Search Results for "the-physics-of-solar-cells-properties-of-semiconductor-materials"

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells

  • Author: Jenny Nelson
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 1848168233
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 4738
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell. It is suitable for undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers new to the field. It covers: basic physics of semiconductors in photovoltaic devices; physical models of solar cell operation; characteristics and design of common types of solar cell; and approaches to increasing solar cell efficiency. The text explains the terms and concepts of solar cell device physics and shows the reader how to formulate and solve relevant physical problems. Exercises and worked solutions are included.

Handbook of the Physics of Thin-Film Solar Cells

Handbook of the Physics of Thin-Film Solar Cells

  • Author: Karl W. Böer
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business
  • ISBN: 3642367488
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 882
  • View: 6729
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This handbook is a compendium giving a comprehensive description of the basics of semiconductor physics relevant to the design and analysis of thin film solar cell materials. It starts from the basics of material science, describing the material and its growth, defect and electrical properties, the basics of its interaction with photons and the involved statistics, proceeding to space charge effects in semiconductors and pn-junctions. Most attention is given to analyze homo- and hetero-junction solar cells using various models and applying the field-of-direction analysis for discussing current voltage characteristics, and helping to discover the involvement of high-field effects in solar cells. The comprehensive coverage of the main topics of - and relating to - solar cells with extensive reference to literature helps scientists and engineers at all levels to reach a better understanding and improvement of solar cell properties and their production. The author is one of the founders of thin film solar cell research.

Grundlagen der Photonik

Grundlagen der Photonik

  • Author: Bahaa E. A. Saleh,Malvin Carl Teich
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9783527406777
  • Category: Optoelectronics
  • Page: 1406
  • View: 831
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Schon die erste Auflage des englischen Lehrbuchs 'Fundamentals of Photonics' zeichnete sich durch seine ausgewogene Mischung von Theorie und Praxis aus, und deckte in detaillierter Darstellung die grundlegenden Theorien des Lichts ab. Es umfasste sowohl die Themen Strahlenoptik, Wellenoptik, elektromagnetische Optik, Photonenoptik, sowie die Wechselwirkung von Licht und Materie, als auch die Theorie der optischen Eigenschaften von Halbleitern. Die Photonik-Technologie hat eine rasante Entwicklung genommen seit der Publikation der ersten Ausgabe von 'Fundamentals of Photonics' vor 15 Jahren. Die nun vorliegende Zweite Auflage des Marksteins auf dem Gebiet der Photonik trägt mit zwei neuen und zusätzlichen Kapiteln den neuesten technologischen Fortschritten Rechnung: Photonische Kristalle sowie Ultrakurzpuls-Optik. Zudem wurden alle Kapitel gründlich überarbeitet und viele Abschnitte hinzugefügt, so z.B. über Laguerre-Gauss Strahlen, die Sellmeier-Gleichung, Photonenkristall-Wellenleiter, photonische Kristallfasern, Mikrosphären-Resonatoren, Optische Kohärenz Tomographie, Bahndrehimpuls des Photons, Bohrsche Theorie, Raman-Verstärker, rauscharme Avalanche-Photodioden, Abstimmkurven und Dispersions-Management.

Photoelectrochemistry and Photovoltaics of Layered Semiconductors

Photoelectrochemistry and Photovoltaics of Layered Semiconductors

  • Author: A. Aruchamy
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401513015
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 8523
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This volume aims at bringing together the results of extensive research done during the last fifteen years on the interfacial photoelectronic properties of the inorganic layered semiconducting materials, mainly in relation to solar energy conversion. Significant contributions have been made both on the fundamental aspects of interface characteristics and on the suitability of the layered materials in photoelectrochemical (semiconductor/electrolyte junctions) and in solid state photovoltaic(Schottky and p-n junctions) cells. New insights into the physical and chemical characteristics of the contact surfaces have been gained and many new applications of these materials have been revealed. In particular, the basal plane surface of the layered materials shows low chemical reactivity and specific electronic behaviour with respect to isotropic solids. In electrochemical systems, the inert nature of these surfaces characterized by saturated chemical bonds has been recognized from studies on charge transfer reactions and catalysis. In addition, studies on the role of the d-band electronic transitions and the dynamics of the photogene rated charge carriers in the relative stability of the photoelectrodes of the transition metal dichalcogenides have deepened the understanding of the interfacial photoreactions. Transition metal layered compounds are also recognized as ideal model compounds for the studies Involving surfaces: photoreactions, adsorption phenomena and catalysis, scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy and epitaxial growth of thin films. Recently, quantum size effects have been investigated in layered semiconductor colloids.

Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Related Devices

Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Related Devices

The Role of the PN Junction

  • Author: Adrian Kitai
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • ISBN: 1119451027
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 416
  • View: 8881
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The second edition of the text that offers an introduction to the principles of solar cells and LEDs, revised and updated The revised and updated second edition of Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Related Devices offers an introduction to the physical concepts required for a comprehensive understanding of p-n junction devices, light emitting diodes and solar cells. The author – a noted expert in the field – presents information on the semiconductor and junction device fundamentals and extends it to the practical implementation of semiconductors in both photovoltaic and LED devices. In addition, the text offers information on the treatment of a range of important semiconductor materials and device structures including OLED devices and organic solar cells. This second edition contains a new chapter on the quantum mechanical description of the electron that will make the book accessible to students in any engineering discipline. The text also includes a new chapter on bipolar junction and junction field effect transistors as well as expanded chapters on solar cells and LEDs that include more detailed information on high efficiency devices. This important text: Offers an introduction to solar cells and LEDs, the two most important applications of semiconductor diodes Provides a solid theoretical basis for p-n junction devices Contains updated information and new chapters including better coverage of LED out-coupling design and performance and improvements in OLED efficiency Presents student problems at the end of each chapter and worked example problems throughout the text Written for students in electrical engineering, physics and materials science and researchers in the electronics industry, Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Related Devices is the updated second edition that offers a guide to the physical concepts of p-n junction devices, light emitting diodes and solar cells.

Physics of Organic Semiconductors

Physics of Organic Semiconductors

  • Author: Wolfgang Brütting,Chihaya Adachi
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527654968
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 657
  • View: 6550
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The field of organic electronics has seen a steady growth over the last 15 years. At the same time, our scientific understanding of how to achieve optimum device performance has grown, and this book gives an overview of our present-day knowledge of the physics behind organic semiconductor devices. Based on the very successful first edition, the editors have invited top scientists from the US, Japan, and Europe to include the developments from recent years, covering such fundamental issues as: - growth and characterization of thin films of organic semiconductors, - charge transport and photophysical properties of the materials as well as their electronic structure at interfaces, and - analysis and modeling of devices like organic light-emitting diodes or organic lasers. The result is an overview of the field for both readers with basic knowledge and for an application-oriented audience. It thus bridges the gap between textbook knowledge largely based on crystalline molecular solids and those books focusing more on device applications.

Solar Cell Device Physics

Solar Cell Device Physics

  • Author: Stephen Fonash
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0323154638
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5711
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Solar Cell Device Physics offers a balanced, in-depth qualitative and quantitative treatment of the physical principles and operating characteristics of solar cell devices. Topics covered include photovoltaic energy conversion and solar cell materials and structures, along with homojunction solar cells. Semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunction cells and surface-barrier solar cells are also discussed. This book consists of six chapters and begins by introducing the reader to the basic physical principles and materials properties that are the foundations of photovoltaic energy conversion, with emphasis on various photovoltaic devices capable of efficiently converting solar energy into usable electrical energy. The electronic and optical properties of crystalline, polycrystalline, and amorphous materials with both organic and inorganic materials are considered, together with the manner in which these properties change from one material class to another and the implications of such changes for photovoltaics. Generation, recombination, and bulk transport are also discussed. The two mechanisms of photocarrier collection in solar cells, drift and diffusion, are then compared. The remaining chapters focus on specific solar cell device classes defined in terms of the interface structure employed: homojunctions, semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunctions, and surface-barrier devices. This monograph is appropriate for use as a textbook for graduate students in engineering and the sciences and for seniors in electrical engineering and applied physics, as well as a reference book for those actively involved in solar cell research and development.

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

17th International Workshop on the Physics of Semiconductor Devices 2013

  • Author: V. K. Jain,Abhishek Verma
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3319030027
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 932
  • View: 1029
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The purpose of this workshop is to spread the vast amount of information available on semiconductor physics to every possible field throughout the scientific community. As a result, the latest findings, research and discoveries can be quickly disseminated. This workshop provides all participating research groups with an excellent platform for interaction and collaboration with other members of their respective scientific community. This workshop’s technical sessions include various current and significant topics for applications and scientific developments, including • Optoelectronics • VLSI & ULSI Technology • Photovoltaics • MEMS & Sensors • Device Modeling and Simulation • High Frequency/ Power Devices • Nanotechnology and Emerging Areas • Organic Electronics • Displays and Lighting Many eminent scientists from various national and international organizations are actively participating with their latest research works and also equally supporting this mega event by joining the various organizing committees.

The Physics of Semiconductors

The Physics of Semiconductors

An Introduction Including Nanophysics and Applications

  • Author: Marius Grundmann
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319238809
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 989
  • View: 4709
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The 3rd edition of this successful textbook contains ample material for a comprehensive upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course, guiding readers to the point where they can choose a special topic and begin supervised research. The textbook provides a balance between essential aspects of solid-state and semiconductor physics, on the one hand, and the principles of various semiconductor devices and their applications in electronic and photonic devices, on the other. It highlights many practical aspects of semiconductors such as alloys, strain, heterostructures, nanostructures, that are necessary in modern semiconductor research but typically omitted in textbooks. Coverage also includes additional advanced topics, such as Bragg mirrors, resonators, polarized and magnetic semiconductors, nanowires, quantum dots, multi-junction solar cells, thin film transistors, carbon-based nanostructures and transparent conductive oxides. The text derives explicit formulas for many results to support better understanding of the topics. The Physics of Semiconductors requires little or no prior knowledge of solid-state physics and evolved from a highly regarded two-semester course. In the third edition several topics are extended and treated in more depth including surfaces, disordered materials, amorphous semiconductors, polarons, thermopower and noise. More than 1800 references guide the reader to historic and current literature including original and review papers and books.

Physics and Technology of Amorphous-Crystalline Heterostructure Silicon Solar Cells

Physics and Technology of Amorphous-Crystalline Heterostructure Silicon Solar Cells

  • Author: Wilfried G. J. H. M. van Sark,Lars Korte,Francesco Roca
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642222757
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 582
  • View: 5149
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Today’s solar cell multi-GW market is dominated by crystalline silicon (c-Si) wafer technology, however new cell concepts are entering the market. One very promising solar cell design to answer these needs is the silicon hetero-junction solar cell, of which the emitter and back surface field are basically produced by a low temperature growth of ultra-thin layers of amorphous silicon. In this design, amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) constitutes both „emitter“ and „base-contact/back surface field“ on both sides of a thin crystalline silicon wafer-base (c-Si) where the electrons and holes are photogenerated; at the same time, a-Si:H passivates the c-Si surface. Recently, cell efficiencies above 23% have been demonstrated for such solar cells. In this book, the editors present an overview of the state-of-the-art in physics and technology of amorphous-crystalline heterostructure silicon solar cells. The heterojunction concept is introduced, processes and resulting properties of the materials used in the cell and their heterointerfaces are discussed and characterization techniques and simulation tools are presented.

2-6 compound semiconductor photovoltaic materials

2-6 compound semiconductor photovoltaic materials

  • Author: Robert Birkmire,Materials Research Society. Meeting
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781558996045
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 597
  • View: 3898
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Semiconductor Physical Electronics

Semiconductor Physical Electronics

  • Author: Sheng S. Li
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 146130489X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 528
  • View: 6239
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The purpose of this book is to provide the reader with a self-contained treatment of fundamen tal solid state and semiconductor device physics. The material presented in the text is based upon the lecture notes of a one-year graduate course sequence taught by this author for many years in the ·Department of Electrical Engineering of the University of Florida. It is intended as an introductory textbook for graduate students in electrical engineering. However, many students from other disciplines and backgrounds such as chemical engineering, materials science, and physics have also taken this course sequence, and will be interested in the material presented herein. This book may also serve as a general reference for device engineers in the semiconductor industry. The present volume covers a wide variety of topics on basic solid state physics and physical principles of various semiconductor devices. The main subjects covered include crystal structures, lattice dynamics, semiconductor statistics, energy band theory, excess carrier phenomena and recombination mechanisms, carrier transport and scattering mechanisms, optical properties, photoelectric effects, metal-semiconductor devices, the p--n junction diode, bipolar junction transistor, MOS devices, photonic devices, quantum effect devices, and high speed III-V semiconductor devices. The text presents a unified and balanced treatment of the physics of semiconductor materials and devices. It is intended to provide physicists and mat erials scientists with more device backgrounds, and device engineers with a broader knowledge of fundamental solid state physics.

Physical Chemistry of Semiconductor Materials and Processes

Physical Chemistry of Semiconductor Materials and Processes

  • Author: Sergio Pizzini
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118514572
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 440
  • View: 7296
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The development of semiconductor devices began a little more than a century ago, with the discovery of the electrical conductivity of ionic solids. Today, solid state technologies form the background of the society in which we live. The aim of this book is threefold: to present the background physical chemistry on which the technology of solid state devices is based; secondly, to describe specific issues such as the role of defects on the properties of solids, and the crucial influence of surface properties; and ultimately, to look at the physics and chemistry of growth processes, both at the bulk and thin–film level, together with some issues relating to the properties of nano–devices. Divided into five chapters, it covers: Thermodynamics of solids, including phases and their properties and structural order Point defects in semiconductors Extended defects in semiconductors and their interactions with point defects and impurities Growth of semiconductor materials Physical chemistry of semiconductor materials processing With applications across all solid state technologies,the book is useful for advanced students and researchers in materials science, physics, chemistry, electrical and electronic engineering. It is also useful for those in the semiconductor industry.

Physics Of Semiconductor Devices (Rev.)

Physics Of Semiconductor Devices (Rev.)

  • Author: Dilip K Roy
  • Publisher: Universities Press
  • ISBN: 9788173714948
  • Category: Semiconductors
  • Page: 470
  • View: 2634
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Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Proceedings of the Eleventh International Workshop on the Physics of Semiconductor Devices : (December 11-15, 2001)

  • Author: Vikram Kumar,Prasanta Kumar Basu
  • Publisher: Allied Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780819445001
  • Category: Semiconductors
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5756
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Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells

  • Author: Kentaro Ito
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 111843787X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 440
  • View: 1004
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Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground–mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth–abundant, low–cost and non–toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS–based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS–based solar cells have the potential to be used for large–scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.

Dilute III-V Nitride Semiconductors and Material Systems

Dilute III-V Nitride Semiconductors and Material Systems

Physics and Technology

  • Author: Ayse Erol
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540745297
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 592
  • View: 3768
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This book reviews the current status of research and development in dilute III-V nitrides. It covers major developments in this new class of materials within 24 chapters from prominent research groups. The book integrates materials science and applications in optics and electronics in a unique way. It is valuable both as a reference work for researchers and as a study text for graduate students.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells

Materials and Device Physics

  • Author: Wallace C.H. Choy
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1447148231
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 266
  • View: 9332
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Organic solar cells have emerged as new promising photovoltaic devices due to their potential applications in large area, printable and flexible solar panels. Organic Solar Cells: Materials and Device Physics offers an updated review on the topics covering the synthesis, properties and applications of new materials for various critical roles in devices from electrodes, interface and carrier transport materials, to the active layer composed of donors and acceptors. Addressing the important device physics issues of carrier and exciton dynamics and interface stability and novel light trapping structures, the potential for hybrid organic solar cells to provide high efficiency solar cells is examined and discussed in detail. Specific chapters covers key areas including: Latest research and designs for highly effective polymer donors/acceptors and interface materials Synthesis and application of highly transparent and conductive graphene Exciton and charge dynamics for in-depth understanding of the mechanism underlying organic solar cells. New potentials and emerging functionalities of plasmonic effects in OSCs Interface Degradation Mechanisms in organic photovoltaics improving the entire device lifetime Device architecture and operation mechanism of organic/ inorganic hybrid solar cells for next generation of high performance photovoltaics This reference can be practically and theoretically applied by senior undergraduates, postgraduates, engineers, scientists, researchers, and project managers with some fundamental knowledge in organic and inorganic semiconductor materials or devices.

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices

Properties and Applications

  • Author: Serge Zhuiykov
  • Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
  • ISBN: 1782422242
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 466
  • View: 1440
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Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Semiconductor oxides are used in electronics, optics, catalysts, sensors, and other functional devices. In their 2D form, the reduction in size confers exceptional properties, useful for creating faster electronics and more efficient catalysts. After explaining the physics affecting the conductivity and electron arrangement of nanostructured semiconductors, the book addresses the structural and chemical modification of semiconductor nanocrystals during material growth. It then covers their use in nanoscale functional devices, particularly in electronic devices and carbon nanotubes. It explores the impact of 2D nanocrystals, such as graphene, chalcogenides, and oxide nanostructures, on research and technology, leading to a discussion of incorporating graphene and semiconductor nanostructures into composites for use in energy storage. The final three chapters focus on the applications of these functional materials in photovoltaic cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and in environmental sensors including pH, dissolved oxygen, dissolved organic carbon, and dissolved metal ion sensors. Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices is a crucial resource for scientists, applied researchers, and production engineers working in the fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and analysis of new semiconductor materials. This book is a valuable reference for those working in the analysis and characterization of new nanomaterials, and for those who develop technologies for practical devices fabrication. Focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors Reviews fundamental physics of conductivity and electron arrangement before proceeding to practical applications A vital resource for applied researchers and production engineers working with new semiconductor materials

Thin-Film Solar Cells

Thin-Film Solar Cells

Next Generation Photovoltaics and Its Applications

  • Author: Yoshihiro Hamakawa
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540439455
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 244
  • View: 1353
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The first comprehensive book on thin-film solar cells, potentially a key technology for solving the energy production problem in the 21st century in an environmentally friendly way. It covers a wide range of scientific and technological aspects of thin film semiconductors - deposition technologies, growth mechanisms and the basic properties of amorphous and nano-crystalline silicon - as well as the optimum design theory and device physics of high-efficiency solar cells, especially of single-junction and multi-junction solar cells. The development of large-area solar cell modules using single and multi-junction solar cells is also considered. Examples of recent photovoltaic systems are presented and analysed.