Search Results for "workers-and-the-global-informal-economy"

Workers and the Global Informal Economy

Workers and the Global Informal Economy

Interdisciplinary perspectives

  • Author: Supriya Routh,Vando Borghi
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317445252
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 3983
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The global financial crisis and subsequent increase in social inequality has led in many cases to a redrawing of the boundaries between formal and informal work. This interdisciplinary volume explores the role of informal work in today’s global economy, presenting economic, legal, sociological, historical, anthropological, political and cultural perspectives on the topic. Workers and the Global Informal Economy explores varying definitions of informality in the backdrop of neo-liberal market logic, exploring how it manifests itself in different regions around the world, and its relationship with formal work. This volume demonstrates how neo-liberalism has been instrumental in accelerating informality and has resulted in the increasingly precarious position of the informal worker. Using different methodological approaches and regional focuses, this book considers key questions such as whether workers exercise choice over their work; how constrained such choices are; how social norms shape such choices; how work affects their well-being and agency; and what role culture plays in the determination of informality. This interdisciplinary collection will be of interest to policy-makers and researchers engaging with informality from different disciplinary and regional perspectives.

Women Workers and Global Restructuring

Women Workers and Global Restructuring

  • Author: Kathryn Ward
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 1501717081
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3026
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Since economists traditionally focus on market activities, women's non-wage labour has not been registered in works on economic development. On the other hand, women's wage labour has been described as supplementary or marginal to the household income as well as to economic development as a whole. The contributors to this collection did their research on women workers in countries from the core, the semiperiphery, and the periphery. The eight articles are introduced by Kathryn Ward, who presents a critical overview of the literature on women workers and globalization. In Ward's opinion we have to develop new definitions for some key concepts in our theories on women and work. These concepts should aim at including housework and work in the informal sector, and women's various acts of resistance. Ward also suggests new perspectives from which we should theorize about women's work in the process of global restructuring.

Asian Informal Workers

Asian Informal Workers

Global Risks Local Protection

  • Author: Santosh K. Mehrotra,Mario Biggeri
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134177356
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 480
  • View: 2319
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This thoroughly researched volume surveys the nature and extent of 'informal' work in Asia, which is a powerful and under-studied force in the region. After over half a century of development, even in the fast growing economies of Asia, the formal sector, and industrial jobs have grown rather slowly, and most non-agricultural employment growth has occurred in the informal economy. At the same time as this, there has been a feminization of informal workers and growth in subcontracted homework. Drawing on detailed case studies carried out in five Asian countries - two low income (India and Pakistan) and three middle income (Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines) – where subcontracted production, usually by women and children working out of home, is now widespread, this insightful book acknowledges that home-based work is the source of income diversification for poor families, but is also the source of exploitation of vulnerable workers and child labour as firms attempt to contain costs. This wide-ranging and accessible survey, edited by key specialists in this field, along with an impressive team of contributors, examines the social protection needs of these workers arguing convincingly for public action to promote such work and protect these workers as a possible new labour intensive growth strategy in developing countries.

Made at Home: British homeworkers in the global supply chain

Made at Home: British homeworkers in the global supply chain

  • Author: Gina Hocking,Mark Wilding
  • Publisher: Oxfam
  • ISBN: 1848141378
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2772
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The Sex of Class

The Sex of Class

Women Transforming American Labor

  • Author: Dorothy Sue Cobble
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • ISBN: 9780801489433
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 327
  • View: 7077
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Women now comprise the majority of the working class. Yet this fundamental transformation has gone largely unnoticed. This book is about how the sex of workers matters in understanding the jobs they do, the problems they face at work, and the new labor movements they are creating in the United States and globally. In The Sex of Class, twenty prominent scholars, labor leaders, and policy analysts look at the implication of this "sexual revolution" for labor policy and practice. The Sex of Class introduces readers to some of the most vibrant and forward-thinking social movements of our era: the clerical worker protests of the 1970s; the emergence of gay rights on the auto shop floor; the upsurge of union organizing in service jobs; worker centers and community unions of immigrant women; successful campaigns for paid family leave and work redesign; and innovative labor NGOs, cross-border alliances, and global labor federations. Revealing the animating ideas and the innovative strategies put into practice by the female leaders of the twenty-first-century social justice movement, the contributors to this book offer new ideas for how government can help reduce class and sex inequalities. They assess the status of women and sexual minorities within the traditional labor movement and they provide inspiring case studies of how women workers and their allies are inventing new forms of worker representation and power.

Worker Identity, Agency and Economic Development

Worker Identity, Agency and Economic Development

Women's Empowerment in the Indian Informal Economy

  • Author: Elizabeth Hill
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136954279
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 208
  • View: 2868
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More than nine out of every ten working women in India are employed in the informal economy, unprotected by labour laws and excluded from basic forms of social security. They work as daily labourers in the fields, small producers and industrial outworkers in their own homes and as vendors on the streets. These workers typically receive very low wages and experience extreme forms of social, economic and political marginalisation. This book examines what types of interventions can improve the well-being of women working in the Indian informal economy. Using the case study of the Self Employed Women’s Association, Worker Identity, Agency and Economic Development argues that work-life reform for informal women workers has moral and social dimensions, as well as economic. Drawing on the work of social philosopher Axel Honneth, the book argues that worker agency is critical to the process of work-life reform in the informal economy. Using empirical data collected amongst SEWA members the study shows that there is a positive and developmental relationship between a worker’s identity, or psychological integrity, and her actual capacity to engage in the political economy for constructive change. The study shows that membership based organisations can promote the social foundations of recognition and respect that are critical to identity and agency, as well as provide worker’s with real opportunities to develop alternative non-exploitative economic institutions that deliver improved wages and social security. But in organizing informal workers for collective action the existing distribution of power and wealth, as well as gender privilege are challenged. The result is social conflict and sometimes violence. Conflict of this nature is endemic to the development process, but is often overlooked in development literature and policy design. The book will be of interest to development scholars and practitioners, as well as those interested in the dynamics of women’s empowerment and socio-economic change for informal economy workers.

Impact of Global Crisis on Migrant Workers and Families

Impact of Global Crisis on Migrant Workers and Families

A Survey-Based Analysis with a Gender Perspective

  • Author: Asian Development Bank
  • Publisher: Asian Development Bank
  • ISBN: 9292540602
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 172
  • View: 3279
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This publication examines the impact of the crisis among migrant workers and their families---with gender perspective---to provide useful information for better evidence-based policy making. Based on household surveys in Indonesia and the Philippines, the results show that women are in worse condition and are more vulnerable than men. Women migrants still have lower education and skills, reflected in their inferior jobs. They face greater difficulties in reintegration when they return, forcing them to return abroad. Women also bear a heavier burden due to their gendered role in the family, and those who stay are more often unemployed or in vulnerable employment. Moreover, despite strong views that the man should be the breadwinner and the one going abroad, the increasing feminization of current migration indicates that necessity is a strong push factor forcing more women to go abroad. These findings further strengthen the call for considering gender in migration policies.

World Society in the Global Economic Crisis

World Society in the Global Economic Crisis

  • Author: Christian Suter,Mark Herkenrath
  • Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
  • ISBN: 3643800738
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 339
  • View: 3076
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The global financial and economic crisis started in 2008 with the collapse of Lehman Brothers. Four years later, despite massive national and international countermeasures, it is still not over. This book examines the considerable economic, social, and political consequences of the present global crisis for world society. In particular, the book's contributions focus on three central issues: 1) the crisis impacts on world society structures and evolutionary dynamics, 2) the crisis perceptions and public discourses with their social and political consequences, and 3) the experience of the global crisis at local and regional levels, as well as the responses to it. (Series: World Society Studies - Vol. 4)

Mexican Economy After the Global Financial Crisis

Mexican Economy After the Global Financial Crisis

  • Author: M. Angeles Villareal
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1437941109
  • Category:
  • Page: 21
  • View: 5098
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This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Mexico and the U.S. have strong economic, political, and social ties, which have direct policy implications related to bilateral trade, economic competitiveness, migration, and border security. The global financial crisis that began in 2008 and the U.S. economic downturn had strong adverse effects on the Mexican economy. Contents of this report: (1) Intro.; (2) Overview of Mexico¿s Economy: Current Conditions; Ties to the U.S. Economy; Past Economic Policies and Reforms; Effects of the Global Financial Crisis; (3) Effect on Mexico¿s GDP Growth; Exports; Employment; Mfg.; Energy Sector; Foreign Direct Investment Declines; Fall in Remittances; (4) Structural and Other Economic Challenges; (5) Implications for the U.S. Illus.

Organizing Women Workers in the Informal Economy

Organizing Women Workers in the Informal Economy

Beyond the Weapons of the Weak

  • Author: Naila Kabeer,Ratna Sudarshan,Kirsty Milward
  • Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1780324545
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 312
  • View: 3058
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Women as a group have often been divided by a number of intersecting inequalities: class, race, ethnicity, caste. As individuals - often isolated in reproductive or other home-based work - their weapons of resistance have tended to be restricted to the traditional weapons of the weak: hidden subversions and individualised struggles. Organizing Women Workers in the Informal Economy explores the emergence of an alternative repertoire among women working in the growing informal sectors of the global South: the weapons of organization and mobilization. This crucial book offers vibrant accounts of how women working as farm workers, sex workers, domestic workers, waste pickers, fisheries workers and migrant factory workers have organized for collective action. What gives these precarious workers the impetus and courage to take up these steps? What resources do they draw on in order to transcend their structurally disadvantaged position within the economy? And what continues to hamper their efforts to gain social recognition for themselves as women, as workers and as citizens? With first-hand accounts from authors closely involved in emerging organizations, this collection documents how women workers have come together to carve out new identities for themselves, define what matters to them, and develop collective strategies of resistance and struggle.

International Trade and Labor Standards

International Trade and Labor Standards

A Proposal for Linkage

  • Author: Christian Barry,Sanjay G. Reddy
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231512961
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 232
  • View: 8799
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Progressive governments in poor countries fear that if they undertake measures to enhance real wages and working conditions, rising labor costs would cause wealthier countries to import from and invest elsewhere. Yet if the world trading system were designed to facilitate or even reward measures to promote labor standards, poor countries could undertake them without fear. In this book, Christian Barry and Sanjay G. Reddy propose ways in which the international trading system can support poor countries in promoting the well-being of their peoples. Reforms to the trading system can lessen the collective-action problem among poor countries, increasing their freedom to pursue policy that better serves the interests of their people. Incorporating the right kind of linkage between trading opportunities and the promotion of labor standards could empower countries, allowing them greater effective sovereignty and enabling them to improve the circumstances of the less advantaged. Barry and Reddy demonstrate how linkage can be made acceptable to all players, and they carefully defend these ideas against those who might initially disagree. Their volume is accessible to general readers but draws on sophisticated economic and philosophical arguments and includes responses from leading labor activists, economists, and philosophers, including Kyle Bagwell, Robert Goodin, Rohini Hensman, and Roberto Mangabeira Unger.

Liberalization and Economic Performance of the Informal Sector

Liberalization and Economic Performance of the Informal Sector

A study of Indian Economy

  • Author: Indrajit Bairagya
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317631781
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 194
  • View: 7424
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Impact of liberalization on informality has been a subject of intense debate for many years and the major issue that has come up is whether liberalization helps to grow informal sector and informality in the economy or it is an obstruction for informal sector’s growth. Thus, in the light of the recent liberalization measure, this book sets to examine general presumptions of the development of informal sector in the context of the Indian economy. The book begins with a broad framework for analysis of output contribution and growth of the informal sector. Liberalization is measured by openness indices and inter-sectoral linkages. Impact of liberalization on growth contributions of informal sector is captured by openness indices (i.e. degree of openness to trade and principal component scores), technical efficiency (measured by Data Envelope Analysis and estimated by Tobit Censored Regression model) and components of productivity (computed by Malmquist total factor productivity index) of the informal enterprises by inter-sectoral linkages. The linkages are modeled theoretically in a neo-classical growth theory and empirically measured by sub-contracting arrangements between formal and informal enterprises. In addition, the book also provides implications on promotion of informal sector from the viewpoint of employment generation. The description and analyses of the book will help with policy implications and enlighten the readers on the development of informal sector.

A Critical Rewriting of Global Political Economy

A Critical Rewriting of Global Political Economy

Integrating Reproductive, Productive, and Virtual Economies

  • Author: V. Spike Peterson
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415314398
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 255
  • View: 9688
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"Two features of the global economy increasingly determine everyday lives worldwide. The first is explosive growth in financial markets that shapes business decision-making and public policy-making, and the second is dramatic growth in informal and flexible work arrangements that shapes income-generation and family well-being.

Nationalism in the Era of Globalisation-Issues from Guyana and the Bahamas

Nationalism in the Era of Globalisation-Issues from Guyana and the Bahamas

Working People's Contribution to Civil Society, Good Governance and Sustainable Development

  • Author: Silvius E. Wilson
  • Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1469116596
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 394
  • View: 6124
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This book came out of the need to highlight working peoples contribution to the process of self-organization and development in the former British Guiana-hereafter referred to as Guyana-and The Bahamas. Africans and other sections of the working people in these and other countries of the Caribbean, have succeeded, through their labour and transforming genius, in building communities, and produce crops and other commodities which aided metropolitan development. Guyanese workers dug canals, constructed dams and other necessary infrastructure which made the Atlantic coast inhabitable and crops and livestock flourished in a hostile, swampy and insect infested environment. In The Bahamas working people in New Providence and the Family Islands pioneered the fishing and boat-building industries and created the infrastructure for what became the leading tourist destination in the region. Organization at the local and grassroots level played an important role in the attainment of working peoples objectives in the region-wide nationalist movement, during the 1930s, through 50s, and gave rise to major developments such as the granting of adult suffrage, trade union legislation, opening up of Crown lands, majority rule and independence. The analysis will support the position that a reflection on the lessons of the pre-independence struggle as well as revisiting the spirit of collaboration and patriotism with which working people approached the objectives of political representation, job satisfaction and national identity, can provide relevant models to inform strategies to combat challenges which are brought about by globalisation. Issues relating to regional and international collaboration as well as national response to global developments in trade, production and social organisation, can benefit from a higher level of popularity and national awareness if citizens participation at the community and other levels of society is incorporated in the national discourse and response strategy. The title: Nationalism in the era of Globalisation. intends to draw attention to the new nationalism which is informing the new role of the nation state in which central governments are gradually assuming the role of facilitator in creating an enabling environment for the growth of the private sector as well as protect investors; guard against public sector inefficiency, corruption and waste; facilitate sound macroeconomic management that encourages economic growth and maintains price stability; in the process, embrace democratic values, respect diversity and open social spaces for peoples participation. Part of the role of government is also establish the structures and monitoring devices in order to avoid or reduce the severity of economic shocks in an era of increasing liberalization. One manifestation of this in the emergence of a complex terrain of bilateral and multilateral arrangements between and among nations of the Americas. Smaller states are seeking affiliation and membership within regional groupings such as NAFTA and MERCOSUR to secure the best trade deals and access to a wider market under the most favourable terms. Larger states such as Venezuela and Brazil are presenting their own vision of a Free Trade Area. Such a vision is based on sustainability, the eradication of poverty and empowerment of the masses. In this tradition some states in the Caribbean and South America have challenged the hegemony of the USA in a Washington-initiated model of the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas [FTAA] and proposing instead a more progressive model based upon the recognition of several centres of influence within the grouping. These developments are addressed in the book within the context of the way in which national and regional response must be channeled to influence the course of events-including the role and guiding principles of the World Trade Organization [WTO], the United Nations [UN] and other Internationa

Out of the Shadows

Out of the Shadows

Political Action and the Informal Economy in Latin America

  • Author: Patricia Fernández-Kelly,Jon Shefner
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271045590
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 2530
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Since the beginning of scholarly writing about the informal economy in the mid-1970s, the debate has evolved from addressing survival strategies of the poor to considering the implications for national development and the global economy. Simultaneously, research on informal politics has ranged from neighborhood clientelism to contentious social movements basing their claims on a variety of social identities in their quest for social justice. Despite related empirical and theoretical concerns, these research traditions have seldom engaged in dialogue with one another. Out of the Shadows brings leading scholars of the informal economy and informal politics together to address how globalization has influenced local efforts to resolve political and economic needs&—and how these seemingly separate issues are indeed deeply related. In addition to the editors, contributors are Javier Auyero, Miguel Angel Centeno, Sylvia Chant, Robert Gay, Mercedes Gonz&ález de la Rocha, Jos&é Itzigsohn, Alejandro Portes, and Juan Manuel Ram&írez S&áiz.

The Global Crisis and Transformative Social Change

The Global Crisis and Transformative Social Change

  • Author: P. Utting,S. Razavi,R. Varghese Buchholz,Rebecca Varghese Buchholz
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137002506
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 289
  • View: 6586
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Global crises not only deeply impact the economy and people's livelihoods, they also unsettle basic ideas and assumptions about the meaning and drivers of development. This collection of theoretical and empirical studies explores the substance and politics of policy change following the 2007/8 crisis from the perspective of developing countries.

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

  • Author: Mr. Yasser Abdih,Leandro Medina
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: 1484334485
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 18
  • View: 9632
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This study estimates the size of the informal economy, and the relative contribution of each underlying factor, for the Caucasus and Central Asia countries in 2008. Using a Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause model, we find that a burdensome tax system, rigid labor market, low institutional quality, and excessive regulation in financial and products markets are determinant factors in explaining the size of the informal economy, which ranges from 26 percent of GDP in Kyrgyz Republic to around 35 percent of GDP in Armenia. Furthermore, the results show that higher levels of informality increase the levels of self employment and the percentage of currency held outside the banking system.

The Director-general's Programme and Budget Proposals for 2010-11

The Director-general's Programme and Budget Proposals for 2010-11

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: International Labour Organization
  • ISBN: 9789221206699
  • Category:
  • Page: 116
  • View: 1293
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International Labour Review

International Labour Review

  • Author: Organisation internationale du travail, Bureau international du travail
  • Publisher: International Labour Organization
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2341
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Mainstreaming Informal Employment and Gender in Poverty Reduction

Mainstreaming Informal Employment and Gender in Poverty Reduction

A Handbook for Policy-makers and Other Stakeholders

  • Author: Martha Alter Chen,Joann Vanek,Marilyn Carr
  • Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
  • ISBN: 9780850927979
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 1358
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On the cover: New gender mainstreaming series on development issues