Search Results for "the-jim-crow-laws-and-racism-in-united-states-history"

The Jim Crow Laws and Racism in American History

The Jim Crow Laws and Racism in American History

  • Author: David K. Fremon
  • Publisher: Enslow Pub Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9780766012974
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 128
  • View: 2672
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Traces the struggles of African Americans from the end of slavery through the period of Jim Crow segregation in the South, to the civil rights movement and legal equality.

The Jim Crow Laws and Racism in United States History

The Jim Crow Laws and Racism in United States History

  • Author: David K. Fremon
  • Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC
  • ISBN: 0766060969
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 96
  • View: 8744
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This book shows how segregation made the South a caste system, tracing the history of racial discrimination from the end of the Civil War through the Jim Crow era of segregation.

The New Jim Crow

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

  • Author: Michelle Alexander
  • Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
  • ISBN: 3956141598
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 7994
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow Laws

  • Author: Leslie Vincent Tischauser
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 0313386080
  • Category: History
  • Page: 215
  • View: 9719
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Presents the history of the South divided under a series of discriminatory Jim Crow laws passed from 1877 to 1965, addressing the origins of legal inequality, the white justification for segregation, and the passage of the Civil Rights Act.

Onkel Tom's Hütte

Onkel Tom's Hütte

  • Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: American fiction
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5003
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Jim Crow America

Jim Crow America

A Documentary History

  • Author: Catherine M. Lewis,J. Richard Lewis
  • Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
  • ISBN: 9781610752138
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 271
  • View: 6204
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The term “Jim Crow” has had multiple meanings and a dark and complex past. It was first used in the early nineteenth century. After the Civil War it referred to the legal, customary, and often extralegal system that segregated and isolated African Americans from mainstream American life. In response to the increasing loss of their rights of citizenship and the rising tide of violence, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded in 1909. The federal government eventually took an active role in dismantling Jim Crow toward the end of the Depression. But it wasn’t until the Lyndon Johnson years and all the work that led up to them that the end of Jim Crow finally came to pass. This unique book provides readers with a wealth of primary source materials from 1828 to 1980 that reveal how the Jim Crow era affects how historians practice their craft. The book is chronologically organized into five sections, each of which focuses on a different historical period in the story of Jim Crow: inventing, building, living, resisting, and dismantling. Many of the fifty-six documents and eighteen images and cartoons, many of which have not been published before, reveal something significant about this subject or offer an unconventional or unexpected perspective on this era. Some of the historical figures whose words are included are Abraham Lincoln, Marcus Garvey, Booker T. Washington, Richard Wright, Paul Robeson, Langston Hughes, Adam Clayton Powell, and Marian Anderson. The book also has an annotated bibliography, a list of key players, a timeline, and key topics for consideration.

The Jim Crow Encyclopedia

The Jim Crow Encyclopedia

Greenwood Milestones in African American History

  • Author: Nikki L. M. Brown,Barry M. Stentiford
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313341816
  • Category: History
  • Page: 952
  • View: 2789
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Jim Crow refers to a set of laws in many states, predominantly in the South, after the end of Reconstruction in 1877 that severely restricted the rights and privileges of African Americans. As a caste system of enormous social and economic magnitude, the institutionalization of Jim Crow was the most significant element in African American life until the 1960s Civil Rights Movement led to its dismantling. Racial segregation, as well as responses to it and resistance against it, dominated the African American consciousness and continued to oppress African Americans and other minorities, while engendering some of the most important African American contributions to society. This major encyclopedia is the first devoted to the Jim Crow era. The era is encapsulated through more than 275 essay entries on such areas as law, media, business, politics, employment, religion, education, people, events, culture, the arts, protest, the military, class, housing, sports, and violence as well as through accompanying key primary documents excerpted as side bars. This set will serve as an invaluable, definitive resource for student research and general knowledge. The authoritative entries are written by a host of historians with expertise in the Jim Crow era. The quality content comes in an easy-to-access format. Readers can quickly find topics of interest, with alphabetical and topical lists of entries in the frontmatter, along with cross-references to related entries per entry. Further reading is provided per entry. Dynamic sidebars throughout give added insight into the topics. A chronology, selected bibliography, and photos round out the coverage. Sample entries include Advertising, Affirmative Action, Armed Forces, Black Cabinet, Blues, Brooklyn Dodgers, Bolling v. Sharpe, Confederate Flag, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Detroit Race Riot 1943, Ralph Ellison, "Eyes on the Prize," G.I. Bill, Healthcare, Homosexuality, Intelligence Testing, Japanese Internment, Liberia, Minstrelsy, Nadir of the Negro, Poll Taxes, Rhythm and Blues, Rural Segregation, Sharecropping, Sundown Towns, Booker T. Washington, Works Project Administration, World War II.

Houston Bound

Houston Bound

Culture and Color in a Jim Crow City

  • Author: Tyina Steptoe
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520282574
  • Category: History
  • Page: 344
  • View: 9498
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"From World War I through the 1960s, Houston was transformed into one of the most ethnically and racially diverse urban areas in the United States. Houston Bound draws on social and cultural history to show how, despite Anglo attempts to fix racial categories through Jim Crow laws, converging migrations--particularly those of Mexicans and Creoles--complicated ideas of blackness and whiteness and introduced different understandings about race. This migration history also traces the emergence of Houston's blues and jazz scenes in the 1920s as well as the hybrid forms of these genres--like zydeco and Tejano soul--that arose when migrants forged shared social space. Houston's location on the Gulf Coast, poised between the American South and the West, provides for a particularly rich examination of how the histories of colonization, slavery, and segregation produced divergent ways of thinking about race"--Provided by publisher.

The Civil War to the Jim Crow Laws

The Civil War to the Jim Crow Laws

American Black History

  • Author: Walter Hazen
  • Publisher: Milliken Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 078772730X
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 19
  • View: 2336
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This richly illustrated packet vividly details African Americans' quest for freedom and civil rights in America. Students will learn about the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation and the ammendments that followed it, "black code" legislation, Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan, and much more. Lively portraits of key cultural and political figures make clear the enormous contributions of blacks in America. Tests, answer key, and bibliography are included.

The Strange Career of Jim Crow

The Strange Career of Jim Crow

  • Author: Comer Vann Woodward
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780195146905
  • Category: History
  • Page: 245
  • View: 5490
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Strange Career offers a clear and illuminating analysis of the history of Jim Crow laws and American race relations. This book presented evidence that segregation in the South dated only to the 1880s. It's publication in 1955, a year after the Supreme Court ordered schools be desegregated,helped counter arguments that the ruling would destoy a centuries-old way of life. The commemorative edition includes a special afterword by William S. McFeely, former Woodward student and winner of both the 1982 Pulitzer Prize and 1992 Lincoln Prize. As William McFeely describes in the newafterword, 'the slim volume's social consequence far outstripped its importance to academia. The book became part of a revolution...The Civil Rights Movement had changed Woodward's South and his slim, quietly insistent book...had contributed to that change.'

The Rise of the Jim Crow Era

The Rise of the Jim Crow Era

  • Author: Maria Hussey
  • Publisher: Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • ISBN: 1680480448
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 80
  • View: 6082
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Starting in the 1870s, Jim Crow laws began to appear across the South. Their aim was to enforce racial segregation, consolidating power in the hands of whites. This book examines the impact of these laws and other challenges that African Americans faced between the Reconstruction period and World War I. Topics discussed include the rise of groups promoting white supremacy, laws designed to quash African-American voting, Plessey v. Ferguson, the success of Booker T. Washington and the Tuskegee Institute, racially motivated riots, and the formation of the NAACP.

Religion and the Rise of Jim Crow in New Orleans

Religion and the Rise of Jim Crow in New Orleans

  • Author: James B. Bennett
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400880173
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 320
  • View: 8653
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Religion and the Rise of Jim Crow in New Orleans examines a difficult chapter in American religious history: the story of race prejudice in American Christianity. Focusing on the largest city in the late-nineteenth-century South, it explores the relationship between churches--black and white, Protestant and Catholic--and the emergence of the Jim Crow laws, statutes that created a racial caste system in the American South. The book fills a gap in the scholarship on religion and race in the crucial decades between the end of Reconstruction and the eve of the Civil Rights movement. Drawing on a range of local and personal accounts from the post-Reconstruction period, newspapers, and church records, Bennett's analysis challenges the assumption that churches fell into fixed patterns of segregation without a fight. In sacred no less than secular spheres, establishing Jim Crow constituted a long, slow, and complicated journey that extended well into the twentieth century. Churches remained a source of hope and a means of resistance against segregation, rather than a retreat from racial oppression. Especially in the decade after Reconstruction, churches offered the possibility of creating a common identity that privileged religious over racial status, a pattern that black church members hoped would transfer to a national American identity transcending racial differences. Religion thus becomes a lens to reconsider patterns for racial interaction throughout Southern society. By tracing the contours of that hopeful yet ultimately tragic journey, this book reveals the complex and mutually influential relationship between church and society in the American South, placing churches at the center of the nation's racial struggles.

A Dream Deferred

A Dream Deferred

The Jim Crow Era

  • Author: Anne Wallace Sharp
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781590187005
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 112
  • View: 8688
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Discusses the racism that ran rampant in the United States after the Civil War, the Jim Crow laws that were instituted in the South as a reaction to this racism, and the fight against these laws and to end discrimination.

Ghosts of Jim Crow

Ghosts of Jim Crow

Ending Racism in Post-Racial America

  • Author: F. Michael Higginbotham
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 1479845019
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 6178
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When America inaugurated its first African American president, in 2009, many wondered if the country had finally become a "post-racial" society. Was this the dawning of a new era, in which America, a nation nearly severed in half by slavery, and whose racial fault lines are arguably among its most enduring traits, would at last move beyond race with the election of Barack Hussein Obama? In Ghosts of Jim Crow, F. Michael Higginbotham convincingly argues that America remains far away from that imagined utopia. Indeed, the shadows of Jim Crow era laws and attitudes continue to perpetuate insidious, systemic prejudice and racism in the 21st century. Higginbotham’s extensive research demonstrates how laws and actions have been used to maintain a racial paradigm of hierarchy and separation—both historically, in the era of lynch mobs and segregation, and today—legally, economically, educationally and socially. Using history as a roadmap, Higginbotham arrives at a provocative solution for ridding the nation of Jim Crow’s ghost, suggesting that legal and political reform can successfully create a post-racial America, but only if it inspires whites and blacks to significantly alter behaviors and attitudes of race-based superiority and victimization. He argues that America will never achieve its full potential unless it truly enters a post-racial era, and believes that time is of the essence as competition increases globally.

Race and Racism

Race and Racism

The Development of Modern Racism in America

  • Author: R. Perry
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230609198
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 263
  • View: 5362
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This study examines the origins and development of racism in North America through addressing the inception and persistence of the concept of 'race' and the biology of human variance.

Die Seelen der Schwarzen

Die Seelen der Schwarzen

  • Author: William E. B. Du Bois
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783936086072
  • Category: African Americans
  • Page: 319
  • View: 3672
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Fighting Racial Discrimination

Fighting Racial Discrimination

Treating All Americans Fairly Under the Law

  • Author: Wayne Anderson
  • Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9781404201897
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 32
  • View: 1977
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Learn about the history of discrimination and its opponents.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

  • Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 3641222915
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 8251
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Gender and Jim Crow

Gender and Jim Crow

Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920

  • Author: Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469612453
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 410
  • View: 9934
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Glenda Gilmore recovers the rich nuances of southern political history by placing black women at its center. She explores the pivotal and interconnected roles played by gender and race in North Carolina politics from the period immediately preceding the disfranchisement of black men in 1900 to the time black and white women gained the vote in 1920. Gender and Jim Crow argues that the ideology of white supremacy embodied in the Jim Crow laws of the turn of the century profoundly reordered society and that within this environment, black women crafted an enduring tradition of political activism. According to Gilmore, a generation of educated African American women emerged in the 1890s to become, in effect, diplomats to the white community after the disfranchisement of their husbands, brothers, and fathers. Using the lives of African American women to tell the larger story, Gilmore chronicles black women's political strategies, their feminism, and their efforts to forge political ties with white women. Her analysis highlights the active role played by women of both races in the political process and in the emergence of southern progressivism. In addition, Gilmore illuminates the manipulation of concepts of gender by white supremacists and shows how this rhetoric changed once women, black and white, gained the vote.

Jim Crow: A Historical Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic

Jim Crow: A Historical Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic

A Historical Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic

  • Author: Nikki L. M. Brown,Barry M. Stentiford
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1610696646
  • Category: History
  • Page: 473
  • View: 2153
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This one-volume reference work examines a broad range of topics related to the establishment, maintenance, and eventual dismantling of the discriminatory system known as Jim Crow. • Provides a one-stop source of information for students researching the period of American history dominated by the discriminatory system of Jim Crow laws • Puts phenomena such as "Sundown towns" within a larger framework of official discrimination • Documents the methods used to create, maintain, and dismantle Jim Crow