Search Results for "translation-and-public-policy"

Translation and Public Policy

Translation and Public Policy

Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Case Studies

  • Author: Gabriel González Núñez,Reine Meylaerts
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131552175X
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 186
  • View: 5822
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This book brings together an ensemble of leading voices from the fields of economics, language policy, law, political philosophy, and translation studies. They come together to provide theoretical perspectives and practical case studies regarding a shared concern: translation policy. Their timely perspectives and case studies allow for the problematizing and exploration of translation policy, an area that is beginning to come to the attention of scholars. This book offers the first truly interdisciplinary approach to an area of study that is still in its infancy. It thus makes a timely and necessary contribution. As the 21st century marches on, authorities are more and more confronted with the reality of multilingual societies, and the monolingual state polices of yesteryear seem unable to satisfy increasing demands for more just societies. Precisely because of that, language policies of necessity must include choices about the use or non-use of translation at different levels. Thus, translation policy plays a prominent yet often unseen role in multilingual societies. This role is shaped by tensions and compromises that bear on the distribution of resources, choices about language, legal imperatives, and notions of justice. This book aims to inform scholars and policy makers alike regarding these issues.

The Routledge Handbook of Translation and Politics

The Routledge Handbook of Translation and Politics

  • Author: Jonathan Evans,Fruela Fernandez
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131721949X
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 524
  • View: 2113
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The Routledge Handbook of Translation and Politics presents the first comprehensive, state of the art overview of the multiple ways in which ‘politics’ and ‘translation’ interact. Divided into four sections with thirty-three chapters written by a roster of international scholars, this handbook covers the translation of political ideas, the effects of political structures on translation and interpreting, the politics of translation and an array of case studies that range from the Classical Mediterranean to contemporary China. Considering established topics such as censorship, gender, translation under fascism, translators and interpreters at war, as well as emerging topics such as translation and development, the politics of localization, translation and interpreting in democratic movements, and the politics of translating popular music, the handbook offers a global and interdisciplinary introduction to the intersections between translation and interpreting studies and politics. With a substantial introduction and extensive bibliographies, this handbook is an indispensable resource for students and researchers of translation theory, politics and related areas.

Selective Incapacitation and Public Policy

Selective Incapacitation and Public Policy

Evaluating California's Imprisonment Crisis

  • Author: Kathleen Auerhahn
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791457979
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 358
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Using cutting-edge methodologies, this book evaluates California's measures to protect the public from dangerous criminals.

Knowledge Translation in Context

Knowledge Translation in Context

Indigenous, Policy, and Community Settings

  • Author: Bonnie J. Ross Leadbeater,Elizabeth M. Banister,E. Anne Marshall
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442641797
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 211
  • View: 343
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Knowledge Translation in Context is an essential tool for researchers to learn how to be effective partners in the KT process to ensure that diverse communities benefit from academic research results through improved social and health outcomes.

University Leadership and Public Policy in the Twenty-First Century

University Leadership and Public Policy in the Twenty-First Century

A President's Perspective

  • Author: Peter MacKinnon
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442616113
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 190
  • View: 1635
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Drawing on more than a decade of service as president of one of Canada's major research universities, Peter MacKinnon offers an insider's perspective on the challenges involved in bringing students, faculty, and governments together in the pursuit of excellence.

Morality, Leadership, and Public Policy

Morality, Leadership, and Public Policy

On Experimentalism in Ethics

  • Author: Eric Thomas Weber
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1441157468
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 208
  • View: 9887
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In Morality, Leadership, and Public Policy, Eric Weber argues for an experimentalist approach to moral theory in addressing practical problems in public policy. The experimentalist approach begins moral inquiry by examining public problems and then makes use of the tools of philosophy and intelligent inquiry to alleviate them. Part I surveys the uses of practical philosophy and answers criticisms - including religious challenges - of the approach, presenting a number of areas in which philosophers' intellectual efforts can prove valuable for resolving public conflicts. Part II presents a new approach to experimentalism in moral theory, based on the insights of John Dewey's pragmatism. Focusing on the elements of good public inquiry and the experimentalist attitude, Weber discusses ways of thinking about the effective construction and reconstruction of particular problems, including practical problems of public policy prioritization. Finally, in Part III the book examines real-world examples in which the experimentalist approach to ethics proves useful, including instances of "bandwidth theft" and the controversies surrounding activist judges in the US Supreme Court.

Genetics, Health Care and Public Policy

Genetics, Health Care and Public Policy

An Introduction to Public Health Genetics

  • Author: Alison Stewart,Philippa Brice,Hilary Burton,Paul Pharoah,Simon Sanderson,Ron Zimmern
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139463292
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3938
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Genetics, Health Care and Public Policy is an introduction to the new discipline of public health genetics. It brings together the insights of genetic and molecular science as a means of protecting and improving the health of the population. Its scope is wide and requires an understanding of genetics, epidemiology, public health and the principles of ethics, law and the social sciences. This book sets out the basic principles of public health genetics for a wide audience from those providing health care to those involved in establishing policy. The emphasis throughout the text is on providing an accessible introduction to the field. The content moves from the basic concepts, including definitions and history, through chapters on genetics, genetic technology, epidemiology, genetics in medicine, genetics in health services, ethical, legal and social implications, to the implications for health policy. It provides one-stop, introductory coverage of this rapidly developing and multidisciplinary field.

Markets, States, and Public Policy

Markets, States, and Public Policy

Privatization in Britain and France

  • Author: Nikolaos Zahariadis
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472105427
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 229
  • View: 8874
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A theoretical and empirical examination of the move towards privatization

Public Finance and Public Policy

Public Finance and Public Policy

  • Author: Jonathan Gruber
  • Publisher: Macmillan
  • ISBN: 1429219491
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 767
  • View: 7669
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When first published, Gruber's Public Finance and Public Policy brought a refreshingly contemporary approach. It was the first text written from the ground up to reflect current realities of public finance, enhancing its survey of traditional topics with an emphasis on empirical work and coverage of transfer programs and social insurance. The new edition, fully updated with the most recent data and research possible, includes new coverage of the Medicare drug benefit, changes in the tax code, Hurricane Katrina, and the ongoing debate over privatization

American business and public policy

American business and public policy

The politics of foreign trade. With a new prologue

  • Author: Raymond Augustine Bauer,Ithiel De Sola Pool,Lewis Anthony Dexter
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780202364148
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 499
  • View: 5586
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American Business and Public Policy is a study of the politics of foreign trade. It challenges fi fty years of writing on pressure politics. It includes nine hundred interviews with heads of corporations, including 166 of the 200 largest corporations; another 500 interviews with congressmen, lobbyists, journalists, and opinion leaders; and eight community studies making this book the most intensive survey in print of the politics of business. It is a realistic behavioral examination of a major type of economic decision. The authors introduce their study with a history of the tariff as a political issue in American politics and a history of American tariff legislation in the years from Europe's trade recovery under the Marshall Plan to the challenge of the Common Market. They examine in succession the changing attitudes of the general public and the political actions of the business community, the lobbies, and Congress. American Business and Public Policy is a contribution to social theory in several of its branches. It is a contribution to understanding the business community, to the social psychology of communication and attitude change, to the study of political behavior in foreign policy. American Business and Public Policy is at once a study of a classic issue in American politics-the tariff; decision-making, particularly the relation of economic to social-psychological theories of behavior; business communication- what businessmen read about world affairs, what effect foreign travel has on them, where they turn for political advice, and how they seek political help; pressure politics, lobbying, and the Congressional process

Crime and Public Policy

Crime and Public Policy

  • Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199315043
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 656
  • View: 2556
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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Kentucky Government, Politics, and Public Policy

Kentucky Government, Politics, and Public Policy

  • Author: James C. Clinger,Michael W. Hail
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • ISBN: 0813143179
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 544
  • View: 2413
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The cornerstone of the American republic is an educated, active, and engaged citizenry; however, the multifaceted inner workings of government and the political forces that shape it are incredibly complex. Kentucky Government, Politics, and Public Policy is the first book in nearly three decades to provide a comprehensive overview of the commonwealth's major governing and political institutions and the public policy issues that profoundly affect Kentuckians' daily lives. In this groundbreaking volume, editors James C. Clinger and Michael W. Hail have assembled respected scholars from across the state to inform citizens about their governing institutions, the consequences of their policy choices, and the intricacies of the political process. They provide clear and authoritative information on Kentucky's government and explain significant trends and patterns, exploring the legacy of the state's political history and illuminating the contributions of influential Kentucky politicians such as Henry Clay, Abraham Lincoln, and Jefferson Davis. The contributors also address essential topics such as the structure and function of the three branches of government, the constitution, and federalism and intergovernmental relations, as well as administration, budgeting, and finance. They analyze key issues in education policy, economic and community development, and health care in great detail, explaining persistently controversial topics such as campaign finance, the cost of elections, ethics, and the oversight of regulatory agencies. From the executive branch to the legislature, from the court system to political parties, there is no better primer on government in the commonwealth.

Biomedical Institutions, Biomedical Funding, and Public Policy

Biomedical Institutions, Biomedical Funding, and Public Policy

  • Author: H. Hugh Fudenberg
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1468444484
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 212
  • View: 6460
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The world is on the threshold of a great new industrial revolution, a 1 scientific-industrial revolution. Recombinant DNA technology and hybridoma technology ("monoclonal antibodies") have already pro vided unique investment opportunities for venture capitalists. Hence published reports of biomedical research are no longer restricted to scientific journals, but now appear regularly not only in weekly news 2 magazines like Time and U. S. News & World Report,3 but also in the financial sections of The New York Times,4 The Wall Street Journal,S 6 8 Business Week, Fortune,7 and The Economist, as well as in such stock 9 market advisory publications as New Issues and Inc. (The Magazine for Growing Companies). 10 These publications now appear to be as impor tant to biomedical scientists in keeping abreast of new scientific devel opments in biotechnology as is Current Contents. (The costs of health cost provision and of fundamental biomedical research are now also being followed by such media. ) Conversely, Wall Street financial bro kers increasingly no longer confine their reading to economic journals but are also perusing Nature,ll Science,12 and Science N 13 for infor ews mation on both fiscal and scientific advances in these areas. It is obvious that the information explosion in biotechnology is crossing traditional boundaries (e. g. , ref. 14). This volume is the second of several that are intended to inform both the biomedical community and interested intelligent laymen of the political and economic implications of biomedical research.

Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy

Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy

  • Author: J. Lemons,Donald A. Brown
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401584923
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 8563
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Of all the books written about the problems of sustainable development and environmental protection, Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy is one of the first to examine the role of science, economics and law, and ethics as generally applied to decision making on sustainable development, particularly in respect to the recommendations contained in Agenda 21. Specifically, the book examines the role, capabilities, and certain strengths and weaknesses of these disciplines and their ethical implications in the context of sustainable development problems. Such an analysis is necessary to determine whether sustainable development problems create important new challenges and problems for government so that, where appropriate, new tools or approaches may be designed to overcome limitations or take advantage of the strengths of current scientific, economic and legal capabilities. Audience: Environmental professionals, whether academic, governmental or industrial, or in the private consultancy sector. Also suitable as an upper level text or reference.

Ideology, Ethics and Policy Development in Public Service Interpreting and Translation

Ideology, Ethics and Policy Development in Public Service Interpreting and Translation

  • Author: Carmen Valero-Garcés,Rebecca Tipton
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters
  • ISBN: 178309754X
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 252
  • View: 1956
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This edited collection brings together new research on public service interpreting and translation (PSIT) with a focus on ideology, ethics and policy development. The contributions provide fresh theoretical and empirical perspectives on the inconsistencies in translation and interpreting provision observed in different geonational contexts and the often-reported tensions between prescribed approaches to ethics and practitioner experience. The discussions are set against the backdrop of developments in rights-based discourses on language support services and the professionalisation of the field, drawing attention to how stakeholders and interpreting practitioners navigate the realities of service in the context of shifting ideological landscapes. Particular innovations in the collection include theorisations about policy and practice that draw on political science, applied ethics and paradigms of trauma-informed care. The volume also presents research on settings that have received limited attention to date such as prison and charitable services for survivors of violence and trauma.

Public Policy in International Economic Law

Public Policy in International Economic Law

The ICESCR in Trade, Finance, and Investment

  • Author: Diane Desierto
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191026484
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 432
  • View: 6786
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States reject inequality when they choose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States' international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR, particularly in the context of States' decisions within international trade, finance, and investment. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional functional mandates in the international trade, finance, and investment systems, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfil economic, social and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. It approaches the problem of harmonizing social protection objectives under the ICESCR with a State's international economic treaty obligations, from the designing and interpreting international treaty texts, up to the institutional monitoring and empirical analysis of ICESCR compliance. In examining public policy options, the book takes into account around five decades of States' implementation of social protection commitments under the ICESCR; its normative evolution through the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Committee's expanded fact-finding and adjudicative competences under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; as well as the critical, dialectical, and deliberative roles of diverse functional interpretive communities within international trade, finance, and investment law. Ultimately, the book shoes how States' ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.

Guide to Italian Translation and Construction; Or, A Series of Entertaining and Instructive Extracts

Guide to Italian Translation and Construction; Or, A Series of Entertaining and Instructive Extracts

To be Rendered from the English Idiom Into the Italian, Through the Assistance of Notes, Preceded by a Summary of the Most Important Rules of Italian Grammar ...

  • Author: P. L. Rostèri
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Italian language
  • Page: 146
  • View: 7223
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Interpreting and Translating in Public Service Settings

Interpreting and Translating in Public Service Settings

  • Author: Raquel De Pedro Ricoy,Isabelle Perez,Christine Wilson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317641566
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 8
  • View: 5359
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Translation, interpreting and other forms of communication support within public sector settings constitute a field which deals, quite literally, with matters of life and death. Overshadowed for many years by interpreting and translating in other domains, public sector interpreting and translating has received growing attention in recent years, with increasingly mobile populations and human rights, diversity and equality legislation shining the spotlight on the need for quality provision across an increasing range and volume of activities. Interpreting and Translating in Public Service Settings offers a collection of analytically-grounded essays that provide new insights into the reality of the interaction in public sector settings and into the roles and positioning of the participants by challenging existing models and paradigms. Issues of local need, but with global resonance, are addressed, and current reality is set against plans for the future. The triad of participants (interpreter/translator, public sector professional and client) is investigated, as are aspects of pedagogy, policy and practice. Empirical data supports the study of topics related to written, spoken and signed activities in a variety of professional settings. Bringing together academics and practitioners from different countries in order to explore the multidisciplinary dimension of the subject, this collection should serve as a valuable reference tool, not only for academics and students of public sector interpreting and translating, but also for practising linguists, providers of language services and policy makers.

Subversive Citizens

Subversive Citizens

Power, Agency and Resistance in Public Services

  • Author: Barnes, Marian,Prior, David
  • Publisher: Policy Press
  • ISBN: 9781847422071
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 240
  • View: 3118
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Citizens' everyday conduct is shaped by governmental action, yet there is much evidence that both front-line public service staff and service users can sometimes act in ways that modify or disrupt intended policy outcomes. This book presents a highly original examination of how policy objectives can be 'subverted' through the actions of citizens.

Law Without Enforcement

Law Without Enforcement

Integrating Mental Health and Justice

  • Author: Nigel Eastman,Jill Peay
  • Publisher: Hart Publishing
  • ISBN: 1901362752
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 238
  • View: 1790
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Until recently, law relating to mental disorder and to the mentally disorded has rarely been the subject of such extensive and heated debate. This book explores and reflects upon this debate. So far the debate's focus has been on the tension between public protection and individual civil rights, since much of its impetus has derived from notorious homicides in the community and been directed towards calls for a community treatment order. The debate encapsulated here is more comprehensive, going to the heart of the nature of mental illness and its impacts on legal capacity, juxtaposing constructs which arise out of profoundly differing disciplines. The book concludes that the contribution of current mental health legislation is both marginal and it seeks to set an agenda for radical law reform by recognizing that asking questions may, at this stage, be more valuable than providing hasty answers. Many of the chapters deal with the recent Bournewood decision in the House of Lords.