Search Results for "the-standard-model-in-a-nutshell"

The Standard Model in a Nutshell

The Standard Model in a Nutshell

  • Author: Dave Goldberg
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400885477
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5616
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A concise and authoritative introduction to one of the central theories of modern physics For a theory as genuinely elegant as the Standard Model—the current framework describing elementary particles and their forces—it can sometimes appear to students to be little more than a complicated collection of particles and ranked list of interactions. The Standard Model in a Nutshell provides a comprehensive and uncommonly accessible introduction to one of the most important subjects in modern physics, revealing why, despite initial appearances, the entire framework really is as elegant as physicists say. Dave Goldberg uses a "just-in-time" approach to instruction that enables students to gradually develop a deep understanding of the Standard Model even if this is their first exposure to it. He covers everything from relativity, group theory, and relativistic quantum mechanics to the Higgs boson, unification schemes, and physics beyond the Standard Model. The book also looks at new avenues of research that could answer still-unresolved questions and features numerous worked examples, helpful illustrations, and more than 120 exercises. Provides an essential introduction to the Standard Model for graduate students and advanced undergraduates across the physical sciences Requires no more than an undergraduate-level exposure to quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, and electromagnetism Uses a "just-in-time" approach to topics such as group theory, relativity, classical fields, Feynman diagrams, and quantum field theory Couched in a conversational tone to make reading and learning easier Ideal for a one-semester course or independent study Includes a wealth of examples, illustrations, and exercises Solutions manual (available only to professors)

The Standard Model in a Nutshell

The Standard Model in a Nutshell

  • Author: Dave Goldberg
  • Publisher: In a Nutshell
  • ISBN: 9780691167596
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 1526
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For a theory as genuinely elegant as the Standard Model--the current framework describing elementary particles and their forces--it can sometimes appear to students to be little more than a complicated collection of particles and ranked list of interactions. The Standard Model in a Nutshell provides a comprehensive and uncommonly accessible introduction to one of the most important subjects in modern physics, revealing why, despite initial appearances, the entire framework really is as elegant as physicists say. Dave Goldberg uses a "just-in-time" approach to instruction that enables students to gradually develop a deep understanding of the Standard Model even if this is their first exposure to it. He covers everything from relativity, group theory, and relativistic quantum mechanics to the Higgs boson, unification schemes, and physics beyond the Standard Model. The book also looks at new avenues of research that could answer still-unresolved questions and features numerous worked examples, helpful illustrations, and more than 120 exercises. Provides an essential introduction to the Standard Model for graduate students and advanced undergraduates across the physical sciences Requires no more than an undergraduate-level exposure to quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, and electromagnetism Uses a "just-in-time" approach to topics such as group theory, relativity, classical fields, Feynman diagrams, and quantum field theory Couched in a conversational tone to make reading and learning easier Ideal for a one-semester course or independent study Includes a wealth of examples, illustrations, and exercises Solutions manual (available only to professors)

Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell

Elementary Particle Physics in a Nutshell

  • Author: Christopher G. Tully
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691131163
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 303
  • View: 9428
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The new experiments underway at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland may significantly change our understanding of elementary particle physics and, indeed, the universe. Suitable for first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates, this textbook provides an introduction to the field

Symmetry and the Standard Model

Symmetry and the Standard Model

Mathematics and Particle Physics

  • Author: Matthew Robinson
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1441982671
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 327
  • View: 8098
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While theoretical particle physics is an extraordinarily fascinating field, the incredibly fast pace at which it moves along, combined with the huge amount of background information necessary to perform cutting edge research, poses a formidable challenge for graduate students. This book represents the first in a series designed to assist students in the process of transitioning from coursework to research in particle physics. Rather than reading literally dozens of physics and mathematics texts, trying to assimilate the countless ideas, translate notations and perspectives, and see how it all fits together to get a holistic understanding, this series provides a detailed overview of the major mathematical and physical ideas in theoretical particle physics. Ultimately the ideas will be presented in a unified, consistent, holistic picture, where each topic is built firmly on what has come before, and all topics are related in a clear and intuitive way. This introductory text on quantum field theory and particle physics provides both a self-contained and complete introduction to not only the necessary physical ideas, but also a complete introduction to the necessary mathematical tools. Assuming minimal knowledge of undergraduate physics and mathematics, this book lays both the mathematical and physical groundwork with clear, intuitive explanations and plenty of examples. The book then continues with an exposition of the Standard Model of Particle Physics, the theory that currently seems to explain the universe apart from gravity. Furthermore, this book was written as a primer for the more advanced mathematical and physical ideas to come later in this series.

An Introduction to Nuclear Physics

An Introduction to Nuclear Physics

  • Author: W. N. Cottingham,D. A. Greenwood
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521657334
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 271
  • View: 5553
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This clear and concise introduction to nuclear physics provides an excellent basis for a core undergraduate course in this area. The book opens by setting nuclear physics in the context of elementary particle physics and then shows how simple models can provide an understanding of the properties of nuclei, both in their ground states and excited states, and also of the nature of nuclear reactions. The book also includes chapters on nuclear fission, its application in nuclear power reactors, the role of nuclear physics in energy production and nucleosynthesis in stars. This second edition contains several additional topics: muon-catalysed fusion, the nuclear and neutrino physics of supernovae, neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations, and the biological effects of radiation. A knowledge of basic quantum mechanics and special relativity is assumed. Appendices deal with other more specialized topics. Each chapter ends with a set of problems for which outline solutions are provided.

Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model

Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model

  • Author: Matthew D. Schwartz
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107034736
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 863
  • View: 9497
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Modern introduction to quantum field theory for graduates, providing intuitive, physical explanations supported by real-world applications and homework problems.

Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists

Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists

  • Author: A. Zee
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400881188
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 632
  • View: 6014
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Although group theory is a mathematical subject, it is indispensable to many areas of modern theoretical physics, from atomic physics to condensed matter physics, particle physics to string theory. In particular, it is essential for an understanding of the fundamental forces. Yet until now, what has been missing is a modern, accessible, and self-contained textbook on the subject written especially for physicists. Group Theory in a Nutshell for Physicists fills this gap, providing a user-friendly and classroom-tested text that focuses on those aspects of group theory physicists most need to know. From the basic intuitive notion of a group, A. Zee takes readers all the way up to how theories based on gauge groups could unify three of the four fundamental forces. He also includes a concise review of the linear algebra needed for group theory, making the book ideal for self-study. Provides physicists with a modern and accessible introduction to group theory Covers applications to various areas of physics, including field theory, particle physics, relativity, and much more Topics include finite group and character tables; real, pseudoreal, and complex representations; Weyl, Dirac, and Majorana equations; the expanding universe and group theory; grand unification; and much more The essential textbook for students and an invaluable resource for researchers Features a brief, self-contained treatment of linear algebra An online illustration package is available to professors Solutions manual (available only to professors)

The Standard Model

The Standard Model

A Primer

  • Author: Cliff Burgess,Guy Moore
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521860369
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 542
  • View: 2674
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This 2006 book uses the standard model as a vehicle for introducing quantum field theory.

Concepts in Particle Physics

Concepts in Particle Physics

A Concise Introduction to the Standard Model

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9813227575
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 2817
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The 2013 discovery of the Higgs boson posed a challenge to both physics undergraduates and their instructors. Since particle physics is seldom taught at the undergraduate level, the question "what is the Higgs and why does its discovery matter?" is a common question among undergraduates. Equally, answering this question is a problem for physics instructors. This book is an attempt to put the key concepts of particle physics together in an appealing way, and yet give enough extra tidbits for students seriously considering graduate studies in particle physics. It starts with some recapitulation of relativity and quantum mechanics, and then builds on it to give both conceptual ideas regarding the Standard Model of particle physics as well as technical details. It is presented in an informal lecture style, and includes "remarks" sections where extra material, history, or technical details are presented for the interested student. The last lecture presents an assessment of the open questions, and where the future might take us.

Dynamics of the Standard Model

Dynamics of the Standard Model

  • Author: John F. Donoghue,Eugene Golowich,Barry R. Holstein
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521768675
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 590
  • View: 1737
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Describing the theory of particle physics and its applications for graduate students and researchers in particle physics and nuclear physics.

Supersymmetry and String Theory

Supersymmetry and String Theory

Beyond the Standard Model

  • Author: Michael Dine
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107048389
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 608
  • View: 7811
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This fully updated second edition provides a thorough overview of string theory and supersymmetry and includes the groundbreaking Higgs discovery.

String Theory in a Nutshell

String Theory in a Nutshell

  • Author: Elias Kiritsis
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 588
  • View: 7419
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This book is the essential new introduction to modern string theory, by one of the world's authorities on the subject. Concise, clearly presented, and up-to-date, String Theory in a Nutshell brings together the best understood and most important aspects of a theory that has been evolving since the early 1980s. A core model of physics that substitutes one-dimensional extended "strings" for zero-dimensional point-like particles (as in quantum field theory), string theory has been the leading candidate for a theory that would successfully unify all fundamental forces of nature, including gravity. Starting with the basic definitions of the theory, Elias Kiritsis guides readers through classic and modern topics. In particular, he treats perturbative string theory and its Conformal Field Theory (CFT) tools in detail while also developing nonperturbative aspects and exploring the unity of string interactions. He presents recent topics including black holes, their microscopic entropy, and the AdS/CFT correspondence. He also describes matrix model tools for string theory. In all, the book contains nearly five hundred exercises for the graduate-level student, and works as a self-contained and detailed guide to the literature. String Theory in a Nutshell is the staple one-volume reference on the subject not only for students and researchers of theoretical high-energy physics, but also for mathematicians and physicists specializing in theoretical cosmology and QCD.

An Introduction To The Standard Model Of Particle Physics For The Non-specialist

An Introduction To The Standard Model Of Particle Physics For The Non-specialist

  • Author: Marsh Gerald E
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9813232609
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 164
  • View: 6384
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This book takes the reader from some elementary ideas about groups to the essence of the Standard Model of particle physics along a relatively straight and intuitive path. Groups alone are first used to arrive at a classical analog of the Dirac equation. Using elementary quantum mechanics, this analog can be turned into the actual Dirac equation, which governs the motion of the quarks and leptons of the Standard Model. After an introduction to the gauge principle, the groups introduced in the beginning of the book are used to give an introduction to the Standard Model. The idea is to give an Olympian view of this evolution, one that is often missing when absorbing the detailed subject matter of the Standard Model as presented in an historical approach to the subject. Contents: PrefaceGroupsA Semblance of the Dirac Equation From GroupsMinimalist Quantum MechanicsGauge PrincipleStandard Model BeginningsParticles of the Standard Model and QCDAppendix A: The Particle EnigmaAppendix B: Spinor Representations of the Lorentz GroupAppendix C: The Schwinger TermAppendix D: The Cosmic Microwave Background RadiationA Few Reference BooksIndex Readership: Undergraduate students and academics interested in the Standard Model. Keywords: Standard Model Particle Physics;Standard Model QCDReview: Key Features: Presents the Standard Model not only using an historical approach, but also with some philosophical aspects, discussing some recent research on the nature of a "particle"

Modern Elementary Particle Physics

Modern Elementary Particle Physics

Explaining and Extending the Standard Model

  • Author: Gordon Kane
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107165083
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 5228
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This book is written for students and scientists wanting to learn about the Standard Model of particle physics. Only an introductory course knowledge about quantum theory is needed. The text provides a pedagogical description of the theory, and incorporates the recent Higgs boson and top quark discoveries. With its clear and engaging style, this new edition retains its essential simplicity. Long and detailed calculations are replaced by simple approximate ones. It includes introductions to accelerators, colliders, and detectors, and several main experimental tests of the Standard Model are explained. Descriptions of some well-motivated extensions of the Standard Model prepare the reader for new developments. It emphasizes the concepts of gauge theories and Higgs physics, electroweak unification and symmetry breaking, and how force strengths vary with energy, providing a solid foundation for those working in the field, and for those who simply want to learn about the Standard Model.

The Standard Model and Beyond

The Standard Model and Beyond

  • Author: J D Vergados
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
  • ISBN: 9813228571
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 452
  • View: 899
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This book contains a systematic and pedagogical exposition of recent developments in particle physics and cosmology. It starts with two introductory chapters on group theory and the Dirac theory. Then it proceeds with the formulation of the Standard Model (SM) of Particle Physics, particle content and symmetries, fully exploiting the material of the first two chapters. It discusses the concept of gauge symmetries and emphasizes their role in particle physics. It then analyses the Higgs mechanism and the spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB). It explains how the particles (gauge bosons and fermions) after the SSB acquire a mass and get admixed. The various forms of the charged currents are discussed in detail as well as how the parameters of the SM, which cannot be determined by the theory, are fixed by experiment, including the recent LHC data and the Higgs discovery. Quantum chromodynamics is discussed and various low energy approximations to it are presented. The Feynman diagrams are introduced and applied, at the level of first year graduate students. Examples are the evaluation of the decay widths of the gauge bosons and some cross sections for interesting processes such as Rutherford scattering, electron-proton scattering (elementary proton or described by a form factor, and inelastic scattering) and Compton scattering. After that the classic topics like the role of C, P, CP symmetries and the experimental methods needed to verify their conservation or violation are discussed in some detail. Topics beyond the standard model, like supersymmetry for pedestrians and grand unification, are discussed. To this end neutrino oscillations, dark matter and baryon asymmetry are also briefly discussed at the first year graduate level. Finally, the book contains an exhibition of recent developments in cosmology, especially from the elementary particle point of view. Contents: Mathematical Prerequisite A: Elements of Group TheoryMathematical Prerequisite B: The Dirac TheoryThe Standard Model: Particle Content and SymmetryThe Higgs MechanismFermion Masses and CurrentsThe SM SU(3) Group; Quantum ChromodynamicsRates and Cross Sections in Electroweak TheorySupersymmetry for PedestriansGrand Unification; The SU(5) ExampleA Brief Introduction to CosmologyAspects of Neutrino Physics; Neutrino OscillationsDiscrete Symmetries: C, P, T and All ThatAppendix: Some Elementary Aspects of Particle Physics Readership: Advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates studying particle or astroparticle physics.

Introduction to Particle Cosmology

Introduction to Particle Cosmology

The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems

  • Author: Cosimo Bambi,Alexandre D. Dolgov
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3662480786
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 251
  • View: 6651
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This book introduces the basic concepts of particle cosmology and covers all the main aspects of the Big Bang Model (expansion of the Universe, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Cosmic Microwave Background, large scale structures) and the search for new physics (inflation, baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy). It also includes the majority of recent discoveries, such as the precise determination of cosmological parameters using experiments like WMAP and Planck, the discovery of the Higgs boson at LHC, the non-discovery to date of supersymmetric particles, and the search for the imprint of gravitational waves on the CMB polarization by Planck and BICEP. This textbook is based on the authors’ courses on Cosmology, and aims at introducing Particle Cosmology to senior undergraduate and graduate students. It has been especially written to be accessible even for those students who do not have a strong background in General Relativity and quantum field theory. The content of this book is organized in an easy-to-use style and students will find it a helpful research guide.

The Standard Model and Beyond, Second Edition

The Standard Model and Beyond, Second Edition

  • Author: Paul Langacker
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1498763227
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 650
  • View: 6253
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This new edition of The Standard Model and Beyond presents an advanced introduction to the physics and formalism of the standard model and other non-abelian gauge theories. It provides a solid background for understanding supersymmetry, string theory, extra dimensions, dynamical symmetry breaking, and cosmology. In addition to updating all of the experimental and phenomenological results from the first edition, it contains a new chapter on collider physics; expanded discussions of Higgs, neutrino, and dark matter physics; and many new problems. The book first reviews calculational techniques in field theory and the status of quantum electrodynamics. It then focuses on global and local symmetries and the construction of non-abelian gauge theories. The structure and tests of quantum chromodynamics, collider physics, the electroweak interactions and theory, and the physics of neutrino mass and mixing are thoroughly explored. The final chapter discusses the motivations for extending the standard model and examines supersymmetry, extended gauge groups, and grand unification. Thoroughly covering gauge field theories, symmetries, and topics beyond the standard model, this text equips readers with the tools to understand the structure and phenomenological consequences of the standard model, to construct extensions, and to perform calculations at tree level. It establishes the necessary background for readers to carry out more advanced research in particle physics. Supplementary materials are provided on the author’s website and a solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.

Einstein Gravity in a Nutshell

Einstein Gravity in a Nutshell

  • Author: A. Zee
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400847451
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 888
  • View: 2748
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This unique textbook provides an accessible introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity, a subject of breathtaking beauty and supreme importance in physics. With his trademark blend of wit and incisiveness, A. Zee guides readers from the fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics to the most exciting frontiers of research today, including de Sitter and anti-de Sitter spacetimes, Kaluza-Klein theory, and brane worlds. Unlike other books on Einstein gravity, this book emphasizes the action principle and group theory as guides in constructing physical theories. Zee treats various topics in a spiral style that is easy on beginners, and includes anecdotes from the history of physics that will appeal to students and experts alike. He takes a friendly approach to the required mathematics, yet does not shy away from more advanced mathematical topics such as differential forms. The extensive discussion of black holes includes rotating and extremal black holes and Hawking radiation. The ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate students, Einstein Gravity in a Nutshell also provides an essential resource for professional physicists and is accessible to anyone familiar with classical mechanics and electromagnetism. It features numerous exercises as well as detailed appendices covering a multitude of topics not readily found elsewhere. Provides an accessible introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity Guides readers from Newtonian mechanics to the frontiers of modern research Emphasizes symmetry and the Einstein-Hilbert action Covers topics not found in standard textbooks on Einstein gravity Includes interesting historical asides Features numerous exercises and detailed appendices Ideal for students, physicists, and scientifically minded lay readers Solutions manual (available only to teachers)

R in a Nutshell

R in a Nutshell

A Desktop Quick Reference

  • Author: Joseph Adler
  • Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
  • ISBN: 1449358225
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 724
  • View: 1741
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If you’re considering R for statistical computing and data visualization, this book provides a quick and practical guide to just about everything you can do with the open source R language and software environment. You’ll learn how to write R functions and use R packages to help you prepare, visualize, and analyze data. Author Joseph Adler illustrates each process with a wealth of examples from medicine, business, and sports. Updated for R 2.14 and 2.15, this second edition includes new and expanded chapters on R performance, the ggplot2 data visualization package, and parallel R computing with Hadoop. Get started quickly with an R tutorial and hundreds of examples Explore R syntax, objects, and other language details Find thousands of user-contributed R packages online, including Bioconductor Learn how to use R to prepare data for analysis Visualize your data with R’s graphics, lattice, and ggplot2 packages Use R to calculate statistical fests, fit models, and compute probability distributions Speed up intensive computations by writing parallel R programs for Hadoop Get a complete desktop reference to R

Advanced Concepts in Particle and Field Theory

Advanced Concepts in Particle and Field Theory

  • Author: Tristan Hübsch
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107097487
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 575
  • View: 4745
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An expansive and conceptually unifying textbook of fundamental and theoretical physics, describing elementary particles and their interactions.