Search Results for "why-nations-cooperate"

Why Nations Cooperate

Why Nations Cooperate

Circumstance and Choice in International Relations

  • Author: Arthur A. Stein
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801497810
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 9100
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Economic Incentives and Bilateral Cooperation

Economic Incentives and Bilateral Cooperation

  • Author: William J. Long
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472107476
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 151
  • View: 3877
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Explores how economic incentives can be used in foreign policy.

Managing Internet-driven Change in International Telecommunications

Managing Internet-driven Change in International Telecommunications

  • Author: Rob Frieden
  • Publisher: Artech House
  • ISBN: 1580530192
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 480
  • View: 1912
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This resource offers a road map for tracking developments and trends in both international telecommunications and Internet-mediated communications. It explores the impact of the Internet on international telecommunications and gives a clear definition of technological and marketplace convergence.

The Realism Reader

The Realism Reader

  • Author: Colin Elman,Michael Jensen
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317937120
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 550
  • View: 5747
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The Realism Reader provides broad coverage of a centrally important tradition in the study of foreign policy and international politics. After some years in the doldrums, political realism is again in contention as a leading tradition in the international relations sub-field. Divided into three main sections, the book covers seven different and distinctive approaches within the realist tradition: classical realism, balance of power theory, neorealism, defensive structural realism, offensive structural realism, rise and fall realism, and neoclassical realism. The middle section of the volume covers realism’s engagement with critiques levelled by liberalism, institutionalism, and constructivism and the English School. The final section of the book provides materials on realism’s engagement with some contemporary issues in international politics, with collections on United States (U.S.) hegemony, European cooperation, and whether future threats will arise from non-state actors or the rise of competing great powers. The book offers a logically coherent and manageable framework for organizing the realist canon, and provides exemplary literature in each of the traditions and dialogues which are included in the volume. Offering substantial commentary and analysis and including enhanced pedagogy to facilitate student learning, The Realism Reader will provide a 'one-stop-shop' for undergraduates and masters students taking a course in contemporary international relations theory, with a particular focus on realism.

Thinking Outside the Box in Multilateral Disarmament and Arms Control Negotiations

Thinking Outside the Box in Multilateral Disarmament and Arms Control Negotiations

  • Author: John Borrie,Vanessa Martin Randin
  • Publisher: United Nations Publications UNIDIR
  • ISBN: 9789290451877
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 254
  • View: 7748
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Success in multilateral disarmament and arms control negotiations has been scarce in recent years. There is need for new approaches--to "think outside the box"--in order to make them work better because continued failure has real human costs. This volume offers new practical tools and perspectives to inform and help the ongoing efforts of multilateral disarmament practitioners, drawing from a range of contributors in civil society, diplomacy, and the policy and research fields. Publishing Agency: United Nations (UN).

Cooperation

Cooperation

A Philosophical Study

  • Author: R. Tuomela
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401595941
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 436
  • View: 703
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In Cooperation, A Philosophical Study, Tuomela offers the first comprehensive philosophical theory of cooperation. He builds on such notions a collective and joint goals, mutual beliefs, collective commitments, acting together and acting collectively. The book analyzes the varieties of cooperation, making use of the crucial distinction between group-mode and individual-mode cooperation. The former is based on collective goals and collective commitments, the latter on private goals and commitments. The book discusses the attitudes and the kinds of practical reasoning that cooperation requires and investigate some of the conditions under which cooperation is likely, rationally, to occur. It also shows some of the drawbacks of the standard game-theoretical treatments of cooperation and presents a survey of cooperation research in neighbouring fields. Readership: Essential reading for researchers and graduate students in philosophy. Also of interest to researchers int he social sciences and AI.

Cooperation under Fire

Cooperation under Fire

Anglo-German Restraint during World War II

  • Author: Jeffrey W. Legro
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801469902
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 5113
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Why do nations cooperate even as they try to destroy each other? Jeffrey Legro explores this question in the context of World War II, the "total" war that in fact wasn't. During the war, combatant states attempted to sustain agreements limiting the use of three forms of combat considered barbarous—submarine attacks against civilian ships, strategic bombing of civilian targets, and chemical warfare. Looking at how these restraints worked or failed to work between such fierce enemies as Hitler's Third Reich and Churchill's Britain, Legro offers a new understanding of the dynamics of World War II and the sources of international cooperation. While traditional explanations of cooperation focus on the relations between actors, Cooperation under Fire examines what warring nations seek and why they seek it—the "preference formation" that undergirds international interaction. Scholars and statesmen debate whether it is the balance of power or the influence of international norms that most directly shapes foreign policy goals. Critically assessing both explanations, Legro argues that it was, rather, the organizational cultures of military bureaucracies—their beliefs and customs in waging war—that decided national priorities for limiting the use of force in World War II. Drawing on documents from Germany, Britain, the United States, and the former Soviet Union, Legro provides a compelling account of how military cultures molded state preferences and affected the success of cooperation. In its clear and cogent analysis, this book has significant implications for the theory and practice of international relations.

Realism

Realism

Restatements and Renewal

  • Author: Benjamin Frankel
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135068216
  • Category: History
  • Page: 472
  • View: 5459
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Realism has been the subject of critical scrutiny for some time and this examination aims to identify and define its strengths and shortcomings, making a contribution to the study of international relations.

Lyndon B. Johnson and the Politics of Arms Sales to Israel

Lyndon B. Johnson and the Politics of Arms Sales to Israel

In the Shadow of the Hawk

  • Author: Abraham Ben-Zvi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135755736
  • Category: History
  • Page: 152
  • View: 7911
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Lyndon B. Johnson and the Politics of Arms Sales to Israel seeks to reconstruct and elucidate the processes behind the decisions made by the Johnson Administration during the years 1965-68 to sell Israel M-48 tanks, A-4 Skyhawk planes and F-4 Phantom planes. This examination is based on a distinction between three factions which competed for influence within Washington's high-policy elite: the traditionalists (whose major representative was Secretary of State Dean Rusk); the pragmatists (whose most outspoken representative was Robert Komer of the National Security Council); and the domestically oriented policymakers (the central decision-maker who quintessentially exemplifies this category being President Johnson). This book is a sequel to John F. Kennedy and the Politics of Arms to Israel, which examined the first arms deal between the US and Israel.

Between Ally and Partner

Between Ally and Partner

Korea-China Relations and the United States

  • Author: Jae Ho Chung
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231511183
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 200
  • View: 4641
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China and South Korea have come a long way since they were adversaries. The arc of their relationship since the late 1970s is an excellent model of East-West cooperation and, at the same time, highlights the growing impact of China's "rise" over its regional neighbors, including America's close allies. South Korea-China relations have rarely been studied as an independent theme. The accumulation of more than fifteen years of research, Between Ally and Partner reconstructs a comprehensive portrait of Sino-Korean rapprochement and examines the strategic dilemma that the rise of China has posed for South Korea and its alliance with the United States. Jae Ho Chung makes use of declassified government archives, internal reports, and opinion surveys and conducts personal interviews with Korean, Chinese, and American officials. He tackles three questions: Why did South Korea and China reconcile before the end of the cold war? How did rapprochement lay the groundwork for diplomatic normalization? And what will the intersection of security concerns and economic necessity with China mean for South Korea's relationship with its close ally, the United States? The implications of Sino-Korean relations go far beyond the Korean Peninsula. South Korea was caught largely unprepared, both strategically and psychologically, by China's rise, and the dilemma that South Korea now faces has crucial ramifications for many countries in Asia, where attempts to counterbalance China have been rare. Thoroughly investigated and clearly presented, this book answers critical questions concerning what kept these two countries talking and how enmity was transformed into a zeal for partnership.

Warum Nationen scheitern

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut

  • Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson
  • Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
  • ISBN: 310402247X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 608
  • View: 3651
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Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

Foreign Aid and Emerging Powers

Foreign Aid and Emerging Powers

Asian Perspectives on Official Development Assistance

  • Author: Iain Watson
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317928334
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 252
  • View: 5472
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Current debates on emerging powers as foreign aid donors often fail to examine the myriad geopolitical, geoeconomic and geocultural tensions that influence policies of Official Development Assistance (ODA). This book advocates a regional geopolitical approach to explaining donor-donor relationships and provides a multidisciplinary critical assessment of the contemporary debates on emerging powers and foreign aid, bringing together economic and geopolitical approaches in the light of the 2015 completion of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Moving away from established debates assessing the advantages and disadvantages of foreign aid, this book challenges the current geopolitical assumptions of the emerging powers concerning issues such as 'south-south' solidarity, shared development experience and 'multipolarity'. It analyses how donor governments 'sell' aid to recipients through enabling different cultural assumptions and soft power narratives of national identity and provides empirical evidence on agendas such as aid effectiveness, aid for trade, public-private partnerships, and green growth aid. The book examines the role of, and relationships between, the leading traditional and emerging power Asian donors specifically, and explores the different and contested perspectives and patterns of ODA policy through an alternative account of emerging power foreign aid to leading African and Asian recipients. This book provides a valuable resource for postgraduate students and practitioners across disciplines such as development economics and geopolitics of development, uniquely approaching the debate from the perspective of emerging powers and donors.

Norms in International Relations

Norms in International Relations

The Struggle Against Apartheid

  • Author: Audie Klotz
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801486036
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 183
  • View: 9108
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The author explores why a large number of international organizations adopted sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa despite strategic and economic interests that had fostered strong ties with it in the past. She argues that the emergence of the norm of racial equality is the reason.

International Cooperation and Public Goods

International Cooperation and Public Goods

Opportunities for the Western Alliance

  • Author: Mark A. Boyer
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 6473
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In Contemporary international affairs, security is not a one-dimensional concept. Nations define security across economic, military, political, and even social boundaries. In International Cooperation and Public Goods, Mark Boyer broadens the understanding of security beyond military capability and shows how economic and political power enter into the balance, especially in the case of advanced industrialized nations. In contrast to the theorists who insist that U.S. military efforts are providing the Eastern allies with a "free ride," Boyer reaches dramatically different conclusions regarding the nature of alliance burden sharing, the efficiency of security provision, and the future of allied cooperation as American hegemony declines. Focusing on "trade" in public goods and on the Ricardian theory of comparative advantage, he demonstrates that nations specialize in the production of alliance goods - economic, political, or military - for which they possess advantages over other nations.

Partners or competitors?

Partners or competitors?

the prospects for U.S.-European cooperation on Asian trade

  • Author: Richard H. Steinberg,Bruce Stokes,Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy,Council on Foreign Relations
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 265
  • View: 2079
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The ongoing Asian financial crisis has graphically demonstrated the shared Western stake in the Asian economy as the United States and Europe face falling exports to Asia and rising imports from the region. Partners or Competitors? provides the first blueprint for transatlantic teamwork in the Pacific at this critical juncture. The authors provide cogent analyses of a range of important cases, from electronic commerce to autos, from anti-trust policy to the protection of intellectual property. Tracing the history of self-defeating competition in the region, they explore both the opportunities and limitations of collaboration in today's rapidly evolving international trade environment.

Principles of International Politics

Principles of International Politics

  • Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1452202982
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 566
  • View: 5361
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Renowned scholar Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations and transformed the field, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition based on extensive reviewer feedback and guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever before, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Bueno de Mesquita's commitment to covering the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics and examination are all there: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, an exploration of the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations, international law, and the global environment. The first part of the book, "Foundations" offers highly accessible coverage of key concepts, introducing students to different ways to think about the national interest and showing them how to use game theory and the strategic perspective/selectorate theory to better understand what happens in all aspects of international affairs. This section uses debate over North Korea's nuclear weapons development as an ongoing example to build concepts and build confidence in the student's how of basic modeling ideas. Also covered is a basic, intuitive introduction to game theory and other evidence and logic based tools for analyzing international relations. Part II, "War," next provides a more thorough evaluation of how domestic political incentives and the domestic institutions of governance shape choices about conflict initiation, escalation, and termination. It also surveys major theories of war and conflict, working through hypotheses derived from constructivism, neo-realism, liberalism and selectorate theory and evaluating them against the evidence to see what actually works and what doesn't. Chapters in Part III, "Peace," build on the logic of collective action to help students see why it is so difficult to get national governments to do "what is right" even when they can agree on what is right, with chapters covering the effectiveness of international organizations and international law, as well as a thorough evaluation of environmental issues, human rights enforcement and the domestic and the international political economy of trade. Part IV, "World Order" emphasizes efforts to promote the spread of democracy and economic prosperity. It also addresses how to understand and deal with terrorism. Whether examining terrorism, the spread of democracy or the alleviation of poverty, chapters in this section carefully examine which strategies work, which do not, and why. The Arab Spring provides a useful ongoing example of the strengths and weaknesses of foreign aid policy and military intervention policies. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn how to mobilize the key concepts and models themselves-thus develop a new method for thinking about world affairs. More than ever before, Principles provides a comprehensive evaluation of all aspects of international affairs, systematically compares the accuracy of competing approaches to international relations, and walks students through the simple, intuitive models and games that capture the essence of the strategic, selectorate viewpoint.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

  • Author: Yuval Noah Harari
  • Publisher: DVA
  • ISBN: 364110498X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 528
  • View: 3194
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Between Discord and Cooperation

Between Discord and Cooperation

Japan and the Two Koreas

  • Author: Byung Chul Koh
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Corée du Nord
  • Page: 551
  • View: 5872
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How Japan interacts with the two Koreas has implications not only for the three countries concerned but also for the peace and stability of the region and beyond.. All three countries are important players in the world arena: Japan has the second largest economy in the world; South Korea, with the 11th largest GOP, is also a powerhouse in the global marketplace; North Korea, with its ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons capability, poses a palpable threat to the security of Tokyo, Seoul, and their common ally, Washington.

Profits for All?

Profits for All?

The Cost and Benefits of Employee Ownership

  • Author: Agustin J. Ros
  • Publisher: Nova Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781590330616
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 158
  • View: 2695
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Profits for All? - The Cost & Benefits of Employee Ownership

Cognition, Computing, and Cooperation

Cognition, Computing, and Cooperation

  • Author: Scott P. Robertson,Wayne Zachary,John Benjamin Black
  • Publisher: Intellect Books
  • ISBN: 9780893915360
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 424
  • View: 3645
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Presenting studies of human cognition in situations that involve co-operation, expecially situations involving human-computer interaction, this volume aims to find a common thread. The concept sought is one that underlies co-operative behaviour and that is apparent in studies of human cognition, analyses of co-operative systems, and designs of distributed computing systems.