Search Results for "the-tragedy-of-great-power-politics"

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (Updated Edition)

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (Updated Edition)

  • Author: John J. Mearsheimer
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393076240
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 1575
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"A superb book.…Mearsheimer has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the behavior of great powers."—Barry R. Posen, The National Interest The updated edition of this classic treatise on the behavior of great powers takes a penetrating look at the question likely to dominate international relations in the twenty-first century: Can China rise peacefully? In clear, eloquent prose, John Mearsheimer explains why the answer is no: a rising China will seek to dominate Asia, while the United States, determined to remain the world's sole regional hegemon, will go to great lengths to prevent that from happening. The tragedy of great power politics is inescapable.

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics

  • Author: John J. Mearsheimer
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 0393978397
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 555
  • View: 7856
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An analysis of the inevitability of war. As the Cold War fades, leaders and theorists alike speak of a new era, when democracy and open trade will join hands to banish outright war. Mearsheimer exposes the truth behind this rhetoric: in a world where no international authority reigns, hegemony is the only insurance of security.

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics

  • Author: John J. Mearsheimer
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 9780393020250
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 555
  • View: 9526
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Explaining his theory of "offensive realism," the University of Chicago professor of political science discusses the methods used by states to ensure their survival through military strength and regional dominance.

The Balance of Power in International Relations

The Balance of Power in International Relations

Metaphors, Myths and Models

  • Author: Richard Little
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521874882
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 317
  • View: 2584
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Offering an analysis of the concept of the balance of power in IR, Little establishes a framework that treats the balance of power as a metaphor, a myth and a model. He then uses this framework to reassess four major texts that use this to promote a theoretical understanding of international relations.

Great Delusion

Great Delusion

Liberal Dreams and International Realities

  • Author: John J. Mearsheimer
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300240538
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7796
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A major theoretical statement by a distinguished political scholar explains why a policy of liberal hegemony is doomed to fail In this major statement, the renowned international-relations scholar John Mearsheimer argues that liberal hegemony, the foreign policy pursued by the United States since the Cold War ended, is doomed to fail. It makes far more sense, he maintains, for Washington to adopt a more restrained foreign policy based on a sound understanding of how nationalism and realism constrain great powers abroad. It is widely believed in the West that the United States should spread liberal democracy across the world, foster an open international economy, and build institutions. This policy of remaking the world in America’s image is supposed to protect human rights, promote peace, and make the world safe for democracy. But this is not what has happened. Instead, the United States has ended up as a highly militarized state fighting wars that undermine peace, harm human rights, and threaten liberal values at home. Mearsheimer tells us why this has happened.

Why Leaders Lie

Why Leaders Lie

The Truth about Lying in International Politics

  • Author: John J. Mearsheimer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199975450
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 142
  • View: 4413
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Presents an analysis of the lying behavior of political leaders, discussing the reasons why it occurs, the different types of lies, and the costs and benefits to the public and other countries that result from it, with examples from the recent past.

Social Theory of International Politics

Social Theory of International Politics

  • Author: Alexander Wendt
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107268435
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8730
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims of the constructivist approach, presenting a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism which underpins much mainstream international relations theory. He builds a cultural theory of international politics, which takes whether states view each other as enemies, rivals or friends as a fundamental determinant. Wendt characterises these roles as 'cultures of anarchy', described as Hobbesian, Lockean and Kantian respectively. These cultures are shared ideas which help shape state interests and capabilities, and generate tendencies in the international system. The book describes four factors which can drive structural change from one culture to another - interdependence, common fate, homogenization, and self-restraint - and examines the effects of capitalism and democracy in the emergence of a Kantian culture in the West.

War and Change in World Politics

War and Change in World Politics

  • Author: Robert Gilpin
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521273763
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8038
DOWNLOAD NOW »
War and Change in World Politics introduces the reader to an important new theory of international political change. Arguing that the fundamental nature of international relations has not changed over the millennia, Professor Gilpin uses history, sociology, and economic theory to identify the forces causing change in the world order. The discussion focuses on the differential growth of power in the international system and the result of this unevenness. A shift in the balance of power - economic or military - weakens the foundations of the existing system, because those gaining power see the increasing benefits and the decreasing cost of changing the system. The result, maintains Gilpin, is that actors seek to alter the system through territorial, political, or economic expansion until the marginal costs of continuing change are greater than the marginal benefits. When states develop the power to change the system according to their interests they will strive to do so- either by increasing economic efficiency and maximizing mutual gain, or by redistributing wealth and power in their own favour.

Liddell Hart and the Weight of History

Liddell Hart and the Weight of History

  • Author: John J. Mearsheimer
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801476310
  • Category: History
  • Page: 234
  • View: 379
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This troubling book offers a striking illustration of how history can be used and abused—how a gifted individual can create their own self-serving version of the past.

Rational Theory of International Politics

Rational Theory of International Politics

The Logic of Competition and Cooperation

  • Author: Charles L. Glaser
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400835133
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5176
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Within the realist school of international relations, a prevailing view holds that the anarchic structure of the international system invariably forces the great powers to seek security at one another's expense, dooming even peaceful nations to an unrelenting struggle for power and dominance. Rational Theory of International Politics offers a more nuanced alternative to this view, one that provides answers to the most fundamental and pressing questions of international relations. Why do states sometimes compete and wage war while at other times they cooperate and pursue peace? Does competition reflect pressures generated by the anarchic international system or rather states' own expansionist goals? Are the United States and China on a collision course to war, or is continued coexistence possible? Is peace in the Middle East even feasible? Charles Glaser puts forward a major new theory of international politics that identifies three kinds of variables that influence a state's strategy: the state's motives, specifically whether it is motivated by security concerns or "greed"; material variables, which determine its military capabilities; and information variables, most importantly what the state knows about its adversary's motives. Rational Theory of International Politics demonstrates that variation in motives can be key to the choice of strategy; that the international environment sometimes favors cooperation over competition; and that information variables can be as important as material variables in determining the strategy a state should choose.

The Origins of Major War

The Origins of Major War

  • Author: Dale C. Copeland
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801487576
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 4912
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Copeland asks why governments make decisions that lead to, sustain, and intensify conflicts, drawing on detailed historical narratives of several twentieth-century cases, including World War I, World War II, and the Cold War.

After Victory

After Victory

Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order after Major Wars

  • Author: G. John Ikenberry
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 140082396X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 8549
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The end of the Cold War was a "big bang" reminiscent of earlier moments after major wars, such as the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the end of the World Wars in 1919 and 1945. Here John Ikenberry asks the question, what do states that win wars do with their newfound power and how do they use it to build order? In examining the postwar settlements in modern history, he argues that powerful countries do seek to build stable and cooperative relations, but the type of order that emerges hinges on their ability to make commitments and restrain power. The author explains that only with the spread of democracy in the twentieth century and the innovative use of international institutions--both linked to the emergence of the United States as a world power--has order been created that goes beyond balance of power politics to exhibit "constitutional" characteristics. The open character of the American polity and a web of multilateral institutions allow the United States to exercise strategic restraint and establish stable relations among the industrial democracies despite rapid shifts and extreme disparities in power. Blending comparative politics with international relations, and history with theory, After Victory will be of interest to anyone concerned with the organization of world order, the role of institutions in world politics, and the lessons of past postwar settlements for today. It also speaks to today's debate over the ability of the United States to lead in an era of unipolar power.

History and Neorealism

History and Neorealism

  • Author: Ernest R. May,Richard Rosecrance,Zara Steiner
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139490923
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2707
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Neorealists argue that all states aim to acquire power and that state cooperation can therefore only be temporary, based on a common opposition to a third country. This view condemns the world to endless conflict for the indefinite future. Based upon careful attention to actual historical outcomes, this book contends that, while some countries and leaders have demonstrated excessive power drives, others have essentially underplayed their power and sought less position and influence than their comparative strength might have justified. Featuring case studies from across the globe, History and Neorealism examines how states have actually acted. The authors conclude that leadership, domestic politics, and the domain (of gain or loss) in which they reside play an important role along with international factors in raising the possibility of a world in which conflict does not remain constant and, though not eliminated, can be progressively reduced.

World Order

World Order

Reflections on the Character of Nations and the Course of History: Reflections on the Character of Nations and the Course of History

  • Author: Bryan Gibson
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1351350986
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1190
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Henry Kissinger's 2014 book World Order: Reflections on the Character of Nations and the Course of History not only offers a summary of thinking developed throughout a long and highly influential career-it is also an intervention in international relations theory by one of the most famous statesmen of the twentieth century. Kissinger initially trained as a university professor before becoming Secretary of State to President Richard Nixon in 1973 - a position in which he both won the Nobel Peace Prize and was accused of war crimes by protesters against American military actions in Vietnam. While a controversial figure, Kissinger is widely agreed to have a unique level of practical and theoretical expertise in politics and international relations - and World Order is the culmination of a lifetime's experience of work in those fields. The product of a master of the critical thinking skill of interpretation, World Order takes on the challenge of defining the worldviews at play in global politics today. Clarifying precisely what is meant by the different notions of 'order' imagined by nations across the world, as Kissinger does, highlights the challenges of world politics, and sharpens the focus on efforts to make surmounting these divisions possible. While Kissinger's own reputation will likely remain equivocal, there is no doubting the interpretative skills he displays in this engaging and illuminating text.

Great Powers and Geopolitical Change

Great Powers and Geopolitical Change

  • Author: Jakub J. Grygiel
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 0801889618
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 8019
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In an era of high technology and instant communication, the role of geography in the formation of strategy and politics in international relations can be undervalued. But the mountains of Afghanistan and the scorching sand storms of Iraq have provided stark reminders that geographical rea`lities continue to have a profound impact on the success of military campaigns. Here, political scientist Jakub J. Grygiel brings to light the importance of incorporating geography into grand strategy. He argues that states can increase and maintain their position of power by pursuing a geostrategy that focuses on control of resources and lines of communication. Grygiel examines case studies of Venice, the Ottoman Empire, and China in the global fifteenth century—all great powers that faced a dramatic change in geopolitics when new routes and continents were discovered. The location of resources, the layout of trade networks, and the stability of state boundaries played a large role in the success or failure of these three powers. Grygiel asserts that, though many other aspects of foreign policy have changed throughout history, strategic response to geographical features remains one of the most salient factors in establishing and maintaining power in the international arena. -- Geoffrey Sloan

Power Politics

Power Politics

  • Author: Martin Wight
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 9780826461742
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 317
  • View: 2626
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This account of state-systems, which derives not from theoretical models but from the study of state-systems that have actually existed, emphasizes their moral or normative bases. It argues that a system of states presupposes a common culture. The essays deal with the concept of systems of states: the state-systems of Hellas; Hellas and Persia; the geographical and chronological boundaries of the modern states-system; international legitimacy; and triangles and duels. An introductory chapter by Hedley Bull draws the essays together and provides an account of Martin Wright's life and thought.

Theory of International Politics

Theory of International Politics

  • Author: Kenneth N. Waltz
  • Publisher: Waveland Press
  • ISBN: 1478610530
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 251
  • View: 6757
DOWNLOAD NOW »
From Theory of International Politics . . . National politics is the realm of authority, of administration, and of law. International politics is the realm of power, of struggle, and of accommodation. . . . States, like people, are insecure in proportion to the extent of their freedom. If freedom is wanted, insecurity must be accepted. Organizations that establish relations of authority and control may increase security as they decrease freedom. If might does not make right, whether among people or states, then some institution or agency has intervened to lift them out of natures realm. The more influential the agency, the stronger the desire to control it becomes. In contrast, units in an anarchic order act for their own sakes and not for the sake of preserving an organization and furthering their fortunes within it. Force is used for ones own interest. In the absence of organization, people or states are free to leave one another alone. Even when they do not do so, they are better able, in the absence of the politics of the organization, to concentrate on the politics of the problem and to aim for a minimum agreement that will permit their separate existence rather than a maximum agreement for the sake of maintaining unity. If might decides, then bloody struggles over right can more easily be avoided.

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (Updated Edition)

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (Updated Edition)

  • Author: John J. Mearsheimer
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 561
  • View: 3347
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Explaining his theory of "offensive realism," the University of Chicago professor of political science discusses the methods used by states to ensure their survival through military strength and regional dominance.

Theory of Unipolar Politics

Theory of Unipolar Politics

  • Author: Nuno P. Monteiro
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107061806
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 7001
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Theory of Unipolar Politics studies the durability and peacefulness of the post-Cold War international system.

The Strategy of Conflict

The Strategy of Conflict

  • Author: Thomas C. Schelling
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674840317
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 309
  • View: 5361
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Analyzes the nature of international disagreements and conflict resolution in terms of game theory and non-zero-sum games.