Search Results for "the-history-of-the-catholic-church-in-latin-america"

The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America

The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America

From Conquest to Revolution and Beyond

  • Author: John Frederick Schwaller
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 9780814783603
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 328
  • View: 1902
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One cannot understand Latin America without understanding the history of the Catholic Church in the region. Catholicism has been predominant in Latin America and it has played a definitive role in its development. It helped to spur the conquest of the New World with its emphasis on missions to the indigenous peoples, controlled many aspects of the colonial economy, and played key roles in the struggles for Independence. The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America offers a concise yet far-reaching synthesis of this institution’s role from the earliest contact between the Spanish and native tribes until the modern day, the first such historical overview available in English. John Frederick Schwaller looks broadly at the forces which formed the Church in Latin America and which caused it to develop in the unique manner in which it did. While the Church is often characterized as monolithic, the author carefully showcases its constituent parts—often in tension with one another—as well as its economic function and its role in the political conflicts within the Latin America republics. Organized in a chronological manner, the volume traces the changing dynamics within the Church as it moved from the period of the Reformation up through twentieth century arguments over Liberation Theology, offering a solid framework to approaching the massive literature on the Catholic Church in Latin America. Through his accessible prose, Schwaller offers a set of guideposts to lead the reader through this complex and fascinating history.

The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America

The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America

From Conquest to Revolution and Beyond

  • Author: John Frederick Schwaller
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814740030
  • Category: History
  • Page: 319
  • View: 7954
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John Frederick Schwaller looks broadly at the forces that formed the Church in Latin America and caused it to develop in the unique manner in which it did. While the Church is often characterized as monolithic, the author carefully showcases its constituent parts-often in tension with one another-as well as its economic function and its role in the political conflicts within the Latin Americ republics. --

New Worlds

New Worlds

A Religious History of Latin America

  • Author: John Lynch
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300183747
  • Category: RELIGION
  • Page: 384
  • View: 1430
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This extraordinary book encompasses the time period from the first Christian evangelists' arrival in Latin America to the dictators of the late twentieth century. With unsurpassed knowledge of Latin American history, John Lynch sets out to explore the reception of Christianity by native peoples and how it influenced their social and religious lives as the centuries passed. As attentive to modern times as to the colonial period, Lynch also explores the extent to which Indian religion and ancestral ways survived within the new Christian culture. The book follows the development of religious culture over time by focusing on peak periods of change: the response of religion to the Enlightenment, the emergence of the Church from the wars of independence, the Romanization of Latin American religion as the papacy overtook the Spanish crown in effective control of the Church, the growing challenge of liberalism and the secular state, and in the twentieth century, military dictators' assaults on human rights. Throughout the narrative, Lynch develops a number of special themes and topics. Among these are the Spanish struggle for justice for Indians, the Church's position on slavery, the concept of popular religion as distinct from official religion, and the development of liberation theology.

A History of the Church in Latin America

A History of the Church in Latin America

  • Author: Enrique Dussel
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780802821317
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 388
  • View: 3213
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This comprehensive history of the church in Latin America, with its emphasis on theology, will help historians and theologians to better understand the formation and continuity of the Latin American tradition.

The Church in Colonial Latin America

The Church in Colonial Latin America

  • Author: John Frederick Schwaller
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780842027045
  • Category: History
  • Page: 252
  • View: 7522
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The Catholic Church played a significant role in social action in colonial Latin America: a time when the Church was the most important institution next to the royal government. This collection of classic articles and modern research looks at the Church's active social and political influence.

The Rebirth of Latin American Christianity

The Rebirth of Latin American Christianity

  • Author: Todd Hartch
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199843139
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6839
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Predominantly Catholic for centuries, Latin America is still largely Catholic today, but the religious continuity in the region masks great changes that have taken place in the past five decades. In fact, it would be fair to say that Latin American Christianity has been transformed definitively in the years since the Second Vatican Council. Religious change has not been obvious because its transformation has not been the sudden and massive growth of a new religion, as in Africa and Asia. It has been rather a simultaneous revitalization and fragmentation that threatened, awakened, and ultimately brought to a greater maturity a dormant and parochial Christianity. New challenges from modernity, especially in the form of Protestantism and Marxism, ultimately brought forth new life. In The Rebirth of Latin American Christianity, Todd Hartch examines the changes that have swept across Latin America in the last fifty years, and situates them in the context of the growth of Christianity in the global South.

Christianity in Latin America

Christianity in Latin America

Revised and Expanded Edition

  • Author: Hans-Jürgen Prien
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004222626
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 704
  • View: 9099
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Christianity in Latin America provides a complete overview of over 500 years of the history of Christianity in the ‘New World’. The inclusion of German research in this book is an important asset to the Anglo-American research area, in disclosing information that was hitherto not available in English. This work will present the reader with a very good survey into the history of Christianity on the South American continent, based on a tremendous breadth of literature.

Rendering Unto Caesar

Rendering Unto Caesar

The Catholic Church and the State in Latin America

  • Author: Anthony Gill
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226293837
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 269
  • View: 8707
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Nowhere has the relationship between state and church been more volatile in recent decades than in Latin America. Anthony Gill's controversial book not only explains why Catholic leaders in some countries came to oppose dictatorial rule but, equally important, why many did not. Using historical and statistical evidence from twelve countries, Gill for the first time uncovers the causal connection between religious competition and the rise of progressive Catholicism. In places where evangelical Protestantism and "spiritist" sects made inroads among poor Catholics, Church leaders championed the rights of the poor and turned against authoritarian regimes to retain parishioners. Where competition was minimal, bishops maintained good relations with military rulers. Applying economic reasoning to an entirely new setting, Rendering unto Caesar offers a new theory of religious competition that dramatically revises our understanding of church-state relations.

The Catholic Church and Power Politics in Latin America

The Catholic Church and Power Politics in Latin America

The Dominican Case in Comparative Perspective

  • Author: Emelio Betances
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742555051
  • Category: History
  • Page: 275
  • View: 6530
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The Catholic Church acted as a mediator during social and political change in several Latin American countries from the 1960s through the 1990s: the Dominican Republic, Bolivia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador. Although the Catholic clergy was called to mediate in political crises in all five countries, in the Dominican Republic the Church's role as mediator was eventually institutionalized. A historical examination of church-state relations and case study of the Dominican Republic leads into important regional comparisons that broaden our understanding of the Catholic Church in the whole of Latin America.

Religion in Latin America

Religion in Latin America

A Documentary History

  • Author: Lee M. Penyak ,Walter J. Petry
  • Publisher: Orbis Books
  • ISBN: 1608334368
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1257
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New face of the Church in Latin America

New face of the Church in Latin America

between tradition and change

  • Author: Guillermo Cook
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780883449370
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 289
  • View: 8044
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This timely anthology surveys Latin American developments through the eyes of Christians of all major churches and every socio-historical perspective. Their writings offer the basis for ecumenical understanding and cooperation, even though these churches seem at one level engaged in divisive combat throughout Latin America. New Face of the Church in Latin America offers thoughtful and nuanced evaluations of churches there in current conditions of economic and social malaise. It provides important information and perspective, especially when the story - in the U.S. in particular - is often reduced to such sensational and simplistic queries as, "Is Latin America turning Protestant?" or, "Why is the Catholic Church 'losing' Latin America?" The contributors to New Face of the Church in Latin America provide firsthand accounts and insider perspectives on such issues as Protestant evangelism and base communities, Catholic renewal efforts, Native American inculturation, and new developments in liberation theology. Rather than add to enflamed rhetoric, these noted authors - Catholic and Protestant, women and men - show that there remains ample ground for richer, more finely-textured understanding and collaboration between supposed adversaries in lands where religious faith is a vital component of life and history.

A World History of Christianity

A World History of Christianity

  • Author: Adrian Hastings
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780802848758
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 608
  • View: 4022
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This superb volume provides the first genuinely global one-volume history of the rise and development of the Christian faith. An international team of specialists takes seriously the geographical diversity of the Christian story, discussing the impact of Christianity not only in the West but also in Latin America, Africa, India, the Orient and Australasia.

A History of Christianity in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, 1450-1990

A History of Christianity in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, 1450-1990

A Documentary Sourcebook

  • Author: Klaus Koschorke,Frieder Ludwig,Mariano Delgado,Roland Spliesgart
  • Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • ISBN: 0802828892
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 426
  • View: 9063
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The map of world Christianity has changed dramatically, with a large number of Christians living in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. This text is a comparative documentary history of Christianity for these regions covering the period 1450-1990.

Latin American Religions

Latin American Religions

Histories and Documents in Context

  • Author: Anna L. Peterson,Manuel A. Vasquez
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814767311
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 324
  • View: 1107
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Before Columbus, the Americas were populated by many indigenous cultures, with a great diversity of religions. After 1492, European governments and churches dominated religious life. While Roman Catholicism was the official religion, great religious hybridization occurred, mixing European, indigenous, and often African traditions into distinctly New World forms. Latin American Religions provides an introduction through documents to the historical development and contemporary expressions of religious life in South and Central America, Mexico, and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean. A central feature of this text is its inclusion of both primary and secondary materials, including letters, sermons, journal entries, ritual manuals, and ancient sacred texts. These documents provide readers with direct access to the voices of adherents, enabling them to act as academic investigators, experiencing and interpreting the same texts on which historians draw. The documents are framed by substantive introductions which provide both historical context and theoretical insights for the study of these religions traditions and the ways in which they have developed over time. From the religious traditions of the Mayas and Aztecs and of the African diaspora, to official and popular Catholicism, to liberation theology, the rise of Pentecostalism, and emerging trends and new religious movements in Latin America, this new work offers a concise overview of this fascinating field.

Christianity in Latin America

Christianity in Latin America

A History

  • Author: Justo L. González,Ondina E. González
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139467875
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4562
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From the arrival of the conquistadores in the fifteenth century to the spread of the Pentecostal movement today, Christianity has moulded, coerced, refashioned, and enriched Latin America. Likewise, Christianity has been changed, criticized, and renewed as it crossed the Atlantic. These changes now affect its practice and understanding, not only in South and Central America and the Caribbean, but also - through immigration and global communication - around the world. Focusing on this mutually constitutive relationship, Christianity in Latin America presents the important encounters between people, ideas, and events of this large, heterogeneous subject. In doing so, it takes readers on a fascinating journey of explorers, missionaries, farmers, mystics, charlatans, evangelists, dictators, and martyrs. This book offers an accessible and engaging review of the history of Christianity in Latin America with a widely ecumenical focus to foster understanding of the various forces shaping both Christianity and the region.

Religious Culture in Modern Mexico

Religious Culture in Modern Mexico

  • Author: Martin Austin Nesvig
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • ISBN: 1461643023
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 292
  • View: 8156
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This nuanced book considers the role of religion and religiosity in modern Mexico, breaking new ground with an emphasis on popular religion and its relationship to politics. The contributors highlight the multifaceted role of religion, illuminating the ways that religion and religious devotion have persisted and changed since Mexican independence. Focusing on individual stories and vignettes and on local elements of religion, the contributors show that despite efforts to secularize society, religion continues to be a strong component of Mexican culture. Portraying the complexity of religiosity in Mexico in the context of an increasingly secular state, this book will be invaluable for all those interested in Latin American history and religion.

A History of Catholic Moral Theology in the Twentieth Century

A History of Catholic Moral Theology in the Twentieth Century

From Confessing Sins to Liberating Consciences

  • Author: James F. Keenan
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1441189483
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7366
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This is an historical survey of 20th Century Roman Catholic Theological Ethics (also known as moral theology). The thesis is that only through historical investigation can we really understand how the most conservative and negative field in Catholic theology at the beginning of the 20th could become by the end of the 20th century the most innovative one. The 20th century begins with moral manuals being translated into the vernacular. After examining the manuals of Thomas Slater and Henry Davis, Keenan then turns to three works and a crowning synthesis of innovation all developed before, during and soon after the Second World War. The first by Odon Lottin asks whether moral theology is adequately historical; Fritz Tillmann asks whether it's adequately biblical; and Gerard Gilleman, whether it's adequately spiritual. Bernard Haering integrates these contributions into his Law of Christ. Of course, people like Gerald Kelly and John Ford in the US are like a few moralists elsewhere, classical gate keepers, censoring innovation. But with Humanae vitae, and successive encyclicals, bishops and popes reject the direction of moral theologians. At the same time, moral theologians, like Josef Fuchs, ask whether the locus of moral truth is in continuous, universal teachings of the magisterium or in the moral judgment of the informed conscience. In their move toward a deeper appreciation of their field as forming consciences, they turn more deeply to local experience where they continue their work of innovation. Each continent subsequently gives rise to their own respondents: In Europe they speak of autonomy and personalism; in Latin America, liberation theology; in North America, Feminism and Black Catholic theology; and, in Asia and Africa a deep post-colonial interculturatism. At the end I assert that in its nature, theological ethics is historical and innovative, seeking moral truth for the conscience by looking to speak crossculturally.

Catholicism and American Freedom

Catholicism and American Freedom

A History

  • Author: John T. McGreevy
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393047608
  • Category: History
  • Page: 431
  • View: 7880
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Explores the history of the Catholic Church in the political and intellectual development of the United States, discussing its impact on policies regarding slavery, public education, contraception, and the economy.

Holy Bones, Holy Dust

Holy Bones, Holy Dust

How Relics Shaped the History of Medieval Europe

  • Author: Charles Freeman
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300166591
  • Category: History
  • Page: 306
  • View: 5569
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Alone Before God

Alone Before God

The Religious Origins of Modernity in Mexico

  • Author: Pamela Voekel
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822384299
  • Category: History
  • Page: 344
  • View: 3052
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Focusing on cemetery burials in late-eighteenth-century Mexico, Alone Before God provides a window onto the contested origins of modernity in Mexico. By investigating the religious and political debates surrounding the initiative to transfer the burials of prominent citizens from urban to suburban cemeteries, Pamela Voekel challenges the characterization of Catholicism in Mexico as an intractable and monolithic institution that had to be forcibly dragged into the modern world. Drawing on the archival research of wills, public documents, and other texts from late-colonial and early-republican Mexico, Voekel describes the marked scaling-down of the pomp and display that had characterized baroque Catholic burials and the various devices through which citizens sought to safeguard their souls in the afterlife. In lieu of these baroque practices, the new enlightened Catholics, claims Voekel, expressed a spiritually and hygienically motivated preference for extremely simple burial ceremonies, for burial outside the confines of the church building, and for leaving their earthly goods to charity. Claiming that these changes mirrored a larger shift from an external, corporate Catholicism to a more interior piety, she demonstrates how this new form of Catholicism helped to initiate a cultural and epistemic shift that placed the individual at the center of knowledge. Breaking with the traditional historiography to argue that Mexican liberalism had deeply religious roots, Alone Before God will be of interest to specialists in Latin American history, modernity, and religion.