Search Results for "the-killing-compartments-the-mentality-of-mass-murder"

The Killing Compartments

The Killing Compartments

The Mentality of Mass Murder

  • Author: Abram de Swaan
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300210671
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 860
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The twentieth century was among the bloodiest in the history of humanity. Untold millions were slaughtered. How people are enrolled in the service of evil is a question that continues to bedevil. In this trenchant book, Abram de Swaan offers a taxonomy of mass violence that focuses on the rank-and-file perpetrators, examining how murderous regimes recruit them and create what De Swaan calls the "killing compartments” that make possible the worst abominations without apparent moral misgiving, without a sense of personal responsibility, and, above all, without pity. De Swaan wonders where extreme violence comes from and where it goes—seemingly without a trace—when the wild and barbaric gore is over. And what about the perpetrators themselves? Are they merely and only the product of external circumstance? Or is there something in their makeup that disposes them to become mass murderers? Drawing on a wide range of disciplines, including sociology, anthropology, political science, history, and psychology, De Swaan sheds new light on an urgent and intractable pathology that continues to poison peoples all over the world.

Extremely Violent Societies

Extremely Violent Societies

Mass Violence in the Twentieth-Century World

  • Author: Christian Gerlach
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139493515
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1222
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In this groundbreaking book Christian Gerlach traces the social roots of the extraordinary processes of human destruction involved in mass violence throughout the twentieth century. He argues that terms such as 'genocide' and 'ethnic cleansing' are too narrow to explain the diverse motives and interests that cause violence to spread in varying forms and intensities. From killings and expulsions to enforced hunger, collective rape, strategic bombing, forced labour and imprisonment he explores what happened before, during, and after periods of widespread bloodshed in countries such as Armenia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Nazi-occupied Greece and in anti-guerilla wars worldwide in order to highlight the crucial role of socio-economic pressures in the generation of group conflicts. By focussing on why so many different people participated in or supported mass violence, and why different groups were victimized, he offers us a new way of understanding one of the most disturbing phenomena of our times.

The Killing Trap

The Killing Trap

Genocide in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Manus I. Midlarsky
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139445399
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1250
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The Killing Trap, first published in 2005, offers a comparative analysis of the genocides, politicides and ethnic cleansings of the twentieth century, which are estimated to have cost upwards of forty million lives. The book seeks to understand both the occurrence and magnitude of genocide, based on the conviction that such comparative analysis may contribute towards prevention of genocide in the future. Manus Midlarsky compares socio-economic circumstances and international contexts and includes in his analysis the Jews of Europe, Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, Tutsi in Rwanda, black Africans in Darfur, Cambodians, Bosnians, and the victims of conflict in Ireland. The occurrence of genocide is explained by means of a framework that gives equal emphasis to the non-occurrence of genocide, a critical element not found in other comparisons, and victims are given a prominence equal to that of perpetrators in understanding the magnitude of genocide.

Hitler's Ostkrieg and the Indian Wars

Hitler's Ostkrieg and the Indian Wars

Comparing Genocide and Conquest

  • Author: Edward B. Westermann
  • Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
  • ISBN: 0806157135
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 8285
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As he prepared to wage his war of annihilation on the Eastern Front, Adolf Hitler repeatedly drew parallels between the Nazi quest for Lebensraum, or living space, in Eastern Europe and the United States’s westward expansion under the banner of Manifest Destiny. The peoples of Eastern Europe were, he said, his “redskins,” and for his colonial fantasy of a “German East” he claimed a historical precedent in the United States’s displacement and killing of the native population. Edward B. Westermann examines the validity, and value, of this claim in Hitler's Ostkrieg and the Indian Wars. The book takes an empirical approach that highlights areas of similarity and continuity, but also explores key distinctions and differences between these two national projects. The westward march of American empire and the Nazi conquest of the East offer clear parallels, not least that both cases fused a sense of national purpose with racial stereotypes that aided in the exclusion, expropriation, and killing of peoples. Westermann evaluates the philosophies of Manifest Destiny and Lebensraum that justified both conquests, the national and administrative policies that framed Nazi and U.S. governmental involvement in these efforts, the military strategies that supported each nation’s political goals, and the role of massacre and atrocity in both processes. Important differences emerge: a goal of annihilation versus one of assimilation and acculturation; a planned military campaign versus a confused strategy of pacification and punishment; large-scale atrocity as routine versus massacre as exception. Comparative history at its best, Westermann’s assessment of these two national projects provides crucial insights into not only their rhetoric and pronouncements but also the application of policy and ideology “on the ground.” His sophisticated and nuanced revelations of the similarities and dissimilarities between these two cases will inform further study of genocide, as well as our understanding of the Nazi conquest of the East and the American conquest of the West.

Human Societies

Human Societies

An Introduction

  • Author: Abram De Swaan
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745666140
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 431
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This book is a brief introduction to the study of society, which may be read without any previous knowledge of the social sciences. Each chapter addresses a fundamental question about people in their various arrangements. The book begins by asking: what do people need from one another; what do they need to survive and how do these needs make them dependent upon others? Subsequent chapters deal with the ties that bind people, the expectations they entertain of one another, their means of distinguishing themselves from others, the ways they have of moulding and teaching the young, and what they believe, know and invent. De Swaan also explores the ways in which people organize their activities, from foraging bands of only a few dozen members to contemporary societies that can effectively co-ordinate a billion people or more. Human Societies traces this huge increase in the scale of social life which occurred as new forms of human co-ordination emerged: from reciprocal obligation and collective action, to markets, organizations, and states, and finally, the emerging global level of interdependence. This book will be essential reading for anyone who needs a brief and clear introduction to sociology in its broadest sense; it will be especially valuable to those studying the subject for the first time.

Violence and the Civilising Process in Cambodia

Violence and the Civilising Process in Cambodia

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 1107109116
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1808
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Women After All

Women After All

Sex, Evolution, and the End of Male Supremacy

  • Author: Melvin Konner
  • Publisher: Liveright
  • ISBN: 9780393352313
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 4927
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A sparkling, thought-provoking account of sexual differences. Whether yourea man or a woman, youll find his conclusions gripping.Jared Diamond.

Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century

Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century

A Comparative Survey

  • Author: Amy E. Randall
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1472509803
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 2462
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Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century brings together a collection of some of the finest Genocide Studies scholars in North America and Europe to examine gendered discourses, practices and experiences of ethnic cleansing and genocide in the 20th century. It includes essays focusing on the genocide in Rwanda, the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire, the Holocaust and ethnic cleansing and genocide in the former Yugoslavia. The book looks at how historically- and culturally-specific ideas about reproduction, biology, and ethnic, national, racial and religious identity contributed to the possibility for and the unfolding of genocidal sexual violence, including mass rape. The book also considers how these ideas, in conjunction with discourses of femininity and masculinity, and understandings of female and male identities, contributed to perpetrators' tools and strategies for ethnic cleansing and genocide, as well as victims' experiences of these processes. This is an ideal text for any student looking to further understand the crucial topic of gender in genocide studies.

Murder Most Rare

Murder Most Rare

The Female Serial Killer

  • Author: Michael D. Kelleher,C. L. Kelleher
  • Publisher: Dell
  • ISBN: 9780440234739
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9526
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Describes seven categories of female serial killers--including the black widow, angel of death, and revenge killer--and explains why personality profiling for these cases is almost impossible, making homicide investigations so difficult.

The Anatomy of Evil

The Anatomy of Evil

  • Author: Michael H. Stone
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • ISBN: 1633883353
  • Category: Criminal psychology
  • Page: 486
  • View: 2959
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"In this groundbreaking book, renowned psychiatrist Michael H. Stone explores the concept and reality of evil from a new perspective. In an in-depth discussion of the personality traits and behaviors that constitute evil across a wide spectrum, Dr. Stone takes a clarifying scientific approach to a topic that for centuries has been inadequately explained by religious doctrines"--Amazon.com.

The Wretched of the Earth

The Wretched of the Earth

  • Author: Frantz Fanon
  • Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.
  • ISBN: 9780802198853
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6397
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Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.

Words of the World

Words of the World

The Global Language System

  • Author: Abram De Swaan
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 074566346X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3355
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This bold and accessible study of human languages and communication explores issues which are at the forefront of today's globalized society. The human species is divided into more than five thousand language groups that do not understand each other. And yet these groups constitute one coherent world language system, connected by multilingual speakers in a surprisingly powerful way. The chances of a language thriving depend on its position in the system. There are thousands of small, peripheral languages, each connected to one of a hundred central languages. The entire system is held together by one global language: English. A language is a ‘hypercollective' good: the more speakers it has, the higher its communication value for each one of them. Thus, when people think that a language is gaining new speakers, that in itself is a reason for them to want to learn it too. That is why, in an age of globalization, only a few languages remain for transnational communication and these often prevail even in national societies. This important book discusses a number of specific constellations in detail: India, Indonesia, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Africa and the European Union. De Swaan concludes by providing a sober but illuminating view of language policy in multilingual societies. This book will be essential reading for those studying sociology, communication studies and linguistics.

Train to Pakistan

Train to Pakistan

  • Author: Khushwant Singh
  • Publisher: Penguin Books India
  • ISBN: 9780143065883
  • Category: India
  • Page: 190
  • View: 3474
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Set in a village on the border between India and Pakistan, 'Train to Pakistan' is a classic of modern Indian fiction.

Violence in Society

Violence in Society

  • Author: Pamela Jane Taylor
  • Publisher: Royal College of Physicians
  • ISBN: 9781873240472
  • Category: Aggressiveness
  • Page: 200
  • View: 5484
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The Law of Blood

The Law of Blood

Thinking and Acting as a Nazi

  • Author: Johann Chapoutot
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674985826
  • Category: History
  • Page: 410
  • View: 3340
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The scale and the depth of Nazi brutality seem to defy understanding. What could drive people to fight, kill, and destroy with such ruthless ambition? Observers and historians have offered countless explanations since the 1930s. According to Johann Chapoutot, we need to understand better how the Nazis explained it themselves. We need a clearer view, in particular, of how they were steeped in and spread the idea that history gave them no choice: it was either kill or die. Chapoutot, one of France’s leading historians, spent years immersing himself in the texts and images that reflected and shaped the mental world of Nazi ideologues, and that the Nazis disseminated to the German public. The party had no official ur-text of ideology, values, and history. But a clear narrative emerges from the myriad works of intellectuals, apparatchiks, journalists, and movie-makers that Chapoutot explores. The story went like this: In the ancient world, the Nordic-German race lived in harmony with the laws of nature. But since Late Antiquity, corrupt foreign norms and values—Jewish values in particular—had alienated Germany from itself and from all that was natural. The time had come, under the Nazis, to return to the fundamental law of blood. Germany must fight, conquer, and procreate, or perish. History did not concern itself with right and wrong, only brute necessity. A remarkable work of scholarship and insight, The Law of Blood recreates the chilling ideas and outlook that would cost millions their lives.

Mystifying the Monarch

Mystifying the Monarch

Studies on Discourse, Power, and History

  • Author: Jeroen Deploige,Gita Deneckere
  • Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
  • ISBN: 9053567674
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 2200
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The power of monarchs has traditionally been as much symbolic as actual, rooted in popular imagery of sovereignty, divinity, and authority. In Mystifying the Monarch, a distinguished group of contributors explores the changing nature of that imagery—and its political and social effects—in Europe from the Middle Ages to the present day. They demonstrate that, rather than a linear progression where perceptions of rulers moved inexorably from the sacred to the banal, in reality the history of monarchy has been one of constant tension between mystification and demystification.

Cultural Techniques

Cultural Techniques

Grids, Filters, Doors, and Other Articulations of the Real

  • Author: Bernhard Siegert
  • Publisher: Meaning Systems (Fup)
  • ISBN: 0823263754
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 265
  • View: 3788
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"This volume designates a shift within posthumanistic media studies, that dissolves the concept of media into a network of operations, that reproduce, process and reflect the distinctions that are fundamental for a given culture, e.g. the anthropological difference, the distinctions between natural object and cultural sign, noise and information, eye and gaze"--

A Fine Balance

A Fine Balance

  • Author: Rohinton Mistry
  • Publisher: New Canadian Library
  • ISBN: 1551991381
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 832
  • View: 5145
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A Fine Balance, Rohinton Mistry’s stunning internationally acclaimed bestseller, is set in mid-1970s India. It tells the story of four unlikely people whose lives come together during a time of political turmoil soon after the government declares a “State of Internal Emergency.” Through days of bleakness and hope, their circumstances – and their fates – become inextricably linked in ways no one could have foreseen. Mistry’s prose is alive with enduring images and a cast of unforgettable characters. Written with compassion, humour, and insight, A Fine Balance is a vivid, richly textured, and powerful novel written by one of the most gifted writers of our time. From the Hardcover edition.

Genocide

Genocide

The Psychology of Mass Murder

  • Author: Wilhelmus Petrus Du Preez
  • Publisher: Marion Boyars
  • ISBN: 9780714529776
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 148
  • View: 5525
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this book attempts to make sense of the senseless. Its author considers cases of genocide past and present.

The Mass Psychology of Fascism

The Mass Psychology of Fascism

Third Edition

  • Author: Wilhelm Reich
  • Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • ISBN: 146684695X
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 432
  • View: 5832
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In this classic study, Reich provides insight into the phenomenon of fascism, which continues to ravage the international community in ways great and small. Drawing on his medical experiences with men and women of various classes, races, nations, and religious beliefs, Reich refutes the still generally held notion that fascism is a specific characteristic of certain nationalities or a political party ideology that is imposed on innocent people by means of force or political manneuvers. "Fascism on only the organized political expression of the structure of the average man's character. It is the basic emotional civilization and its mechanistic-mystical conception of life."—Wilhelm Reich Responsibility for the elimination of fascism thus results with the masses of average people who might otherwise support and champion it.