Search Results for "trade-and-institutions-in-the-medieval-mediterranean"

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

The Geniza Merchants and Their Business World

  • Author: Jessica Goldberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107005477
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 426
  • View: 3064
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Reconstructs the business world of the eleventh-century Geniza merchants and, in doing so, rewrites medieval Islamic and Mediterranean economic history.

Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean World

Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean World

Lodging, Trade, and Travel in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

  • Author: Olivia Remie Constable
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9781139449687
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1648
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The Greek pandocheion, Arabic funduq, and Latin fundicum (fondaco) were ubiquitous in the Mediterranean sphere for nearly two millennia. These institutions were not only hostelries for traders and travelers, but also taverns, markets, warehouses, and sites for commercial taxation and regulation. In this highly original study, Professor Constable traces the complex evolution of this family of institutions from the pandocheion in Late Antiquity, to the appearance of the funduq throughout the Muslim Mediterranean following the rise of Islam. By the twelfth century, with the arrival of European merchants in Islamic markets, the funduq evolved into the fondaco. These merchant colonies facilitated trade and travel between Muslim and Christian regions. Before long, fondacos also appeared in southern European cities. This study of the diffusion of this institutional family demonstrates common economic interests and cross-cultural communications across the medieval Mediterranean world, and provides a striking contribution to our understanding of this region.

The Entrepreneur in History

The Entrepreneur in History

From Medieval Merchant to Modern Business Leader

  • Author: M. Casson
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137305827
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 139
  • View: 6528
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Covering the period c.1200-c.2000, this book provides an innovative investigation of entrepreneurship in a long-run historical perspective, presenting new insights into the personal characteristics of successful business people and deepening our understanding of the roots of industrialization and economic growth.

Shipping, Trade and Crusade in the Medieval Mediterranean

Shipping, Trade and Crusade in the Medieval Mediterranean

Studies in Honour of John Pryor

  • Author: Dr Ruthy Gertwagen,Professor Elizabeth Jeffreys
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409483126
  • Category: History
  • Page: 444
  • View: 1564
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The cutting-edge papers in this collection reflect the wide areas to which John Pryor has made significant contributions in the course of his scholarly career. They are written by some of the world's most distinguished practitioners in the fields of Crusading history and the maritime history of the medieval Mediterranean. His colleagues, students and friends discuss questions including ship construction in the fourth and fifteenth centuries, navigation and harbourage in the eastern Mediterranean, trade in Fatimid Egypt and along the Iberian Peninsula, military and social issues arising among the crusaders during field campaigns, and wider aspects of medieval warfare. All those with an interest in any of these subjects, whether students or specialists, will need to consult this book.

Arabische Geschäftsbriefe des 10. bis 14. Jahrhunderts aus der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek in Wien

Arabische Geschäftsbriefe des 10. bis 14. Jahrhunderts aus der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek in Wien

  • Author: Werner Diem
  • Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783447034807
  • Category: Arabic letters
  • Page: 518
  • View: 4315
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Intercultural Contacts in the Medieval Mediterranean

Intercultural Contacts in the Medieval Mediterranean

Studies in Honour of David Jacoby

  • Author: Benjamin Arbel
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135781958
  • Category: History
  • Page: 352
  • View: 4452
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These essays by medievalists touch upon many aspects of intercultural links in the medieval Mediterranean, covering not only strictly cultural and religious contacts, but also political, military, ethnic, social institutional, scientific and technological relationships.

Studies in Islamic History and Institutions

Studies in Islamic History and Institutions

  • Author: Šelomo D. Goyṭayn
  • Publisher: Brill Archive
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Arab countries
  • Page: 391
  • View: 6571
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Medieval Cities

Medieval Cities

Their Origins and the Revival of Trade

  • Author: Henri Pirenne,Jean Henri Otto Lucien Marie Pirenne
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691007601
  • Category: History
  • Page: 249
  • View: 7559
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Describes the economic life of medieval cities, emphasizing the role of the middle class in developing commerce and municipal institutions

Studies in Islamic History and Institutions

Studies in Islamic History and Institutions

  • Author: Shelomo Dov Goitein
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004179313
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 391
  • View: 2919
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Goitein s selection of studies dealing with Islamic institutions and social history offers a general introduction to Islamic civilization by one who lived all his life with Islam. His fruit of specialized research gives a rounded view of important aspects of Islamic civilization and provides the student with an opportunity to acquaint himself not only with the results of research, but also with the methods by which they were obtained. With a new foreword by Norman A. Stillman

Mendicants and Merchants in the Medieval Mediterranean

Mendicants and Merchants in the Medieval Mediterranean

  • Author: Taryn E. L. Chubb
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
  • ISBN: 9789004249769
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 149
  • View: 8266
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Mendicants and Merchants in the Medieval Mediterranean, edited by Chubb and Kelley, offers an interdisciplinary study of the mutually beneficial relationships that developed between merchants and the mendicant orders during the late Middle Ages.

History in the Comic Mode

History in the Comic Mode

Medieval Communities and the Matter of Person

  • Author: Rachel Fulton Brown,Bruce W. Holsinger
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231508476
  • Category: History
  • Page: 408
  • View: 4084
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In this groundbreaking collection, twenty-one prominent medievalists discuss continuity and change in ideas of personhood and community and argue for the viability of the comic mode in the study and recovery of history. These scholars approach their sources not from a particular ideological viewpoint but with an understanding that all topics, questions, and explanations are viable. They draw on a variety of sources in Latin, Arabic, French, German, Middle English, and more, and employ a range of theories and methodologies, always keeping in mind that environments are inseparable from the making of the people who inhabit them and that these people are in part constituted by and understood in terms of their communities. Essays feature close readings of both familiar and lesser known materials, offering provocative interpretations of John of Rupescissa's alchemy; the relationship between the living and the saintly dead in Bernard of Clairvaux's sermons; the nomenclature of heresy in the early eleventh century; the apocalyptic visions of Robert of Uzès; Machiavelli's De principatibus; the role of "demotic religiosity" in economic development; and the visions of Elizabeth of Schönau. Contributors write as historians of religion, art, literature, culture, and society, approaching their subjects through the particular and the singular rather than through the thematic and the theoretical. Playing with the wild possibilities of the historical fragments at their disposal, the scholars in this collection advance a new and exciting approach to writing medieval history.

Aden and the Indian Ocean Trade

Aden and the Indian Ocean Trade

150 Years in the Life of a Medieval Arabian Port

  • Author: Roxani Eleni Margariti
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 1469606712
  • Category: History
  • Page: 360
  • View: 6642
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Positioned at the crossroads of the maritime routes linking the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the Yemeni port of Aden grew to be one of the medieval world's greatest commercial hubs. Approaching Aden's history between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries through the prism of overseas trade and commercial culture, Roxani Eleni Margariti examines the ways in which physical space and urban institutions developed to serve and harness the commercial potential presented by the city's strategic location. Utilizing historical and archaeological methods, Margariti draws together a rich variety of sources far beyond the normative and relatively accessible legal rulings issued by Islamic courts of the time. She explores environmental, material, and textual data, including merchants' testimonies from the medieval documentary repository known as the Cairo Geniza. Her analysis brings the port city to life, detailing its fortifications, water supply, harbor, customs house, marketplaces, and ship-building facilities. She also provides a broader picture of the history of the city and the ways merchants and administrators regulated and fostered trade. Margariti ultimately demonstrates how port cities, as nodes of exchange, communication, and interconnectedness, are crucial in Indian Ocean and Middle Eastern history as well as Islamic and Jewish history.

Iberia and the Mediterranean World of the Middle Ages

Iberia and the Mediterranean World of the Middle Ages

Studies in Honor of Robert I. Burns, S.J.

  • Author: Larry J. Simon,Paul Edward Chevedden,Robert Ignatius Burns,Donald Joseph Kagay,Paul G. Padilla
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9789004105737
  • Category: History
  • Page: 464
  • View: 3661
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This series of essays, dedicated to the work and career of Father Robert I. Burns, S.J., treats the complex relationship of Spain to the Western Mediterranean and Atlantic on the eve of Spain's ascent as a world power.

Religion and Trade

Religion and Trade

Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900

  • Author: Francesca Trivellato,Leor Halevi,Catia Antunes
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199379211
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 1578
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Although trade connects distant people and regions, bringing cultures closer together through the exchange of material goods and ideas, it has not always led to unity and harmony. From the era of the Crusades to the dawn of colonialism, exploitation and violence characterized many trading ventures, which required vessels and convoys to overcome tremendous technological obstacles and merchants to grapple with strange customs and manners in a foreign environment. Yet despite all odds, experienced traders and licensed brokers, as well as ordinary people, travelers, pilgrims, missionaries, and interlopers across the globe, concocted ways of bartering, securing credit, and establishing relationships with people who did not speak their language, wore different garb, and worshipped other gods. Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900 focuses on trade across religious boundaries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during the second millennium. Written by an international team of scholars, the essays in this volume examine a wide range of commercial exchanges, from first encounters between strangers from different continents to everyday transactions between merchants who lived in the same city yet belonged to diverse groups. In order to broach the intriguing yet surprisingly neglected subject of how the relationship between trade and religion developed historically, the authors consider a number of interrelated questions: When and where was religion invoked explicitly as part of commercial policies? How did religious norms affect the everyday conduct of trade? Why did economic imperatives, political goals, and legal institutions help sustain commercial exchanges across religious barriers in different times and places? When did trade between religious groups give way to more tolerant views of "the other" and when, by contrast, did it coexist with hostile images of those decried as "infidels"? Exploring captivating examples from across the world and spanning the course of the second millennium, this groundbreaking volume sheds light on the political, economic, and juridical underpinnings of cross-cultural trade as it emerged or developed at various times and places, and reflects on the cultural and religious significance of the passage of strange persons and exotic objects across the many frontiers that separated humankind in medieval and early modern times.

Die deutsche Einwanderung nach Florenz im Spätmittelalter

Die deutsche Einwanderung nach Florenz im Spätmittelalter

  • Author: Lorenz Böninger
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 412
  • View: 629
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Der Band behandelt die Geschichte der aus dem gesamten mitteleuropaischen Raum stammenden Einwanderer in das Florenz des Spatmittelalters (ca. 1350-1500). Anhand einer Vielzahl von Quellen (vor allem der Bruderschaftsmatrikeln, aber auch der fiskalischen und notariellen Uberlieferung) wird gezeigt, dab dieses Phanomen weitaus wichtiger war als bisher angenommen. Nicht nur aus dem niederrheinisch-niederlandischen Bereich stammende Weber, sondern auch suddeutsche Schuster, sowie andere deutsche Handwerker und Kunstler arbeiteten in der Stadt in einem fruchtbaren kulturellen Austausch. Anhand des Beispiels des aus Nurnberg stammenden Ubersetzers von Boccaccios 'Decamerone' (des sog. 'Arigo') wird gezeigt, wie das nach 1480 entstehende neue Klima auch die beruflichen Moglichkeiten veranderte, trat dieser doch nunmehr unter dem Namen Henricus Martellus' vor allem als Zeichner detaillierter geographischer Karten hervor.

Byzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World

Byzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World

  • Author: Youval Rotman,Jane Marie Todd
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674036116
  • Category: History
  • Page: 307
  • View: 6255
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Looking at the Byzantine concept of slavery within the context of law, the labour market, medieval politics, and religion, the author illustrates how these contexts both reshaped and sustained the slave market.

The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

  • Author: Judith M. Bennett,Ruth Mazo Karras
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191667307
  • Category: History
  • Page: 642
  • View: 8131
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The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe provides a comprehensive overview of the gender rules encountered in Europe in the period between approximately 500 and 1500 C.E. The essays collected in this volume speak to interpretative challenges common to all fields of women's and gender history - that is, how best to uncover the experiences of ordinary people from archives formed mainly by and about elite males, and how to combine social histories of lived experiences with cultural histories of gendered discourses and identities. The collection focuses on Western Europe in the Middle Ages but offers some consideration of medieval Islam and Byzantium. The Handbook is structured into seven sections: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim thought; law in theory and practice; domestic life and material culture; labour, land, and economy; bodies and sexualities; gender and holiness; and the interplay of continuity and change throughout the medieval period. It contains material from some of the foremost scholars in this field, and it not only serves as the major reference text in medieval and gender studies, but also provides an agenda for future new research.

East-West trade in the medieval Mediterranean

East-West trade in the medieval Mediterranean

  • Author: Eliyahu Ashtor,B. Z. Ḳedar
  • Publisher: Variorum
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 344
  • View: 5605
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Institutions and European Trade

Institutions and European Trade

Merchant Guilds, 1000–1800

  • Author: Sheilagh Ogilvie
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139500392
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6901
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What was the role of merchant guilds in the medieval and early modern economy? Does their wide prevalence and long survival mean they were efficient institutions that benefited the whole economy? Or did merchant guilds simply offer an effective way for the rich and powerful to increase their wealth, at the expense of outsiders, customers and society as a whole? These privileged associations of businessmen were key institutions in the European economy from 1000 to 1800. Historians debate merchant guilds' role in the Commercial Revolution, economists use them to support theories about institutions and development, and policymakers view them as prime examples of social capital, with important lessons for modern economies. Sheilagh Ogilvie's magisterial new history of commercial institutions shows how scrutinizing merchant guilds can help us understand which types of institution made trade grow, why institutions exist, and how corporate privileges affect economic efficiency and human well-being.

The Medieval Way of War

The Medieval Way of War

Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach

  • Author: Gregory I. Halfond
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 147241960X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 348
  • View: 1902
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Few historians have argued so forcefully or persuasively as Bernard S. Bachrach for the study of warfare as not only worthy of scholarly attention, but demanding of it. In his many publications Bachrach has established unequivocally the relevance of military institutions and activity for an understanding of medieval European societies, polities, and mentalities. In so doing, as much as any scholar of his generation, he has helped to define the status quaestionis for the field of medieval military history. The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach pays tribute to its honoree by gathering in a single volume seventeen original studies from an international roster of leading experts in the military history of medieval Europe. Ranging chronologically from Late Antiquity through the Later Middle Ages (ca. AD 300-1500), and with a broad geographical scope stretching from the British Isles to the Middle East, these diverse studies address an array of critical themes and debates relevant to the conduct of war in medieval Europe. These themes include the formation and implementation of military grand strategies; the fiscal, material, and administrative resources that underpinned the conduct of war in medieval Europe; and religious, legal, and artistic responses to military violence. Collectively, these seventeen studies embrace the interdisciplinarity and topical diversity intrinsic to Bachrach’s research. Additionally, they strongly echo his conviction that the study of armed conflict is indispensable for an accurate and comprehensive understanding of medieval European history.