Search Results for "widening-the-world-of-international-relations"

Widening the World of International Relations

Widening the World of International Relations

Homegrown Theorizing

  • Author: Ersel Aydinli,Gonca Biltekin
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351332848
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 252
  • View: 8841
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Current international relations (IR) theories and approaches, which are almost exclusively built in the West, are alien to the non-Western contexts that engender the most hard-pressing problems of the world and ultimately unhelpful in understanding or addressing the needs surrounding these issues. Our supposedly revolutionary new concepts and approaches remain largely insufficient in explaining what happens globally and in offering lessons for improvement. This deficiency can only be addressed by building more relevant theories. For theory to be relevant in accounting for contemporary international relations, we argue, it should not only apply to, but also emanate from different corners of the current political universe. In other words, diversity and dialogue can only come about when periphery scholars do not just "meta-theorize" but also "theorize." Aydinli and Biltekin propose a new form of theorizing through this collection of work, one that effectively blends peripheral outlooks with theory production. They call this form "homegrown theorizing," or original theorizing in the periphery about the periphery. Arguing that disciplinary culture is oblivious to the diversity that might be achieved by theorizing based on indigenous ideas and/or practices, this book intends to highlight that potential, showing diversity in the background of the authors, because wherever one looks at the world from, paints the picture that is being seen. Therefore, we bring together scholars from Eastern Europe to South Africa, from Iran to Japan to cover the extant diversity in ideas. This work will be essential reading for all students and scholars concerned with the future of international relations theory.

The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics

The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics

China, the United States, and Geostructural Realism

  • Author: Øystein Tunsjø
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231546904
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 8424
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Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the international system has been unipolar, centered on the United States. But the rise of China foreshadows a change in the distribution of power. Øystein Tunsjø shows that the international system is moving toward a U.S.-China standoff, bringing us back to bipolarity—a system in which no third power can challenge the top two. The Return of Bipolarity in World Politics surveys the new era of superpowers to argue that the combined effects of the narrowing power gap between China and the United States and the widening power gap between China and any third-ranking power portend a new bipolar system that will differ in crucial ways from that of the last century. Tunsjø expands Kenneth N. Waltz’s structural-realist theory to examine the new bipolarity within the context of geopolitics, which he calls “geostructural realism.” He considers how a new bipolar system will affect balancing and stability in U.S.-China relations, predicting that the new bipolarity will not be as prone to arms races as the previous era’s; that the risk of war between the two superpowers is likely to be higher in the coming bipolarity, especially since the two powers are concentrated on different regions; and that the superpowers are likely to be preoccupied with rivalry and conflict in East Asia instead of globally. Offering prescriptions for how the United States should act to reduce the risk of war with China, Tunsjø presents a major challenge to how international relations understands superpowers in the twenty-first century.

The Challenge of Global Capitalism

The Challenge of Global Capitalism

The World Economy in the 21st Century

  • Author: Robert Gilpin
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691186472
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1938
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The Evolution of International Security Studies

The Evolution of International Security Studies

  • Author: Barry Buzan,Lene Hansen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139480766
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2435
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International Security Studies (ISS) has changed and diversified in many ways since 1945. This book provides the first intellectual history of the development of the subject in that period. It explains how ISS evolved from an initial concern with the strategic consequences of superpower rivalry and nuclear weapons, to its current diversity in which environmental, economic, human and other securities sit alongside military security, and in which approaches ranging from traditional Realist analysis to Feminism and Post-colonialism are in play. It sets out the driving forces that shaped debates in ISS, shows what makes ISS a single conversation across its diversity, and gives an authoritative account of debates on all the main topics within ISS. This is an unparalleled survey of the literature and institutions of ISS that will be an invaluable guide for all students and scholars of ISS, whether traditionalist, 'new agenda' or critical.

Closing or Widening the Gap?

Closing or Widening the Gap?

Legitimacy and Democracy in Regional Integration Organizations

  • Author: Dr Andrea Ribeiro Hoffmann,Dr Anna van der Vleuten
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409498360
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 230
  • View: 3579
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Combining normative analysis and theory-driven empirical research in a comparative framework, this volume clarifies and explains the connections between regional international governance, legitimacy and democracy. It focuses on the quality of democracy and the legitimacy of policy making in multilevel regional systems. The volume offers a much-needed clarification of confusing concepts such as legitimacy, democracy and 'civil society' in non-national political systems. It critically assesses the quality of democracy and legitimacy within different Regional International Organizations (RIOs); it examines how networks of non-state actors become a kind of transnational civil society and assesses their potential for solving legitimacy deficits; and it investigates the impact of democratic conditionality in different RIOs. The contributors deepen our understanding of a relatively new non-state actor on the international scene - the regional international organization - and investigate the potential contribution of transnational non-state actors to the quality of governance at the regional level.

Philosophy and the Return of Violence

Philosophy and the Return of Violence

Studies from this Widening Gyre

  • Author: Nathan Eckstrand,Christopher Yates
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1441152725
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 221
  • View: 600
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law

The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law

  • Author: Bardo Fassbender,Anne Peters,Simone Peter
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191632511
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 1272
  • View: 396
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law provides an authoritative and original overview of the origins, concepts, and core issues of international law. The first comprehensive Handbook on the history of international law, it is a truly unique contribution to the literature of international law and relations. Pursuing both a global and an interdisciplinary approach, the Handbook brings together some sixty eminent scholars of international law, legal history, and global history from all parts of the world. Covering international legal developments from the 15th century until the end of World War II, the Handbook consists of over sixty individual chapters which are arranged in six parts. The book opens with an analysis of the principal actors in the history of international law, namely states, peoples and nations, international organisations and courts, and civil society actors. Part Two is devoted to a number of key themes of the history of international law, such as peace and war, the sovereignty of states, hegemony, religion, and the protection of the individual person. Part Three addresses the history of international law in the different regions of the world (Africa and Arabia, Asia, the Americas and the Caribbean, Europe), as well as 'encounters' between non-European legal cultures (like those of China, Japan, and India) and Europe which had a lasting impact on the body of international law. Part Four examines certain forms of 'interaction or imposition' in international law, such as diplomacy (as an example of interaction) or colonization and domination (as an example of imposition of law). The classical juxtaposition of the civilized and the uncivilized is also critically studied. Part Five is concerned with problems of the method and theory of history writing in international law, for instance the periodisation of international law, or Eurocentrism in the traditional historiography of international law. The Handbook concludes with a Part Six, entitled "People in Portrait", which explores the life and work of twenty prominent scholars and thinkers of international law, ranging from Muhammad al-Shaybani to Sir Hersch Lauterpacht. The Handbook will be an invaluable resource for students and scholars of international law. It provides historians with new perspectives on international law, and increases the historical and cultural awareness of scholars of international law. It is the standard reference work for the global history of international law.

International Economic Relations, Struggle for Change

International Economic Relations, Struggle for Change

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Allied Publishers
  • ISBN: 9788170233046
  • Category: International economic relations
  • Page: 454
  • View: 1571
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A World of Giving

A World of Giving

Carnegie Corporation of New York?A Century of International Philanthropy

  • Author: Patricia Rosenfield
  • Publisher: PublicAffairs
  • ISBN: 1610394305
  • Category: History
  • Page: 752
  • View: 2272
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The age of international philanthropy is upon us. Today, many of America’s most prominent foundations support institutions or programs abroad, but few have been active on the global stage for as long as Carnegie Corporation of New York. A World of Giving provides a thorough, objective examination of the international activities of Carnegie Corporation, one of America’s oldest and most respected philanthropic institutions, which was created by steel baron Andrew Carnegie in 1911 to support the “advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding.” The book explains in detail the grantmaking process aimed at promoting understanding across cultures and research in many nations across the world. A World of Giving highlights the vital importance of Carnegie Corporation’s mission in guiding its work, and the role of foundation presidents as thought and action leaders. The presidents, trustees, and later on, staff members, are the human element that drives philanthropy and they are the lens through which to view the inner workings of philanthropic institutions, with all of their accompanying strengths and limitations, especially when embarking on international activities. It also does not shy away from controversy, including early missteps in Canada, race and poverty issues in the 1930s and 1980s related to South Africa, promotion of area studies affected by the McCarthy Era, the critique of technical assistance in developing countries, the century-long failure to achieve international understanding on the part of Americans, and recent critiques by Australian historians of the Corporation’s nation-transforming work there. This is a comprehensive review of one foundation’s work on the international stage as well as a model for how philanthropy can be practiced in a deeply interconnected world where conflicts abound, but progress can be spurred by thoughtful, forward-looking institutions following humanistic principles.

The Open Society in Theory and Practice

The Open Society in Theory and Practice

  • Author: D. Germino,K. van Beijme
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401020566
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 334
  • View: 8403
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From June 28 until July 4, 1972, a group of scholars, all of them acade micians committed to the critical study of man and society which may be called political theory, met at The Rockefeller Foundation's VillaSerbelloni in Bellagio, Italy, to present papers on and discuss the subject of "The Open Society. " These papers, as revised, are published here, most of them for the first time. They reflect no consensus of view, nor were they intended to do so. That such a consensus did not emerge from the conference is not in our judgment a cause for regret; it may rather be regarded as a manifestation of a healthy and desirable plurality of approaches which itself indirectly tells us something important about the nature of the open society. All the papers deal in different contexts and from a variety of philosophi cal and theoretical perspectives with the interrelated themes of openness and the open society. Some of the panelists are skeptical of the capacity of modern industrial, or "post-industrial," society, with its heavy emphasis upon technological rationality to foster authentic openness under currently prevailing assumptions about man and nature.

The Problem of Harm in World Politics

The Problem of Harm in World Politics

Theoretical Investigations

  • Author: Andrew Linklater
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139497413
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8104
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The need to control violent and non-violent harm has been central to human existence since societies first emerged. This book analyses the problem of harm in world politics which stems from the fact that societies require the power to harm in order to defend themselves from internal and external threats, but must also control the capacity to harm so that people cannot kill, injure, humiliate or exploit others as they please. Andrew Linklater analyses writings in moral and legal philosophy that define and classify forms of harm, and discusses the ways in which different theories of international relations suggest the power to harm can be controlled so that societies can co-exist with the minimum of violent and non-violent harm. Linklater argues for new connections between the English School study of international society and Norbert Elias' analysis of civilizing processes in order to advance the study of harm in world politics.

Global Religions and International Relations: A Diplomatic Perspective

Global Religions and International Relations: A Diplomatic Perspective

  • Author: P. Ferrara
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 113740082X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 127
  • View: 5199
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With a religious re-emergence in international relations, this book provides an introduction to the role religions play within the global political arena. Culled from theoretical, practical, and real-world experiences, Ferrara explains the role religion now plays in global affairs on diplomatic and political levels.

The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War

The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War

  • Author: David G. Herrmann
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691015958
  • Category: History
  • Page: 307
  • View: 4524
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Europe's adoption of new 20th-century weaponry increased its land-based military power and influenced international affairs during the series of diplomatic crises that led to the First World War. Historian David Herrmann draws on documentary research in military and state archives in Germany, France, Austria, England, and Italy to provide the most complete study of this subject to date. Illus.

Into the Widening World

Into the Widening World

International Coming-of-age Stories

  • Author: John Loughery
  • Publisher: New York : Persea Books
  • ISBN: 9780892552047
  • Category: Fiction
  • Page: 268
  • View: 4394
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A collection of twenty-six short stories about young people, from twenty-two different countries.

ASEAN-China Economic Relations in the Context of Pacific Economic Development and Co-operation

ASEAN-China Economic Relations in the Context of Pacific Economic Development and Co-operation

  • Author: Siow Yue Chia,Bifan Cheng
  • Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian
  • ISBN: 9813016396
  • Category: ASEAN countries
  • Page: 215
  • View: 5449
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German Foreign Policy

German Foreign Policy

  • Author: Klaus Hilderbrand
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135073910
  • Category: History
  • Page: 272
  • View: 7274
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First Published in 1989. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World

  • Author: Joel Krieger,Margaret E. Crahan
  • Publisher: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0195117395
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 1018
  • View: 9599
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A one-volume, A-Z encyclopaedia designed as a comprehensive resource for understanding the complex terrain of world affairs.

Security

Security

A New Framework for Analysis

  • Author: Barry Buzan,Ole Wæver,Jaap de Wilde
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781555877842
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 239
  • View: 9372
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Two schools of thought now exist in security studies: traditionalists want to restrict the subject to politico-military issues; while wideners want to extend it to the economic, societal and environmental sectors. This book sets out a comprehensive statement of the new security studies, establishing the case for the broader agenda.

Globalization and Geopolitics in the Middle East

Globalization and Geopolitics in the Middle East

Old Games, New Rules

  • Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134092377
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 258
  • View: 502
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Examining globalization in the Middle East, this book provides a much needed assessment of the impact of globalization in the ‘greater’ Middle East, including North Africa, in the context of the powerful geopolitical forces at work in shaping the region today. Written by a well-known authority in this area, this book demonstrates that, unlike in other regions, such as East Asia, geopolitics has been a critical factor in driving globalization in the Middle East. The author argues that whereas elsewhere globalisation has opened up the economy, society, culture and attitudes to the environment; in the Middle East it has had the opposite effect, with poor state formation, little interregional trade, foreign and interregional investment, and reassertion of traditional identities. This book explores the impact of globalization on the polities, economies and social environment of the greater Middle East, in the context of the region’s position as the central site of global geopolitical competition at the start of the twenty-first century.

International Relations

International Relations

A Beginner's Guide

  • Author: Charles Jones
  • Publisher: Oneworld Publications
  • ISBN: 1780743041
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 2724
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Today, more than ever, we are buffeted by forces that originate from beyond our shores. Whether it’s war, economics, politics, or law, we live in a global world influenced by a complex landscape of international transactions. Esteemed academic Charles Jones ably provides the building blocks to understand the history of these interactions, outlining all the key actors — from the United States and China to the IMF and Google — and the competing theories that attempt to explain them. Arguing that the strength of international relations lies in its contradictions — it’s not a single discipline but a fascinating mess of history, politics, economics, sociology, law, anthropology, and cultural studies — this guide provides a lively discussion of the limitations of the field, as well as an explanation of why it is so essential. Covering globalization, conflict, history, and theory, this is the perfect primer for students of international relations, workers in an international context, and citizens across the globe.