Search Results for "theory-and-evidence-in-comparative-politics-and-international-relations"

Theory and Evidence in Comparative Politics and International Relations

Theory and Evidence in Comparative Politics and International Relations

  • Author: R. Lebow,M. Lichbach
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230607500
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 290
  • View: 5786
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This book explores the epistemology and the methodology of political knowledge and social inquiry: what can we know, and how do we know? Contributing authors offer answers, addressing the purpose and methods of research and analyzing concepts, including the relationship of theory and evidence and the importance of medicine to social science.

The Comparative Politics of Education

The Comparative Politics of Education

Teachers Unions and Education Systems around the World

  • Author: Terry M. Moe,Susanne Wiborg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316739600
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 787
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Public education is critically important to the human capital, social well-being, and economic prosperity of nations. It is also an intensely political realm of public policy that is heavily shaped by power and special interests. Yet political scientists rarely study education, and education researchers rarely study politics. This volume attempts to change that by promoting the development of a coherent, thriving field on the comparative politics of education. As an opening wedge, the authors carry out an 11-nation comparative study of the political role of teachers unions, showing that as education systems everywhere became institutionalized, teachers unions pursued their interests by becoming well-organized, politically active, highly influential - and during the modern era, the main opponents of neoliberal reform. Across diverse nations, the commonalities are striking. The challenge going forward is to expand on this study's scope, theory, and evidence to bring education into the heart of comparative politics.

Foundations of Comparative Politics

Foundations of Comparative Politics

Democracies of the Modern World

  • Author: Kenneth Newton,Jan W. van Deth
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 131655290X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5460
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The new edition of this leading overview of comparative politics once again blends theory and evidence across democratic systems to provide unparalleled coverage. The student-friendly structure and clear, concise writing ensure that complex issues are clearly explained and students engage with the key theories. The third edition is updated throughout, with a new chapter, 'Public Spending and Public Policies', increased coverage of defective democracies, and revised coverage of e-democracy and the power of the media. The pedagogy is simplified with a focus on 'Briefings' and 'Controversies' that feature examples from across the globe, alongside clear key terms, 'What We Have Learned' and 'Lessons of Comparison' sections, and a wealth of online materials to complete a rich teaching and learning package.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics

  • Author: Susan Carol Stokes
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780199278480
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1021
  • View: 5004
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The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics offers a critical survey of the field of empirical political science through the collection of a set of chapters written by 48 top scholars in the discipline of comparative politics

Russia's Regions and Comparative Subnational Politics

Russia's Regions and Comparative Subnational Politics

  • Author: William M. Reisinger
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135122474
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 214
  • View: 6686
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Subnational political units are growing in influence in national and international affairs, drawing increasing scholarly attention to politics beyond national capitals. In this book, leading Russian and Western political scientists contribute to debates in comparative politics by examining Russia’s subnational politics. Beginning with a chapter that reviews major debates in theory and method, this book continues to examine Russia’s 83 regions, exploring a wide range of topics including the nature and stability of authoritarian regimes, federal politics, political parties, ethnic conflict, governance and inequality in a comparative perspective. Providing both qualitative and quantitative data from 20 years of original research, the book draws on elite interaction, public opinion and the role of institutions regionally in the post-Soviet years. The regions vary on a number of theoretically interesting dimensions while their federal membership provides control for other dimensions that are challenging for globally comparative studies. The authors demonstrate the utility of subnational analyses and show how regional research can help answer a variety of political questions, providing evidence from Russia that can be used by specialists on other large countries or world regions in cross-national scholarship. Situated within broader theoretical and methodological political science debates, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Russian politics, comparative politics, regionalism and subnational politics.

Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives on Nationalism

Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives on Nationalism

New Directions in Cross-Cultural and Post-Communist Studies

  • Author: Taras Kuzio
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 3838258150
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 436
  • View: 7458
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This volume brings together 15 articles divided into four sections on the role of nationalism in transitions to democracy, the application of theory to country case studies, and the role played by history and myths in the forging of national identities and nationalisms. The book develops new theories and frameworks through engaging with leading scholars of nationalism: Hans Kohn's propositions are discussed in relation to the applicability of the term 'civic' (with no ethno-cultural connotations) to liberal democracies, Rogers Brubaker over the usefulness of dividing European states into 'civic' and 'nationalizing' states when the former have historically been 'nationalizers', Will Kymlicka on the applicability of multiculturalism to post-communist states, and Paul Robert Magocsi on the lack of data to support claims of revivals by national minorities in Ukraine. The book also engages with 'transitology' over the usefulness of comparative studies of transitions in regions that underwent only political reforms, and those that had 'quadruple transitions', implying simultaneous democratic and market reforms, as well as state and nation building. A comparative study of Serbian and Russian diasporas focuses on why ethnic Serbs and Russians living outside Serbia and Russia reacted differently to the disintegration of Yugoslavia and the USSR. The book dissects the writing of Russian and Soviet history that continues to utilize imperial frameworks of history, analyzes the re-writing of Ukrainian history within post-colonial theories, and discusses the forging of Ukraine's identity within theories of 'Others' as central to the shaping of identities. The collection of articles proposes a new framework for the study of Ukrainian nationalism as a broader research phenomenon by placing nationalism in Ukraine within a theoretical and comparative perspective.

Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy

Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy

  • Author: Daniel Ziblatt
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108298591
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5201
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How do democracies form and what makes them die? Daniel Ziblatt revisits this timely and classic question in a wide-ranging historical narrative that traces the evolution of modern political democracy in Europe from its modest beginnings in 1830s Britain to Adolf Hitler's 1933 seizure of power in Weimar Germany. Based on rich historical and quantitative evidence, the book offers a major reinterpretation of European history and the question of how stable political democracy is achieved. The barriers to inclusive political rule, Ziblatt finds, were not inevitably overcome by unstoppable tides of socioeconomic change, a simple triumph of a growing middle class, or even by working class collective action. Instead, political democracy's fate surprisingly hinged on how conservative political parties – the historical defenders of power, wealth, and privilege – recast themselves and coped with the rise of their own radical right. With striking modern parallels, the book has vital implications for today's new and old democracies under siege.

Comparative Democratic Politics

Comparative Democratic Politics

A Guide to Contemporary Theory and Research

  • Author: Hans Keman
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9780761954774
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 326
  • View: 1403
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This essential new book brings together world class scholars to provide a completely new comparative politics text. It offers a comprehensive reivew of the complete democratic process and provides a framework for measuring and evaluating contemporary democracy and democratic performance around the world.

The Politics of Nation-Building

The Politics of Nation-Building

Making Co-Nationals, Refugees, and Minorities

  • Author: Harris Mylonas
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139619810
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8854
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What drives a state's choice to assimilate, accommodate or exclude ethnic groups within its territory? In this innovative work on the international politics of nation-building, Harris Mylonas argues that a state's nation-building policies toward non-core groups - individuals perceived as an ethnic group by the ruling elite of a state - are influenced by both its foreign policy goals and its relations with the external patrons of these groups. Through a detailed study of the Balkans, Mylonas shows that how a state treats a non-core group within its own borders is determined largely by whether the state's foreign policy is revisionist or cleaves to the international status quo, and whether it is allied or in rivalry with that group's external patrons. Mylonas injects international politics into the study of nation-building, building a bridge between international relations and the comparative politics of ethnicity and nationalism.

Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

  • Author: Frances Hagopian
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521032889
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 1562
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This book is about politics in Brazil during the military regime of 1964-85 and the transition to democracy. Unlike most books about contemporary Brazilian politics that focus on promising signs of change, this book seeks to explain remarkable political continuity in the Brazilian political system. It attributes the persistence of traditional politics and the dominance of regionally-based, traditional political elites in particular to the manner in which the economic and political strategies of the military, together with the transition to democracy, reinforced the clientelistic, personalistic, and regional basis of state-society relations. The book focuses on the political competition and representation in the state of Minas Gerais.

Process Tracing

Process Tracing

From Metaphor to Analytic Tool

  • Author: Andrew Bennett,Jeffrey T. Checkel
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1316194779
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5664
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Advances in qualitative methods and recent developments in the philosophy of science have led to an emphasis on explanation via reference to causal mechanisms. This book argues that the method known as process tracing is particularly well suited to developing and assessing theories about such mechanisms. The editors begin by establishing a philosophical basis for process tracing - one that captures mainstream uses while simultaneously being open to applications by interpretive scholars. Equally important, they go on to establish best practices for individual process-tracing accounts - how micro to go, when to start (and stop), and how to deal with the problem of equifinality. The contributors then explore the application of process tracing across a range of subfields and theories in political science. This is an applied methods book which seeks to shrink the gap between the broad assertion that 'process tracing is good' and the precise claim 'this is an instance of good process tracing'.

Communism and the Emergence of Democracy

Communism and the Emergence of Democracy

  • Author: Harald Wydra
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139462180
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1846
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Before democracy becomes an institutionalised form of political authority, the rupture with authoritarian forms of power causes deep uncertainty about power and outcomes. This 2007 book connects the study of democratisation in eastern Europe and Russia to the emergence and crisis of communism. Wydra argues that the communist past is not simply a legacy but needs to be seen as a social organism in gestation, where critical events produce new expectations, memories and symbols that influence meanings of democracy. By examining a series of pivotal historical events, he shows that democratisation is not just a matter of institutional design, but rather a matter of consciousness and leadership under conditions of extreme and traumatic incivility. Rather than adopting the opposition between non-democratic and democratic, Wydra argues that the communist experience must be central to the study of the emergence and nature of democracy in (post-) communist countries.

Political Discussion in Modern Democracies

Political Discussion in Modern Democracies

A Comparative Perspective

  • Author: Michael R. Wolf,Laura Morales,Ken'ichi Ikeda
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136964142
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4801
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The study of political discussion has been broken into sub-categories including deliberative democracy, discursive studies, dynamics of interpersonal communication, and discussion network analyses, with substantial numbers of books and articles covering each. However, these areas are often treated distinctly and not brought together in a comprehensive and systematic way. Political Discussion in Modern Democracies: a comparative perspective reviews the breadth of the different literatures on political science and provides original comparative analyses of the nature of political discussion and its consequences on political deliberation and behaviour in numerous advanced industrial democracies worldwide. It is divided into two main sections that provide both a review of the field and context for the chapters that follow: Part I studies deliberation and discussion as the object of analysis. Part II concentrates on the consequences of political discussion and deliberation. Covering ten countries across Europe, Asia, and North and South America, this book makes a significant contribution toward broader theories of political communication, deliberative democracy, discussion networks, and political behaviour. It will be of interest to scholars of comparative politics, political communication, political behaviour, governance and democracy.

Global Capital and National Governments

Global Capital and National Governments

  • Author: Layna Mosley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521521628
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 379
  • View: 1857
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This text suggests that international financial integration does not mean the end of social democratic welfare policies. As evidence for its conclusions, it draws on interviews with fund managers, quantitative analyses and archival investment banking materials.

The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

  • Author: Jonas Wolff,Hans-Joachim Spanger,Hans-Jürgen Puhle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134509626
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 294
  • View: 8123
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Though scholarly attention to democracy promotion is increasing, there is still little comparative and theoretically-based work on the protagonists of democracy promotion. This book investigates the motives that drive democracy promotion in a comparative and theoretically oriented manner, exploring how democracy promoters deal with conflicting objectives and the factors that shape their behaviour. It also addresses the more policy-oriented debate on the contemporary challenges to democracy promotion, focusing on US and German policies towards three kinds of challenges: the emergence of ‘radical’ leftist governments in Bolivia and Ecuador, the political rise of Islamist movements in Turkey and Pakistan, and the consolidation of (semi-)authoritarian rule in Belarus and Russia. In each case, North-Western democracy promoters have been confronted with serious conflicts of objectives between security, economic interests and democracy promotion. The analysis and comparison of such situations in which democracy promoters have to deal with competing objectives and make tough decisions provides powerful evidence as to the factors that shape democracy promotion. The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, comparative politics, democratization studies and foreign policy.

The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis

The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis

  • Author: Robert E. Goodin,Charles Tilly
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0199548447
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 869
  • View: 4827
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Oxford Handbooks of Political Science are the essential guide to the state of political science today. With engaging contributions from 51 major international scholars, the Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis provides the key point of reference for anyone working in political science and beyond.

Introduction to Comparative Politics

Introduction to Comparative Politics

  • Author: Mark Kesselman,Joel Krieger,William Joseph
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1111831823
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 736
  • View: 1512
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Updated to reflect today’s political climate, the Sixth Edition of INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS offers a country-by-country approach that allows students to fully examine similarities and differences among countries and within and between political systems. Each chapter offers an analysis of political challenges and changing agendas within countries and provides detailed descriptions and analyses of the politics of individual countries. The Sixth Edition offers a condensed narrative and student-friendly pedagogy such as marginal key terms and focus questions that will help students make meaningful connections and comparisons about the countries presented. INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS, Sixth Edition, consists of 13 country case studies, selected for their significance in terms of the comparative themes and because they provide an interesting sample of types of political regimes, levels of economic development, and geographic regions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Democracy and the Politics of Electoral System Choice

Democracy and the Politics of Electoral System Choice

Engineering Electoral Dominance

  • Author: Amel Ahmed
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107031613
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 228
  • View: 1882
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Explores the dynamics of electoral system choice and raises questions about the democratic credentials of the early processes of democratization.

World Out of Balance

World Out of Balance

International Relations and the Challenge of American Primacy

  • Author: Stephen G. Brooks,William C. Wohlforth
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400837601
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 441
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World Out of Balance is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the constraints on the United States' use of power in pursuit of its security interests. Stephen Brooks and William Wohlforth overturn conventional wisdom by showing that in a unipolar system, where the United States is dominant in the scales of world power, the constraints featured in international relations theory are generally inapplicable. In fact, the authors argue that the U.S. will not soon lose its leadership position; rather, it stands before a twenty-year window of opportunity for reshaping the international system. Although American primacy in the world is unprecedented, analysts routinely stress the limited utility of such preeminence. The authors examine arguments from each of the main international relations theories--realism, institutionalism, constructivism, and liberalism. They also cover the four established external constraints on U.S. security policy--international institutions, economic interdependence, legitimacy, and balancing. The prevailing view is that these external constraints conspire to undermine the value of U.S. primacy, greatly restricting the range of security policies the country can pursue. Brooks and Wohlforth show that, in actuality, the international environment does not tightly constrain U.S. security policy. World Out of Balance underscores the need for an entirely new research agenda to better understand the contours of international politics and the United States' place in the world order.

Political Order and Inequality

Political Order and Inequality

  • Author: Carles Boix
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107089433
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 334
  • View: 9160
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The fundamental question of political theory, one that precedes all other questions about the nature of political life, is why there is a state at all. This book describes the foundations of stateless societies, why and how states emerge, and the basis of political obligation.