Search Results for "utilitarianism-oxford-philosophical-texts"

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism

  • Author: John Stuart Mill,Roger Crisp
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 9780198751632
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 157
  • View: 5517
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Introduction to one of the most important, controversial, and suggestive works of moral philosophy ever written.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism

  • Author: Fellow and Tutor in Philosophy Roger Crisp,Roger Crisp
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134837240
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7828
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Mill was one of the most important British philosophers of the nineteenth century; his Utilitarianism is a pivotal work in ethical thought. This book, written specifically for students coming to Mill - and perhaps philosophy - for the first time, will be an ideal guide. Mill on Utilitarianism introduces and assesses: * Mill's life and the background of Utilitarianism * the ideas and text of Utilitarianism * the continuing importance of Mill's work to philosophy This is the first book dedicated to Utilitarianism itself. Concisely written and engaging, it is perfect reading for those studying Mill or moral philosophy.

The Fundamentals of Bioethics: Legal Perspectives and Ethical Aproches

The Fundamentals of Bioethics: Legal Perspectives and Ethical Aproches

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Scaria Kanniyakonil
  • ISBN: 9788188456284
  • Category: Bioethics
  • Page: 366
  • View: 6385
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On Virtue Ethics

On Virtue Ethics

  • Author: Rosalind Hursthouse
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198238185
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 275
  • View: 6999
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Virtue ethics is perhaps the most important development within late 20th-century moral philosophy. Rosalind Hursthouse presents an exposition and defence of her neo-Aristotelian version of virtue ethics.

Utilitarismus

Utilitarismus

  • Author: John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783787317905
  • Category: Utilitarianism
  • Page: 117
  • View: 3462
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On Liberty, Utilitarianism and Other Essays

On Liberty, Utilitarianism and Other Essays

  • Author: John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0199670803
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 547
  • View: 1693
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Previous edition: published as On liberty and other essays. 1991.

Denken

Denken

Die großen Fragen der Philosophie

  • Author: Simon Blackburn
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783863120511
  • Category:
  • Page: 260
  • View: 2948
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Effektiver Altruismus

Effektiver Altruismus

Eine Anleitung zum ethischen Leben

  • Author: Peter Singer
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518745131
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 250
  • View: 9108
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Wir alle haben schon gespendet. Doch geht es uns dabei wirklich um die Hilfe für andere? Oder wollen wir eher unser Gewissen beruhigen, ein wohliges Gefühl verspüren oder spendabel wirken? Millionäre lassen Kunstmuseen errichten, statt Verhungernden zu helfen, und Normalbürger geben Beträge, die nicht einmal die Bearbeitungsgebühren decken. Wer dagegen so viel Gutes wie möglich tun will, sollte besser auf seinen Verstand hören als auf seinen Bauch. Diese simple Idee ist Ausgangspunkt einer neuen sozialen Bewegung – des effektiven Altruismus. Peter Singer, einer ihrer Gründerväter, zeigt in seinem Buch, wie effektives Spenden möglich und warum es richtig ist. Gestützt auf harte Fakten und neue wissenschaftliche Methoden, können wir heute in vielen Fällen sagen, welcher gute Zweck der bessere ist. Gleiches gilt für die Wahl der Mittel: Auch hier orientieren sich effektive Altruisten daran, was den größten Nutzen verspricht. Um mehr spenden zu können, beschränken sich manche von ihnen auf das Allernötigste, andere geben gar freiwillig einen Teil ihrer selbst, etwa eine Niere. Effektive Altruisten sind aber weder Heilige noch Masochisten: Man darf sie sich als glückliche Menschen vorstellen. Singers Buch ist ein Aufruf zu einem in doppelter Hinsicht gelungenen Leben: Indem man für andere das Bestmögliche tut, gibt man dem eigenen Leben Sinn.

Understanding Utilitarianism

Understanding Utilitarianism

  • Author: Tim Mulgan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317493400
  • Category: History
  • Page: 200
  • View: 6578
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Utilitarianism - a philosophy based on the principle of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people - has been hugely influential over the past two centuries. Beyond ethics or morality, utilitarian assumptions and arguments abound in modern economic and political life, especially in public policy. An understanding of utilitarianism is indeed essential to any understanding of contemporary society. "Understanding Utilitarianism" presents utilitarianism very much as a living tradition. The book begins with a summary of the classical utilitarianism of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Subsequent chapters trace the development of the central themes of utilitarian thought over the twentieth century, covering such questions as: What is happiness? Is happiness the only valuable thing? Is utilitarianism about acts or rules or institutions? Is utilitarianism unjust, or implausibly demanding, or impractical? and Where might utilitarianism go in the future?

Willensfreiheit und Wissenschaft

Willensfreiheit und Wissenschaft

Ein Dialog

  • Author: Alfred R. Mele
  • Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
  • ISBN: 3518754564
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 162
  • View: 4146
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Ist unser Denken und Handeln so frei, wie wir für gewöhnlich glauben? Diese alte Frage beschäftigt und verwirrt Philosophen wie Laien und seit einiger Zeit auch die Naturwissenschaft. Nun bringt uns der renommierte Philosoph Alfred R. Mele das Problem auf neue und unterhaltsame Art näher: in Form eines Gesprächs unter Studierenden. Nach und nach zeigt sich darin, was wir unter Willensfreiheit verstehen sollten und wie den Herausforderungen insbesondere von Hirnforschern und Psychologen wie Benjamin Libet oder Stanley Milgram begegnet werden kann. Eine perfekte Einführung in die Willensfreiheitsdebatte und die damit verbundenen Grundfragen der Philosophie.

Meisterdenker: Kant

Meisterdenker: Kant

1724 - 1804

  • Author: Roger Scruton
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783926642431
  • Category:
  • Page: 140
  • View: 6409
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Ethik für Dummies

Ethik für Dummies

  • Author: Christopher Panza,Adam Potthast
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 3527707107
  • Category: Ethics
  • Page: 324
  • View: 4597
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Was ist der Unterschied zwischen richtig und falsch? Was sagten Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill und Thomas Hobbes zu diesem Thema? Christopher Panza und Adam Potthast helfen Ihnen, sich diesen einfachen Fragen mit den furchtbar komplizierten Antworten zu nähern. Sie erklären, wie sich Wissenschaft und Religion zur Ethik verhalten, was es mit der Goldenen Regel auf sich hat und vieles mehr. So ist dieses Buch der perfekte Begleiter für Sie, wenn Sie sich systematisch der Ethik und den daraus entstehenden Fragen nähern wollen.

Contemporary Political Philosophy

Contemporary Political Philosophy

An Introduction

  • Author: Will Kymlicka
  • Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0198782748
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 497
  • View: 5081
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"This new edition of Will Kymlicka's best selling critical introduction to contemporary political theory has been fully revised to include many of the most significant developments in Anglo-American political philosophy in the last 11 years, particularly the new debates on political liberalism, deliberative democracy, civic republicanism, nationalism, and cultural pluralism." "The book now includes two new chapters on citizenship theory and multiculturalism, in addition to updated chapters on utilitarianism, liberal egalitarianism, libertarianism, Marxism, communitarianism, and feminism. Extended guides to further reading have been added at the end of each chapter, listing the most important books and articles on each school of thought, as well as relevant journals and web sites."--BOOK JACKET.

Die hellenistischen Philosophen

Die hellenistischen Philosophen

Texte und Kommentare

  • Author: Anthony A. Long,D. N. Sedley
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783476021748
  • Category:
  • Page: 622
  • View: 6817
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On Liberty and Other Essays

On Liberty and Other Essays

  • Author: John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191611085
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 640
  • View: 4980
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Collected here in a single volume for the first time, On Liberty, Utilitarianism, Considerations on Representative Government, and The Subjection of Women show Mill applying his liberal utilitarian philosophy to a range of issues that remain vital today - issues of the nature of ethics, the scope and limits of individual liberty, the merits of and costs of democratic government, and the place of women in society. In his Introduction John Gray describes these essays as applications of Mill's doctrine of the Art of Life, as set out in A System of Logic. Using the resources of recent revisionist scholarship, he shows Mill's work to be far richer and subtler than traditional interpretations allow. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Eine Träne und ein Lächeln

Eine Träne und ein Lächeln

  • Author: Ǧibrān Ḫalīl Ǧibrān
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783491507111
  • Category:
  • Page: 265
  • View: 1304
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Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism

  • Author: Tom Patrick
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 135135177X
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6480
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John Stuart Mill's 1861 Utilitarianism remains one of the most widely known and influential works of moral philosophy ever written. It is also a model of critical thinking - one in which Mill's reasoning and interpretation skills are used to create a well-structured, watertight, persuasive argument for his position on core questions in ethics. The central question, for Mill, was to decide upon a valid definition of right and wrong, and reason out his moral theory from there. Laying down valid, defensible definitions is a crucial aspect of good interpretative thinking, and Mill gets his in as early as possible. Actions are good, he suggests, if they increase happiness, and bad if they reduce happiness. But, vitally, it is not our own happiness that matters, but the total happiness of all those affected by a given action. From this interpretation of moral good, Mill is able to systematically reason out a coherent framework for calculating and judging overall happiness, while considering different kinds and qualities of happiness. Like any good example of reasoning, Mill's argument consistently takes account of possible objections, building them into the structure of the book in order to acknowledge and counter them as he goes.

Praktische Ethik

Praktische Ethik

  • Author: Peter Singer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783150189191
  • Category: Ethics
  • Page: 564
  • View: 6707
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Der Begriff des Rechts

Der Begriff des Rechts

  • Author: Herbert L. A. Hart
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783518296097
  • Category: Jurisprudence
  • Page: 395
  • View: 6889
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Civilization and Oppression

Civilization and Oppression

  • Author: Catherine Wilson
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Oppression (Psychology)
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4454
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This distinctive collection of essays explores the relationship between the growth and development of civilisation and the forms of social and political oppression that civilisation permits and encourages as well as the forms of oppression that civilised societies unmask and seek to relieve. It offers fresh insights into the thought of political philosophers, including Locke, Montesquieu, Marx, Kant, Mill, and Rawls as well as the postmodernist response of Foucault and his successors to the fact of the domination of human by human.