Search Results for "the-levittowners-ways-of-life-and-politics-in-a-new-suburban-community-sociology-lost-and-found"

The Levittowners

The Levittowners

Ways of Life and Politics in a New Suburban Community

  • Author: Herbert J. Gans
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231055710
  • Category: History
  • Page: 474
  • View: 1519
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In his previous books Allen Guttmann has provided incisive perspectives on Avery Brundage's role in the Olympic movement and on the nature of modern sports. Now, in his latest book, the accomplished historian of sport turns his attention from the playing field to the grandstand. Sports Spectators, the first historical study of the subject from antiquity to today, is at once erudite and entertaining; comprehensive and succint. Guttmann first examines the history of sports spectators, starting with Ancient Greece and Rome. He then moves on to the Renaissance and traces three early sports -the tournament, archery, and early versions of football. The author then focuses on the emergenece of sports in post-Renaissance England, and discusses the curious spectacle of animal sports (bear- and bull-baiting and cockfighting), as well as the first appearance of combat sports such as sword fighting, stick fighting, and boxing. The book concludes its historical view by exploring contemporary baseball, football, rowing, tennis, and golf. From his chronological narrative, Guttmann shifts to detailed analysis of the economic, sociological, and psychological aspects of sports spectatorship. Who were, and are, sports spectators? What is their gender and social class? Have they normally been participants as well as fans? What are the political functions of sports-watching? What are the social dynamics of spectatorship? Guttmann provides fresh insights which will be useful to scholars and fascinating to everyone. Sports Spectators also looks at the dramatic transformations radio and television have made, and offers an incisive critique of today's sports-related violence, including the increasingly frequent incidences of spectator hooliganism. How violent (or peaceful) have spectators traditionally been? Has spectator violence increased or decreased? You needn't be a season ticket-holder to enjoy Sports Spectators. Allen Guttmann makes the history of fandom come alive for any reader interested in Western culture and what forms of entertainment reveal about us, as well as those concerned with the recent growth of spectator violence.

Die Lewittowner

Die Lewittowner

Soziographie einer „Schlafstadt“

  • Author: Herbert J. Gans
  • Publisher: Birkhäuser
  • ISBN: 3035601887
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3476
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Small-Town America

Small-Town America

Finding Community, Shaping the Future

  • Author: Robert Wuthnow
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400846498
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 520
  • View: 664
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More than thirty million Americans live in small, out-of-the-way places. Many of them could have joined the vast majority of Americans who live in cities and suburbs. They could live closer to more lucrative careers and convenient shopping, a wider range of educational opportunities, and more robust health care. But they have opted to live differently. In Small-Town America, we meet factory workers, shop owners, retirees, teachers, clergy, and mayors--residents who show neighborliness in small ways, but who also worry about everything from school closings and their children's futures to the ups and downs of the local economy. Drawing on more than seven hundred in-depth interviews in hundreds of towns across America and three decades of census data, Robert Wuthnow shows the fragility of community in small towns. He covers a host of topics, including the symbols and rituals of small-town life, the roles of formal and informal leaders, the social role of religious congregations, the perception of moral and economic decline, and the myriad ways residents in small towns make sense of their own lives. Wuthnow also tackles difficult issues such as class and race, abortion, homosexuality, and substance abuse. Small-Town America paints a rich panorama of individuals who reside in small communities, finding that, for many people, living in a small town is an important part of self-identity.

Service Clubs in American Society

Service Clubs in American Society

Rotary, Kiwanis, and Lions

  • Author: Jeffrey A. Charles
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 9780252020155
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 3706
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Placing the clubs in the context of twentieth-century middle-class culture, Charles maintains that they represented the response of locally oriented, traditional middle-class men to societal changes. The groups emerged at a time when service was becoming both a middle-class and a business ideal. As voluntary associations, they represented a shift in organizing rationale, from fraternalism to service. The clubs and their ideology of service were welcome as a unifying force at a time when small cities and towns were beset by economic and population pressures.

Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences

Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences

  • Author: Jonathan Michie
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135932263
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 2165
  • View: 6837
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This 2-volume work includes approximately 1,200 entries in A-Z order, critically reviewing the literature on specific topics from abortion to world systems theory. In addition, nine major entries cover each of the major disciplines (political economy; management and business; human geography; politics; sociology; law; psychology; organizational behavior) and the history and development of the social sciences in a broader sense.

Housing in America

Housing in America

An Introduction

  • Author: Marijoan Bull,Alina Gross
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315309114
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 180
  • View: 3976
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Housing is a fundamental need and universal part of human living that shapes our lives in profound ways that go far beyond basic sheltering. Where we live can determine our self-image, social status, health and safety, quality of public services, access to jobs, and transportation options. But the reality for many in America is that housing choices are constrained: costs are unaffordable, discriminatory practices remain, and physical features do not align with needs. As a society, we recognize the significant role housing plays in our overall quality of life and the stability of our communities. We have made a national commitment to decent housing for all yet this promise remains unrealized. Housing in America provides a broad overview of the field of housing, with the objective of fostering an informed and engaged citizenry. The evolution of housing norms and policy is explored in a historical context while underscoring the human and cultural dimensions of housing program choices. Specific topics covered include: why housing matters; housing and culture; housing frameworks and political ideologies; housing and opportunities; housing and the economy; housing discrimination; and housing affordability. Readers will gain an understanding of the basic debates within the field of housing, consider the motivations and performance of various interventions, and critically examine persistent patterns of racial and class inequality. With an exploration of theoretical frameworks, short case studies, reflective exercises, and strong visuals, this introductory text explores improving housing choices in America.

Democracy in Suburbia

Democracy in Suburbia

  • Author: J. Eric Oliver
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691088808
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 263
  • View: 9869
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Suburbanization is often blamed for a loss of civic engagement in contemporary America. How justified is this claim? Just what is a suburb? How do social environments shape civic life? Looking beyond popular stereotypes, Democracy in Suburbia answers these questions by examining how suburbs influence citizen participation in community and public affairs. Eric Oliver offers a rich, engaging account of what suburbia means for American democracy and, in doing so, speaks to the heart of widespread debate on the health of our civil society. Applying an innovative, unusually rigorous mode of statistical analysis to a wealth of unique survey and census data, Oliver argues that suburbs, by institutionalizing class and racial differences with municipal boundaries, transform social conflicts between citizens into ones between political institutions. In reducing the incentives for individual political participation, suburbanization has negated the benefits of ''small town'' government and deprived metropolitan areas of valuable civic capacity. This ultimately increases prospects of serious social conflict. Oliver concludes that we must reconfigure suburban governments to allow seemingly intractable issues of common metropolitan concern to surface in local politics rather than be ignored as cross-jurisdictional. And he believes this is possible without sacrifice of local government's advantages. Scholars and students of political science, sociology, and urban affairs will prize this book for its striking findings, its revealing scrutiny of the commonplace, and its insights into how the pursuit of the American dream may be imperiling American democracy.

More work for mother

More work for mother

the ironies of household technology from the open hearth to the microwave

  • Author: Ruth Schwartz Cowan
  • Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Family & Relationships
  • Page: 257
  • View: 8655
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Shows how new, supposedly time-saving inventions have both increased the workload and improved the standard of living.

Understanding Social Impacts

Understanding Social Impacts

Assessing the Effects of Public Projects

  • Author: Kurt Finsterbusch
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 311
  • View: 401
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'The book clearly fills a void in the field of social impact assessment and should be well received by researchers involved in the field. One particularly strong point of the book is the presentation and review of studies that have not been published previously in readily accessible forms (e.g. agency reports, project reports, etc.). There is a wealth of information in such sources, and Finsterbusch has done us a service by making some of this material available here.' -- Organization Studies, Vol 3 No 4 1982 'The book's main contribution is the enormous amount and variety of data included in each of the chapters.' -- Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, Vol 18 No 2 1982 'In this volume, Finsterbusch seek

Book Review Digest

Book Review Digest

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Bibliography
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8460
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Fractured Generations

Fractured Generations

Crafting A Family Policy For Twenty-First Century America

  • Author: Allan C. Carlson
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412823845
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 145
  • View: 5966
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Fifty years ago, the phrase "family policy" was rarely heard in America. Individual states maintained laws governing marriage, divorce, education, inheritance, and child protection, which regulated the formation, childrearing practices, and dissolution of families. However, these scattered policy issues were not seen as closely related. Until the 1960s, the nuclear family was an institution that was part of the natural life-course expected of most adults. Family meant marriage, children, the establishment of a home, care of the elderly, but perhaps most of all, bonding of the generations. As early as the 1840s, certain elements of states' policies hinted at a weakening family structure, but not until the 1960s was the family openly attacked. Feminists objected to a male-oriented home economy, demographers encouraged negative population growth, the sexual revolution was on the rise, and religiously grounded morality in public life was challenged in the federal courts. Married couples with children had to shoulder a larger tax burden, further discouraging people from building and maintaining families. Perhaps because family was so central to the founders' lives they found no need to mention it in the Constitution. But today, generational bonds have fractured, while family policy is a paramount public concern. As Allan Carlson makes clear no nation can progress, or even survive, without a durable family system. Contemporary family policy represents an attempt to counter the negative forces of the last four decades so as to restore the natural family to its necessary place in American life. "Fractured Generations"' chapters follow the life-course of the human family--marriage; the birth of children; infant and toddler care; schooling; building a home; crafting a durable family economy; and elder care. This is a passionate and well-reasoned appeal for a return to the institution that is the last best hope for America's future: the family. "No social institution is more vital to the perpetuation of civilized life than the family. Yet few institutions have suffered more from the relentless incursions of modernity than the family. And no field of contemporary scholarship has been more politicized and debased than the study of the family. These three facts, taken together, explain why Allan Carlson's humane voice, and his contribution to our national life, is so rare and so valuable. He is our most persuasive advocate for the natural family, one of the few scholars willing to approach the subject with an unapologetically normative view. For him, the family is rightly regarded as the nexus of the profoundest of human experiences: marriage, sexuality, procreation, childrearing, home life, home economics, and the care of the elderly. "Fractured Generations" is not only a succinct defense of that view, but a meaty compilation of particular policy initiatives that can begin to restore the strength and dignity of the natural family and give it the tools to defend itself. It should be read by everyone who cares about the future of the family."-Wilfred M. McClay, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga "A welcome and provocative book of thoughtfully revisionist history and wise prescriptions by an honest, learned man of the Midwest, "Fractured Generations" points the way to a family policy rooted in healthy tradition, American liberty, and human-scale community."Bill Kauffman, author of Dispatches from the "Muckdog Gazette" ""Fractured Generations" is an insightful and provocative account of the history and future of family policy in the United States. Written by one of the wisest observers of the family in America, this book offers timely analyses of topics such as social security, income tax policy, and family planning. This book is required reading for academics, journalists, and policymakers interested in the family."-W. Bradford Wilcox, Department of Sociology, University of Virginia and author of "Soft Patriarchs, New Men: How Christianity Shapes Fathers and Husbands" "Allan Carlson is the best writer and thinker on family and society. His essays are always a 'must read' for anyone concerned about the family, be they liberal (to know the strength of their opposition) or conservative (to be led deeper and deeper in an always enjoyable way). With the years his already vast knowledge increases and his insights become more and more unassailable. In "Fractured Generations" he continues and refines his work - his tradition, and concludes with a list of public policy proposals that every Congressman and Senator should have in pocket-card form next to his (or her) heart." -Patrick F Fagan, The Heritage Foundation "Allan Carlson is an economist deeply immersed in the complexities of social history and public policy. Agree or disagree, his work always provokes and illumines. His recommendations for family-friendly social policy are stated clearly and defended vigorously. Anyone with an interest in marriage, families, and public policy will find Carlson's latest worthy of careful consideration. Let the debate begin!" -Jean Bethke Elshtain, author of "Jane Addams and the Dream of American Democracy." Allan Carlson is president of the Howard Center for Family, Religion, and Society in Rockford, Illinois, and distinguished fellow in family policy studies at Family Research Council. He is the author of "The Swedish Experiment in Family Politics," "Family Questions," and "The Family in America," all available from Transaction.

Elitesoziologie

Elitesoziologie

Eine Einführung

  • Author: Michael Hartmann
  • Publisher: Campus Verlag
  • ISBN: 3593374390
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 205
  • View: 940
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Über Eliteuniversitäten und die Notwendigkeit von Eliten wird zurzeit heftig diskutiert. Aber was sind eigentlich Eliten? Was zeichnet sie aus? Sind Eliten und Demokratie überhaupt miteinander vereinbar? Michael Hartmann stellt im ersten Teil dieser Einführung die wichtigsten Elitetheorien der letzten 120 Jahre - von Mosca bis Bourdieu - in ihren wesentlichen Elementen vor und kommentiert sie kritisch. Ebenso wichtig für jeden, der sich mit Elitesoziologie beschäftigt, ist die Analyse der Eliten in den entwickelten Industrieländern, die Gegenstand des zweiten Teils sind: Wer besetzt in Wirtschaft, Politik, Verwaltung, Justiz oder Wissenschaft die Spitzenpositionen und welches sind ihre Funktionen? Michael Hartmann stellt dar, wie sich die maßgeblichen Eliten in den fünf größten Industriestaaten (Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Japan und USA) rekrutieren, und untersucht ihre soziale Herkunft und Homogenität. Damit verbindet er auf anschauliche Weise Theorie und Empirie dieses wichtigen Teilgebiets der Soziologie.

Clean

Clean

  • Author: Juno Dawson
  • Publisher: Carlsen
  • ISBN: 3646922559
  • Category: Juvenile Fiction
  • Page: 368
  • View: 2979
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Lexi ist reich, cool, ein It-Girl – und heroinsüchtig. Nach einer Überdosis landet sie in der Clarity-Klinik. Ihr Entzug ist hart, die Therapie schier unerträglich, vor allem die Treffen mit den „Mitinsassen“: Aufputschmittel-Junkie Saif, Trans-Mädchen Kendall, Guy mit der Zwangsneurose, Bulimikerin Ruby, Ex-Kinderstar Brady. Doch ausgerechnet diese fünf werden zu echten Freunden. Und Brady vielleicht mehr. Lexi öffnet sich vorsichtig, beginnt ihr zerstörerisches Leben zu hinterfragen. Aber ist ein anderer Weg überhaupt möglich? --- Ein Buch, das unter die Haut geht: scharfsinnig, scharfzüngig und schmerzlich realistisch! ---

Soziologische Grundbegriffe

Soziologische Grundbegriffe

  • Author: Max Weber
  • Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN: 3843030332
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 48
  • View: 6328
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Max Weber: Soziologische Grundbegriffe Aus: »Grundriss der Sozialökonomik«, III. Abt.: Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, I. Teil (1. Lieferung), Kap. I, Tübingen (Mohr Siebeck) 1921. Vollständige Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2015. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Einladung zur Soziologie

Einladung zur Soziologie

Eine humanistische Perspektive

  • Author: Peter Berger
  • Publisher: UTB
  • ISBN: 3825248321
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2781
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Im Alter von 35 Jahren schrieb Peter L. Berger seine charmante Einführung „Invitation to Sociology“, welche in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Mit seiner konkurrenz- und zeitlosen »Einladung zur Soziologie« eröffnet er auf möglichst leichtfüßige und eingängige Art einen Zugang in die Denk- und Arbeitsweisen des Fachs. Ergänzt wird das Werk durch ein aktuelles Interview, das die Herausgeberin Michaela Pfadenhauer mit Peter L. Berger über dieses Buch und sein heutiges Verständnis von Soziologie führte. Peter L. Berger gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der „neueren Wissenssoziologie“ und scharfer Analytiker der Gegenwart. Er leitete 30 Jahre lang das von ihm gegründete „Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs“ (CURA) an der Boston University. Mit dieser utb-Studienausgabe wird das wichtige Werk Studienanfängern wieder zugänglich gemacht.

Eine gute Schule

Eine gute Schule

Roman

  • Author: Richard Yates
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 3641247144
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 240
  • View: 9185
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Das Haar hängt ihm fettig in die Stirn, sein fadenscheiniges Hemd ziert ein Muster aus Flecken. William Grove, fünfzehn Jahre alt und gerade als Stipendiat an der Dorset Academy angenommen, wird schnell der Stempel aufgedrückt: Mit diesem »Zigeuner« möchte keiner der Jungen im Internat etwas zu tun haben. Denn Grove kann nicht verbergen, dass er aus proletarischen Verhältnissen stammt. Doch genau das soll er an der Dorset, Hort englischer Erziehungstraditionen, lernen – seine Mutter hofft, dass ihrem Sohn sich so die Türen zur höheren Gesellschaft öffnen, die ihr, der großen Künstlerin, verschlossen geblieben sind, trotz aller Bemühungen. Glaubwürdig und mit viel Feingefühl gelingt es Richard Yates, dem Meister der klaren Worte, das psychologische Porträt eines Jungen zu zeichnen, der seinen Platz in der Gesellschaft noch finden muss.

Theorien sozialer Strukturen

Theorien sozialer Strukturen

Ansätze und Probleme

  • Author: Peter Michael Blau
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3322839648
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 255
  • View: 8391
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Im freien Fall -

Im freien Fall -

Vom Versagen der Märkte zur Neuordnung der Weltwirtschaft

  • Author: Joseph Stiglitz
  • Publisher: Siedler Verlag
  • ISBN: 3641040701
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 512
  • View: 2298
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Das Plädoyer des Nobelpreisträgers für eine neue globale Wirtschaftspolitik Der freie Fall der Weltwirtschaft begann im Herbst 2008 mit dem Zusammenbruch der Investment-Bank Lehman Brothers. Die Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise, die wir seither erleben, ist die schlimmste seit den 1930er Jahren. In seinem neuen Buch fragt Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz, wie es dazu kommen konnte – und erklärt, wie wir solche Katastrophen in Zukunft verhindern können. Mit der Wirtschaftskrise hat sich die jahrzehntelang herrschende Wirtschaftsdoktrin selbst entzaubert: Falsche Anreize, entfesselte Märkte und eine ungerechte Verteilung des Reichtums haben die Welt an den Rand des Abgrunds geführt. Für Joseph Stiglitz ist klar: Ein »Weiter so« kann es nicht geben. Statt mit hektischen Rettungsmaßnahmen die eigene, nationale Wirtschaft zu retten und danach wieder zur Tagesordnung überzugehen, müssen wir diesen kritischen Moment nutzen, um eine neue globale Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik zu schaffen. Joseph Stiglitz beschreibt in seinem neuen Buch, wie solch eine krisenfeste und gerechtere Wirtschaftsordnung aussehen könnte. Neben einer besseren Regulierung der Finanzmärkte und einer aktiveren Rolle des Staates in der Wirtschaft, müssen wir vor allem dafür Sorge tragen, weltweit Arbeitsplätze zu sichern und den Wohlstand gerechter zu verteilen.

Die Street Corner Society

Die Street Corner Society

Die Sozialstruktur eines Italienerviertels

  • Author: William Foote Whyte
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110809648
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 403
  • View: 5130
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Keine Zeit

Keine Zeit

Wenn die Firma zum Zuhause wird und zu Hause nur Arbeit wartet

  • Author: Arlie Hochschild
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783531144689
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 305
  • View: 9470
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Diese Studie aus den USA untersucht die Situation berufstätiger Eltern zwischen den Anforderungen einer globalisierten Arbeitswelt und denen des Familienlebens. Es bleibt buchstäblich ,Keine Zeit'. Warum das so ist, zeigt dieses Publikation über die Praxis eines Unternehmens im Mittleren Westen der USA. In Interviews mit den Beschäftigten eines großen amerikanischen Konzerns geht die Autorin der Frage nach, warum so viele Eltern über Zeitnot klagen und trotzdem nur wenige die familienfreundlichen Arbeitszeitregelungen des Unternehmens nutzen. Noch vor dem ersten Interview ermittelte Hochschild, dass nur 3 % aller Beschäftigten mit Kindern von 13 Jahren und jünger Teilzeit arbeiteten; nur ein Prozent machte Job Sharing; gerade ein Drittel der Eltern hatten flexible Arbeitszeiten - die übrigen arbeiteten neun oder zehn Stunden am Tag mit festen Zeiten. Alle kannten das vielfältige Angebot der fortschrittlichen Unternehmung, welche zum Ziel hat, die Karriere und Familie problemlos miteinander zu verbinden. Weshalb nutzten so viele Eltern nicht die großzügigen Angebote von Amerco? In den 130 Interviews kristallisierte sich heraus, dass sie weitgehend dem Bild vom "idealen" Angestellten entsprechen wollten - ein in den USA weit verbreitetes Leitbild, in dessen Zentrum Flexibilität steht: die Bereitschaft, ohne Widerspruch andere Aufgaben in der Firma zu übernehmen, Überstunden zu machen, in Notfällen die Arbeit anderer mit zu erledigen oder jederzeit umzuziehen.