Search Results for "the-politics-of-authoritarian-rule-cambridge-studies-in-comparative-politics"

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

  • Author: Milan W. Svolik
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110702479X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 7872
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"What drives politics in dictatorships? Milan W. Svolik argues authoritarian regimes must resolve two fundamental conflicts. Dictators face threats from the masses over which they rule - the problem of authoritarian control. Secondly from the elites with whom dictators rule - the problem of authoritarian power-sharing. Using the tools of game theory, Svolik explains why some dictators establish personal autocracy and stay in power for decades; why elsewhere leadership changes are regular and institutionalized, as in contemporary China; why some dictatorships are ruled by soldiers, as Uganda was under Idi Amin; why many authoritarian regimes, such as PRI-era Mexico, maintain regime-sanctioned political parties; and why a country's authoritarian past casts a long shadow over its prospects for democracy, as the unfolding events of the Arab Spring reveal. Svolik complements these and other historical case studies with the statistical analysis on institutions, leaders and ruling coalitions across dictatorships from 1946 to 2008"--

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

  • Author: Milan W. Svolik
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139561073
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5029
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What drives politics in dictatorships? Milan W. Svolik argues authoritarian regimes must resolve two fundamental conflicts. Dictators face threats from the masses over which they rule - the problem of authoritarian control. Secondly from the elites with whom dictators rule - the problem of authoritarian power-sharing. Using the tools of game theory, Svolik explains why some dictators establish personal autocracy and stay in power for decades; why elsewhere leadership changes are regular and institutionalized, as in contemporary China; why some dictatorships are ruled by soldiers, as Uganda was under Idi Amin; why many authoritarian regimes, such as PRI-era Mexico, maintain regime-sanctioned political parties; and why a country's authoritarian past casts a long shadow over its prospects for democracy, as the unfolding events of the Arab Spring reveal. Svolik complements these and other historical case studies with the statistical analysis on institutions, leaders and ruling coalitions across dictatorships from 1946 to 2008.

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

  • Author: Milan W. Svolik
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781107607453
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 258
  • View: 653
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What drives politics in dictatorships? Milan W. Svolik argues that all authoritarian regimes must resolve two fundamental conflicts. First, dictators face threats from the masses over which they rule - this is the problem of authoritarian control. A second, separate challenge arises from the elites with whom dictators rule - this is the problem of authoritarian power-sharing. Crucially, whether and how dictators resolve these two problems is shaped by the dismal environment in which authoritarian politics takes place: in a dictatorship, no independent authority has the power to enforce agreements among key actors and violence is the ultimate arbiter of conflict. Using the tools of game theory, Svolik explains why some dictators, such as Saddam Hussein, establish personal autocracy and stay in power for decades; why leadership changes elsewhere are regular and institutionalized, as in contemporary China; why some dictatorships are ruled by soldiers, as Uganda was under Idi Amin; why many authoritarian regimes, such as PRI-era Mexico, maintain regime-sanctioned political parties; and why a country's authoritarian past casts a long shadow over its prospects for democracy, as the unfolding events of the Arab Spring reveal. When assessing his arguments, Svolik complements these and other historical case studies with the statistical analysis of comprehensive, original data on institutions, leaders, and ruling coalitions across all dictatorships from 1946 to 2008.

Ordering Power

Ordering Power

Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia

  • Author: Dan Slater
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139489968
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5795
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Like the postcolonial world more generally, Southeast Asia exhibits tremendous variation in state capacity and authoritarian durability. Ordering Power draws on theoretical insights dating back to Thomas Hobbes to develop a unified framework for explaining both of these political outcomes. States are especially strong and dictatorships especially durable when they have their origins in 'protection pacts': broad elite coalitions unified by shared support for heightened state power and tightened authoritarian controls as bulwarks against especially threatening and challenging types of contentious politics. These coalitions provide the elite collective action underpinning strong states, robust ruling parties, cohesive militaries, and durable authoritarian regimes - all at the same time. Comparative-historical analysis of seven Southeast Asian countries (Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Vietnam, and Thailand) reveals that subtly divergent patterns of contentious politics after World War II provide the best explanation for the dramatic divergence in Southeast Asia's contemporary states and regimes.

Autocracy and Redistribution

Autocracy and Redistribution

  • Author: Michael Albertus
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107106559
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6524
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This book shows that land redistribution - the most consequential form of redistribution in the developing world - occurs more often under dictatorship than democracy. It offers a novel theory of land reform and tests it using extensive original data dating back to 1900.

Democracy and Redistribution

Democracy and Redistribution

  • Author: Carles Boix
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521532679
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 6736
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In this 2003 book, Boix offers a complete theory of political transitions.

How Institutions Evolve

How Institutions Evolve

The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

  • Author: Kathleen Thelen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139456199
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6182
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The institutional arrangements governing skill formation are widely seen as a key element in the institutional constellations defining 'varieties of capitalism' across the developed democracies. This book explores the origins and evolution of such institutions in four countries - Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan. It traces cross-national differences in contemporary training regimes back to the nineteenth century, and specifically to the character of the political settlement achieved among employers in skill-intensive industries, artisans, and early trade unions. The book also tracks evolution and change in training institutions over a century of development, uncovering important continuities through putative 'break points' in history. Crucially, it also provides insights into modes of institutional change that are incremental but cumulatively transformative. The study underscores the limits of the most prominent approaches to institutional change, and identifies the political processes through which the form and functions of institutions can be radically reconfigured over time.

Boundary Control

Boundary Control

Subnational Authoritarianism in Federal Democracies

  • Author: Edward L. Gibson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521192234
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 9114
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The democratization of the national government is only a first step in the diffusion of democracy throughout a country's territory. Even after a national government is democratized, subnational authoritarian "enclaves" often continue to deny rights to citizens of local jurisdictions. This is a common but little-understood problem in the post-communist and developing world and was a key facet of American politics until the fall of the "Solid South" in the mid-twentieth century. This book explains how subnational authoritarianism is part of normal democratic politics and strategic interactions between local authoritarians and national democratic leaders.

Making Autocracy Work

Making Autocracy Work

  • Author: Rory Truex
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107172438
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 7324
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This book uses original data from China's National People's Congress to challenge conceptions of representation, authoritarianism, and the political system.

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy

  • Author: Jose Antonio Cheibub
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521542449
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 202
  • View: 7796
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This book questions the reasons why presidential democracies more likely to break down than parliamentary ones.

Tying the Autocrat's Hands

Tying the Autocrat's Hands

  • Author: Yuhua Wang
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107071747
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 216
  • View: 2268
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Tying the Autocrat's Hands provides a comprehensive, empirical evaluation of legal reforms in contemporary China. Based on the author's extensive fieldwork and analyses of original data, the book tells a story in which foreign investors with weak political connections push for judicial empowerment in China, while Chinese investors struggle to hold on to their privileges.

Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism

Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism

The Puzzle of Distributive Politics

  • Author: Susan C. Stokes,Thad Dunning,Marcelo Nazareno,Valeria Brusco
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107042208
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 316
  • View: 3982
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Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism studies distributive politics: how parties and governments use material resources to win elections. The authors develop a theory that explains why loyal supporters, rather than swing voters, tend to benefit from pork-barrel politics; why poverty encourages clientelism and vote buying; and why redistribution and voter participation do not justify non-programmatic distribution.

The Political Economy of Dictatorship

The Political Economy of Dictatorship

  • Author: Ronald Wintrobe
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521794497
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 390
  • View: 6337
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This book uses rational choice theory to understand the behaviour of dictators.

Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

  • Author: Frances Hagopian
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521032889
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 3760
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This book is about politics in Brazil during the military regime of 1964-85 and the transition to democracy. Unlike most books about contemporary Brazilian politics that focus on promising signs of change, this book seeks to explain remarkable political continuity in the Brazilian political system. It attributes the persistence of traditional politics and the dominance of regionally-based, traditional political elites in particular to the manner in which the economic and political strategies of the military, together with the transition to democracy, reinforced the clientelistic, personalistic, and regional basis of state-society relations. The book focuses on the political competition and representation in the state of Minas Gerais.

Rule by Law

Rule by Law

The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes

  • Author: Tom Ginsburg,Tamir Moustafa
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139473131
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4928
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Scholars have generally assumed that courts in authoritarian states are pawns of their regimes, upholding the interests of governing elites and frustrating the efforts of their opponents. As a result, nearly all studies in comparative judicial politics have focused on democratic and democratizing countries. This volume brings together leading scholars in comparative judicial politics to consider the causes and consequences of judicial empowerment in authoritarian states. It demonstrates the wide range of governance tasks that courts perform, as well as the way in which courts can serve as critical sites of contention both among the ruling elite and between regimes and their citizens. Drawing on empirical and theoretical insights from every major region of the world, this volume advances our understanding of judicial politics in authoritarian regimes.

Multi-Ethnic Coalitions in Africa

Multi-Ethnic Coalitions in Africa

Business Financing of Opposition Election Campaigns

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107021111
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6000
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Africa's long-ruling incumbents stay in power because opposition politicians struggle to secure the finances required to build electoral coalitions.

Dictators and their Secret Police

Dictators and their Secret Police

Coercive Institutions and State Violence

  • Author: Sheena Chestnut Greitens
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316712567
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4403
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How do dictators stay in power? When, and how, do they use repression to do so? Dictators and their Secret Police explores the role of the coercive apparatus under authoritarian rule in Asia - how these secret organizations originated, how they operated, and how their violence affected ordinary citizens. Greitens argues that autocrats face a coercive dilemma: whether to create internal security forces designed to manage popular mobilization, or defend against potential coup. Violence against civilians, she suggests, is a byproduct of their attempt to resolve this dilemma. Drawing on a wealth of new historical evidence, this book challenges conventional wisdom on dictatorship: what autocrats are threatened by, how they respond, and how this affects the lives and security of the millions under their rule. It offers an unprecedented view into the use of surveillance, coercion, and violence, and sheds new light on the institutional and social foundations of authoritarian power.

Ruling Before the Law

Ruling Before the Law

The Politics of Legal Regimes in China and Indonesia

  • Author: William Hurst
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108427200
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1472
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Building on extensive fieldwork in China and Indonesia, Hurst offers a valuable comparison of legal systems in practice.

Forbearance as Redistribution

Forbearance as Redistribution

The Politics of Informal Welfare in Latin America

  • Author: Alisha C. Holland
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316802698
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8276
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Why do governments tolerate the violation of their own laws and regulations? Conventional wisdom is that governments cannot enforce their laws. Forbearance as Redistribution challenges the standard interpretation by showing that politicians choose not to enforce laws to distribute resources and win elections. Alisha Holland demonstrates that this forbearance towards activities such as squatting and street vending is a powerful strategy for attracting the electoral support of poor voters. In many developing countries, state social programs are small or poorly targeted and thus do not offer politicians an effective means to mobilize the poor. In contrast, forbearance constitutes an informal welfare policy around which Holland argues much of urban politics turns. While forbearance offers social support to those failed by their governments, it also perpetuates the same exclusionary welfare policies from which it grows.

Rivalry and Revenge

Rivalry and Revenge

  • Author: Laia Balcells
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107118697
  • Category: History
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5917
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This book explores the motives of local political elites and armed groups in carrying out violence against civilians during civil war.