Search Results for "usable-theory"

Usable Theory

Usable Theory

Analytic Tools for Social and Political Research

  • Author: Dietrich Rueschemeyer
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691129584
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 338
  • View: 1255
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The project of twentieth-century sociology and political science--to create predictive scientific theory--resulted in few full-scale theories that can be taken off the shelf and successfully applied to empirical puzzles. Yet focused "theory frames" that formulate problems and point to relevant causal factors and conditions have produced vibrant, insightful, and analytically oriented empirical research. While theory frames alone cannot offer explanation or prediction, they guide empirical theory formation and give direction to inferences from empirical evidence. They are also responsible for much of the progress in the social sciences. In Usable Theory, distinguished sociologist Dietrich Rueschemeyer shows graduate students and researchers how to construct theory frames and use them to develop valid empirical hypotheses in the course of empirical social and political research. Combining new ideas as well as analytic tools derived from classic and recent theoretical traditions, the book enlarges the rationalist model of action by focusing on knowledge, norms, preferences, and emotions, and it discusses larger social formations that shape elementary forms of action. Throughout, Usable Theory seeks to mobilize the implicit theoretical social knowledge used in everyday life. Offers tools for theory building in social and political research Complements the rationalist model of action with discussions of knowledge, norms, preferences, and emotions Relates theoretical ideas to problems of methodology Situates elementary forms of action in relation to larger formations Combines new ideas with themes from classic and more recent theories

A New Foundation of Physical Theories

A New Foundation of Physical Theories

  • Author: Günther Ludwig,Gerald Thurler
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540308326
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 178
  • View: 9390
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Written in the tradition of G. Ludwig’s groundbreaking works, this book aims to clarify and formulate more precisely the fundamental ideas of physical theories. By introducing a basic descriptive language of simple form, in which it is possible to formulate recorded facts, ambiguities of physical theories are avoided as much as possible. In this approach the field of physics that should be described by a theory is determined by basic concepts only, i.e. concepts that can be explained without a theory. In this context the authors introduce a new concept of idealization and review the process of discovering new concepts. They believe that, when the theories are formulated within an axiomatic basis, solutions can be found to many difficult problems such as the interpretation of physical theories, the relations between theories as well as the introduction of physical concepts. The book addresses both physicists and philosophers of science and should encourage the reader to contribute to the understanding of the lasting core of physical knowledge about the real structures of the world.

25 Years of Economic Theory

25 Years of Economic Theory

Retrospect and prospect

  • Author: T.J. Kastelein,Simon K. Kuipers,W.A. Nijenhuis,R.G. Wagenaar
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461343674
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 154
  • View: 7893
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Almost three years passed since the Faculty of Economics of the University of Groningen celebrated its 25th Anniversary in 1973. Late, but not too late we hope, to present the lectures of most of our distinguished guests, who came from the United States and different European Countries to inform the Congress participants of their opinion and ideas on "25 Years of Economic Theory: Retrospect and Prospect. " The problems we met in publishing the lectures, in accordance with the agreement we made with our guests, are not unusual, as everyone knows who has been an editor of such a volume before. The promise to give a lecture and to write it down afterwards as well is much more difficult to maintain than only to give a speech. Everybody knows there is nothing so terrifying as to be reminded of your promise to write down your lecture, especially if only a type-written text, put down from a tape, is at your disposal. You are sure of your remembrance: "That very day I heard applause, there were friendly words and perhaps a state of not ending enthusiasm. And now I receive this type-written text of my speech with a request, full of innocence, of these friendly committee members, "will you be so kind as to prepare your text for publication ']" But this one, is this my text? Unbelievable.

New Directions for Organization Theory

New Directions for Organization Theory

Problems and Prospects

  • Author: Jeffrey Pfeffer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0195114345
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 264
  • View: 6838
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Pfeffer argues that the world of organizations has changed in several important ways, including the increasing externalization of employment and the growing use of contingent workers; the changing size distribution of organizations, with a larger proportion of smaller organizations; the increasing influence of external capital markets on organizational decision-making and a concomitant decrease in managerial autonomy; and increasing salary inequality within organizations in the US compared both to the past and to other industrialized nations. These changes and their public policy implications make it especially important to understand organizations as social entities. But Pfeffer questions whether the research literature of organization studies has either addressed these changes and their causes or made much of a contribution to the discussion of public policy.

Textual Intervention

Textual Intervention

Critical and Creative Strategies for Literary Studies

  • Author: Rob Pope
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135083282
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 232
  • View: 6520
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First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Strategy for Chaos

Strategy for Chaos

Revolutions in Military Affairs and the Evidence of History

  • Author: Colin S. Gray
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780714684833
  • Category: History
  • Page: 310
  • View: 7358
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In this volume, Professor Colin Gray develops and applies the theory and scholarship on the allegedly historical practice of the 'Revolution in Military Affairs' (RMA), in order to improve our comprehension of how and why strategy 'works'. The author explores the RMA hypothesis both theoretically and historically. The book argues that the conduct of an RMA has to be examined as a form of strategic behaviour, which means that, of necessity, it must "work" as strategy works. The great RMA debate of the 1990s is reviewed empathetically, though sceptically, by the author, with every major school of thought allowed its day in court. The author presents three historical RMAs as case studies for his argument: those arguably revealed in the wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon; in World War I; and in the nuclear age. The focus of his analysis is how these grand RMAs functioned strategically. The conclusions that he draws from these empirical exercises are then applied to help us understand what, indeed, is - and what is not - happening with the much vaunted information-technology-led RMA of today.

A Practical Theory of Programming

A Practical Theory of Programming

  • Author: Eric C.R. Hehner
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1441985964
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 247
  • View: 3160
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There are several theories of programming. The first usable theory, often called "Hoare's Logic", is still probably the most widely known. In it, a specification is a pair of predicates: a precondition and postcondition (these and all technical terms will be defined in due course). Another popular and closely related theory by Dijkstra uses the weakest precondition predicate transformer, which is a function from programs and postconditions to preconditions. lones's Vienna Development Method has been used to advantage in some industries; in it, a specification is a pair of predicates (as in Hoare's Logic), but the second predicate is a relation. Temporal Logic is yet another formalism that introduces some special operators and quantifiers to describe some aspects of computation. The theory in this book is simpler than any of those just mentioned. In it, a specification is just a boolean expression. Refinement is just ordinary implication. This theory is also more general than those just mentioned, applying to both terminating and nonterminating computation, to both sequential and parallel computation, to both stand-alone and interactive computation. And it includes time bounds, both for algorithm classification and for tightly constrained real-time applications.

Social Work Treatment 4th Edition

Social Work Treatment 4th Edition

  • Author: Francis J. Turner
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1439135983
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 752
  • View: 9397
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"Written by leading practitioners and educators in the field, Social Work Treatment: Interlocking Theoretical Approaches, Fourth Edition is the standard text on theories of social work and a trusted reference book for social work practitioners. In this updated edition, Francis Turner introduces exciting new theoretical systems that have gained importance since the 1980s, including Aboriginal theory, Narrative, Hypnosis, Constructivism, and Empowerment theory. Twenty chapters from the previous edition have been completely revised and expanded, to reflect the influence of new ideas and clinical experience in social work practice. An exceptionally strong group of distinguished contributors to past editions and writers new to this volume together examine the full range of therapeutic approaches - including psychoanalysis, ego psychology, cognitive, crisis intervention, client-centered theory, feminist theory, meditation, transactional analysis, systems theory, task-centered social work, and neurolinguistics." "Social Work Treatment makes the range of theories upon which current practice is built fully available, providing professionals with ready access to the theoretical diversity and richness that is the mark of contemporary social work practice. It enables social work students at all levels - bachelor, masters and doctoral - to learn and integrate ongoing theoretical developments in the field, which ultimately ensures a client's optimum service."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Resurrecting a Discipline

Resurrecting a Discipline

Enduring Scholarship for Evolving World Politics

  • Author: George Liska
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 9780739100677
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 361
  • View: 3627
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Resurrecting a Discipline completes a trilogy in which George Liska, renowned scholar of international relations, encapsulates a lifetime of inquiry into past and present world politics. This final book examines the future of politics in general and of the discipline of international relations in particular, seeking a theory that combines the two. The author takes as his starting point former Secretary of State Dean Acheson's call for a 'usable theory' of international politics, integrating selections from his own many books on politics, world history, and international relations with analysis of the present and speculation on the future state of scholarship. Scholars of international relations, world politics, and political history will find this book a valuable addition to their collections.

Mechanics of Impression Evidence

Mechanics of Impression Evidence

  • Author: David S. Pierce
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781439813720
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 241
  • View: 6305
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As forensic technology becomes more sophisticated, courts are demanding more scientific content and juries are expecting meticulous confirmation of facts alleged. Greater attention is now paid to increasingly finer details and improved methods of describing every form of evidence. Applying physics, chemistry, and engineering to the process of analysis and interpretation, Mechanics of Impression Evidence reflects the shift to these heightened standards and offers a starting point for significant change in the way that impression evidence is considered, utilized, and presented. Concepts discussed in this groundbreaking text include: The three-dimensional nature of the human fingerprint and a shift toward a more holistic image of the surface of friction skin Dimensional stability and striation mark issues, which can change the way footwear outsoles are evaluated and compared The research and development of electrostatic scans that could possibly save lives and locate or describe evidence as never before The growing availability of new measurement techniques that can improve evidence testimony The use of personal experimentation to support conclusions or confirm that which is otherwise considered fact Making use of logic and science to question our approach to impression evidence, this volume begins with simple ideas and basic notions and uses these building blocks to suggest and consider potentially controversial changes in the way evidence is located, interpreted, compared, and presented.

Philosophy of Social Science

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

  • Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191030082
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3158
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This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

  • Author: Rama S. Singh,Jianping Xu,Rob J. Kulathinal
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199642273
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 2773
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Provides a comprehensive and topical overview of our current understanding of the rates of evolution in biological systems. It includes case studies that exemplify rapid evolution, and showcases the diversity of rapidly evolving genes and genetic systems.

Designing Case Studies

Designing Case Studies

Explanatory Approaches in Small-N Research

  • Author: J. Blatter,M. Haverland
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137016663
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 262
  • View: 2107
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The authors explore three ways of conducting causal analysis in case studies. They draw on established practices as well as on recent innovations in case study methodology and integrate these insights into coherent approaches. They highlight the core features of each approach and provide advice on each step of the research process.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

  • Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444355074
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 5354
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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars

Auguste Laurent and the Prehistory of Valence

Auguste Laurent and the Prehistory of Valence

  • Author: Mary Eunice Novitski
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9783718652358
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 147
  • View: 8216
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This study focuses on the French chemists of 1830-1858, and their roles in the development of organic chemistry and its eventual connectin with atomic and valence-bond theory, and uncovers new complexities in the thought processes that led to the concept of valence. The exploration of Laurent's early career reveals that this French chemist had proposed a hyposthesis to explain phenomena due to valence fifteen years before August Kekule's Exposition of the classic valence-bond theory in 1858. Laurent put forward a hypothesis supposing the dividibility of atoms at a time when such a theory was far removed from the possiblity of experimentation. Within the positivist philosophy which prevailed at the time, few besides him would have dared to advance such a hypothesis. Laurent's hypothesis influenced certain advances in his chemistry, and that of his close associate, Charles Gerhardt, and eventually these advances helped turn most chemists to atomism.

Decanter Centrifuge Handbook

Decanter Centrifuge Handbook

  • Author: Alan Records,Ken Sutherland
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9781856173698
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 421
  • View: 4065
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Scope of Publication A reference work for process designers and users of decanters, this book aims to bridge the information gap in this field - that between academic theory promoted in student textbooks and case study data in manufacturers sales literature. Design It includes information on design and specification, preparing the reader to select and correctly size equipment. Purchase As a design or project engineer working with vendors to make final equipment selection, this work provides the readers with the full facts before they start talking to product vendors. Supply In an environment of industry consolidation, the handbook allows you to track suppliers old and new, providing a basis on which users can find the new relevant company for the parts/service he/she wishes to purchase. Operation Once an equipment purchase is made, the user needs to be made aware of how to optimally operate decanters. The Decanter Centrifuge Handbook covers relevant (process) operating issues such as instrumentation and control and the use of flocculents.

Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research

Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research

  • Author: Vern L. Bengtson,Alan C. Acock,Katherine R. Allen,Peggye Dilworth-Anderson,David M. Klein
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1452279101
  • Category: Family & Relationships
  • Page: 688
  • View: 9096
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Sponsored by the National Council on Family Relations, the Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research is the reference work on theory and methods for family scholars and students around the world. This volume provides a diverse, eclectic, and paradoxically mature approach to theorizing and demonstrates how the development of theory is crucial to the future of family research. The Sourcebook reflects an interactive approach that focuses on the process of theory building and designing research, thereby engaging readers in "doing" theory rather than simply reading about it. An accompanying Web site, http://www.ncfr.org/sourcebook, offers additional participation and interaction in the process of doing theory and making science.

Beyond Science

Beyond Science

The Wider Human Context

  • Author: John Polkinghorne
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521625081
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 131
  • View: 5567
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John Polkinghorne examines the nature of scientific inquiry itself and the human context in which science operates.

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

  • Author: Gorden Hammes
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0323157963
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 9276
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Principles of Chemical Kinetics is devoted to the principles and applications of chemical kinetics. The phenomenology and commonly used theories of chemical kinetics are presented in a critical manner, with particular emphasis on collision dynamics. How and what mechanistic information can be obtained from various experimental approaches is stressed throughout this book. Comprised of nine chapters, this text opens with an overview of reaction rates and their empirical analysis, along with theories of chemical kinetics. The following chapters consider reactions and unimolecular decompositions in the gas phase; chemical reactions in molecular beams; and energy transfer and partitioning in chemical reactions. Kinetics in liquid solutions and fast reactions in liquids are also described. The final chapter looks at the kinetics of enzymes, with particular reference to steady state and transient state kinetics, the pH and temperature dependence of kinetic parameters, and the mechanism underlying enzymatic action. This monograph is intended for students with a general college background in chemistry, physics, and mathematics, and with a typical undergraduate course in physical chemistry.

Deeper Learning in Leadership

Deeper Learning in Leadership

Helping College Students Find the Potential Within

  • Author: Dennis C. Roberts
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780787998967
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 256
  • View: 6066
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