Search Results for "the-politics-of-authoritarian-rule-cambridge-studies-in-comparative-politics"

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

  • Author: Milan W. Svolik
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110702479X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 791
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"What drives politics in dictatorships? Milan W. Svolik argues authoritarian regimes must resolve two fundamental conflicts. Dictators face threats from the masses over which they rule - the problem of authoritarian control. Secondly from the elites with whom dictators rule - the problem of authoritarian power-sharing. Using the tools of game theory, Svolik explains why some dictators establish personal autocracy and stay in power for decades; why elsewhere leadership changes are regular and institutionalized, as in contemporary China; why some dictatorships are ruled by soldiers, as Uganda was under Idi Amin; why many authoritarian regimes, such as PRI-era Mexico, maintain regime-sanctioned political parties; and why a country's authoritarian past casts a long shadow over its prospects for democracy, as the unfolding events of the Arab Spring reveal. Svolik complements these and other historical case studies with the statistical analysis on institutions, leaders and ruling coalitions across dictatorships from 1946 to 2008"--

Rule By Law

Rule By Law

The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes

  • Author: Tom Ginsburg,Tamir Moustafa
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521720410
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 392
  • View: 3335
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Scholars have generally assumed that courts in authoritarian states are pawns of their regimes, upholding the interests of governing elites and frustrating the efforts of their opponents. As a result, nearly all studies in comparative judicial politics have focused on democratic and democratizing countries. This volume brings together leading scholars in comparative judicial politics to consider the causes and consequences of judicial empowerment in authoritarian states. It demonstrates the wide range of governance tasks that courts perform, as well as the way in which courts can serve as critical sites of contention both among the ruling elite and between regimes and their citizens. Drawing on empirical and theoretical insights from every major region of the world, this volume advances our understanding of judicial politics in authoritarian regimes.

Religion and Authoritarianism

Religion and Authoritarianism

Cooperation, Conflict, and the Consequences

  • Author: Karrie J. Koesel
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107037069
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 242
  • View: 3880
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This book examines the political consequences of growing religiosity in countries where politics are repressive and religious freedoms are in flux. The study compares how two authoritarian regimes - Russia and China - manage religion and how religious communities navigate restrictive political environments to pursue their own spiritual and economic interests.

Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization

Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization

  • Author: Jason Brownlee
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139464469
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1121
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Far from sweeping the globe uniformly, the 'third wave of democratization' left burgeoning republics and resilient dictatorships in its wake. Applying more than a year of original fieldwork in Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, and the Philippines, in this book Jason Brownlee shows that the mixed record of recent democratization is best deciphered through a historical and institutional approach to authoritarian rule. Exposing the internal organizations that structure elite conflict, Brownlee demonstrates why the critical soft-liners needed for democratic transitions have been dormant in Egypt and Malaysia but outspoken in Iran and the Philippines. By establishing how ruling parties originated and why they impede change, Brownlee illuminates the problem of contemporary authoritarianism and informs the promotion of durable democracy.

Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

  • Author: Frances Hagopian
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521032889
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 8052
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This book is about politics in Brazil during the military regime of 1964-85 and the transition to democracy. Unlike most books about contemporary Brazilian politics that focus on promising signs of change, this book seeks to explain remarkable political continuity in the Brazilian political system. It attributes the persistence of traditional politics and the dominance of regionally-based, traditional political elites in particular to the manner in which the economic and political strategies of the military, together with the transition to democracy, reinforced the clientelistic, personalistic, and regional basis of state-society relations. The book focuses on the political competition and representation in the state of Minas Gerais.

Democracy and Redistribution

Democracy and Redistribution

  • Author: Carles Boix
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521532679
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 657
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In this 2003 book, Boix offers a complete theory of political transitions.

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Eine Globalgeschichte 1780-1914

  • Author: Christopher A. Bayly
  • Publisher: Campus Verlag
  • ISBN: 3593404885
  • Category: History
  • Page: 650
  • View: 6678
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Christopher Baylys weltumspannender Blick auf das Agieren der Staaten, die vielfältigen Ausprägungen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, Religionen und Lebensweisen zeigt auf verblüffende Weise, wie eng schon im 19. Jahrhundert die Entwicklung Europas mit dem Geschehen in den anderen Erdteilen verknüpft war. »Ein mutiger Wurf, der geeignet ist, eingefahrene Sichtweisen aufzubrechen.« Johannes Willms, Süddeutsche Zeitung »Dieses Werk schafft ein neues Geschichtsbild; wie viele Bücher können das schon von sich behaupten?« Frankfurter Rundschau Ausgezeichnet als "Historisches Buch des Jahres" der Zeitschrift DAMALS Ausgezeichnet von H-Soz-u-Kult als "Das Historische Buch 2007" in der Kategorie "Entangled History"

Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries

Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries

  • Author: Valerie J. Bunce,Sharon L. Wolchik
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107006856
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 373
  • View: 512
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From 1998 to 2005, six elections took place in postcommunist Europe that had the surprising outcome of empowering the opposition and defeating authoritarian incumbents or their designated successors. Valerie J. Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik compare these unexpected electoral breakthroughs. They draw three conclusions. First, the opposition was victorious because of the hard and creative work of a transnational network composed of local opposition and civil society groups, members of the international democracy assistance community and graduates of successful electoral challenges to authoritarian rule in other countries. Second, the remarkable run of these upset elections reflected the ability of this network to diffuse an ensemble of innovative electoral strategies across state boundaries. Finally, elections can serve as a powerful mechanism for democratic change. This is especially the case when civil society is strong, the transfer of political power is through constitutional means, and opposition leaders win with small mandates.

Tying the Autocrat's Hands

Tying the Autocrat's Hands

  • Author: Yuhua Wang
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107071747
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 216
  • View: 6629
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Tying the Autocrat's Hands provides a comprehensive, empirical evaluation of legal reforms in contemporary China. Based on the author's extensive fieldwork and analyses of original data, the book tells a story in which foreign investors with weak political connections push for judicial empowerment in China, while Chinese investors struggle to hold on to their privileges.

Soziologie - Kapitalismus - Kritik

Soziologie - Kapitalismus - Kritik

Eine Debatte

  • Author: Klaus Dörre,Stephan Lessenich,Hartmut Rosa
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 351873234X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 327
  • View: 752
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Einst gehörte es zu den zentralen Aufgaben der Soziologie, die moderne Gesellschaft über die sozialen Voraussetzungen und Konsequenzen ihrer Krisenhaftigkeit aufzuklären. Diesem heute oft vernachlässigten Anliegen fühlen sich die Autoren dieses Bandes verpflichtet und stellen die Frage nach dem zeitdiagnostischen Potential soziologischer Analyse in den Mittelpunkt einer Debatte. Zeitdiagnostisch fundierte Gesellschaftskritik, so eine ihrer Thesen, gehört zum Kerngeschäft der Soziologie. Eine zweite besagt, daß jede Gesellschaftskritik der Gegenwart notwendig auch Kapitalismuskritik sein muß. Anhand von drei unterschiedlichen, aber komplementären Perspektiven auf aktuelle Prozesse der Landnahme, der Aktivierung und der Beschleunigung wird eine soziologische Kritik der Gegenwartsgesellschaft entfaltet, die zugleich Ansatzpunkte für politisches Handeln aufzeigt.

The Politics of Corruption in Dictatorships

The Politics of Corruption in Dictatorships

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 1107083230
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8630
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Comparative Politics

Comparative Politics

Interests, Identities, and Institutions in a Changing Global Order

  • Author: Jeffrey Kopstein,Mark Lichbach
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139446044
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 519
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Now in a completely updated second edition, this textbook has become a favorite for the introductory undergraduate course in comparative politics. It features ten theoretically and historically grounded country studies that show how the three major concepts of comparative analysis - interests, identities, and institutions - shape the politics of nations. Throughout the presentation, countries appear in the context of a changing global order that creates challenges to each country's path of development. These challenges frequently alter domestic interests and identities, and force countries to find new institutional solutions to the problems of modern politics. Written in a style free of heavy-handed jargon and organized to address the concerns of contemporary comparativists, this textbook provides students with the conceptual tools and historical background they need to understand the politics of our complex world.

Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy

Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy

  • Author: Michael Albertus,Victor Menaldo
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107199824
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 322
  • View: 8660
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Provides an innovative theory of regime transitions and outcomes, and tests it using extensive evidence between 1800 and today.

Ordering Power

Ordering Power

Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia

  • Author: Dan Slater
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139489968
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3361
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Like the postcolonial world more generally, Southeast Asia exhibits tremendous variation in state capacity and authoritarian durability. Ordering Power draws on theoretical insights dating back to Thomas Hobbes to develop a unified framework for explaining both of these political outcomes. States are especially strong and dictatorships especially durable when they have their origins in 'protection pacts': broad elite coalitions unified by shared support for heightened state power and tightened authoritarian controls as bulwarks against especially threatening and challenging types of contentious politics. These coalitions provide the elite collective action underpinning strong states, robust ruling parties, cohesive militaries, and durable authoritarian regimes - all at the same time. Comparative-historical analysis of seven Southeast Asian countries (Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Vietnam, and Thailand) reveals that subtly divergent patterns of contentious politics after World War II provide the best explanation for the dramatic divergence in Southeast Asia's contemporary states and regimes.

Popular Movements in Autocracies

Popular Movements in Autocracies

Religion, Repression, and Indigenous Collective Action in Mexico

  • Author: Guillermo Trejo
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521197724
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 307
  • View: 3805
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A new explanation of the rise, development and demise of social movements and cycles of protest in autocracies.

The Politics of Protest in Hybrid Regimes

The Politics of Protest in Hybrid Regimes

Managing Dissent in Post-Communist Russia

  • Author: Graeme B. Robertson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139491865
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6967
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Since the end of the Cold War, more and more countries feature political regimes that are neither liberal democracies nor closed authoritarian systems. Most research on these hybrid regimes focuses on how elites manipulate elections to stay in office, but in places as diverse as Bolivia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Thailand, Ukraine and Venezuela, protest in the streets has been at least as important as elections in bringing about political change. The Politics of Protest in Hybrid Regimes builds on previously unpublished data and extensive fieldwork in Russia to show how one high-profile hybrid regime manages political competition in the workplace and in the streets. More generally, the book develops a theory of how the nature of organizations in society, state strategies for mobilizing supporters, and elite competition shape political protest in hybrid regimes.

Competitive Authoritarianism

Competitive Authoritarianism

Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War

  • Author: Steven Levitsky,Lucan A. Way
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139491482
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8785
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Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that where social, economic, and technocratic ties to the West were extensive, as in Eastern Europe and the Americas, the external cost of abuse led incumbents to cede power rather than crack down, which led to democratization. Where ties to the West were limited, external democratizing pressure was weaker and countries rarely democratized. In these cases, regime outcomes hinged on the character of state and ruling party organizations. Where incumbents possessed developed and cohesive coercive party structures, they could thwart opposition challenges, and competitive authoritarian regimes survived; where incumbents lacked such organizational tools, regimes were unstable but rarely democratized.

Making Autocracy Work

Making Autocracy Work

  • Author: Rory Truex
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107172438
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 1794
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This book uses original data from China's National People's Congress to challenge conceptions of representation, authoritarianism, and the political system.

The New Politics of Strategic Resources

The New Politics of Strategic Resources

Energy and Food Security Challenges in the 21st Century

  • Author: David Steven,Emily O'Brien,Bruce D. Jones
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815725345
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 365
  • View: 9412
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Since 2008, energy and food markets—those most fundamental to human existence—have remained in turmoil. Resource scarcity has had a much bigger global impact in recent years than has been predicted, with ongoing volatility a sign that the world is only part-way through navigating a treacherous transition in the way it uses resources. Scarcity, and perceptions of scarcity, increase political risks, while geopolitical turmoil exacerbates shortages and complicates the search for solutions. The New Politics of Strategic Resources examines the political dimensions of strategic resource challenges at the domestic and international levels. For better or worse, energy and food markets are shaped by perceptions of national interest and do not behave as traditional market goods. So while markets are an essential part of any response to tighter resource supplies, governments also will play a key role. David Steven, Emily O'Brien, Bruce Jones, and their colleagues discuss what those roles are and what they should be. The architecture for coordinating multilateral responses to these dynamics has fallen short, raising questions about the effective international management of these issues. Politics impede here too, as the major powers must negotiate political and security trade-offs to cooperate on the design of more robust international regimes and mechanisms for resource security and the provision of global public goods. This timely volume includes chapters on major powers (United States, India, China) and key suppliers (Russia, Saudi Arabia). The contributors also address thematic topics, such as the interaction between oil and state fragility; the changing political dynamics of climate change; and the politics of resource subsidies.