Search Results for "why-nations-cooperate"

Why Nations Cooperate

Why Nations Cooperate

Circumstance and Choice in International Relations

  • Author: Arthur A. Stein
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801497810
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 2667
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Why Nations Fail

Why Nations Fail

The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

  • Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson
  • Publisher: Crown Books
  • ISBN: 0307719227
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 529
  • View: 3603
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions. Reprint.

Why Cooperate?

Why Cooperate?

The Incentive to Supply Global Public Goods

  • Author: Scott Barrett
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0199211892
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 258
  • View: 9982
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Climate change, nuclear proliferation, and the threat of a global pandemic have the potential to impact each of our lives. Preventing these threats poses a serious global challenge, but ignoring them could have disastrous consequences. How do we engineer institutions to change incentives so that these global public goods are provided?Scott Barrett provides a thought provoking and accessible introduction to the issues surrounding the provision of global public goods. Using a variety of examples to illustrate past successes and failures, he shows how international cooperation, institutional design, and the clever use of incentives can work together to ensure the effective delivery of global public goods.

Economic Incentives and Bilateral Cooperation

Economic Incentives and Bilateral Cooperation

  • Author: William J. Long
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN: 9780472107476
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 151
  • View: 7248
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Explores how economic incentives can be used in foreign policy.

Cooperation under Fire

Cooperation under Fire

Anglo-German Restraint during World War II

  • Author: Jeffrey W. Legro
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 0801469902
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8622
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Why do nations cooperate even as they try to destroy each other? Jeffrey Legro explores this question in the context of World War II, the "total" war that in fact wasn't. During the war, combatant states attempted to sustain agreements limiting the use of three forms of combat considered barbarous—submarine attacks against civilian ships, strategic bombing of civilian targets, and chemical warfare. Looking at how these restraints worked or failed to work between such fierce enemies as Hitler's Third Reich and Churchill's Britain, Legro offers a new understanding of the dynamics of World War II and the sources of international cooperation. While traditional explanations of cooperation focus on the relations between actors, Cooperation under Fire examines what warring nations seek and why they seek it—the "preference formation" that undergirds international interaction. Scholars and statesmen debate whether it is the balance of power or the influence of international norms that most directly shapes foreign policy goals. Critically assessing both explanations, Legro argues that it was, rather, the organizational cultures of military bureaucracies—their beliefs and customs in waging war—that decided national priorities for limiting the use of force in World War II. Drawing on documents from Germany, Britain, the United States, and the former Soviet Union, Legro provides a compelling account of how military cultures molded state preferences and affected the success of cooperation. In its clear and cogent analysis, this book has significant implications for the theory and practice of international relations.

Why We Cooperate

Why We Cooperate

  • Author: Michael Tomasello
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262258498
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 232
  • View: 444
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Drop something in front of a two-year-old, and she's likely to pick it up for you. This is not a learned behavior, psychologist Michael Tomasello argues. Through observations of young children in experiments he himself has designed, Tomasello shows that children are naturally--and uniquely--cooperative. Put through similar experiments, for example, apes demonstrate the ability to work together and share, but choose not to. As children grow, their almost reflexive desire to help--without expectation of reward--becomes shaped by culture. They become more aware of being a member of a group. Groups convey mutual expectations, and thus may either encourage or discourage altruism and collaboration. Either way, cooperation emerges as a distinctly human combination of innate and learned behavior.In Why We Cooperate, Tomasello's studies of young children and great apes help identify the underlying psychological processes that very likely supported humans' earliest forms of complex collaboration and, ultimately, our unique forms of cultural organization, from the evolution of tolerance and trust to the creation of such group-level structures as cultural norms and institutions.Scholars Carol Dweck, Joan Silk, Brian Skyrms, and Elizabeth Spelke respond to Tomasello's findings and explore the implications.

Managing Internet-driven Change in International Telecommunications

Managing Internet-driven Change in International Telecommunications

  • Author: Rob Frieden
  • Publisher: Artech House
  • ISBN: 1580530192
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 480
  • View: 1975
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This resource offers a road map for tracking developments and trends in both international telecommunications and Internet-mediated communications. It explores the impact of the Internet on international telecommunications and gives a clear definition of technological and marketplace convergence.

Strong Borders, Secure Nation

Strong Borders, Secure Nation

Cooperation and Conflict in China's Territorial Disputes

  • Author: M. Taylor Fravel
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400828876
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 5193
DOWNLOAD NOW »
As China emerges as an international economic and military power, the world waits to see how the nation will assert itself globally. Yet, as M. Taylor Fravel shows in Strong Borders, Secure Nation, concerns that China might be prone to violent conflict over territory are overstated. The first comprehensive study of China's territorial disputes, Strong Borders, Secure Nation contends that China over the past sixty years has been more likely to compromise in these conflicts with its Asian neighbors and less likely to use force than many scholars or analysts might expect. By developing theories of cooperation and escalation in territorial disputes, Fravel explains China's willingness to either compromise or use force. When faced with internal threats to regime security, especially ethnic rebellion, China has been willing to offer concessions in exchange for assistance that strengthens the state's control over its territory and people. By contrast, China has used force to halt or reverse decline in its bargaining power in disputes with its militarily most powerful neighbors or in disputes where it has controlled none of the land being contested. Drawing on a rich array of previously unexamined Chinese language sources, Strong Borders, Secure Nation offers a compelling account of China's foreign policy on one of the most volatile issues in international relations.

Gridlock

Gridlock

Why Global Cooperation is Failing when We Need It Most

  • Author: Thomas Hale,David Held,Kevin Young
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 0745670105
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 3360
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The issues that increasingly dominate the 21st century cannot be solved by any single country acting alone, no matter how powerful. To manage the global economy, prevent runaway environmental destruction, reign in nuclear proliferation, or confront other global challenges, we must cooperate. But at the same time, our tools for global policymaking - chiefly state-to-state negotiations over treaties and international institutions - have broken down. The result is gridlock, which manifests across areas via a number of common mechanisms. The rise of new powers representing a more diverse array of interests makes agreement more difficult. The problems themselves have also grown harder as global policy issues penetrate ever more deeply into core domestic concerns. Existing institutions, created for a different world, also lock-in pathological decision-making procedures and render the field ever more complex. All of these processes - in part a function of previous, successful efforts at cooperation - have led global cooperation to fail us even as we need it most. Ranging over the main areas of global concern, from security to the global economy and the environment, this book examines these mechanisms of gridlock and pathways beyond them. It is written in a highly accessible way, making it relevant not only to students of politics and international relations but also to a wider general readership.

The Evolution of Cooperation

The Evolution of Cooperation

Revised Edition

  • Author: Robert Axelrod
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0786734884
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 4572
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Evolution of Cooperation provides valuable insights into the age-old question of whether unforced cooperation is ever possible. Widely praised and much-discussed, this classic book explores how cooperation can emerge in a world of self-seeking egoists-whether superpowers, businesses, or individuals-when there is no central authority to police their actions. The problem of cooperation is central to many different fields. Robert Axelrod recounts the famous computer tournaments in which the "cooperative” program Tit for Tat recorded its stunning victories, explains its application to a broad spectrum of subjects, and suggests how readers can both apply cooperative principles to their own lives and teach cooperative principles to others.

Cooperation Among Nations

Cooperation Among Nations

Europe, America, and Non-tariff Barriers to Trade

  • Author: Joseph M. Grieco
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801496998
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 255
  • View: 3714
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Cooperation

Cooperation

A Philosophical Study

  • Author: R. Tuomela
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401595941
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 436
  • View: 783
DOWNLOAD NOW »
In Cooperation, A Philosophical Study, Tuomela offers the first comprehensive philosophical theory of cooperation. He builds on such notions a collective and joint goals, mutual beliefs, collective commitments, acting together and acting collectively. The book analyzes the varieties of cooperation, making use of the crucial distinction between group-mode and individual-mode cooperation. The former is based on collective goals and collective commitments, the latter on private goals and commitments. The book discusses the attitudes and the kinds of practical reasoning that cooperation requires and investigate some of the conditions under which cooperation is likely, rationally, to occur. It also shows some of the drawbacks of the standard game-theoretical treatments of cooperation and presents a survey of cooperation research in neighbouring fields. Readership: Essential reading for researchers and graduate students in philosophy. Also of interest to researchers int he social sciences and AI.

Rational Theory of International Politics

Rational Theory of International Politics

The Logic of Competition and Cooperation

  • Author: Charles L. Glaser
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400835133
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 328
  • View: 5759
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Within the realist school of international relations, a prevailing view holds that the anarchic structure of the international system invariably forces the great powers to seek security at one another's expense, dooming even peaceful nations to an unrelenting struggle for power and dominance. Rational Theory of International Politics offers a more nuanced alternative to this view, one that provides answers to the most fundamental and pressing questions of international relations. Why do states sometimes compete and wage war while at other times they cooperate and pursue peace? Does competition reflect pressures generated by the anarchic international system or rather states' own expansionist goals? Are the United States and China on a collision course to war, or is continued coexistence possible? Is peace in the Middle East even feasible? Charles Glaser puts forward a major new theory of international politics that identifies three kinds of variables that influence a state's strategy: the state's motives, specifically whether it is motivated by security concerns or "greed"; material variables, which determine its military capabilities; and information variables, most importantly what the state knows about its adversary's motives. Rational Theory of International Politics demonstrates that variation in motives can be key to the choice of strategy; that the international environment sometimes favors cooperation over competition; and that information variables can be as important as material variables in determining the strategy a state should choose.

Thinking Outside the Box in Multilateral Disarmament and Arms Control Negotiations

Thinking Outside the Box in Multilateral Disarmament and Arms Control Negotiations

  • Author: John Borrie,Vanessa Martin Randin
  • Publisher: United Nations Publications UNIDIR
  • ISBN: 9789290451877
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 254
  • View: 9195
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Success in multilateral disarmament and arms control negotiations has been scarce in recent years. There is need for new approaches--to "think outside the box"--in order to make them work better because continued failure has real human costs. This volume offers new practical tools and perspectives to inform and help the ongoing efforts of multilateral disarmament practitioners, drawing from a range of contributors in civil society, diplomacy, and the policy and research fields. Publishing Agency: United Nations (UN).

After Hegemony

After Hegemony

Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy

  • Author: Robert O. Keohane
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9781400820269
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 514
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a comprehensive study of cooperation among the advanced capitalist countries. Can cooperation persist without the dominance of a single power, such as the United States after World War II? To answer this pressing question, Robert Keohane analyzes the institutions, or "international regimes," through which cooperation has taken place in the world political economy and describes the evolution of these regimes as American hegemony has eroded. Refuting the idea that the decline of hegemony makes cooperation impossible, he views international regimes not as weak substitutes for world government but as devices for facilitating decentralized cooperation among egoistic actors. In the preface the author addresses the issue of cooperation after the end of the Soviet empire and with the renewed dominance of the United States, in security matters, as well as recent scholarship on cooperation.

Cooperation Under Anarchy

Cooperation Under Anarchy

  • Author: Kenneth A. Oye
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691022406
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 260
  • View: 3204
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This path-breaking book offers fresh insights into a perennial problem. At times, the absence of centralized international authority precludes attainment of common goals. Yet, at other times, nations realize mutual interests through cooperation under anarchy. Drawing on a diverse set of historical cases in security and economic affairs, the contributors to this special issue of World Politics not only provide a unified explanation of the incidence of cooperation and conflict, but also suggest strategies to promote the emergence of cooperation.

The Poverty of Nations

The Poverty of Nations

A Sustainable Solution

  • Author: Wayne Grudem,Barry Asmus
  • Publisher: Crossway
  • ISBN: 143353911X
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 398
  • View: 538
DOWNLOAD NOW »
We can win the fight against global poverty. Combining penetrating economic analysis with insightful theological reflection, this book sketches a comprehensive plan for increasing wealth and protecting stability at a national level.

Friend & Foe

Friend & Foe

When to Cooperate, When to Compete, and How to Succeed at Both

  • Author: Adam Galinsky,Maurice Schweitzer
  • Publisher: Crown Business
  • ISBN: 030772025X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7923
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What does it take to succeed? This question has fueled a long-running debate. Some have argued that humans are fundamentally competitive, and that pursuing self-interest is the best way to get ahead. Others claim that humans are born to cooperate and that we are most successful when we collaborate with others. In FRIEND AND FOE, researchers Galinsky and Schweitzer explain why this debate misses the mark. Rather than being hardwired to compete or cooperate, we have evolved to do both. In every relationship, from co-workers to friends to spouses to siblings we are both friends and foes. It is only by learning how to strike the right balance between these two forces that we can improve our long-term relationships and get more of what we want. Here, Galinsky and Schweitzer draw on original, cutting edge research from their own labs and from across the social sciences as well as vivid real-world examples to show how to maximize success in work and in life by deftly navigating the tension between cooperation and competition. They offer insights and advice ranging from: how to gain power and keep it, how to build trust and repair trust once it’s broken, how to diffuse workplace conflict and bias, how to find the right comparisons to motivate us and make us happier, and how to succeed in negotiations – ensuring that we achieve our own goals and satisfy those of our counterparts. Along the way, they pose and offer surprising answers to a number of perplexing puzzles: when does too much talent undermine success; why can acting less competently gain you status and authority, where do many gender differences in the workplace really come from, how can you use deception to build trust, and why do you want to go last on American Idol and in many interview situations, but make the first offer when negotiating the sale of a new car. We perform at our very best when we hold cooperation and competition in the right balance. This book is a guide for navigating our social and professional worlds by learning when to cooperate as a friend and when to compete as a foe—and how to be better at both.

A Comparative Introduction to Political Science

A Comparative Introduction to Political Science

Contention and Cooperation

  • Author: Alan G. Smith
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 144225260X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 618
  • View: 2503
DOWNLOAD NOW »
When are legislators inclined to cast votes in cooperation with their parties, and when do they go their own way? When and why do nations contend with each other, and when are they more likely to cooperate? Thematically arranged around the interplay of contention and cooperation, A Comparative Introduction to Political Science encourages students to explore causal factors and consequences related to political phenomena to become knowledgeable and resourceful citizens of their nations and the world. Alan Smith covers how patterns of contention and cooperation—and the resulting government policies—may be affected by such factors as the surrounding political framework, the distribution of influence, and political motivation, including values as well as material interests. To expose students to the politics of specific nations, each chapter concludes with two country case studies that illuminate the theme of the chapter. Students emerge with a sense of what is going on in the world today. Pedagogically, the book employs careful sequencing of topics and concepts for clarity and to introduce politics in a natural, logical, synchronized way. At times Smith goes beyond sharp, night-and-day terminological distinctions to add accessible, ordinary language-based terminology that better captures the real-world spectrum between the extremes. A Comparative Introduction to Political Science: Contention and Cooperation provides a comprehensive teaching and learning package including these ancillaries: Test Bank. Available for adopters to download, the Test Bank provides multiple-choice, true/false, and essay questions for each chapter. Testing Software. This customizable test bank is available as a Word file or in Respondus 4.0—a powerful tool for creating and managing exams that can be printed out or published directly to the most popular learning management systems. Exams can be created offline or moved from one LMS to another. Respondus LE is available for free and can be used to automate the process of creating printed tests. Respondus 3.5, available for purchase or via a school site license, prepares tests to be uploaded to an LMS. Click here: http://www.respondus.com/products/testbank/search.php to submit your request. Companion Website. The open-access Companion Website is designed to engage students with the material and reinforce what they’ve learned in the classroom. For each chapter, flash cards and self-quizzes help students master the content and apply that knowledge to real-life situations. Students can access the Companion Website from their computers, tablets, or mobile devices. eBook. The full-color eBook allows students to access this textbook anytime, anywhere. The eBook includes the entire print edition rendered in vibrant color and features direct links to the Companion Website. PowerPoint Slides. For every chapter, art slides of all figures and tables are available for adopters to download.

Sharing the Burden?

Sharing the Burden?

NATO and its Second-Tier Powers

  • Author: Benjamin Zyla
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442668393
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 344
  • View: 4767
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, NATO’s middle powers have been pressured into shouldering an increasing share of the costs of the transatlantic alliance. In Sharing the Burden? Benjamin Zyla rejects the claim that countries like Canada have shirked their responsibilities within NATO. Using a range of measures that go beyond troop numbers and defense budgets to include peacekeeping commitments, foreign economic assistance, and contributions to NATO’s rapid reaction forces and infrastructure, Zyla argues that, proportionally, Canada’s NATO commitments in the 1990s rivaled those of the alliance’s major powers. At the same time, he demonstrates that Canadian policy was driven by strong normative principles to assist failed and failing states rather than a desire to ride the coattails of the United States, as is often presumed. An important challenge to realist theories, Sharing the Burden? is a significant contribution to the debate on the nature of alliances in international relations.