Search Results for "the-magna-carta-manifesto"

The Magna Carta Manifesto

The Magna Carta Manifesto

Liberties and Commons for All

  • Author: Peter Linebaugh
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520260007
  • Category: History
  • Page: 376
  • View: 4052
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History.

Common

Common

On Revolution in the 21st Century

  • Author: Pierre Dardot,Christian Laval
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1474238629
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 496
  • View: 1687
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Around the globe, contemporary protest movements are contesting the oligarchic appropriation of natural resources, public services, and shared networks of knowledge and communication. These struggles raise the same fundamental demand and rest on the same irreducible principle: the common. In this exhaustive account, Pierre Dardot and Christian Laval show how the common has become the defining principle of alternative political movements in the 21st century. In societies deeply shaped by neoliberal rationality, the common is increasingly invoked as the operative concept of practical struggles creating new forms of democratic governance. In a feat of analytic clarity, Dardot and Laval dissect and synthesize a vast repository on the concept of the commons, from the fields of philosophy, political theory, economics, legal theory, history, theology, and sociology. Instead of conceptualizing the common as an essence of man or as inherent in nature, the thread developed by Dardot and Laval traces the active lives of human beings: only a practical activity of commoning can decide what will be shared in common and what rules will govern the common's citizen-subjects. This re-articulation of the common calls for nothing less than the institutional transformation of society by society: it calls for a revolution.

Die vielköpfige Hydra

Die vielköpfige Hydra

die verborgene Geschichte des revolutionären Atlantiks

  • Author: Peter Linebaugh,Marcus Rediker
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783935936651
  • Category:
  • Page: 427
  • View: 2269
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The Oxford Handbook of Public History

The Oxford Handbook of Public History

  • Author: James B. Gardner,Paula Hamilton
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190673788
  • Category: History
  • Page: 640
  • View: 9612
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The Oxford Handbook of Public History introduces the major debates within public history; the methods and sources that comprise a public historian's tool kit; and exemplary examples of practice. It views public history as a dynamic process combining historical research and a wide range of work with and for the public, informed by a conceptual context. The editors acknowledge the imprecision bedeviling attempts to define public history, and use this book as an opportunity to shape the field by taking a deliberately broad view. They include professional historians who work outside the academy in a range of institutions and sites, and those who are politically committed to communicating history to the wide range of audiences. This volume provides the information and inspiration needed by a practitioner to succeed in the wide range of workplaces that characterizes public history today, for university teachers of public history to assist their students, and for working public historians to keep up to date with recent research. This handbook locates public history as a professional practice within an intellectual framework that is increasingly transnational, technological, and democratic. While the nation state remains the primary means of identification, increased mobility and the digital revolution have occasioned a much broader outlook and awareness of the world beyond national borders. It addresses squarely the tech-savvy, media-literate citizens of the world, the"digital natives" of the twenty-first century, in a way that recognizes the revolution in shared authority that has swept museum work, oral history, and much of public history practice. This volume also provides both currently practicing historians and those entering the field a map for understanding the historical landscape of the future: not just to the historiographical debates of the academy but also the boom in commemoration and history outside the academy evident in many countries since the 1990s, which now constitutes the historical culture in each country. Public historians need to understand both contexts, and to negotiate their implications for questions of historical authority and the public historian's work. The boom in popular history is characterized by a significant increase in both making and consuming history in a range of historical activities such as genealogy, family history, and popular collecting; cultural tourism, historic sites, and memorial museums; increased memorialization, both formal and informal, from roadside memorials to state funded shrines and memorial Internet sites; increased publication of historical novels, biographies, and movies and TV series set in the past. Much of this, as well as a vast array of new community cultural projects, has been facilitated by the digital technologies that have increased the accessibility of historical information, the democratization of practice, and the demand for sharing authority.

Stop, Thief!

Stop, Thief!

The Commons, Enclosures, and Resistance

  • Author: Peter Linebaugh
  • Publisher: PM Press
  • ISBN: 1604869011
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 3171
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In bold and intelligently written essays, historian Peter Linebaugh takes aim at the thieves of land, the polluters of the seas, the ravagers of the forests, the despoilers of rivers, and the removers of mountaintops. From Thomas Paine to the Luddites and from Karl Marx—who concluded his great study of capitalism with the enclosure of commons—to the practical dreamer William Morris who made communism into a verb and advocated communizing industry and agriculture, to the 20th-century communist historian E. P. Thompson, Linebaugh brings to life the vital commonist tradition. He traces the red thread from the great revolt of commoners in 1381 to the enclosures of Ireland, and the American commons, where European immigrants who had been expelled from their commons met the immense commons of the native peoples and the underground African American urban commons, and all the while urges the ancient spark of resistance.

Common Wealth

Common Wealth

Das Ende des Eigentums

  • Author: Michael Hardt,Antonio Negri
  • Publisher: Campus Verlag
  • ISBN: 3593391694
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 437
  • View: 2599
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In der momentanen Krise wächst das gesellschaftliche Unbehagen am Kapitalismus. Viele Menschen fragen jetzt nach einer menschlicheren Alternative des Zusammenlebens. Eine Gesellschaft jenseits von Maximen wie Profit, Konkurrenz und Besitzdenken - ist das möglich? Michael Hardt und Antonio Negri, Autoren des Bestsellers äEmpireä, entwickeln in ihrem neuen grossen Werk einen provozierend optimistischen Gesellschaftsentwurf. Dieser beruht nicht mehr auf dem neoliberalen Gegensatz von Privatbesitz und öffentlichem Eigentum, sondern auf der Idee des Gemeinsamen (äcommonä). Ressourcen wie Wasser, Luft und Pflanzen und immaterielle Güter wie Wissen und Information gehören uns allen. Wenn wir sie teilen, wird der Weg frei für eine gerechtere Gesellschaft, an der alle partizipieren können. Im Streit um das politische Profil des 21. Jahrhunderts bieten die Autoren ein zentrales Gegengewicht zu all jenen, die uns weismachen wollen, dass die derzeitige Politik- und Wirtschaftsform die einzig mögliche sei.

Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft

Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft

Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus

  • Author: Jeremy Rifkin
  • Publisher: Campus Verlag
  • ISBN: 3593425165
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 525
  • View: 5502
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Teilen ist das neue Besitzen Der Kapitalismus geht zu Ende? Eine gewagte These! Doch wer könnte eine solch spannende Zukunftsvision mit Leben füllen? Jeremy Rifkin - Regierungsberater, Zukunftsvisionär und Bestsellerautor. Kurz: "einer der 150 einflussreichsten Intellektuellen der Welt" (National Journal). Rifkin ist überzeugt: Das Ende des Kapitalismus kommt nicht von heute auf morgen, aber dennoch unaufhaltsam. Die Zeichen dafür sind längst unübersehbar: - Die Produktionskosten sinken. - Wir leben in einer Share Economy, in der immer mehr das Teilen, Tauschen und Teilnehmen im Fokus steht. - Das Zeitalter der intelligenten Gegenstände - das Internet der Dinge - ist gekommen. Es fördert die Produktivität in einem Maße, dass die Grenzkosten vieler Güter und Dienstleistungen nahezu null sind, was sie praktisch kostenlos macht. - Eine einst auf Knappheit gegründete Ökonomie macht immer mehr einer Ökonomie des Überflusses Platz. Ein neues Buch für eine neue Zeit Jeremy Rifkin fügt in seinem neuen Buch "Die Null-Grenzkosten-Gesellschaft. Das Internet der Dinge, kollaboratives Gemeingut und der Rückzug des Kapitalismus" die Koordinaten der neuen Zeit endlich zu einem erkennbaren Bild zusammen. Aus unserer industriell geprägten erwächst eine globale, gemeinschaftlich orientierte Gesellschaft. In ihr ist Teilen mehr wert als Besitzen, sind Bürger über nationale Grenzen hinweg politisch aktiv und steht das Streben nach Lebensqualität über dem nach Reichtum. Die Befreiung vom Diktat des Eigentums hat begonnen und mit ihr eine neue Zeit. - Wie wird dieser fundamentale Wandel unser Leben verändern? - Wie wird der Wandel unsere Zukunft bestimmen? - Was heißt das schon heute für unseren Alltag? Kein anderer könnte die Zeichen der Zeit besser für uns deuten als der Zukunftsvisionär Rifkin in seinem neuen Buch.

Confronting Ecological and Economic Collapse

Confronting Ecological and Economic Collapse

Ecological Integrity for Law, Policy and Human Rights

  • Author: Laura Westra,Prue Taylor,Agnès Michelot
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135957304
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 344
  • View: 4944
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From the first appearance of the term in law in the Clean Water Act of 1972 (US), ecological integrity has been debated by a wide range of researchers, including biologists, ecologists, philosophers, legal scholars, doctors and epidemiologists, whose joint interest was the study and understanding of ecological/biological integrity from various standpoints and disciplines. This volume discusses the need for ecological integrity as a major guiding principle in a variety of policy areas, to counter the present ecological and economic crises with their multiple effects on human rights. The book celebrates the 20th anniversary of the Global Ecological Integrity Group and reassesses the basic concept of ecological integrity in order to show how a future beyond catastrophe and disaster is in fact possible, but only if civil society and ultimately legal regimes acknowledge the necessity to consider ecointegrity as a primary factor in decision-making. This is key to the support of basic rights to clean air and water, for halting climate change, and also the basic rights of women and indigenous people. As the authors clearly show, all these rights ultimately depend upon accepting policies that acknowledge the pivotal role of ecological integrity.

The Lovers' Quarrel

The Lovers' Quarrel

The Two Foundings and American Political Development

  • Author: Elvin T. Lim
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019932395X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 312
  • View: 5240
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The United States has had not one, but two Foundings. The Constitution produced by the Second Founding came to be only after a vociferous battle between Federalists and Anti-Federalists. The Federalists favored a relatively powerful central government, while the Anti-Federalists distrusted the concentration of power in one place and advocated the preservation of sovereignty in the states as crucibles of post-revolutionary republicanism -- the legacy of the First Founding. This philosophical cleavage has been at the heart of practically every major political conflict in U.S. history, and lives on today in debates between modern liberals and conservatives. In The Lovers' Quarrel, Elvin T. Lim presents a systematic and innovative analysis of this perennial struggle. The framers of the second Constitution, the Federalists, were not operating in an ideational or institutional vacuum; rather, the document they drafted and ratified was designed to remedy the perceived flaws of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. To decouple the Two Foundings is to appreciate that there is no such thing as "original meaning," only original dissent. Because the Anti-Federalists insisted that prior and democratically sanctioned understandings of federalism and union had to be negotiated and partially grafted onto the new Constitution, the Constitution's Articles and the Bill of Rights do not cohere as well together as has conventionally been thought. Rather, they represent two antithetical orientations toward power, liberty, and republicanism. The altercation over the necessity of the Second Founding generated coherent and self-contained philosophies that would become the core of American political thought, reproduced and transmitted across two centuries, whether the victors were the neo-Federalists (such as during the Civil War and the New Deal) or the neo-Anti-Federalists (such as during the Jacksonian era and the Reagan Revolution). The Second Founding -- the sole "founding" that we generally speak of -- would become a template for the unique, prototypically American species of politics and political debate. Because of it, American political development occurs only after the political entrepreneurs of each generation lock horns in a Lovers' Quarrel about the principles of one of the Two Foundings, and succeed in justifying and forging a durable expansion or contraction of federal authority.

Ned Ludd and Queen Mab

Ned Ludd and Queen Mab

  • Author: Peter Linebaugh
  • Publisher: PM Press
  • ISBN: 1604867043
  • Category: History
  • Page: 45
  • View: 6884
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"Peter Linebaugh's great act of historical imagination ... takes the cliché of 'globalization' and makes it live"--Cover.

Persistence of the Negative

Persistence of the Negative

  • Author: Benjamin Noys
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 0748655204
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 208
  • View: 8655
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An original and compelling critique of contemporary Continental theory through a rehabilitation of the negative.

Legalism

Legalism

Community and Justice

  • Author: Fernanda Pirie,Judith Scheele
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191025933
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 260
  • View: 7024
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'Community' and 'justice' recur in anthropological, historical, and legal scholarship, yet as concepts they are notoriously slippery. Historians and lawyers look to anthropologists as 'community specialists', but anthropologists often avoid the concept through circumlocution: although much used (and abused) by historians, legal thinkers, and political philosophers, the term remains strikingly indeterminate and often morally overdetermined. 'Justice', meanwhile, is elusive, alternately invoked as the goal of contemporary political theorizing, and wrapped in obscure philosophical controversy. A conceptual knot emerges in much legal and political thought between law, justice, and community, but theories abound, without any agreement over concepts. The contributors to this volume use empirical case studies to unpick threads of this knot. Local codes from Anglo-Saxon England, north Africa, and medieval Armenia indicate disjunctions between community boundaries and the subjects of local rules and categories; processes of justice from early modern Europe to eastern Tibet suggest new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between law and justice; and practices of exile that recur throughout the world illustrate contingent formulations of community. In the first book in the series, Legalism: Anthropology and History, law was addressed through a focus on local legal categories as conceptual tools. Here this approach is extended to the ideas and ideals of justice and community. Rigorous cross-cultural comparison allows the contributors to avoid normative assumptions, while opening new avenues of inquiry for lawyers, anthropologists, and historians alike.

Die Sakralität der Person

Die Sakralität der Person

Eine neue Genealogie der Menschenrechte

  • Author: Hans Joas
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518754505
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 303
  • View: 616
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Ein hartnäckiger Meinungsstreit der letzten Jahrzehnte dreht sich um die Frage, welchen Ursprungs die Idee der Menschenrechte ist. Verdanken wir sie unserem christlich-jüdischen Erbe oder ist sie eine Erfindung der Aufklärung? Weder das eine noch das andere, behauptet der Sozialtheoretiker Hans Joas und erzählt in seinem Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte der Menschenrechte. Im Stile einer »historischen Soziologie« fördert er dabei eine überraschende dritte Sicht der Dinge zutage: Der Glaube an die universale Menschenwürde ist das Ergebnis eines Prozesses der Sakralisierung, in dessen Verlauf jedes einzelne menschliche Wesen mehr und mehr als heilig angesehen wurde. Diesen Prozeß zeichnet Joas in exemplarischen Studien etwa über die Abschaffung der Sklaverei sowie anhand der Genese paradigmatischer »Erklärungen der Menschenrechte« nach und analysiert ihn als eine komplexe kulturelle Transformation: Erfahrungen von Gut und Böse mußten vor dem Hintergrund unterschiedlicher Werttraditionen diskursiv artikuliert, in Rechten kodifiziert und in Praktiken gelebt werden. Die Menschenrechte, so zeigt sich, sind eben nicht das Ergebnis eines bloßen Konsenses über ein universalistisches Prinzip, sondern entstammen einem langen kulturübergreifenden Gespräch über Werte. Ihre Geschichte setzt sich aus vielen Geschichten zusammen. Hans Joas erzählt sie auf packende Weise und eröffnet damit die Debatte über die Idee der Menschenrechte neu.

Eine Geschichte der Autobombe

Eine Geschichte der Autobombe

  • Author: Mike Davis
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783935936583
  • Category:
  • Page: 232
  • View: 7775
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Caliban und die Hexe

Caliban und die Hexe

Frauen, der Körper und die ursprüngliche Akkumulation

  • Author: Silvia Federici
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783854766704
  • Category:
  • Page: 324
  • View: 4484
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Slump and War

Slump and War

  • Author: Ken Coates
  • Publisher: Spokesman Press
  • ISBN: 9780851247618
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 86
  • View: 9226
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Law and Literature

Law and Literature

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law and literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5491
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Die Rechte des Menschen

Die Rechte des Menschen

Eine Antwort auf Burke's Angriff gegen die französische Revolution u. zugleich eine Kritik des Wesens u. des Werthes der verschied. bestehenden Regierungsformen. Aus dem Englischen. Mit einer Biographie des Verfassers u. einer Vorrede von Friedrich Hecker. [Paine, Thomas]

  • Author: Thomas Paine
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 368
  • View: 7073
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Eine Geschichte der Welt in 100 Objekten

Eine Geschichte der Welt in 100 Objekten

  • Author: Neil MacGregor
  • Publisher: C.H.Beck
  • ISBN: 3406621481
  • Category: History
  • Page: 816
  • View: 4764
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"In diesem Buch machen wir uns auf zu einer Reise zurück in die Vergangenheit und quer über den Globus, um zu erfahren, wie die Menschen in den letzten zwei Millionen Jahren unsere Welt geprägt haben und ihrerseits von ihr geprägt wurden. Diese Geschichte wird ausschließlich erzählt durch Dinge, die Menschen gemacht haben Objekete, die mit großer Sorgfalt hergestellt und dann entweder bewundert und bewahrt oder benutzt, beschädigt und weggeworfen wurden. Ich habe einfach hundert Objekte von verschiedenen Punkten unserer Reise ausgewählt die Bandbreite reicht vom Kochtopf bis zur goldenen Galeone, vom steinzeitlichen Werkzeug bis zur Kreditkarte." Neil MacGregor "Dieses Buch ist so schön, so klug und so richtungweisend, dass es eigentlich in jede Bibliothek gehört." Tim Sommer, art Das Kunstmagazin "MacGregors Geschichte der Welt in 100 Objekten ist eines der wundervollsten Sachbücher der letzten Jahrzehnte." Alexander Cammann, Literaturen "Diese Geschichten sollten nie aufhören." Elisabeth von Thadden, DIE ZEIT "Macht süchtig." Tilman Spreckelsen, Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung