Search Results for "the-problem-of-universals-in-contemporary-philosophy"

The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy

The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy

  • Author: Gabriele Galluzzo,Michael J. Loux
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107100895
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 242
  • View: 3475
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The problem of universals is one of the most fascinating and enduring topics in the history of metaphysics, with roots in ancient and medieval philosophy. The contributors to this book provide a critical, up-to-date and original overview of the contemporary debate on the problem of universals.

The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy

The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy

  • Author: Raja Ram Dravid,Kanshi Ram
  • Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe
  • ISBN: 9788120808324
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 393
  • View: 6604
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The author gives a critical and comprehensive study of the fundamental problem of universals in Indian Philosophy. The centre of the study is the controversy between the Nyaya-Vaisesika and the Mimamsa realists on the one hand and the Buddhist nominalists on the other. The author discusses not only the epistemological and metaphysical approach to the problem of universals but also the semantic approach made by the various systems of Indian Philosophy. In this context the view of the Grammarions with special reference to Bhartrhari has been discussed in some detail. A brief but critical analysis of some of the main trends of thought on universals in Western Philosophy--beginning from Pluto to the contemporary philosophers--has also been given. Besides his scholarly and eminently readable treatment of fundamental problem of universals, the author has attempted to give his own solution of the problem. It is based on the recurrent identities and similarities which are the principles of grouping and which form the foundation of our thought and speech.

Duns Scotus and the Problem of Universals

Duns Scotus and the Problem of Universals

  • Author: Todd Bates
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1847062245
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 166
  • View: 7466
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John Duns Scotus (d.1308), known as the ‘subtle doctor' among medieval schoolmen, produced a formidable philosophical theology using and adapting an Aristotelian metaphysical framework. Critical of Thomas Aquinas' grand Summas, Scotus died before producing a final synthesis of his own. Indeed, his work, left in disarray for centuries, has only recently become available in an edited format. Contemporary metaphysics, taking up the problem of universals, treads on ground already well-worked by Scotus. Duns Scotus and the Problem of Universals shows how Scotus' treatment of the problem of universals is both coherent and, even by contemporary standards, cogent. Todd Bates recovers and sets out Scotus' understanding of the structure of material substance, reconstructs Scotus' arguments for universals and haecceities, and shows how Scotus' theory applies to the metaphysics of the Incarnation. This book makes an important contribution to a neglected but crucial area of Scotus scholarship.

Denker des Abendlandes

Denker des Abendlandes

eine Geschichte der Philosophie

  • Author: Bertrand Russell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783868201277
  • Category:
  • Page: 430
  • View: 4421
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Karl der Grosse

Karl der Grosse

  • Author: Rosamond McKitterick
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783896785992
  • Category:
  • Page: 472
  • View: 5470
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Logik-Vorlesungen. Unveröffentlichte Nachschriften I

Logik-Vorlesungen. Unveröffentlichte Nachschriften I

Logik Bauch

  • Author: Immanuel Kant
  • Publisher: Meiner, F
  • ISBN: 9783787313372
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 268
  • View: 9728
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Kant hielt seit 1765 regelmäßig Vorlesungen über Logik, denen er ein Exemplar des „Meierschen Lehrbuchs“ von 1752 als Leitfaden zugrunde legte, in welches er fortschreitend Anmerkungen und Erläuterungen eintrug, denen er in seinem Vortrag folgte. Da Kant die Ausarbeitung eines eigenen Handbuchs für seine Vorlesung über Logik nicht selbst vornahm, sondern diese Aufgabe Gottlob Nejamin Jäsche übertrug, der 1800 bei Nicolovius unter dem Titel „Immanuel Kants Logik/ein Handbuch zu Vorlesungen“ die erste und einzige Originalausgabe herausgab, kommt allen auffindbaren Kollegheften und/oder Nachschriften der von Kant gehaltenen Vorlesungen besondere Bedeutung zu für die angemessene und richtige Bewertung der Genese seiner Darstellung und Einteilung der Logik.

The Problem of Universals

The Problem of Universals

  • Author: Andrew B. Schoedinger
  • Publisher: Humanity Books
  • ISBN: 9781573923729
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 370
  • View: 7625
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The problem of universals, important in the history of philosophy, remains a crucial issue today not only for metaphysics, but also for the philosophy of science. This anthology offers a comprehensive presentation of twenty-eight analyses of the problem of universals. It opens with analyses presented by Plato and Aristotle and then provides selections from the views of the medieval scholars Abelard, Aquinas, Duns Scotus, and Ockham. It then traces the development of Western thought on this fundamental topic from the modern through the contemporary period and includes the work of Kant, Hegel, Husserl, Heidegger, Russell, Quine, Strawson, Carnap, and Allaire. To aid the student in understanding these investigations into the nature of universals, each reading is preceded by a concise introduction by the editor.

Metaphysics

Metaphysics

A Contemporary Introduction

  • Author: Michael Loux
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135643636
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5279
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This Contemporary Introduction is for at students of metaphysics who have already done an introductory philosophy course. Michael J. Loux provides a fesh look as the central topics in metaphysics,rendering this essential reading for any student of the subject. This fully revised and updated version of the highly successful first edition includes a brand new chapter on the Realism/anti-Realism debate. Topics addressed include: *The problem of universals *The nature of abstract entities *The problem of individuation *The nature of modality *Idenity through time *The nature of time *The Realism/anti-Realism debate (new chapter). Wherever possible Michael J. Loux relates contemporary views to their classical sources in the history of philosophy. As an experienced teacher of philosophy and an important contributor to recent debates, Loux has proved himself to be uniquely qualified to write a book of this kind. This second edition of Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction includes: * a brand new user-friendly text design *chapter overviews summarizing the main topics of study *examples to clarify difficult concepts *annotated further reading at the end of each chapter *endnotes and a full bibliography.

Der Spiegel der Natur: eine Kritik der Philosophie

Der Spiegel der Natur: eine Kritik der Philosophie

  • Author: Richard Rorty
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518282861
  • Category:
  • Page: 437
  • View: 2766
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Substances and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics

Substances and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics

  • Author: Theodore Scaltsas
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801476358
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 292
  • View: 888
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In this book, Theodore Scaltsas brings the insights of contemporary philosophy to bear on a classic problem in metaphysics that stems from Aristotle's theory of substance. Scaltsas provides an analysis of the enigmatic notions of potentiality and actuality, which he uses to explain Aristotle's substantial holism by showing how the concrete and the abstract parts of a substance form a dynamic, diachronic whole.

Main Currents in Contemporary German, British, and American Philosophy

Main Currents in Contemporary German, British, and American Philosophy

  • Author: W. Stegmüller
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401033757
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 570
  • View: 2566
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Metaphysics

Metaphysics

A Contemporary Introduction

  • Author: Michael J. Loux,Thomas M. Crisp
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317267451
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 356
  • View: 5463
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Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction is for students who have already completed an introductory philosophy course and need a fresh look at the central topics in the core subject of metaphysics. It is essential reading for any student of the subject. This Fourth Edition is revised and updated and includes two new chapters on (1) Parts and Wholes, and (2) Metaphysical Indeterminacy or vagueness. This new edition also keeps the user-friendly format, the chapter overviews summarizing the main topics, concrete examples to clarify difficult concepts, annotated further reading at the end of each chapter, endnotes, and a full bibliography. Topics addressed include: the problem of universals the nature of abstract entities the problem of individuation the nature of modality identity through time the nature of time the nature of parts and wholes the problem of metaphysical indeterminacy the Realism/anti-Realism debate. Wherever possible, Michael J. Loux and Thomas M. Crisp relate contemporary views to their classical sources in the history of philosophy. As experienced teachers of philosophy and important contributors to recent debates, Loux and Crisp are uniquely qualified to write this book.

Geist und Welt

Geist und Welt

  • Author: John Henry McDowell
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518291283
  • Category: Concepts
  • Page: 221
  • View: 7817
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Philebos

Philebos

  • Author: Platon
  • Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
  • ISBN: 3849617971
  • Category:
  • Page: 84
  • View: 7208
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Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem elektronischen Lesegerät. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Der Philebos ist ein in Dialogform verfasstes Spätwerk des griechischen Philosophen Platon. Es entstand wohl in den Jahren zwischen 360/347 v. Chr[1]. Als literarische Figuren treten darin Philebos und Protarchos sowie Sokrates auf, wobei letzterer im Philebos als Hauptredner agiert. (aus wikipedia.de)

Universals in Ancient Philosophy

Universals in Ancient Philosophy

  • Author: Riccardo Chiaradonna,Gabriele Galluzzo
  • Publisher: Scuola Normale Superiore
  • ISBN: 9788876424847
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 545
  • View: 1156
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The problem of universals is one of the crucial problems of contemporary philosophy in such areas as ontology, philosophy of language and epistemology. Are there general entities? Or is the world only populated by individuals, and universals are just concepts? What role does generality play in science? What is the relationship between general terms and the world? It is not always acknowledged that such questions have been at the centre of philosophical investigation since antiquity and that ancient philosophers have come up with a range of interesting and stimulating answers. This volume reconstructs the debate on universals in ancient thought, covering a period of about a thousand years, from the Sophists to the late Neoplatonists. Besides offering contributions on Plato, Aristotle, Hellenistic philosophers and Neoplatonism, the volume also deals with some lesser known aspects of Greek thought such as ancient medicine and mathematics.

The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus

The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus

  • Author: Thomas Williams
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521635639
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 5811
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A comprehensive treatment of the life and work of John Duns Scotus offers essays on his contributions to medieval philosophy and theology.

Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction

Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction

  • Author: Michael J. Loux
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134826249
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 8453
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Designed for students of philosophy who have already done an introductory course in the subject, this volume aims to introduce the main topics of metaphysics while avoiding jargon and technicalities. Topics include the problem of universals, the nature of abstract entries, the problem of individuation, the nature of modality, identity through time, the nature of time, and the realism/antirealism debate. Where possible, the author attempts to relate contemporary views to their classical sources in the history of philosophy.

Leibniz on Individuals and Individuation

Leibniz on Individuals and Individuation

The Persistence of Premodern Ideas in Modern Philosophy

  • Author: Laurence B. McCullough
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401586845
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 210
  • View: 6389
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Leibniz's earliest philosophy and its importance for his mature philosophy have not been examined in detail, particularly in the level of detail that one can achieve by placing Leibniz's philosophy in the context of the sources for two of the most basic concerns of his philosophical career: his metaphysics of individuals and the principle oftheir individuation. In this book I provide for the first time a detailed examination of these two Leibnizian themes and trace its implications for how we should interpret other major Leibnizian themes and for how we should read Leibniz and other philosophers of the sixteenth and later centuries as 'modem' philosophers. Leibniz began his philosophical career more than 300 years ago, a fact that shapes fundamentally my attempt in the pages that follow to come to terms now with the texts that he left us. Leibniz's did not do philosophy in a way wholly congenial to twentieth century philosophical methodologies, especially those that have enjoyed some prominence in recent Anglo-American philosophy. Moreover, as we shall see, Leibniz is not a modem philosopher, when 'modem' is understood to mean making a sharp break with medieval philosophy. Indeed, I shall argue, scholars should discard such terms as 'modem' from historical philosophical scholarship, so that old texts can be allowed to remain old - to stand on their own in and from times now long past.

Ontology and the Logistic Analysis of Language

Ontology and the Logistic Analysis of Language

An Enquiry into the Contemporary Views on Universals

  • Author: Guido Küng
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401035148
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 211
  • View: 7612
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It is the aim of the present study to introduce the reader to the ways of thinking of those contemporary philosophers who apply the tools of symbolic logic to classical philosophical problems. Unlike the "conti nental" reader for whom this work was originally written, the English speaking reader will be more familiar with most of the philosophers dis cussed in this book, and he will in general not be tempted to dismiss them indiscriminately as "positivists" and "nominalists". But the English version of this study may help to redress the balance in another respect. In view of the present emphasis on ordinary language and the wide spread tendency to leave the mathematical logicians alone with their technicalities, it seems not without merit to revive the interest in formal ontology and the construction of formal systems. A closer look at the historical account which will be given here, may convince the reader that there are several points in the historical develop ment whose consequences have not yet been fully assessed: I mention, e. g. , the shift from the traditional three-level semantics of sense and deno tation to the contemporary two-level semantics of representation; the relation of extensional structure and intensional content in the extensional systems of Wittgenstein and Carnap; the confusing changes in labelling the different kinds of analytic and apriori true sentences; etc. Among the philosophically interesting tools of symbolic logic Lesniewski's calculus of names deserves special attention.

Hector-Neri Castañeda

Hector-Neri Castañeda

  • Author: H. Tomberlin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400945345
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 443
  • View: 8872
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The aim of this series is to inform both professional philosophers and a larger readership (of social and natural scientists, methodologists, mathematicians, students, teachers, publishers, etc.) about what is going on, who's who, and who does what in contemporary philosophy and PROFILES is designed to present the research activity and the logic. results of already outstanding personalities and schools and of newly emerging ones in the various fields of philosophy and logic. There are many Festschrift volumes dedicated to various philosophers. There is the celebrated Library of Living Philosophers edited by P. A. Schipp whose format influenced the present enterprise. Still they can only cover very little of the contemporary philosophical scene. Faced with a tremendous expansion of philosophical information and with an almost frightening division of labor and increasing specialization we need systematic and regular ways of keeping track of what happens in the profession. PROFILES is intended to perform such a function. Each volume is devoted to one or several philosophers whose views and results are presented and discussed. The profiled philosopher(s) will summarize and review his (their) own work in the main fields of significant contribution. This work will be discussed and evaluated by invited contributors. Relevant historical and/or biographical data, an up-to-date bibliography with short abstracts of the most important works and, whenever possible, references to significant reviews and discussion will also be included.