Search Results for "trade-and-institutions-in-the-medieval-mediterranean"

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

The Geniza Merchants and Their Business World

  • Author: Jessica Goldberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107005477
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 426
  • View: 2539
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Reconstructs the business world of the eleventh-century Geniza merchants and, in doing so, rewrites medieval Islamic and Mediterranean economic history.

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

The Geniza Merchants and their Business World

  • Author: Jessica L. Goldberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139560468
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9372
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The Geniza merchants of the eleventh-century Mediterranean - sometimes called the 'Maghribi traders' - are central to controversies about the origins of long-term economic growth and the institutional bases of trade. In this book, Jessica Goldberg reconstructs the business world of the Geniza merchants, maps the shifting geographic relationships of the medieval Islamic economy and sheds new light on debates about the institutional framework for later European dominance. Commercial letters, business accounts and courtroom testimony bring to life how these medieval traders used personal gossip and legal mechanisms to manage far-flung agents, switched business strategies to manage political risks and asserted different parts of their fluid identities to gain advantage in the multicultural medieval trading world. This book paints a vivid picture of the everyday life of Jewish merchants in Islamic societies and adds new depth to debates about medieval trading institutions with unique quantitative analyses and innovative approaches.

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

The Geniza Merchants and their Business World

  • Author: Jessica L. Goldberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781107519299
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 450
  • View: 755
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The Geniza merchants of the eleventh-century Mediterranean - sometimes called the 'Maghribi traders' - are central to controversies about the origins of long-term economic growth and the institutional bases of trade. In this book, Jessica Goldberg reconstructs the business world of the Geniza merchants, maps the shifting geographic relationships of the medieval Islamic economy and sheds new light on debates about the institutional framework for later European dominance. Commercial letters, business accounts and courtroom testimony bring to life how these medieval traders used personal gossip and legal mechanisms to manage far-flung agents, switched business strategies to manage political risks and asserted different parts of their fluid identities to gain advantage in the multicultural medieval trading world. This book paints a vivid picture of the everyday life of Jewish merchants in Islamic societies and adds new depth to debates about medieval trading institutions with unique quantitative analyses and innovative approaches.

Mendicants and Merchants in the Medieval Mediterranean

Mendicants and Merchants in the Medieval Mediterranean

  • Author: Taryn E. L. Chubb
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
  • ISBN: 9789004249769
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 149
  • View: 3135
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Mendicants and Merchants in the Medieval Mediterranean, edited by Chubb and Kelley, offers an interdisciplinary study of the mutually beneficial relationships that developed between merchants and the mendicant orders during the late Middle Ages.

Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean World

Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean World

Lodging, Trade, and Travel in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

  • Author: Olivia Remie Constable
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139449687
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2939
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The Greek pandocheion, Arabic funduq, and Latin fundicum (fondaco) were ubiquitous in the Mediterranean sphere for nearly two millennia. These institutions were not only hostelries for traders and travelers, but also taverns, markets, warehouses, and sites for commercial taxation and regulation. In this highly original study, Professor Constable traces the complex evolution of this family of institutions from the pandocheion in Late Antiquity, to the appearance of the funduq throughout the Muslim Mediterranean following the rise of Islam. By the twelfth century, with the arrival of European merchants in Islamic markets, the funduq evolved into the fondaco. These merchant colonies facilitated trade and travel between Muslim and Christian regions. Before long, fondacos also appeared in southern European cities. This study of the diffusion of this institutional family demonstrates common economic interests and cross-cultural communications across the medieval Mediterranean world, and provides a striking contribution to our understanding of this region.

Institutions and the Path to the Modern Economy

Institutions and the Path to the Modern Economy

Lessons from Medieval Trade

  • Author: Avner Greif
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521480444
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 503
  • View: 4781
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This 2006 book presents a unifying concept of the term institution.

Medieval Cities

Medieval Cities

Their Origins and the Revival of Trade

  • Author: Henri Pirenne
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691007601
  • Category: History
  • Page: 185
  • View: 9861
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Describes the economic life of medieval cities, emphasizing the role of the middle class in developing commerce and municipal institutions

Aden and the Indian Ocean Trade

Aden and the Indian Ocean Trade

150 Years in the Life of a Medieval Arabian Port

  • Author: Roxani Eleni Margariti
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469606712
  • Category: History
  • Page: 360
  • View: 1235
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Positioned at the crossroads of the maritime routes linking the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the Yemeni port of Aden grew to be one of the medieval world's greatest commercial hubs. Approaching Aden's history between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries through the prism of overseas trade and commercial culture, Roxani Eleni Margariti examines the ways in which physical space and urban institutions developed to serve and harness the commercial potential presented by the city's strategic location. Utilizing historical and archaeological methods, Margariti draws together a rich variety of sources far beyond the normative and relatively accessible legal rulings issued by Islamic courts of the time. She explores environmental, material, and textual data, including merchants' testimonies from the medieval documentary repository known as the Cairo Geniza. Her analysis brings the port city to life, detailing its fortifications, water supply, harbor, customs house, marketplaces, and ship-building facilities. She also provides a broader picture of the history of the city and the ways merchants and administrators regulated and fostered trade. Margariti ultimately demonstrates how port cities, as nodes of exchange, communication, and interconnectedness, are crucial in Indian Ocean and Middle Eastern history as well as Islamic and Jewish history.

Medieval Trade in the Mediterranean World

Medieval Trade in the Mediterranean World

Illustrative Documents

  • Author: Robert Sabatino Lopez,Irving Woodworth Raymond,Olivia Remie Constable
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780231123570
  • Category: History
  • Page: 472
  • View: 6591
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This collection of merchant documents is essential reading for any student of economic developments in the Middle Ages who wishes to go beyond the level of textbook summaries. Different aspects of economic life in the Mediterranean world are delineated in the light of a rich variety of articles and other contemporary writings, drawn from Muslim and Christian sources. From commercial contracts, promissory notes, and judicial acts to working manuals of practical geography and philology, this volume of documents provides an unparalleled portrait of the world of medieval commerce.

Studies in Islamic History and Institutions

Studies in Islamic History and Institutions

  • Author: Shelomo Dov Goitein
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004179313
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 391
  • View: 8943
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Goitein s selection of studies dealing with Islamic institutions and social history offers a general introduction to Islamic civilization by one who lived all his life with Islam. His fruit of specialized research gives a rounded view of important aspects of Islamic civilization and provides the student with an opportunity to acquaint himself not only with the results of research, but also with the methods by which they were obtained. With a new foreword by Norman A. Stillman

Southern Italy in the Late Middle Ages

Southern Italy in the Late Middle Ages

Demographic, Institutional and Economic Change in the Kingdom of Naples, C.1440-c.1530

  • Author: Eleni Sakellariou
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004224068
  • Category: History
  • Page: 574
  • View: 9428
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This book combines economic history and theory to offer a positive reappraisal of the interaction between demographic forces, urbanization, commercialisation and the role of the state, and their impact on the late medieval economy of the kingdom of Naples.

Diverging Paths?

Diverging Paths?

The Shapes of Power and Institutions in Medieval Christendom and Islam

  • Author: John Hudson
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
  • ISBN: 9789004277366
  • Category: History
  • Page: 435
  • View: 1116
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This book investigates an important question, to which the answers must be very complex: “why did certain sorts of institutionalisation and institutional continuity characterise government and society in Christendom by the later Middle Ages, but not the Islamic world, whereas the reverse end-point might have been predicted from the early medieval situation?” This core question lies within classic historiographical debates, to which the essays in the volume, written by leading medievalists, make significant contributions. The papers, drawing on a wide range of evidence and methodologies, span the middle ages, chronologically and geographically. At the same time, the core question relates to matters of strong contemporary interest, notably the perceived characteristics of power exercised within Islamic Middle Eastern regimes.

Where Three Worlds Met

Where Three Worlds Met

Sicily in the Early Medieval Mediterranean

  • Author: Sarah Davis-Secord
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501712586
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 316
  • View: 2573
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Sicily is a lush and culturally rich island at the center of the Mediterranean Sea. Throughout its history, the island has been conquered and colonized by successive waves of peoples from across the Mediterranean region. In the early and central Middle Ages, the island was ruled and occupied in turn by Greek Christians, Muslims, and Latin Christians. In Where Three Worlds Met, Sarah Davis-Secord investigates Sicily's place within the religious, diplomatic, military, commercial, and intellectual networks of the Mediterranean by tracing the patterns of travel, trade, and communication among Christians (Latin and Greek), Muslims, and Jews. By looking at the island across this long expanse of time and during the periods of transition from one dominant culture to another, Davis-Secord uncovers the patterns that defined and redefined the broader Muslim-Christian encounter in the Middle Ages. Sicily was a nexus for cross-cultural communication not because of its geographical placement at the center of the Mediterranean but because of the specific roles the island played in a variety of travel and trade networks in the Mediterranean region. Complex combinations of political, cultural, and economic need transformed Sicily’s patterns of connection to other nearby regions—transformations that were representative of the fundamental shifts that took place in the larger Mediterranean system during the Middle Ages. The meanings and functions of Sicily’s positioning within these larger Mediterranean communications networks depended on the purposes to which the island was being put and how it functioned at the boundaries of the Greek, Latin, and Muslim worlds.

Women, Wealth, and Community in Perpignan, c. 1250–1300

Women, Wealth, and Community in Perpignan, c. 1250–1300

Christians, Jews, and Enslaved Muslims in a Medieval Mediterranean Town

  • Author: Rebecca Lynn Winer
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351871366
  • Category: History
  • Page: 276
  • View: 5137
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Women, Wealth, and Community in Perpignan, c. 1250-1300 investigates the gender system at work in medieval Perpignan. Using a series of notarial registers - unique as surviving records for the social history of the thirteenth-century realms of Aragon and Majorca, the political confederations to which this town belonged - Rebecca L. Winer opens a window onto the experiences of women and their families. Her interpretive framework reveals medieval assumptions about the distinct natures of Christian, Jewish, and enslaved Muslim women by analyzing which actions were curbed, controlled, or fostered in these different groups. Sensitive to questions of social rank and marital status, the book departs from traditional women's history by asking how a woman's religious identity factored in determining her economic and legal options in this society. As a frontier town, Perpignan lends itself well to an analysis of relations among Christians, Jews and Muslim slaves. The later thirteenth century also provides an ideal focus for this inquiry since the politics of Christian expansion and the economics of the western Mediterranean meant that Jewish communities flourished. In contrast, Christian/Muslim relations unfolded particularly tensely due to intermittent conflict and both groups' slave trade almost exclusively in each other's people. Winer reconstructs how the members of these three communities negotiated shared space, conducting all manner of exchanges, making (endogamous) marriages, wills, commercial contracts, and arranging for the care of children whose fathers were lost to war or disease. The first section of the book focuses on women's legal status, work and control of financial resources in the two dominant communities, Christian and Jewish, across the social spectrum. It goes on to compare the ways in which mothers' relationships to their children were understood in the Christian and Jewish communities. The book concludes by entering the homes of Christian

Medicine and Pharmacy in Byzantine Hospitals

Medicine and Pharmacy in Byzantine Hospitals

A study of the extant formularies

  • Author: David Bennett
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317010744
  • Category: History
  • Page: 266
  • View: 5145
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Scholars have made conflicting claims for Byzantine hospitals as medical institutions and as the forebears of the modern hospital. In this study is the first systematic examination of the evidence of the xenôn texts, or Xenonika, on which all such claims must in part rest. These texts, compiled broadly between the ninth and thirteenth centuries, are also transcribed or edited, with the exception of the combined texts of Romanos and Theophilos that, the study proposes, were originally a single manual and teaching work for doctors, probably based on xenôn practice. A schema of their combined chapter headings sets out the unified structure of this text. A short handlist briefly describes the principal manuscripts referred to throughout the study. The introduction briefly examines our evidence for the xenônes from the early centuries of the East Roman Empire to the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Chapter 3 examines the texts in xenon medical practice and compares them to some other medical manuals and remedy texts of the Late period and to their structures. The xenôn-ascribed texts are discussed one by one in chapters 4–8; the concluding chapter 9 draw together the common, as well as the divergent, aspects of each text and looks to the comparative evidence for hospital medical practice of the time in the West.

Things that Travelled

Things that Travelled

Mediterranean Glass in the First Millennium AD

  • Author: Daniela Rosenow,Matt Phelps,Andrew Meek,Ian Freestone
  • Publisher: UCL Press
  • ISBN: 1787351173
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 362
  • View: 6784
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Recent research has demonstrated that, in the Roman, Late Antique, Early Islamic and Medieval worlds, glass was traded over long distances, from the Eastern Mediterranean, mainly Egypt and Israel, to Northern Africa, the Western Mediterranean and Northern Europe. Things that Travelled, a collaboration between the UCL Early Glass Technology Research Network, the Association for the History of Glass and the British Museum, aims to build on this knowledge. Covering all aspects of glass production, technology, distribution and trade in Roman, Byzantine and Early Medieval/Early Islamic times, including studies from Britain, Egypt, Cyprus, Italy and many others, the volume combines the strengths of the sciences and cultural studies to offer a new approach to research on ancient glass. By bringing together such a varied mix of contributors, specialising in a range of geographical areas and chronological time frames, this volume also offers a valuable contribution to broader discussions on glass within political, economic, cultural and historical arenas.

Cities of Commerce

Cities of Commerce

The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

  • Author: Oscar Gelderblom
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400848598
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 312
  • View: 4386
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Cities of Commerce develops a model of institutional change in European commerce based on urban rivalry. Cities continuously competed with each other by adapting commercial, legal, and financial institutions to the evolving needs of merchants. Oscar Gelderblom traces the successive rise of Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam to commercial primacy between 1250 and 1650, showing how dominant cities feared being displaced by challengers while lesser cities sought to keep up by cultivating policies favorable to trade. He argues that it was this competitive urban network that promoted open-access institutions in the Low Countries, and emphasizes the central role played by the urban power holders--the magistrates--in fostering these inclusive institutional arrangements. Gelderblom describes how the city fathers resisted the predatory or reckless actions of their territorial rulers, and how their nonrestrictive approach to commercial life succeeded in attracting merchants from all over Europe. Cities of Commerce intervenes in an important debate on the growth of trade in Europe before the Industrial Revolution. Challenging influential theories that attribute this commercial expansion to the political strength of merchants, this book demonstrates how urban rivalry fostered the creation of open-access institutions in international trade.

Women's Networks in Medieval France

Women's Networks in Medieval France

Gender and Community in Montpellier, 1300-1350

  • Author: Kathryn Reyerson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319389424
  • Category: History
  • Page: 257
  • View: 7536
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This book illuminates the connections and interaction among women and between women and men during the medieval period. To do this, Kathryn L. Reyerson focuses specifically on the experiences of Agnes de Bossones, widow of a changer of the mercantile elite of Montpellier. Agnes was a real estate mogul and a patron of philanthropic institutions that permitted lower strata women to survive and thrive in a mature urban economy of the period before 1350. Notably, Montpellier was a large urban center in southern France. Linkages stretched horizontally and vertically in this robust urban environment, mitigating the restrictions of patriarchy and the constraints of gender. Using the story of Agnes de Bossones as a vehicle to larger discussions about gender, this book highlights the undeniable impact that networks had on women’s mobility and navigation within a restrictive medieval society.

Trading Conflicts

Trading Conflicts

Venetian Merchants and Mamluk Officials in Late Medieval Alexandria

  • Author: Georg Christ
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004221999
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 365
  • View: 4206
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Based on Mamluk and Venetian sources, this book offers a thorough analysis of the various conflicts arising around Levant trade. It demonstrates how these conflicts more often than not cut across cultural divides in Late Medieval Mamluk Alexandria.

Slavery in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia

Slavery in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia

  • Author: William D. Phillips
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 0812244915
  • Category: History
  • Page: 257
  • View: 3926
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Slavery in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia provides a sweeping survey of the many forms of bound labor in Iberia from ancient times to the decline of slavery in the eighteenth century.