Search Results for "the-parthenon"

The Parthenon

The Parthenon

  • Author: Mary Beard
  • Publisher: Profile Books
  • ISBN: 1847650635
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 220
  • View: 1938
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The ruined silhouette of the Parthenon on its hill above Athens is one of the world's most famous images. Its 'looted' Elgin Marbles are a global cause celebre. But what actually are they? In a revised and updated edition, Mary Beard, award winning writer, reviewer and leading Cambridge classicist, tells the history and explains the significance of the Parthenon, the temple of the virgin goddess Athena, the divine patroness of ancient Athens.

The Parthenon Enigma

The Parthenon Enigma

  • Author: Joan Breton Connelly
  • Publisher: Vintage
  • ISBN: 0385350503
  • Category: History
  • Page: 512
  • View: 4694
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Built in the fifth century b.c., the Parthenon has been venerated for more than two millennia as the West’s ultimate paragon of beauty and proportion. Since the Enlightenment, it has also come to represent our political ideals, the lavish temple to the goddess Athena serving as the model for our most hallowed civic architecture. But how much do the values of those who built the Parthenon truly correspond with our own? And apart from the significance with which we have invested it, what exactly did this marvel of human hands mean to those who made it? In this revolutionary book, Joan Breton Connelly challenges our most basic assumptions about the Parthenon and the ancient Athenians. Beginning with the natural environment and its rich mythic associations, she re-creates the development of the Acropolis—the Sacred Rock at the heart of the city-state—from its prehistoric origins to its Periklean glory days as a constellation of temples among which the Parthenon stood supreme. In particular, she probes the Parthenon’s legendary frieze: the 525-foot-long relief sculpture that originally encircled the upper reaches before it was partially destroyed by Venetian cannon fire (in the seventeenth century) and most of what remained was shipped off to Britain (in the nineteenth century) among the Elgin marbles. The frieze’s vast enigmatic procession—a dazzling pageant of cavalrymen and elders, musicians and maidens—has for more than two hundred years been thought to represent a scene of annual civic celebration in the birthplace of democracy. But thanks to a once-lost play by Euripides (the discovery of which, in the wrappings of a Hellenistic Egyptian mummy, is only one of this book’s intriguing adventures), Connelly has uncovered a long-buried meaning, a story of human sacrifice set during the city’s mythic founding. In a society startlingly preoccupied with cult ritual, this story was at the core of what it meant to be Athenian. Connelly reveals a world that beggars our popular notions of Athens as a city of staid philosophers, rationalists, and rhetoricians, a world in which our modern secular conception of democracy would have been simply incomprehensible. The Parthenon’s full significance has been obscured until now owing in no small part, Connelly argues, to the frieze’s dismemberment. And so her investigation concludes with a call to reunite the pieces, in order that what is perhaps the greatest single work of art surviving from antiquity may be viewed more nearly as its makers intended. Marshalling a breathtaking range of textual and visual evidence, full of fresh insights woven into a thrilling narrative that brings the distant past to life, The Parthenon Enigma is sure to become a landmark in our understanding of the civilization from which we claim cultural descent.

Where Is the Parthenon?

Where Is the Parthenon?

  • Author: Roberta Edwards,Who HQ
  • Publisher: Grosset & Dunlap
  • ISBN: 0448488892
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 112
  • View: 7520
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Discover the ruins of the Parthenon, one of the most famous and beautiful places in the world!aaaa Athens, Greece, is best known for the Parthenon, the ruins of an ancient temple completed in 438 BC to honor the goddess Athena. But what many people don't know is that it only served as a temple for a couple hundred years. It then became a church, then a mosque, and by the end of the 1600s served as a storehouse for munitions. When an enemy army fired hundreds of cannon balls at the Acropolis, one directly hit the Parthenon. Much of the sculpture was destroyed, three hundred people died, and the site fell into ruin. Today, visitors continue to flock to this world famous landmark, which has become a symbol for Ancient Greece, democracy, and modern civilization. Includes black-and-white illustrations and a foldout color map!

The Parthenon

The Parthenon

From Antiquity to the Present

  • Author: Jenifer Neils
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521820936
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 430
  • View: 1677
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Offers an overview of a classical monument interjected with the discoveries of modern scholarship.

Stones of the Parthenon

Stones of the Parthenon

  • Author: Manolēs Korres
  • Publisher: J Paul Getty Museum Publications
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 69
  • View: 5265
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Most visitors to the Acropolis in Athens pause to wonder how the large marble pieces were hauled up the sacred mount. In fact, even with today's far more advanced construction equipment, it would be impossible to match the precision with which the ancient builders built the imposing structures of the Parthenon in just eight years! The Stones of the Parthenon is a riveting investigation of the technological achievements of the ancient Greeks. This highly readable account explains how an 11-ton Doric column capital was quarried and transported to Athens. The author's intricate line drawings clearly illustrate the methods and tools employed in the accomplishment of this feat of ancient craftsmanship.

The Parthenon of Ancient Greece

The Parthenon of Ancient Greece

  • Author: Don Nardo
  • Publisher: Referencepoint PressInc
  • ISBN: 9781601525383
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 96
  • View: 8036
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Discusses the origins, construction, completion, uses, history, and eventual ruin of the Parthenon.

The Parthenon Sculptures

The Parthenon Sculptures

  • Author: Ian Dennis Jenkins
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674026926
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 144
  • View: 1333
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The Parthenon sculptures in the British Museum are unrivaled examples of classical Greek art, an inspiration to artists and writers since their creation in the fifth century bce. A superb visual introduction to these wonders of antiquity, this book offers a photographic tour of the most famous of the surviving sculptures from ancient Greece, viewed within their cultural and art-historical context. Ian Jenkins offers an account of the history of the Parthenon and its architectural refinements. He introduces the sculptures as architecture--pediments, metopes, Ionic frieze--and provides an overview of their subject matter and possible meaning for the people of ancient Athens. Accompanying photographs focus on the pediment sculptures that filled the triangular gables at each end of the temple; the metopes that crowned the architrave surmounting the outer columns; and the frieze that ran around the four sides of the building, inside the colonnade. Comparative images, showing the sculptures in full and fine detail, bring out particular features of design and help to contrast Greek ideas with those of other cultures. The book further reflects on how, over 2,500 years, the cultural identity of the Parthenon sculptures has changed. In particular, Jenkins expands on the irony of our intimate knowledge and appreciation of the sculptures--a relationship far more intense than that experienced by their ancient, intended spectators--as they have been transformed from architectural ornaments into objects of art.

The Parthenon Bomber

The Parthenon Bomber

  • Author: Christos Chrissopoulos
  • Publisher: Other Press, LLC
  • ISBN: 1590518365
  • Category: FICTION
  • Page: 75
  • View: 983
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A novel at once metaphorical and iconoclastic, The Parthenon Bomber exposes the painful and maddening paradox of contemporary Greece. "Blow up the Acropolis" was the 1944 call to action by the surrealist circle the Harbingers of Chaos. Sixty years later, a young man obliges. The Parthenon has been destroyed, the city orphaned. Is it still Athens? All eyes are on the empty hill, now smoky and ashen. Cries of distress, indifference, and fanaticism fill the air. What were his reasons? How will he be punished for this unspeakable act of violence? What does it mean for Greece, now deprived of its greatest symbol? This provocative tale reveals the unique dilemma of a country still searching for an identity beyond its past as the birthplace of Western civilization.

The Parthenon and its impact in modern times

The Parthenon and its impact in modern times

  • Author: Panayotis Tournikiotis
  • Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 365
  • View: 4040
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Few if any would dispute the Parthenon's position as the most important monument in Western civilization. In its art and architecture, it is the ultimate expression of the golden age of Pericles, when democracy was born.

The architects of the Parthenon

The architects of the Parthenon

  • Author: Rhys Carpenter
  • Publisher: Not Avail
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 193
  • View: 8530
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The Parthenon Frieze

The Parthenon Frieze

  • Author: Ian Jenkins
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780714122373
  • Category: Friezes
  • Page: 119
  • View: 8357
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Jenkins reconstructs the Parthenon frieze in its entirety according to the most up-to-date research, with a detailed scene-by-scene commentary, and the superb quality of the carving is vividly shown in a series of close-up photographs.

The Real Life of the Parthenon

The Real Life of the Parthenon

  • Author: Patricia Vigderman
  • Publisher: Mad Creek Books
  • ISBN: 9780814254585
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 200
  • View: 6349
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Ruminates on ancient remains and antiquities, illuminating an important element of contemporary cultural life: the dynamic between loss and delight.

The Treasures of the Parthenon and Erechtheion

The Treasures of the Parthenon and Erechtheion

  • Author: Diane Harris
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 9780198149408
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 306
  • View: 7337
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The Parthenon and the Erechtheion, two of the best-known monuments of ancient Athens, were once filled with countless priceless treasures - from furniture and musical instruments to jewellery, gold, silver, and bronze. This unique volume presents for the first time the only evidence we have for this massive collection of ancient objets d'art - annually inscribed inventories on tablets written by Athenian officials in the classical period. The author provides the first ever translation ofthese inscriptions, and comes to some important and exciting conclusions about the life and religion of ancient Athens.

Parthenon

Parthenon

Power and Politics on the Acropolis

  • Author: David Stuttard
  • Publisher: British Museum Publications Limited
  • ISBN: 9780714122847
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 240
  • View: 2884
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This book takes the reader through the dramatic story of the conception and creation of the Parthenon, setting it against a turbulent historical background and rooting the building firmly in the real and mythological landscape of Athens. Written as a pacy, narrative history, the text features a cast of memorable characters, including Themistocles, the general whose decision to evacuate Athens led to the Persian sack of the acropolis; Pericles, visionary statesman and mastermind of the Athens' building project; and Pheidias, who created the cult statue of Athene, and narrowly escaped impeachment for embezzlement. Beautifully illustrated with site photography, details from the Parthenon sculptures and other related artworks from the collection of the British Museum, this book explores the Parthenon as the spiritual heart of a network of commanding buildings, devised by Pericles and continued by his successors to promote the power of Athens as leader of the Greek world.

The Pediments of the Parthenon

The Pediments of the Parthenon

  • Author: Olga Palagia
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9789004111981
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 92
  • View: 9794
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This is the only comprehensive account of the Parthenon pediments in English and the first in any language since 1963. It serves as an up-to-date introduction to their study and includes new proposals for the restoration and interpretation of their composition. Debate on the Parthenon pediments has concentrated on the interpretation of individual figures, the restoration of the missing parts and the question of Roman repairs. The present study is based on autopsy and considers the evidence of technical details. It questions the attribution of certain familiar pieces and offers new suggestions for restoring the east pediment. All sculptures are illustrated, some with photographs taken especially for this book, and there are new drawings of the restorations proposed by the author. Chapter 1 is a general introduction to the study of the pediments. It includes an assessment of the documentation and a summary of stylistic and technical characteristics of the sculptures. Chapters 2 and 3 treat each pediment separately. The discussion of individual sculptures is incorporated in a continuous narrative which sets them within the context of the overall composition.

The Parthenon and Liberal Education

The Parthenon and Liberal Education

  • Author: Geoff Lehman,Michael Weinman
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438468415
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 268
  • View: 9168
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Discusses the importance of the early history of Greek mathematics to education and civic life through a study of the Parthenon and dialogues of Plato.

The Parthenon

The Parthenon

  • Author: Susan Woodford
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521226295
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 48
  • View: 3596
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An introduction to the History of the Parthenon: How the Parthenon came to be built, how the Greeks worshipped their Gods and Goddesses and the history of Parthenon from the 5th century BC until the present day.

The Parthenon

The Parthenon

  • Author: R. Taylor Austen
  • Publisher: New Word City
  • ISBN: 1640191569
  • Category: History
  • Page: 185
  • View: 1418
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Democracy's symbolic birthplace, the famed Acropolis, stands today as a reminder of the glory that was ancient Greece. Atop this ancient citadel - once the center of Athenian civil pride and religion - stands the most famous structure in the Western world, the Parthenon. Here, historian R. Taylor Austen tells the stirring story of the Parthenon but also traces the history of Athens itself - its meteoric ascendancy, its worldwide impact, and its subsequent decline.

The Parthenon

The Parthenon

  • Author: Vincent J. Bruno
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393314403
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 334
  • View: 1492
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Modeled on the highly successful Norton Critical Editions, this series offers illuminating introductions to major monuments of painting, sculpture, and architecture.

The Parthenon Marbles

The Parthenon Marbles

The Case for Reunification

  • Author: Christopher Hitchens
  • Publisher: Verso Books
  • ISBN: 1786631822
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 5861
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The most powerful case yet made for the return of the Parthenon Marbles The Parthenon Marbles (formerly known as the Elgin Marbles), designed and executed by Pheidias to adorn the Parthenon, are perhaps the greatest of all classical sculptures. In 1801, Lord Elgin, then ambassador to the Turkish government, had chunks of the frieze sawn off and shipped to England, where they were subsequently seized by Parliament and sold to the British Museum to help pay off his debts. This scandal, exacerbated by the inept handling of the sculptures by their self-appointed guardians, remains unresolved to this day. In his fierce, eloquent account of a shameful piece of British imperial history, Christopher Hitchens makes the moral, artistic, legal and political case for re-unifying the Parthenon frieze in Athens. The opening of the New Acropolis Museum emphatically trumps the British Museum’s long-standing (if always questionable) objection that there is nowhere in Athens to house the Parthenon Marbles. With contributions by Nadine Gordimer and Professor Charalambos Bouras, The Parthenon Marbles will surely end all arguments about where these great treasures belong, and help bring a two-centuries-old disgrace to a just conclusion.