Search Results for "the-politics-of-authoritarian-rule-cambridge-studies-in-comparative-politics"

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

The Politics of Authoritarian Rule

  • Author: Milan W. Svolik
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110702479X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 4598
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"What drives politics in dictatorships? Milan W. Svolik argues authoritarian regimes must resolve two fundamental conflicts. Dictators face threats from the masses over which they rule - the problem of authoritarian control. Secondly from the elites with whom dictators rule - the problem of authoritarian power-sharing. Using the tools of game theory, Svolik explains why some dictators establish personal autocracy and stay in power for decades; why elsewhere leadership changes are regular and institutionalized, as in contemporary China; why some dictatorships are ruled by soldiers, as Uganda was under Idi Amin; why many authoritarian regimes, such as PRI-era Mexico, maintain regime-sanctioned political parties; and why a country's authoritarian past casts a long shadow over its prospects for democracy, as the unfolding events of the Arab Spring reveal. Svolik complements these and other historical case studies with the statistical analysis on institutions, leaders and ruling coalitions across dictatorships from 1946 to 2008"--

Ordering Power

Ordering Power

Contentious Politics and Authoritarian Leviathans in Southeast Asia

  • Author: Dan Slater
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139489968
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3125
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Like the postcolonial world more generally, Southeast Asia exhibits tremendous variation in state capacity and authoritarian durability. Ordering Power draws on theoretical insights dating back to Thomas Hobbes to develop a unified framework for explaining both of these political outcomes. States are especially strong and dictatorships especially durable when they have their origins in 'protection pacts': broad elite coalitions unified by shared support for heightened state power and tightened authoritarian controls as bulwarks against especially threatening and challenging types of contentious politics. These coalitions provide the elite collective action underpinning strong states, robust ruling parties, cohesive militaries, and durable authoritarian regimes - all at the same time. Comparative-historical analysis of seven Southeast Asian countries (Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Vietnam, and Thailand) reveals that subtly divergent patterns of contentious politics after World War II provide the best explanation for the dramatic divergence in Southeast Asia's contemporary states and regimes.

Democracy and Redistribution

Democracy and Redistribution

  • Author: Carles Boix
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521532679
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 6424
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In this 2003 book, Boix offers a complete theory of political transitions.

Autocracy and Redistribution

Autocracy and Redistribution

  • Author: Michael Albertus
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107106559
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 2914
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This book shows that land redistribution - the most consequential form of redistribution in the developing world - occurs more often under dictatorship than democracy. It offers a novel theory of land reform and tests it using extensive original data dating back to 1900.

Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism

Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism

The Puzzle of Distributive Politics

  • Author: Susan C. Stokes,Thad Dunning,Marcelo Nazareno,Valeria Brusco
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107042208
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 316
  • View: 5189
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Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism studies distributive politics: how parties and governments use material resources to win elections. The authors develop a theory that explains why loyal supporters, rather than swing voters, tend to benefit from pork-barrel politics; why poverty encourages clientelism and vote buying; and why redistribution and voter participation do not justify non-programmatic distribution.

Authoritarian Rule of Law

Authoritarian Rule of Law

Legislation, Discourse and Legitimacy in Singapore

  • Author: Jothie Rajah
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107012414
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 343
  • View: 4727
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Through a focus on Singapore, this book presents an analysis of authoritarian legalism, showing how prosperity, public discourse, and a rigorous observance of legal procedure enable a reconfigured rule of law - liberal form but illiberal content. It shows how institutions and process become tools to constrain dissenting citizens while protecting those in political power.

Property and Political Order in Africa

Property and Political Order in Africa

Land Rights and the Structure of Politics

  • Author: Catherine Boone
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107040698
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 424
  • View: 3293
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In sub-Saharan Africa, property relationships around land and access to natural resources vary across localities, districts, and farming regions. These differences produce patterned variations in relationships between individuals, communities, and the state. This book captures these patterns in an analysis of structure and variation in rural land tenure regimes. In most farming areas, state authority is deeply embedded in land regimes, drawing farmers, ethnic insiders and outsiders, lineages, villages, and communities into direct and indirect relationships with political authorities at different levels of the state apparatus. The analysis shows how property institutions - institutions that define political authority and hierarchy around land - shape dynamics of great interest to scholars of politics, including the dynamics of land-related competition and conflict, territorial conflict, patron-client relations, electoral cleavage and mobilization, ethnic politics, rural rebellion, and the localization and "nationalization" of political competition.

Making Autocracy Work

Making Autocracy Work

  • Author: Rory Truex
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107172438
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 8039
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This book uses original data from China's National People's Congress to challenge conceptions of representation, authoritarianism, and the political system.

Boundary Control

Boundary Control

Subnational Authoritarianism in Federal Democracies

  • Author: Edward L. Gibson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139851012
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 989
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The democratization of a national government is only a first step in diffusing democracy throughout a country's territory. Even after a national government is democratized, subnational authoritarian 'enclaves' often continue to deny rights to citizens of local jurisdictions. Gibson offers new theoretical perspectives for the study of democratization in his exploration of this phenomenon. His theory of 'boundary control' captures the conflict pattern between incumbents and oppositions when a national democratic government exists alongside authoritarian provinces (or 'states'). He also reveals how federalism and the territorial organization of countries shape how subnational authoritarian regimes are built and how they unravel. Through a novel comparison of the late nineteenth-century American 'Solid South' with contemporary experiences in Argentina and Mexico, Gibson reveals that the mechanisms of boundary control are reproduced across countries and historical periods. As long as subnational authoritarian governments coexist with national democratic governments, boundary control will be at play.

Voting for Autocracy

Voting for Autocracy

Hegemonic Party Survival and Its Demise in Mexico

  • Author: Beatriz Magaloni
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521862479
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 6037
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This book provides a theory of the logic of survival of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), one of the most resilient autocratic regimes in the twentieth century. An autocratic regime hid behind the facade of elections that were held with clockwise precision. Although their outcome was totally predictable, elections were not hollow rituals. The PRI made millions of ordinary citizens vest their interests in the survival of the autocratic regime. Voters could not simply throw the "rascals out of office" because their choices were constrained by a series of strategic dilemmas that compelled them to support the autocrats. The book also explores the factors that led to the demise of the PRI. The theory sheds light on the logic of "electoral autocracies," among the most common type of autocracy today, and the factors that lead to the transformation of autocratic elections into democratic ones. This book is the only systematic treatment in the literature today dealing with this form of autocracy.

How Institutions Evolve

How Institutions Evolve

The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

  • Author: Kathleen Thelen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521546744
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 333
  • View: 2217
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Kathleen Thelen explains the historical origins of important cross-national differences in four countries (Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan), and also provides a theory of institutional change over time. The latter is considered a frontier issue in institutionalist analysis, of which there are several varieties emerging from economics, political science, and sociology. Thelen's study contributes to the literature on the political economy of the developed democracies that focuses on different institutional arrangements defining distinctive models of capitalism.

Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization

Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization

  • Author: Jason Brownlee
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139464469
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 642
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Far from sweeping the globe uniformly, the 'third wave of democratization' left burgeoning republics and resilient dictatorships in its wake. Applying more than a year of original fieldwork in Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, and the Philippines, in this book Jason Brownlee shows that the mixed record of recent democratization is best deciphered through a historical and institutional approach to authoritarian rule. Exposing the internal organizations that structure elite conflict, Brownlee demonstrates why the critical soft-liners needed for democratic transitions have been dormant in Egypt and Malaysia but outspoken in Iran and the Philippines. By establishing how ruling parties originated and why they impede change, Brownlee illuminates the problem of contemporary authoritarianism and informs the promotion of durable democracy.

Tying the Autocrat's Hands

Tying the Autocrat's Hands

  • Author: Yuhua Wang
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107071747
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 216
  • View: 342
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Tying the Autocrat's Hands provides a comprehensive, empirical evaluation of legal reforms in contemporary China. Based on the author's extensive fieldwork and analyses of original data, the book tells a story in which foreign investors with weak political connections push for judicial empowerment in China, while Chinese investors struggle to hold on to their privileges.

Trust and Rule

Trust and Rule

  • Author: Charles Tilly
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521855259
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 196
  • View: 5062
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This book provides an essential background to the explanation of democratization and de-democratization.

The Politics of Uncertainty

The Politics of Uncertainty

Sustaining and Subverting Electoral Authoritarianism

  • Author: Andreas Schedler
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199680329
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 493
  • View: 2660
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This volume offers a major new theory of authoritarian politics. It studies regime struggles between government and opposition under electoral authoritarianism and argues that autocracies suffer from institutional uncertainties.

Ruling Before the Law

Ruling Before the Law

The Politics of Legal Regimes in China and Indonesia

  • Author: William Hurst
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108427200
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4307
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Building on extensive fieldwork in China and Indonesia, Hurst offers a valuable comparison of legal systems in practice.

Forbearance as Redistribution

Forbearance as Redistribution

  • Author: Alisha C. Holland
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107174074
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 392
  • View: 3256
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The book explains why and when laws go unenforced in developing countries. It argues that the tolerance of street vending and squatting is a form of informal welfare provision and a more effective means to mobilize the poor than conventional state social policies.

Exclusion by Elections

Exclusion by Elections

  • Author: John D. Huber
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107182948
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 6588
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Exclusion by Elections develops a theory about the circumstances under which 'class identities' as opposed to 'ethnic identities' become salient in democratic politics, and links this theory to issues of inequality and government efforts to redress the balance. The book argues that in societies with even modest levels of ethnic diversity, inequality invites ethnic politics, and ethnic politics results in less redistribution than class politics. Thus, contrary to workhorse theoretical models of redistribution in social science, where inequality should be related to more redistribution, the argument here is that inequality often makes it more difficult for democracies to adopt policies that redress inequality. Instead, incentives in electoral competition can lead to a situation where inequality becomes reinforced by inequality itself. The author explores the argument empirically by examining cross-national patterns of voting behaviour, redistribution and democratic transitions.

Dictators and their Secret Police

Dictators and their Secret Police

  • Author: Sheena Chestnut Greitens
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107139848
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 3807
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This book explores the secret police organizations of East Asian dictators: origins, operations, and effects on ordinary citizens' lives.

Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy

Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy

  • Author: Daniel Ziblatt
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521172998
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 404
  • View: 5476
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How do democracies form and what makes them die? Daniel Ziblatt revisits this timely and classic question in a wide-ranging historical narrative that traces the evolution of modern political democracy in Europe from its modest beginnings in 1830s Britain to Adolf Hitler's 1933 seizure of power in Weimar Germany. Based on rich historical and quantitative evidence, the book offers a major reinterpretation of European history and the question of how stable political democracy is achieved. The barriers to inclusive political rule, Ziblatt finds, were not inevitably overcome by unstoppable tides of socioeconomic change, a simple triumph of a growing middle class, or even by working class collective action. Instead, political democracy's fate surprisingly hinged on how conservative political parties - the historical defenders of power, wealth, and privilege - recast themselves and coped with the rise of their own radical right. With striking modern parallels, the book has vital implications for today's new and old democracies under siege.