Search Results for "world-trade-report-2011-the-wto-and-preferential-trade-agreements-from-co-existence-to-coherence"

World Trade Report 2011

World Trade Report 2011

The Wto and Preferential Trade Agreements: from Co-existence to Coherence

  • Author: World Trade Organization
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9789287037640
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 251
  • View: 5748
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The ever-growing number of preferential trade agreements (PTAs) is a prominent feature of international trade. The World Trade Report 2011 describes the historical development of PTAs and the current landscape of agreements. It examines why PTAs are established, their economic effects, and the contents of the agreements themselves. Finally it considers the interaction between PTAs and the multilateral trading system. Accumulated trade opening - at the multilateral, regional and unilateral level - has reduced the scope for offering preferential tariffs under PTAs. As a result, only a small fraction of global merchandise trade receives preferences and preferential tariffs are becoming less important in PTAs. The report reveals that more and more PTAs are going beyond preferential tariffs, with numerous non-tariff areas of a regulatory nature being included in the agreements. Global production networks may be prompting the emergence of these "deep" PTAs as good governance on a range of regulatory areas is far more important to these networks than further reductions in already low tariffs. Econometric evidence and case studies support this link between production networks and deep PTAs. The report ends by examining the challenge that deep PTAs present to the multilateral trading system and proposes a number of options for increasing coherence between these agreements and the trading system regulated by the WTO.

Freihandel für eine gerechtere Welt

Freihandel für eine gerechtere Welt

Mehr als TTIP, Fracking und Chlorhühnchen – ein Plädoyer für eine gemeinsame Welt

  • Author: Frank Schäffler,Florian Hartjen,Clemens Schneider,Björn Urbansky
  • Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag
  • ISBN: 3960921411
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 192
  • View: 6337
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TTIP, CETA, JEFTA: So komplex und angsteinflößend wie die kryptischen Kürzel der Globalisierung klingen, ist Freihandel gar nicht. Auch wenn in der Bevölkerung oftmals Ängste und Befürchtungen überwiegen, bietet ein freier Handel zwischen Ländern weit mehr Chancen, als uns die Kritiker glauben machen wollen – gerade auch für die Benachteiligten. Der uneingeschränkte internationale Handel ermöglicht Wohlstand für alle. Er fördert das Wachstum der inländischen Wirtschaft, eine bessere wirtschaftliche Vernetzung weltweit, eine größere Produktvielfalt im heimischen Supermarkt und sogar die Bekämpfung von Armut in Dritte-Welt- und Schwellenländern. Nicht zuletzt hat der Abbau von Zöllen und Handelsbeschränkungen mehr zur Bekämpfung der Armut auf dieser Welt beigetragen als sämtliche Entwicklungshilfe-Milliarden und alle Demonstrationen gegen die vorgeblich unmenschliche Globalisierung. Hochkarätige Autoren aus Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik brechen in Freihandel für eine gerechtere Welt eine Lanze für den Freihandel, beseitigen Missverständnisse und zeigen an einer Vielzahl von Beispielen, dass die Öffnung von Märkten sehr viel menschlicher ist als eine Politik der Abschottung.

Turkey and Transatlantic Relations

Turkey and Transatlantic Relations

  • Author: Sasha Toperich,Aylin Ünver Noi
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 194766106X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 398
  • View: 6170
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Turkey’s position in transatlantic alliances goes back in the 1950s. Turkish Foreign Policy “Fresh Look” was launched just prior to the failed coup d’etat last July, and was intended to mend ties with its neighbors with whom Turkey has strained relationships. Turkey’s new pragmatic reconciliation policy strives to build bridges without damaging existing transatlantic alliance. The goal of developing good relations with its neighbors that surround the Mediterranean and the Black sea, presents Turkey with a number of challenges. Turkey is seen as a bridge between West and East due to its geographic location. This volume intends to shed more light into past, present and future Turkey-Transatlantic relations, focusing on a history of Turkey-Transatlantic relations, the impact of current developments in Turkey and its neighbors, and Turkish domestic and foreign policies in Transatlantic relations. Authors include: Hülya Kevser Akdemir, Serdar Altay, Altay Atlı, Enes bayraklı, Münevver Cebeci, Filiz Cicioğlu, Şükrü Cicioğlu, İsmail Çağlar, Beril Dedeoğlu, Mehmet Uğur Ekinci, Emre Erşen, Tea Ivanovic, Donald N. Jensen, Edward P. Joseph, Kılıç Buğra Kanat, Erdal Tanas Karagöl, Christina Lin, Jennifer Miel, Nona Mikhelidze, Çiğdem Nas, Aslı Şirin Öner, Yonca Özer, Nicolò Sartori, Merve Seren, Eduard Soler i Lecha, Melike Janine Sökmen, Sasha Toperich, Aylin Ünver Noi, Alida Vračić, and Murat Yerlitaş

European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2013

European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2013

  • Author: Christoph Herrmann,Markus Krajewski,Jörg Philipp Terhechte
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642339174
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 602
  • View: 8193
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Part one of Volume 4 (2013) of the European Yearbook of International Economic Law offers a special focus on recent developments in international competition policy and law. International competition law has only begun to emerge as a distinct subfield of international economic law in recent years, even though international agreements on competition co-operation date back to the 1970s. Competition law became a prominent subject of political and academic debates in the late 1990s when competition and trade were discussed as one of the Singapore issues in the WTO. Today, international competition law is a complex and multi-layered system of rules and principles encompassing not only the external application of domestic competition law and traditional bilateral co-operation agreements, but also competition provisions in regional trade agreements and non-binding guidelines and standards. Furthermore, the relevance of competition law for developing countries and the relationship between competition law and public services are the subject of heated debates. The contributions to this volume reflect the growing diversity of the issues and elements of international competition law. Part two presents analytical reports on the developments of the regional integration processes in North America, Central Africa and Southeast Asia as well as on the treaty practice of the European Union. Part three covers the legal and political developments in major international organizations that deal with international economic law, namely the IMF, WCO, WTO, WIPO, ICSID and UNCTAD. Lastly, part four offers book reviews of recent works in the field of international economic law.

Invitation to the Sociology of International Law

Invitation to the Sociology of International Law

  • Author: Moshe Hirsch
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0191512486
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 220
  • View: 3762
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Invitation to the Sociology of International Law aims to cast light on the under-explored sociological dimension of international law. The book emphasizes that international legal rules are profoundly embedded in diverse social factors and processes, such as norms, identity, and collective memory. Thus, international law often reflects and affects societal factors and processes in state societies and in the international community. The book exposes some central tenets of the sociological perspective and its core theoretical approaches, and presents a sociological analysis of several significant topics in present-day international law. The volume surveys subjects such as compliance, international economic law, legal fragmentation, law-making, and the impartiality of adjudicators, and reveals that a sociological analysis of international law enriches our understanding of social factors involved in the formation, evolution, and implementation of the law. Such analysis may not only explain past and present trends in international law but also bears significant implications for the interpretation of existing legal provisions, as well as suggesting better legal mechanisms for coping with contemporary challenges. In light of the underlying interrelationships between international law and other social factors, this book invites international law specialists to analyse international legal rules in their wider social context and to incorporate sociological tools into mainstream international law scholarship.

The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization

The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization

Text, Cases and Materials

  • Author: Peter Van den Bossche,Werner Zdouc
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108211119
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8140
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Retaining the signature clarity and depth that made it an instant classic, this new fourth edition of The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization examines both the institutional and substantive law of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Fully updated to incorporate all new developments in the WTO's body of case law, this market-leading text offers readers a clear introduction to the basic principles of the multilateral trading system and a detailed examination of the law of the WTO. With integrated questions and assignments which allow readers to easily assess and reinforce their understanding and develop their analytical skills, The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization is essential reading for all WTO law students and practitioners. Suitable for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students, this classic text is also the ideal resource for practitioners, diplomats and policymakers looking for an introduction to the law of the WTO.

Annual Report

Annual Report

  • Author: World Trade Organization
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: International trade
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6565
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The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2012

The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2012

  • Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org
  • ISBN: 9789251072257
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 209
  • View: 9508
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This edition of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture highlights the vital role of fisheries and aquaculture in both food and nutrition security as well as economic expansion. The sector remains a major supplier of high-quality animal protein and supports the livelihoods and well-being of more than ten percent of the world's population. International trade in fish has reached new peaks as overall production has continued to rise. Yet, as the document underlines, an array of problems--ranging from the need for more effective governance to that of ensuring environmental sustainability--threatens to undermine the sector's valuable contribution to alleviating hunger and reducing poverty. Using the latest available statistics on fisheries and aquaculture, this edition presents a global analysis of the sector's status and trends.

Innovation, Globalization and Firm Dynamics

Innovation, Globalization and Firm Dynamics

Lessons for Enterprise Policy

  • Author: Anna Maria Ferragina,Kamil Yilmaz,Erol Taymaz
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 376
  • View: 3281
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This book is about the relationship between firm dynamics, innovation and globalization, the processes that are essential for long term economic growth and welfare creation. This volume deals with these three issues in three sections titled respectively: entrepreneurship, new firm formation and growth; productivity-innovation-growthnexus; globalization, multinational firms and producers' dynamics. The book presents new studies written by distinguished researchers in the field, who use state-of-the-art methodologies and extensive sources of firm- and plant-level longitudinal data to analyze and understand these major economic issues facing modern economies. In the first section, the book proposes two comprehensive introductory surveys which explore in detail the underpinnings of entrepreneurship, new firm formation and growth in advanced and developing countries. The second fundamental issue, productivity-innovation and firm dynamics, is approached by examining key drivers of selection mechanisms such as size, scale elasticity, innovative efforts, financial fragility of the firms, barriers to entry and exit, capital and financial market distortions, institutional inefficiencies and other market imperfections which affect the ability of firms to expand or enter. The third section examines differences, linkages and intertwined evolution of foreign and domestic firms in their dynamics of survival and growth in different institutional contexts and periods. Each chapter includes a detailed discussion of the implications of the respective analyses for enterprise policy. In a concluding chapter the overall implications for enterprise policy of the analyses presented in the different chapters are drawn by the Editors. This approach ensures that the book is integrated around a coherent central theme in comprehensive framework. The book responds to a growing concern among scholars, professionals, and policy makers over the recent decades about firm ability to survive and compete in a context of increasing globalization and international competition. The approach adopted is both theoretical and empirical with consideration of paradigmatic case studies in Europe, Africa and Asia, providing new evidence on developed, developing and transition economies in a comparative perspective. The cases selected represent different levels of development, different firms strategies and paths, with distinct outcomes. The book is an essential reading for scholars and students concerned with industry development, public policy and globalization, as well as to all those involved professionally in such issues.

Weltwirtschaft 2010

Weltwirtschaft 2010

Trends und Strategien

  • Author: Ralph Berndt
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642020828
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 308
  • View: 2759
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Die ersten zehn Jahre des neuen Jahrtausends sind fast vorbei. Es zeigt sich, dass viele Volkswirtschaften, aber auch global agierende Unternehmen mit mannigfaltigen Problemen konfrontiert sind. Die Beiträge dieses Sammelbands fragen in grundsätzlicher Weise, welche neuartigen Lösungswege zur Bewältigung typischer Probleme in den verschiedenen Funktionsbereichen des Managements beschritten werden können. Die Beiträge stammen von europäischen und US-amerikanischen Management-Spezialisten der Graduate School of Business Administration in Zürich.

Das Deutsche Kaiserreich, 1871-1918

Das Deutsche Kaiserreich, 1871-1918

  • Author: Hans-Ulrich Wehler
  • Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • ISBN: 9783525335420
  • Category: History
  • Page: 292
  • View: 7767
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Fair Trade

Fair Trade

Agenda für einen gerechten Welthandel

  • Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Andrew Charlton
  • Publisher: Murmann Verlag DE
  • ISBN: 9783938017630
  • Category:
  • Page: 374
  • View: 6729
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Der Reichtum Der Nationen

Der Reichtum Der Nationen

  • Author: Adam Smith
  • Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN: 3863831802
  • Category:
  • Page: 334
  • View: 4399
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OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2050 Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

OECD-Umweltausblick bis 2050 Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

Die Konsequenzen des Nichthandelns

  • Author: OECD
  • Publisher: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9264172866
  • Category:
  • Page: 400
  • View: 1007
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Wie werden wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklungen die Umwelt bis 2050 beeinflussen? Welche Maßnahmen sind nötig, um den wichtigsten ökologischen Herausforderungen zu begegnen, und mit welchen Konsequenzen müssen wir im Falle von politischer Untätigkeit rechnen? Der Umweltausblick liefert Analysen ökonomischer und ökologischer Trends. Im Zentrum der Projektionen stehen vier Bereiche, anhand derer sich die Zukunft unseres Planeten entscheiden wird: Klimawandel, Artenvielfalt, Wasser sowie Umwelt und Gesundheit.

Supply Chain Management und Advanced Planning

Supply Chain Management und Advanced Planning

Konzepte, Modelle und Software

  • Author: Hartmut Stadtler,Christoph Kilger,Herbert Meyr
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9783642141300
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 471
  • View: 8282
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Das Buch führt in die Grundlagen des Supply Chain Managements (SCM) und dessen Planung ein. Insbesondere werden moderne Advanced Planning Systeme (APS), ihre wesentlichen Funktionalitäten sowie die Planungskonzepte beschrieben, die zur Implementierung mit APS geeignet sind. Die Autoren erläutern, wie Supply Chains modelliert und wie APS-Projekte erfolgreich in der Industrie umgesetzt werden können. Das Buch spiegelt langjährige Erfahrung mit APS wider und verbindet Praxiswissen mit theoretischen Grundlagen aus der Wissenschaft.

Border Tax Adjustments: Konfliktpotential zwischen Umweltschutz und Welthandelsrecht?

Border Tax Adjustments: Konfliktpotential zwischen Umweltschutz und Welthandelsrecht?

  • Author: Barbara Volmert
  • Publisher: kassel university press GmbH
  • ISBN: 3862191214
  • Category: Environmental law, International
  • Page: 161
  • View: 5488
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Crash

Crash

Marktversagen - Staatsversagen

  • Author: Frank Bodmer,Silvio Borner
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783725309405
  • Category: Financial crises
  • Page: 155
  • View: 5697
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Auf dem Weg zum perfekten Unternehmen

Auf dem Weg zum perfekten Unternehmen

(Lean thinking)

  • Author: James P. Womack,Daniel T. Jones
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9783453141827
  • Category:
  • Page: 509
  • View: 8071
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