Search Results for "the-logic-of-violence-in-civil-war-cambridge-studies-in-comparative-politics"

The Logic of Violence in Civil War

The Logic of Violence in Civil War

  • Author: Stathis N. Kalyvas
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139456920
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4991
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By analytically decoupling war and violence, this book explores the causes and dynamics of violence in civil war. Against the prevailing view that such violence is an instance of impenetrable madness, the book demonstrates that there is logic to it and that it has much less to do with collective emotions, ideologies, and cultures than currently believed. Kalyvas specifies a novel theory of selective violence: it is jointly produced by political actors seeking information and individual civilians trying to avoid the worst but also grabbing what opportunities their predicament affords them. Violence, he finds, is never a simple reflection of the optimal strategy of its users; its profoundly interactive character defeats simple maximization logics while producing surprising outcomes, such as relative nonviolence in the 'frontlines' of civil war.

Insurgent Collective Action and Civil War in El Salvador

Insurgent Collective Action and Civil War in El Salvador

  • Author: Elisabeth Jean Wood
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521010504
  • Category: History
  • Page: 308
  • View: 5319
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Wood's model places emotions and morals at the heart of collective action.

Ethnic Politics and State Power in Africa

Ethnic Politics and State Power in Africa

  • Author: Philip Roessler
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107176077
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 420
  • View: 2190
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This book models the trade-off that rulers of weak, ethnically-divided states face between coups and civil war. Drawing evidence from extensive field research in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo combined with statistical analysis of most African countries, it develops a framework to understand the causes of state failure.

Über den Staat

Über den Staat

Vorlesungen am Collège de France 1989–1992

  • Author: Pierre Bourdieu
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518737678
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 700
  • View: 6161
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Kaum ein Wissenschaftler war politisch so engagiert wie Pierre Bourdieu. Umso mehr überrascht es, dass er dem Staat keine eigene Monographie gewidmet hat. Dass er sich dennoch intensiv mit dem Thema beschäftigte, belegen seine Vorlesungen am Collège de France, deren fulminanter Auftakt Über den Staat bildet. Bourdieu geht es sowohl um Fragen der Methodologie und Theorie bei der Untersuchung des Staates als Forschungsobjekt als auch um die historische Genese dieser Institution. Er analysiert zentrale Unterscheidungen wie die zwischen öffentlich und privat sowie den Einfluss der Massenmedien. Über den Staat ist eine große Synthese – und das eigentliche Hauptwerk Bourdieus zur politischen Soziologie.

Votes and Violence

Votes and Violence

Electoral Competition and Ethnic Riots in India

  • Author: Steven I. Wilkinson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521536059
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 293
  • View: 2242
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This book explains the relationship between Hindu-Muslim riots and elections in India.

Rethinking Violence: States and Non-State Actors in Conflict

Rethinking Violence: States and Non-State Actors in Conflict

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262265753
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1865
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Violence as a Generative Force

Violence as a Generative Force

Identity, Nationalism, and Memory in a Balkan Community

  • Author: Max Bergholz
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501706438
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 456
  • View: 6555
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During two terrifying days and nights in early September 1941, the lives of nearly two thousand men, women, and children were taken savagely by their neighbors in Kulen Vakuf, a small rural community straddling today's border between northwest Bosnia and Croatia. This frenzy—in which victims were butchered with farm tools, drowned in rivers, and thrown into deep vertical caves—was the culmination of a chain of local massacres that began earlier in the summer. In Violence as a Generative Force, Max Bergholz tells the story of the sudden and perplexing descent of this once peaceful multiethnic community into extreme violence. This deeply researched microhistory provides provocative insights to questions of global significance: What causes intercommunal violence? How does such violence between neighbors affect their identities and relations? Contrary to a widely held view that sees nationalism leading to violence, Bergholz reveals how the upheavals wrought by local killing actually created dramatically new perceptions of ethnicity—of oneself, supposed "brothers," and those perceived as "others." As a consequence, the violence forged new communities, new forms and configurations of power, and new practices of nationalism. The history of this community was marked by an unexpected explosion of locally executed violence by the few, which functioned as a generative force in transforming the identities, relations, and lives of the many. The story of this largely unknown Balkan community in 1941 provides a powerful means through which to rethink fundamental assumptions about the interrelationships among ethnicity, nationalism, and violence, both during World War II and more broadly throughout the world.

Soziologie - Kapitalismus - Kritik

Soziologie - Kapitalismus - Kritik

Eine Debatte

  • Author: Klaus Dörre,Stephan Lessenich,Hartmut Rosa
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 351873234X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 327
  • View: 6783
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Einst gehörte es zu den zentralen Aufgaben der Soziologie, die moderne Gesellschaft über die sozialen Voraussetzungen und Konsequenzen ihrer Krisenhaftigkeit aufzuklären. Diesem heute oft vernachlässigten Anliegen fühlen sich die Autoren dieses Bandes verpflichtet und stellen die Frage nach dem zeitdiagnostischen Potential soziologischer Analyse in den Mittelpunkt einer Debatte. Zeitdiagnostisch fundierte Gesellschaftskritik, so eine ihrer Thesen, gehört zum Kerngeschäft der Soziologie. Eine zweite besagt, daß jede Gesellschaftskritik der Gegenwart notwendig auch Kapitalismuskritik sein muß. Anhand von drei unterschiedlichen, aber komplementären Perspektiven auf aktuelle Prozesse der Landnahme, der Aktivierung und der Beschleunigung wird eine soziologische Kritik der Gegenwartsgesellschaft entfaltet, die zugleich Ansatzpunkte für politisches Handeln aufzeigt.

The Logic of Ethnic and Religious Conflict in Africa

The Logic of Ethnic and Religious Conflict in Africa

  • Author: John F. McCauley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107175011
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 255
  • View: 4486
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The book is aimed at students and scholars of conflict, Africa, ethnic politics, and religion. It may also appeal to religious and political leaders. It proposes a new perspective on how ethnicity and religion shape political outcomes and violence in Africa, adding psychological elements to standard political science arguments.

Vergleichen in der Politikwissenschaft

Vergleichen in der Politikwissenschaft

  • Author: Sabine Kropp,Michael Minkenberg
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3322804410
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 322
  • View: 5065
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Im vorliegenden Band werden quantitative und qualitative Perspektiven sowie aktuelle Forschungsfragen der vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft zusammengeführt und anhand verschiedener Anwendungsfälle diskutiert.

Geschichte der Universität in Europa

Geschichte der Universität in Europa

  • Author: Walter Rüegg,Asa Briggs
  • Publisher: C.H.Beck
  • ISBN: 9783406369537
  • Category: Education, Higher
  • Page: 542
  • View: 1165
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Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.

Darfur

Darfur

der "uneindeutige" Genozid

  • Author: Gérard Prunier
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783936096668
  • Category:
  • Page: 274
  • View: 7576
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Why Peace Fails

Why Peace Fails

The Causes and Prevention of Civil War Recurrence

  • Author: Charles T. Call
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 9781589018952
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 9055
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Why does peace fail? More precisely, why do some countries that show every sign of having successfully emerged from civil war fall once again into armed conflict? What explains why peace "sticks" after some wars but not others? In this illuminating study, Charles T. Call examines the factors behind fifteen cases of civil war recurrence in Africa, Asia, the Caucasus, and Latin America. He argues that widely touted explanations of civil war—such as poverty, conflict over natural resources, and weak states—are far less important than political exclusion. Call’s study shows that inclusion of former opponents in postwar governance plays a decisive role in sustained peace. Why Peace Fails ultimately suggests that the international community should resist the temptation to prematurely withdraw resources and peacekeepers after a transition from war. Instead, international actors must remain fully engaged with postwar elected governments, ensuring that they make room for former enemies.

Genocide Matters

Genocide Matters

Ongoing Issues and Emerging Perspectives

  • Author: Joyce Apsel,Ernesto Verdeja
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135920133
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 2653
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This edited book provides an interdisciplinary overview of recent scholarship in the field of genocide studies. The book examines four main areas: The current state of research on genocide New thinking on the categories and methods of mass violence Developments in teaching about genocide Critical analyses of military humanitarian interventions and post-violence justice and reconciliation The combination of critical scholarship and innovative approaches to familiar subjects makes this essential reading for all students and scholars in the field of genocide studies.

The Afghan Way of War

The Afghan Way of War

How and Why They Fight

  • Author: Robert Johnson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199912564
  • Category: History
  • Page: 400
  • View: 6620
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Focusing on key episodes in Afghanistan's long history of conflict with foreign forces from the early nineteenth century to the present, this book sheds new light on the Afghan "Way of War." Robert Johnson shows that, contrary to the stereotypes of primitive warriors enflamed with religious fanaticism, Afghan warfare has been marked by constant change as Afghani methods evolved to face new threats. From the dynastic struggles and popular resistance movements of the nineteenth century to the ideological confrontations of recent decades, Afghans have long resisted political coercion, military intervention, and foreign influence. To do so, they have developed sophisticated strategic approaches to deal with both internal unrest and foreign intrusion, while at the tactical level outthinking and outfighting their opponents at every step. The final part of the book, which deals with how the Taliban has contested Western intervention by borrowing from traditions in Afghan history and culture, will be of considerable topical interest in light of the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan.

Postcommunism from Within

Postcommunism from Within

Social Justice, Mobilization, and Hegemony

  • Author: Jan Kubik,Amy Linch
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 081470834X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 9496
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While the decline of communism in the late twentieth century brought democracy, political freedom, and better economic prospects for many people, it also produced massive social dislocation and engendered social problems that were far less pronounced under the old regimes. The fall of state socialism led to enormously complex political, economic, social, and cultural transformations, and while political liberalization was a lofty goal, it was neither uniform in its effects nor unqualified in its benefits. Postcommunism from Within foregrounds the diversity of the historical experiences and current realities of people in the postcommunist region in examining how they are responding to these monumental changes at home. The original essays in this volume lay out a bold new approach to research on the postcommunist region, and to democratization studies more broadly, that focuses on the social and cultural microprocesses behind political and economic transformation. Thematic essays by eminent scholars of postcommunism from across the social sciences are supported by case studies to demonstrate the limitations of current democratization paradigms and suggest ways of building categories of research that more closely capture the role of vernacular knowledge in demanding, creating, and adapting to institutional change. A novel approach to understanding one of the greatest political and social transformations in recent history, Postcommunism from Within explores not just how citizens respond to political and economic restructuring engineered at the top but also how people enact their own visions of life, politics, and justice by responding to daily challenges.

Post-coflict [i.e. Conflict] Constitutional Design in Plural Societies

Post-coflict [i.e. Conflict] Constitutional Design in Plural Societies

Signals and Expectations Among Elites and Mass Publics

  • Author: Daniel Francis Madden
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 56
  • View: 2128
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Aufstieg und Niedergang von Nationen

Aufstieg und Niedergang von Nationen

ökonomisches Wachstum, Stagflation und soziale Starrheit

  • Author: Mancur Olson
  • Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
  • ISBN: 9783161485237
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 328
  • View: 3275
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Understanding Civil Wars

Understanding Civil Wars

Continuity and change in intrastate conflict

  • Author: Edward Newman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134715420
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 1913
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This volume explores the nature of civil war in the modern world and in historical perspective. Civil wars represent the principal form of armed conflict since the end of the Second World War, and certainly in the contemporary era. The nature and impact of civil wars suggests that these conflicts reflect and are also a driving force for major societal change. In this sense, Understanding Civil Wars: Continuity and change in intrastate conflict argues that the nature of civil war is not fundamentally changing in nature. The book includes a thorough consideration of patterns and types of intrastate conflict and debates relating to the causes, impact, and ‘changing nature’ of war. A key focus is on the political and social driving forces of such conflict and its societal meanings, significance and consequences. The author also explores methodological and epistemological challenges related to studying and understanding intrastate war. A range of questions and debates are addressed. What is the current knowledge regarding the causes and nature of armed intrastate conflict? Is it possible to produce general, cross-national theories on civil war which have broad explanatory relevance? Is the concept of ‘civil wars’ empirically meaningful in an era of globalization and transnational war? Has intrastate conflict fundamentally changed in nature? Are there historical patterns in different types of intrastate conflict? What are the most interesting methodological trends and debates in the study of armed intrastate conflict? How are narratives about the causes and nature of civil wars constructed around ideas such as ethnic conflict, separatist conflict and resource conflict? This book will be of much interest to students of civil wars, intrastate conflict, security studies and international relations in general.

Vordenker der Vernichtung

Vordenker der Vernichtung

Auschwitz und die deutschen Pläne für eine neue europäische Ordnung

  • Author: Götz Aly,Susanne Heim
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 310402572X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 528
  • View: 2543
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Das Standardwerk über die junge Planungselite des Holocaust Es waren Tausende Professoren, Nachwuchswissenschaftler und Technokraten, die 1933 bis 1945 am Gemeinschaftsprojekt Großdeutschland begeistert arbeiteten. Junge, karrierebewusste Ernährungsfachleute, Ökonomen und andere Vordenker des NS-Staats betrachteten Europa als überbevölkerten, weithin rückständigen Kontinent, der von Deutschland beherrscht und modernisiert werden müsse. Die „Entjudung“ nutzten sie als Mittel zur Bereicherung und zur Rationalisierung der Wirtschaft. Die Ingenieure der Neuordnung drängten darauf, Grenzen zu verschieben, viele zehn Millionen Juden und Slawen zu deportieren, um für die übergroße Mehrheit der Deutschen bessere Lebensverhältnisse zu schaffen.