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The Lebesgue Integral for Undergraduates

The Lebesgue Integral for Undergraduates

  • Author: William Johnston
  • Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
  • ISBN: 1939512077
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 296
  • View: 4854
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In 1902, modern function theory began when Henri Lebesgue described a new "integral calculus." His "Lebesgue integral" handles more functions than the traditional integral-so many more that mathematicians can study collections (spaces) of functions. For example, it defines a distance between any two functions in a space. This book describes these ideas in an elementary accessible way. Anyone who has mastered calculus concepts of limits, derivatives, and series can enjoy the material. Unlike any other text, this book brings analysis research topics within reach of readers even just beginning to think about functions from a theoretical point of view.

A Radical Approach to Lebesgue's Theory of Integration

A Radical Approach to Lebesgue's Theory of Integration

  • Author: David M. Bressoud
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521884748
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 329
  • View: 8160
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Meant for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics, this introduction to measure theory and Lebesgue integration is motivated by the historical questions that led to its development. The author tells the story of the mathematicians who wrestled with the difficulties inherent in the Riemann integral, leading to the work of Jordan, Borel, and Lebesgue.

Lebesgue Integration on Euclidean Space

Lebesgue Integration on Euclidean Space

  • Author: Frank Jones
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • ISBN: 9780763717087
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 588
  • View: 3400
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Lebesgue Integration on Euclidean Space contains a concrete, intuitive, and patient derivation of Lebesgue measure and integration on Rn. Throughout the text, many exercises are incorporated, enabling students to apply new ideas immediately. Jones strives to present a slow introduction to Lebesgue integration by dealing with n-dimensional spaces from the outset. In addition, the text provides students a thorough treatment of Fourier analysis, while holistically preparing students to become workers in real analysis.

A (terse) Introduction to Lebesgue Integration

A (terse) Introduction to Lebesgue Integration

  • Author: John M. Franks
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821848623
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 202
  • View: 3211
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This book provides a student's first encounter with the concepts of measure theory and functional analysis. Its structure and content reflect the belief that difficult concepts should be introduced in their simplest and most concrete forms. Despite the use of the word ``terse'' in the title, this text might also have been called A (Gentle) Introduction to Lebesgue Integration. It is terse in the sense that it treats only a subset of those concepts typically found in a substantial graduate-level analysis course. The book emphasizes the motivation of these concepts and attempts to treat them simply and concretely. In particular, little mention is made of general measures other than Lebesgue until the final chapter and attention is limited to $R$ as opposed to $R^n$. After establishing the primary ideas and results, the text moves on to some applications. Chapter 6 discusses classical real and complex Fourier series for $L^2$ functions on the interval and shows that the Fourier series of an $L^2$ function converges in $L^2$ to that function. Chapter 7 introduces some concepts from measurable dynamics. The Birkhoff ergodic theorem is stated without proof and results on Fourier series from Chapter 6 are used to prove that an irrational rotation of the circle is ergodic and that the squaring map on the complex numbers of modulus 1 is ergodic. This book is suitable for an advanced undergraduate course or for the start of a graduate course. The text presupposes that the student has had a standard undergraduate course in real analysis.

A Modern Theory of Integration

A Modern Theory of Integration

  • Author: Robert G. Bartle
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 9780821883853
  • Category:
  • Page: 458
  • View: 5057
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The theory of integration is one of the twin pillars on which analysis is built. The first version of integration that students see is the Riemann integral. Later, graduate students learn that the Lebesgue integral is ``better'' because it removes some restrictions on the integrands and the domains over which we integrate. However, there are still drawbacks to Lebesgue integration, for instance, dealing with the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, or with ``improper'' integrals. This book is an introduction to a relatively new theory of the integral (called the ``generalized Riemann integral'' or the ``Henstock-Kurzweil integral'') that corrects the defects in the classical Riemann theory and both simplifies and extends the Lebesgue theory of integration. Although this integral includes that of Lebesgue, its definition is very close to the Riemann integral that is familiar to students from calculus. One virtue of the new approach is that no measure theory and virtually no topology is required. Indeed, the book includes a study of measure theory as an application of the integral. Part 1 fully develops the theory of the integral of functions defined on a compact interval. This restriction on the domain is not necessary, but it is the case of most interest and does not exhibit some of the technical problems that can impede the reader's understanding. Part 2 shows how this theory extends to functions defined on the whole real line. The theory of Lebesgue measure from the integral is then developed, and the author makes a connection with some of the traditional approaches to the Lebesgue integral. Thus, readers are given full exposure to the main classical results. The text is suitable for a first-year graduate course, although much of it can be readily mastered by advanced undergraduate students. Included are many examples and a very rich collection of exercises. There are partial solutions to approximately one-third of the exercises. A complete solutions manual is available separately.

Second Year Calculus

Second Year Calculus

From Celestial Mechanics to Special Relativity

  • Author: David M. Bressoud
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461209595
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 404
  • View: 1579
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Second Year Calculus: From Celestial Mechanics to Special Relativity covers multi-variable and vector calculus, emphasizing the historical physical problems which gave rise to the concepts of calculus. The book guides us from the birth of the mechanized view of the world in Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy in which mathematics becomes the ultimate tool for modelling physical reality, to the dawn of a radically new and often counter-intuitive age in Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity in which it is the mathematical model which suggests new aspects of that reality. The development of this process is discussed from the modern viewpoint of differential forms. Using this concept, the student learns to compute orbits and rocket trajectories, model flows and force fields, and derive the laws of electricity and magnetism. These exercises and observations of mathematical symmetry enable the student to better understand the interaction of physics and mathematics.

An Introduction to Measure Theory

An Introduction to Measure Theory

  • Author: Terence Tao
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821869191
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 206
  • View: 9824
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This is a graduate text introducing the fundamentals of measure theory and integration theory, which is the foundation of modern real analysis. The text focuses first on the concrete setting of Lebesgue measure and the Lebesgue integral (which in turn is motivated by the more classical concepts of Jordan measure and the Riemann integral), before moving on to abstract measure and integration theory, including the standard convergence theorems, Fubini's theorem, and the Caratheodory extension theorem. Classical differentiation theorems, such as the Lebesgue and Rademacher differentiation theorems, are also covered, as are connections with probability theory. The material is intended to cover a quarter or semester's worth of material for a first graduate course in real analysis. There is an emphasis in the text on tying together the abstract and the concrete sides of the subject, using the latter to illustrate and motivate the former. The central role of key principles (such as Littlewood's three principles) as providing guiding intuition to the subject is also emphasized. There are a large number of exercises throughout that develop key aspects of the theory, and are thus an integral component of the text. As a supplementary section, a discussion of general problem-solving strategies in analysis is also given. The last three sections discuss optional topics related to the main matter of the book.

A Radical Approach to Real Analysis

A Radical Approach to Real Analysis

  • Author: David M. Bressoud
  • Publisher: MAA
  • ISBN: 9780883857472
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 323
  • View: 9353
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Second edition of this introduction to real analysis, rooted in the historical issues that shaped its development.

A First Course in Analysis

A First Course in Analysis

  • Author: John B. Conway
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107173140
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 375
  • View: 1156
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This rigorous textbook is intended for a year-long analysis or advanced calculus course for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students. Starting with detailed, slow-paced proofs that allow students to acquire facility in reading and writing proofs, it clearly and concisely explains the basics of differentiation and integration of functions of one and several variables, and covers the theorems of Green, Gauss, and Stokes. Minimal prerequisites are assumed, and relevant linear algebra topics are reviewed right before they are needed, making the material accessible to students from diverse backgrounds. Abstract topics are preceded by concrete examples to facilitate understanding, for example, before introducing differential forms, the text examines low-dimensional examples. The meaning and importance of results are thoroughly discussed, and numerous exercises of varying difficulty give students ample opportunity to test and improve their knowledge of this difficult yet vital subject.

An Introduction to Measure and Integration

An Introduction to Measure and Integration

  • Author: Inder K. Rana
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 9780821883914
  • Category: Lebesgue integral
  • Page: 424
  • View: 2441
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A User-Friendly Introduction to Lebesgue Measure and Integration

A User-Friendly Introduction to Lebesgue Measure and Integration

  • Author: Gail S. Nelson
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 1470421992
  • Category: Integration, Functional
  • Page: 221
  • View: 6005
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A User-Friendly Introduction to Lebesgue Measure and Integration provides a bridge between an undergraduate course in Real Analysis and a first graduate-level course in Measure Theory and Integration. The main goal of this book is to prepare students for what they may encounter in graduate school, but will be useful for many beginning graduate students as well. The book starts with the fundamentals of measure theory that are gently approached through the very concrete example of Lebesgue measure. With this approach, Lebesgue integration becomes a natural extension of Riemann integration. Next, -spaces are defined. Then the book turns to a discussion of limits, the basic idea covered in a first analysis course. The book also discusses in detail such questions as: When does a sequence of Lebesgue integrable functions converge to a Lebesgue integrable function? What does that say about the sequence of integrals? Another core idea from a first analysis course is completeness. Are these -spaces complete? What exactly does that mean in this setting? This book concludes with a brief overview of General Measures. An appendix contains suggested projects suitable for end-of-course papers or presentations. The book is written in a very reader-friendly manner, which makes it appropriate for students of varying degrees of preparation, and the only prerequisite is an undergraduate course in Real Analysis.

Measure, Integral and Probability

Measure, Integral and Probability

  • Author: Marek Capinski,(Peter) Ekkehard Kopp
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1447136314
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 227
  • View: 2257
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This very well written and accessible book emphasizes the reasons for studying measure theory, which is the foundation of much of probability. By focusing on measure, many illustrative examples and applications, including a thorough discussion of standard probability distributions and densities, are opened. The book also includes many problems and their fully worked solutions.

Spaces: An Introduction to Real Analysis

Spaces: An Introduction to Real Analysis

  • Author: Tom L. Lindstrøm
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 1470440628
  • Category: Functional analysis
  • Page: 369
  • View: 5838
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Spaces is a modern introduction to real analysis at the advanced undergraduate level. It is forward-looking in the sense that it first and foremost aims to provide students with the concepts and techniques they need in order to follow more advanced courses in mathematical analysis and neighboring fields. The only prerequisites are a solid understanding of calculus and linear algebra. Two introductory chapters will help students with the transition from computation-based calculus to theory-based analysis. The main topics covered are metric spaces, spaces of continuous functions, normed spaces, differentiation in normed spaces, measure and integration theory, and Fourier series. Although some of the topics are more advanced than what is usually found in books of this level, care is taken to present the material in a way that is suitable for the intended audience: concepts are carefully introduced and motivated, and proofs are presented in full detail. Applications to differential equations and Fourier analysis are used to illustrate the power of the theory, and exercises of all levels from routine to real challenges help students develop their skills and understanding. The text has been tested in classes at the University of Oslo over a number of years.

Real Analysis for the Undergraduate

Real Analysis for the Undergraduate

With an Invitation to Functional Analysis

  • Author: Matthew A. Pons
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461496381
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 409
  • View: 6600
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This undergraduate textbook introduces students to the basics of real analysis, provides an introduction to more advanced topics including measure theory and Lebesgue integration, and offers an invitation to functional analysis. While these advanced topics are not typically encountered until graduate study, the text is designed for the beginner. The author’s engaging style makes advanced topics approachable without sacrificing rigor. The text also consistently encourages the reader to pick up a pencil and take an active part in the learning process. Key features include: - examples to reinforce theory; - thorough explanations preceding definitions, theorems and formal proofs; - illustrations to support intuition; - over 450 exercises designed to develop connections between the concrete and abstract. This text takes students on a journey through the basics of real analysis and provides those who wish to delve deeper the opportunity to experience mathematical ideas that are beyond the standard undergraduate curriculum.

Writing Proofs in Analysis

Writing Proofs in Analysis

  • Author: Jonathan M. Kane
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319309676
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 347
  • View: 3724
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This is a textbook on proof writing in the area of analysis, balancing a survey of the core concepts of mathematical proof with a tight, rigorous examination of the specific tools needed for an understanding of analysis. Instead of the standard "transition" approach to teaching proofs, wherein students are taught fundamentals of logic, given some common proof strategies such as mathematical induction, and presented with a series of well-written proofs to mimic, this textbook teaches what a student needs to be thinking about when trying to construct a proof. Covering the fundamentals of analysis sufficient for a typical beginning Real Analysis course, it never loses sight of the fact that its primary focus is about proof writing skills. This book aims to give the student precise training in the writing of proofs by explaining exactly what elements make up a correct proof, how one goes about constructing an acceptable proof, and, by learning to recognize a correct proof, how to avoid writing incorrect proofs. To this end, all proofs presented in this text are preceded by detailed explanations describing the thought process one goes through when constructing the proof. Over 150 example proofs, templates, and axioms are presented alongside full-color diagrams to elucidate the topics at hand.

Basic Methods of Linear Functional Analysis

Basic Methods of Linear Functional Analysis

  • Author: John D. Pryce
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486173631
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6992
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Introduction to the themes of mathematical analysis, geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Topics include operators, function spaces, Hilbert spaces, and elementary Fourier analysis. Numerous exercises and worked examples.1973 edition.

Functional Analysis

Functional Analysis

An Elementary Introduction

  • Author: Markus Haase
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Society
  • ISBN: 0821891715
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 372
  • View: 4243
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This book introduces functional analysis at an elementary level without assuming any background in real analysis, for example on metric spaces or Lebesgue integration. It focuses on concepts and methods relevant in applied contexts such as variational methods on Hilbert spaces, Neumann series, eigenvalue expansions for compact self-adjoint operators, weak differentiation and Sobolev spaces on intervals, and model applications to differential and integral equations. Beyond that, the final chapters on the uniform boundedness theorem, the open mapping theorem and the Hahn-Banach theorem provide a stepping-stone to more advanced texts. The exposition is clear and rigorous, featuring full and detailed proofs. Many examples illustrate the new notions and results. Each chapter concludes with a large collection of exercises, some of which are referred to in the margin of the text, tailor-made in order to guide the student digesting the new material. Optional sections and chapters supplement the mandatory parts and allow for modular teaching spanning from basic to honors track level.

The Joys of Haar Measure

The Joys of Haar Measure

  • Author: Joe Diestel,Angela Spalsbury
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 1470409356
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 8133
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From the earliest days of measure theory, invariant measures have held the interests of geometers and analysts alike, with the Haar measure playing an especially delightful role. The aim of this book is to present invariant measures on topological groups, progressing from special cases to the more general. Presenting existence proofs in special cases, such as compact metrizable groups, highlights how the added assumptions give insight into just what the Haar measure is like; tools from different aspects of analysis and/or combinatorics demonstrate the diverse views afforded the subject. After presenting the compact case, applications indicate how these tools can find use. The generalisation to locally compact groups is then presented and applied to show relations between metric and measure theoretic invariance. Steinlage's approach to the general problem of homogeneous action in the locally compact setting shows how Banach's approach and that of Cartan and Weil can be unified with good effect. Finally, the situation of a nonlocally compact Polish group is discussed briefly with the surprisingly unsettling consequences indicated. The book is accessible to graduate and advanced undergraduate students who have been exposed to a basic course in real variables, although the authors do review the development of the Lebesgue measure. It will be a stimulating reference for students and professors who use the Haar measure in their studies and research.

An Introduction to Classical Real Analysis

An Introduction to Classical Real Analysis

  • Author: Karl R. Stromberg
  • Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 1470425440
  • Category: Mathematical analysis
  • Page: 575
  • View: 4814
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This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. One significant way in which this book differs from other texts at this level is that the integral which is first mentioned is the Lebesgue integral on the real line. There are at least three good reasons for doing this. First, this approach is no more difficult to understand than is the traditional theory of the Riemann integral. Second, the readers will profit from acquiring a thorough understanding of Lebesgue integration on Euclidean spaces before they enter into a study of abstract measure theory. Third, this is the integral that is most useful to current applied mathematicians and theoretical scientists, and is essential for any serious work with trigonometric series. The exercise sets are a particularly attractive feature of this book. A great many of the exercises are projects of many parts which, when completed in the order given, lead the student by easy stages to important and interesting results. Many of the exercises are supplied with copious hints. This new printing contains a large number of corrections and a short author biography as well as a list of selected publications of the author. This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/CHEL-376-H/#sthash.wHQ1vpdk.dpuf This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. One significant way in which this book differs from other texts at this level is that the integral which is first mentioned is the Lebesgue integral on the real line. There are at least three good reasons for doing this. First, this approach is no more difficult to understand than is the traditional theory of the Riemann integral. Second, the readers will profit from acquiring a thorough understanding of Lebesgue integration on Euclidean spaces before they enter into a study of abstract measure theory. Third, this is the integral that is most useful to current applied mathematicians and theoretical scientists, and is essential for any serious work with trigonometric series. The exercise sets are a particularly attractive feature of this book. A great many of the exercises are projects of many parts which, when completed in the order given, lead the student by easy stages to important and interesting results. Many of the exercises are supplied with copious hints. This new printing contains a large number of corrections and a short author biography as well as a list of selected publications of the author. This classic book is a text for a standard introductory course in real analysis, covering sequences and series, limits and continuity, differentiation, elementary transcendental functions, integration, infinite series and products, and trigonometric series. The author has scrupulously avoided any presumption at all that the reader has any knowledge of mathematical concepts until they are formally presented in the book. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/CHEL-376-H/#sthash.wHQ1vpdk.dpuf

Analysis in Euclidean Space

Analysis in Euclidean Space

  • Author: Kenneth Hoffman
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486135845
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 448
  • View: 6535
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Developed for a beginning course in mathematical analysis, this text focuses on concepts, principles, and methods, offering introductions to real and complex analysis and complex function theory. 1975 edition.