draws on 30 years of research and teaching in criminology in North America, Europe, and Australia to present a critical overview of the field, challenges some conventional views and theories, and tracing the discipline's historical evolution, current problems, disappointing achievements, and promising trends. Useful as a text for introductory courses and for a general readership. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Fundamentals of Criminology

Fundamentals of Criminology

New Dimensions

  • Author: Kelly Frailing,Dee Wood Harper
  • Publisher: Carolina Academic Press
  • ISBN: 1611635063
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 512
  • View: 2452
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Fundamentals of Criminology: New Dimensions delivers a comprehensive and comprehensible introduction to the discipline of criminology. As the title implies, it covers the fundamentals of criminology, including the major theories of crime causation, classic and current empirical tests of those theories, the strengths and weaknesses and the policy implications of each. It also describes the types of crime and provides current rates, trends over time and theoretical explanations for each, as well as a discussion of characteristics of offenders and victims. What sets this book apart from the many other fine criminology textbooks out there is its inclusion of some new dimensions of criminology. The new dimensions in this book include but are not limited to research designs in criminology, new theories of crime causation, crime in different contexts, connections between criminology and criminal justice policy and a number of lingering issues for both disciplines. In combination with the fundamentals, these new dimensions are designed to provide readers with the richest, most complete understanding of what crime is, how much of it there is, what causes it and what do to about it, as well as the ability and desire to pose important questions for the future of both criminology and criminal justice. “The authors have produced a comprehensive, readable, and thoroughly interesting text covering the topic of sociological criminology. Yes, there are a plethora of texts in this area, but Harper and Frailing’s addition to the field has a number of features moving it ahead of the competition. There is in-depth coverage of emerging areas in crime, including cybercrime and human trafficking, as well as an excellent section on how disasters augment the opportunities for crime by hindering capable guardianship. The authors’ arguments for evidence-based crime prevention strategies and public policies are compelling. Fundamentals of Criminology is worthy of the closest consideration by instructors teaching undergraduate criminology courses.” — Jay Corzine, professor of sociology, University of Central Florida

The Future of Crime and Punishment

The Future of Crime and Punishment

Smart Policies for Reducing Crime and Saving Money

  • Author: William R. Kelly
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1442264829
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 266
  • View: 3379
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With recidivism rates north of 70% and tens of billions of dollars wasted annually on policies that assume we can punish the crime out of criminal offenders, America’s fixation with “tough on crime” has been an utter failure. William R. Kelly lays out a roadmap for how to effectively reduce recidivism, crime, victimization and cost.

Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency

Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency

  • Author: Terence Thornberry
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351522396
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 359
  • View: 6685
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In Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency, Terence P. Thornberry and his contributors show that criminal behavior is not a static human attribute, but ebbs and flows over the life course of the individual. Criminal behavior tends to follow a distinct psychological pattern. It is relatively uncommon during childhood, is initiated by most offenders during adolescence, flourishes during late adolescence and early childhood, and usually diminishes or disappears by the mid-twenties. This pattern is not characteristic of all people--some never commit crimes and others become career criminals--but it is a general description of the developmental pattern of criminal offenders. This pattern has profound implications for theories of crime and delinquency. Not only does it explain initiation into, maintenance of, and desistance from involvement in crime, it offers insight into why crime flourishes during adolescence. Traditional theories of crime and delinquency have often failed to distinguish among different phases of criminal careers. They tend to ignore developmental changes that occur across a person's life course, changes that coincide with and can explain the causes and patterns of criminal behavior. This paperback edition of the seventh volume of the distinguished series Advances in Criminological Theory moves us from static identifications of the criminal by presenting a broad range of developmental explanations of crime. Each contributor articulates a developmental or life course perspective in explaining how people become involved in delinquency and crime. Each covers a wide range of theoretical territory and reveals how a developmental perspective enhances the explanatory power of traditional theories of crime and delinquency. This volume is an invaluable tool for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to teach how crime and violence can be understood in our culture.

Criminology and the Anthropocene

Criminology and the Anthropocene

  • Author: Cameron Holley,Clifford Shearing
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134889232
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 8942
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The Anthropocene signals a new age in Earth’s history, a human age, where we are revealed as a powerful force shaping planetary systems. What might criminology be in the Anthropocene? What does the Anthropocene suggest for future theory and practice of criminology? This book seeks to contribute to this research agenda by examining, contrasting and interrogating different vantage points, aspects and thinking within criminology. Bringing together a range of multidisciplinary chapters at the cutting edge of thinking and environmental rethinking in criminology, this book explores a mix of key intractable problems of the Anthropocene, including climate change and overexploitation of natural resources that cause environmental insecurities; crime and corruption; related human insecurity and fortressed spaces; and the rise of new risks and social harms. Of interest to scholars in the fields of criminology, sociology and environmental studies, this book provides readers with a basis for analysing the challenges of, and possible approaches to, the Anthropocene at all levels (local, national, regional and international) and discusses the future(s) of criminology for improving social policies and practices.

Taking Stock

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory

  • Author: Francis T. Cullen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351487027
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 468
  • View: 5655
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Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. Th e very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competin paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Th eir challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development.

Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

2nd edition

  • Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317221826
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 510
  • View: 328
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The main objective of the second edition of the Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is twofold: (1) to provide original chapters that cover contemporary critical criminological theoretical offerings generated over the past five years and (2) to provide chapters on important new substantive topics that are currently being studied and theorized by progressive criminologists. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as southern criminology, queer criminology, and green criminology. The diverse chapters cover not only cutting-edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, which generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The new edition of the Handbook is a major work in redefining areas within the context of international multidisciplinary critical research, and in highlighting emerging areas, such as human trafficking, Internet pornography and image-based sexual abuse. It is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers and policymakers.

Crime and Human Rights

Crime and Human Rights

Criminology of Genocide and Atrocities

  • Author: Joachim Savelsberg
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446248321
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 9791
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Crimes against humanity are amongst the most shocking violations imaginable. Savelsberg's text provides a much-needed criminological insight to the topic, exploring explanations of and responses to human rights abuses. Linking human rights scholarship with criminological theory, the book is divided into three parts: Part 1: Examines the legal and historical approach to the topic within a criminological framework Part 2: Unpicks the aetiology of human rights offending with real and detailed case studies Part 3: Explores institutional responses to crimes and uses criminological theory to offer solutions. Seminal yet concise, Crime and Human Rights is written for advanced students, postgraduates and scholars of crime, crime control and human rights. With its fresh and original approach to a complex topic, the book's appeal will span across disciplines from politics and sociology to development studies, law, and philosophy. Compact Criminology is an exciting series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology. Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice – offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics. They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach. Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist. Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching, learning and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series addresses fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.

Criminological Theories

Criminological Theories

  • Author: James F. Anderson,Professor Department of Surgery Center for Healthcare Studies Institute for Public Health and Medicine Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University Chicago Illinois Julie K Johnson,Helen Haskell,Paul Barach
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • ISBN: 1449681883
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 300
  • View: 4244
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Designed for undergraduate criminology and criminological theory courses, Criminological Theories: Understanding Crime in America, Second Edition explores crime, crime theory, and various forms of criminal behavior within the United States. It focuses exclusively on theory, avoiding superfluous discussion of the criminal justice system. Students will come away from the text with plausible explanations of crime causation, a greater appreciation of criminological theory, and the ability to think critically about the social reality of crime. Current and highly relevant, the text includes coverage of new developments in the field of criminology, including cultural, integrative, life-course, and green criminological theories.

Criminology

Criminology

Connecting Theory, Research and Practice

  • Author: Aida Y. Hass,Chris Moloney,William J. Chambliss
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317497473
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 728
  • View: 8935
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Connections among theory, research, and practice are the heart and soul of criminology. This book offers a comprehensive and balanced introduction to criminology, demonstrating the value of understanding the relationships between criminological theory, research, and practice in the study of crime and criminal behavior. Utilising a range of case studies and thought-provoking features, it encourages students to think critically and provides a foundation for understanding criminology as a systematic, theoretically grounded science. It includes: A comprehensive overview of crime in American society, including the nature and meaning of crime and American criminal law as well as the scientific study of crime, A concise, straightforward, and practical approach to the study of the American criminal justice system and its various components, including individual chapters on police, courts, and corrections, An overview of criminological theory, including classical, biological, psychological and sociological approaches, A survey of typologies of criminological behavior including interpersonal violent crimes, property crime, public order crime, organized and white collar crime, state crime, environmental harm and cybercrime, Concluding thoughts exploring challenges facing criminal justice policy and the future of criminological theory. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and includes brand new chapters on corrections, courts, criminal law, law enforcement, and technology and cybercrime. It is packed with useful and instructive features such as themed boxed case studies in every chapter, critical thinking questions, lists of further reading, and links to e-resources. A companion website includes PowerPoint slides for lecturers, links to useful resources, and lists of further reading.

Pre-crime

Pre-crime

Pre-emption, precaution and the future

  • Author: Jude McCulloch,Dean Wilson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131767023X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 154
  • View: 604
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Pre-crime aims to pre-empt ‘would-be-criminals’ and predict future crime. Although the term is borrowed from science ?ction, the drive to predict and pre-empt crime is a present-day reality. This book critically explores this major twenty-first century development in crime and justice. This first in-depth study of pre-crime defines and describes different types of pre-crime and compares it to traditional post-crime and crime risk approaches. It analyses the rationales that underpin pre-crime as a response to threats, particularly terrorism, and shows how it is spreading to other areas. It also underlines the historical continuities that prefigure the emergence of pre-crime, as well as exploring the new technologies and forms of surveillance that claim the ability to predict crime and identify future criminals. Through the use of examples and case studies it provides insights into how pre-crime generates the crimes it purports to counter, providing compelling evidence of the problems that arise when we act as if we know the future and aim to control it through punishing, disrupting or incapacitating those we predict might commit future crimes. Drawing on literature from criminology, law, international relations, security and globalization studies, this book sets out a coherent framework for the continued study of pre-crime and addresses key issues such as terminology, its links to past practises, its likely future trajectories and its impact on security, crime and justice. It is essential reading for academics and students in security studies, criminology, counter-terrorism, surveillance, policing and law, as well as practitioners and professionals in these fields.

Punishment in the Community

Punishment in the Community

The Future of Criminal Justice

  • Author: Anne Worrall
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317886755
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 5456
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Punishment in the Community: The Future of Criminal Justice challenges the widely held assumption that punishment through imprisonment is central to the criminal justice system. Contemporary political debate assumes that penality is synonymous with prison. However, in reality, the vast majority of people admitting to, or convicted of criminal offences are dealt with using non-custodial penal measures.