Search Results for "the-logic-of-images-in-international-relations"

The Logic of Images in International Relations

The Logic of Images in International Relations

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231069328
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 281
  • View: 3745
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The summation of more than two thousand years of one of the world's most august literary traditions, this volume also represents the achievements of four hundred years of Western scholarship on China. The selections include poetry, drama, fiction, songs, biographies, and works of early Chinese philosophy and history rendered in English by the most renowned translators of classical Chinese literature: Arthur Waley, Ezra Pound, David Hawkes, James Legge, Burton Watson, Stephen Owen, Cyril Birch, A. C. Graham, Witter Bynner, Kenneth Rexroth, and others. Arranged chronologically and by genre, each chapter is introduced by definitive quotes and brief introductions chosen from classic Western sinological treatises. Beginning with discussions of the origins of the Chinese writing system and selections from the earliest "genre" of Chinese literature--the Oracle Bone inscriptions--the book then proceeds with selections from: * early myths and legends; * the earliest anthology of Chinese poetry, the Book of Songs; * early narrative and philosophy, including the I Ching, Tao-te Ching, and the Analects of Confucius; * rhapsodies, historical writings, magical biographies, ballads, poetry, and miscellaneous prose from the Han and Six Dynasties period; * the court poetry of the Southern Dynasties; * the finest gems of Tang poetry; and * lyrics, stories, and tales of the Sui, Tang, and Five Dynasties eras. Special highlights include individual chapters covering each of the luminaries of Tang poetry: Wang Wei, Li Bo, Du Fu, and Bo Juyi; early literary criticism; women poets from the first to the tenth century C.E.; and the poetry of Zen and the Tao. Bibliographies, explanatory notes, copious illustrations, a chronology of major dynasties, and two-way romanization tables coordinating the Wade-Giles and pinyin transliteration systems provide helpful tools to aid students, teachers, and general readers in exploring this rich tradition of world literature.

The Logic of Images in International Relations

The Logic of Images in International Relations

  • Author: Robert Jervis
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780231069335
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 281
  • View: 3411
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Rational Theory of International Politics

Rational Theory of International Politics

The Logic of Competition and Cooperation

  • Author: Charles L. Glaser
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400835133
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 8354
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Within the realist school of international relations, a prevailing view holds that the anarchic structure of the international system invariably forces the great powers to seek security at one another's expense, dooming even peaceful nations to an unrelenting struggle for power and dominance. Rational Theory of International Politics offers a more nuanced alternative to this view, one that provides answers to the most fundamental and pressing questions of international relations. Why do states sometimes compete and wage war while at other times they cooperate and pursue peace? Does competition reflect pressures generated by the anarchic international system or rather states' own expansionist goals? Are the United States and China on a collision course to war, or is continued coexistence possible? Is peace in the Middle East even feasible? Charles Glaser puts forward a major new theory of international politics that identifies three kinds of variables that influence a state's strategy: the state's motives, specifically whether it is motivated by security concerns or "greed"; material variables, which determine its military capabilities; and information variables, most importantly what the state knows about its adversary's motives. Rational Theory of International Politics demonstrates that variation in motives can be key to the choice of strategy; that the international environment sometimes favors cooperation over competition; and that information variables can be as important as material variables in determining the strategy a state should choose.

Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy

Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy

  • Author: Kenneth A. Schultz
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521796699
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 301
  • View: 3112
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book, first published in 2001, argues that political competition between government and opposition parties influences threats in international crises.

The Cold War and After

The Cold War and After

History, Theory, and the Logic of International Politics

  • Author: Marc Trachtenberg
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691152039
  • Category: History
  • Page: 317
  • View: 8812
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What makes for war or for a stable international system? Are there general principles that should govern foreign policy? In The Cold War and After, Marc Trachtenberg, a leading historian of international relations, explores how historical work can throw light on these questions. The essays in this book deal with specific problems--with such matters as nuclear strategy and U.S.-European relations. But Trachtenberg's main goal is to show how in practice a certain type of scholarly work can be done. He demonstrates how, in studying international politics, the conceptual and empirical sides of the analysis can be made to connect with each other, and �how historical, theoretical, and even policy issues can be tied together in an intellectually respectable way. These essays address a wide variety of topics, from theoretical and policy issues, such as the question of preventive war and the problem of international order, to more historical subjects--for example, American policy on Eastern Europe in 1945 and Franco-American relations during the Nixon-Pompidou period. But in each case the aim is to show how a theoretical perspective can be brought to bear on the analysis of historical issues, and how historical analysis can shed light on basic conceptual problems.

The Logic and Limits of Political Reform in China

The Logic and Limits of Political Reform in China

  • Author: Joseph Fewsmith
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139620428
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3136
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the 1990s China embarked on a series of political reforms intended to increase, however modestly, political participation to reduce the abuse of power by local officials. Although there was initial progress, these reforms have largely stalled and, in many cases, gone backward. If there were sufficient incentives to inaugurate reform, why wasn't there enough momentum to continue and deepen them? This book approaches this question by looking at a number of promising reforms, understanding the incentives of officials at different levels, and the way the Chinese Communist Party operates at the local level. The short answer is that the sort of reforms necessary to make local officials more responsible to the citizens they govern cut too deeply into the organizational structure of the party.

Trust and Mistrust in International Relations

Trust and Mistrust in International Relations

  • Author: Andrew H. Kydd
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691121703
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 7940
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The difference between war and peace can be a matter of trust. States that trust each other can cooperate and remain at peace. States that mistrust each other enough can wage preventive wars, attacking now in fear that the other side will attack in the future. In this groundbreaking book, Andrew Kydd develops a theory of trust in international relations and applies it to the Cold War. Grounded in a realist tradition but arriving at conclusions very different from current realist approaches, this theory is the first systematic game theoretic approach to trust in international relations, and is also the first to explicitly consider how we as external observers should make inferences about the trustworthiness of states. Kydd makes three major claims. First, while trustworthy states may enter conflict, when we see conflict we should become more convinced that the states involved are untrustworthy. Second, strong states, traditionally thought to promote cooperation, can do so only if they are relatively trustworthy. Third, even states that strongly mistrust each other can reassure each other and cooperate provided they are trustworthy. The book's historical chapters focus on the growing mistrust at the beginning of the Cold War. Contrary to the common view that both sides were willing to compromise but failed because of mistrust, Kydd argues that most of the mistrust in the Cold War was justified, because the Soviets were not trustworthy.

Visual Global Politics

Visual Global Politics

  • Author: Roland Bleiker
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317930886
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 390
  • View: 8481
DOWNLOAD NOW »
We live in a visual age. Images and visual artefacts shape international events and our understanding of them. Photographs, film and television influence how we view and approach phenomena as diverse as war, diplomacy, financial crises and election campaigns. Other visual fields, from art and cartoons to maps, monuments and videogames, frame how politics is perceived and enacted. Drones, satellites and surveillance cameras watch us around the clock and deliver images that are then put to political use. Add to this that new technologies now allow for a rapid distribution of still and moving images around the world. Digital media platforms, such as Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Instagram, play an important role across the political spectrum, from terrorist recruitment drives to social justice campaigns. This book offers the first comprehensive engagement with visual global politics. Written by leading experts in numerous scholarly disciplines and presented in accessible and engaging language, Visual Global Politics is a one-stop source for students, scholars and practitioners interested in understanding the crucial and persistent role of images in today’s world.

The Logic of Violence in Civil War

The Logic of Violence in Civil War

  • Author: Stathis N. Kalyvas
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139456920
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2889
DOWNLOAD NOW »
By analytically decoupling war and violence, this book explores the causes and dynamics of violence in civil war. Against the prevailing view that such violence is an instance of impenetrable madness, the book demonstrates that there is logic to it and that it has much less to do with collective emotions, ideologies, and cultures than currently believed. Kalyvas specifies a novel theory of selective violence: it is jointly produced by political actors seeking information and individual civilians trying to avoid the worst but also grabbing what opportunities their predicament affords them. Violence, he finds, is never a simple reflection of the optimal strategy of its users; its profoundly interactive character defeats simple maximization logics while producing surprising outcomes, such as relative nonviolence in the 'frontlines' of civil war.

Inquiry, Logic, and International Politics

Inquiry, Logic, and International Politics

With a New Preface by Harvey Starr

  • Author: Benjamin A. Most,Harvey Starr
  • Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 1611175933
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 268
  • View: 4469
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Through the use of logic, simulation, and empirical data, Benjamin A. Most and Harvey Starr develop and demonstrate a nuanced and more appropriate conceptualization of explanation in international relations and foreign policy in Inquiry, Logic, and International Politics. They demonstrate that a concern with the logical underpinnings of research raises a series of theoretical, conceptual, and epistemological issues that must be addressed if theory and research design are to meet the challenges of cumulation in the study of international relations (or any area of social science). The authors argue for understanding the critical, yet subtle, interplay of the elements with a research triad composed of theory, logic, and method.

The Logic of Compromise in Mexico

The Logic of Compromise in Mexico

How the Countryside Was Key to the Emergence of Authoritarianism

  • Author: Gladys I. McCormick
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469627752
  • Category: History
  • Page: 300
  • View: 8169
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this political history of twentieth-century Mexico, Gladys McCormick argues that the key to understanding the immense power of the long-ruling Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) is to be found in the countryside. Using newly available sources, including declassified secret police files and oral histories, McCormick looks at large-scale sugar cooperatives in Morelos and Puebla, two major agricultural regions that serve as microcosms of events across the nation. She argues that Mexico's rural peoples, despite shouldering much of the financial burden of modernization policies, formed the PRI regime's most fervent base of support. McCormick demonstrates how the PRI exploited this support, using key parts of the countryside to test and refine instruments of control--including the regulation of protest, manipulation of collective memories of rural communities, and selective application of violence against critics--that it later employed in other areas, both rural and urban. With three peasant leaders, brothers named Ruben, Porfirio, and Antonio Jaramillo, at the heart of her story, McCormick draws a capacious picture of peasant activism, disillusion, and compromise in state formation, revealing the basis for an enduring political culture dominated by the PRI. On a broader level, McCormick demonstrates the connections among modern state building in Latin America, the consolidation of new forms of authoritarian rule, and the deployment of violence on all sides.

The Logic of Positive Engagement

The Logic of Positive Engagement

  • Author: Miroslav Nincic
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801450063
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 211
  • View: 6625
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this book, Miroslav Nincic outlines the efficacy of and the benefits that can flow from positive rather than negative engagement with "rogue" states.

Knowing the Adversary

Knowing the Adversary

Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

  • Author: Keren Yarhi-Milo
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 140085041X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 3918
DOWNLOAD NOW »
States are more likely to engage in risky and destabilizing actions such as military buildups and preemptive strikes if they believe their adversaries pose a tangible threat. Yet despite the crucial importance of this issue, we don't know enough about how states and their leaders draw inferences about their adversaries' long-term intentions. Knowing the Adversary draws on a wealth of historical archival evidence to shed new light on how world leaders and intelligence organizations actually make these assessments. Keren Yarhi-Milo examines three cases: Britain's assessments of Nazi Germany's intentions in the 1930s, America's assessments of the Soviet Union's intentions during the Carter administration, and the Reagan administration's assessments of Soviet intentions near the end of the Cold War. She advances a new theoretical framework—called selective attention—that emphasizes organizational dynamics, personal diplomatic interactions, and cognitive and affective factors. Yarhi-Milo finds that decision makers don't pay as much attention to those aspects of state behavior that major theories of international politics claim they do. Instead, they tend to determine the intentions of adversaries on the basis of preexisting beliefs, theories, and personal impressions. Yarhi-Milo also shows how intelligence organizations rely on very different indicators than decision makers, focusing more on changes in the military capabilities of adversaries. Knowing the Adversary provides a clearer picture of the historical validity of existing theories, and broadens our understanding of the important role that diplomacy plays in international security.

Approaches, Levels, and Methods of Analysis in International Politics

Approaches, Levels, and Methods of Analysis in International Politics

Crossing Boundaries

  • Author: H. Starr
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1403983488
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 348
  • View: 1547
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Leading scholars incorporate domestic and international aims, choices, factors, and processes to explore the advantages of crossing methodological and analytical boundaries to gain a better understanding of international relations. They examine the complexity of international affairs and consider how scholars should best study it.

The Logic of Anarchy

The Logic of Anarchy

Neorealism to Structural Realism

  • Author: Barry Buzan,Charles A. Jones,Richard Little
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 9780231080415
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 267
  • View: 2670
DOWNLOAD NOW »
-- James Der Derian, University of Massachusetts

Games nations play

Games nations play

analyzing international politics

  • Author: John W. Spanier
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 585
  • View: 8198
DOWNLOAD NOW »

International Security in Practice

International Security in Practice

The Politics of NATO-Russia Diplomacy

  • Author: Vincent Pouliot
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139484419
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3871
DOWNLOAD NOW »
How do once bitter enemies move beyond entrenched rivalry at the diplomatic level? In one of the first attempts to apply practice theory to the study of International Relations, Vincent Pouliot builds on Pierre Bourdieu's sociology to devise a theory of practice of security communities and applies it to post-Cold War security relations between NATO and Russia. Based on dozens of interviews and a thorough analysis of recent history, Pouliot demonstrates that diplomacy has become a normal, though not a self-evident, practice between the two former enemies. He argues that this limited pacification is due to the intense symbolic power struggles that have plagued the relationship ever since NATO began its process of enlargement at the geographical and functional levels. So long as Russia and NATO do not cast each other in the roles that they actually play together, security community development is bound to remain limited.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

The Construction of Power and the Struggle for the East Asian International Order

  • Author: M. Wan
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137593873
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 132
  • View: 5885
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book assesses the strategic significance of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) by examining the logic of international power and order, historic trends in East Asian international relations, the AIIB's design in comparison to 'rival' financial institutions such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, recent tendencies in Chinese foreign policy, and the Chinese system of political economy. It focuses on how China 'constructs' international arrangements at a critical juncture in history compared to other great powers, especially the United States and Japan. Viewed in isolation, the AIIB does not represent a radical departure from the existing international order; it is a hybrid institution built on China's integration into the West-dominated international structure and conditioned by the global financial market. But the AIIB does draw in part from a different institutional lineage, a different historical root, and a different national system of political economy. In this context, China's greater success will constitute a partial change to the existing international order, whatever the Chinese intention.