Search Results for "the-meaning-of-culture"

The Meaning of Culture

The Meaning of Culture

Moving the Postmodern Critique Forward

  • Author: Kenneth Allan
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780275961244
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 697
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In review of the major theoretical approaches to culture, Allan argues that the structure of culture has been overemphasized and affect-meaning neglected. This approach to studying culture has as its basis the social construction of meaning and reality and emphasizes micro-level processes and emotion.

Inverse Images

Inverse Images

The Meaning of Culture, Ethnicity, and Family in Postcolonial Guatemala

  • Author: John Hawkins
  • Publisher: Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Ethnicity
  • Page: 470
  • View: 1153
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The Tapestry of Culture

The Tapestry of Culture

An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

  • Author: Abraham Rosman,Paula G. Rubel,Maxine Weisgrau
  • Publisher: Rowman Altamira
  • ISBN: 9780759118515
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 440
  • View: 6261
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The Tapestry of Culture: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology provides students and the interested public with a concise picture of the field of cultural anthropology today. From the first edition of Tapestry of Culture published in the early 1980s until now, anthropology has changed greatly, responding to scholarly and political influences as well as changing generations; the ninth edition reflects this ongoing transformation. The influence of postmodernism has generated new debates over theory and practice in anthropology. The content of Tapestry explains these debates, as well as what is still generally accepted and agreed upon by most anthropologists. This edition provides the instructor, student and lay public with the information necessary to enable them to critically read the literature of anthropology, more specifically ethnographic texts which are still the heart of this field. The approach of the book is to accommodate the various points of view in anthropology today. It shows how the concepts, ideas and behavior of other cultures are translated into our culture's terms. Though today many emphasize each culture's uniqueness, the presence of cultural similarities is compelling. Using a comparative approach, The Tapestry of Culture reveals cultural similarities, as well as the cultural differences.

The Meaning of Culture

The Meaning of Culture

  • Author: John Cowper Powys
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780571272990
  • Category: Civilization
  • Page: 320
  • View: 1499
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John Cowper Powys could never be straightforward or orthodox but here he sets off with a useful purpose. ‘The aim of this book,’ he declares, ‘is to narrow down a vague and somewhat evasive conception, which hitherto, like ‘’aristocracy’’ or ‘’liberty’’, has come to imply a number of contradictory and even paradoxical elements, and to give it, not, of course, a purely logical form, but a concrete, particular, recognizable form, malleable and yielding enough and relative enough, but with a definite and quite unambiguous temper, tone, quality, atmosphere, of its own.’ The book is in two parts: Analysis of Culture which deals with, in separate chapters, Philosophy, Literature, Poetry, Painting and Religion: Application of Culture which covers Happiness, Love, Nature, The Art of Reading, Human Relations, Destiny and Obstacles to Culture.John Cowper Powys hoped ‘that the fine word ‘’culture’’ . . . might lend itself to an easy, humane and liberal discussion – a sort of one-man Platonic symposium – and even turn out to contain, among its various implications, no unworthy clue to the narrow path of the wise upon earth.’ He succeeds completely, in his own idiosyncratic way, in achieving that.‘Mr Powys is to be congratulated on having written a book of the kind that most needs writing and most deserves to be read . . . Here in a dozen chapters of glowing and eloquent prose, Mr Powys describes for very reader that citadel which is himself, and explains to him how it may be strengthened and upheld and on what terms it is most worth upholding. . .’ Manchester Guardian

The Meaning of Race

The Meaning of Race

Race, History and Culture in Western Society

  • Author: Kenan Malik
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 0814755526
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 323
  • View: 652
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Why do people commit crimes? How do we control crime? The theories thatcriminologists use to answer these questions are built on a number ofunderlying assumptions, including those about the nature of crime, freewill, human nature, and society. These assumptions have a fundamentalimpact on criminology: they largely determine what criminologists study,the causes they examine, the control strategies they recommend, and howthey test their theories and evaluate crime-control strategies. InToward a Unified Criminology, noted criminologist Robert Agnewprovides a critical examination of these assumptions, drawing on a rangeof research and perspectives to argue that these assumptions are toorestrictive, unduly limiting the types of "crime" that are explored, thecauses that are considered, and the methods of data collection andanalysis that are employed. As such, they undermine our ability toexplain and control crime. Agnew then proposes an alternative set ofassumptions, drawing heavily on both mainstream and critical theories ofcriminology, with the goal of laying the foundation for a unifiedcriminology that is better able to explain a broader range of crimes.

Cultural Tourism

Cultural Tourism

  • Author: Milena Ivanovic
  • Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd
  • ISBN: 9780702171857
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 340
  • View: 7204
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Stressing the interconnectedness of tourism and culture, this valuable handbook explores what tourism industry professionals need to know to succeed. Globalization, landmark attractions, and cultural heritage are among the topics discussed from both international and local perspectives. Each chapter also concludes with a comprehensive series of self-assessment questions and a proposed task that professionals and students can do to enrich their cultural learning experience.

A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning

A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning

  • Author: Claudia Strauss,Naomi Quinn,American Anthropological Association. Meeting
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521595414
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 323
  • View: 4969
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"Culture" and "meaning" are central to anthropology, but anthropologists do not agree on what they are. Claudia Strauss and Naomi Quinn propose a new theory of cultural meaning, one that gives priority to the way people's experiences are internalized. Drawing on "connectionist" or "neural network" models as well as other psychological theories, they argue that cultural meanings are not fixed or limited to static groups, but neither are they constantly revised or contested. Their approach is illustrated by original research on understandings of marriage and ideas of success in the United States.

Meaning in Culture

Meaning in Culture

  • Author: F. Allan Hanson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136540881
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 144
  • View: 9586
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Meaning in Culture discusses the question of whether 'culture' refers to some superorganic entity that exists in its own right, or is only convenient short-hand for the shared beliefs and behaviour of human individuals. It also investigates the problem of relativism and explores the question of whether anthropology and the other social sciences are really scientific. First published in 1975.

The Meaning and Process of Culture

The Meaning and Process of Culture

  • Author: Govind Chandra Pande
  • Publisher: Agra : Shiva Lal Agarwala
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Civilization
  • Page: 179
  • View: 7188
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Secure Lives

Secure Lives

The Meaning and Importance of Culture in Secure Hospital Care

  • Author: Annie Bartlett
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199640920
  • Category: Forensic psychiatry
  • Page: 384
  • View: 5654
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Though institutional care for people suffering from mental illness was phased out in the last century, mentally disordered offenders remain the exception to this rule. The numbers detained in medium secure care have increased and new initiatives in high secure care have created specialist facilities for individuals thought to be particularly dangerous to other people. This means that the nature of institutional life, and in particular the balance between continuing detention for its own sake and care and treatment designed to allow for discharge to a more normal life in the community, should continue to pre-occupy us. Secure Lives is a unique study of life in a high security hospital, based on original research material obtained in the mid 1990s. Compelling personal accounts from staff and patients, as well as case study material, illustrate the complex culture of a high security hospital. The book explores the complex relationship that exists between staff and patients, the social hierarchy, and life amongst potentially dangerous and mentally ill individuals. Though there are many texts on forensic psychiatry in practice, this book provides a first-hand account of life in an environment never seen by those outside its walls.

The Meaning of Democracy and the Vulnerability of Democracies

The Meaning of Democracy and the Vulnerability of Democracies

A Response to Tocqueville's Challenge

  • Author: Vincent Ostrom
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472084562
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 329
  • View: 4574
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Considers the social requirements for a thriving democracy

The Meanings of Social Life

The Meanings of Social Life

A Cultural Sociology

  • Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0195306406
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 2050
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Presents an approach to how culture works in societies. Exposing our everyday myths and narratives in a series of empirical studies that range from Watergate to the Holocaust, this work shows how these unseen cultural structures translate into concrete actions and institutions.

The Meaning and Culture of Grand Theft Auto

The Meaning and Culture of Grand Theft Auto

Critical Essays

  • Author: Nate Garrelts
  • Publisher: McFarland
  • ISBN: 0786483482
  • Category: Games & Activities
  • Page: 264
  • View: 2208
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The immensely popular Grand Theft Auto game series has inspired a range of reactions among players and commentators, and a hot debate in the popular media. These essays from diverse theoretical perspectives expand the discussion by focusing scholarly analysis on the games, particularly Grand Theft Auto III (GTA3), Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (GTA:VC), and Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (GTA:SA). Part One of the book discusses the fears, lawsuits, legislative proposals, and other public reactions to Grand Theft Auto, detailing the conflict between the developers of adult oriented games and various new forms of censorship. Depictions of race and violence, the pleasure of the carnivalistic gameplay, and the significance of sociopolitical satire in the series are all important elements in this controversy. It is argued that the general perception of digital changed fundamentally following the release of Grand Theft Auto III. The second section of the book approaches the games as they might be studied absent of the controversy. These essays study why and how players meaningfully play Grand Theft Auto games, reflecting on the elements of daily life that are represented in the games. They discuss the connection between game space and real space and the many ways that players mediate the symbols in a game with their minds, computers, and controllers.

Notes Towards the Definition of Culture

Notes Towards the Definition of Culture

  • Author: T. S. Eliot
  • Publisher: HMH
  • ISBN: 054435852X
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 128
  • View: 8243
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This critique of modern society argues that culture must be organic, and cannot be planned or imposed. The word culture has been widely and erroneously employed in political, educational, and journalistic contexts. In helping to define a word so greatly misused, T. S. Eliot contradicts many of our popular assumptions about culture, reminding us that it is not the possession of any one class but of a whole society—and yet its preservation may depend on the continuance of a class system, and that a “classless” society may be a society in which culture has ceased to exist. Surveying the post–World War II world, Eliot finds evidence of decay in cultural standards in every department of human activity, and expects the phenomenon to continue. He suggests that culture and religion have a common root—and if one decays, the other may die too. In observing the superpowers of his day and the course of recent history, he reminds us that “the Russians have been the first modern people to practise the political direction of culture consciously, and to attack at every point the culture of any people whom they wish to dominate.” The appendix includes Eliot’s broadcasts to Europe, ending with a plea to preserve the legacy of Greece, Rome, and Israel, and Europe’s legacy throughout the last two thousand years. “Behind the urbanity, the modesty, the mere good manners of Mr. Eliot’s exposition, one cannot mistake the force and significance of what he has to say, or ignore that it constitutes a fundamental attack on most of our assumptions on the subject.” —The Spectator

Language and Culture

Language and Culture

  • Author: Claire Kramsch,H. G. Widdowson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780194372145
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Page: 134
  • View: 8742
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Recent social and political changes have focused attention on the debate about the relationship between language and culture. This book offers an accessible survey of key concepts such as social context and cultural authenticity, using insights from fields which include linguistics, sociology and anthropology.

Making Sense of Cultural Studies

Making Sense of Cultural Studies

Central Problems and Critical Debates

  • Author: Chris Barker
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9780761968962
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 244
  • View: 9009
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In Chris Barker's sequel to Cultural Studies, the author addresses the strengths and weaknesses of the discipline and investigates its practical and academic boundaries. The author also clarifies its underlying themes of study.

The Meaning of Myth in World Cultures

The Meaning of Myth in World Cultures

  • Author: Michael Buonanno
  • Publisher: McFarland
  • ISBN: 1476633924
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 323
  • View: 6036
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Mythology—circulated in sacred stories (myths) and their reenactments (rituals)—is the basis of any society’s religion, and religion is an essential key to identity. Mythology’s meaning depends on the elaboration of identity in cultural metaphors that are at the same time ecological (arising from a society’s environmental exploitation), sociological (based on indigenous social relations) and ideological (couched in terms of a society’s worldview). But tellingly, these metaphors are embodied in anthropomorphic spirits, fostering a deep sense of identification with those spirits as well as with individuals who share in one’s spiritual devotions. This study examines mythology from a global perspective, citing case studies in cultural traditions from Africa, Europe, Oceania, Native America and elsewhere.

Language, Culture, and Communication

Language, Culture, and Communication

The Meaning of Messages

  • Author: Nancy Bonvillain, Bard College at Simon’s Rock
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 153811481X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 5170
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Using data from cultures and languages throughout the world to highlight both similarities and differences in human languages, Language, Culture and Communication, Eight Edition, explores the many interconnections among language, culture, and communicative meaning.

The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology

  • Author: Jaan Valsiner
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199366225
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 1136
  • View: 682
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The goal of cultural psychology is to explain the ways in which human cultural constructions -- for example, rituals, stereotypes, and meanings -- organize and direct human acting, feeling, and thinking in different social contexts. A rapidly growing, international field of scholarship, cultural psychology is ready for an interdisciplinary, primary resource. Linking psychology, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, and history, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the quintessential volume that unites the variable perspectives from these disciplines. Comprised of over fifty contributed chapters, this book provides a necessary, comprehensive overview of contemporary cultural psychology. Bridging psychological, sociological, and anthropological perspectives, one will find in this handbook: - A concise history of psychology that includes valuable resources for innovation in psychology in general and cultural psychology in particular - Interdisciplinary chapters including insights into cultural anthropology, cross-cultural psychology, culture and conceptions of the self, and semiotics and cultural connections - Close, conceptual links with contemporary biological sciences, especially developmental biology, and with other social sciences - A section detailing potential methodological innovations for cultural psychology By comparing cultures and the (often differing) human psychological functions occuring within them, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the ideal resource for making sense of complex and varied human phenomena.

Meaning and Method

Meaning and Method

The Cultural Approach to Sociology

  • Author: Isaac Reed,Jeffrey C. Alexander
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317256220
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 302
  • View: 6648
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Culture is increasingly important to American social science, but in what way? This book addresses the core issues of the sociology of culture-questions about the social role of meaning, along with those about the methods sociologists use to study culture and society-in a manner that makes clear their relevance to sociology as a whole. Part I consists of essays by leading cultural sociologists on how the turn to culture has changed the sociological study of organizations, economic action, and television, and concludes with Georgina Born's methodological statement on the sociology of art and cultural production. Part II contains a highly original, and at times heated, debate between Richard Biernacki and John H. Evans on the appropriateness of abstract and quantifiable coding schemes for the sociological study of culture. Ranging from the philosophy of science to the concrete, practical problems of interpreting masses of cultural data, the debate raises the controversy over the interpretation of culture and the explanation of social action to a new level of sophistication.