Search Results for "the-problem-of-universals-in-contemporary-philosophy"

The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy

The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy

  • Author: Gabriele Galluzzo,Michael J. Loux
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316381277
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9079
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Are there any universal entities? Or is the world populated only by particular things? The problem of universals is one of the most fascinating and enduring topics in the history of metaphysics, with roots in ancient and medieval philosophy. This collection of new essays provides an innovative overview of the contemporary debate on universals. Rather than focusing exclusively on the traditional opposition between realism and nominalism, the contributors explore the complexity of the debate and illustrate a broad range of positions within both the realist and the nominalist camps. Realism is viewed through the lens of the distinction between constituent and relational ontologies, while nominalism is reconstructed in light of the controversy over the notion of trope. The result is a fresh picture of contemporary metaphysics, in which traditional strategies of dealing with the problem of universals are both reaffirmed and called into question.

Die Kategorien des Aristoteles

Die Kategorien des Aristoteles

  • Author: Aristoteles
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3111469018
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 42
  • View: 945
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The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy

The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy

  • Author: Raja Ram Dravid,Kanshi Ram
  • Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe
  • ISBN: 9788120808324
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 393
  • View: 2086
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The author gives a critical and comprehensive study of the fundamental problem of universals in Indian Philosophy. The centre of the study is the controversy between the Nyaya-Vaisesika and the Mimamsa realists on the one hand and the Buddhist nominalists on the other. The author discusses not only the epistemological and metaphysical approach to the problem of universals but also the semantic approach made by the various systems of Indian Philosophy. In this context the view of the Grammarions with special reference to Bhartrhari has been discussed in some detail. A brief but critical analysis of some of the main trends of thought on universals in Western Philosophy--beginning from Pluto to the contemporary philosophers--has also been given. Besides his scholarly and eminently readable treatment of fundamental problem of universals, the author has attempted to give his own solution of the problem. It is based on the recurrent identities and similarities which are the principles of grouping and which form the foundation of our thought and speech.

Parmenides

Parmenides

  • Author: Plato
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783150083864
  • Category: Dialectic
  • Page: 206
  • View: 3810
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Probleme der Philosophie

Probleme der Philosophie

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518102077
  • Category: Knowledge, Theory of
  • Page: 151
  • View: 5679
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Karl der Grosse

Karl der Grosse

  • Author: Rosamond McKitterick
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783896785992
  • Category:
  • Page: 472
  • View: 9919
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Duns Scotus and the Problem of Universals

Duns Scotus and the Problem of Universals

  • Author: Todd Bates
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1847062245
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 166
  • View: 9222
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John Duns Scotus (d.1308), known as the ‘subtle doctor' among medieval schoolmen, produced a formidable philosophical theology using and adapting an Aristotelian metaphysical framework. Critical of Thomas Aquinas' grand Summas, Scotus died before producing a final synthesis of his own. Indeed, his work, left in disarray for centuries, has only recently become available in an edited format. Contemporary metaphysics, taking up the problem of universals, treads on ground already well-worked by Scotus. Duns Scotus and the Problem of Universals shows how Scotus' treatment of the problem of universals is both coherent and, even by contemporary standards, cogent. Todd Bates recovers and sets out Scotus' understanding of the structure of material substance, reconstructs Scotus' arguments for universals and haecceities, and shows how Scotus' theory applies to the metaphysics of the Incarnation. This book makes an important contribution to a neglected but crucial area of Scotus scholarship.

Der Spiegel der Natur: eine Kritik der Philosophie

Der Spiegel der Natur: eine Kritik der Philosophie

  • Author: Richard Rorty
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518282861
  • Category:
  • Page: 437
  • View: 1019
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Substances and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics

Substances and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics

  • Author: Theodore Scaltsas
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801476358
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 292
  • View: 8415
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In this book, Theodore Scaltsas brings the insights of contemporary philosophy to bear on a classic problem in metaphysics that stems from Aristotle's theory of substance. Scaltsas provides an analysis of the enigmatic notions of potentiality and actuality, which he uses to explain Aristotle's substantial holism by showing how the concrete and the abstract parts of a substance form a dynamic, diachronic whole.

The Problem of Universals

The Problem of Universals

  • Author: Andrew B. Schoedinger
  • Publisher: Humanity Books
  • ISBN: 9781573923781
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 360
  • View: 2791
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Geist und Welt

Geist und Welt

  • Author: John Henry McDowell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518291283
  • Category: Concepts
  • Page: 221
  • View: 1815
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Metaphysics

Metaphysics

A Contemporary Introduction

  • Author: Michael J. Loux,Thomas M. Crisp
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317267451
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 356
  • View: 4347
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Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction is for students who have already completed an introductory philosophy course and need a fresh look at the central topics in the core subject of metaphysics. It is essential reading for any student of the subject. This Fourth Edition is revised and updated and includes two new chapters on (1) Parts and Wholes, and (2) Metaphysical Indeterminacy or vagueness. This new edition also keeps the user-friendly format, the chapter overviews summarizing the main topics, concrete examples to clarify difficult concepts, annotated further reading at the end of each chapter, endnotes, and a full bibliography. Topics addressed include: the problem of universals the nature of abstract entities the problem of individuation the nature of modality identity through time the nature of time the nature of parts and wholes the problem of metaphysical indeterminacy the Realism/anti-Realism debate. Wherever possible, Michael J. Loux and Thomas M. Crisp relate contemporary views to their classical sources in the history of philosophy. As experienced teachers of philosophy and important contributors to recent debates, Loux and Crisp are uniquely qualified to write this book.

Main Currents in Contemporary German, British, and American Philosophy

Main Currents in Contemporary German, British, and American Philosophy

  • Author: W. Stegmüller
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401033757
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 570
  • View: 3252
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The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus

The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus

  • Author: Thomas Williams
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521635639
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 8484
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A comprehensive treatment of the life and work of John Duns Scotus offers essays on his contributions to medieval philosophy and theology.

Leibniz on Individuals and Individuation

Leibniz on Individuals and Individuation

The Persistence of Premodern Ideas in Modern Philosophy

  • Author: Laurence B. McCullough
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401586845
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 210
  • View: 9450
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Leibniz's earliest philosophy and its importance for his mature philosophy have not been examined in detail, particularly in the level of detail that one can achieve by placing Leibniz's philosophy in the context of the sources for two of the most basic concerns of his philosophical career: his metaphysics of individuals and the principle oftheir individuation. In this book I provide for the first time a detailed examination of these two Leibnizian themes and trace its implications for how we should interpret other major Leibnizian themes and for how we should read Leibniz and other philosophers of the sixteenth and later centuries as 'modem' philosophers. Leibniz began his philosophical career more than 300 years ago, a fact that shapes fundamentally my attempt in the pages that follow to come to terms now with the texts that he left us. Leibniz's did not do philosophy in a way wholly congenial to twentieth century philosophical methodologies, especially those that have enjoyed some prominence in recent Anglo-American philosophy. Moreover, as we shall see, Leibniz is not a modem philosopher, when 'modem' is understood to mean making a sharp break with medieval philosophy. Indeed, I shall argue, scholars should discard such terms as 'modem' from historical philosophical scholarship, so that old texts can be allowed to remain old - to stand on their own in and from times now long past.

Hector-Neri Castañeda

Hector-Neri Castañeda

  • Author: H. Tomberlin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400945345
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 443
  • View: 4833
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The aim of this series is to inform both professional philosophers and a larger readership (of social and natural scientists, methodologists, mathematicians, students, teachers, publishers, etc.) about what is going on, who's who, and who does what in contemporary philosophy and PROFILES is designed to present the research activity and the logic. results of already outstanding personalities and schools and of newly emerging ones in the various fields of philosophy and logic. There are many Festschrift volumes dedicated to various philosophers. There is the celebrated Library of Living Philosophers edited by P. A. Schipp whose format influenced the present enterprise. Still they can only cover very little of the contemporary philosophical scene. Faced with a tremendous expansion of philosophical information and with an almost frightening division of labor and increasing specialization we need systematic and regular ways of keeping track of what happens in the profession. PROFILES is intended to perform such a function. Each volume is devoted to one or several philosophers whose views and results are presented and discussed. The profiled philosopher(s) will summarize and review his (their) own work in the main fields of significant contribution. This work will be discussed and evaluated by invited contributors. Relevant historical and/or biographical data, an up-to-date bibliography with short abstracts of the most important works and, whenever possible, references to significant reviews and discussion will also be included.

Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction

Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction

  • Author: Michael J. Loux
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134826249
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 9809
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Designed for students of philosophy who have already done an introductory course in the subject, this volume aims to introduce the main topics of metaphysics while avoiding jargon and technicalities. Topics include the problem of universals, the nature of abstract entries, the problem of individuation, the nature of modality, identity through time, the nature of time, and the realism/antirealism debate. Where possible, the author attempts to relate contemporary views to their classical sources in the history of philosophy.

Berkeley

Berkeley

Critical and Interpretive Essays

  • Author: Colin Murray Turbayne
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 9780816610662
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 340
  • View: 7259
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Berkeley was first published in 1982. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. In contemporary philosophy the works of George Berkeley are considered models of argumentative discourse; his paradoxes have a further value to teachers because, like Zeno's, they challenge a beginning student to find the submerged fallacy. And as a final, triumphant perversion of Berkeley's intent, his central contribution is still commonly viewed as an argument for skepticism - the very position he tried to refute. This limited approach to Berkeley has obscured his accomplishments in other areas of thought - his account of language, his theories of meaning and reference, his philosophy of science. These subjects and others are taken up in a collection of twenty essays, most of them given at a conference in Newport, Rhode Island, commemorating the 250th anniversary of Berkeley's American sojourn of 1728–31. The essays constitute a broad survey of problems tackled by Berkeley and still of interest to philosophers, as well as topics of historical interest less familiar to modern readers. Its comprehensive scope will make this book appropriate for text use.

Denker des Abendlandes

Denker des Abendlandes

eine Geschichte der Philosophie

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783868201277
  • Category:
  • Page: 430
  • View: 6422
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Tractatus logico-philosophicus

Tractatus logico-philosophicus

  • Author: Ludwig Wittgenstein
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Language and languages
  • Page: 114
  • View: 9030
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