Search Results for "the-politics-and-complexities-of-crisis-management-in-ukraine"

The Politics and Complexities of Crisis Management in Ukraine

The Politics and Complexities of Crisis Management in Ukraine

A Historical Perspective

  • Author: Gregory Simons,Mykola Kapitonenko,Viktor Lavrenyuk,Erik Vlaeminck
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317020529
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 4947
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Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. In the decades between the end of the cold war and the crisis of 2014, the country suffered a large decline in agricultural and industrial production, plunging economic indicators into a sharp decline and leading to large-scale poverty and hardship. This collection by leading scholars from the region explores the various crises affecting Ukraine since independence. Valuable crisis management research is made available from both Russian and Ukrainian sources and the on-going crisis in Ukraine put in context and analysed. This accessible volume interacts with many disciplines including political science, security studies, crisis management and communication studies; and should prove useful to both students and researchers.

Crises in the Post?Soviet Space

Crises in the Post?Soviet Space

From the dissolution of the Soviet Union to the conflict in Ukraine

  • Author: Felix Jaitner,Tina Olteanu,Tobias Spöri
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1351234447
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 270
  • View: 2845
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The breakup of the Soviet Union led to the creation of new states and territorial conflicts of different levels of intensity. Scrutinising the post?Soviet period, this volume offers explanations for both the frequency and the intensity of crises in the region. This book argues that the societies which emerged in the post-Soviet space share characteristic features, and that the instability and conflict-prone nature of the Soviet Union’s successor states can be explained by analysing the post-independence history of the region and linking it to the emergence of overlapping economic, political and violent crises (called 'Intersecting Crises Phenomena’). Transformation itself is shown to be a decisive process and, while acknowledging specific national and regional characteristics and differences, the authors demonstrate its shared impact. This comparison across countries and over time presents patterns of crisis and crisis management common to all the successor states. It disentangles the process, highlighting the multifaceted features of post-Soviet crises and draws upon the concept of crisis to determine the tipping points of post-Soviet development. Especially useful for scholars and students dealing with the Soviet successor states, this book should also prove interesting to those researching in the fields of communist and post?communist Studies, Eurasian politics, international relations and peace and conflict studies.

International Crisis Management: NATO, EU, OSCE and Civil Society

International Crisis Management: NATO, EU, OSCE and Civil Society

Collected Essays on Best Practices and Lessons Learned

  • Author: S. Goda,O. Tytarchuk,M. Khylko
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 1614996415
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 184
  • View: 6844
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Since the end of the Cold War, numerous conflicts have emerged within the Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian space which have affected international relations and highlighted the need for effective strategies for conflict resolution and management. This book presents papers delivered at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW), Best Practices and Lessons Learned in Conflict Management, held in Bratislava, Slovak Republic, in June 2015. The authors of these texts are recognized authorities within their fields of expertise. Issues raised by the conflict in Ukraine were the main focus of the workshop, as they are of this book, but it also contains valuable information about situations in other countries such as the Republic of Moldova, Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Belarus. The book presents an analysis of the theoretical background of conflict management and its relevance for multilateral security institutions. It explores various approaches to conflict management, discusses possible future developments, examines new aspects of conflict resolution and outlines the role of international organizations and civil society in these processes. Providing an overview of current thought in the field, this book will be of interest to all those involved in or connected with the processes of conflict management and resolution.

The Politics of Crisis Management

The Politics of Crisis Management

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 1107118468
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 7464
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Frontline Ukraine

Frontline Ukraine

Crisis in the Borderlands

  • Author: Richard Sakwa
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • ISBN: 1784530646
  • Category: History
  • Page: 220
  • View: 6997
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The unfolding crisis in Ukraine has brought the world to the brink of a new Cold War. As Russia and Ukraine tussle for Crimea and the eastern regions, relations between Putin and the West have reached an all-time low. How did we get here? Richard Sakwa here unpicks the story of Russo-Ukrainian relations and traces the path to the recent disturbances through five 'revolutions', which have forced Ukraine, a country internally divided between East and West, to choose between closer union with Europe or its historic ties with Russia. The first full account of the ongoing crisis, Frontline Ukraine explains the origins, developments and global significance of the battle for Crimea.

The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems

The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems

  • Author: Erik S. Herron,Robert J. Pekkanen,Matthew S. Shugart
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190258659
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1016
  • View: 504
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Machine generated contents note: -- 1. Terminology and Basic Rules of Electoral Systems -- Erik S. Herron, Robert J. Pekkanen, and Matthew S. Shugart -- Part I. Foundations of Electoral Systems -- 2. Dimensions of Variation in Electoral Systems -- Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell -- 3. Electoral System Effects on Party Systems -- Matthew S. Shugart and Rein Taagepera -- 4. Party System Effects on Electoral Systems -- Josep M. Colomer -- 5. Electoral System Design in New Democracies -- John M. Carey -- 6. Electoral System Change -- Alan Renwick -- Part II. Issues and Representation -- 7. Social Diversity, Electoral Systems, and the Party System -- Robert Moser, Ethan Scheiner, and Heather Stoll -- 8. Electoral Systems and Ethnic Minority Representation -- David Lublin and Shaun Bowler -- 9. Electoral Systems and Women's Representation -- Mona Lena Krook -- 10. Electoral Systems and Voter Turnout -- Daniel M. Smith -- 11. Electoral Systems and Citizen-Elite Ideological Congruence -- Matthew Golder and Benjamin Ferland -- 12. Electoral Systems and Issue Polarization -- James F. Adams and Nathan J. Rexford -- Part III. Electoral Systems and the Wider Political System -- 13. Portfolio-maximizing Strategic Voting in Parliamentary Elections -- Gary W. Cox -- 14. Presidential and Legislative Elections -- Mark P. Jones -- 15. Electoral Systems and Legislative Organization -- Shane Martin -- 16. Electoral Systems and Roles in the Legislative Arena -- Audrey André and Sam Depauw -- 17. Electoral Systems and Constituency Service -- Brian F. Crisp and William M. Simoneau -- 18. Direct Democracy and Referendums -- Matt Qvortrup -- 19. Electoral Systems in Authoritarian States -- Jennifer Gandhi and Abigail L. Heller -- Part IV. Electoral Systems and Research Design -- 20. Election Data and Levels of Analysis -- Ken Kollman -- 21. Experimental Research Design in the Study of Electoral Systems -- Joshua Tucker and Dominik Duell -- 22. Reconciling Approaches in the Study of Mixed-Member Electoral Systems -- Erik S. Herron, Kuniaki Nemoto, and Misa Nishikawa -- Part V. Holding Elections -- 23. Election Administration -- Thad E. Hall -- 24. Electoral Systems and Electoral Integrity -- Pippa Norris -- 25. Electoral Systems and Redistricting -- Lisa Handley -- 26. Electoral Systems and Campaign Finance -- Joel W. Johnson -- Part VI. Electoral Systems in Context -- 27. Electoral Systems in Context: The Netherlands -- Kristof Jacobs -- 28. Electoral Systems in Context: Israel -- Reuven Y. Hazan, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, and Gideon Rahat -- 29. Electoral Systems in Context: Finland -- Åsa von Schoultz -- 30. Electoral Systems in Context: United Kingdom -- Thomas Carl Lundberg -- 31. Electoral Systems in Context: Ireland -- Michael Marsh -- 32. Electoral Systems in Context: France -- Verónica Hoyo -- 33. Electoral Systems in Context: India -- Adam Ziegfeld -- 34. Electoral Systems in Context: United States -- Steven L. Taylor -- 35. Electoral Systems in Context: Canada -- Louis Massicotte -- 36. Electoral Systems in Context: Australia -- Ian McAllister and Toni Makkai -- 37. Electoral Systems in Context: Germany -- Thomas Zittel -- Part VII. Electoral Systems in the Context of Reform -- 38. Electoral Systems in Context: New Zealand -- Jack Vowles -- 39. Electoral Systems in Context: Japan -- Kuniaki Nemoto -- 40. Electoral Systems in Context: Italy -- Gianluca Passarelli -- 41. Electoral Systems in Context: Colombia -- Steven L. Taylor and Matthew S. Shugart -- Part VIII. Electoral Systems in the Context of New Democracies -- 42. Electoral Systems in Context: Ukraine -- Erik S. Herron -- 43. Electoral Systems in Context: Indonesia -- Nathan Allen -- 44. Electoral Systems in Context: South Africa -- Karen E. Ferree

Aftermath of the Ukrainian Crisis

Aftermath of the Ukrainian Crisis

  • Author: Panagiota Manoli
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134853742
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 110
  • View: 3978
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The crisis in Ukraine that began in November 2013 constitutes a turning point in Euro-Atlantic security with potential global repercussions. It is the most significant security problem between Russia and the ‘West’ in the post Cold War period and the crisis has marked a new era in global politics. Contributions in this edited volume attempt to address a number of key aspects of the Ukrainian issue. How does the crisis impact upon Black Sea geopolitics and on regional governance? How can EU – Russia relations evolve under the new multipolar system? How is NATO affected? How important is the energy parameter in Russia-Ukraine-EU triangle? This edited volume aims to discloses the diverse narratives on the roots, evolution and repercussions of the crisis, indicating the extent of its complexity and highlighting important parameters of the Ukrainian issue. This book was originally published as a special issue of Southeast European and Black Sea Studies.

Regional Intervention Politics in Africa

Regional Intervention Politics in Africa

Crisis, Hegemony, and the Transformation of Subjectivity

  • Author: Stefanie Wodrig
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1315436728
  • Category: History
  • Page: 188
  • View: 4592
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This book analyses regional interventions in African conflict spaces by engaging with political discourse theory. Interventions are a performance of agency, but what happens if interventions are performed by forces that scholars have hardly ever considered as relevant agents in this regard? Based on a study of regional politics towards the crises in Burundi and Zimbabwe, the book analyses how these interventions shaped and changed the emerging regional interveners. The book engages political discourse theory, proposing an understanding of intervention as a field, in which multiple and heterogeneous interpretations of the violence, the crisis, and the future post-conflict order ‘meet'. It is not hard to imagine that this encounter is not harmonious per se but full of frictions. By making use of political discourse theory as a grammar for studying the complexity of an intervention, the focus is directed to the emerging subjectivities of regional interveners. This enables a view of regional interventions that neither reduces their subjectivity to universalist categories associated with 'liberal peace' nor overenthusiastically embraces them as the solution to all problems. This book will be of interest to students of international intervention, discourse theory, African politics, war and conflict studies, security studies and IR.

The Future of Disaster Management in the U.S.

The Future of Disaster Management in the U.S.

Rethinking Legislation, Policy, and Finance

  • Author: Amy LePore
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1315310767
  • Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
  • Page: 260
  • View: 9913
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U.S. congressional debates over the last few years have highlighted a paradox: although research demonstrates that emergencies are most effectively managed at the local level, fiscal support and programmatic management in response to disasters has shifted to the federal level. While the growing complexity of catastrophes may overwhelm local capacities and would seem to necessitate more federal engagement, can a federal approach be sustainable, and can it contribute to local capacity-building? This timely book examines local capacity-building as well as the current legal, policy and fiscal framework for disaster management, questioning some of the fundamentals of the current system, exploring whether accountability and responsibilities are correctly placed, offering alternative models, and taking stock of the current practices that reflect an effective use of resources in a complex emergency management system. The Future of Disaster Management in the U.S. will be of interest to disaster and emergency managers as well as public servants and policy-makers at all levels tasked with responding to increasingly complex catastrophes of all kinds.

Publications Combined: Russia's Regular And Special Forces In The Regional And Global War On Terror

Publications Combined: Russia's Regular And Special Forces In The Regional And Global War On Terror

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Jeffrey Frank Jones
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 2427
  • View: 1565
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Over 2,400 total pages ... Russian outrage following the September 2004 hostage disaster at North Ossetia’s Beslan Middle School No.1 was reflected in many ways throughout the country. The 52-hour debacle resulted in the death of some 344 civilians, including more than 170 children, in addition to unprecedented losses of elite Russian security forces and the dispatch of most Chechen/allied hostage-takers themselves. It quickly became clear, as well, that Russian authorities had been less than candid about the number of hostages held and the extent to which they were prepared to deal with the situation. Amid grief, calls for retaliation, and demands for reform, one of the more telling reactions in terms of hardening public perspectives appeared in a national poll taken several days after the event. Some 54% of citizens polled specifically judged the Russian security forces and the police to be corrupt and thus complicit in the failure to deal adequately with terrorism, while 44% thought that no lessons for the future would be learned from the tragedy. This pessimism was the consequence not just of the Beslan terrorism, but the accumulation of years of often spectacular failures by Russian special operations forces (SOF, in the apt US military acronym). A series of Russian SOF counterterrorism mishaps, misjudgments, and failures in the 1990s and continuing to the present have made the Kremlin’s special operations establishment in 2005 appear much like Russia’s old Mir space station—wired together, unpredictable, and subject to sudden, startling failures. But Russia continued to maintain and expand a large, variegated special operations establishment which had borne the brunt of combat actions in Afghanistan, Chechnya, and other trouble spots, and was expected to serve as the nation’s principal shield against terrorism in all its forms. Known since Soviet days for tough personnel, personal bravery, demanding training, and a certain rough or brutal competence that not infrequently violated international human rights norms, it was supposed that Russian special operations forces—steeped in their world of “threats to the state” and associated with once-dreaded military and national intelligence services—could make valuable contributions to countering terrorism. The now widely perceived link between “corrupt” special forces on the one hand, and counterterrorism failures on the other, reflected the further erosion of Russia’s national security infrastructure in the eyes of both Russian citizens and international observers. There have been other, more ambiguous, but equally unsettling dimensions of Russian SOF activity as well, that have strong internal and external political aspects. These constitute the continuing assertions from Russian media, the judicial system, and other Federal agencies and officials that past and current members of the SOF establishment have organized to pursue interests other than those publicly declared by the state or allowed under law. This includes especially the alleged intent to punish by assassination those individuals and groups that they believe have betrayed Russia. The murky nature of these alleged activities has formed a backdrop to other problems in the special units.

Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility

Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility

Challenging Complexity

  • Author: Cornelia Ulbert,Peter Finkenbusch,Elena Sondermann,Tobias Debiel
  • Publisher: Routledge Global Cooperation Series
  • ISBN: 9781138707436
  • Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
  • Page: 210
  • View: 9630
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"At a time when globalization has side-lined many of the traditional, state-based addressees of legal accountability, assigning responsibility is contested in many transnational fields. There, political, economic, and social actors struggle to define the collectively binding rules of moral conduct. It is still unclear how blame is allocated in the new, highly-differentiated, multi-actor governance arrangements by which today's world is characterised. Moral Agency and the Politics of Responsibility investigates how actors in complex governance arrangements negotiate, delegate and distribute responsibility. This book asks how moral duties can be defined beyond the territorial and legal confines of the nation-state, how the moral agency of individuals and collective actors can be enhanced; and how obligations and accountability mechanisms for a post-national world, in which responsibility remains vague, ambiguous and contested, can be established. Using both empirical and theoretical perspectives, the book explores the politics of responsibility that plays out as responsibility relationships emerge, develop, and change. This book is perfect for scholars of International Relations, Politics, Philosophy and Political Economy with an interest in the increasingly popular topics of moral agency and responsibility" --

Disaster Policy and Politics

Disaster Policy and Politics

Emergency Management and Homeland Security

  • Author: Richard Sylves
  • Publisher: CQ Press
  • ISBN: 1483324133
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 1766
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In the Second Edition of Disaster Policy and Politics, author Richard Sylves covers the hottest and most controversial issues in the fields of disaster management and homeland security. The work provides a careful and balanced analysis of U.S. disaster politics and policy, paying special attention to the role of key actors—decision makers at the federal, state, and local levels. The book’s comprehensive “all-hazards” approach introduces readers to important public policy, organizational management, and leadership issues whether they aspire to be emergency managers or not. Crafted to be more instructor- and student-friendly, the 10-chapter volume includes boxed mini–case studies depicting disasters large and small. Among its aims are to provide illuminating examples, context, and humanitarian relevance.

Russia and the EU

Russia and the EU

Spaces of Interaction

  • Author: Thomas Hoffmann,Andrey Makarychev
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351398369
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 254
  • View: 3925
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The annexation of Crimea in 2014 and Russia’s support for military insurgency in eastern Ukraine undermined two decades of cooperation between Russia and the EU leaving both sides in a situation of reciprocal economic sanctions and political alienation. What is left of previous positive experiences and mutually beneficial interactions between the two parties? And, what new communication practices and strategies might Russia and Europe use? Previously coherent and institutionalized spaces of communication and dialogue between Moscow and Brussels have fragmented into relations that, while certainly not cooperative, are also not necessarily adversarial. Exploring these spaces, contributors consider how this indeterminacy makes cooperation problematic, though not impossible, and examine the shrunken, yet still existent, expanse of interaction between Russia and the EU. Analysing to what extent Russian foreign policy philosophy is compatible with European ideas of democracy, and whether Russia might pragmatically profit from the liberal democratic order, the volume also focuses on the practical implementation of these discourses and conceptualizations as policy instruments. This book is an important resource for researchers in Russian and Soviet Politics, Eastern European Politics and the policy, politics and expansion of the European Union.

Political Communication in Real Time

Political Communication in Real Time

Theoretical and Applied Research Approaches

  • Author: Dan Schill,Rita Kirk,Amy E. Jasperson
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317363051
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 282
  • View: 3750
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Much has been made of the speed and constancy of modern politics. Whether watching cable news, retweeting political posts, or receiving news alerts on our phones, political communication now happens continuously and in real time. Traditional research methods often do not capture this dynamic environment. Early studies that guided the study of political communication took place at a time when transistors and FM radio, television, and widely distributed films technologically changed the way people gained information and developed knowledge of the world around them. Now, the environment has transformed again through digital innovations. This book provides one of the first systematic assessment of real-time methods used to study the new digital media environment. It features twelve chapters—authored by leading researchers in the field—using continuous or real time response methods to study political communication in various forms. Moreover, the authors explain how viewer attitudes can be measured over time, message effects can be pin-­pointed down to the second of impact, behaviors can be tracked and analyzed unobtrusively, and respondents can naturally respond on their smartphone, tablet, or even console gaming system. Leading practitioners in the field working for CNN, Microsoft, and Twitter show how the approach is being innovatively used in the field. Political Communication in Real Time is a welcome addition to the growing field of interest in "big data" and continuous response research. This volume will appeal to scholars and practitioners in political science and communication studies wishing to gain new insights into the strengths and limitations of this approach. Political communication is a continuous process, so theories, applications, and cognitive models of such communication require continuous measures and methods.

The Political Economy of Emerging Markets

The Political Economy of Emerging Markets

Varieties of BRICS in the Age of Global Crises and Austerity

  • Author: Richard Westra
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317309197
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 224
  • View: 9533
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Rapid and sustained growth in the twenty-first-century global economy of large developing economies including Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, has captivated policy-makers and popular business press pundits alike. The coining of the new acronym BRICS and widespread adoption in international economics discourse of the designation "emerging markets" is symptomatic of that interest. The Political Economy of Emerging Markets situates the BRICS phenomena in the global economic context of advanced economies continuing to languish in recession and hovering over a deflationary abyss several years after the meltdown. A key question this volume seeks to answer is whether the BRICS and so-called "emerging market" phenomenon is really the new miracle it is presented as, offering new or modified varieties of reloaded capitalist development to the world, or yet another mirage. Written by ten leading global experts, this book answers the tough questions over BRICS and emerging markets potentially realizing new varieties of reloaded capitalism. It is not only international and interdisciplinary but uniquely multiperspectival. Theories framing chapters are not of one genre, but generate theoretical debate at the frontier of knowledge in political economy along with nuanced empirical analysis which flows from it. This book is of great importance to those who study political economy, development economics and international political economy.

2014 Crisis in Ukraine. Perspectives, Reflections, International Reverberations

2014 Crisis in Ukraine. Perspectives, Reflections, International Reverberations

  • Author: Karol Kujawa,Valeriy Morkva,Klaus Bachmann,Monika Byrska ,Filiz Çoban,Soner Karagül,Marta Králiková,Jan Muś,Sezai Ozcelik,Didem Saygin,Emanuele Scimia,Ercüment Tezcan,Mehlika Özlem Ultan,Andrei Vardomatski
  • Publisher: ASLAN Publishing House
  • ISBN: 8393914175
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4825
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This book is a collective attempt to present a wide-ranging picture of international attitudes towards the events currently ongoing in Ukraine. As some experts have already tended to claim, in 2014 this post-Soviet state lying in the Eastern part of the European continent has become a scene of the most serious geopolitical standoff since the end of the Cold war. It would be in place here to remind a well-known clear-cut maxim, formulated by Zbigniew Brzeziński in late 1990s and concerning Ukraine’s key role in shaping the Russian imperial self-identity: “Without Ukraine Russia ceases to be a Eurasian empire”. So what may readers expect to find in this book? It has been divided into two parts, reflecting the perspectives on Ukrainian crisis: first, the perspective of Ukraine’s close neighbours from Central Eastern Europe and Turkey; second, the perspectives of the global players like the EU, the US or China. We hope that such a publication focused on the above-mentioned problems and embedded in the actual reality will be useful both for professionals in the field of political science, as well as for those who have an influence on the shape of the foreign policy.

Media, crisis, and democracy

Media, crisis, and democracy

mass communication and the disruption of social order

  • Author: Marc Raboy,Bernard Dagenais
  • Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
  • ISBN: 9780803986398
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 199
  • View: 2892
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In modern states, the functioning of democratic politics is centrally tied to the role of the media in the creation and dissemination of information, images and ideas. The contributors to this book explore through a number of different contexts the way in which crises highlight the problematic issues of media performance in democratic states. At a general level, the book examines the relationship between communication and civil society. To what extent do actual or imputed threats to the sovereignty of the nation-state serve to subvert the contribution of the media to the democratic political process? How far do crises reveal only the existing ideological and hegemonic functions of the mainstream media in representing established social and political interests? Is 'crisis' itself essentially a media construct? These theoretical problems are explored through a number of actual cases of media responses to 'crises', ranging from the Gulf War of 1991 to recent events in Eastern Europe. Individual examples of mediated crises emphasise the complexities of understanding the role of the media in struggles of identity around nationality, ethnicity and gender.

The Syrian Conflict

The Syrian Conflict

  • Author: Ghaidaa (iStrategic LLC Hetou, USA),Ghaidaa Hetou
  • Publisher: Routledge India
  • ISBN: 9781138501935
  • Category:
  • Page: 170
  • View: 9328
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This book explores the global impact of the Syrian conflict, and the roles of Russia, Iran and the US in its wake. It looks closely at origins of political turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region by analyzing the growing influence of Russia and Iran -- militarily, economically, and diplomatically -- juxtaposed against US defense and national interests. The book: Challenges the conventional scholarship to show how non-democratic states such as Russia, Iran and China exhibit a consistent strategic intent in their foreign policymaking; Underlines the convergence of Syrian foreign policy with Russia's (USSR before 1989) and Iran's regional outlook post-1979; Takes stock of the shifts in the US foreign policy in MENA in light of new realities. Drawing on detailed fieldwork and archival material, including National Security Archival documents, this book is a tour de forcein understanding global politics and contemporary history. It will be indispensable to scholars and researchers of politics and international relations, political theory, foreign policy, Middle East studies, and peace and conflict studies.

Current Politics and Economics of Russia

Current Politics and Economics of Russia

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Russia (Federation)
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3626
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NATO's Lessons in Crisis

NATO's Lessons in Crisis

Institutional Memory in International Organizations

  • Author: Heidi Hardt
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019067217X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 4597
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Errors in crisis management operations can have deadly consequences. Some international organizations take steps to reform, whereas other organizations tend to repeat the same errors. As budget cuts have led to increased turnover in personnel, how is it that international organizations havemaintained any knowledge about past errors?This book introduces an argument for how and why international organizations develop institutional memory of strategic errors. As Heidi Hardt shows, formal learning processes - such as lessons learned offices and databases - can ironically deter elite officials from using the processes to sharetheir relevant knowledge. Elites have few professional incentives to report observed strategic errors. As a result, most memory-building occurs behind the scenes via informal processes. These informal processes include elites' use of transnational interpersonal networks, private documentation, andconversations during crisis management exercises. Such processes ensure that institutional memory develops, but they do so at a price: an organization's memory is vulnerable to knowledge loss if even one critical elite chooses to retire.Hardt tests her argument through extensive, original field research inside one of the world's largest crisis management organizations - the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). She conducted interviews and a survey experiment with 120 NATO elites, including almost all NATO ambassadors andmilitary representatives, all assistant secretary generals, and civilian and military leaders engaged in the decision-making and planning of operations. Her findings provide insights into NATO's institutional memory concerning three cases of crisis management in Afghanistan, Libya, and Ukraine.Ultimately, this book argues that formal learning processes alone are insufficient for an organization to capture knowledge, learn and change.