Search Results for "the-measure-and-meaning-of-time-in-mesoamerica-and-the-andes-dumbarton-oaks-pre-columbian-symposia-and-colloquia"

The Measure and Meaning of Time in Mesoamerica and the Andes

The Measure and Meaning of Time in Mesoamerica and the Andes

  • Author: Anthony F. Aveni
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service
  • ISBN: 9780884024033
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 326
  • View: 6912
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Anthony F. Aveni gathers specialists from diverse fields to discuss temporal concepts gleaned from the people of Mesoamerica and the Andes. Essays address how they reckon and register time and how they sense time and its moral dimensions. To them, time is a feature of the process of perception, not just the sharp present ingrained in Western minds.

Merchants, Markets, and Exchange in the Pre-Columbian World

Merchants, Markets, and Exchange in the Pre-Columbian World

  • Author: Kenn Hirth,Joanne Pillsbury
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service
  • ISBN: 9780884023869
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 472
  • View: 5905
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Merchants, Markets, and Exchange in the Pre-Columbian World investigates the complex structure of economic systems in the pre-Hispanic Americas, with a focus on the central highlands of Mexico, the Maya Lowlands, and the central Andes. Essays examine the use of marketplaces, the role of merchants and artisans, and the operation of trade networks.

Making Value, Making Meaning

Making Value, Making Meaning

Techné in the Pre-Columbian World

  • Author: Cathy Lynne Costin
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library & Collection
  • ISBN: 9780884024156
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 496
  • View: 7840
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"Volume based on papers presented at the Pre-Columbian Studies Symposium 'Making Value, Making Meaning: Technae in the Pre-Columbian World, ' held at Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C., on October 11-12, 2013"--Title page verso.

Empire and Domestic Economy

Empire and Domestic Economy

  • Author: Terence N. D'Altroy,Christine A. Hastorf
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 0306471922
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 382
  • View: 3738
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Archaeology in Latin America

Archaeology in Latin America

  • Author: Benjamin Alberti,Gustavo G. Politis
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134597835
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 676
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This pioneering and comprehensive survey is the first overview of current themes in Latin American archaeology written solely by academics native to the region, and it makes their collected expertise available to an English-speaking audience for the first time. The contributors cover the most significant issues in the archaeology of Latin America, such as the domestication of camelids, the emergence of urban society in Mesoamerica, the frontier of the Inca empire, and the relatively little known archaeology of the Amazon basin. This book draws together key areas of research in Latin American archaeological thought into a coherent whole; no other volume on this area has ever dealt with such a diverse range of subjects, and some of the countries examined have never before been the subject of a regional study.

Native Traditions in the Postconquest World

Native Traditions in the Postconquest World

A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 2nd Through 4th October 1992

  • Author: Elizabeth Hill Boone,Tom Cummins
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks
  • ISBN: 9780884022398
  • Category: History
  • Page: 480
  • View: 2554
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"Important anthology marking, but not celebrating, the Columbian Quincentenary, directing attention to indigenous cultural responses to the Spanish intrusion in Mexico and Peru, utilizing as much as possible native documents and sources, and exploring men

Past Presented

Past Presented

Archaeological Illustration and the Ancient Americas

  • Author: Joanne Pillsbury
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service
  • ISBN: 9780884023807
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 498
  • View: 7022
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"Volume based on papers presented at the symposium "Past Presented: A Symposium on the History of Archaeological Illustration," held at the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C., on October 9-10, 2009."

The People’s Zion

The People’s Zion

Southern Africa, the United States, and a Transatlantic Faith-Healing Movement

  • Author: Joel Cabrita
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674985761
  • Category: History
  • Page: 340
  • View: 3653
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In The People’s Zion, Joel Cabrita tells the transatlantic story of Southern Africa’s largest popular religious movement, Zionism. It began in Zion City, a utopian community established in 1900 just north of Chicago. The Zionist church, which promoted faith healing, drew tens of thousands of marginalized Americans from across racial and class divides. It also sent missionaries abroad, particularly to Southern Africa, where its uplifting spiritualism and pan-racialism resonated with urban working-class whites and blacks. Circulated throughout Southern Africa by Zion City’s missionaries and literature, Zionism thrived among white and black workers drawn to Johannesburg by the discovery of gold. As in Chicago, these early devotees of faith healing hoped for a color-blind society in which they could acquire equal status and purpose amid demoralizing social and economic circumstances. Defying segregation and later apartheid, black and white Zionists formed a uniquely cosmopolitan community that played a key role in remaking the racial politics of modern Southern Africa. Connecting cities, regions, and societies usually considered in isolation, Cabrita shows how Zionists on either side of the Atlantic used the democratic resources of evangelical Christianity to stake out a place of belonging within rapidly-changing societies. In doing so, they laid claim to nothing less than the Kingdom of God. Today, the number of American Zionists is small, but thousands of independent Zionist churches counting millions of members still dot the Southern African landscape.

Surviving Sudden Environmental Change

Surviving Sudden Environmental Change

  • Author: Jago Cooper,Payson Sheets
  • Publisher: University Press of Colorado
  • ISBN: 1457117266
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1526
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Archaeologists have long encountered evidence of natural disasters through excavation and stratigraphy. In Surviving Sudden Environmental Change, case studies examine how eight different past human communities—ranging from Arctic to equatorial regions, from tropical rainforests to desert interiors, and from deep prehistory to living memory—faced, and coped with, such dangers. Many disasters originate from a force of nature, such as an earthquake, cyclone, tsunami, volcanic eruption, drought, or flood. But that is only half of the story; decisions of people and their particular cultural lifeways are the rest. Sociocultural factors are essential in understanding risk, impact, resilience, reactions, and recoveries from massive sudden environmental changes. By using deep-time perspectives provided by interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides a rich temporal background to the human experience of environmental hazards and disasters. In addition, each chapter is followed by an abstract summarizing the important implications for today’s management practices and providing recommendations for policy makers. Publication supported in part by the National Science Foundation.

Social Patterns in Pre-classic Mesoamerica

Social Patterns in Pre-classic Mesoamerica

A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 9 and 10 October 1993

  • Author: David C. Grove,Rosemary A. Joyce,Dumbarton Oaks
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks
  • ISBN: 9780884022527
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 438
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Collects ten articles from the 1993 conference (exact date not noted) devoted to the Pre-Classic Olmec civilization and neighboring populations. Among the topics treated are evidence of the growth of textile production as a window into the formalization of separated gender identity, similar looks into the origins of specialized building practices, the processes of the introduction of monumental architecture, and the growth of elites that could exercise coercive power. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Emergence and Change in Early Urban Societies

Emergence and Change in Early Urban Societies

  • Author: Linda R. Manzanilla
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1489918485
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 302
  • View: 2813
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This book gives an overview of different factors involved in the emergence and change in early urban societies in fourth-millennium Mesopotamia and Egypt; pre-Shang China; Classie horizon Central Mexico, Oaxaca, and the Maya Area; and Middle Horizon societies in the Andean Region. These factors range from centralized storage and redistributive econo mies, agromanagerial models, mercantile network control, confliet and conquest, conversion of military commanders into administrators, political power through monumental cosmic reproduction, and elite power through ideological change. It discusses specific archaeological data useful in theoretieal construction. In the Introduction, a discussion of different developmental processes of urban societies is made. The Eastern Anatolian example emphasizes the role played by interregional exchange networks linking the Mesopotamian plains with the Syro-Anatolian regions. The emergence of an elite is related with the control of the movement of craft goods and raw materials, more than with the appropriation of subsistence goods. The Chinese example stresses the importance of conflict provoked by demographie pressures on resources. The Mesoamerican cases relate to vast urban developments and manu facturing centers, ideological importance of monumental planning, and changing behavior of elites. The Andean cases are related either to the transformation of theocratie leadership into military administrators oe to the agricultural intensification model.

Astronomers, Scribes, and Priests

Astronomers, Scribes, and Priests

Intellectual Interchange Between the Northern Maya Lowlands and Highland Mexico in the Late Postclassic Period

  • Author: Gabrielle Vail,Christine L. Hernández
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780884023463
  • Category: History
  • Page: 431
  • View: 2654
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Astronomers, Scribes, and Priests examines evidence for cultural interchange among the intellectual powerbrokers in Postclassic Mesoamerica, specifically those centered in the northern Maya lowlands and the central Mexican highlands. Contributors to the volume’s thirteen chapters bring an interdisciplinary perspective to understanding the interactions that led to shared content in hieroglyphic codices and mural art. The authors address similarities in artifacts, architectural styles, and building alignments—often produced in regions separated by hundreds of miles—based on their analyses of iconographic, archaeological, linguistic, and epigraphic material. The volume includes a wealth of new data and interpretive frameworks in this comprehensive discussion of a critical time period in the Mesoamerican past.

Archaeology at the Millennium

Archaeology at the Millennium

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Gary M. Feinman,T. Douglas Price
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 038772611X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 508
  • View: 902
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In this book an internationally distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the discipline of archaeology at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. The chapters address a wide range of topics including, paradigms, practice, and relevance of the discipline; paleoanthropology; fully modern humans; holocene hunter-gatherers; the transition to food and craft production; social inequality; warfare; state and empire formation; and the uneasy relationship between classical and anthropological archaeology.

A Pre-Columbian World

A Pre-Columbian World

  • Author: Jeffrey Quilter,Mary Ellen Miller
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 395
  • View: 1410
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The articles in this book conceptualize the ancient New World through new and varied approaches, from iconography to the history of anthropology. The many essays in this volume explore the vast vista of the Pre-Columbian world, including representations of history, memory, and knowledge in Andean visual imagery and Pre-Columbian narrative, the ideology of rain making, and Maya beliefs about animal transformations.

Their Way of Writing

Their Way of Writing

Scripts, Signs, and Pictographies in Pre-Columbian America

  • Author: Elizabeth Hill Boone,Gary Urton
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Pub Service
  • ISBN: 9780884023685
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Page: 412
  • View: 9685
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Based on papers presented at the Pre-Columbian Studies Symposium Scripts, Signs, and Notational Systems in Pre-Columbian America held at Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C., on October 11-12, 2008.

The Place of Stone Monuments

The Place of Stone Monuments

Context, Use, and Meaning in Mesoamerica's Preclassic Transition

  • Author: Julia Guernsey,John E. Clark,Bárbara Arroyo
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780884023647
  • Category: History
  • Page: 358
  • View: 6199
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This volume considers the significance of stone monuments in Preclassic Mesoamerica, focusing on the period following the precocious appearance of monumental sculpture at the Olmec site of San Lorenzo and preceding the rise of the Classic polities in the Maya region and Central Mexico. By quite literally “placing” sculptures in their cultural, historical, social, political, religious, and cognitive contexts, the seventeen contributors utilize archaeological and art historical methods to understand the origins, growth, and spread of civilization in Middle America. They present abundant new data and new ways of thinking about sculpture and society in Preclassic Mesoamerica, and call into question the traditional dividing line between Preclassic and Classic cultures. They offer not only a fruitful way of rethinking the beginnings of civilization in Mesoamerica, but provide a series of detailed discussions concerning how these beginnings were dynamically visualized through sculptural programming during the Preclassic period.

The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs

The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs

  • Author: Deborah L. Nichols,William J Bryant 1925 Professor of Anthropology at Dartmouth College Deborah L Nichols,Enrique Rodríguez-Alegría
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199341966
  • Category: Aztecs
  • Page: 760
  • View: 3483
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The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs, the first of its kind, provides a current overview of recent research on the Aztec empire, the best documented prehispanic society in the Americas. Chapters span from the establishment of Aztec city-states to the encounter with the Spanish empire and the Colonial period that shaped the modern world. Articles in the Handbook take up new research trends and methodologies and current debates. The Handbook articles are divided into seven parts. Part I, Archaeology of the Aztecs, introduces the Aztecs, as well as Aztec studies today, including the recent practice of archaeology, ethnohistory, museum studies, and conservation. The articles in Part II, Historical Change, provide a long-term view of the Aztecs starting with important predecessors, the development of Aztec city-states and imperialism, and ending with a discussion of the encounter of the Aztec and Spanish empires. Articles also discuss Aztec notions of history, writing, and time. Part III, Landscapes and Places, describes the Aztec world in terms of its geography, ecology, and demography at varying scales from households to cities. Part IV, Economic and Social Relations in the Aztec Empire, discusses the ethnic complexity of the Aztec world and social and economic relations that have been a major focus of archaeology. Articles in Part V, Aztec Provinces, Friends, and Foes, focuses on the Aztec's dynamic relations with distant provinces, and empires and groups that resisted conquest, and even allied with the Spanish to overthrow the Aztec king. This is followed by Part VI, Ritual, Belief, and Religion, which examines the different beliefs and rituals that formed Aztec religion and their worldview, as well as the material culture of religious practice. The final section o

Smoke, Flames, and the Human Body in Mesoamerican Ritual Practice

Smoke, Flames, and the Human Body in Mesoamerican Ritual Practice

  • Author: Vera Tiesler,Andrew K. Scherer
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library & Collection
  • ISBN: 9780884024262
  • Category: Aztecs
  • Page: 300
  • View: 9362
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Smoke, Flames, and the Human Body in Mesoamerican Ritual Practice address the traditions, circumstances, and practices that involved the burning of bodies and bone, to better understand the ideologies behind these acts. It brings together scholars working across Mesoamerica with different methodologies and interdisciplinary lenses.

The Native Languages of South America

The Native Languages of South America

Origins, Development, Typology

  • Author: Loretta O'Connor,Pieter Muysken
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139867989
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5898
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In South America indigenous languages are extremely diverse. There are over one hundred language families in this region alone. Contributors from around the world explore the history and structure of these languages, combining insights from archaeology and genetics with innovative linguistic analysis. The book aims to uncover regional patterns and potential deeper genealogical relations between the languages. Based on a large-scale database of features from sixty languages, the book analyses major language families such as Tupian and Arawakan, as well as the Quechua/Aymara complex in the Andes, the Isthmo-Colombian region and the Andean foothills. It explores the effects of historical change in different grammatical systems and fills gaps in the World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) database, where South American languages are underrepresented. An important resource for students and researchers interested in linguistics, anthropology and language evolution.

Archaeoastronomy

Archaeoastronomy

Introduction to the Science of Stars and Stones

  • Author: Giulio Magli
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 331922882X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 246
  • View: 7212
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This book provides the first complete, easy to read, up-to-date account of the fascinating discipline of archaeoastronomy, in which the relationship between ancient constructions and the sky is studied in order to gain a better understanding of the ideas of the architects of the past and of their religious and symbolic worlds. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which explores the past relations between astronomy and people, power, the afterworld, architecture, and landscape. The fundamentals of archaeoastronomy are then addressed in detail, with coverage of the celestial coordinates; the apparent motion of the Sun, Moon, stars, and planets; observation of celestial bodies at the horizon; the use of astronomical software in archaeoastronomy; and current methods for making and analyzing measurements. The final section reviews what archaeoastronomy can now tell us about the nature and purpose of such sites and structures as Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, Chichen Itza, the Campus Martius, and the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento. In addition, a set of exercises is provided that can be performed using non-commercial free software, e.g., Google Earth or Stellarium, and will equip readers to conduct their own research. Readers will find the book an ideal introduction to what has become a wide-ranging multidisciplinary science.