Search Results for "u-s-iran-misperceptions"

U.S.-Iran Misperceptions

U.S.-Iran Misperceptions

A Dialogue

  • Author: Abbas Maleki,John Tirman
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1623565359
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 2824
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Can Iranians and Americans find common ground to overcome their troubled history? U.S.-Iran Misperceptions is the first written dialogue on the key issues that separate these two great countries. Bringing together former policy makers and international relations experts from the United States and Iran, U.S.-Iran Misperceptions: A Dialogue provides new insights into and arguments about how each country's elites view the other, and how misperceptions have blocked the two from forging a normal and productive relationship. Guided by the leading theorist of misperceptions in international relations, Columbia University Professor Robert Jervis, the book moves from Jervis's opening essay to consider mutual perceptions of ideology, nuclear weapons, neo-imperialism, regional hegemony, and the future of the relationship. It presents authoritative, clear-eyed assessments, while seeking plausible ways the two countries can avoid a catastrophic war and rebuild the relationship. U.S.-Iran Misperceptions: A Dialogue offers uncompromising analysis and cautious optimism.

Iran Nuclear Accord and the Remaking of the Middle East

Iran Nuclear Accord and the Remaking of the Middle East

  • Author: Nader Entessar,Kaveh L. Afrasiabi
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1442271280
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 298
  • View: 5752
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Entessar & Afrasiabi’s Iran Nuclear Negotiations (Rowman & Littlefied, October 2015) offered a thorough analysis of the negotiation process between Iran and the 5+1 great powers about its nuclear program. This book essentially builds upon it, focusing this time on the final nuclear agreement, the ensuing debates around it, and its global and regional ramifications especially in the Middle East. The first section analyzes the agreement through the prism of international relations theories, using a constructivist-critical theory approach. This is followed by an overview of the intense debates in Iran, the West, and other parts of the world, on the nuclear agreement and its various pros and cons, not to mention the connected, yet separate Iran-IAEA agreement. The second section covers Iran’s foreign policy and its various priorities, looking in particular at the impact of the nuclear deal on the country’s external relations and orientations, contextualized in terms of pre-existing issues and concerns and the profound influence of the nuclear agreement on the perceptions of Iranian power in the region and beyond. Iran’s relations with its Arab, Turkish, Russian, and other neighbors are discussed, focusing on both the direct and indirect impact of the nuclear agreement on these relations, especially the paradoxical implications of the nuclear deal with respect to the non-nuclear crises in the Middle East, such as the Syria-Iraq crisis, and the re-alignments that have put Iran at the crossroads of East and West. Other issues covered include energy security, regional economic cooperation, the endemic sectarianism highlighted by Iran-Saudi competition, and the deadlock on the Middle East peace process. The third section then examines the issue of a Middle East nuclear weapons-free zone and the likely consequences of the Iran nuclear deal on this prospect, which, in turn, raises the issue of regional proliferation and counterproliferation. The last section explores some possible various scenarios and the challenges of implementation as a relatively long-term agreement, providing specific policy recommendations for the regional actors and the external powers that are stakeholders in the volatile Middle East.

Iran and the United States

Iran and the United States

An Insider’s View on the Failed Past and the Road to Peace

  • Author: Seyed Hossein Mousavian,Shahir Shahidsaless
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1501312065
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 360
  • View: 9679
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An Iranian diplomatic insider's account of the failures in the Iran-US relationship, with a roadmap for peace.

US Foreign Policy in the Middle East

US Foreign Policy in the Middle East

The Case for Continuity

  • Author: Bledar Prifti
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319453270
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 2718
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This book provides a comprehensive historical overview of US foreign policy in the Middle East using the theoretical framework of offensive realism and highlighting the role of geography and regional power distribution in guiding foreign policy. It argues that the US has been pursuing the same geostrategic interests from President Truman’s policy of containment to President Obama’s speak softly and carry a big stick policy, and contends that the US-Iran relationship has been largely characterized by continued cooperation due to shared geostrategic interests. The book highlights the continuity in US foreign policy over the last seven decades and offers a prediction for US foreign policy in reaction to current and future global events. As such, it will serve as a reference guide for not only scholars but also policy analysts and practitioners.

Psychology of a Superpower

Psychology of a Superpower

Security and Dominance in U.S. Foreign Policy

  • Author: Christopher Fettweis
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231547412
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 269
  • View: 3146
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With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States was left as the world’s sole superpower, which was the dawn of an international order known as unipolarity. The ramifications of imbalanced power extend around the globe—including the country at the center. What has the sudden realization that it stands alone atop the international hierarchy done to the United States? In Psychology of a Superpower, Christopher J. Fettweis examines how unipolarity affects the way U.S. leaders conceive of their role, make strategy, and perceive America’s place in the world. Combining security, strategy, and psychology, Fettweis investigates how the idea of being number one affects the decision making of America’s foreign-policy elite. He examines the role the United States plays in providing global common goods, such as peace and security; the effect of the Cold War’s end on nuclear-weapon strategy and policy; the psychological consequences of unbalanced power; and the grand strategies that have emerged in unipolarity. Drawing on psychology’s insights into the psychological and behavioral consequences of unchecked power, Fettweis brings new insight to political science’s policy-analysis toolkit. He also considers the prospect of the end of unipolarity, offering a challenge to widely held perceptions of American indispensability and asking whether the unipolar moment is worth trying to save. Psychology of a Superpower is a provocative rethinking of the risks and opportunities of the global position of the United States, with significant consequences for U.S. strategy, character, and identity.

The US-Iran Relationship

The US-Iran Relationship

The Impact of Political Identity on Foreign Policy

  • Author: Penelope Kinch
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • ISBN: 0857729381
  • Category: History
  • Page: 288
  • View: 5702
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Since the Revolution of 1978/79, which eventually brought to power Ayatollah Khomeini and his circle of conservative, though politically active, clerics, the relationship between Iran and the USA has represented one of the world’s most complex and hostile international entanglements. In this book, Penelope Kinch analyses the extent to which political identity has contributed to challenges in the relationship and the role of myths in foreign policy. Kinch first examines the construction of political identity in each country, and thereby traces the imagined norms which have their impact on international behaviour.

Becoming Enemies

Becoming Enemies

U.S.-Iran Relations and the Iran-Iraq War, 1979-1988

  • Author: James G. Blight,Janet M. Lang,Hussein Banai,Malcolm Byrne,John Tirman
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1442208317
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 394
  • View: 6499
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Becoming Enemies brings the unique methods of critical oral history to understand U.S. and Iranian relations from the fall of the Shah in 1978 through the Iranian hostage crisis and the Iran-Iraq war. Scholars and former officials involved with U.S.

Why America Misunderstands the World

Why America Misunderstands the World

National Experience and Roots of Misperception

  • Author: Paul R. Pillar
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231540353
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 8077
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Being insulated by two immense oceans makes it hard for Americans to appreciate the concerns of more exposed countries. American democracy's rapid rise also fools many into thinking the same liberal system can flourish anywhere, and having populated a vast continent with relative ease impedes Americans' understanding of conflicts between different peoples over other lands. Paul R. Pillar ties the American public's misconceptions about foreign threats and behaviors to the nation's history and geography, arguing that American success in international relations is achieved often in spite of, rather than because of, the public's worldview. Drawing a fascinating line from colonial events to America's handling of modern international terrorism, Pillar shows how presumption and misperception turned Finlandization into a dirty word in American policy circles, bolstered the "for us or against us" attitude that characterized the policies of the George W. Bush administration, and continue to obscure the reasons behind Iraq's close relationship with Iran. Fundamental misunderstandings have created a cycle in which threats are underestimated before an attack occurs and then are overestimated after they happen. By exposing this longstanding tradition of misperception, Pillar hopes the United States can develop policies that better address international realities rather than biased beliefs.

The Coup

The Coup

1953, The CIA, and The Roots of Modern U.S.-Iranian Relations

  • Author: Ervand Abrahamian
  • Publisher: The New Press
  • ISBN: 1595588620
  • Category: History
  • Page: 304
  • View: 5648
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In August 1953, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency orchestrated the swift overthrow of Iran’s democratically elected leader and installed Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in his place. Over the next twenty-six years, the United States backed the unpopular, authoritarian shah and his secret police; in exchange, it reaped a share of Iran’s oil wealth and became a key player in this volatile region. The blowback was almost inevitable, as this new and revealing history of the coup and its consequences shows. When the 1979 Iranian Revolution deposed the shah and replaced his puppet government with a radical Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the shift reverberated throughout the Middle East and the world, casting a long, dark shadow over U.S.-Iran relations that extends to the present day. In this authoritative new history of the coup and its aftermath, noted Iran scholar Ervand Abrahamian uncovers little-known documents that challenge conventional interpretations and also sheds new light on how the American role in the coup influenced U.S.-Iranian relations, both past and present. Drawing from the hitherto closed archives of British Petroleum, the Foreign Office, and the U.S. State Department, as well as from Iranian memoirs and published interviews, Abrahamian’s riveting account of this key historical event will change America’s understanding of a crucial turning point in modern U.S.-Iranian relations.

Know Thine Enemy

Know Thine Enemy

A Spy's Journey Into Revolutionary Iran

  • Author: Edward Shirley
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • ISBN: 9780813335889
  • Category: History
  • Page: 256
  • View: 628
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As a CIA spy, Edward Shirley operated on the front lines in Europe and the Middle East ferreting out the secrets of the most vociferous enemy of the United States. But, though he studied Iran and was obsessed with it from childhood, he never actually could cross its borders. The agency would recruit only native-born Iranians to enter the country as spies. After leaving the clandestine service, Shirley had to find out what was happening on the ground in Iran, so he smuggled himself into the country inside a box in the back of a friend's truck.In narrating Know Thine Enemy, a gripping and wry account of his trip, Shirley blends a spy's cunning and nose for adventure with shrewd insights into the Iranian character. What he finds runs counter to what most American know about Iran. He depicts glamorous Westernized Iranians, disillusioned Muslim fundamentalists, and a crippled veteran of the Iran-Iraq war. Ordinary Iranians, he reports, are weary of Islamic dogma and the clerical regime and have resorted to cynicism, conspiracy, and black humor as everyday survival tactics, because the radical Islam promulgated by Khomeini and his successors has solved few of Iran's problems. Unique and engrossing, Know Thine Enemy is a vivid, firsthand portrait of the clash of Western and Muslim civilizations.

Searching for Hassan

Searching for Hassan

A Journey to the Heart of Iran

  • Author: Terence Ward
  • Publisher: Anchor
  • ISBN: 1400032237
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 322
  • View: 6415
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Journeying back home to the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1998, the author and his family search for their friend Hassan, with whom they had lost contact after the fall of the shah, amidst a land rife with beauty and history, from the rich Persian past to the mixture of ancient traditions and Western pop culture of today, ultimately reconnecting with their country and its people. Reprint. 17,500 first printing.

Great Myths of the Brain

Great Myths of the Brain

  • Author: Christian Jarrett
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118312716
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 352
  • View: 8862
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Explores commonly-held myths of the brain through the lens of scientific research, backing up claims with studies and other evidence from the literature Looks at enduring myths such as "Do we only use 10% of our brain?", "Pregnant women lose their mind", "Right-brained people are more creative" and many more

Becoming Visible in Iran

Becoming Visible in Iran

Women in Contemporary Iranian Society

  • Author: Mehri Honarbin-Holliday
  • Publisher: I.B.Tauris
  • ISBN: 0857710761
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3120
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The state of women in Islamic societies is the subject of much interest and heated debate. Yet, these discussions and representations in the media and elsewhere rely on inadequate information and misperceptions, imagining Muslim women as oppressed victims in need of liberation by outside forces. ‘Becoming Visible in Iran’ disputes these widespread stereotypes, providing a vivid account of women in contemporary Iran as they go about their daily lives. Beginning at home, women are infusing dramatic change by challenging the patriarchal conceptions of their fathers, brothers, uncles and others within the intimate sphere of family and home. Empowered by education, they transport the power of their minds and being from the domestic to the public and political. Mehri Honarbin-Holliday presents the experiences of these young women who wield a key if indirect political influence on the seemingly male dominated politics of this society, as they achieve a new visibility. She shows us how women understand their place in contemporary Iranian society, and how they interrogate it, making demands for shifts in attitudes and behaviours, both at home in relation to male relatives and in the wider world._x000D_ _x000D_ Women’s daily existence weaves between the public and the private, from home to classrooms, parks, metros, cafes and taxis, negotiating socio-political limitations and the current regime’s policies of female invisibility. Detailed interviews and striking narratives draw our attention to the women’s reflexive and critical stance and their desires to be recognized as independent and active architects of their own personal lives, whilst also contributing to the discourses of change and a more just civil society. From this fieldwork, and focusing especially on young women, Honarbin-Holliday presents women’s views on such key topics as public visibility, body presentation, and sexual curiosity, in addition to education, civil society and political and social change. Highlighting links and continuities with the history of women in Iran, from the early twentieth century to the present moment, she shows how Iranian women today strive: to be the author of one’s fate, to resist narrow interpretations of religion, to conduct meaningful, rich and complex lives, to bring about change in the mindsets of male relatives, and to contribute to legal and political debates in the country._x000D_ _x000D_ For its direct presentation of women’s voices as well as its analysis and insight, this book is a vital contribution to our understanding of the lives of Muslim women and the possibilities before them today. ‘Becoming Visible in Iran’ is indispensable for those concerned with women in Islamic societies, gender studies, sociology, anthropology as well as Iran and the Middle East. _x000D_

Lipstick Jihad

Lipstick Jihad

A Memoir of Growing Up Iranian in America and American in Iran

  • Author: Azadeh Moaveni
  • Publisher: PublicAffairs
  • ISBN: 9781586481933
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 249
  • View: 9247
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A young Iranian-American journalist returns to Tehran and discovers not only the oppressive and decadent life of her Iranian counterparts who have grown up since the revolution, but the pain of searching for a homeland that may not exist.

US Foreign Policy and Iran

US Foreign Policy and Iran

American-Iranian Relations since the Islamic Revolution

  • Author: Donette Murray
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135219885
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8363
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US Foreign Policy and Iran is a study of US foreign policy decision-making in relation to Iran and its implications for Middle Eastern relations. It offers a new assessment of US-Iranian relations by exploring the rationale, effectiveness and consequences of American policy towards Iran from the aftermath of the 1979 Iranian Revolution to the present day. As a key country in a turbulent region and the recipient of some of the most inconsistent treatment meted out during or after the Cold War, Iran has been both one of America's closest allies and an 'axis of evil' or 'rogue' state, targeted by covert action and contained by sanctions, diplomatic isolation and the threat of overt action. Moreover, since the attacks of 11 September 2001, Iran has played a significant role in the war on terror while also incurring American wrath for its links to international terror and its alleged pursuit of a nuclear weapons programme. US Foreign Policy and Iran will be of interest to students of US foreign policy, Iran, Middle Eastern Politics and international security in general Donette Murray is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Defence and International Affairs at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. She was awarded a PhD in International History by the University of Ulster in 1997.

Negotiating with Iran

Negotiating with Iran

Wrestling the Ghosts of History

  • Author: John W. Limbert
  • Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press
  • ISBN: 1601270437
  • Category: History
  • Page: 217
  • View: 5491
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John Limbert steps up with a pragmatic yet positive assessment of how to engage Iran. Through four detailed case studies of past successes and failures, he draws lessons for today's negotiators and outlines 14 principles to guide the American who finds himself in a negotiation--commercial, political, or other--with an Iranian counterpart.

World Order

World Order

  • Author: Henry Kissinger
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 0698165721
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 432
  • View: 3094
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“Dazzling and instructive . . . [a] magisterial new book.” —Walter Isaacson, Time Henry Kissinger offers in World Order a deep meditation on the roots of international harmony and global disorder. Drawing on his experience as one of the foremost statesmen of the modern era—advising presidents, traveling the world, observing and shaping the central foreign policy events of recent decades—Kissinger now reveals his analysis of the ultimate challenge for the twenty-first century: how to build a shared international order in a world of divergent historical perspectives, violent conflict, proliferating technology, and ideological extremism. There has never been a true “world order,” Kissinger observes. For most of history, civilizations defined their own concepts of order. Each considered itself the center of the world and envisioned its distinct principles as universally relevant. China conceived of a global cultural hierarchy with the emperor at its pinnacle. In Europe, Rome imagined itself surrounded by barbarians; when Rome fragmented, European peoples refined a concept of an equilibrium of sovereign states and sought to export it across the world. Islam, in its early centuries, considered itself the world’s sole legitimate political unit, destined to expand indefinitely until the world was brought into harmony by religious principles. The United States was born of a conviction about the universal applicability of democracy—a conviction that has guided its policies ever since. Now international affairs take place on a global basis, and these historical concepts of world order are meeting. Every region participates in questions of high policy in every other, often instantaneously. Yet there is no consensus among the major actors about the rules and limits guiding this process or its ultimate destination. The result is mounting tension. Grounded in Kissinger’s deep study of history and his experience as national security advisor and secretary of state, World Order guides readers through crucial episodes in recent world history. Kissinger offers a unique glimpse into the inner deliberations of the Nixon administration’s negotiations with Hanoi over the end of the Vietnam War, as well as Ronald Reagan’s tense debates with Soviet Premier Gorbachev in Reykjavík. He offers compelling insights into the future of U.S.–China relations and the evolution of the European Union, and he examines lessons of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Taking readers from his analysis of nuclear negotiations with Iran through the West’s response to the Arab Spring and tensions with Russia over Ukraine, World Order anchors Kissinger’s historical analysis in the decisive events of our time. Provocative and articulate, blending historical insight with geopolitical prognostication, World Order is a unique work that could come only from a lifelong policy maker and diplomat.

Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: United States
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6146
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Parallax Visions

Parallax Visions

Making Sense of American-East Asian Relations

  • Author: Bruce Cumings
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 9780822329244
  • Category: History
  • Page: 280
  • View: 5301
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Collection of essays by Cumings on the complex problems of political economy and ideology, power and culture in East and Northeast Asia, providing an understanding of the United States's role in these regions and the consequences for subsequent policy mak

The Great Satan Vs. the Mad Mullahs

The Great Satan Vs. the Mad Mullahs

How the United States and Iran Demonize Each Other

  • Author: William O. Beeman
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226041476
  • Category: History
  • Page: 298
  • View: 8628
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Exposes the hostile U.S.-Iranian relationship as the result of a pervasive yet unnecessary mutual demonization, full of vengeful myth mongering and retribution for past injuries, not the result of an actual mutual threat.