Search Results for "to-redeem-the-soul-of-america-the-southern-christian-leadership-conference-and-martin-luther-king-jr"

To Redeem the Soul of America

To Redeem the Soul of America

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King, Jr

  • Author: Adam Fairclough
  • Publisher: University of Georgia Press
  • ISBN: 9780820323466
  • Category: History
  • Page: 522
  • View: 3651
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To Redeem the Soul of America looks beyond the towering figure of Martin Luther King, Jr., to disclose the full workings of the organization that supported him. As Adam Fairclough reveals the dynamics within the Southern Christian Leadership Conference he shows how Julian Bond, Jesse Jackson, Wyatt Walker, Andrew Young, and others also played a hand in the triumphs of Selma and Birmingham and the frustrations of Albany and Chicago. Joining a charismatic leader with an inspired group of activists, the SCLC built a bridge from the black proletariat to the white liberal elite and then, finally, to the halls of Congress and the White House.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr.

  • Author: John A. Kirk
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317876504
  • Category: History
  • Page: 248
  • View: 4052
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Combining the latest insights from KIng biographies and movement histories, this book provides an up-to-date critical analysis of the relationship between King and the wider civil rights movement. Delivering a fresh perspective on the relationship between 'the man and the movement', Kirk argues that it is the interactionbetween national and local movement concerns that is essential to understanding King's leadership and black activism in the 1950s and 1960s. Kirk examines King's strengths and his limitations, and weighs the role that king played in then movement alongside the contributions of other civil rights organizations and leaders, and local civil rights activists. Suitable for undergraduate courses in 20th century US history.

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Volume 3: History

  • Author: Charles Reagan Wilson
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469616556
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 408
  • View: 3179
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Providing a chronological and interpretive spine to the twenty-four volumes of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, this volume broadly surveys history in the American South from the Paleoindian period (approximately 8000 B.C.E.) to the present. In 118 essays, contributors cover the turbulent past of the region that has witnessed frequent racial conflict, a bloody Civil War fought and lost on its soil, massive in- and out-migration, major economic transformations, and a civil rights movement that brought fundamental change to the social order. Charles Reagan Wilson's overview essay examines the evolution of southern history and the way our understanding of southern culture has unfolded over time and in response to a variety of events and social forces--not just as the opposite of the North but also in the larger context of the Atlantic World. Longer thematic essays cover major eras and events, such as early settlement, slave culture, Reconstruction, the New Deal, and the rise of the New South. Brief topical entries cover individuals--including figures from the Civil War, the civil rights movement, and twentieth-century politics--and organizations such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Daughters of the Confederacy, and Citizens' Councils, among others. Together, these essays offer a sweeping reference to the rich history of the region.

A History of African-American Leadership

A History of African-American Leadership

  • Author: John White,Bruce J. Dierenfield
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131786624X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 8826
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The story of black emancipation is one of the most dramatic themes of American history, covering racism, murder, poverty and extreme heroism. Figures such as Malcolm X and Martin Luther King are the demigods of the freedom movements, both film and household figures. This major text explores the African-American experience of the twentieth century with particular reference to six outstanding race leaders. Their philosophies and strategies for racial advancement are compared and set against the historical framework and constraints within which they functioned. The book also examines the 'grass roots' of black protest movements in America, paying particular attention to the major civil rights organizations as well as black separatist groups such as the Nation of Islam.

Roy Wilkins

Roy Wilkins

The Quiet Revolutionary and the NAACP

  • Author: Yvonne Ryan
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 0813143802
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 304
  • View: 923
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Roy Wilkins (1901--1981) spent forty-six years of his life serving the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and led the organization for more than twenty years. Under his leadership, the NAACP spearheaded efforts that contributed to landmark civil rights legislation, including the 1964 Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act. In Roy Wilkins: The Quiet Revolutionary and the NAACP, Yvonne Ryan offers the first biography of this influential activist, as well as an analysis of his significant contributions to civil rights in America. While activists in Alabama were treading the highways between Selma and Montgomery, Wilkins was walking the corridors of power in Washington, D.C., working tirelessly in the background to ensure that the rights they fought for were protected through legislation and court rulings. With his command of congressional procedure and networking expertise, Wilkins was regarded as a strong and trusted presence on Capitol Hill, and received greater access to the Oval Office than any other civil rights leader during the presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson. Roy Wilkins fills a significant gap in the history of the civil rights movement, objectively exploring the career and impact of one of its forgotten leaders. The quiet revolutionary, who spent his life navigating the Washington political system, affirmed the extraordinary and courageous efforts of the many men and women who braved the dangers of the southern streets and challenged injustice to achieve equal rights for all Americans.

Benjamin Elijah Mays, Schoolmaster of the Movement

Benjamin Elijah Mays, Schoolmaster of the Movement

A Biography

  • Author: Randal Maurice Jelks
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 0807869872
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5910
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In this first full-length biography of Benjamin Mays (1894-1984), Randal Maurice Jelks chronicles the life of the man Martin Luther King Jr. called his "spiritual and intellectual father." Dean of the Howard University School of Religion, president of Morehouse College, and mentor to influential black leaders, Mays had a profound impact on the education of the leadership of the black church and of a generation of activists, policymakers, and educators. Jelks argues that Mays's ability to connect the message of Christianity with the responsibility to challenge injustice prepared the black church for its pivotal role in the civil rights movement. From Mays's humble origins in Epworth, South Carolina, through his doctoral education, his work with institutions such as the National Urban League, the NAACP, and the national YMCA movement, and his significant career in academia, Jelks creates a rich portrait of the man, the teacher, and the scholar. Benjamin Elijah Mays, Schoolmaster of the Movement is a powerful portrayal of one man's faith, thought, and mentorship in bringing American apartheid to an end.

A Lasting Prophetic Legacy

A Lasting Prophetic Legacy

Martin Luther King Jr., the World Council of Churches, and the Global Crusade Against Racism and War

  • Author: Thomas A. Mulhall
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 163087342X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 262
  • View: 1173
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Martin Luther King Jr. is widely viewed as an American civil rights leader who applied principled and situational nonviolence in efforts to eradicate racism, poverty, and violence in the United States in the 1950s and 60s. It is too often forgotten that he was also a self-proclaimed world citizen with a global vision, and that he envisioned the advance of globalization long before most of his contemporaries. This book exposes the global King who united in spirit and practice with other world leaders and representatives of the World Council of Churches to promulgate enduring peace and human community. It brings us to a new appreciation of the global King and explains how he continues to inform our understanding of what it means to live and function in the world house.

Social Class, Social Action, and Education

Social Class, Social Action, and Education

The Failure of Progressive Democracy

  • Author: A. Schutz
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230113575
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 269
  • View: 5557
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Schutz demonstrates that progressive ideas of democracy emerged out of the practices of a new middle class, reacting, in part, against the more conflictive social struggles of the working-class. The volume traces two distinct branches of democratic progressivism: collaborative and personalist.

New Directions in Civil Rights Studies

New Directions in Civil Rights Studies

  • Author: Armstead L. Robinson,Patricia Sullivan
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press
  • ISBN: 9780813913193
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 2325
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By reassessing the history of the civil rights movement and examining questions and areas of research that need to be addressed by future studies, New Directions in Civil Rights Studies challenges students of the civil rights movement to broaden their vision and, at the same time, to look more closely at the people, the communities, and the networks that provide the rich texture of the movement's history.

Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement

Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement

  • Author: John A. Kirk
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317607317
  • Category: History
  • Page: 204
  • View: 8346
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Martin Luther King, Jr is one of the iconic figures of 20th century history, and one of the most influential and important in the American Civil Rights Movement; John Kirk here presents the life of Martin Luther King in the context of that movement, placing him at the center of the Afro-American fight for equality and recognition. This book combines the insights from two fields of study, seeking to combine the top down; national federal policy-oriented approach to the movement with the bottom up, local grassroots activism approach to demonstrate how these different levels of activism intersect and interact with each other.

The Moderates' Dilemma

The Moderates' Dilemma

Massive Resistance to School Desegregation in Virginia

  • Author: Matthew D. Lassiter
  • Publisher: University of Virginia Press
  • ISBN: 9780813918174
  • Category: History
  • Page: 251
  • View: 3043
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In 1958, facing court-ordered integration, Virginia governor J. Lindsay Almond Jr. closed public schools in three cities, one of the first instances of the "massive resistance" embraced by conservative southern politicians in the wake of Brown v. Board of Education. This action provoked not only the NAACP but also large numbers of white middle-class Virginians who quickly organized to protest the school closings. Confronted with the dilemma of accepting desegregation or the ruination of public education, these white moderates finally coalesced into a formidable political coalition that defeated the massive resistance forces in 1959. September 1998 marks the fortieth anniversary of the public school closings. In The Moderates' Dilemma, Matthew D. Lassiter and Andrew B. Lewis have compiled six essays that explore this contentious period in Virginia history. The moderate revolt against massive resistance helped to save public schools and reshaped the political balance of power in the state, the editors argue, but it also delayed substantial school desegregation, as moderate Virginians became reconciled to the end of Jim Crow out of self-interest rather than a deep commitment to the need for equal education opportunity for all.

The Struggle for Black Equality

The Struggle for Black Equality

  • Author: Harvard Sitkoff
  • Publisher: Hill and Wang
  • ISBN: 1429991917
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 6152
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The Struggle for Black Equality is a dramatic, memorable history of the civil rights movement. Harvard Sitkoff offers both a brilliant interpretation of the personalities and dynamics of civil rights organizations and a compelling analysis of the continuing problems plaguing many African Americans. With a new foreword and afterword, and an up-to-date bibliography, this anniversary edition highlights the continuing significance of the movement for black equality and justice.

Shapers of the Great Debate on the Great Society

Shapers of the Great Debate on the Great Society

A Biographical Dictionary

  • Author: Lawson Bowling
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313314346
  • Category: History
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7961
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Presents profiles on key figures associated with the Great Society, including Lyndon Johnson, Joseph Califano, Sargent Schriver, William F. Buckley, Jr., Strom Thurmond, and Edith Green.

The Black Power Movement

The Black Power Movement

Rethinking the Civil Rights-Black Power Era

  • Author: Peniel E. Joseph
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136773479
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 3445
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The Black Power Movement remains an enigma. Often misunderstood and ill-defined, this radical movement is now beginning to receive sustained and serious scholarly attention. Peniel Joseph has collected the freshest and most impressive list of contributors around to write original essays on the Black Power Movement. Taken together they provide a critical and much needed historical overview of the Black Power era. Offering important examples of undocumented histories of black liberation, this volume offers both powerful and poignant examples of 'Black Power Studies' scholarship.

A Different Vision

A Different Vision

African American Economic Thought

  • Author: Thomas D Boston
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134798598
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 336
  • View: 7476
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First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Black Citizenship and Authenticity in the Civil Rights Movement

Black Citizenship and Authenticity in the Civil Rights Movement

  • Author: Randolph Hohle
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136739874
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 188
  • View: 3892
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This book explains the emergence of two competing forms of black political representation that transformed the objectives and meanings of local action, created boundaries between national and local struggles for racial equality, and prompted a white response to the civil rights movement that set the stage for the neoliberal turn in US policy. Randolph Hohle questions some of the most basic assumptions about the civil rights movement, including the importance of non-violence, and the movement’s legacy on contemporary black politics. Non-violence was the effect of the movement’s emphasis on racially non-threatening good black citizens that, when contrasted to bad white responses of southern whites, severed the relationship between whiteness and good citizenship. Although the civil rights movement secured new legislative gains and influenced all subsequent social movements, pressure to be good black citizens and the subsequent marginalization of black authenticity have internally polarized and paralyzed contemporary black struggles. This book is the first systematic analysis of the civil rights movement that considers the importance of authenticity, the body, and ethics in political struggles. It bridges the gap between the study of race, politics, and social movement studies.

Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement

Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement

  • Author: Michael J. Klarman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198042006
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 296
  • View: 3517
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A splendid account of the Supreme Court's rulings on race in the first half of the twentieth century, From Jim Crow To Civil Rights earned rave reviews and won the Bancroft Prize for History in 2005. Now, in this marvelously abridged, paperback edition, Michael J. Klarman has compressed his acclaimed study into tight focus around one major case--Brown v. Board of Education--making the path-breaking arguments of his original work accessible to a broader audience of general readers and students. In this revised and condensed edition, Klarman illuminates the impact of the momentous Brown v. Board of Education ruling. He offers a richer, more complex understanding of this pivotal decision, going behind the scenes to examine the justices' deliberations and reconstruct why they found the case so difficult to decide. He recaps his famous backlash thesis, arguing that Brown was more important for mobilizing southern white opposition to change than for encouraging civil rights protest, and that it was only the resulting violence that transformed northern opinion and led to the landmark legislation of the 1960s. Klarman also sheds light on broader questions such as how judges decide cases; how much they are influenced by legal, political, and personal considerations; the relationship between Supreme Court decisions and social change; and finally, how much Court decisions simply reflect societal values and how much they shape those values. Brown v. Board of Education was one of the most important decisions in the history of the U.S. Supreme Court. Klarman's brilliant analysis of this landmark case illuminates the course of American race relations as it highlights the relationship between law and social reform. Acclaim for From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: "A major achievement. It bestows upon its fortunate readers prodigious research, nuanced judgment, and intellectual independence." --Randall Kennedy, The New Republic "Magisterial." --The New York Review of Books "A sweeping, erudite, and powerfully argued book...unfailingly interesting." --Wilson Quarterly

The Last Segregated Hour

The Last Segregated Hour

The Memphis Kneel-Ins and the Campaign for Southern Church Desegregation

  • Author: Stephen R. Haynes
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199911010
  • Category: History
  • Page: 336
  • View: 8562
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On Palm Sunday 1964, at the Second Presbyterian Church in Memphis, a group of black and white students began a "kneel-in" to protest the church's policy of segregation, a protest that would continue in one form or another for more than a year and eventually force the church to open its doors to black worshippers. In The Last Segregated Hour, Stephen Haynes tells the story of this dramatic yet little studied tactic which was the strategy of choice for bringing attention to segregationist policies in Southern churches. "Kneel-ins" involved surprise visits to targeted churches, usually during Easter season, and often resulted in physical standoffs with resistant church people. The spectacle of kneeling worshippers barred from entering churches made for a powerful image that invited both local and national media attention. The Memphis kneel-ins of 1964-65 were unique in that the protesters included white students from the local Presbyterian college (Southwestern, now Rhodes). And because the protesting students presented themselves in groups that were "mixed" by race and gender, white church members saw the visitations as a hostile provocation and responded with unprecedented efforts to end them. But when Church officials pressured Southwestern president Peyton Rhodes to "call off" his students or risk financial reprisals, he responded that "Southwestern is not for sale." Drawing on a wide range of sources, including extensive interviews with the students who led the kneel-ins, Haynes tells an inspiring story that will appeal not only to scholars of religion and history, but also to pastors and church people concerned about fostering racially diverse congregations.

Ella Baker

Ella Baker

Community Organizer of the Civil Rights Movement

  • Author: J. Todd Moye
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1442215674
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 204
  • View: 4544
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Ella Josephine Baker was among the most influential strategists of the most important social movement in modern US history, the civil rights movement. In this book, historian J. Todd Moye masterfully reconstructs Baker’s life and contribution for a new generation of readers.

The Music Has Gone Out of the Movement

The Music Has Gone Out of the Movement

Civil Rights and the Johnson Administration, 1965-1968

  • Author: David C. Carter
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469606577
  • Category: History
  • Page: 384
  • View: 8802
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After the passage of sweeping civil rights and voting rights legislation in 1964 and 1965, the civil rights movement stood poised to build on considerable momentum. In a famous speech at Howard University in 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson declared that victory in the next battle for civil rights would be measured in "equal results" rather than equal rights and opportunities. It seemed that for a brief moment the White House and champions of racial equality shared the same objectives and priorities. Finding common ground proved elusive, however, in a climate of growing social and political unrest marked by urban riots, the Vietnam War, and resurgent conservatism. Examining grassroots movements and organizations and their complicated relationships with the federal government and state authorities between 1965 and 1968, David C. Carter takes readers through the inner workings of local civil rights coalitions as they tried to maintain strength within their organizations while facing both overt and subtle opposition from state and federal officials. He also highlights internal debates and divisions within the White House and the executive branch, demonstrating that the federal government's relationship to the movement and its major goals was never as clear-cut as the president's progressive rhetoric suggested. Carter reveals the complex and often tense relationships between the Johnson administration and activist groups advocating further social change, and he extends the traditional timeline of the civil rights movement beyond the passage of the Voting Rights Act.