Search Results for "the-social-construction-of-reality"

The Social Construction of Reality

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

  • Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann
  • Publisher: Open Road Media
  • ISBN: 1453215468
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 9177
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The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.

The Social Construction of Reality

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

  • Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0141931639
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3182
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A general and systematic account of the role of knowledge in society aimed to stimulate both critical discussion and empirical investigations. This book is concerned with the sociology of ‘everything that passes for knowledge in society’. It focuses particularly on that ‘common-sense knowledge’ which constitutes the reality of everyday life for the ordinary member of society. The authors are concerned to present an analysis of knowledge in everyday life in the context of a theory of society as a dialectical process between objective and subjective reality. Their development of a theory of institutions, legitimations and socializations has implications beyond the discipline of sociology, and their ‘humanistic’ approach has considerable relevance for other social scientists, historians, philosophers and anthropologists.

The Social Construction of Reality

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

  • Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann
  • Publisher: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0140135480
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4762
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A general and systematic account of the role of knowledge in society aimed to stimulate both critical discussion and empirical investigations. This book is concerned with the sociology of �everything that passes for knowledge in society�. It focuses particularly on that �common-sense knowledge� which constitutes the reality of everyday life for the ordinary member of society. The authors are concerned to present an analysis of knowledge in everyday life in the context of a theory of society as a dialectical process between objective and subjective reality. Their development of a theory of institutions, legitimations and socializations has implications beyond the discipline of sociology, and their �humanistic� approach has considerable relevance for other social scientists, historians, philosophers and anthropologists.

The Construction of Social Reality

The Construction of Social Reality

  • Author: John R. Searle
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 9781439108369
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6092
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This short treatise looks at how we construct a social reality from our sense impressions; at how, for example, we construct a ‘five-pound note’ with all that implies in terms of value and social meaning, from the printed piece of paper we see and touch. In The Construction of Social Reality, eminent philosopher John Searle examines the structure of social reality (or those portions of the world that are facts only by human agreement, such as money, marriage, property, and government), and contrasts it to a brute reality that is independent of human agreement. Searle shows that brute reality provides the indisputable foundation for all social reality, and that social reality, while very real, is maintained by nothing more than custom and habit.

Culture and Cognition

Culture and Cognition

Patterns in the Social Construction of Reality

  • Author: Wayne H. Brekhus
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745698220
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 1133
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How does culture shape our thinking? In what ways do our social and cultural worlds enter into our mental worlds? How do the communities we belong to influence what we notice and what we ignore? What cultural variation do we see in cognition? What general patterns do we see across this diversity and variation? In this lively and engaging book, Wayne H. Brekhus shows us the many ways that culture influences our cognitive thought processes. Drawing on a wide range of fascinating examples, such as how members of different subcultures perceive danger and safety, how cultures variably classify and perceptually weight race, how social actors use and present identity as a strategic resource, and how people across different organizational settings experience time, Brekhus takes us on a creative, diverse, and insightful tour of the sociocultural character of cognition. Culture and Cognition: Patterns in the Social Construction of Reality offers an invaluable survey of a wide-ranging body of research in the sociology of culture and cognition that will be an inviting resource for upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, and established research scholars alike.

The Social Construction of What?

The Social Construction of What?

  • Author: Ian Hacking
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674812000
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 261
  • View: 3727
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Often lost in the debate over the validity of social construction is the question of what is being constructed. Particularly troublesome in this area is the status of the natural sciences, where there is conflict between biological and social approaches to mental illness, and in other areas. Ian Hacking looks at the issue of child abuse, and examines the ways in which advanced research on new weapons influences not the content but the form of science. In conclusion, Hacking comments on the "culture wars" in anthropology, in particular the spat between leading enthnographers over Hawaii and Captain Cook.

The Reality of Social Construction

The Reality of Social Construction

  • Author: Dave Elder-Vass
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107024374
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 283
  • View: 502
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Argues that versions of realist and social constructionist ways of thinking about the social world are compatible with each other.

The Mediated Construction of Reality

The Mediated Construction of Reality

  • Author: Nick Couldry,Andreas Hepp
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745686516
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3568
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Social theory needs to be completely rethought in a world of digital media and social media platforms driven by data processes. Fifty years after Berger and Luckmann published their classic text The Social Construction of Reality, two leading sociologists of media, Nick Couldry and Andreas Hepp, revisit the question of how social theory can understand the processes through which an everyday world is constructed in and through media. Drawing on Schï¿1⁄2tz, Elias and many other social and media theorists, they ask: what are the implications of digital mediaï¿1⁄2s profound involvement in those processes? Is the result a social world that is stable and liveable, or one that is increasingly unstable and unliveable?

The Social Construction of Diversity

The Social Construction of Diversity

Recasting the Master Narrative of Industrial Nations

  • Author: Christiane Harzig,Danielle Juteau,Irina Schmitt
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781571813763
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 324
  • View: 5804
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Though the composition of the populace of industrial nations has changed dramatically since the 1950s, public discourse and scholarship, however, often remain welded to traditional concepts of national cultures, ignoring the multicultural realities of most of today's western societies. Through detailed studies, this volume shows how the diversity affects the personal lives of individuals, how it shapes and changes private, national and international relations and to what extent institutions and legal systems are confronted with changing demands from a more culturally diverse clientele. Far from being an external factor of society, this volume shows, diversity has become an integral part of people's lives, affecting their personal, institutional, and economic interaction.

Representing Reality

Representing Reality

Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction

  • Author: Jonathan Potter
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9780803984110
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 253
  • View: 9595
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`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions. Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with

Social Referencing and the Social Construction of Reality in Infancy

Social Referencing and the Social Construction of Reality in Infancy

  • Author: S. Feinman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1489924620
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 424
  • View: 3076
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Integrating the perspectives of a number of disciplines, this work examines social referencing in infants within the broader contexts of cognition, social relations, and human society as a whole.

The Social Construction of the Person

The Social Construction of the Person

  • Author: K.J. Gergen,K.E. Davis
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461250765
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 276
  • View: 6600
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This volume grew out of a discussion between the editors at the Society for Experimental Social Psychology meeting in Nashville in 1981. For many years the Society has played a leading role in encouraging rigorous and sophisticated research. Yet, our discussion that day was occupied with what seemed a major problem with this fmely honed tradition; namely, it was preoccupied with "accurate renderings of reality," while generally insensitive to the process by which such renderings are achieved. This tradition presumed that there were "brute facts" to be discovered about human interaction, with little consideration of the social processes through which "factuality" is established. To what degree are accounts of persons constrained by the social process of rendering as opposed to the features of those under scrutiny? This concern with the social process by which persons are constructed was hardly ours alone. In fact, within recent years such concerns have been voiced with steadily increasing clarity across a variety of disciplines. Ethno methodologists were among the first in the social sciences to puncture the taken-for-granted realities of life. Many sociologists of science have also turned their attention to the way social organizations of scientists create the facts necessary to sustain these organizations. Historians of science have entered a similar enterprise in elucidating the social, economic and ideological conditions enabling certain formulations to flourish in the sciences while others are suppressed. Many social anthropologists have also been intrigued by cross-cultural variations in the concept of the human being.

Adventures of an Accidental Sociologist

Adventures of an Accidental Sociologist

How to Explain the World Without Becoming a Bore

  • Author: Peter L. Berger
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • ISBN: 1616143908
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 9446
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Peter L. Berger is arguably the best-known American sociologist living today. Since the 1960s he has been publishing books on many facets of the American social scene, and several are now considered classics. So it may be hard to believe Professor Berger’s description of himself as an "accidental sociologist." But that in fact accurately describes how he stumbled into sociology. In this witty, intellectually stimulating memoir, Berger explains not only how he became a social scientist, but the many adventures that this calling has led to. Rather than writing an autobiography, he focuses on the main intellectual issues that motivated his work and the various people and situations he encountered in the course of his career. Full of memorable vignettes and colorful characters depicted in a lively narrative often laced with humor, Berger’s memoir conveys the excitement that a study of social life can bring. The first part of the book describes Berger’s initiation into sociology through the New School for Social Research, "a European enclave in the midst of Greenwich Village bohemia." Berger was first a student at the New School and later a young professor amidst a clique of like-minded individuals. There he published The Social Construction of Reality (with colleague Thomas Luckmann), one of his most successful books, followed by The Sacred Canopy on the sociology of religion, also still widely cited. The book covers Berger’s experience as a "globe-trekking sociologist" including trips to Mexico, where he studied approaches to Third World poverty; to East Asia, where he discovered the potential of capitalism to improve social conditions; and to South Africa, where he chaired an international study group on the future of post-Apartheid society. Berger then tells about his role as the director of a research center at Boston University. For over two decades he and his colleagues have been tackling such important issues as globalization, the secularization of Europe, and the ongoing dialectic between relativism and fundamentalism in contemporary culture. What comes across throughout is Berger’s boundless curiosity with the many ways in which people interact in society. This book offers longtime Berger readers as well as newcomers to sociology proof that the sociologist’s attempt to explain the world is anything but boring. From the Hardcover edition.

Social Construction of Reality as Communicative Action

Social Construction of Reality as Communicative Action

  • Author: Antonio Sandu
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1443894265
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 185
  • View: 5414
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The central focus of this volume is social constructionism in all its dimensions, including its sociological, ontological, epistemological, methodological, ethical, and pragmatic features. It pays particularly close attention to the social construction of reality as a communicative action, extending this area to include social pragmatics. It also interprets social action as a discursive-seductive strategy of exercising power in the public space, utilising a constructionist understanding, in which public space is represented by any part of the co-construction of reality through social or communicative action. In addition, at the methodological level, the book proposes a new semiotic strategy, called “fractal constructionism”, which analyses the interpretative drift of certain key concepts that are valued as social constructs.

Blind to Sameness

Blind to Sameness

Sexpectations and the Social Construction of Male and Female Bodies

  • Author: Asia Friedman
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022602377X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 6121
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What is the role of the senses in how we understand the world? Cognitive sociology has long addressed the way we perceive or imagine boundaries in our ordinary lives, but Asia Friedman pushes this question further still. How, she asks, did we come to blind ourselves to sex sameness? Drawing on more than sixty interviews with two decidedly different populations—the blind and the transgendered—Blind to Sameness answers provocative questions about the relationships between sex differences, biology, and visual perception. Both groups speak from unique perspectives that magnify the social construction of dominant visual conceptions of sex, allowing Friedman to examine the visual construction of the sexed body and highlighting the processes of social perception underlying our everyday experience of male and female bodies. The result is a notable contribution to the sociologies of gender, culture, and cognition that will revolutionize the way we think about sex.

The Construction of Reality

The Construction of Reality

  • Author: Michael A. Arbib,Mary B. Hesse
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521326896
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 286
  • View: 6997
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This book presents an integrated account of how humans 'construct' reality through interaction with the social and physical world around them.

The Social Construction of Technological Systems

The Social Construction of Technological Systems

New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology

  • Author: Wiebe E. Bijker,Thomas P. Hughes,Trevor Pinch,Deborah G. Douglas
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262300877
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 472
  • View: 4791
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This pioneering book, first published in 1987, launched the new field of social studies of technology. It introduced a method of inquiry--social construction of technology, or SCOT--that became a key part of the wider discipline of science and technology studies. The book helped the MIT Press shape its STS list and inspired the Inside Technology series. The thirteen essays in the book tell stories about such varied technologies as thirteenth-century galleys, eighteenth-century cooking stoves, and twentieth-century missile systems. Taken together, they affirm the fruitfulness of an approach to the study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions, and they demonstrate the illuminating effects of the integration of empirics and theory. The approaches in this volume--collectively called SCOT (after the volume's title) have since broadened their scope, and twenty-five years after the publication of this book, it is difficult to think of a technology that has not been studied from a SCOT perspective and impossible to think of a technology that cannot be studied that way.

The Social Construction of Sexuality and Perversion

The Social Construction of Sexuality and Perversion

Deconstructing Sadomasochism

  • Author: A. Beckmann
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230244920
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 262
  • View: 2786
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This book deconstructs the pathologizing category of 'sadomasochism' in order to account for the 'lived realities' of consensual 'SM' play, emphasizing the connection between the corporeal and the political in contemporary consumer cultures. It discusses the homogenization of desire and ownership and use of 'body' and 'sexual ethics'.

Social Constructionism

Social Constructionism

Sources and Stirrings in Theory and Practice

  • Author: Andy Lock,Tom Strong
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139487361
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2406
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Social Constructionism: Sources and Stirrings in Theory and Practice offers an introduction to the different theorists and schools of thought that have contributed to the development of contemporary social constructionist ideas, charting a course through the ideas that underpin the discipline. From the New Science of Vico in the 18th century, through to Marxist writers, ethnomethodologists and Wittgenstein, ideas as to how socio-cultural processes provide the resources that make us human are traced to the present day. Despite constructionists often being criticised as 'relativists', 'activists' and 'anti-establishment' and for making no concrete contributions, their ideas are now being adopted by practically-oriented disciplines such as management consultancy, advertising, therapy, education and nursing. Andy Lock and Tom Strong aim to provoke a wider grasp of an alternative history and tradition that has developed alongside the one emphasised in traditional histories of the social sciences.