Search Results for "waves-mit-press-essential-knowledge"

Waves

Waves

  • Author: Fredric Raichlen
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262304961
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 5322
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Sitting on the beach on a sunny summer day, we enjoy the steady advance and retreat of the waves. In the water, enthusiastic waders jump and shriek with pleasure when a wave hits them. But where do these waves come from? How are they formed and why do they break on the shore? In Waves, Fredric Raichlen traces the evolution of waves, from their generation in the deep ocean to their effects on the coast. He explains, in a way that is readily understandable to nonscientists, both the science of waves themselves and the technology that can be used to protect us against their more extreme forms, including hurricanes and tsunamis. After offering a basic definition of waves and explaining the mechanics of wind-wave generation, Raichlen describes how waves travel, how they shoal (rise), how they break, and how they transform in other ways. He goes on to describe, among other things, the complicated sun-Earth-moon combinations that create astronomical tides (the high and low tides that occur daily and predictably); the effects of waves on the beach, including rip currents and beach erosion, and on harbors and shipping; and the building of breakwaters to protect harbors and bays. He discusses hurricanes, storm surges, and hurricane-generated waves. He offers a brief history of tsunamis, including Sumatra's in 2004 and Japan's in 2011, and explains the mechanisms that generate them (including earthquakes, landslides, and volcanoes). Waves can be little ripples that lap peacefully at the shore or monstrous tsunamis that destroy everything in their paths. Describing the science underlying this astonishing variety, Waves offers a different kind of beach reading.

Waves and Forms

Waves and Forms

Electronic Music Devices and Computer Encodings in China

  • Author: Basile Zimmermann
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262029057
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 8376
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An examination of the relationship between technical objects and culture in contemporary China, drawing on concepts from science and technology studies.

Waves and beaches

Waves and beaches

the dynamics of the ocean surface

  • Author: Willard Bascom
  • Publisher: Anchor Books
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 366
  • View: 956
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Cylindrical Antennas and Arrays

Cylindrical Antennas and Arrays

  • Author: Ronold W. P. King,George J. Fikioris,Richard B. Mack
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521017862
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 652
  • View: 2008
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Cylindrical arrays lie at the heart of the antenna systems of most major radio communication systems, including broadcasting networks, cellular phone systems and radar. Here, the authors present practical theoretical methods for determining current distributions, input admittances and field patterns of a wide variety of cylindrical antennas. Key chapters cover analysis of horizontal antennas over, on and in the earth and sea; large resonant arrays of electrically short dipoles; and the theory and techniques of experimental measurement. Written by three of the leading engineers in the field, this reference is based on research carried out at Harvard over the last 40 years.

The Internet of Things

The Internet of Things

  • Author: Samuel Greengard
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262527731
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 232
  • View: 1998
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A guided tour through the Internet of Things, a networked world of connected devices, objects, and people that is changing the way we live and work.

Gravity's Kiss

Gravity's Kiss

The Detection of Gravitational Waves

  • Author: Harry Collins
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262036185
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 9130
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A fascinating account, written in real time, of the unfolding of a scientific discovery: the first detection of gravitational waves.

The Book

The Book

  • Author: Amaranth Borsuk
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262346893
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 344
  • View: 9125
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The book as object, as content, as idea, as interface. What is the book in a digital age? Is it a physical object containing pages encased in covers? Is it a portable device that gives us access to entire libraries? The codex, the book as bound paper sheets, emerged around 150 CE. It was preceded by clay tablets and papyrus scrolls. Are those books? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Amaranth Borsuk considers the history of the book, the future of the book, and the idea of the book. Tracing the interrelationship of form and content in the book's development, she bridges book history, book arts, and electronic literature to expand our definition of an object we thought we knew intimately. Contrary to the many reports of its death (which has been blamed at various times on newspapers, television, and e-readers), the book is alive. Despite nostalgic paeans to the codex and its printed pages, Borsuk reminds us, the term “book” commonly refers to both medium and content. And the medium has proved to be malleable. Rather than pinning our notion of the book to a single form, Borsuk argues, we should remember its long history of transformation. Considering the book as object, content, idea, and interface, she shows that the physical form of the book has always been the site of experimentation and play. Rather than creating a false dichotomy between print and digital media, we should appreciate their continuities.

Plasma Physics for Controlled Fusion

Plasma Physics for Controlled Fusion

  • Author: Kenro Miyamoto
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 3662497816
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 495
  • View: 5437
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This new edition presents the essential theoretical and analytical methods needed to understand the recent fusion research of tokamak and alternate approaches. The author describes magnetohydrodynamic and kinetic theories of cold and hot plasmas in detail. The book covers new important topics for fusion studies such as plasma transport by drift turbulence, which depend on the magnetic configuration and zonal flows. These are universal phenomena of microturbulence. They can modify the onset criterion for turbulent transport, instabilities driven by energetic particles as well as alpha particle generation and typical plasma models for computer simulation. The fusion research of tokamaks with various new versions of H modes are explained. The design concept of ITER, the international tokamak experimental reactor, is described for inductively driven operations as well as steady-state operations using non-inductive drives. Alternative approaches of reversed-field pinch and its relaxation process, stellator including quasi-symmetric system, open-end system of tandem mirror and inertial confinement are also explained. Newly added and updated topics in this second edition include zonal flows, various versions of H modes, and steady-state operations of tokamak, the design concept of ITER, the relaxation process of RFP, quasi-symmetric stellator, and tandem mirror. The book addresses graduate students and researchers in the field of controlled fusion.

Almost All about Waves

Almost All about Waves

  • Author: John R. Pierce
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 213
  • View: 2126
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This text considers waves the great unifying concept of physics, employing minimal mathematics to explore behavior common to earthquake waves, ocean waves, sound waves, and mechanical waves. 1974 edition.

Atlas of Knowledge

Atlas of Knowledge

Anyone Can Map

  • Author: Katy Börner
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262028816
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 224
  • View: 4941
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The power of mapping: principles for visualizing knowledge, illustrated by many stunning large-scale, full-color maps.

Wind Waves

Wind Waves

Their Generation and Propagation on the Ocean Surface

  • Author: Blair Kinsman
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 9780486495118
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 676
  • View: 9191
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Looks at wave theory, covering such topics as the nature of waves and wave processes, methods of measurement, and classifications.

The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering

The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering

Mastering Complexity

  • Author: Sanjoy Mahajan
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262526549
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 408
  • View: 4430
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In this book, Sanjoy Mahajan shows us that the way to master complexity is through insight rather than precision. Precision can overwhelm us with information, whereas insight connects seemingly disparate pieces of information into a simple picture. Unlike computers, humans depend on insight. Based on the author's fifteen years of teaching at MIT, Cambridge University, and Olin College, The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering shows us how to build insight and find understanding, giving readers tools to help them solve any problem in science and engineering.To master complexity, we can organize it or discard it. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering first teaches the tools for organizing complexity, then distinguishes the two paths for discarding complexity: with and without loss of information. Questions and problems throughout the text help readers master and apply these groups of tools. Armed with this three-part toolchest, and without complicated mathematics, readers can estimate the flight range of birds and planes and the strength of chemical bonds, understand the physics of pianos and xylophones, and explain why skies are blue and sunsets are red.The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Vibrations and Waves

Vibrations and Waves

  • Author: A.P. French
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1351989898
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 316
  • View: 2499
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The M.I.T. Introductory Physics Series is the result of a program of careful study, planning, and development that began in 1960. The Education Research Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (formerly the Science Teaching Center) was established to study the process of instruction, aids thereto, and the learning process itself, with special reference to science teaching at the university level. Generous support from a number of foundations provided the means for assembling and maintaining an experienced staff to co-operate with members of the Institute's Physics Department in the examination, improvement, and development of physics curriculum materials for students planning careers in the sciences. After careful analysis of objectives and the problems involved, preliminary versions of textbooks were prepared, tested through classroom use at M.I.T. and other institutions, re-evaluated, rewritten, and tried again. Only then were the final manuscripts undertaken.

The Self-Tracking

The Self-Tracking

  • Author: Gina Neff,Dawn Nafus
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262529122
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 248
  • View: 4465
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What happens when people turn their everyday experience into data: an introduction to the essential ideas and key challenges of self-tracking.

Rogue Waves

Rogue Waves

Anatomy of a Monster

  • Author: Michel Olagnon
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1472944429
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 160
  • View: 556
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Rogue waves remain something of a mystery. Long believed to be a myth or an exaggeration, they haven't been the subject of any kind of serious in-depth research - until now. This book makes rigorous marine science accessible to all, exploring the causes and frequency of rogue waves, and the reasons why some waves become killer monsters. With anecdotes, historical reports and objective analysis, all illustrated with evocative and rare photographs, Michel Olagnon's groundbreaking book is a definitive contribution to our understanding of this much-feared phenomenon. Amongst other questions in the book, he examines: - How are rogue waves created? - How do they live and die? - Are there different types? - Do they appear from nowhere? - Can ships and boats cope with them? - What lessons can be learned from past encounters? - Will meteorologists be able to provide warnings? Authoritative but highly readable, this is a fascinating and unique study into rogue waves, offering insights for all readers, but crucial advice for those who might encounter this dangerous phenomenon at sea.

Gravity's Shadow

Gravity's Shadow

The Search for Gravitational Waves

  • Author: Harry Collins
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226113795
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 864
  • View: 9157
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According to the theory of relativity, we are constantly bathed in gravitational radiation. When stars explode or collide, a portion of their mass becomes energy that disturbs the very fabric of the space-time continuum like ripples in a pond. But proving the existence of these waves has been difficult; the cosmic shudders are so weak that only the most sensitive instruments can be expected to observe them directly. Fifteen times during the last thirty years scientists have claimed to have detected gravitational waves, but so far none of those claims have survived the scrutiny of the scientific community. Gravity's Shadow chronicles the forty-year effort to detect gravitational waves, while exploring the meaning of scientific knowledge and the nature of expertise. Gravitational wave detection involves recording the collisions, explosions, and trembling of stars and black holes by evaluating the smallest changes ever measured. Because gravitational waves are so faint, their detection will come not in an exuberant moment of discovery but through a chain of inference; for forty years, scientists have debated whether there is anything to detect and whether it has yet been detected. Sociologist Harry Collins has been tracking the progress of this research since 1972, interviewing key scientists and delineating the social process of the science of gravitational waves. Engagingly written and authoritatively comprehensive, Gravity's Shadow explores the people, institutions, and government organizations involved in the detection of gravitational waves. This sociological history will prove essential not only to sociologists and historians of science but to scientists themselves.

Design, When Everybody Designs

Design, When Everybody Designs

An Introduction to Design for Social Innovation

  • Author: Ezio Manzini,Rachel Coad
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 026232864X
  • Category: Design
  • Page: 256
  • View: 2129
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In a changing world everyone designs: each individual person and each collective subject, from enterprises to institutions, from communities to cities and regions, must define and enhance a life project. Sometimes these projects generate unprecedented solutions; sometimes they converge on common goals and realize larger transformations. As Ezio Manzini describes in this book, we are witnessing a wave of social innovations as these changes unfold -- an expansive open co-design process in which new solutions are suggested and new meanings are created. Manzini distinguishes between diffuse design (performed by everybody) and expert design (performed by those who have been trained as designers) and describes how they interact. He maps what design experts can do to trigger and support meaningful social changes, focusing on emerging forms of collaboration. These range from community-supported agriculture in China to digital platforms for medical care in Canada; from interactive storytelling in India to collaborative housing in Milan. These cases illustrate how expert designers can support these collaborations -- making their existence more probable, their practice easier, their diffusion and their convergence in larger projects more effective. Manzini draws the first comprehensive picture of design for social innovation: the most dynamic field of action for both expert and nonexpert designers in the coming decades.

The Science of Ocean Waves

The Science of Ocean Waves

Ripples, Tsunamis, and Stormy Seas

  • Author: J. B. Zirker
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 1421410788
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 248
  • View: 7495
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"Powerful ocean waves fascinate the public, and they have made a lot of news lately." With that indisputable observation, scientist J. B. Zirker takes off on a whirlwind tour of the world of waves—from the "ordinary" waves that constantly churn the sea to the rogues or freaks that can rise up seemingly from nowhere to heights of 20 meters or more... and everything in between. Addressing questions most ocean visitors have had and offering new ones for our consideration, The Science of Ocean Waves explains in accessible language how waves are formed, how they move, how they become huge and destructive, and how they're being studied now for clues that will help us plan for the future. Devoting chapters to wind, tides, currents, breakers, tsunamis, forecasting, renewable energy, and El Niño—as well as discussing the gentler properties of ocean waves which inspire us and offer opportunities for relaxation and recreation—Zirker explores the physical factors that create waves. Drawing on some of the recent storms that have devastated entire regions—such as Hurricane Katrina, the tsunami launched by the 2004 Sumatran earthquake, and the great tsunami that crushed the shore of Japan in 2011—Zirker explains the forces that cause these monster waves and reveals the toll they take on human lives. Enhanced by dozens of illustrations and a comprehensive glossary, The Science of Ocean Waves will fascinate anyone curious about the science behind the headlines. Praise for J. B. Zirker "Scientists know their stuff but are rarely good storytellers, whereas good storytellers rarely possess the necessary sweeping command of a scientific discipline. Zirker is that rare animal who can both communicate the most demanding technical detail and make it accessible."— New Scientist

Marine Hydrodynamics

Marine Hydrodynamics

  • Author: J. N. Newman,John Grue
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262344998
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 448
  • View: 3662
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The applications of hydrodynamics to naval architecture and marine engineering expanded dramatically in the 1960s and 1970s. This classic textbook, originally published in 1977, filled the need for a single volume on the applications of hydrodynamics to marine problems. The book is solidly based on fundamentals, but it also guides the student to an understanding of engineering applications through its consideration of realistic configurations. The book takes a balanced approach between theory and empirics, providing the necessary theoretical background for an intelligent evaluation and application of empirical procedures. It also serves as an introduction to more specialized research methods. It unifies the seemingly diverse problems of marine hydrodynamics by examining them not as separate problems but as related applications of the general field of hydrodynamics. The book evolved from a first-year graduate course in MIT's Department of Ocean Engineering. A knowledge of advanced calculus is assumed. Students will find a previous introductory course in fluid dynamics helpful, but the book presents the necessary fundamentals in a self-contained manner. The 40th anniversary of this pioneering book offers a foreword by John Grue. Contents Model Testing • The Motion of a Viscous Fluid • The Motion of an Ideal Fluid • Lifting Surfaces • Waves and Wave Effects • Hydrodynamics of Slender Bodies

Electromagnetic Vibrations, Waves, and Radiation

Electromagnetic Vibrations, Waves, and Radiation

  • Author: George Bekefi,Alan Hildreth Barrett
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262520478
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 664
  • View: 9900
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The book describes the features that vibrations and waves of all sorts have in commonand includes examples of mechanical, acoustical, and optical manifestations of these phenomena thatunite various parts of physics. The main emphasis, however, is on the oscillatory aspects of theelectromagnetic field—that is, on the vibrations, waves, radiation, and the interaction ofelectromagnetic waves with matter.