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The Roman Army, 31 BC - AD 337

The Roman Army, 31 BC - AD 337

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Brian Campbell
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134909403
  • Category: History
  • Page: 292
  • View: 7788
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The Roman army is remarkable for its detailed organisation and professional structure. It not only extended and protected Rome's territorial empire which was the basis of Western civilisation, but also maintained the politcal power of the emperors. The army was an integral part of the society and life of the empire and illustrated many aspects of Roman government. This sourcebook presents literary and epigraphic material, papyri and coins which illustrate the life of the army from recruitment and in the field, to peacetime and the community. It is designed as a basic tool for students of the Roman army and Roman history in general.

Warfare in Ancient Greece

Warfare in Ancient Greece

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Michael Sage
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113476331X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 280
  • View: 5779
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Warfare in Ancient Greece assembles a wide range of source material and introduces the latest scholarship on the Greek experience of war. The author has carefully selected key texts, many of them not previously available in English, and provided them with comprehensive commentaries. For the Greek polis, warfare was a more usual state of affairs than peace. The documents assembled here recreate the social and historical framework in which ancient Greek warfare took place - over a period of more than a thousand years from the Homeric Age to Alexander the Great. Special attention is paid to the attitudes and feelings of the Greeks towards defeated people and captured cities. Complete with notes, index and bibliography, Warfare in Ancient Greece will provide students of Ancient and Military History with an unprecedented survey of relevant materials

War and Society in the Roman World

War and Society in the Roman World

  • Author: Dr John Rich,John Rich,Graham Shipley
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134919913
  • Category: History
  • Page: 328
  • View: 3798
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This volume focuses on the changing relationship between warfare and the Roman citizen body, from the Republic, when war was at the heart of Roman life, through to the Principate, when it was confined to professional soldiers and expansion largely ceased, and finally on to the Late Empire and the Roman army's eventual failure.

Rivers and the Power of Ancient Rome

Rivers and the Power of Ancient Rome

  • Author: Brian Campbell
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 080786904X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 608
  • View: 9264
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Figuring in myth, religion, law, the military, commerce, and transportation, rivers were at the heart of Rome's increasing exploitation of the environment of the Mediterranean world. In Rivers and the Power of Ancient Rome, Brian Campbell explores the role and influence of rivers and their surrounding landscape on the society and culture of the Roman Empire. Examining artistic representations of rivers, related architecture, and the work of ancient geographers and topographers, as well as writers who describe rivers, Campbell reveals how Romans defined the geographical areas they conquered and how geography and natural surroundings related to their society and activities. In addition, he illuminates the prominence and value of rivers in the control and expansion of the Roman Empire--through the legal regulation of riverine activities, the exploitation of rivers in military tactics, and the use of rivers as routes of communication and movement. Campbell shows how a technological understanding of--and even mastery over--the forces of the river helped Rome rise to its central place in the ancient world.

The Republican Roman Army

The Republican Roman Army

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Michael M. Sage
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134682883
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 4670
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The Republican Roman Army assembles a wide range of source material and introduces the latest scholarship on the evolution of the Roman Army and the Roman experience of war. The author has carefully selected and translated key texts, many of them not previously available in English, and provided them with comprehensive commentaries and essays. This wide-ranging survey of documents recreates the social and historical framework in which ancient Roman warfare took place – from the Archaic and Servian period through to the Late Republic. The topics addressed extend beyond the conventional questions of army mechanics such as strategy and tactics, and explore questions such as the army’s influence on Roman society and its economy. Complete with notes, index and bibliography, The Republican Roman Army provides students of Ancient and Military History with an unprecedented survey of relevant materials.

The Imperial Roman Army

The Imperial Roman Army

  • Author: Yann Le Bohec
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135955131
  • Category: History
  • Page: 346
  • View: 2637
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The Emperor Augustus believed that the Roman army occupied a crucial lace at the heart of the empire and it was he who made it a fully professional force. This book looks at the structure and development of the army between the Republic and the Late Empire, examining why the army has always been accorded such a prominent position in the history of the Roman Empire, and whether that view is justified. The book is divided into three sections. The author first examines the major divisions of army organization - the legions, the auxiliary units, the fleet - and how the men were recruited. Secondly he looks at what the army did - the training, tactics and strategy. Finally he considers the historical role of the army - how it fitted into Roman society, of which it was only part, and what influence it had economically and politically. In exploring these themes, the author gives equal weight to epigraphic, documentary and archaeology evidence. With tables summarizing detailed information, Yann Le Bohec provides a synthesis of current knowledge of the Roman army from the first to the third century AD, putting it in its context as part of the state structure of the Roman Empire.

War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds

War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds

Asia, the Mediterranean, Europe, and Mesoamerica

  • Author: Kurt A. Raaflaub,Nathan Stewart Rosenstein
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 484
  • View: 8093
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A unique, multi-authored social history of war from the third millennium B.C.E. to the tenth century C.E. in the Mediterranean, the Near East, and Europe (Egypt, Achaemenid Persia, Greece, the Hellenistic World, the Roman Republic and Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the early Islamic World, and early Medieval Europe), with parallel studies of Mesoamerica (the Maya and Aztecs) and East Asia (ancient China, medieval Japan). The product of a colloquium at Harvard's Center for Hellenic Studies, this volume offers a broadly based, comparative examination of war and military organization in their complex interactions with social, economic, and political structures as well as cultural practices.

Soldiers & Ghosts

Soldiers & Ghosts

A History of Battle in Classical Antiquity

  • Author: J. E. Lendon
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300119794
  • Category: History
  • Page: 468
  • View: 8724
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What set the successful armies of Sparta, Macedon, and Rome apart from those they defeated? In this major new history of battle from the age of Homer through the decline of the Roman empire, J. E. Lendon surveys a millennium of warfare to discover how militaries change--and don't change--and how an army's greatness depends on its use of the past. Noting this was an age that witnessed few technological advances, J. E. Lendon shows us that the most successful armies were those that made the most effective use of cultural tradition. Ancient combat moved forward by looking backward for inspiration--the Greeks, to Homer; the Romans, to the Greeks and to their own heroic past. The best ancient armies recruited soldiers from societies with strong competitive traditions; and the best ancient leaders, from Alexander to Julius Caesar, called upon those traditions to encourage ferocious competition at every rank. Ranging from the Battle of Champions between Sparta and Argos in 550 B.C. through Julian's invasion of Persia in A.D. 363, Soldiers and Ghosts brings to life the most decisive military contests of ancient Greece and Rome. Lendon places these battles, and the methods by which they were fought, in a sweeping narrative of ancient military history. On every battlefield, living soldiers fought alongside the ghosts of tradition--ghosts that would inspire greatness for almost a millennium before ultimately coming to stifle it.

Pompeii and Herculaneum

Pompeii and Herculaneum

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Alison E. Cooley,M. G. L. Cooley
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134624565
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 2388
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The original edition of Pompeii: A Sourcebook was a crucial resource for students of the site. Now updated to include material from Herculaneum, the neighbouring town also buried in the eruption of Vesuvius, Pompeii and Herculaneum: A Sourcebook allows readers to form a richer and more diverse picture of urban life on the Bay of Naples. Focusing upon inscriptions and ancient texts, it translates and sets into context a representative sample of the huge range of source material uncovered in these towns. From the labels on wine jars to scribbled insults, and from advertisements for gladiatorial contests to love poetry, the individual chapters explore the early history of Pompeii and Herculaneum, their destruction, leisure pursuits, politics, commerce, religion, the family and society. Information about Pompeii and Herculaneum from authors based in Rome is included, but the great majority of sources come from the cities themselves, written by their ordinary inhabitants – men and women, citizens and slaves. Encorporating the latest research and finds from the two cities and enhanced with more photographs, maps, and plans, Pompeii and Herculaneum: A Sourcebook offers an invaluable resource for anyone studying or visiting the sites.

New Perspectives on Ancient Warfare[electronic Resource]

New Perspectives on Ancient Warfare[electronic Resource]

  • Author: Garrett G. Fagan,Matthew Freeman Trundle
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004185984
  • Category: History
  • Page: 372
  • View: 8832
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"New Perspectives on Ancient Warfare" explores the armies of antiquity from Assyria and Persia, to classical Greece and Rome. The studies illustrate the ways in which technology, innovation, cultural exchange, and tactical developments transformed ancient warfare by land and sea.

Cleopatra

Cleopatra

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Prudence J. Jones
  • Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
  • ISBN: 9780806137414
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Page: 345
  • View: 3895
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This fascinating sourcebook documents what we know of Cleopatra and also shows how she has evolved through the lens of interpretation.

A Companion to Ancient History

A Companion to Ancient History

  • Author: Andrew Erskine
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118581539
  • Category: History
  • Page: 736
  • View: 3516
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This Companion provides a comprehensive introduction to key topics in the study of ancient history. Examines the forms of evidence, problems, approaches, and major themes in the study of ancient history Comprises more than 40 essays, written by leading international scholars Moves beyond the primary focus on Greece and Rome with coverage of the various cultures within the ancient Mediterranean Draws on the latest research in the field Provides an essential resource for any student of ancient history

Women and the Law in the Roman Empire

Women and the Law in the Roman Empire

A Sourcebook on Marriage, Divorce and Widowhood

  • Author: Judith Evans Grubbs
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415152402
  • Category: History
  • Page: 349
  • View: 4470
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It is widely recognized that Roman law is an important source of information about women in the Roman world, and can present a more rounded and accurate picture than literary sources. This sourcebook fully exploits the rich legal material of the imperial period - from Augustus (31 BCE - 14 CE) to the end of the western Roman Empire (476 CE), incorporating both pagan and Christian eras, and explaining the rights women held under Roman law, the restrictions to which they were subject, and legal regulations on marriage, divorce and widowhood. The main focus is on the major legal texts (the Digest, the Institutes of Gaius, the Code of Justinian and the Theodosian Code), but a significant number of non-legal documentary sources are included. These are particularly important as they illustrate how the law worked in practice, and how this practice (particularly in the provinces) could differ from the letter of the law. Accessible English translations are enhanced by clear, concise background material, which includes useful explanation of historical and geographical context, and a helpful glossary of Roman legal and administrative terms completes the volume.

The Cambridge World History of Slavery: Volume 1, The Ancient Mediterranean World

The Cambridge World History of Slavery: Volume 1, The Ancient Mediterranean World

  • Author: Keith Bradley,Paul Cartledge
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 131618434X
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4886
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Volume 1 in the new Cambridge World History of Slavery surveys the history of slavery in the ancient Mediterranean world. Although chapters are devoted to the ancient Near East and the Jews, its principal concern is with the societies of ancient Greece and Rome. These are often considered as the first examples in world history of genuine slave societies because of the widespread prevalence of chattel slavery, which is argued to have been a cultural manifestation of the ubiquitous violence in societies typified by incessant warfare. There was never any sustained opposition to slavery, and the new religion of Christianity probably reinforced rather than challenged its existence. In twenty-two chapters, leading scholars explore the centrality of slavery in ancient Mediterranean life using a wide range of textual and material evidence. Non-specialist readers in particular will find the volume an accessible account of the early history of this crucial phenomenon.

Pompeii and Herculaneum

Pompeii and Herculaneum

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Alison E. Cooley,M. G. L. Cooley
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134624492
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 1968
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The original edition of Pompeii: A Sourcebook was a crucial resource for students of the site. Now updated to include material from Herculaneum, the neighbouring town also buried in the eruption of Vesuvius, Pompeii and Herculaneum: A Sourcebook allows readers to form a richer and more diverse picture of urban life on the Bay of Naples. Focusing upon inscriptions and ancient texts, it translates and sets into context a representative sample of the huge range of source material uncovered in these towns. From the labels on wine jars to scribbled insults, and from advertisements for gladiatorial contests to love poetry, the individual chapters explore the early history of Pompeii and Herculaneum, their destruction, leisure pursuits, politics, commerce, religion, the family and society. Information about Pompeii and Herculaneum from authors based in Rome is included, but the great majority of sources come from the cities themselves, written by their ordinary inhabitants – men and women, citizens and slaves. Encorporating the latest research and finds from the two cities and enhanced with more photographs, maps, and plans, Pompeii and Herculaneum: A Sourcebook offers an invaluable resource for anyone studying or visiting the sites.

Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome

Social and Historical Documents from the Early Republic to the Death of Augustus

  • Author: Matthew Dillon,Lynda Garland
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131748519X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 878
  • View: 5544
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In this second edition, Ancient Rome presents an extensive range of material, from the early Republic to the death of Augustus, with two new chapters on the Second Triumvirate and The Age of Augustus. Dillon and Garland have also included more extensive late Republican and Augustan sources on social developments, as well as further information on the Gold Age of Roman literature. Providing comprehensive coverage of all important documents pertaining to the Roman Republic and the Augustan age, Ancient Rome includes: source material on political and military developments in the Roman Republic and Augustan age (509 BC – AD 14) detailed chapters on social phenomena, such as Roman religion, slavery and freedmen, women and the family, and the public face of Rome clear, precise translations of documents taken not only from historical sources but also from inscriptions, laws and decrees, epitaphs, graffiti, public speeches, poetry, private letters and drama concise up-to-date bibliographies and commentaries for each document and chapter a definitive collection of source material on the Roman Republic and early empire. Students of ancient Rome and classical studies will find this new edition invaluable at all levels of study.

Warfare in Medieval Europe C.400-c.1453

Warfare in Medieval Europe C.400-c.1453

  • Author: Bernard S. Bachrach,David Bachrach
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9781138887664
  • Category: Europe
  • Page: 410
  • View: 1350
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"Warfare in Medieval Europe c. 400-c.1453 provides a thematic discussion of the nature and conduct of war, including its economic, technological, social, and religious contexts, from the late Roman Empire to the end of the Hundred Years' War. Bernard and David Bachrach explore the origins of the institutions, physical infrastructure, and intellectual underpinnings of medieval warfare and trace the ways in which medieval warfare was diffused beyond Europe to the Middle East and beyond."--Provide by publisher.

The Historians of Ancient Rome

The Historians of Ancient Rome

  • Author: Ronald Mellor
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136752781
  • Category: History
  • Page: 632
  • View: 5224
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The Historians of Ancient Rome is the most comprehensive collection of ancient sources for Roman history available in a single English volume, with extensive passages from more than a dozen Greek and Roman historians and biographers tracing the history of Rome over more than a thousand years: from the city’s foundation by Romulus in 753 B.C.E. (Livy) to Constantine’s edict of toleration for Christianity (313 C.E.)

Archaeology at the Millennium

Archaeology at the Millennium

A Sourcebook

  • Author: Gary M. Feinman,T. Douglas Price
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 038772611X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 508
  • View: 3313
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In this book an internationally distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the discipline of archaeology at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. The chapters address a wide range of topics including, paradigms, practice, and relevance of the discipline; paleoanthropology; fully modern humans; holocene hunter-gatherers; the transition to food and craft production; social inequality; warfare; state and empire formation; and the uneasy relationship between classical and anthropological archaeology.

Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity

Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity

A Sourcebook

  • Author: A. D. Lee
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317408616
  • Category: History
  • Page: 372
  • View: 3959
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In Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity, A.D. Lee documents the transformation of the religious landscape of the Roman world from one of enormous diversity of religious practices and creeds in the 3rd century to a situation where, by the 6th century, Christianity had become the dominant religious force. Using translated extracts from contemporary sources he examines the fortunes of pagans and Christians from the upheavals of the 3rd Century, through the dramatic events associated with the emperors Constantine, Julian and Theodosius in the 4th, to the increasingly tumultuous times of the 5th and 6th centuries, while also illustrating important themes in late antique Christianity such as the growth of monasticism, the emerging power of bishops and the development of pilgrimage, as well as the fate of other significant religious groups including Jews and Manichaeans. This new edition has been updated to include: additional documentary material, including newly published papyri an expanded chapter on the emperor Constantine greater attention to church controversies in the fourth and fifth centuries thoroughly updated references and further reading, taking into account developments in modern scholarship during the past fifteen years. Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity is an invaluable resource for students of the late antique world, and of early Christianity and the early Church.