Search Results for "usable-theory"

Usable Theory

Usable Theory

Analytic Tools for Social and Political Research

  • Author: Dietrich Rueschemeyer
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691129584
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 338
  • View: 834
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The project of twentieth-century sociology and political science--to create predictive scientific theory--resulted in few full-scale theories that can be taken off the shelf and successfully applied to empirical puzzles. Yet focused "theory frames" that formulate problems and point to relevant causal factors and conditions have produced vibrant, insightful, and analytically oriented empirical research. While theory frames alone cannot offer explanation or prediction, they guide empirical theory formation and give direction to inferences from empirical evidence. They are also responsible for much of the progress in the social sciences. In Usable Theory, distinguished sociologist Dietrich Rueschemeyer shows graduate students and researchers how to construct theory frames and use them to develop valid empirical hypotheses in the course of empirical social and political research. Combining new ideas as well as analytic tools derived from classic and recent theoretical traditions, the book enlarges the rationalist model of action by focusing on knowledge, norms, preferences, and emotions, and it discusses larger social formations that shape elementary forms of action. Throughout, Usable Theory seeks to mobilize the implicit theoretical social knowledge used in everyday life. Offers tools for theory building in social and political research Complements the rationalist model of action with discussions of knowledge, norms, preferences, and emotions Relates theoretical ideas to problems of methodology Situates elementary forms of action in relation to larger formations Combines new ideas with themes from classic and more recent theories

Design, User Experience, and Usability. Theory, Methods, Tools and Practice

Design, User Experience, and Usability. Theory, Methods, Tools and Practice

First International Conference, DUXU 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings

  • Author: Aaron Marcus
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3642216757
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 718
  • View: 1213
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The two-volume set LNCS 6769 + LNCS 6770 constitutes the proceedings of the First International Conference on Design, User Experience, and Usability, DUXU 2011, held in Orlando, FL, USA in July 2011 in the framework of the 14th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2011, incorporating 12 thematically similar conferences. A total of 4039 contributions was submitted to HCII 2011, of which 1318 papers were accepted for publication. The total of 154 contributions included in the DUXU proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on DUXU theory, methods and tools; DUXU guidelines and standards; novel DUXU: devices and their user interfaces; DUXU in industry; DUXU in the mobile and vehicle context; DXU in Web environment; DUXU and ubiquitous interaction/appearance; DUXU in the development and usage lifecycle; DUXU evaluation; and DUXU beyond usability: culture, branding, and emotions.

A Practical Theory of Programming

A Practical Theory of Programming

  • Author: Eric C.R. Hehner
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1441985964
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 247
  • View: 3524
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There are several theories of programming. The first usable theory, often called "Hoare's Logic", is still probably the most widely known. In it, a specification is a pair of predicates: a precondition and postcondition (these and all technical terms will be defined in due course). Another popular and closely related theory by Dijkstra uses the weakest precondition predicate transformer, which is a function from programs and postconditions to preconditions. lones's Vienna Development Method has been used to advantage in some industries; in it, a specification is a pair of predicates (as in Hoare's Logic), but the second predicate is a relation. Temporal Logic is yet another formalism that introduces some special operators and quantifiers to describe some aspects of computation. The theory in this book is simpler than any of those just mentioned. In it, a specification is just a boolean expression. Refinement is just ordinary implication. This theory is also more general than those just mentioned, applying to both terminating and nonterminating computation, to both sequential and parallel computation, to both stand-alone and interactive computation. And it includes time bounds, both for algorithm classification and for tightly constrained real-time applications.

A New Foundation of Physical Theories

A New Foundation of Physical Theories

  • Author: Günther Ludwig,Gérald Thurler
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540308326
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 178
  • View: 3706
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Written in the tradition of G. Ludwig’s groundbreaking works, this book aims to clarify and formulate more precisely the fundamental ideas of physical theories. By introducing a basic descriptive language of simple form, in which it is possible to formulate recorded facts, ambiguities of physical theories are avoided as much as possible. In this approach the field of physics that should be described by a theory is determined by basic concepts only, i.e. concepts that can be explained without a theory. In this context the authors introduce a new concept of idealization and review the process of discovering new concepts. They believe that, when the theories are formulated within an axiomatic basis, solutions can be found to many difficult problems such as the interpretation of physical theories, the relations between theories as well as the introduction of physical concepts. The book addresses both physicists and philosophers of science and should encourage the reader to contribute to the understanding of the lasting core of physical knowledge about the real structures of the world.

25 Years of Economic Theory

25 Years of Economic Theory

Retrospect and prospect

  • Author: T.J. Kastelein,Simon K. Kuipers,W.A. Nijenhuis,R.G. Wagenaar
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461343674
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 154
  • View: 6412
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Almost three years passed since the Faculty of Economics of the University of Groningen celebrated its 25th Anniversary in 1973. Late, but not too late we hope, to present the lectures of most of our distinguished guests, who came from the United States and different European Countries to inform the Congress participants of their opinion and ideas on "25 Years of Economic Theory: Retrospect and Prospect. " The problems we met in publishing the lectures, in accordance with the agreement we made with our guests, are not unusual, as everyone knows who has been an editor of such a volume before. The promise to give a lecture and to write it down afterwards as well is much more difficult to maintain than only to give a speech. Everybody knows there is nothing so terrifying as to be reminded of your promise to write down your lecture, especially if only a type-written text, put down from a tape, is at your disposal. You are sure of your remembrance: "That very day I heard applause, there were friendly words and perhaps a state of not ending enthusiasm. And now I receive this type-written text of my speech with a request, full of innocence, of these friendly committee members, "will you be so kind as to prepare your text for publication ']" But this one, is this my text? Unbelievable.

Textual Intervention

Textual Intervention

Critical and Creative Strategies for Literary Studies

  • Author: Rob Pope
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135083282
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 232
  • View: 5660
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First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Strategy for Chaos

Strategy for Chaos

Revolutions in Military Affairs and the Evidence of History

  • Author: Colin S. Gray
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780714684833
  • Category: History
  • Page: 310
  • View: 1678
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In this volume, Professor Colin Gray develops and applies the theory and scholarship on the allegedly historical practice of the 'Revolution in Military Affairs' (RMA), in order to improve our comprehension of how and why strategy 'works'. The author explores the RMA hypothesis both theoretically and historically. The book argues that the conduct of an RMA has to be examined as a form of strategic behaviour, which means that, of necessity, it must "work" as strategy works. The great RMA debate of the 1990s is reviewed empathetically, though sceptically, by the author, with every major school of thought allowed its day in court. The author presents three historical RMAs as case studies for his argument: those arguably revealed in the wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon; in World War I; and in the nuclear age. The focus of his analysis is how these grand RMAs functioned strategically. The conclusions that he draws from these empirical exercises are then applied to help us understand what, indeed, is - and what is not - happening with the much vaunted information-technology-led RMA of today.

Oral History Theory

Oral History Theory

  • Author: Lynn Abrams
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136952535
  • Category: History
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7119
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Oral history is increasingly acknowledged as a key tool for anyone studying the history of the recent past. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of oral history theory in an accessible format. The book is structured around key themes, including the peculiarities of oral history, the study of the self, subjectivity and intersubjectivity, memory, narrative, performance and power. Each chapter provides a clear and user-friendly explanation of the various theoretical approaches, illustrates them with examples from the rich field of published oral history, and makes suggestions for the practicing oral historian. There is also a glossary of key terms and concepts. Combining the study of theoreticians with the observations of practitioners, and including extensive examples of oral history work from around the world, this book constitutes the first integrated explanation of oral history theory. It will be invaluable to experienced and novice oral historians, professionals, and students who are new to the discipline.

Social Work Treatment 4th Edition

Social Work Treatment 4th Edition

  • Author: Francis J. Turner
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1439135983
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 752
  • View: 3530
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"Written by leading practitioners and educators in the field, Social Work Treatment: Interlocking Theoretical Approaches, Fourth Edition is the standard text on theories of social work and a trusted reference book for social work practitioners. In this updated edition, Francis Turner introduces exciting new theoretical systems that have gained importance since the 1980s, including Aboriginal theory, Narrative, Hypnosis, Constructivism, and Empowerment theory. Twenty chapters from the previous edition have been completely revised and expanded, to reflect the influence of new ideas and clinical experience in social work practice. An exceptionally strong group of distinguished contributors to past editions and writers new to this volume together examine the full range of therapeutic approaches - including psychoanalysis, ego psychology, cognitive, crisis intervention, client-centered theory, feminist theory, meditation, transactional analysis, systems theory, task-centered social work, and neurolinguistics." "Social Work Treatment makes the range of theories upon which current practice is built fully available, providing professionals with ready access to the theoretical diversity and richness that is the mark of contemporary social work practice. It enables social work students at all levels - bachelor, masters and doctoral - to learn and integrate ongoing theoretical developments in the field, which ultimately ensures a client's optimum service."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Resurrecting a Discipline

Resurrecting a Discipline

Enduring Scholarship for Evolving World Politics

  • Author: George Liska
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 9780739100677
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 361
  • View: 8982
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Resurrecting a Discipline completes a trilogy in which George Liska, renowned scholar of international relations, encapsulates a lifetime of inquiry into past and present world politics. This final book examines the future of politics in general and of the discipline of international relations in particular, seeking a theory that combines the two. The author takes as his starting point former Secretary of State Dean Acheson's call for a 'usable theory' of international politics, integrating selections from his own many books on politics, world history, and international relations with analysis of the present and speculation on the future state of scholarship. Scholars of international relations, world politics, and political history will find this book a valuable addition to their collections.

Mechanics of Impression Evidence

Mechanics of Impression Evidence

  • Author: David S. Pierce
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9781439813720
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 241
  • View: 7429
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As forensic technology becomes more sophisticated, courts are demanding more scientific content and juries are expecting meticulous confirmation of facts alleged. Greater attention is now paid to increasingly finer details and improved methods of describing every form of evidence. Applying physics, chemistry, and engineering to the process of analysis and interpretation, Mechanics of Impression Evidence reflects the shift to these heightened standards and offers a starting point for significant change in the way that impression evidence is considered, utilized, and presented. Concepts discussed in this groundbreaking text include: The three-dimensional nature of the human fingerprint and a shift toward a more holistic image of the surface of friction skin Dimensional stability and striation mark issues, which can change the way footwear outsoles are evaluated and compared The research and development of electrostatic scans that could possibly save lives and locate or describe evidence as never before The growing availability of new measurement techniques that can improve evidence testimony The use of personal experimentation to support conclusions or confirm that which is otherwise considered fact Making use of logic and science to question our approach to impression evidence, this volume begins with simple ideas and basic notions and uses these building blocks to suggest and consider potentially controversial changes in the way evidence is located, interpreted, compared, and presented.

Designing Case Studies

Designing Case Studies

Explanatory Approaches in Small-N Research

  • Author: J. Blatter,M. Haverland
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137016663
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 262
  • View: 6758
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The authors explore three ways of conducting causal analysis in case studies. They draw on established practices as well as on recent innovations in case study methodology and integrate these insights into coherent approaches. They highlight the core features of each approach and provide advice on each step of the research process.

Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

  • Author: Rama S. Singh,Jianping Xu,Rob J. Kulathinal
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199642273
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 8913
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Provides a comprehensive and topical overview of our current understanding of the rates of evolution in biological systems. It includes case studies that exemplify rapid evolution, and showcases the diversity of rapidly evolving genes and genetic systems.

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Thought, Policy, and Practice

  • Author: Mary Maguire,Dan Okada
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1483350614
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 488
  • View: 1371
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A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

Decanter Centrifuge Handbook

Decanter Centrifuge Handbook

  • Author: Alan Records,Ken Sutherland
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 9781856173698
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 421
  • View: 5621
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Scope of Publication A reference work for process designers and users of decanters, this book aims to bridge the information gap in this field - that between academic theory promoted in student textbooks and case study data in manufacturers sales literature. Design It includes information on design and specification, preparing the reader to select and correctly size equipment. Purchase As a design or project engineer working with vendors to make final equipment selection, this work provides the readers with the full facts before they start talking to product vendors. Supply In an environment of industry consolidation, the handbook allows you to track suppliers old and new, providing a basis on which users can find the new relevant company for the parts/service he/she wishes to purchase. Operation Once an equipment purchase is made, the user needs to be made aware of how to optimally operate decanters. The Decanter Centrifuge Handbook covers relevant (process) operating issues such as instrumentation and control and the use of flocculents.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

  • Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444355074
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 576
  • View: 3431
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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars

Auguste Laurent and the Prehistory of Valence

Auguste Laurent and the Prehistory of Valence

  • Author: Mary Eunice Novitski
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9783718652358
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 147
  • View: 2654
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This study focuses on the French chemists of 1830-1858, and their roles in the development of organic chemistry and its eventual connectin with atomic and valence-bond theory, and uncovers new complexities in the thought processes that led to the concept of valence. The exploration of Laurent's early career reveals that this French chemist had proposed a hyposthesis to explain phenomena due to valence fifteen years before August Kekule's Exposition of the classic valence-bond theory in 1858. Laurent put forward a hypothesis supposing the dividibility of atoms at a time when such a theory was far removed from the possiblity of experimentation. Within the positivist philosophy which prevailed at the time, few besides him would have dared to advance such a hypothesis. Laurent's hypothesis influenced certain advances in his chemistry, and that of his close associate, Charles Gerhardt, and eventually these advances helped turn most chemists to atomism.

Economic Sociology

Economic Sociology

A Systematic Inquiry

  • Author: Alejandro Portes
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400835178
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6791
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The sociological study of economic activity has witnessed a significant resurgence. Recent texts have chronicled economic sociology's nineteenth-century origins while pointing to the importance of context and power in economic life, yet the field lacks a clear understanding of the role that concepts at different levels of abstraction play in its organization. Economic Sociology fills this critical gap by surveying the current state of the field while advancing a framework for further theoretical development. Alejandro Portes examines economic sociology's principal assumptions, key explanatory concepts, and selected research sites. He argues that economic activity is embedded in social and cultural relations, but also that power and the unintended consequences of rational purposive action must be factored in when seeking to explain or predict economic behavior. Drawing upon a wealth of examples, Portes identifies three strategic sites of research--the informal economy, ethnic enclaves, and transnational communities--and he eschews grand narratives in favor of mid-range theories that help us understand specific kinds of social action. The book shows how the meta-assumptions of economic sociology can be transformed, under certain conditions, into testable propositions, and puts forward a theoretical agenda aimed at moving the field out of its present impasse.

3D User Interfaces

3D User Interfaces

Theory and Practice, CourseSmart eTextbook

  • Author: Doug Bowman,Ernst Kruijff,Joseph J. LaViola Jr.,Ivan P. Poupyrev
  • Publisher: Addison-Wesley
  • ISBN: 013339056X
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 507
  • View: 8218
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Here’s what three pioneers in computer graphics and human-computer interaction have to say about this book: “What a tour de force—everything one would want—comprehensive, encyclopedic, and authoritative.” —Jim Foley “At last, a book on this important, emerging area. It will be an indispensable reference for the practitioner, researcher, and student interested in 3D user interfaces.” —Andy van Dam “Finally, the book we need to bridge the dream of 3D graphics with the user-centered reality of interface design. A thoughtful and practical guide for researchers and product developers. Thorough review, great examples.” —Ben Shneiderman As 3D technology becomes available for a wide range of applications, its successful deployment will require well-designed user interfaces (UIs). Specifically, software and hardware developers will need to understand the interaction principles and techniques peculiar to a 3D environment. This understanding, of course, builds on usability experience with 2D UIs. But it also involves new and unique challenges and opportunities. Discussing all relevant aspects of interaction, enhanced by instructive examples and guidelines, 3D User Interfaces comprises a single source for the latest theory and practice of 3D UIs. Many people already have seen 3D UIs in computer-aided design, radiation therapy, surgical simulation, data visualization, and virtual-reality entertainment. The next generation of computer games, mobile devices, and desktop applications also will feature 3D interaction. The authors of this book, each at the forefront of research and development in the young and dynamic field of 3D UIs, show how to produce usable 3D applications that deliver on their enormous promise. Coverage includes: The psychology and human factors of various 3D interaction tasks Different approaches for evaluating 3D UIs Results from empirical studies of 3D interaction techniques Principles for choosing appropriate input and output devices for 3D systems Details and tips on implementing common 3D interaction techniques Guidelines for selecting the most effective interaction techniques for common 3D tasks Case studies of 3D UIs in real-world applications To help you keep pace with this fast-evolving field, the book’s Web site, www.3dui.org, will offer information and links to the latest 3D UI research and applications.

Beyond Science

Beyond Science

The Wider Human Context

  • Author: John Polkinghorne
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521625081
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 131
  • View: 2155
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John Polkinghorne examines the nature of scientific inquiry itself and the human context in which science operates.