Search Results for "thinking-like-a-political-scientist"

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

A Practical Guide to Research Methods

  • Author: Christopher Howard
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022632768X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 1982
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Each year, tens of thousands of students who are interested in politics go through a rite of passage: they take a course in research methods. Many find the subject to be boring or confusing, and with good reason. Most of the standard books on research methods fail to highlight the most important concepts and questions. Instead, they brim with dry technical definitions and focus heavily on statistical analysis, slighting other valuable methods. This approach not only dulls potential enjoyment of the course, but prevents students from mastering the skills they need to engage more directly and meaningfully with a wide variety of research. With wit and practical wisdom, Christopher Howard draws on more than a decade of experience teaching research methods to transform a typically dreary subject and teach budding political scientists the critical skills they need to read published research more effectively and produce better research of their own. The first part of the book is devoted to asking three fundamental questions in political science: What happened? Why? Who cares? In the second section, Howard demonstrates how to answer these questions by choosing an appropriate research design, selecting cases, and working with numbers and written documents as evidence. Drawing on examples from American and comparative politics, international relations, and public policy, Thinking Like a Political Scientist highlights the most common challenges that political scientists routinely face, and each chapter concludes with exercises so that students can practice dealing with those challenges.

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

A Practical Guide to Research Methods

  • Author: Christopher Howard
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022632754X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 239
  • View: 5763
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There are a plethora of books that aim to teach the research methods needed for political science. Thinking Like a Political Scientist stands out from them in its conviction that students are better served by learning a handful of core lessons well rather than trying to memorize hundreds of often statistical definitions. Short and concise, the book has two main parts, Asking Good Questions and Generating Good Answers. In the first section, one chapter each is devoted to the three fundamental questions in political science: who cares?, what happened?, and why?. These take up, among many other topics, crafting a literature review, creating hypotheses, measuring concepts, and the difference between correlation and causation. The second section of the book has chapters about choosing a research design, choosing cases, working with written documents, and working with numbers. All of these are essential skills for undergraduates to have when reading published work and conducting their own research. Every chapter ends with several exercises where students can read examples from published work and develop their own skills as researchers. Finally, unlike most research methods books, Christopher Howard s sprinkles humor and surprising analogies throughout."

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

Thinking Like a Political Scientist

A Practical Guide to Research Methods

  • Author: Christopher Howard
  • Publisher: Chicago Guides to Writing, Edi
  • ISBN: 9780226327402
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 5163
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Each year, tens of thousands of students who are interested in politics go through a rite of passage: they take a course in research methods. Many find the subject to be boring or confusing, and with good reason. Most of the standard books on research methods fail to highlight the most important concepts and questions. Instead, they brim with dry technical definitions and focus heavily on statistical analysis, slighting other valuable methods. This approach not only dulls potential enjoyment of the course, but prevents students from mastering the skills they need to engage more directly and meaningfully with a wide variety of research. With wit and practical wisdom, Christopher Howard draws on more than a decade of experience teaching research methods to transform a typically dreary subject and teach budding political scientists the critical skills they need to read published research more effectively and produce better research of their own. The first part of the book is devoted to asking three fundamental questions in political science: What happened? Why? Who cares? In the second section, Howard demonstrates how to answer these questions by choosing an appropriate research design, selecting cases, and working with numbers and written documents as evidence. Drawing on examples from American and comparative politics, international relations, and public policy, Thinking Like a Political Scientist highlights the most common challenges that political scientists routinely face, and each chapter concludes with exercises so that students can practice dealing with those challenges.

How to Think Like a Social Scientist

How to Think Like a Social Scientist

  • Author: Thomas F. Pettigrew
  • Publisher: Harpercollins College Division
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 198
  • View: 3888
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This book fosters careful, critical thinking about the social sciences. Pettigrew encourages readers to apply newly developed critical thinking skills to the nature of theory, comparisons and control, cause and change, sampling and selection, varying levels of analysis, and systems thinking in the social sciences.

Field Research in Political Science

Field Research in Political Science

  • Author: Diana Kapiszewski,Lauren M. MacLean,Benjamin L. Read
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107006031
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 470
  • View: 8610
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Explains how field research contributes value to political science by exploring scholars' experiences, detailing exemplary practices, and asserting key principles.

Writing a Research Paper in Political Science

Writing a Research Paper in Political Science

A Practical Guide to Inquiry, Structure, and Methods

  • Author: Lisa A. Baglione
  • Publisher: CQ Press
  • ISBN: 148337615X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3265
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In Writing a Research Paper in Political Science, author Lisa Baglione breaks down the research paper into its constituent parts and shows students precisely how to complete each component. The author provides encouragement at each stage and faces pitfalls head on, giving advice and examples so that students move through each task successfully. Students are shown how to craft the right research question, find good sources and properly summarize them, operationalize concepts, design good tests for their hypotheses, and present and analyze quantitative and qualitative data. Even writing an introduction, coming up with effective headings and titles, presenting a conclusion, and the important steps of editing and revising are covered. Practical summaries, recipes for success, worksheets, exercises, and a series of handy checklists make this a must-have supplement for any writing-intensive political science course. In this Third Edition, updated sample research topics come from American government, gender studies, comparative politics, and international relations. And now, more extensive materials are available on the web, including checklists and worksheets that help students tackle each step, calendar ideas to help them complete their paper on time, and a glossary.

A Model Discipline

A Model Discipline

Political Science and the Logic of Representations

  • Author: Kevin A. Clarke,David M. Primo
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019538220X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 220
  • View: 3554
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Political science is an intensely quantitative discipline, and models are central. Political scientists use models—formal and informal, statistical and qualitative—to investigate and illuminate causal mechanisms, generate comparative data, and understand the conditions under which certain outcomes are expected to occur. But how do we justify and rationalize the method? Why test predictions from a deductive, and thus truth-preserving, system? David Primo and Kevin Clarke tackle these central questions in this novel work of methodology.

A Mathematics Course for Political and Social Research

A Mathematics Course for Political and Social Research

  • Author: Will H. Moore,David A. Siegel
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 140084861X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 456
  • View: 9466
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Political science and sociology increasingly rely on mathematical modeling and sophisticated data analysis, and many graduate programs in these fields now require students to take a "math camp" or a semester-long or yearlong course to acquire the necessary skills. Available textbooks are written for mathematics or economics majors, and fail to convey to students of political science and sociology the reasons for learning often-abstract mathematical concepts. A Mathematics Course for Political and Social Research fills this gap, providing both a primer for math novices in the social sciences and a handy reference for seasoned researchers. The book begins with the fundamental building blocks of mathematics and basic algebra, then goes on to cover essential subjects such as calculus in one and more than one variable, including optimization, constrained optimization, and implicit functions; linear algebra, including Markov chains and eigenvectors; and probability. It describes the intermediate steps most other textbooks leave out, features numerous exercises throughout, and grounds all concepts by illustrating their use and importance in political science and sociology. Uniquely designed and ideal for students and researchers in political science and sociology Uses practical examples from political science and sociology Features "Why Do I Care?" sections that explain why concepts are useful Includes numerous exercises Complete online solutions manual (available only to professors, email david.siegel at duke.edu, subject line "Solution Set") Selected solutions available online to students

Writing in Political Science

Writing in Political Science

A Brief Guide

  • Author: Danielle LaVaque-Manty,Mika LaVaque-Manty
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780190203931
  • Category: Academic writing
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2401
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Writing in Political Science: A Brief Guide applies the key concepts of rhetoric and composition--audience, purpose, genre, and credibility--to examples based in political science. It is part of a series of brief, discipline-specific writing guides from Oxford University Press designed for today's writing-intensive college courses. The series is edited by Tom Deans (University of Connecticut) and Mya Poe (Northeastern University).

Competition and Cooperation

Competition and Cooperation

Conversations with Nobelists about Economics and Political Science

  • Author: James Alt,Margaret Levi,Elinor Ostrom
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • ISBN: 1610440048
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 1097
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What can the disciplines of political science and economics learn from one another? Political scientists have recently begun to adapt economic theories of exchange, trade, and competition to the study of legislatures, parties, and voting. At the same time, some of the most innovative and influential thinkers in economics have crossed the boundaries of their discipline to explore the classic questions of political science. Competition and Cooperation features six of these path-breaking scholars, all winners of the Nobel Prize for Economics, in a series of conversations with more than a dozen distinguished political scientists. The discussions analyze, adapt, and extend the Nobelists' seminal work, showing how it has carried over into political science and paved the way for fruitful cooperation between the two disciplines. The exchanges span all of the major conceptual legacies of the Nobel laureates: Arrow's formalization of the problems of collective decisions; Buchanan's work on constitutions and his critique of majority rule; Becker's theory of competition among interest groups; North's focus on insecure property rights and transaction costs; Simon's concern with the limits to rationality; and Selten's experimental work on strategic thinking and behavior. As befits any genuine dialogue, the traffic of ideas and experiences runs both ways. The Nobel economists have had a profound impact upon political science, but, in addressing political questions, they have also had to rethink many settled assumptions of economics. The standard image of economic man as a hyper-rational, self-interested creature, acting by and for for himself, bears only a passing resemblance to man as a political animal. Several of the Nobelists featured in this volume have turned instead to the insights of cognitive science and institutional analysis to provide a more recognizable portrait of political life. The reconsideration of rationality and the role of institutions,in economics as in politics, raises the possibility of a shared approach to individual choice and institutional behavior that gives glimmers of a new unity in the social sciences. Competition and Cooperation demonstrates that the most important work in both economics and political science reflects a marriage of the two disciplines.

Seeing like a state

Seeing like a state

How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed

  • Author: James C. Scott
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 0300128789
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 463
  • View: 1236
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Why do well-intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry? In a wide-ranging and original study, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when schematic visions are imposed on long-established structures without taking into account preexisting interdependencies.

The Nature and Limits of Political Science

The Nature and Limits of Political Science

  • Author: Maurice Cowling
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521025829
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 1385
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This book provides a fascinating and critical overview of the study of political subjects within English universities in the mid-twentieth-century, and the strengths and weaknesses of certain patterns of thinking.

On the Political

On the Political

  • Author: Chantal Mouffe
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1134406045
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 168
  • View: 4273
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Since September 11th, we frequently hear that political differences should be put aside: the real struggle is between good and evil. What does this mean for political and social life? Is there a 'Third Way' beyond left and right, and if so, should we fear or welcome it? This thought-provoking book by Chantal Mouffe, a globally recognized political author, presents a timely account of the current state of democracy, affording readers the most relevant and up-to-date information. Arguing that liberal 'third way thinking' ignores fundamental, conflicting aspects of human nature, Mouffe states that, far from expanding democracy, globalization is undermining the combative and radical heart of democratic life. Going back first to Aristotle, she identifies the historical origins of the political and reflects on the Enlightenment, and the social contract, arguing that in spite of its good intentions, it levelled the radical core of political life. Contemporary examples, including the Iraq war, racism and the rise of the far right, are used to illustrate and support her theory that far from combating extremism, the quest for consensus politics undermines the ability to challenge it. These case studies are also highly effective points of reference for student revision. On the Political is a stimulating argument about the future of politics and addresses the most fundamental aspects of democracy that will aid further study.

Democracy for Realists

Democracy for Realists

Why Elections Do Not Produce Responsive Government

  • Author: Christopher H. Achen,Larry M. Bartels
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400888743
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 9413
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Democracy for Realists assails the romantic folk-theory at the heart of contemporary thinking about democratic politics and government, and offers a provocative alternative view grounded in the actual human nature of democratic citizens. Christopher Achen and Larry Bartels deploy a wealth of social-scientific evidence, including ingenious original analyses of topics ranging from abortion politics and budget deficits to the Great Depression and shark attacks, to show that the familiar ideal of thoughtful citizens steering the ship of state from the voting booth is fundamentally misguided. They demonstrate that voters—even those who are well informed and politically engaged—mostly choose parties and candidates on the basis of social identities and partisan loyalties, not political issues. They also show that voters adjust their policy views and even their perceptions of basic matters of fact to match those loyalties. When parties are roughly evenly matched, elections often turn on irrelevant or misleading considerations such as economic spurts or downturns beyond the incumbents' control; the outcomes are essentially random. Thus, voters do not control the course of public policy, even indirectly. Achen and Bartels argue that democratic theory needs to be founded on identity groups and political parties, not on the preferences of individual voters. Now with new analysis of the 2016 elections, Democracy for Realists provides a powerful challenge to conventional thinking, pointing the way toward a fundamentally different understanding of the realities and potential of democratic government.

Doing Empirical Political Research

Doing Empirical Political Research

  • Author: James M. Carlson,Mark S. Hyde
  • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin College Division
  • ISBN: 9780618116720
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 436
  • View: 1920
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This text emphasizes active learning through the use of real data and a hands-on approach to SPSS. By placing coverage of the philosophy of science and the building blocks of research at the beginning, the structure of the text follows the actual process students would employ in their own research. Activities and exercises help students master research concepts and skills.

The Party Decides

The Party Decides

Presidential Nominations Before and After Reform

  • Author: Marty Cohen,David Karol,Hans Noel,John Zaller
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226112381
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 1856
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Throughout the contest for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination, politicians and voters alike worried that the outcome might depend on the preferences of unelected superdelegates. This concern threw into relief the prevailing notion that—such unusually competitive cases notwithstanding—people, rather than parties, should and do control presidential nominations. But for the past several decades, The Party Decides shows, unelected insiders in both major parties have effectively selected candidates long before citizens reached the ballot box. Tracing the evolution of presidential nominations since the 1790s, this volume demonstrates how party insiders have sought since America’s founding to control nominations as a means of getting what they want from government. Contrary to the common view that the party reforms of the 1970s gave voters more power, the authors contend that the most consequential contests remain the candidates’ fights for prominent endorsements and the support of various interest groups and state party leaders. These invisible primaries produce frontrunners long before most voters start paying attention, profoundly influencing final election outcomes and investing parties with far more nominating power than is generally recognized.

Doing Political Psychology

Doing Political Psychology

From Past to Future

  • Author: George E. Marcus
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 9780195370645
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5560
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This text is designed to prepare the students to understand the ancient questions raised by our elders, from Ancient Greece through the Enlightenment and to today. And, to see how the newer approaches enable us to escape static disputes by using new tools, conceptual, theoretical, and methodological to seek new answers.

It's Time to Fight Dirty

It's Time to Fight Dirty

How Democrats Can Build a Lasting Majority in American Politics

  • Author: David Faris
  • Publisher: Melville House
  • ISBN: 1612196950
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 8574
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The American electoral system is clearly failing more horrifically in the 2016 presidential election than ever before. In It's Time to Fight Dirty, David Faris expands on his popular series for 'The Week' to offer party leaders and supporters concrete strategies for lasting political reform - and in doing so lays the groundwork for a more progressive future. With equal parts playful irreverence and persuasive reasoning, It's Time to Fight Dirty is essential reading as we head toward the 2018 midterms... and beyond.

Political Science Fiction

Political Science Fiction

  • Author: Donald M. Hassler,Clyde Wilcox
  • Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 9781570031137
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3355
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This text examines the close relationship between politics and science fiction and shows how much of the former is grounded in the latter. It is both an exploration of futuristic literature and a spectrum of ideas, from libertarianism to feminism.

Race and the Making of American Political Science

Race and the Making of American Political Science

  • Author: Jessica Blatt
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812294890
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 216
  • View: 9239
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Race and the Making of American Political Science shows that changing scientific ideas about racial difference were central to the academic study of politics as it emerged in the United States. From the late nineteenth century through the 1930s, scholars of politics defined and continually reoriented their field in response to the political imperatives of the racial order at home and abroad as well to as the vagaries of race science. The Gilded Age scholars who founded the first university departments and journals located sovereignty and legitimacy in a "Teutonic germ" of liberty planted in the new world by Anglo-Saxon settlers and almost extinguished in the conflict over slavery. Within a generation, "Teutonism" would come to seem like philosophical speculation, but well into the twentieth century, major political scientists understood racial difference to be a fundamental shaper of political life. They wove popular and scientific ideas about race into their accounts of political belonging, of progress and change, of proper hierarchy, and of democracy and its warrants. And they attended closely to new developments in race science, viewing them as central to their own core questions. In doing so, they constructed models of human difference and political life that still exert a powerful hold on our political imagination today, in and outside of the academy. By tracing this history, Jessica Blatt effects a bold reinterpretation of the origins of U.S. political science, one that embeds that history in larger processes of the coproduction of racial ideas, racial oppression, and political knowledge.