Search Results for "the-political-philosophy-of-needs"

The Political Philosophy of Needs

The Political Philosophy of Needs

  • Author: Lawrence A. Hamilton
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139436984
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1013
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This ambitious and lively book argues for a rehabilitation of the concept of 'human needs' as central to politics and political theory. Contemporary political philosophy has focused on issues of justice and welfare to the exclusion of the important issues of political participation, democratic sovereignty, and the satisfaction of human needs, and this has had a deleterious effect on political practice. Lawrence Hamilton develops a compelling positive conception of human needs: the evaluation of needs must be located within a more general analysis of institutions, but can in turn help to justify forms of coercive authority that are directed toward the transformation of political and social institutions and practices. His argument is animated throughout by provocative and original discussions of topics such as autonomy, recognition, rights, civil society, liberalism and democracy, and will interest a wide range of readers in political and social philosophy, political theory, law, development and policy.

The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism

The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism

  • Author: Gillian Brock,Harry Brighouse
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521846608
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 262
  • View: 8296
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In a period of rapid internationalization of trade and increased labor mobility, is it relevant for nations to think about their moral obligations to others? Do national boundaries have fundamental moral significance, or do we have moral obligations to foreigners that are equal to our obligations to our compatriots? The latter position is known as cosmopolitanism, and this volume brings together a number of distinguished political philosophers and theorists to explore cosmopolitanism: what it consists in, and the positive case which can be made for it. Their essays provide a comprehensive overview of both the current state of the debate and the alternative visions of cosmopolitanism with which we can move forward, and they will interest a wide range of readers in philosophy, political theory, and law.

The Political Philosophy of Hannah Arendt

The Political Philosophy of Hannah Arendt

  • Author: Maurizio Passerin d'Entrèves
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134881975
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 9340
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First published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Political Philosophy of Michael Oakeshott

The Political Philosophy of Michael Oakeshott

  • Author: Paul Franco
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300046861
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 277
  • View: 2116
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The Political Philosophy of Alexander Hamilton

The Political Philosophy of Alexander Hamilton

  • Author: Michael P. Federici
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 1421405393
  • Category: History
  • Page: 291
  • View: 4906
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Hamilton remains something of an enigma. Conservatives and liberals both claim him, and in his writings one can find material to support the positions of either camp. Taking a balanced and objective approach, Federici sorts through the written and historical record to reveal Hamilton's philosophy as the synthetic product of a well-read and pragmatic figure whose intellectual genealogy drew on Classical thinkers such as Cicero and Plutarch, Christian theologians, and Enlightenment philosophers, including Hume and Montesquieu. In evaluating the thought of this republican and would-be empire builder, Federici explains that the apparent contradictions found in the Federalist Papers and other examples of Hamilton's writings reflect both his practical engagement with debates over the French Revolution, capital expansion, commercialism, and other large issues of his time, and his search for a balance between central authority and federalism in the embryonic American government. This book challenges the view of Hamilton as a monarchist and shows him instead to be a strong advocate of American constitutionalism.

The Political Philosophy of James Madison

The Political Philosophy of James Madison

  • Author: Garrett Ward Sheldon
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801871061
  • Category: History
  • Page: 160
  • View: 5996
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"Sheldon interweaves Madison's intellectual development with his political career: the one the warp, the one the weft, of his mind... His greatest contribution is to emphasize John Witherspoon's Scottish Presbyterian influence during Madison's undergraduate days at Princeton." -- Times Literary Supplement

The Political Philosophy of Rousseau

The Political Philosophy of Rousseau

  • Author: Roger D. Masters
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400868815
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 490
  • View: 5328
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This book is intended as an equivalent to or substitute for that "more reflective reading" which Rousseau considered essential to an understanding of his ideas. It is designed to complement perusal of the texts themselves, and the arrangement is such that chapters on each of Rousseau's major writings can be consulted separately or the commentary may be read through in sequence. The author's purpose is not to present a "key" to Rousseau's political philosophy, but rather to explore the works themselves in an effort to reveal Rousseau's "system," from which the reader may then draw his own conclusions. Originally published in 1976. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Political Philosophy of Judith Butler

The Political Philosophy of Judith Butler

  • Author: Birgit Schippers
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135913137
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 150
  • View: 6144
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Judith Butler can justifiably be described as one of the major critical thinkers of our time. While she is best-known for her interventions into feminist debates on gender, sexuality and feminist politics, her focus in recent years has broadened to encompass some of the most pertinent topics of interest to contemporary political philosophy. Drawing on Butler’s deconstructive reading of the key categories and concepts of political thought, Birgit Schippers expounds and advocates her challenge to the conceptual binaries that pervade modern political discourse. Using examples and case studies like the West’s intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan, and in relation to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Schippers demonstrates how Butler’s philosophically informed engagement with pressing political issues of our time elucidates our understanding of topics such as immigration and multiculturalism, sovereignty, or the prospect for new forms of cohabitation and citizenship beyond and across national boundaries. A detailed exposition and analysis of Butler’s recent ideas, championing her efforts at articulating the possibilities for radical politics and ethical life in an era of global interdependence, this book makes an makes an important contribution to the emerging field of international political philosophy.

The Political Philosophy of Bertrand Russell

The Political Philosophy of Bertrand Russell

  • Author: Amita Singh
  • Publisher: Mittal Publications
  • ISBN: 9788170990390
  • Category: Political science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 4374
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The Political Philosophy of the British Idealists

The Political Philosophy of the British Idealists

Selected Studies

  • Author: Peter P. Nicholson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521371025
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 359
  • View: 4756
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This book offers a reassessment of the political philosophy of the British Idealists, a group of once influential and now neglected nineteenth-century Hegelian philosophers, whose work has been much misunderstood. Peter Nicholson focuses on F. H. Bradley's idea of morality and moral philosophy; T. H. Green's theory of the Common Good, of the social nature of rights, of freedom, and of state interference; and Bernard Bosanquet's notorious theory of the General Will. By examining the arguments offered by the Idealists and by their critics the author is able to penetrate the deep layers of hostile comment laid down by several generations of later writers and to show that these ideas, once properly understood, are not only defensible but interesting and important.

Political Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli

Political Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli

  • Author: Filippo Del Lucchese
  • Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 1474404294
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 3279
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The Political Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli is a clear account of Machiavelli's thought, major theories and central ideas. Geared towards the specific requirements of students who need to reach a sound understanding of Machiavelli's ideas, it is the ideal companion to the study of this influential and challenging philosopher.

China

China

The Political Philosophy of the Middle Kingdom

  • Author: Tongdong Bai
  • Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1780320787
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 825
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China is a rising economic and political power. But what is the message of this rise? Tongdong Bai addresses this increasingly pressing question by examining the rich history of political theories and practices from China's past, and showing how it impacts upon the present. Chinese political traditions are often viewed negatively as 'authoritarian' (in contrast with 'Western' democratic traditions), but the historical reality is much more complex and there is a need to understand the political values shaping China's rise. Going beyond this, Bai argues that the debates between China's two main political theories - Confucianism and Legalism - anticipate themes in modern political thought and hence offer valuable resources for thinking about contemporary political problems. Part of Zed's World Political Theories series, this groundbreaking work offers a remarkable insight into the political history and thought of a nation that is becoming increasingly powerful on the world stage.

The Political Philosophy of Hobbes

The Political Philosophy of Hobbes

Its Basis and Its Genesis

  • Author: Leo Strauss
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226776965
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 172
  • View: 5854
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In this classic analysis, Leo Strauss pinpoints what is original and innovative in the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. He argues that Hobbes's ideas arose not from tradition or science but from his own deep knowledge and experience of human nature. Tracing the development of Hobbes's moral doctrine from his early writings to his major work The Leviathan, Strauss explains contradictions in the body of Hobbes's work and discovers startling connections between Hobbes and the thought of Plato, Thucydides, Aristotle, Descartes, Spinoza, and Hegel.

America and the Political Philosophy of Common Sense

America and the Political Philosophy of Common Sense

  • Author: Scott Philip Segrest
  • Publisher: University of Missouri Press
  • ISBN: 082627207X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 5147
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From Aristotle to Thomas Jefferson, seminal thinkers have declared “common sense” essential for moral discernment and civilized living. Yet the story of commonsense philosophy is not well known today. In America and the Political Philosophy of Common Sense, Scott Segrest traces the history and explores the personal and social meaning of common sense as understood especially in American thought and as reflected specifically in the writings of three paradigmatic thinkers: John Witherspoon, James McCosh, and William James. The first two represent Scottish Common Sense and the third, Pragmatism, the schools that together dominated American higher thought for nearly two centuries. Educated Americans of the founding period warmly received Scottish Common Sense, Segrest writes, because it reflected so well what they already thought, and he uncovers the basic elements of American common sense in examining the thought of Witherspoon, who introduced that philosophy to them. With McCosh, he shows the furthest development and limits of the philosophy, and with it of American common sense in its Scottish realist phase. With James, he shows other dimensions of common sense that Americans had long embraced but that had never been examined philosophically. Clearly, Segrest’s work is much more than an intellectual history. It is a study of the American mind and of common sense itself—its essential character and its human significance, both moral and political. It was common sense, he affirms, that underlay the Declaration of Independence and the founders’ ideas of right and obligation that are still with us today. Segrest suggests that understanding this foundation and James’s refreshing of it could be the key to maintaining America’s vital moral core against a growing alienation from common sense across the Western world. Stressing the urgency of understanding and preserving common sense, Segrest’s work sheds new light on an undervalued aspect of American thought and experience, helping us to perceive the ramifications of commonsense philosophy for dignified living.

Toward a Political Philosophy of Race

Toward a Political Philosophy of Race

  • Author: Falguni A. Sheth
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791493970
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2063
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Timely, controversial, and incisive, Toward a Political Philosophy of Race looks uncompromisingly at how a liberal society enables racism and other forms of discrimination. Drawing on the examples of the internment of U.S. citizens and residents of Japanese descent, of Muslim men and women in the contemporary United States, and of Asian Indians at the turn of the twentieth century, Falguni A. Sheth argues that racial discrimination and divisions are not accidents in the history of liberal societies. Race, she contends, is a process embedded in a range of legal technologies that produce racialized populations who are divided against other groups. Moving past discussions of racial and social justice as abstract concepts, she reveals the playing out of race, racialization of groups, and legal frameworks within concrete historical frameworks. Book jacket.

The Political Philosophy of Poststructuralist Anarchism

The Political Philosophy of Poststructuralist Anarchism

  • Author: Todd May
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271028890
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 1277
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The political writings of the French poststructuralists have eluded articulation in the broader framework of general political philosophy primarily because of the pervasive tendency to define politics along a single parameter: the balance between state power and individual rights in liberalism and the focus on economic justice as a goal in Marxism. What poststructuralists like Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, and Jean-Fran&çois Lyotard offer instead is a political philosophy that can be called tactical: it emphasizes that power emerges from many different sources and operates along many different registers. This approach has roots in traditional anarchist thought, which sees the social and political field as a network of intertwined practices with overlapping political effects. The poststructuralist approach, however, eschews two questionable assumptions of anarchism, that human beings have an (essentially benign) essence and that power is always repressive, never productive. After positioning poststructuralist political thought against the background of Marxism and the traditional anarchism of Bakunin, Kropotkin, and Proudhon, Todd May shows what a tactical political philosophy like anarchism looks like shorn of its humanist commitments&—namely, a poststructuralist anarchism. The book concludes with a defense, contra Habermas and Critical Theory, of poststructuralist political thought as having a metaethical structure allowing for positive ethical commitments.

The Political Philosophy of Giambattista Vico

The Political Philosophy of Giambattista Vico

An Introduction to La Scienza Nuova

  • Author: F. Vaughan
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401027811
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 79
  • View: 4313
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It would be an understatement to say that the New Science is difficult to read. Most contemporary readers conclude with a Russian scholar that Vico's thought "is expressed in extremely naive forms, profound thoughts are interspersed with all sorts of pedantic trifles, the exposition is very confusing, yet it is beyond doubt that the basic idea is a work of genius. " 1 There can be no disputing the fact that the New Science is difficult to read; the dispute emerges in the effort to explain how a work which is at once "confusing," "naive" and "pedantic," can be a "work of genius. " The purpose of this brief study is to suggest that a good deal of the confusion can be dispelled when the New Science is read with care and an eye to the possibility of two levels of meaning. We must never forget that Vico was a professor of rhetoric and was therefore familiar with the techniques of cautious writing. It is our conviction that the New Science is an exoteric book which means that it contains two levels of meaning: one which conveys a popular and orthodox message, and another which 2 conveys a philosophical message addressed to philosophers. A large number of contemporary scholars tend to minimize or dismiss this type of writing.

The Political Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo

The Political Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo

  • Author: V. P. Varma
  • Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
  • ISBN: 9788120806863
  • Category:
  • Page: 494
  • View: 4086
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The Political Philosophy of Benjamin Franklin

The Political Philosophy of Benjamin Franklin

  • Author: Lorraine Smith Pangle
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801886669
  • Category: History
  • Page: 277
  • View: 5472
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The most famous man of his age, Benjamin Franklin was an individual of many talents and accomplishments. He invented the wood-burning stove and the lightning rod, he wrote Poor Richard's Almanac and The Way to Wealth, and he traveled the world as a diplomat. But it was in politics that Franklin made his greatest impact. Franklin’s political writings are full of fascinating reflections on human nature, on the character of good leadership, and on why government is such a messy and problematic business. Drawing together threads in Franklin's writings, Lorraine Smith Pangle illuminates his thoughts on citizenship, federalism, constitutional government, the role of civil associations, and religious freedom. Of the American Founders, Franklin had an unrivaled understanding of the individual human soul. At the heart of his political vision is a view of democratic citizenship, a rich understanding of the qualities of the heart and mind necessary to support liberty and sustain happiness. This concise introduction reflects Franklin's valuable insight into political issues that continue to be relevant today.

Albert Camus and the Political Philosophy of the Absurd

Albert Camus and the Political Philosophy of the Absurd

Ambivalence, Resistance, and Creativity

  • Author: Matthew H. Bowker
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780739181362
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 205
  • View: 9857
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In Albert Camus and the Political Philosophy of the Absurd: Ambivalence, Resistance, and Creativity, Matthew H. Bowker takes an interdisciplinary approach to Albert Camus political philosophy by reading absurdity itself as a metaphor for the psychosocial dynamics of ambivalence, resistance, integration, and creativity. Decoupling absurdity from its ontological aspirations and focusing instead on its psychological and phenomenal contours, Bowker discovers an absurdist foundation for ethical and political practice."